Skip to main content

Full text of "Slang and Its Analogues Past and Present: A Dictionary, Historical and Comparative, of the ..."

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 




















jW';^' m 


STANFORD universityIlibraries .< 







■» .' V 


It^Wlr ...t'^:' >' 




1, (a. t! • 





I ^- 



s -■ •» -t 

e '^ ;^ 


v. ,-* 




Past and Present 

A Dictionary Historical and Comparative of the 
Heterodox Speech of all Classes of Society 
for more than three hundred years 





VOL: v.— N. TO Razzle-dazzle 

• • " '« * 

; •: : ; - '^ ' ; : • .-< '.• ; 



■^ Sl[»tt§ mi fe ^i!ml«i§«s. P" 

AB (or Nap), lais. 
(Old CanI). — I 
The head: also 

TiBBV. — B. E. 
(<■. 1696) i 
Coles (i;o6} ; 
Bailbv (173S) i 
Grose (1785) ; Jauieson (1880). 

,567. HAHMAH,Cmfl/,(E. K T, 5.), 
U. Now I tower lh»l btnr ■- ■ -- 

.a (iS69).B5l. : 

160Q. DflKKKlI, Lajtthcrm nmd 
CmttditSrki rCnosiiiT, Wli. (iSM). Lii., 
SO}!. "Hie Ruffia elf the NAB of the 
Human beck. 

161a. RawuHDS, Marlln Mark-aU 
[L 39 (Hant. Club. Ript.J. s.v. 

.till. MinDLBTTIN and DlKKBlt, 

RtjtriM^ Girly V- I. So my boiuy NAfl 
oighi mkcir rame bouse 

' Th- hfairniLei-'l InjEIAIIOIL' 1 frn-^n Ihv 

[T U>d TofmAD. 

3. (old).— A bat ; a cap : also 

Golgotha.— B. E. (c 1696) ; 
Coles (1708); Bailey (1728); 
Dychk (1748)! Grose (1785)1 
Matsbll (1859), 

, '<• /** 

dU (E. E T. S. 

\<r/. And Ihen our Glchea. 

lilt. R. HijtD, Emglah Regur, L, 
», s. (1874), I.V. 

i«SS. Shadweli, jy. t/Alvitla, ii. 

[Jf«-*. (.7«X iv., irt B,V. S.» 

Here'i a nabs 1 you never »w such ■ one 
in your life. Cluai, A nim nabd : it ia 
« !«•.« oUs- 

iL, 3. l$e keep on my KAft. 

\n<, FiiLOIHC, /m<fA« M'/U, iL, 
vL ThoM idio pr^iTCd Ifae nab, or 
trencher-hal with the btim flappinB over 

0874). >-. v., SO.S-V. 

jEflJ. Emhrsoh, J'.jfTioi- Z,^^, sir. 




18x9. Vaux (J. H.), Memoirs^ 1., 
x90k. S.V. Nap thb bib, to cry; as, the 
moUiaher' nap'd her bib, the woman fell 
a crying. 

1821. ElcAN, Li/t in L^ndon^ 227. 
Dirty Suke began now to nap hkr bib. 
Ibid.^ Boxiana (1824), iv., 145. Josh 
NAPPED again on the other eye. 

183a Lytton, Paul Clifford^ xvL, 
Nabbing, grabbing all for himself. 

183J. Marryat, Peter Simple ^ i., 
X. Well, cried she, they've nabbed my 

1837. Barham, IngoUUhy Legends^ 
' The Black Mousquetaire.' Once he pre- 
vai]*d ... On the bailiff who nabb'd 
him, himself to ' go bail ' for him. 

2838. Comic Almanac^ April. Don't 
NAB THE bib, my Bet, this chance must 
happoi soon or later. 

x85x-6i. Mayhbw, Limd, Lai.^ iiL, 
I39' I give him the nap and knock him 
on the back. 

1859. 'Matsell, Vocab.f ' Hundred 
Stretches.' S<MDe nibbed to wit bad 
NAPPED a winder. 

x867. Lomdon Herald f^jiMBr., 221, 
3. We re safe to nab him ; safe as houses. 

1885. BelTs Li/e. 3 Jan., 8, 4. 
J'ohnny led off with his left, but napped it 
in return from Bungaree's left on the 
temple, which raised a bump. 

x886. Daily JVews, 3 Nov., 5, 6. In 
one comer, four boys are learning how to 
KNAP a fogle fly. 

x888. S/orling Life, 1 Dec. In 
endeavouring to reach his o{)ponent's ribs 
with the right, napped it on the dial. 

1893. M1U.IKBN, 'Arry Ballads, 21. 
He napped mc 

2. (old). — See quot 

1775. Ash, Diet,, s.v. Nab {a 
coUaquial word). To bite, to bite with 
repeated qaick but gentle motion. 

His Nabs. Su Nibs. 

Naball, subs. (old). — A fool : see 
BuFFLE and Cabbage-head. 

s6x2. Rowlands, More Knaves 
Ygt^ * Kpig«' To all London's nab alls. 

Nabber (or nabbler), subs, 
(Scots'). —A thief. Whence 

NABBERY = theft. — JaMIESON 

(iSoS) : Matsell (1859). 

Nabbing-cull, subs, (old). — A 
bailiff ; a constable. Also 


X780. ToMLiNSON, Shmg Pastoral, 
St. X. Will no blood-hunting footpad, 
that hears me complain, Stop the whine of 
that nabbinc-cull, constable Payne? 

x8i6. Terry, Guy Mannering, if. 3. 
Old Donton has sent the nabman after 
him at last. 

Nabby. See Nobby. 

Nab-cheat. subs, (old).— I. See 
Nab, subs,^ sense 2. 

Nab-girder, subs, (Old Cant).— 
A bridle : also nob-girder. — 
B. E. c, 1696) ; Bailey (1728) ; 
Grose (1785) ; Matsell (1859). 

Nabob, subs, (Anglo-Indian : now 
colloquial). — I. See early quots. ; 
and (2) a rich man. Hence 
Nabobbery = the class of nabobs. 

161 2. R. CovERTE, Voyage, 37. An 
Earle b called a Nawbob. 

1625. PuRCHAS, Pilgrims^ i., iv., 
467. The N ABOB with fifty or 60 thousand 
people in his campe. 

1665. Sir Th. Herbert, Travels 
(1677X 99* Nobleman, Nabob. 

1764. Walpole, Lett. (1857), iv., 
223. Mogul Pitt and Nabob Bute. 

X772. FooTE, Tke Nabob (Title). 

X784. Burke on Fox*s E. I, Bill 
(ffVr/fej (1852), in., Kc6\, He that goes 
out an insignificant boy in a few years 
returns a great nabob. 

X786. H. More, Florio, 272. Before 
our tottering castles fall And swarming 
NABOBS seize on all ! 

d.iftj/S. Burns, Election Ballads, ni. 
But as to hb fine nahob fortune We'll 
e'en let this subject alane. /bid., * Ded. 
to G. H.' 2. And there will be rich 
brother nabobs. Though nabobs, yei 
men o' the first 



2. (venery). — 1\i^ penis: see 
Creamstick and Prick. 

X675. QxyvTOH ^ Scoffer Scofft\Works 
C"7a5)» P- i74l' Lc* ^^^ alone, and come 
not at her, But elsewhere, lead thy nag to 

C.1707. Old BeUlad^ 'The Trooper 
Watering His Nag* (Farmer, Merry 
SoH^ and BeUktds (1896), L, 192]. When 
Night came on to Bed they went, ... 
What is thb so stiff and warm. . . . TU 
Ball my nag— he will do you harm. 

3. in//, (venery). — "Wi^ testes: 
see Cods. Span., angle. 

4. (common). — ^A whore ; 
JADR (^.z^.). 


1598. Marston, Scourge 0/ ViU, 
vi., 64. Gull with bombast Imes the 
witless sense of these odd nags. 

x6o8. Shakesfbarb, Antony and 
CUopairOf iiL, 10, xo. Yoo ribaodred 
NAG of Egypt. 

X775. Ash, Dict.t s.v. Nag ... a 

Verb, (colloquial). — To scold, 
or fault-find persistently ; to tiff. 
Whence NAGGBR=a persistent 
scold ; NAGGING {su6s, and adj,) 
=&alt-finding ; and naggy = 
shrewish ; irritable. 

X846. Notes and Qmeries, x., 89. 
Nagging — whence is this word derived ? 

x86x. Thackbray. Level/ the 
Widower^ iiL Is it pleasing to . . . have 
your wife nag*naguing you because she 
h fff not been invited to the Lady 
Chancelloress's soirte, or what not. 

X869. Orchestra^ Mar. 14, 'Reviews.' 
Don't nag. I know the expression b 
vulgar, and not in the dictionaries. 

c. 1 870W Dickens, Ruined by Railways, 
You always heard her nagging the maids. 

1878. Daily JVews, 10 Aug. Harvey 
pleaded in his defence that his wife was a 

x88o. W. D. HowBLLS, TAe Undis' 

cetfered Country ^ iL The . . . sparrows 

. . quarrelled about over the grass, or 

inadelove like the nagging lovers out of a 

lady's fHTvel. 

X883. Athenetum^ 95 Feb. Describes 
Agnes as having nagged the painter to 

X884. Bssant, /«//«, ii. Where there 
would be no okl grandmother to beat and 
NAG at her. 


DRAGON), »^^./Ar. (common). •« 
To urinate : su Dragon. 

To TETHER one's NAG, verb, 

phr, (Scots'). — To copulate : su 
Greens and Ride. 

Naq-draq, subs. phr. (thieves'). — 
A term of three months' imprison- 
ment : see Drag. 

Naqqie, subs, (venery).— I. The 
female pudendum : see Mono- 

2. See Nag, subs.^ sense i. 

Naqole, verb, (colloquial).— To 
toss the head in a stiff and affected 
manner. — Halliwell (1847). 

Nail, subs. (Winchester Collie). — 
I. ^i^quots. andBiBLiNG under 


x866. Mansfibld, Sck. Life Win- 
Chester^ s.v. Naiu To stand up undbr 
THK NAIU The punishment inflicted on 
a boy detected in a lie ; he was ordered to 
stand op on Junior Row, just under the 
centre sconce, during the whole of school 
time. At the close of it he received a 
• Bibler.' 

X887. Adams, Wykehamica^ s.v. 
Nail, the central sconce at the east and 
west ends of the school were so<alled. A 
boy who had committed xome unusually 
disgraceful offence, was placed there during 
school, previously to being * bibled.' 

2. (Old and Scots'). — Disposi- 
tion ; spirit ; nature. The auld 
NAIL = original sin ; A bad nail 
=a bad disposition ; a guid 
nail = a good disposition. Also 
as in quoL 1819. 




Hard as nails, adj\ phr, 
<collcxiuial). — I. In good con- 

Z89X. sportsman^ 25 Mar. Neither 
'£^2tt.hbeal, who struck me as hard as 
»4,A.iLS not long since. 

2. (colloquial). — Harsh ; un- 
yielding ; pitiless. 

1888. BoLDKEWOOD, Robbery UtuUr 
jl ryns, xxxviL Hard as nails. 

z/erd, phr. (colloquial). — ^To ex- 
pose as false : as a lie. [From 
putting a counterfeit coin out of 
circulation by fastening it with a 
nail to the counter of a shop.] 

1883. O. W. Holmes, Med. Essays^ 
67. A few familiar facts . . . have been 
suffered to pass current so long that it 
is time they should be nailed to thb 


1888. Texas Si/lings^ ao Oct. That 
HE WAS nailed a good while ago. I 
know it, chuckled the C L., but it's easy 
enough to pull out the nail. 

1888, Denver Re^lican, 6 May. 
The La Junta Tribunt has scooped all the 
papers in the State by nailing the first 
campaign lie this season. 

1808. Rejeree, x8 Sep., 2. i. How 
often thb particular falsehood has been 
nailed to the counter 1 don't know ; 
more than once I have done it myself. 
Still, it obtsdns currency. 

vcKXk Daily Telegraphy 20 Mar., 9, 
3. Tljat truth, sooner or later, will out is 
an accepted maxim among many of us ; 
and it b, therefore, with a peculiar satb- 
faction that I am able to announce that 
the champion lie of this campaign has, 
without doubt, been securely nailed to 
THE counter of public judgment. 

Naked as my nail, phr, (old 
colloquial).— Stark-naked. 

1605. Drayton, Man in the Moone^ 
510. And tho' he were as naked as my 
nail, Yet would be whinny then, and wag 
the tail 

1633. Heywood, Eng, Trav.. iL, i. 
Did so towse them and . . . pluckethem 
and pull them, till he left them as naked 


Off at the nail, phr. 
(Scots'). — I. See quot 

1808. Tamieson, />/<:/., S.V. Nail. It 
b conceivable, that the S. phrase . . . 
might originate in family and feudal 
connexion. . . . When one acted as an alien, 
relinqubhing the society, or disre^;arding 
the interests of hb own tribe, he might be 
said to GO OFF at the nail ; as denoting 
that he in effect renounced all the ties of 
blood. But thb b offered merely as a 

2. (Scots*).— Mad. 

3. (Scots'). — Tipsy 
Drinks and Screwed. 


1822. The Steambi>aty 300. When I 
went up again intil the bedroom, I was 
what you would call a thought off thb 
nail; by the which my sleep wasna just 
what it should have been. 

Nails on the toes, phr, 
(old). — See quot 

x6o2. Shakespeare, 7Vv/.dMu/Crrxf., 
iL, T. Whose wit was mouldy ere your 
grandsires had nails on their tobs. 

To eat one's nails, verb, phr, 
(colloquial). See quot. 

i7o8-Ta Swift, Polite ConversatioHy 
L Indeed, Mr. Neoerout^ you should be 
cut for Simples thb morning : Say a word 
more, and you had as good bat vour 


Also 5u Dead ; Down. 

Nail-Bearers, subi. phr, (old). 
The fingers : su Fork. 

Nail- BOX, subs, phr, (printers'). — 
A centre of back -biting : see 
Nail, verb,y sense 3. 

Nailer, subs, (colloquial). — i. An 

1888. Illustrated London Nexvs, 
Summer Number, 26, 3. The Stomach of 
the Bar, collective^ and individual, is 
revolted and scandalised at the idea of one 
of its members doing anything for nothing. 
Yes, put in Eustace, I have suways under- 
stood that they were regular nailbrs. 





NAM0U8), verb, (thieves').— 5;^ 
quots., and SKEDADDLE. 

1857. J- E. Ritchie, Night Side of 
London^ p. 193. Nommus (be ofif), I am 
going to do the tighiner, 

X859. MatsblIo Vocabulum^ 8.v. 

x866. London Miscellany ^ 3 Mar., 

f. 57. It wras a regular trosseno (bad oneX 
f it went on that always, he said, he 
should precious soon nommus (cut itX 

Nam MOW, subs, (back-slang). — A 
woman; dblo nammow = an 
old woman. 

NAMUR8 (The), subs, phr,^ 
(military). — The Royal Irish 
Regiment, formerly The i8th 
Foot Also ** Paddy's Black- 

Nan, subs, (colloquial). — ^A maid. 

1596. Shakspbarb^ Merry Wrves^ 
L, 4, i6o. Good faith, it u such another 

Nan -BOY, subs, (common). — An 
effeminate man ; a Miss Nancy 

1691. Merry Drollery^ 'Jovial Lover,* 
p. 12. The Pipe and the Flute are the 
new Alamode for the nan-boys. 

T898. Sporting Timest ip Feb., x., 
3. But do you think we enjoyed diese 
supev'fine Miss Nancies a Quarter as 
much as we did the daring darlings who 
subsequently lured them down the Madeira 

2. (venery). — A catamite. 

Nancy, subs, (common). — i. The 
breech. — Vaux (1823). See Bum 
and Monocular eyeglass. 
Ask my nancy, see quot. 

X823. Bee, Z>/W. T'lrj^^s.v. Ask my 
NANCY, a very vulgar recommendation, 
seeing that it is a mute. 

Also see Nan boy. 

Nanny, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 

2. (common). — A whore : see 
Barrack-hack and Tart. 

Nanny-qoat, subs, (colloquial).— 

1. An anecdote. 

i86a Haliburton (Sam Slick), The 
Season Ticket, No. xi. ^ I'll swop nanny 
GOATS with you, and give you best when 
you tell the best one. 

2. (military).— In //. = The 
Royal Welsh Fusiliers, formerly 
the Twenty-third Foot : the reg- 
iment has a p>et goat which is led 
with garlanded horns and a shield 
at the head of the drums — ^how the 
custom arose is unknown. Also 
" The Royal Goats." 

Nanny-hen, As nice as a nanny- 
hen, /Ar. (old).— Very affected; 
delicate. Cf, Nun's hen. 

[T] M.S. Lambeth, 306, f. X35. Women, 
women, love of women Make bare pun 
with some men. Some be nysb as a 
NANNB HEN, . . . Some be lewde, some 
all be shreude, Go schrewes where thei goo. 

x6iT. C o T u s A V B, Dietionarie 

[H ALU well]. ... AS NICE AS NUNNES 

NANNY-8H0P (or -H0U8E), SUbs, 

(common). — A brothel : in quot. 
1836 the cottage of a planter's 
smock-servant. — B. E. (c, 1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

English Synonyms. Acad- 
emy ; badger-crib ; bawdy-house ; 
bed - house ; bread-and-butter- 
warehouse (specifically Ranelagh 
Gardens : cf. bread and butter- 
fashion); bum-shop; buttocking- 
shop {cf. Fr. magcLstn de f esses J ; 
cab (cf. Fr. un bordel anibulant)\ 
button-hole factory ; case (Old 
Cant) ; cavaulting school; Corinth; 
coupling-house ; Covent Garden 
nunnery ;cunt-shop; cunny- warren; 
disorderly-house ; fancy-house ; 
finishing-academy ; fish-market ; 
fish-pound ; flash-drum (-house, 
or -ken); flesh-market ; fuckery ; 
garden-house ;goal; green-grocery; 
hook-house (or -shop) ; also hock- 
house : hooker in America = 




x6oo. The MayHes Metamorfhons^ 
I'll take a nap and come annon. 

16^5. Massingbr, Parliament of 
Lozfe, ii., 3. I here shall take a nap. 

1664. Cotton, Scarronides^ 102. 
And whibt he taking was a nap, She 
layed him neatly in her Lapw 

//.1 706. Burns, Awa, IVhigs^ Awa, 
Grim Vengeance lang has ta'en a nap. 

x8|2. Tennyson, Day Dream, 156. 
'Twas out at after dinner nap. 

3. (colloquial). — Sgeqnot 1867. 

1858. LvTTON, H^Jkai H^iU He Do 
IVith /if 309. He would not have crossed 
a churchyard alone at night for a thousand 

1867. Latham, Diet., a. v. Nap. 
Abbreviation for Napoleon, /.«., the coin 
so called . 

4. (Scots'). — See quot. i8o8 ; 
an abbreviation of nappy {g,v.), 

1804. Tarras, Poems, p. 94. Nor 
did we drink o' gilpin water ; But reemin 
NAP, wi' houp weel heartit. 

z8o8. Jamisson, Diet., s.v. Nap. 
A cant term for ale, or a stronger kind 
of beer. Aberd. 

5. (old). — See quots. Also as 

C.X696. B. E., Diet, Cant. Crew, 
8.V. Nap, a clap or pox. 

178^ Grose, f^uig^ Tongue. s.v. 
Nap. You have napt it, you are infected. 

Verd. (old). — I. SeeqnoXs, 

C.X996. B. K., Diet. Cant. Cmv, s.v. 
Nap. By cheating with the Dice to secure 
one chance. 

d.170^ Tom Brown, JVorks, m., 60. 
Assisting the frail square die with high 
and low fullams, and other napping 

1728. Bailey^ Eng\ Diet., s.v. 
Nap, to cheat at dice. 

1785. Grose, VmI^. Tongue, s.v. 


verb. phr. (colloouial). — I. To take 
unawares ; to take in the acL 

1587. Greene, Tritameron, xx. 
[Grosart, Works (1886), iii.J. With that 
Panthia, & the rest, touke them 

1593. Shakspbarb, Taming 0/ the 
Shrew, iv., a. Nay, I have ta'en vou 
NAPPING, gentle love. 

x6o6. Ret, /r. Parnassus, iiL, 5 
[DoDSLBV, Old Plays, ix., 286]. Now 
may it please thy generous dignity To 
TAKE this vermin napping, as he lies In 
the true lap of liberality. 

1663. BuTLBR, Hud., I., iiL I took 
thbb NAPPING unprepared. 

C.X696. B. E., Diet, Cant. Cmv, s.v. 

</.i727. Dbpob, Tour through Gt. 
Brit., III., X43. HANi>-NAPPiNG--that is 
when the criminal was taken in the very 
act of stealing cloth. 

1785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 
Nap. He caught him napping as Morse 
caught hb mare. 

X847. Porter, Quterter Race, xaa 
They'd caught the old man napping once. 

To GO NAP, verb. phr. (col- 
lo(^uial). — To risk everything on 
a single point ; * to go the whole 
HOG {q,v.) [From the game of 

x86a Glover, Racing Life, 38. Look 
here, you go nap — now, hear that ? nap— 
on Royal Angus. 

X883. W. Black, Yolande, xxxix. 
After dinner the familiar and innocent 
sixpenny nap was agreed upon. But even 
at^ thb mild performance you can lose a 
fair amount it you persistently go nap on 
almost any sort of a hand that turns up. 

1888, Bamet Press, 1 Dec. He 
could sav that Elstree and Shenley would 
GO NAP (or Mr Todhunter. 

1891. Answers, 38 Mar. In the 
innocence of my heart, I adjured all 
readers of the paper to GO nap on Nostrils 
for the 2.30 race 1 

^ 1898. Pall Mall Gaz., 20 Sep., 2., 2. 
It^ is permi.vsible to doubt whether it was 
wise to GO NAP — if an Orleans can go nap 
—on Dreyfus's guilt and the infallibility of 
the court-martial which condemned him. 

phr. (old). — See quot. 

1823. Bee, Z?/c/. Tur/,%.y. Nap . . . 
to get more beating than is given. 

See also Regulars, Slap, 
and Teize. 




Z789. Geo. Parker, Li/k's Painter^ 
p. X49. A kind of fellow who dresses 
smart, or what they term natty. 

18 19. MooKE, Tom Crib's Mem.^ 
xo. From natty barouche down to buggy 

1823. Bbb, Diet. Tuf/t S.V. 

i?49. C Brontb, Shirley ^ ^ xv. 
Sweating alone received the posy like a 
smart, sensible little man as he was, 
putting it gallantly and nattily into his 

x86ow G. Eliot, Mill on ifu Floss ^ 
iL, 7. A connoisseur might have seen 
* pcnnt ' in her which had a higher pro> 
mise for maturity than Lucy's natty 
completeness. IbiJ.^ Silas MarH€r{\9A\% 
xL Evervthing belonjg^g to Miss Nancy 
was of delicate punty and nattinsss 
... as for her own person it gave the 
same idea of perfect unvarying neatness as 
the body of a little bird. 

1867. Latham, DicL^ •.▼., Natty, 
Smart, spruce [c>>lloq.]. 

x373. FirarOf aa June. A nattibs 
rig you'll hardly twig. 

1875. Ouioa, Signa^ in., x., p 931. 
It seems a nice easy trade, said Nita, 
tempted ; and Ixii^S. must oe handy in 
it ; that would suit him. No one lies so 


1889. JF/ar/er'sAfag-.tLXXix.tSig. A 
very natty little oflSicer, whose handsome 
uniform was a source of great pride and a 
ioatter of great pride to nun. 

x8oa. MiixiKBN, *Arry Ballads, p. 
94. Natty cove. 

Natty- LAD, suds, (thieves'). — A 
young thief or pickpocket. — 
Gross (1785) ; Halliwell 


NATURAL, suds. (old). — I. A 
mistress : see Tart. — B. E. {c, 
1696) ; Grose (1785). 

168B. Shadwbll, So. 0/ Alsaiia^ it 
\Wks. {\T»o^% iv., 47). But Where's yoiur 
lady, captain, and Uie blowing, that is to 
be my natural^ my convenient, my 
pure? IbitLy l, iv., ShamwolL Thou 
art i' th' right ; but, captain, where's the 
convenient, the natural ? 

2. (colloquial). — ^An idiot ; a 
simpleton. — B. E. (r. 1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

159;^ Shakspbars, Romeo and 
Juliet^ It., 4. This drivelling love is like 
a great natural, that runs lolling up and 
dovm to hide his bauble in a hole. Ibid.^ 
Tempest (\6og\ iil, a, 37. That a mon- 
ster should be such a natural. 

1609. Deckbr, Guls Home-booke^ 
ii. [Grosart, Works (1886), ii., ai6]. 
They which want sleepe . . . become either 
mere naturals or else fall into the 
Doctor's hands. 

X614. Rowlands, A Fooles Bolt is 
Soone Shott, \. p aa (H. Club's Repr., 
1873X The Duke of Brunswicke had a 
natukall, Whom all the Court did 
sotton /oris call. 

Z7aa. Stbelb, Consc. Lovers^ iL, i. 
I own the man^ is not a natural ; he 
has a very quick Sense, tho' a slow 

1766. CoLMAN, Cland. Marriage y i. 
\Works (1777), L, 177]. This ridiculous 
love I we must put a stop to it. It makes 
a perfect natural of the girl. 

1815. Nbal, Bro. Jonathan^ ii., 15. 
He's your brother, I guess ?— ain't he ? — 
sort of a NATTBRAL, too, I guess ? 

1874. Mrs. H. Wood, Johnny 
LudlofVt ist S., Na xvi., p aS?. The 
man opened his mouth and closed it 
again ; like, ju Molly put it, a born 


3. (old).— A bastard. —B. E. 
{c. 1696) ; Grose (1785). 

4. (American thieves'). — A 
clever, quick-witted, generous 
man.— Matsell (1859). 

5. (obsolete). — See quot 

1888. Encycl. Brit, xxiv., 560 8.v. 
Wig. In 1734 the peruke-makers adver- 
tised full bottom tyes, full bobs, minister's 
bobs, NATURALS, tialf naturals . . . among 
the variety of artificial head gear which 
they supplied. 

Adj. (American). — Not 
squeamish.— Matsell (1859). 




£BNB, Tullies Lcve^ Shep- 
tOROSAR-n fVorks (z886), 
ise^e nise, Following fashion, 

herd'* 0<ie 

vu., 1^5 »• 

NXYED Vim t:wisc 

•4l^Y-WORO, ^«^J- (old).— 'A com- 
mon By- word or Proverb.*— B. E. 
{c, i696> ; Grose (1785). 

Nazold, suds, (old colloquial).— A 

vsdn f ool- 

t6aQ. O^tick Glasst of Humors^ x6a 
1 Vnow some sdfe-concciied nazolo, and 
Lme jJSndice-fac'd ideot, that mes to 
deprave and detract men s worthmcsse, by 
their base obloquy. 

NAZY, See nase. 

N.C. phr, (common).— • Enough 
said Mnuf ced) ; C/. O.K. 

Near (also Niqh and Narrow), 

adj, and adv. (colloquial).— I. 
Formerly careful, now (con- 
temptuously) = stingy; 'close- 
fisted.' Fr. serri. Thus near- 
ness [subs.) = a parsimonious 

1591. Savile, Tacitus, Hist, i., xr. 
Now for NBARENESS Golba was noted 

1603. Dkkker, BtUchelifrs Bamquett 
viL The good man he goes euery way 
as NBERC as he can, and warilie containes 
himselfe within hi5 bounds, casting vp 
what his yearelv reuenuesare, or what his 
gaime is by bis profession, be it iner> 
chandize or other, and then what hb 
expenses be. 

1616. The MercKoHt^ Aviac (quoted 
in Notes and Queries, j S., vL, 504I 
Also to be circumspect and nigm in all his 

1712. spectator. No. 350. I have a 
very good affectionate father ; but though 
very rich, yet so mighty near, that ne 
thinks much of the charges of my educa. 
tion. Ibid., No. 40a. I always thought 
he lived in a near way. 

18x6. Scott, Antiquary, xL I'll 
rather deal wi' younself ; for, though you're 
NEAR enough, yet Miss Grizel has an unco 
close grip. 

1847. E- Bronte. Wutkering 
Heights, XV. J iiL The villagers affirmed 
Mr. Heathcliff was near, and a cruel hard 
landlord to his tenants. 

X849. Dickens, David CopperJieLL, 
X. Mr. Barkis was something of a miser, 
or, as Peggotty dutifully expressed it, 
' was a little near.' 

2. (colloquial). — On the left 
side: cf. Off. 

X893. Bee, Diet, Tutf, s.v. Nkar. 
Postillions ride on^ the near horse in 
England — the Russians drive on the off 
horse, ibid. The left kidney being nearer 
the heart than the right one b called the 
near, the melt interposing between it and 

1859. Art of Taming Horses^ 77. 
The motion will draw up the off leg into 
the same position as the near leg. 

Neardy, subs, (provincial : North). 
— A person in authority — master, 
parent, foreman [Hotten], 

Neat, adj, (colloquial). — Unmixed 
with water; naked (^.w.) ; 
SHORT {q.v.) ; STRAIGHT (q,V,) 

English synonyms. Abori- 
ginal ; ' ah ! don't mingle ' ; as 
It came from its mother ; bald- 
heed ; bare-footed ; clean from 
the still ; cold-without ; in puris 
naturalibus ; in a state of nature ; 
naked ; neat as imported ; neat ; 
simplex munditiis ; out of the 
barrel ; plain ; primitive ; pure ; 
raw ; raw recruit ; reverend ; 
stark-naked ; straight ; stripped ; 
unalloyed ; unmarried ; unso- 
phisticated ; uncorrupted ; un- 
tempered; virgin; without a 

1596. JoNSON, Every Man in his 
Humour, iv., 4. We'll go to the Wind- 
mill ; there we shall have a cup of neat 
grist, we call it. 

x6s3. UrQUHART, Rabelais, i., iiL 
[BoHN, 1., 106J. He loved to drink neat, 
as mudi as any man that then was in the 

X7XX. Steele, 5>rc/., No. 264. The 
hogsheads of neat port came safe. 




\Tj^r. Fielding, Joseph Andmvs, 
III., til. My wines, which I never 
adulterated after their importation, and 
were sold an neat as they came over. 

1751. Smollett, Peregrine Pickle^ 
viii. He . . . judged the cordial to be no 
other than neat Cogniac 

1851-61. Mavhbw, Land. Lai..^ etc., 
L, 107. I was obliged to drink rum ; it 
wouldn't ha' done to ha* drunk the water 
NEAT, there was so many insects in it. 

1876. Bbsant and Rice, Golden 
Butterfly^ L I should take a smajl glass 
of brandy neat. Mind, no spoiling the 
effect with water. 


phr, (colloquial). — As neat as 
may be. 

1884. Hen LBV and Stevenson, 
Deacon i^rv^/V, iiL, 3(Three Plays, 36). 
We've nobbled him, as neat as nine- 

Neat, but not gaudy : as 
the devil said when he 
painted his bottom red, and 
tied up his tail with sky- 
BLUE RIBBON, /Ar. (common).— 
Spick and span ; 'fresh as a 

1887. Lij^ineotfsMag,, July, p. zi6. 
I have sent, I say, Just sucn manuscript 
as editors adl for, udr, clean, written on 
one side, not with a pencil, but with a 
^ood eold pen. stamps enclosed for return 
if deained ; the whole thing ' neat, but 
NOT GAUDV, as the monkey said ' on the 
memorable occasion ' when ne painted his 
tail sky-blue.' 

1892. Society ^ 6 Aug., p. 757, col. i. 
Tennyson when m a rage is neat and 


Neb (or Nib), subs, (old collo^oial : 
now recognised). — i. Originally 
the bill of a bird ; hence the face, 
mouth, or nose : specifically 
[B.E. {c. 1696), Grose (1785), 
and Matsell (1859)] of a 

C.1335. Ancren Rtwie^ 9a Srheau 
thi leoue neb to me. 

c.x69d. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, 8.v. 
Neb. She holds up her nkb : she turns 
up her mouth to be kissed. 

2. (old colloquial : now recog- 
nised).— Apen.—B. E. {c. 1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

3. (old).— The neck. 

X535- CovERDALE, BibU, Gen. viii., 
XT. Beholde she had broken of a leaf of 
an oljrue tre and bare it on her nebb. 

d,^6^2. Bacon, Nat, Hist. Take a 
glasse with a belly and a long neb. 

Nebuchadnezzar, subs, (veneiy). 
— I. The penis. [From its taste 
for Greens {g.v.)]. See Trick. 
To TAKE Nebuchadnezzar out 
to grass = to copulate. See 
Greens and Ride. 

2. (common). — A vegetarian. 

Necessary, subs, (old).— i. A 
bedfellow. See Tart. 

2. (old colloquial). — A privy. 
Also necessary house (or 

1609. Field, Woman is a Weather- 
cocht iv., 9. She showed me to a neces- 
SARV VAULT. Within a closet in the 
chamber toa 

x6iT. Field, Amends for Ladies , 
ii., ^ I met her in the NECESSARV HOUSE 
i' th morning. 

£.1786. yioRRis, The Pleni^tentiarv, 
For fancied delight ... To frig in the 

school NECESSARV. 

Neck, verb (old).— i. To hang: 
see Ladder. Whence, neck- 
cloth (neckinger, necklace, 
neck-squeezer, or necktie) = 
a halter; NECKTiE-sociABLE=a 
hanging done by a Vigilance 
Committee; NECK-QUESTiON=a 
hanging matter, something vital ; 
NECK- VERSE, See quot, 1696 ; 
NECK-WEED = hemp, or gal- 






^1536. Tyndalb, ff<w*«r, iia. Yea 
y^x. foorth a neckbubrsb to nue all 
g^st,rser of trespassers, fro the feare of 
tHc sword. 

X5;r8. Whbtstone, Promos and 
CiMSS.t iv., 4. And it behoves me to be 
secret, or else my neck-vbrsb cun [con]. 

1578. Lyte, TransL of Dodobn's 
///j/. 0/ Plantes. fol. 72. Hempe is 
called in . . . English, nbcke-weedb, 
^nd Gallows grasse. 

T578. Hist, of K, Lier {Six Old 
Plays^ iL. 4x0]. Madam, I hope your 
^race will stand Betweene me and my 
NECK'VBRSB, if I be Call'd in question for 
opening the king's letters. 

X ^86. M AR LOWB, Jtw of MaitOy i v. , 
^ Within forty foot of the gallows conning 


1 587. Grebnb, Mena^koH [Grosart, 
Works ^1886), vL, 15]. A sort of shifting 
companions, that . . . busie themselues 
with the indeuors of Art, that could 
scarcelie latinize their necke-vbrsb if they 
should haue neede. 

159-?. Harvey, Pierces Suj^erero- 
potion [Grosart, /fVr*x(i884-5Xii.,a8i]. 
Thy penne is as very a Gentleman FoLst, 
as any pick -purse liuing ; and, that which 
b most miserable, not a more famous neck- 
VERSE, than thy choice. 

X630W Taylor, IVorks [Narbs]. 
Some call it neck-weed, for it hath a 
tricke To cure the necke that's troubled 
with the crick. 

1637. Massingbr, Guardian^ iv., x. 
Have not your instruments To tune, when 
you should strike up, but twang it perfectly, 
As you would read your neck-verse. 

r647. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Bonduca, iv., i. What's the crime com- 
mitted That they wear necklaces T 

X655. Fuller, Ch. Hist. These 
words, * bread and cheese,' were their 
NECK-VERSE or shibboleth to distinguish 

1659. Clohery Div. Glimpses [quoted 
in SUutgt Jargon^ and Cant], The judge 
will read thy neck-verse for thee here. 

i66a. Rump Songs, 'The Rump 
Dock't,' iL, ^5. Instead of neck-verse. 
Shall have it writ on his Herse, There 
hangH one of the King's Fryers. 

1664. Cotton, Virgil Travestie 
[JVks. (1725), Blc iv., p. 133]. Seeing the 
Rope Ty'd to the Beam 1' th' Chamber- 
top, With neat alluring Noose, her sick 
grace E'en long'd to wear it for a neck- 

X696. R E..Dic(. Cant, Crew, s.v. 
Nbck-vbrsb. a Favor (formerly) indulged 
to the Clergy only, but (now) to the Laity 
also, to mitigate the Rigor of the Law, as 
in Man-slauehter, etc Reading a verse 
out of an old Manuscript Latin Psalter (tho' 
the Book now used bv the Ordinary is the 
same Printed in an Old EnglUh Character) 
save the Criminal's Life. Nay now even 
the Women (by a late Act of Parliament) 
have (in a manner) the benefit of their 
Cler^, tho' not so much as put to Read ; 
for m such cases where the men are 
allow'd it ; the Women are of course sizz'd 
in the Fist, without running the risque ofa 
Halter by not Reading. 

17x0 Old Song (in British Apollo), 
If a clerk had been taken For stealing of 
bacon. For burglary, murder, or rape. 
If he could but rehearse (Well prompt) 
his NBCK-VBRSE, He never could fail to 

1725. New Ca$U. Diet., s.v. 

«7S5. JOHN.WN, Eng, Diet,, s.v. 

X785. Grose, Vnlg Tongue, The 
. . . NECK VERSE . . . was the first verse 
of the fifty-first psalm. Miserere mei, etc, 

c, x8i6. Old Song, * The Night Before 
Larry was Stretched,' [Farmer, Musa 
Pedestris (X896X 79l« F<» the neckcloth 
I don't care a button. 

X893. Grose, Fulig. Tongue [Egah], 


1859. Matsell, Voca^lttm, s.v. 

X877. J. H. Beadle, Western fVilds 
[Bartlbtt]. He joined the Vigilantes, 
and had the pleasure of presiding at a 
NECKTIE sociABLB where two of the men 
who had robbed him were hanged. 

x886. Notes and QueHes, 7 S., it, 
98. Neckinger is nothing more than 
neckerchief, but implies, I think, itn 
poximity to a place of execution, the 
'Devil's Neckerchief on the way to 
Redriffe,' which sign would further imply 
that it was euphemistic or slang for the 
gallows, the rope, or the hempen collar. 

2. (old colloquial). — To 
swallow. Also TO wash the 
NECK. — Bee (1823). 

Neck and crop, adv, (coV 
loquial).— ^V^quot., 1823. 

x8a3. Bee, Diet, Turf, etc,, s.v. 
Neck and Crop. Turn bun out neck and 
CROP, is to pusb one forth all of a heap, 
down some steps or stairs being understood, 
so that the patient may pitch upon his neck 
(or headX 




1836. DiCKRNS, PickrtncJk (1857), 125. 
When I was first pitched nbck and crop 
into the world to play at leap frog with its 
troubles, replied Sara. 

1847. Lytton, Lucretta, ii., xx. 1 
was a-thinking of turning her out neck 
an' crop. 

Neck or nothing, ak^. (col- 
loquial). — At every risk ; des- 

1708-KX Swift, Polite Coforersaticns. 
I. Neck or nothing ; come doi^ or I'll 
fetch you down. 

1731. Fielding, Grud Street O^a, 
ii. 4. It u always nbck or nothing with 

1747. GentUmoH Instructed^ 526. 
The world is stock'd with neck or 
nothing ; with men that will make over 
by retail an estate of a thousand pound 
per annum to a lajvyer in expectation 
of being pleaded into another of two 

1766. Garrick, Neck or Nothing 

184a. DiCKBNS, American Notes^ 
tv., 38. And dashes on haphazard, pell- 
mell, neck-or-nothing, down the middle 
of the road. 

1870. Daily News^ 31 Mar. * On 
Acrobats.' It must be literally neck or 
nothing with him, neck or 35s. per week. 

2896. Skla, London Up to Daie^ 39. 
We resolved for once on a neck-or- 
nothing outing. 

Neck and neck, adv. (collo- 
quial. — Close ; almost equal : as 
horses in a race. 

i86x-3. Earl Stanhope, Lift of 
Pittf xxii. After two neck and neck 
votes the same evening, the final numbers 
were 54 against 54. 

1864. London Society^ Oct., 389. 
Number i waltzes all round her affections, 
but No. a sings like ' ten cherubs,' and he 
finds her out at concerts, and comes to five 
o clock tea. It is neck-and-neck between 
Nos. I and 2. 

On (or in) the neck ov^phr. 
(colloquial).— Close upon, or be- 

1598. Shakspeare, I Henry IV.. 
, 3. And IN the neck of that tasked 
the whole state. 


1775. Ash, Diet., s.v., Nrck . . . 
ON the neck, immediately after. 

To WIN (or lose) by a neck, 
verb. phr. (colloquial).— To win 
(or lose) by next to nothing. 

ANYTHING, v^^./Ar. (colloQuial). 
— To get the worst part aone : 
see quot. 

1775. Ash, />/<:/., s. v. Neck ... to 
BREAK THE NECK, to do more than half, to 
hinder from being done. 

verb, phr, (American) — To 
be drunk. See Drinks and 

». 'S55. Brooklyn Journal, 18 April. 
Mr. Schumacher defended his client by 
observing that some of the prisoners' 
attorneys got as often shot in the neck 
as the Under-Sheriff'did in the head. 

Unable to neck it, phr, 
(colloquial). — Lacking moral 

Also su Shut. 

Neck-beef. As coarse as neck- 
beef, phr, (common). — Very 
coarse ; of the poorest quality. 
AsjM^j.=a general synonym for 

Neck-oil, subs, (old). — Drink ; 
lap {jq.v^. 

Neck-stamper, x»^j./^r. (old).— 
See quots. 

C.Z696. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, 8.v. 
Neck-stamper. The Pot-Boy at a Tavern 
or Ale-house. 

1785. Grose. Vnlg. Tongue, s.v. 
Neck-stamper, the boy who collects the 
pots belonging to an ale-house, sent out 
with beer to private houses. 




M ECTAR, subs, (common). — Drink ; 
LAP (^.v.). 

^ ED, subs. (old). — A guinea : 
America a 10 dollar piece. Half 
A NED = half a guinea or 5 dollar 
piece. Also neddy. Sec 


1754. Disccveries 0/ John PouUer^ 
4.Z. They ask change for a nbd or six. 

1789. Parker, Lift's Painter^ • The 
Happy Pair.' WiUi spunk let's post our 


1859. Matsbll, Vocahulum^ s.v. 
Half a nbd. A 5 dollar gold piece. 

2882. McCabb, Ntm Vork, xxxiv., 
509, S.V. 

2. See Neddy. 

NEDA8H, pAr. (old). — See quot., 

1819. Vaux, Memoirs^ s.v. 

1823. Grose, Vulg. 7VMif»^ [Egan], 
S.V. Nedash, of no use. Ibid, Nothing. 

Neddy, subs, (colloquial). — i. An 
ass ; a moke {q.v). Also Ned : 
see Moke. 

1658. Rowley, Tournbur, etc, 
IVt'tch of Edmonton [Southey's Common' 
place Booky ii., 447]. The ass was called 
7>w, as well tsjack and Neddy. 

1790. WoLCOT [P. Pindar], Rowland 
for an Oliver [Wks, (Dublin, 1794), ii., 

413.1 But, Peter, thou art mounted on a 
Nrddy : Or, in the London phrase — thou 
Dev'nshire Monkey, Thy Tegasus b 
nothing but a Donkey. 

181 8. EGAN,^^jr/aMtf,x.,35. Coster* 
mongers, in droves, were seen mounting 
their neddibs. 

2. (colloquial). — A fool; a 


and Cabbage-head. 

1823. Bee, Diet, Turf, 8.v. Neddy 
— sometimes Ass-neger, other names for 
jackass — the living emblem of patience and 
long suffering. 

1855. Thackeray, Nrwcomes^ i. All 
types of all characters march through all 
fables ; tremblers and boasters ; victims 
and bullies } dupes and knaves ; long-eared 
NEDDIES, giving themselves leonine airs. 

3. (Irish) — A large quantity ; 
plenty. Fr. hugrement ; la foul- 
tiiude {subs, ) ; and gourdement. 

4. (thieves'). — See quots. Fr. 
un tourne-clef, 

English synonyms. Billy; 
cosh ; colt. 

1864. Comhill Matr,t vL, 647. Pis- 
tols are seldom carried by them ; the 
weapon is generally a neddy or life* 

1879. J- W. HoRSLEY [Macm. 
Mag., XL., 503]. He said. We shall 
want . . . the stick (iron-barX and bring 
a NEDDIE (life*preserver) with you. 

1884. Referee, az Dec, t, 2. If hus- 
bands left off kicking their wives to death 
. . . and if the neddy and knuckle-duster 
went suddenly out of fashion. 

1897. Brewer, Phrase and Fable, 
S.V. Neddy. A life-preserver ; so called 
from one Kennedy, whose head was broken 
in St. Giles's by a poker. 

5. See Ned. 

Ned-fool, subs. (old). — A 
noisy idiot. See Jack {subs,^ 
sense 8). 

z6oa Nashe, Summer's Last Will 
[DoDSLEY, Old Plays (1874), viii., 6i\, 
Ned pool's clothes are . . . perfumed 
with the beer he poured on me. 

Ned Stokes, subs, (old provin- 
cial). See quot. 

1791. Gent, Mag,, Ixi, 141. The 
Queen of Clubs is here [Ijncs.] called 
Queen Bess , . . the Four of Spades, 
Ned Stokes, for why I don't know. 

Needful (The), subs, (com- 
mon). — Money. See Rhino. 

1771. FooTE, Maid of Bath, ii. 
Then I will straight set about getting 


i8ai. Egan, Life in London, x., iv. 
The diamond necklace ... did not oper- 
ate more strongly , . . than the poor 
woman's flat-iron to raise the needful. 

1836. Comic Almanack, ^$, 'Trans- 
fer day.' Needy men thb needful need. 


27 Needle-dodger, 

1836. Dickens, Pickwich^ xxxviiL 
I pasxedy soon after that precious party, 
and my friends came down with thb 
NEEDFUL for this busincss. 

1857. Hood, Pen and Pencil Pic- 
iures, 153. Let mc have the pleasure of 
lending an old college-mate some of thb 


1864. EiOH School DaySf L, 3. Good* 
bye. Hete's a supply of the needful. 

1889. Lie, Vict. Gaz., 8 Feb. 
Searching for the needful to satisfy so 
just a demand. 

1900. Free Lance ^ 6 Oct., ao, i. I 
am glad to take anything that comes along, 
even if it b only ten per. Someone had to 
get the needful, you know. 

Needham. On the high- 
road to Needhham, phr, (old). 
—See quot. Cf, Peckham, 
Land of Nod, Bedfordshire, 

1670. Ray, Proverbs [Bohk], aai. 
You are on the high-way to Needham. 
Needham is a market-town in this county 
[Suffolk] ; according to the^ vrit of the 
vulgar, they are said to be in the high- 
way thither which do hasten to poverty. 

Needle, subs. (old). — i. A 
sharper ; a thief. 

z8ai. Egan, Life in London^ 138. 
Amongst the needles at the West end of 
the to«m. 

2. (venery). — ^The penis: see 
Prick. Whence needle-woman 
=a harlot {see qaot. 1849). 

163a. Nabbes, Covent Garden^ i., 6. 
Susan. The loadstone of my heart . . . 
pointing still to the North of your love. 
feffery. Indeed, mlstris, 'tis a cold comer ; 
pray tume it to the South, and let my 
needle run in your Diall. 

<r.z68a Earl of Dorset, Poems. 
' On Dolly Chamberlain.' In revenge I 
will stitch Up the hole next her breech, 
With a NEEDLE as long as my arm. 

</.z68o. Rochester, Poetns, *A 
Satire which the King took out of hb 
Pocket.' The seaman's needle nimbly 
points the pole : But thine still turns to 
ev'ry craving hole. 

c.iTaa DuRFBY, Pills to Purre^ vi., 
91. But if by chance a Flaw I find, In 
dressing of the Leather ; I straightway 
whip my Needle out. And I tack 'em 
close together. 

1849. Carlyle, Nigser Question 
[Cent. ed. xxix. 366]. We have thirty 
thousand distressed needlewomen . . . 
who cannot sew at all . . . on the street 
with five hungry senses. 

Verb, (common). — i. To an- 
noy ; to irritate ; TO rile {q.v.). 
To GIVE (or get) the needle 
= to annoy (or be annoyed). 

z88i. G. R. Sims, Dagonet Ballads 
{jPpllyS. There, he's off 1 the young war- 
mint, he's needled. 

1884. Daily Telegraphy 4 Sept., 2, 
2. I felt a bit needled at the sort of 
sneering way Teedy had spoken. 

1887. Punchy 30 July, 45. It give 
'im THE needle in course, being left in 
the lurch in this way. 

1889. sporting Times ^ \ Aug., 3, i. 
He's seen a girl, one of his old flames, pass 
the door. He aoesn't want to needle ner, 
as she's a good little sort. 

z8qi. Lie. yict. Go*. t 3 AmlL This 
seemed to needle Gideon, who, aetermined 
not to be outdone, offered 900 to 100 on 
the field. 

x8o7. Et/ening Standard^ 24 Dec, 
4,5. When one, or both, of two proficient 
antagonists at any sport have taken the 
needle . . . the result, nine times out of 
ten, is an improvement in the exhibition. 

1898. Illustrated Bits, Xmas Na. 
5a Then Maudie gets the needle, and 
she jumps across the floor. And ketches me 
a fair ole rousin' socker on the jore. 

2. (old). — To haggle over a 
bargain. — ^Vaux (1819). 

Also see Spanish needle; St. 
Peter's needle, Knight. 

Needle-and-thread, subs, phr, 
(rhyming). — Bread. 

Needle- BOOK (or -case), subs. 
(venery). — The ierndXe pudendum: 
see Monosyllable. 

Needle- DODQER, subs, (common). 
— ^A dress-maker. 




flEEDLE - POINT, SUhs, (old). — 

A sharper : also needle- 
pointer.— B.E. (r. 1696) ; Grose 
(1785); Vaux (1819); Ency, 
Diet. (1885). 


subs, (tramps*). — See quot. 1823. 
Hence needy-mizzling. 

1 8 19. Vaux, Memoirs ^ s.v. 

1823. Grose, Vulg. Tongue [Egan]. 
*.v. KfKEDY MizzLBR. A poof ragg^ 
of >j«ct of either sex. 

i834« AiNSWORTH, Rookwody III.. V. 
1'hougn a nkedv mizzler mysel, I likes 
to see a cove vol's vel dressed. 

1868. Temple Bar^ xxiv., 536. His 
^ame b needy-mizzling. He'll go with* 
out a shirt, perhaps, and beg one from 
tiotise to house. Ibid. Nbedv-mizzlers, 
mumpers, shallow-coves. 

1893. Emerson, Signor Li^o^ xiv. 
All I get is my kip and a clean mul tog, a 
pair of pollies and a stoock, and what few 
gnedazas I can make out of the lodgers and 


^EEL, adj. (back - slang). — 

Ne'er - BE - lickit, subs, (col- 
loquial Scots). — See quot. 

1885. Enc^cl. Dict.^^v. Ne'er- bb- 
i^fCKiT. Nothmg which could be licked 
by a dog or cat ; nothing whatever. 

Ne'er - do -well, st^s. (collo- 
quial. — See quot. 

1885. Encycl. Dict.^ s.v. ^ Ne'er-do- 
well. One who is never likely to do 

Adj. (colloquial). — Incorrigible. 

1898. Le Oueux, Scribes and 
Pharisees^ v. His two cousins . . . 
looked on the Ne'er-do-well student as 
an interloper. 

NEERQ8, subs, (back • slang). — 

Negqlediqee, subs, (old). — See 

i8a^. Grose, Vulg. Tongue, [Egan]. 
S.V. Negligee. A woman s undressed 
gown, vulgarly termed a nbggledigeb. 

Negotiate, verb, (colloquial).— 
To contrive ; to accomplish. 

1891. Sporting Li/e, 18 Mar. They 
pulled themselves together, and ultimately 
negotiated Hammersmith Bridge in 
better style. 

1891. Daily ChronicUy^o'b/lKr. The 
other two — who also negotiated the same 
distance, namely, a mile and a half— went 
together as usual. 

189a. MiLLiKBN, 'Arry Ballads^ yi. 
To sec him negotiate comers was one of 
the loveliest sights. 

1897.^^ Kennard, Girl in Brown 
Habit, ii. She had negotiated the 
obstacle all right, but if we had happened 
to come to grief, I should have oiamed 
myself a little. 

Neqro, subs, (old : now recog- 
nised). — A black man ; a slave. — 
Grose (1785). 

Neqro-head, subs, (nautical).— 
A brown loaf. — Grose (1796). 

Neqro -N OS' D, adj, (old: now 
recognised). — Flat-nosed. — B. E. 
{c. 1696). 

Neighbourly, adj. (old : now 
recognised). — Friendly; obliging. 
— Diet, Cant, Crew (1696). 

Neman, subs, (American thieves*). 
— Stealing. — Matsell (1859). 

Nenti, adv, (circus). — Nothing : 
cf. Nantie. 

1893. Emerson, Signor Lippo. xx. 
I gets sixteen bob a week . . . and 1 get 
mv kip for nenti here for helping old 
Blower tidy up. 

Nephew, subs, (common). — 
The illegitimate son of a priest : 
see Niece. 

1847. RuxTON, Far West, 145. They 
were probably hb nieces and nefhews— 
a class of relations often possessed in num- 
bers by priests and monks. 




Nestling, stibs, (old: now re- 
cognised). —^quot. 1696. 

£.1696. B. E., Did, Cant. Crewy s.v. 
Nestling, Canary-Birds brought up by 

1728. Bailey, Diet, 8.v. 

phr, (old). — 5^quot. 

(.1696. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, 8.V. 
Nestling. What a Nestling you keep, 
how restless and uneasy you are. 

Nestor, subs. (Winchester Col- 
lege). — An undersized boy. 

Net. All is fish that combs 
TO NET, phr. (colloquial). — All 
serves the purpose. 

167a Ray, Proverbs [Bohn], 160, 


183a Buckstone, Wreck Ashore, 
\\.. 4. We are not on one of our Spanish 
Islands, where all's kish that comes to 


N etgen , subs, (back - slang ). — 
Half a sovereign : see Rhino 
[net = ten -f GEN {q.v.)=2i shill- 

Nether - end (or -eye), subs. 
(venery). — The (emale pudeftdum: 
see Monosyllable. Whence 


or lashes) = the pubic hair ; 
NETHER-LiPS = the labia majora ; 
NETHER-WORK = groping or copu- 

1363. Chaucer, Cant. Tales, Miller's 
Tale, 666 [Skeat (1895), i., v., ixx]. Thus 
swyvcd was thc^ carpenteres wyf. For al 
his ke];>inff and his lalousye ; and Absolon 
hath kbt bir nether ye. 

d. 1749. Robertson of Struan,/'<vwj, 
126. At th'upper End she Cracks her 
Nuts, While at the nether end her 

Netherlands (The), subs. 
(venery). — A man's or woman's 

Nettle, verb, (common). — To 
annoy ; to provoke ; TO rile 
ig.V.); TO NEEDLE {q V.). To 

be peevish or out of temper ; 
NETTLED = (i) annoycd, and (2) 
afflicted (Amer. Matsell, 1859); 


— B.E. {c. 1696') ; Grose (1785). 

a.isga. Greene, George a Greene, 
307 [Urosart, fVorks (z886), xiv., 139], 
There are few fellowes in our parish so 
NETLED with loue as I haue bene of late. 

162^ Massingbr, Parliament of 
Love, iii., i. Nov. We have nettled 
hinu Peri. Had we stung him to death, 
it were but justice. 

1 641. Milton, Animad. upon the 
Retnons. Def., etc. But these are the 
NETTLERS, these are the blabbing books 
that tell. 

1767. Fawkes, Theocritus, Idyl 5. 
I've NETTLED somebody full sore. 

1847. Tennyson, Princess, x., 161. 
I, tho' nettled that he seem'd to slur . . . 
Our formal compact. 

z85i*6x. Mayhbw, Lond, Lab., iii., 

331. Of course he was NETTLED. 

1895. Marriott • Watson [Hew 
Review, July 3]. As for that, I said, for 
I was NETTLED at his sneering. 

Nettle in, dock out, phr. 
(old). — Fickleness of purpose ; 
thing after thing ; place after 

X369. Chaucer, Troi. andCres., v. 
Nettle in, dock out, now this, now 
that, Pandare? 

f.1696, B. K, Diet. Cant. Crew, s.v. 
Nettled. In dock, out nettle, upon 
the change of Places, when one is no sooner 
out, but another is in his Place. 

Also see Rose. 

Nettle- BED, subs, (children's).— 
See quot. : cf. Parsley-BED and 
GoosEBERRY-BusH : see Mono- 

1875. Notes and Queries, 5 S., iii., 
'Babies in Folk-lore.' In England every 
little girl knows that male babies come 
from VOK. NETTLE-BED, and the female ones 
from the parsley*bed. 




Newcome, siibs, (common). — A 
new arrival ; a fresh face : as a 
freshman at college ; a new mid- 
shipman ; a new baby. Also 
Johnnie Newcome. 

i8ac. Egan, Z(^ in London^ Noc- 
turnal Hells, There were some n«w- 
COMES. [The name given to any new faces 
or persons among the usual visitants in a 
gambling house). 

18a:). Bbb, DicL 
Newcome Johnny. 

Turfy tiCf S.V. 

New- DROP, subs, (old). — See quot. 

1788. Grose, K«^. Tong^e^ s.v. 
New drop. The scaffolcT used at Newgale 
for hanging criminals ; which dropping 
down, leaves them suspended. By this 
improvement, the use of that vulgar vehicle, 
a cart, is entirely left off. 

New England of the We8t,x»^^. 

phr. (American). — The State of 
Minnesota. [Many New Eng- 
landers settled there]. 

Newgate, subs, (old). — A gaol: 
specifically the prison for the City 
of London : see qnots. 1592 and 
1823. Also Newman's Hotel 

(or TEA-GARDENS: MAN's (Old 

Cant.) =a place). Hence, New- 
gate-bird (or Newgate-night- 
ingale = a thief, sharper, or 
gaol-bird ; Newgate (or Ty- 
burn) COLLAR, fringe, OI 
FRiLL=a collar-like beard worn 
under the chin ; Newgate-frisk 
= a hanging ; Newgate- 
knocker = a lock of hair like 
the figure 6, twisted from the 
temple back towards the ear 
(chiefly in vogue 1840-50 — see 
Aggerawators) ; Newgate- 
ring = moustache and beard 
as one, without whiskers ; New- 
gate - saint = a condemned 
criminal; TO dance the New- 
gate-horn pipe = to be hanged ; 
Newgate-solicitor = a petti- 
fogging attorney ; Born on New- 

gate-steps = of thievish origin; 
AS black as Newgate = very 
black ; Newgate seize me= 
* the gaol be my portion ' ; New- 
MANVLiFT = the gallows. 

C.I 531. Copland, Hyewav to S^tUl- 
hous [Hazlitt, Pop. Po€t^ IV., 41). By 
my fayth, nvghtvngales of Newgate : 
These be they that dayly walkes and jettes. 

1592. Nash, Pierce Penilesse . . . 
Nbwgatb ... a common name for all 
prisons as homo is a conunon name for a 
man or woman. 

1598. Shakspbarb, I Henry IV., 
ill., 3. Must we all march ? Yes, two ana 
two, Nbwgatb fashion. 

1607. Dbkkbr, Jests [Grosart, 
IVorks (x886), iL, 343]. Our Newgate- 
bird . . . spreading his Dragon-like wings, 
. . . beheld a thousand Synnes. 

1677.^ Thomas Otwav, Cheats of 
Scafiuy i., I. Newgate-bird . . . what 
a trick hast thou played me in my absence. 

17^2. Ozell, Miser ^ i,, 3. Out of 
my House, thou sworn Master-Catpurse, 
true Newgate-bird. 

1823. Grose, Vulg. Tongue [Egan), 
S.V. Nbwman's-hotbu 

1823. Bee, Diet, Turf etc^ s,v. 
Newgate. A house of entertainment for 
rogues of every description. . . . The 
name^ itself has been . . . naturalized in 
Dublin, as also in Manchester, where the 
sessions-house is modernized into New 
Bailey. The old building . . . stood 
across the entrance to Newgate Street ; 
and probably had its name from . . . 
having been the newest of all the gates 
that then choked up the accesses to the 
metropolis. Ibid. Newgate Steps, figura- 
tive for a low or thievish origin. Before 1780, 
these steps . . . were much freouentea by 
rogues and w — s connected with tne inmates 
of that place : some might be said to have 
received their education there, if not their 
birth. Ibid. As black as Newgate is 
said of a street Lady's lowering counten- 
ance, or of her muslin-dress, when either is 
changed from the natural serene. Ibid. 
Newgate seize me if I do, there now 1 
is an asseveration of the most binding 
nature, when both parties may be following 
the same course of life. 

1829. Maginn, The Pickpockets 
C haunt [Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1896), 
fosi, xiii. And we shall caper a-hecl and 
toeing A Newgate hornpipe some fine 

New Settlements. 



z7o8-za ^'<9t\rr^PoUteCom>ersatumSt 
L Miss. Lord 1 Mr. Nevtrout^ you are as 
pert as a Pearmoneer this Morning. 
l^exferout. Indeed, Miss, vou are yery 
handsome. Miss. Poh ! I know that 
already *, tell mb news. 

New Settlements, subs, phr, 
(old Oxford Univ.). — See quot. 

i8a> Grose, Vulg. Tongtte [EksAN], 
8.V. New Sbttlbmbnts, Finid reckoning. 

Newtown- PI ppin,x»3j. (common). 
— A dgar : see Weed. 

NEWYy subs, (Winchester Colle^). 
— The *cad* paid to look Mter 
the canvas tent in * Commoner ' 

New York qrab, subs, phr, 
(American). — 

1858. W. W. Pratt, 7V» NighU 
in a Bar-room^ L, i. First throw, or 
New York grab ? 

N.F.,J«^J. (printers*). — A knowing 
tradesman. [An abbreviation of 

* no flies ']. 

H,Qi,i phr, (common). — *No go'; 

* no good * ; of no avail. 

1888. CincinHotti Wtekly Gtuette, 
92 Feb. His claim was n.g. 

N.H. (That is, Norfolk Howard), 
subs, phr, (common). — ^A bug. 
[From one Bugg who, it is said, 
so changed his name in 1863]. 

N1A8, subs, (old). — ^A simpleton. 
[From the Fr. niais'], 

16 16. Ben Jonson, TM^ Devits oh 
Ass, L, 3. Laugh'd at, sweet bird I Is 
that the scruple? come, come, Thou art 


Nib (or Nib-cove), subs, (bes|rars'). 
— I. A gentleman. Wience 
HALF-NiBS=one who apes gen- 
tility (Fr. un herz) ; Niblike (or 
nibsomb) = gentlemanly ; NiB- 
sOMEST-CRiBS=the best houses. 
— Vaux (1819) ; Grose (1823). 
Cf, Nibs. 

18-^4. AiNSWORTH. Rockwood, III., 
V. He's a rank nib. loid. And ne'er was 
there seen such a dashing prig, ... All 
my togs were so niblike. 

X819. Reynolds^ Pickwick Ahrwia, 
223. Betray his pals in a nibsomb game. 

2. See Neb. 

3. (printers'). — ^A fool. 

Verb, (old).— I. To catch; to 
arrest; to nab {q,v.), — Vaux 
(1819) ; Goose (1823). 

2, See Nibble. 

Nibble, verb, (old).— i. To catch ; 
to steal. Also to cheat. Whence 

petty thief or fraudulent dealer : 
see quot., 18 1 9. 

1608. MiDDLBTON, Trick to Catck 
the Old Oru, i., 4. The rogue has spied 
me now : he nibbled me finely once. 

1775. Old S<mg LFarmIsr, Musa 
Pedestris (i 396), 54]. For nibbing cull^ 
I always hate. 

X819. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. Nibble, 
to pilfer trifling articles, not having spirit 
to touch anything of consequence. 

1823. Bee, Diet. Turf, etc., s.v. 
Nibble. I only nibbled half a bull for 
my regulars [=1 only got a half-crown 
for my share]. There now I feel you 
NIBBLING : said by thieves when they are 
teaching each other to pick pockets. 

1823. Grose, Vu^. Tongue 
[Egan], S.V. Nibbler. a pilferer, or 
petty thief. 

1841. W. T. Moncribpp, Tke 
Scamfs of London, iiL, x. You are 
spliced—NiBBLBD at last— well, I wish 
you Joy. 

2. (venery). — To copulate. Also 


and Ride. 

3. (colloquial). — To consider a 
bargain, or an opportunity, ea^jerly 
but carefully : as a fish considers 

To GET a NIBBLE, verb, phr. 
(tailors*).— To get an easy job. 




1696. Aubrey, MiseeL^ sa This 
dream . . made him get up very^ early ; 
he NICKED the time, and met with the 
waggoner iust at the very door, and asked 
him what he had in his cart. 

i69i>a. G<ntUmen*s Journal^ J*"-{ 
p. 39. It seems he nicic'd the critical 

1714. Lucas, GamesUrSy 62. He 
conjur'd that Beldam to nick the oppor> 

1833. MoNCRiBFF, Tom 6r* Jerry 
[Dick], pj. 6. Tom, You've nicked it; 
the fact is this, Dicky — ^you must turn 
missionary. Here is a young native from 
the country, just caught, whom you must 

1831. C Lamb, Satan in Starch of 
a Wi/iy 1., xii. ' I wish my Nicky is not 
in love' — 'O mother, you have nicked 
it ' — And he tum'd his head aside with a 

X883. Fields ai Jan. The ^ white 
[greyhound] nicked up on the inside for 
two or three wrenches. 

1 891. Sporiing Li/e^ 26 March. As 
he interfered with Innisheen, it perhaps 
saved an objection when the latter just 
nicked the verdict by the shortest of 

8. (old). — To nickname. 

1634. Ford, Perkin Warbeck^ iv., 
3. Warbeck, as you nick him, came to 

1689. Princess of Cleve. Believe 
me, sir, in a little time you'll be nick'd 
the town-bull. 

9. (old). — ^To catch ; to arrest. 

170a CiBBBR, lAtve Makes a Man^ 
v., 3. Well, madam, you see I'm punctual 
—you've nick'd your man, faith. 

1759. Town LEV, High Life Below 
Stairs^ li., x. You have just nicked them 
in the very minute. 

</.i8t7. Holm AN, Abroad and at 
Home^ iL, 3. He had nicked his man, 
and accosted me accordingly. We lost 
one another in the crowd, and he departed 
in his error. 

1835. Selbv^ Catching an Heiress^ 
I. I've nicked It ! 

1836. Marry AT, Japhtt, IviL That 
is the other fellow who attacked me, and 
ran away. He has come to get off his 
accomplice, and now we've just nicked 
them Dolh. 

X84X. Lytton. Night and Momin^^ 
XI., iv. I must be off— tem^us fugit^ 
and I must arrive just in time to nick 
the vessels. Shall get to Ostend or 
Rotterdam, safe and snug; thence to 

1893. Emerson, Signor Li/po^ xvii. 
I found my way back to Vestminster, got 
palled in with a lot more boys, done a nit 
of gonoffiqg or anything to get some posh, 
but It got too hot, all my p^ got nicked, 
and I chucked it and done a bit of coster- 
ing and that's how I lost my eye. 

X896. Farjeon, Betray, of John 
Fordham^ iii. 279. Louis had plenty of 
money to sport ; e'd been backin winners. 
Maxwell 'ad been nicked the other way 
through backin' losers. 

10. (common). — To compare or 
jump with. 

1887. Bury and Hillier, Cycling, 
337. Only one sport nicks with cycling. 

11. (old). — To indent a beer 
can ; to falsify a measure by 
indenting and frothing up. 

i6a8. Li/e of Robin Goo4felUrw 
[Halliwell]. There was a tapster, that 
with his pots smallnesse, and with frothing 
of his drinke, had got a good somme of 
money t(^ether. This nicking of his pots 
he would never leave. 

^.1636. London Chanticleers^ Sc. s* 
The sleights of nicking and frothing he 
scorns as too common. 

12 (venery). — To copulate : 
see Greens and Ride. 

To NICK THE PIN, verb. phr. 
(old).— To drink fairly.— B. E. 
\c. 1696). 


POST, verb. phr. (old). — See 

1 847. Halliwell, A rchaic A» Prov. 
Wordsy 8.V. Nick. To knock a nick in 
THE POST, I.e., to make a record of any 
remarkable event. This is evidently an 
ancient method of recording. 

Out of all nick, cuiv. phr. 
(old). — Past counting. 

'595. Shakspeare. TwoGeKt.;\\,,:i, 
I tell you what Launce, his man, told me, 
ne lov d her otrr of all nick. 




Out on the nick, ///r. 
(thieves'). — Out thieving; ON the 
PINCH {q.v.). 


phr. (old).— To deny. 


nsa William o/ PaUrtu, (E. E. 
T. S.), 4145. Zif sche nickes with nay 
& nd nouzt com sone. 

(?]. Romattce 0/ AtheUtone, On 
ber knees they kneleden adoun, And 
prayden bym oflfhysbenysouDlhe nykkyo 


182a Scott, Abbot ^ xxxviiL As I 
have but one boon to ask, I trust you will 
noc NICK me with nay. 

Nicks. Sm Nix. 

Nickel, mbs, (American). — A five- 
cent piece. 

1857. New York Herald. 97 May. 
The new cent creates ^atte aAtror, It 
is a neat, handy com, and will soon 
supplant the cumbersome copper one. 
* Nary red ' will soon be an obsolete 
phrase among the boys, and ' nary nickbl ' 
will take its place. 

Nicker, suds, (old).— A dandy 


NlCkERER8, subs. pi. (Scots').— 'A 
cant term for new shoes.' — 
Jamieson (1808). 

N1CKERIE8, (old).— < Nick- 
BRIES are the same [as Nick- 
names] applied to actions and 
things, or quid pro quo.* — Bee 

NiCKEY. See NiKiN and Old Nick. 

Nick-nack, subs, (old : now recog- 
nised). — I. A trifle; a toy; a curio. 
Also knick-knack. See Knack. 
sense 2. Hence, nick-nackatory, 


—Grose (1785). 

158a G. Harvey, Two Other 
Letters^ &*c.t «n IVks. (Grosart), i., 80. 
Jugling castes and knickknackes, in 
comparison of these. 

1618. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Loyal Subject^ it , i. But if ye use these 
KNICK-KNACKS, This fast and loose, with 
faithful men and honest, You'l be the first 
will find it 

^ </.i682. T. Brown, in Works (1760), 
iL, 15. For my part, I keep a knick- 
NACKATORY or toy-shop. 

1726. Terra Filius^ No. 34, iL, 183. 
I went with two or three fhends, who 
were members of the University, to the 
museum, vulgarly called the nick-nack- 


1750. Fielding, Tom Jones^ viil, 
X. Besides the extraordinary neatness of 
the room, it was adorned with a i^reat 
number of nicknacks, and curiosities, 
which might have engaged the attention 
of a virtuosa 

1753. Richardson, GremdisoHy v., 
71 (ed. 18x3)1 I know he has judgement 
m NiCK-KNACKATORiES, and even as much 
as I wish him in what is called taste. 

1790. MoRisoN, PoentSy 458. And in 
the kist, twa webs of wholsesome dalth ; 
Some ither nick nacks, sic as pot and 
pan. Cogues, caps, and spoons, I at a 
raffle wan. 

183^ Miss Fbrribr, Inkeritance^ 
L , 86. His dressing-room is a perfect show, 
so neat and nick-nacky. 

2849. LvTTON, CcuetonSf i., iv. One 
of those fancy stationers common in 
country towns, and who sell all kinds of 
pretty toys and nick-nacks. 

1876. HiNDLEV, Adventures 0/ a 
Cheap Jacky 7. Chimney ornaments and 
her sideboard nick-nackery on the Pem- 
broke table. 

2 (venery). — The female pu- 
dendum : see Monosyllable. 

3. in//, (venery). — The testes ; 
CODS {g.v.). 

Nickname, xt^j. (old : now recog- 
nised). — A name invented in 
derision, contempt, or reproach. 
[M. E. Oft ekenatiu = an agnomen]. 
—Grose (1785) ;'JBee (1823). 

2836. Dickens, Pickwick^ xvL A 
very good name it [Job] is ; only one I 
know that aint got a nickname to it. 

Verb, (colloquial). — To miscall 
in contempt, derision, or reproach. 




NiCiC-liiliMY, SMbs. pkr. (oW)-— A 
fiat<atd»cr.— R E. {c. 1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

NiCic-POT, mbs. (old).— A stealer of 
publican's pots^ 

1600. Rowi.AXT>s, Grtemes Gkasi^ 
«- A neceMarie caveat far Tictnallers 
and xiCK-pi^rs. 

NlCIOIIi, subs. (old). — S<£ qaoL 

£.1696. B. E., DicL Cmnl. Crew, s.t. 
NiCKUM. A sharper; abo a Rookii^ 
Ak-booae or lonkeeper. Vintner, or any 

NiDDlCOCK, subs, (old). — A fool. 

1587. HoUNSHEO, Disc, 0/IrtlMMd, 
G. ^ coL I a. Tbey were never such 
fond NiDOicocKES as to offer any man a 
rodde to beate their owne tayles. 

1654. Gayton, Festwous Notes, p. 
61. Oh, Chrysostome, thou . . . deserv> 
est to be stak'd as well as tmried in the 
open fields, for being sudi a goose, widgeon, 
and MOOECOCK, to dye for love. IbuL 
Shee wasjuset soch another niodecook as 
Joan Gutierez. 

HiODiPOLf subs, (old). — A fool. 

1583. Stanvhurst, Vig^l : jEneid, 
iv., zia What niddipol hare brajrne. 

NiOQET. See NiGiT. 

Niece, subs, (common). — A priest's 
illegitimate daaghter, or concu- 
bine : whence the expression, ' No 
more character than a priest's 


1848. RuxTON, L\fe in the Far 
West, p. 145. They were probably his 


NiFFNAFFY, 0^3^'. (old). —Fastidious; 
trifling.— Grose (1785). 

1815. Scott. Gmv Manner ing, xUv. 
NiKF-NAFFV gentles that gae sae muckle 
fast wi' their fancies. 

NIFTY, adj, (American).— Conspi. 
cuous : smart. 

1869. S. I^ Clkmsns ('Mark 
Twain i, TJu lumfcemts mi Heme, iL He 
was always nifty himself, and so yoa bet 
Ins funeral ain't going to be do skmch. 

NiQ, subs, in //. (old). — I. The 
dippings of money. Ako nig, 
tvrjj. = to clip money. — B. E. 
{c. 1696) ; Grose (1785). 

2. (American). — A negro. [Ab- 
breviatioo of * nigger ']. Su 

18S0. Hearts Mem;., Lacviil, 248. 
Some of the little kigs have no clothes at 

3. (back-slang). — Gin. See 
Drinks and White Satin. 

Verb, (old).— 1. To catch. See 
Nab and Nick. 

Z754. Scoundrtrs Diet. Tho' he 
dps tnem the Pikes ihey nig him again. 

2. (venery). — See Niggle. 

3. (American). — To revoke: 
at cards. Also rb-nig. 

NiQQER. Nigger in the fence, 
subs, pkr, (American). — An 
miderhand design, motive, or 

NlQQER-BABY, stibs, pkr, (Ameri- 
can Civil War). — A monster 
projectile : as used at the si^e 
of Charleston. [Attributed to 
Creneral Hardie of the Confed- 
erate Army]. See Swamp Angel. 

NlQQER-DRiviNQ, subs, (coUoquial). 
— Exhausting with work. 

1880. G. R. Sims. Three Brass 
Balls ^ Pledge xiv. In the worst days of 
Amencan slavery never was there such 
NiGGKK-DRiviNG as that practised syste- 
matically by the wholesale drapery trade. 

NiQQER-LUCK, subs, pkr. (Ameri- 
can). — Very good fortune. 

1888. The Critic, 14 Ap. I am 
cussed, he howled to a crowd of his own 
stripe, if any darned rebel can have such 
NIGGER LUCK and enjoy it while I live. 
You can bet I'll soon settle that. 




NlQQER-SPiT, subs, phr, (popular). 
—The half-candied lumps m cane 

NiQQLE (or Nig), verb. (old). — i. Su 
quots., Greens and Ride. Also 
Niggling, subs. = Copulation. — 
B. E. {c. 1696) ; Grose (1785). 

T567. Harman, Caveat (1814), p. 66. 
To NYGLB, to have to do with a woman 

1608. Dbkker, Lanthome and 
CtmdUUgkt [Grosart, Works (1886), 
iil, 203]. If we NIGGLE, or mill a bowzing 

x6xa Rowlands, Martin Mark-all^ 
p. 39 (H. Club's Rept. Z874X Nigung, 
company keeping with a woman : this 
worn is not used now, but vtaj^ingy and 
thereof comes the name wapping morts, 

1612. Dekker, ^ Bing out^ bun 
Marts ^ V. [Farmer, Musa Pedestris 
(1896), xi]. And wapping Dell that 
NIGGLES well, and takes Toure for her 

164 1. Bromr, Jovial Crew [Far- 
mer, Musa Pedestris (1896),"" 25). The 
autum-mort finds better sport In bowsing 
than in nigling. 

2. (common). — ^To trifle. Also 
Niggling = trifling. — Grose 


2633. BIassinger, Emperor of the 
Eastt v., 3." Take heed, daughter, You 
niggle not with your conscience. 

3. (artists'). — To attend exces- 
sively to detail ; to work on a 
small scale, with a small brush, 
to a small purpose. 

1883. W. Black, Yolande^ ch. xlix. 
Do you think Mr. Meteyard could get 
that portrait of you finished off to-day? 
Bless my soul, it wasn't to have been a 
portrait at all ! — it was only to have been 
a sketch. And he has kept on niggling 
and niggling away at it— why ? 

Night, sitSs. (old). — Combinations 
are Night-bird {q.v.) ; night- 
cap {g,v.")\ night-fossicker 
(Australian mining) = a nocturnal 
thief of quartz or dust : whence 

NIGHT - fossicking ; night- 
gear (or -piece) = a bedfellow, 
male or female ; night-hawk 

HOUSE = (i) a public-house 
licensed to open at night, 
and (2) a brothel ; night-hun- 
ter =(i) a poacher, and (2) a 

night-bird (q.V.) ; night-jury 

= a band of night brawlers : 
night - magistrate = (i) the 
head of a watch-house, whence 
(2) a constable ; night-man = 
see quot., 1785, and gold- 
finder ; night - PHYSIC (or 
-WORK) = copulation : night- 
rale (or -RAIL) = (I) night 
apparel, and (2) a combing- 
cloth ; night-shade = night- 
bird, 2 {q.V.) ; night-sneaker 
= see quot., 1598 ; N IGHT- WAL- 
KER = night-bird iq.v), whence 
NIGHT- WALKING = prowling at 
night for robbery, prostitution, 

1598. Florid, Worlde of IVordes^ 
p. 105. Wanton or effeminate lads, night 

1598. Shakspbare, 2 Hen. IV., iiL, 
9. Shallow. And is Jane Nightwork 
alive ? . . . She was a bona-roba . . . cer- 
tun she's old, and had Robin Nightwork 
by old Nightwork before I came to 
Clement's Inn. 

^.i6oa Grim the Collier [Dodslev, 
Old Plays (1874), viii., 463]. Except my 
poor Joan here, and she is my own 
proper night-gear. 

X632. Massingbb, Maid 0/ Honour^ 
iL, 2. Which of your grooms, Your 
coachman, fool, or footman, ministers 
night-physic to you ? 

16^7. Massinger, Guardian^ iii., 5. 
Now I think I had ever a lucky hand 
in such smock night-work. 

1639. Mayne, City MeUch^ v., 7. 
Panders, avoid my house ! O devil ! are 
you my wife's night-pieces. 

c.i6o6« B. E., Diet. Cant. Crrw, 
S.V., Night-rale. A woman's combing 
cloth, to dress her head in. /tid. Night- 

Ntght-and'day. 42 


X725. Neat Cant, Dici.t s.v. Night- 

1785- Grose, VuL Tonguf^ s.v. 
Nightman, one whose business it is to 
empty necessary^ houses in London, which 
is always done in the night, the operation 
is called a wedding. Ibid. Night-magis- 


1835. Dickens, Sketches by Bos^ i. 
The night-houses are closed. 


phr. (common). — To spend the 
night in drinking, whonng, gam- 
ing, etc. 

NlQHT-AND-DAY, XM^J. /^r. (rhym- 
ing). — The play. 

or -WALKER), subs, (old). — I. A 
thief working by night. — B. E. 
{c. 1696) ; New 'Cant. Did. 


X544. Ascham, Toxo^hilus, Men 
that hunt so be privy stealers, or night 

162a Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Chances^ iL i. Sure these fellows Were 
might snaps. Ibid. Th* Night walker. 
or tK* LittU Thie/\J\\\ft\. 

162J. Webster, Duchess of Malfi, 
iL, I. If you hear the common people 
curse you, be sure you are taken for one 
of the prime night-caps. 

1637. Massinger, Guardian^ v., 2. 
Ador. You have been, Before your lady 
gave you entertainment, A nicht-walkbk 
m the streets. Mirt. How, my good 
lord ! Ador. Traded in picking pockets. 

C.1819. Old Song [Farmer, Mtisa 
Pedestris (j^\ 83]. A night bird oft 
I'm in the cage. 

2. (old). —A harlot. Also 
NIGHT-PIECE (or -SHADE) : see 

Night.— B. E. (r. 1696); New 
Cant, Diet, (1725). 

1 61 a. Beaumont and Fletciiek, 
Coxcomb^ ii., a. Here conieji a night- 


r63a Massinger, Picture^ i., 2. .\11 
kinds of females, from the night-trader, 
in the street. 

C.ijorj. Durfey, Pills to Purge, iiL, 
99. Now Miss turn night-walker. 

3. (common). — A bully ; a 
street brawler. Also (in bands), 


1664. Etherbgb, Comical Revenge^ 
iv., 2. Grace. Do you take me for a 
night-walker. Sir? 

169^ CoNGREVE, Old Batchelor. 
i., 5. The knight was alone, and had 
faillen into the hands of some night- 
walkers, who, I suppose, would have 
pillaged him. 

1708. Hatton. New V'iew 0/ London 
[quoted in Ashton s Soc. Life in Reign of 
O. Anne\ viL, 238. Loose and disorderly 
Servants, Night-walkers, Strumpets, 

4. (old). — A bellman ; a watch' 
man. — B. E. {c, 1696) ; New 
Cant, Diet. (1725). 

NiQHT-CAP, subs, (common). — I. 
The last drink ; a dodger {q,v,)» 

1840. Haliburton, Clocihnaker, 3rd 
S., xL Suppose we have brandy cocktail, 
it's as 'Utut as good a night-cap as I 
know on. 

1843.^ MoNCRiEFP, The Scamps of 
London J L, 2. You've had your night- 
cap, a little daffy. 

1843. Hemdlev Cross , xxiv. Mr. 
Jorrocks celebrated the event with ... a 
NIGHT-CAP of the usual beverage. 

1883. Greenwood, ' Seaside In- 
sanity' in Odd People in Odd Places, 
p. 51. Who would begrudge them their 
pilfered repast, or the stiff of gin or 
brandy and water on which their parents 
and the maid -of-all- work regale after sup- 
per, and by way of a nightcap. 

2. (old). — The cap pulled over 
the face before execution. See 
Horse's night-cap. 

1681. Dialogue on Oxford Parlia- 
ftunt [Harl. MSS., 11., 125]. He better 
desepres to go up Holbowm in a wooden 
chariot and have a horse night-cap put on 
at the further end. 




[?]. MS. Trim. CoU. Oxon., 57. 
Nym, he seydc, this ihief Faslc in alle 
wyse, And wyn of him the tresotir, And 
make him do sarrifyse. 

1 1;86. The Booke 0/ Hunting [quoted 
by riALLiWELLj. Then boldly blow the 
prize thereat, Your play for to nime or ye 
come in. 

f. 1600-62. Comnum Cries of London 
[Collier, Roxburgh* Ballads (1847), 
213]. And some there be . . . That pinch 
the countryman With nimming of a fee, 

x6o6. John Day, //* 0/ Guls^ iii., 
p. 67. As I led him to his Chamber I 
NiMDE his Chayne and drew his Purse, 
and next morning perswaded him he lost 
it in the great Chamber at the Reuels. 

1608. PenniUs Pari, in Harl. Misc. 
(ed. Park), i., 182. To the great Impo- 
verishing of all MMMERS, lifters, and cut- 

1634. T. ToMKis ff), Albumazar^ 
iii., 7. Met you with Ronca? 'tis the 
cunning'st nimmbr Of the whole company 
of Cul^urse Hall. 

1637. Massingbr, Guardian^ v., 2. 
I am not good at nimming. 

1640. . Rawlins. The Rebellion^ iiL 
If our hell afford a devil, but I see none, 
unless he appear in a delicious remnant 
of nim'd satin. 

1663. Butler, Hudibrasy i., i., 508. 
Examine Venus, and the Moon, VVho 
stole a thimble or a spoon . . . They'l 
question Mars, and by his look Detect 
who 'twas that nimm'd a Cloke. 

1664. Butler, Hud^ n., iii., 209. 
Booker's^ Lilly s^ Sarah Jimmers And 
Blank-Schemes to dis<over Nimmbrs. 

c.\6^. B. E., Diet. Cant. Creiv. s.v. 
Nim. Nim a togeman — to steal a clank. 
Nim a cloak. To cut off the buttons in a 
crowd, or whip it off a man's shoulders. 

d. 1704. Lestrange, IVorks [Johnson]. 
They could not keep themselves honest 
of ineJr fingers, but would be nimming 
something or other for the love of thieving. 

1727. Gay, Beggar's Opera^ ii., 2. 
I must now step home, for 1 expect the 
gentleman about this snuff-box that Filch 
nim MED two nights ago in the park. 

1728. Bailey, Eng. Dict.y 5. v. 

1785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue ^ s.v. 

1823. Bee, Diet. Turfy dr»c., s.v. 

1831. C. \j,K}A^yHerculesPacificatuSy 
in Englishman's Ma^. And whatsoe'er 
they nimm'd, she hid it. 

1836. Smith, The Individualy 'The 
Thieves* Chaunt,' 5. But because she 
lately nimm'd some tin, They have sent 
her tolods^e at the King's Head Inn. 

Nimble, adj. (colloquial). — Easy- 
got ; quickly * turned-over ' : of 
money. Cf. Ninepence. 

1898. Le Queux, Scribes andPJkari- 
sees, viii. The baronet was not very 
wealthy, and allowed his name to appear 
as director of certain companies, and 
pocketed fees ranging from the nimble 
half-sovereign to the crisp and respectable 
five-pound note. 

Nimble as a cat on a hot 

- bakestone (or hot bricks), 

pAr. (common). — As nimble as 

may be ; in a hurry to get away ; 

alert ; on the qui-vive. Also as 


Ray (1676). 
NiMENOQ,j//^j.(old). — Afool. Also 

NIGMENOG.—B. E. (1696). 
NlMQIMMER,X2/^^. (old).— 5<;^quot. 

— Grose (1785 and 1S23). 

1696. B. E., Diet. Cant. CreWy si. v. 
NiM-GiMMSR. A Doctor, Surgeon, Apo- 
thecary or any one that cures a Clap or 
the Pox. 

Nimrod, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 
hunting-man ; a sportsman. 

1599.^ Hakluyt, VoyageSyW., i., ^09. 
These mighty Nimrous fled, some into 
holes and some into mountaines. 

1765. Blackstone, Comm.y iv., 416. 
The ^ame laws have raised a little Nim- 
rod in every parish. 

1823. Bee, Diet. Turfy s.v. 

1887. Athemrum, 13 Au^., ao8, r. 
To the former (old sportsmen) he will re- 
call events almost forgotten concerning the 
NiMRODS of a past generation. 

2. suds, (venery). — The pern's. 
[Because * a mighty hunter']. See 
Creamstick and Prick. 




1830. London Mag.^ L, 35. He was 
always togged out to the nines. 

xSai. QKLT^Ayrshirt Legatees yVvCx, 
He's such a funny man, and touches oflf 
the Londoners to the nines. 

2823. Wilson, Nodes Ambrosia$uet 
L, 315. That young chiel Gibb hits off a 
simple scene o nature to the nines. 

1856. Reade, Never too Laie^ Ixv. 
Bran>new, polished to the nine. 

18791 HowELLS, Lisdy 0/ the Aroo- 
stookt xxviL I'd know as I see anything 
wrong in bis kind of dressin' up to the 
NINES, as you mav say. As long's he's got 
the money, I don t see what harm it is. 

1891. Gould, Double Events 31. 
You do things up to the nines here. 

NlNE-SHiLLlNQS, Jf^^. /Ar. (rhym- 
ing). — Nonchalance. 

Nine-spot. Only a nine-spot, 
phr, (American). — Indifferent ; of 
small account [The nine at cards 
rarely counts for a trick]. 

Nine-tail bruiser (or mouser), 
subs. phr. (prison). — The cat-o*- 
nine- tails. 

Nineways. To look nine ways 
(or NINE ways for Sundays), 
verb. phr. (common). — To squint. 

154a. Udall, A^hih. 0/ Erasmus^ 
303 (Note). Squyntyied he was and looked 


Nine winks, subs. phr. (old). — ^A 
short nap : cf. FORTY-WINKS. — 
Bee (1823). 

NiNQLE. See Ingle. 

NiNQ-NANQ, subs, (veterinary). — A 
worthless thoroughbred. 

HxHHY, subs, (old).— I. A fool: see 
Buffle and Cabbage-head. 
Also ninny-hammer, and hence 
NINNY - HAMMERING = foolish- 
ness.— B. E. {c. 1696); New Cant. 
Diet. (1725) ; Grose (1785). 

1593.^ Nashb, Strange Nerves ^ in 
Works f iL, 953. Whoreson ninihammer, 
that wilt assault a; man and have no 
stronger weapons. 

1598. Florio, Worlde 0/ Wordu^ 
Fagnone ... an idle loytring gull, a 


1606. Marston, The Fawne^ iL, x. 
A foole? Acoxecombe? A ninny-hammer? 

1604. Yorkshire Trag.^ i., a. Why 
the more fool she ; Ay, the more ninny> 
HAMMER she. 

1609. Shakspearb, Tempest^ iii., 2. 
What a pied ninny's this. 

1609. Field, Woman is a Weather- 
cock [DoDSLEV, Old Plays (1874), xL, 
24]. My father is a ninny; and my 
mother was a hammer. 

1698-1700. London Spy^ vii. (1706), 
L, 154. You cuckoldy company of Wbiss- 
ling, Pedlinj^, Lying, Over-reaching 

171a. Arbuthnot, History 0/ John. 
BuUf I., xiL Have you no more manners 
than to rail at my husband, that hats 
saved that clod-pated, numskulled, ninnv- 
hammer of yours from ruin ? 

1719. DuRFEV, Pills to Purge ^ iL, 
2. A Senator some say He made his dapple 
grey For his Italian Neigh A crack- 
brain'd ninny. 

1735. New Cant. Dict.^ 8.V. 

i753« Adoenturer^ No. 25. The 
words ninny-hammer, noodle, and num- 
scull, are frequently bandied to and fro 
betwixt them. 

1763. YooTKf Mayor of Garratt^ a. ^ 
2.^ This whey.faced ninny, who is but the 
ninth part of a man. 

z8xi. Jane Austin, Sense and 
Sensibility^ xl. The Colonel is a ninny, 
my dear ; because he has two thousand 
a-year himself, he thinks that nobody else 
can marry on less. 

1838. Comic Almanack [Hotten], 
p. 159. We're not such ninnies as to 
stand in all this riot. 

1847. Lytton, Lucretia, 11., il If 
she's a good girl, and loves you, she'll not 
let you spend your money on her. I 
haint such a ninny as that, said Beck, 
with maj<9Ltic contempt. 




xBSa. H. W. Lucv. in Harpet^s 
Mag.^ April, 747. Any Dore or ninnv- 
HAMMBR who caned to invest a penny in a 
postage stamp could draw from the great 
man a jxMt-card written in the well-known 

1803. Hume Nisbet, Bushranget's 
Sweetheart^ 64. Who woixld have thought 
the old duffer such a ninny? 

2. (Old Cant). — A whining 
beggar. — B. E. (r. 1696) ; New 
Cant, Did. (1725); Dyche 

Ninny- BROTH, subs, (old).— 5^ 
quot., 1696. 

1696. Poor Robin [Nakes]. How 
to make coffee, alias ninny broth. 

z698-i7oow Ward, London S^y^ i. 
(1706)^ i., 15. Being half choak'd with 
the Steem that arose from their Soot* 
colour'd NINNY-BROTH, their stinking 
Breaths, and suffocating Fumes. 

1708. Hudibras Redwivut^ pt i. 
Their wounded consciences they heal 
With NINNY-BROTH, o'er which they seek 
Some new religion ev'ry week. 

Ninth. Ninth (or tbnth*) part 
OF A MAN, subs. phr. (common). 
A tailor. A?^ Snip. [From the 
proverb *Nine tailors make a 
man * : whence Queen Elizabeth's 
traditional address to a deputation 
of eighteen tailors : — * God save 
you, gentlemen both.*] 

[*There exist* literary usage for this 
form. Unfortunately, however, the quo- 
tation, which ante-dated the first authority 
in^fra by fifty years or more, has been mis- 
laid, ^ and memory, though judicially 
certain as to its existence, fails as r^ards 
the reference. — ^J. S. F.] 

1763. YoarKt Mayor o/GarreUtf\i.t 
3P. A journeyman taylor . . . This cross- 
I^fd cabbage-eating son of a cucumber, 
this whey-tac'd ninny, who is but the 


1767. Ray, Proverbs [Bohn], 135. 
Nine tailors make but one man. 

1838. Desmond^ Stag^ Struck, x. 
The most savaee of hoaxes t instead of 
gallanting a goodess to our shores, I had 
the felicity to usher from the 'x>at the 
ninth part of a man. 

Nip, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 

2. (old). — A thief : specifically 
a cut-purse. — B. E. {c. 1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

1593. Greene, Third Part Conny- 
catching^ in IVorksy x., 174. Away goes 
the young nip with the purse he got so 

1608. Dbkkbr, Belman 0/ London^ 
in Wks. (Grosart), hi., 154. He that 
cut^ the purse is called the nip . . . The 
knife is called a cuttle-bung. Ibid.^ St^. 
H. 3. They allot such countries to this 
band of foists, such townes to those, and 
such a city to so many nips. 

z6ri. MiODLBTON, Roaring Girle 
[Dodslev, Old Piaysy vL, 113]. One of 
them is a NIP, I took him in the twopenny 
gallery at the Fortune. /3/V/., vi., 115. Of 
cheaters, lifters, nips, foists, puggards, 
curbers, With all the devil's black guard. 

1658. Honest Ghost^ j). 231. Pimps, 
NIPS, and tints, prinados, highway sland- 
ers. All which were my familiars. 

3. (colloquial). — (a) See quot. 
1808 : hence {b) a sip ; a small 
drink ; a GO {q.v.). Also nipper. 

1606. RoLLOCK, on 3 TKes. Z4a If 
thou hast not laboured . . . looke that 
thou put not a nip in thy mouth. Ihid.^ 
150. The Lord vouchsaies not a nip on 
them unless they worke. 

1788. Grose. Vulfr. Tongue^ 8.v. 
Nvp or Nip. A half pint, a nip of ale ; 
whence the nipperkin, a small vessel. 
Ibid. NYP-SHOP. The Peacock, in Grav's- 
Inn-lane, where Burton ale is sold in 


1808. Jamieson, />«:/., S.V. Nip. A 
small quantity of spirits ; as a nip of 
whiskey. — generally half a glass. Ibid. A 
small bit of anything, as much as is nipped 
or broken on between the finger and 

1848. Lowell, Biglow Papers 
[BartlettJ. Then it waz, * Mister Sawin. 
sir, you're middlin' well now, be ye? 
Step up an' take a nipper, sir ; I'm druHe 
glad to see ye.' 




1855. Harpet^s Metg.^ May. One of 
c^-^xc Western villages passed an ordinance 
^-^rbidding taverns to sell liquor on the 
Sabbath to any persons except travellers. 
The next Sunday every man in town, who 
xvanted a nip, was seen walking aroimd 
•vvith a valise m one hand and two carpet- 
'ba.K*' in the other. 

1861. Jambs Conway, Forays 
^mons Salnum and Deer^ 71. Having 
dliscuss^ a Scotch breakfast . . . j>receded 
t>y a NIP of bitters as a provocaUve of the 

1868. Collins, Moonstone^ l, 15. 
I^rs. Yolland . . . gave him his nip. 

1873. Black, Princess of ThuU^ 
acxiii. Young Eyre took a nip of whiskey. 

1888. RuNCiMAN, The Cheguerst 86. 
'Xhe missus 'U fetch me some corrfee, and, 
bear you, put a nip o' that booze in. 

4. (old). — A hit ; a taunt. 

1556. Hevwood, Spider and Flie 
[ Karbs]. Wherwith, thought the flie, I 
bave geven him a nyp. 

1567. Edwards, Damon &* Pithias 
[Dodsley, Old Plays (1876), iv., 27 J. 
From their nips Hhall I never be free? 

1 58 1. Lyly, Euphues. D 3 b. Eu- 
phues, though he perceived her coie nip, 
seemMi not to care for it. 

X589. PUTTENHAM, Art of Eng, 
poesie^ 43. The manner of Poesie by 
which they vttered their bitter taunts and 
priuy NIPS. 

Verb, (colloquial). — i. To 
pinch. See quot. 1696. 

[x6?]. Little John and the Four 
Beggars t 49 [Child. Ballads^ v. 327]. 
John NIPPED the dumo, and made him to 

f.i6o6. B. E., Diet. Cant. CrtWf s.v. 
Nip. 10 Press between the Fingers and 
Thumb without the Nails, or with any 
broad Instrument like a pair of Tongs as 
to squeeze between Eklg^ Instruments or 

1859. Tennyson, Merlin and Vivien^ 
aoo. ^ Mav this hard earth cleave to the 
Nadir hell, Down, down, and close again 
and NIP me flat. 

1886. Grbbly, Arctic Service^ 73, 
The launch . . was nipped between two 
floes of last year's growth. 

X887. liEH\xv,yill4m*sStreughtTip 
to all Cross Coves [Farmbr, Musa Pedes- 
tris (1896), 177]. It's up the spoat and 
Charley-wag With wipes and tickers and 
what not Until the squeezer nips your 
scrag. Booze and the blowens cop the lot. 

2. (old). — To Steal : specifically, 
to cut a purse. 

1567. Edwards, Damon &* Pithias 
(Dodsley, Old PlaySf 1. (1874), iv., loj. 
I go into the city some knaves to nip For 
talk, with their goods to increase the kings 

1573. Harman, Caveat (1814), p. 66. 
To nyp a boung, to cut a purse. 

1592. Greene, Third Part Conny- 
catching, in IVorks^ x., 157. Oft this 
crew of mates met together, and said 
there was no hope of nipping the boung 
[purse] because he held open his gowne so 
wide, and walked in such an open place. 

1600. Sir John Oldautle, v.^ a. Be 
lusty, my lass ; come, for Lancashire : we 
must NIP the bung for these crowns. 

1608. Dbkkbr, Lanthome and 
Candlelight [Grosart, Works (188 .), 
iiL, 203]. Or NIP a boung that has but a 

. i6ia Rowlands, Martin Markall, 
p. 39 (H. Club's Rept. 1874). To nip a 
Ian, to cut a purse. 

1620. Descr. o/Love [ Farmer, Musa 
Pedestris (1896), 15I. Then in a throng, 
I NIP his bung. 

r.1636. London Chanticleers, Sc. L I 
mean to be as perfect a pick pocket, as 
good as ever nipped the judge's bung 
while he was condemning him. 

d.\6sZ. Cleveland, IVorks [Narbs]. 
Take him thus and he is in the int^uisitioo 
of the purse an authentick gypsie, that 
NIPS your bung with a canting ordinance ; 
not a murther^ fortune in allthe country, 
but bleeds at the touch of this malefactor. 

C.X696. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, s.v. 

1712. Shirley, Triumph of Wit, 
* The Black Procession; 4. If a cull be 
does meet, He nips all his cole. 

1714. Memoirs o/^ John Hall 
(4th ed.), p. 13. Nip, to pick. 

1736. Ramsay, Scotch Peroverbs, 87 
LJamieson]. Yet was set ofi'frae the oou 
for NIPPING the pyes. 

1740. ^ Poor Robin. Meanwhile the 
cut-purse in the throng, Hath a fair means 
to NYP a bung. 




1768. Ross, Helenortt 126. Frae 
voor un uncle's gate was nipt awa' That 
bonny bairn, 'twas thought by Junky Fa. 

3. (common). — To go. To 
NIP ALONG = to move with 
speed ; to nip in = to slip in, etc. 

1885. Daily Telegraphy a Jan., 9, a. 
I NippBD OUT of bed. 

1893. MiLLiKEN, *Arry Bailadsy 66. 

Managed to nip in first-class. 

T892. F. Anstev, Vocts Populi^ ' At 
the Tudor Exhibition.' Jove — my Aunt I 
Nip out before she spots me. 

4. (common). — To take a dram. 

z888. RoLP BoLORBWOOD, Robbery 
Under A rmsy xxiv. You never saw a man 
look so scared as the passenger on the 
box<seat, a stout, jolly commercial, who'd 
been giving the coachman Havana cigars, 
and yarning and nipping with him at every 
bouse they passed. 

1896. The Loftcet, No. 7452, 863. 
In the homes alike of rich and poor the 
women have learned the fatal habit of 
nipping, and slowly but surely become 
confirmed dipsomaniacs. 

5. (old). — See quot. , N I P, verb,^ 
sense i, nip-chbesb, and nip- 

C.X696. B. E., Did. Cant. Cretu^ 8.y. 
Nip. To pinch or sharp anything. 

6. (old). — To taunt ; to wring. 

1599* Stowe, Hist. Load., 55. There 
were some, which on the other side, with 
eni^rams and rymes, nipping and gripping 
their fellowes. 

158 1. RicHE, Farewell. These 
cogitations did so nippe him, that he could 
not so well dissemble his grief. 

7. (thieves*). — To arrest ; TO 
pinch {q.v.), 

1851-61. Mayhew, Loh. Lab.y ili., 
147. They'd follow you about, and keep 
on NIPPING a fellow. 

Nip and tuck, adv, phr, 
(common). — Touch and go ; neck 
and neck; equality or thereabouts. 
Also NIP and tack, nip and 


1847. PoRTBK, Quarter^ /?«£», ^^., 
17. It will be like the old bitch and the 
rabbit, nip and tack every jumpt. 

1869. Putnam's Mag', t J&n, It wma 
NIP AND TUCK all aloug, who was to win 

1888. Detroit Free Press. 90 Oct. 
We had some pretty running. It was nip 
AND TUCK. We kept about an equal dis* 
tance apart. 

To NIP IN THB BUD, verb, 
phr, (old : now recognised). — 
Su quot. 

c.x6o6. B. E., Diet, Cant. Crew, a. v. 
Nip. To ktip in the bud. Of an early 
Blast or Blite of Fruit ; also to crush any- 
thing at the beginning. 

1725. New Cant, Diet., a. v. 

Nip-cheese, suds, (old).— i. A 
miser. Also Nip-squeeze and 
Nip-farthing.— Grose (1785). 

is66. Drant, Horace^ Sat 1. I 
would thee not a nip>parthing. Not yet 
a niggard have. 

2. (nautical).— ^^ftf qaots. 1785, 
1842, and 1867. 

1785. Grose. Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 
Nip Cheese, a nickname for the purser of 
a ship, from those gentlemen being 8up« 
posed sometimes to nip, or diminish the 
allowance of the seamen, in that ajOMl every 
other article. 

1834. MhfoiYKT.jMobFaith/ultXx, 
(1873)1 156. It's some of old Nipchessb's 
eights, that he has sent on shore to bowse 
his jib up with, with his sweetheart. 

1842. Marrvat, Percival Kerne. 
xiii. ' That's a nipchebse.' ' Nipchbese I^ 
*Yes; nipchbese means purser of the 

1867. Smvtm, Sailor^ Word Booh, 
477, S.V. Nipchbese. The sailors' name 
for a purser. 

N1P-LOU8E, stibs, (common).— A 
tailor. Also PRICKLOUSE. .S^ 

NiP-LUQ, subs, (Scots').— A teacher ; 
a schoolmaster. 



SO Nipping Christian. 

At Nip-luo, cuh.phr, (Scots'). 
—At loggerheads; on the point 
of collision. 

Nippent, adj\ (American). — Impu- 

Nipper, subs, (common). — i. Alad. 

x85z-6z. Mayhbw, London Lab, a$ul 
Lomd, Pocr^ i.* P. 37* Such lads, how- 
ever, are the smallest class of costermonser- 
ing youths; and are sometimes called 
* cas'alty boys,' or nippers. 

z888. RuNCiMAN, Ckdqitertt 54. 
They calls it a stream, but I dnssn't say 
wot I thinks it is afore the nipper. 

1888. Rtftree, xx Nov. Other nip- 
pers — the little snrimps of boys — ^were 
sometimes the best part of an hour at a 
stretch, from the time they left till they 
returned to tiie paddock to weigh in. 

x8oa. Chevalier, IdUr^ June, p. 
MO. I've got a little nipper, when 'e talks 
rll lay yer forty shiners to a quid Youll 
take 'im for the father, me the kid. 

2. (old thieves'). — See quot. 


X659. John Day, Mind Beggar ^ i., 
3, p. 3z. Had, Your nipper, your foyst, 
your rogue^ your cheat, vour pander, your 
any vile thmg that may be. 

Z78S. Grose, Vu^^. TtrngiUt s.v. 
NvpPBR, a cut purse, so called by one 
Wotton, who in the ytzx Z585, kept an 
academy for the education aiKi perfection 
of pick-pockets and cut purses ; hb school 
was near Billinsgate, London. As in the 
dress (MT ancient times many people wore 
their purses at their girdles, cutting them 
was a branch of the light fingerM art, 
which is now lost, though the name re- 
mains . . there was a school house set up 
to learn jroung boys to cut purses: two 
devices were hung up, one was a pocket, 
and another was a purse, the pocket 
had in it certain counters, and was hung 
about with hawks bells, and over the top 
did hang a little sacring bell. The purse 
had silver in it^ and he that could take 
out a counter, without noise of any of the 
bells, was adjudged a judicial nypper, 
according; to their terms of art ; a fojrster 
was a (Mckpocket ; a nypper was a pick 
purse, or cut purse. 

3. (nawys*). — ^The serving lad 
attached to a gang of navvies, to 
fetch water and carry tools. 

4. in//, (thieves*).— Handcafe 
or shackles.— H AGO ART (1821); 
Grose (1823) ; Matsell (1859). 

5. in //. (thieves'). — A bur- 
glar's instroment ns^ from the 
outside on a key. Also Ameri- 

6. (Marlborough School).— A 
boy or * cad.* 

Verb (old).— To arrest; to 
catch. See Nab, and Nip. 

z8a3. Bee, Diet, Tuff. d«t., s.v. 
NiPPERED. What d'ye think t My eyes, 
if Bill Soames wamt nippbrbo only for a 
fogle little better than a wipe ; and he was 
there upon transported. 

z8a^ Egan, Boxiatu^ iv., zso. The 
Pope bemg nippbrsd and brought to £bux 
the Beak. 

NiPPERKiN, stAs, (old). — A small 
measure : see quot 1696 ; a stone 


C.Z696. B. B.. Diet, Cant. Crtw^ s.v. 
Nipperkin. Half a pint of Wine, and but 
half a Quartern of Brandy, strong waters, 


z6o8-z70o. Ward, LomL S^t ii. 
(Z706X i«i 31. By that time we had sip'd 
off our nipperkin of my Grannums Aq-ua 

Z707. DuRPEV, PiUs U Purgt . . . 
Quart-pot, pint-pot, nipperkin, &c. 

Z785. Grose, l^uJ!g. Tongue, 8.v. 

183a. Noctes Ambrasiamit, Sept. 
William III., who only uioozed over a 
nipperkin of Schiedam with a few Dutch 

188a. J. Ashton, Social Life in 
Reign o/Q. Anne, L, 197. [Beer] was of 
different qualities, from the ' penny Nip- 
perkin ot Molassas Ale' to ' a pint of Ale 
cost me five-pence.' 

Nipping, adj. (old).— Sharp ; cut- 
ting.— B. E. (c, 1696). 

Z596. Shakspearb, Hatnlei, L 4. It 
is a NIPPING and an eager air. 

Nipping Christian, subs, phr, 
(old). — A cut-purse : see Nipper, 
sense 2. 




NiPPiNQ-JiQ, n»bs. (old). — Hang- 

NiPPiTATE, subs, and adj. (Old 
Cant). — Strong drink, especially 
ale. Also nippitato and nip- 


CT575. Lanbham, L€tUr [Narbs]. 
And ever qaited himself with such esti< 
nation, az yet too tast of a cup of Kip. 
PTTATi, hiz judgement mil be taken above 
the best in uie parish, be hiz nose near so 

Z58|. Stubbbs, Anai, 0/ Ahustt 
[Narbs]. Then when this nippitatum, 
this huffe cappc, as they call it. this nectar 
of life, is set abroach, well is he that can 
get the soonest to it, and spend the most 

Z593. Nashb. Summer's Last Will 
[DoDSLBV, Old Plays (X874X viiL, 60]. 
Never cap of Nipitatt in London come 
near thy niggardly habitation. 

1593. Habvbv, Pierces Supererih 
gmHoit. The Nipitatv of the nappiest 

Z504. Look About You [DODSLBV, 

Old Plays (1874), viL , 4415I. He was here 
to-day, Sir, And emptied two bottles of 
mppiTATB sack. 

z6oa Oliffb, Wtakest Goes to Wall^ 
E 3. Well fare England, where the poore 
may have a pot of fue for a penny, fresh 
ale, firme ale, napjne ale, nippitatb ale. 

161 z. Bbaumont and Flbtchbr, 
Knight of Burning Pestle, iv. R. Lady, 
'tis true, yoxx neea not lay yovx lips To 
better nippitato than there is. 

Z654. Chapman, A^Aohsus, iiL, z. 
Twill make a cup of wine taite nippitatb. 

Z89Z. Fennbll, Stanford Diet., s.v. 
Nippitatum, quasi'VaX. ; nippitato, 

rn-It . . . possibly connected with 
Eng. vb. jw>,=»Du. nipfen, • to take a 

N1PP8, subs. (old). —Shears for 
dipping money. — B. E. {c, 1696): 
Gross (i785)« 

Nippy, subs, (children's). — The 
penis: see Creamstick and 

Adj. (common). — Mean ; 
stingy ; cart ; snappish. 

NiPSHOT. To play nipshot, verb, 
phr, (old). — ^To fail ; to decamp : 
su Absquatulate and Sked- 

Z775. Bailub, Letters, ii., zoS. Our 
great hope on earth, the City of London 
has played nipshot : they are speaking of 
dissolving the assembly. 

NiQUE, subs. (American thieves'). 
— Cx>ntemptaoiis indifference. — 
Matsbll (1859). 

N18EY. $ee NiZEY. 

Nit, subs. (old). — i. See quot. 

C.Z606. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, 8.v. 
Nit. Wine that is brisk, and pour'd quick 
into a glass. 

2. (old : now recognised). — 
The egg of a louse.— B. E. 
(c. 1696) ; New Cant. Du:t.(^i72i), 

ZS98. Florid, Worlde of Words 
(z6zz). Zeiche nbbts in the eie lids. 
Also tikes that breed in dogs. 

z69|8-z7oa Ward, London S/y, z. 
(1706), L, za. [He] has as many Maggots 
m bis Noddle, as there are . . . Nits m a 
Mumpers Doublet, 

3. (Scots*).— A wanton : see 
Barrack • hack and Tart 

Nits will become ucEfpbr, 
(old). — See quot. 

Z72S. Nnu Cant. Diet., s.v. Nrrs 
will btcomb licb ; of small matters that 
become important. 

N1T-8QUEEZER, subs, (common).— 
A hair-dresser. -t-GROSB (1788). 

Nix (or nicks), ach. (common).— 
Nothing. Also nix my doll, 
and (American), nixy and nixy- 

cully. Synonyms. Ack (Christ's 
Hospital) ; love ; nid, niberquey 
niberte, nif, nisce^ nix (French) ; 
nibay niberto (Italian); nexo 

Z789. Geo. Parkbr, Li/es Painter, 
p. Z43. Nicks. How they have brought 
a German word into ouit I know not, but 
NICKS means nothing in the cant language. 




18x9. Vaux, Memoirst a. v. 

1834. EGAN,i?0;rmM«, iv..444. Men 
who can be backed for large stakes do sel< 
dom fight for nix (comicafly called ' love *)• 

1852. Old S<mg* 'The Cadger's 
Ball' [Farmbr, Musa Ptdesiru (XS96X 
147]. Old Mother Swankey, she con- 
sented to lend her lodging-house for nix. 

1858. A. Mayhew, Paoedvnth Gold. 
iiL, z, p. 254. Do you see all this land r 
said he . . . well, the grand&ther of this 
here Lord Southwark got it for nix. 

1887. Hbnlbv, Vilhm's Straight 
TiPt 3. For NIX, for nix the dibbs you 

1899. AII9 SMtr, 19 Blar., 90, 3. 
When death of Uncle John bereft us, We 
said we mourned because he'd left us ; 
Our mourning was a lot profounder To 
find he'd left us nix— the bounder ! 

2. (American). — Seet^uot, 

1885. ^. S. Official P.O, Guide, 
Jan., 685. Nixes is a term used in the 
nulway mail service to denote matter of 
domestic origin, chiefly of the second and 
first class, which is unmailable because 
alddressed to places which are not post- 
offices, or to States, etc, in which there is 
no sucn post-office as that indicated in the 

Intj, (common). — See^noiL 

1883. Indoor Pauptrt^ 45. So the 
thing goes on until some one on the watdi 
cries, ^ Nix lads, buttons I '—the warning 
that the taskmaster is at hand. 

Nix MY DOLL, phr, (common). 
— Never mind 1 [Popularised by 
Ainsworth's song]. Also (Vaux) 
= nothing. 

Z819. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. 

1834. AiNswoRTH, Rookwood , . . . 
And my old dad, as I've heard wy, Was a 
famous merchant in capers gay ; Nix mr 
DOLLY, pals, fake away i 

1846. Punch Almanack, 'Sons of 
September ' (after Ainsworth) . . What 
ho I my gun, my galUnt boys, September's 
always jolly ; I love the sportsman's pleas- 
ant noise Yoicks ! Forward ! Nix my 


Niz-PRiz, subs, (legal).— A writ of 

NizziE, subs, (old).— I. A fool: 
see BuFPLE and Cabbage- 

HEAD. Also NIKIN. — B. £. (c, 

1696) ; Coles (1724). 

>755* Johnson, Eng. Dict,,^ 8.v. 
Ni'rv [from niais]. A dunce ; a simple- 
ton. A low word. 

3.175^ Anon [quoted by Johnson]. 
'rue critics laush, > " '^ -"^ -' 
Go read Quintilian. 

True critics laush, and bid the trifling nisv 
'" intilu 

2. (old). — ^A coxcomb. — B. E. 
(c, 1696). 

No. No BATTLE, phr, (printers'). 
— No good ; not worth while. 

No CHICKEN, pkr, (common). 
Getting on in years : usually of 

1889. Drags, Cyril, iv. I doot 
think that Miss Vera is any chicken. 

No END, adv, pkr, (colloquial). 
— Extremely ; a great many. A 
general intensive. 

x86i. Hughss, Tom Brown at Ox- 
ford, xiiL (1864)^ >4i* The bUck and 
yellow seems to slip along so fast. They're 
NO END of good coknirs. I wish our new 
boat was black. 

1863. Rbadb, Hard Cash, i. 3^5. 
They drifted past a Revenue Cutto', who 
was lyins to with her head to the North- 
ward. She howled no end of signals, but 
they understood none of them. 

1876. Grant, One o/the Six Hun- 
dred, xiv. We were beset by London 
Jews and army contractors, and I had, as 
the phrase goes, no end of unsuspected 
things to provide. 

No FEAR. See Fear. 

No-flies, adv, (printers*).— 
Artful; designing. Also N.F. (^.v.) 

No FOOL, adv, phr, (common). 
— An ironical intensive: tf, NO 


x888. BOLDRBWOOD, Robbery Under 
Arms, xix. It was thirty feet high--No 
FOOL of a drop. 




No GO, adv, phr, (common). 
— No use ; impossible. Fr. zut I 
and fa ne fnara p<u, 

xSjKK MoNCRiBrr, Heart o/Lonthnt 
L z. rm much obliged to you : it's no ca 

1836. Marrvat, Midshipman Easyf, 
zijc Bat it's no go with old Smallsole, if 
I want a Int of caulk. 

1848. RuxTON, L{/!t in Far ]Vut^ 
246. Outade b no go. 

1853. NoUs atuLQutrieSf 17 Jan. Ser. 

1. V. 55. My publisher cooUy answered 
that it was no go. 

1871. Dttilv News^ 17 April, {». 3. col. 

2. How many beyond those mentioned in 
the foregoinff remarks have been backed in 
earnest, I should not like to say ; and it 
strikes me that it is a case of no go with 
Autocrat, Sarsfield .... 

1803.^ Emerson, Sirncr Lippo^ viiu 
Well, I tried to get some oanjo pupils — ^no 
GO ; no testimonials. 

1896. Farjbon, Betray, John Ford- 
kamt iiL, aSz. But it was NO go ; them 
as gathered round wouldn't part. 

No KID, adv, phr, (common). 
— No mistake. 

1803. Emerson, Signor Lippo^ xx. 
I was Knocked silly and taken to the same 
'orspital, and when I woke I was in bed, 
my boko all plastered up like a broken 
arm, and a gal in a white hat and blue* 
dren a^waiting 00 me — a real lady, no kid* 

No MOSS, phr, (tailors').— 
No animosity. 

No NAMB, NO PULL, phr, 

(tailors'). — If I name no names 
there can be no libel =:if I do 
not mention his name he cannot 
take offence, unless he likes to 
apply the remarks to himself. 

No ODDS, . ado, phr, (collo- 
quial). — No matter; of no con- 

i8<s. DiCKBNs, LiiiU Dorrit, z. ch. 
xix. ^liow vexatious, ChiveryT* asked 
the benignant fother. *No odds,' re- 
turned Bir. Chivery. * Never mind.* 

No REPAIRS. See Repairs. 

Noah's ark, subs, (common).—i. 
A long closely-bnttoned over- 
coat [A coinage of/'««r>l; from 
a similarity to the wooden figures 
in a toy ark.] 

2. (nautical). — ^5'^^quot. 

1867. Smyth, SaUert* Word-hook, 
498, S.V. Noah's Ark. Certain clouds 
elhpticallv parted, considered a sign of 
fine weather after rain. 

3. (rhyming slang).— A lark 

ev '^7; Sims, ^r/iw, Nov. 7. TotUe 
She cned, What a Noah's Ark. 

N0AKE8. See John o* Noakes. 

Nob, subs, (common). — i. The 
heEul : see Crumpet.— B. E. 
(f. 1696) ; Grose (1785). 

1733. KanbO'Hara, Tom Thumb, 
V„f Dp pop up your nob again, And egad 
I U crack your crown. 

178a. ^i^^iCEA, Humorous Sketches, 
155. Here no despotic power shews 
oppression s haughty nob. 

^^K }'^^^\TV^ CrWs Mem., p. 
fS-., With daddies high uprais'd, and nob 
held back. In awful prescience of th* im- 
pending thwack. 

J823. Bbb, Diet Turf, etc, 8.v. 

.°**.r .. J°*^.. P?i**. **» respects pretty 
plentifully to the Yokel's nob.'^ * His nob 
was pinked all over,' i,e, marked in sundry 

, 18^ DowLiNG, Othello Travestie, 
I. 3. A thought has crossed my nob. 

X837. DiCK»fS, Pickwick Papers 
(1857). 3^ Leave off rattlin' that 'ere 
nob o youm, if you don't want it to come 
off the sprines alltogether, said Sam im- 
patiently, and behave reasonable. 

z84a Barham, Ingoldsby Ler, 
{Black Mousquetaire), Whom I once 
saw receive, such a thump on the nob 
From a fist which might almost an elephant 

1845. Punch, ix. 9. Getting the nob 
into chancery is a fine achievement, I once 
got several nobs into chancery; and I 
certainly gave several of them severe 




i85x-6z. Mathbw, London Lai.t L 
341. These he would engage at a bob a 


1856. Punchy XXX. 941. Mary Ann*s 
Notions. Vulgar, dear. You might as 
well have written one for his nob — you 
meant iL 

1899. MiLLiKBN, *Arry Ballads^ ao. 
Why shouldn't her stage trotter-out take 
his perks too at so much a nob. 

2. (common). — A person of 
rank or position. [From Nobility : 
cf. Mob, Fr. mobile vulgus]. 
Hence TO comk the nob = to 
pat on airs. — Grose (1823). See 

1703. English Spy^ 955. ^ Be unto 
him ever reaay to promote his wishes^ 
whether for spree or sport, in term and 
out of term . . . against dun or don — nob 
or big>wig— ;so may yon never want a 
bumper of bishop. 

1833. Bbb, ^Dict, Tuff^ 8.V. Nob. 
A . . . NOB . . . differs from sweU., inas- 
much as the latter makes a show of his 
finery j whereas the nob, relying upon 
intrinsic worth, or bona-fide property, or 
intellectual ability, is clad in plainness. 

1837. DiCKBNS| Pickwick Papers^ 
(ed. 1857X za. ' Wait a minute,' said the 
stranger, *fun presently — nobs not come 
yet— queer plaoe. Dock-yard people of 
upper rank don't know Dock*yard people 
of lower rank— 4mall gentry don't km>w 
tradespeople— Commissioner don't know 
any body.' 

1810-45. Bakham, Ingoldsby Le- 
gends <i86a), 7a No ! no I— The Abbey 
may do very well For a feudal nob, ar 
poetical ' swell.' 

z8^3. Dickens, Martin CAtusitwit, 
viL The high principle - that Nature's 
nobs felt with Nature' nobs. 

18^9. Thackbrav, Horrariy Dia- 
mondy IV. He was at the West End on 
Thursday, asked to dine, ma'am, with the 
tip-top nobs. 

1851-61. Mavhew, Loit. Lab,^ 11., 
56. I niay observe that the nobs is a com- 
mon designation for the rich among these 
sporting people. 

1855. Thackeray, Ncwcomes^ 11., 
c8. Sherrick loa. Capital house, Mr. 
Newcome, wasn t it 7 I counted no less 
than fourteen nobs. 

1863. Reads, /Ton/ Cask, i., 938. 
Once more, [1846 Railway Mania] ... a 
motley crew ot peers and printos, etc 
. . . ; in a word, of nobs and snobs, fought 
and scrambled pell mell for the popular 
paper ; and all to get ridi in a day. 

X870. Figaro, 18 July. Is it more 
cruel tor a snob to shoot a sea-bird in the 
breeding season than it b fcM" a nob to 
shoot (ngeons in the^ breeding season, 
thereby starving all their young f 

x888. BoLDREwooD, Robbery Under 
Arms, xlL He was introduced to all the 


1899. Anstby, Voces PopuU, * In the 
Mall on Drawing Room Day,' p. 84. All 
I was goin' to see was a set o' blanky 
NOBS shut up in Uieir blankdash kerridges. 

3. (Oxford University). — See 

x8a5. Tke Bngiisk S/y, I 136. We 
must find you some more tract2u>le per- 
S(mage ; some good-humoured nob.* 

[Note. * A fellow of a collie). 

4. (workmen's). — A 
STICK i^.v.). 


5. (old). — The game of prick- 
(or cheat-) the-garter. 

1754. Discoveries of Jokn Poulter, 
xa We got about three pounds from a 
butterman at the Belt or nobb. 

6. (old). — A sovereign ; 20s. 

Verb, (pugilbts*). — I. To 
strike ; to get home a blow 
(specifically on the head) : cf, 



«i-i .5 

8ax. MoNCRiEPP, Tom and Jerrv, 
. Tom. I've nobb'd him on the 

2. (showmen's). — To collect 
money; to take round the hat. 
Fr. /aire la manche, 

x85i-6x. Mavhew, London Lab., 111., 
X45. When we go about the streets with 
tumblers ... we also nob or gather the 

1890^ spare Moments, 93 Aug. A 
good nobber or collector— always a very 
gentlemanly fellow — is worth every penny 
of his share for nobbing alone. 




1893. Emerson, Sir/tor Lippo^ vl 
At Chidiester we opened np opposite the 
Georee Hotel, and 1 nobbbo hau a sover- 
dgD from a young visitor, besides a lot of 
small money. 

Nob in the fur tradb, subs, 
phr, (old). — A judge. 

e.1838. Reynolds, Pickwick Abroad^ 
'The Housebreaker's Song.' Let nobs in 
TUB ruR TRADE hold their jaw. 

To NOB IT, verb, phr, (old). — 

1819. Vaux, Memoirs^ 8.v. Nob it. 
To act with such prudence and knowledge 
of the world, as to prosper and become 
iode|>endent without any labour or bodily 
exertion ; this is termed nobbing it, or 
FIGHTING nob WORK. To effect any pur- 
pose or obtain anything by means of good 
judgment and sagacity, is called nobbing 
IT for such a thing. 

<83> Grose, Vulg, Tongu€\^KH\% 


One for his nob, subs, phr, 
(pugilists'). — I. A blow on the 

2. (gamesters'). — ^A point in 
cribbage for holding the knave of 
trumps. Cf, Two FOR HIS 


x988. NoUm attd Qutriu^ 7th S. v., 
a8th Afnil, j^a The old name of cribbage 
was ' noddy/ ' Noddy,' being the name 
for the knave, has been contracted into 
nob. As NOB=head, the antagonism of 
'heels 'is obvious. 

To Pitch the Nob. 



NoB-A-NOB. — Su Hob-nob (q.v.). 
Probably a cormption. 

1834. Ainsworth, Rookwood (ed. 
1864), 193. We must have a nob-a-nob 
glass together, for old acquaintance sake. 

Nobba, adj, (common). — Nine 
[Italian, Nave ; Spanish, Noroa ; 
the ^and z; being interchangeable, 
as in sa^ and savz^y]. 

NOBBER, suhs, (pugilists'). — See 
Nob, sense i. 

18x9. Moore, Tom Crih^ 40. For, 
though, all know, that flashy spark From 
C— st-nr— gh received a nobbbr. 

2. (showmen's). — ^l^qaots. 

x89a Ecko^ 30 Oct Nobbbr is 
beach slang for financial agent, and indi- 
cates the gentleman who goes round with 
the plate or box. Great care is always 
bestowed upon the selection of the nobbbr. 
He is really the most important member of 
the troupe,^ and must be an artist of the 
first water if he is to get any money . . . 
Only a nobber can know the extraordinary 
meanness of the British public, the reluc- 
tant way in which it doles out itv coppers, 
and its refusal to donate silver on any 

1893. Emerson, Signer Lippo^ vL 
I have often met honourable nobbers since 
like the ooller, that poor honest artiste, 
who was far too honourable to allow any 
slur to be cast upon his diaracter. 

NOBBILY, A^'. (common). — Showily; 
smartly : cf, NOBBY. 

N0BBiNQ,i»3i. (pugilists').— I. The 
administration of blows on the 

x8as. Jones, True Bottomed Boxer 
[Farmer, Musa Pedestris (x8q6), 93]. 
With flipping and milling, and tobbing and 

2. in//, (showmen's). — Money 
collected : see Nobber. 

x85i-6x. Mayhew, London Lab, and 
Lend Poor^ iil xx8. After him I began 
my performance, and he went round for 
the nobbings. 

Nobbinq-cheat, subs, (old).— 5^00 

N0BBINQ-8LUM, subs, phr, (show- 
men's). — The bag for collecting 
money : su Nobber, sense 2. 

Nobble, verb, (pugilists').— i. To 
strike on the head ; to stun. 

2. (racing). — Su quot. 1882 ; 
To GET AT (^.».). 




1868. Pall Mail Gum., 4 May. 
Buccaneer underwent the same fate as Old 
Calabar, and was nobbled, i,e. maimed 
purposely, before the Two Thousand in 
which he was engaged, and this rascally 
proceeding drove L^rd Portsmouth, from 
the turf in dbgust. 

1883. Saturday Review, 35 Mar. 
In the elegant dialect of sporting novelists 
to NOBBLE is a stronger term tor to ' get 
at ' a horse, or his owner or his jockey, and 
to ' get at ' means secretly to frustrate, 
spoil, lame, dose, drug, or otherwise pre- 
vent the horse from ' doing his level best,* 
or for that matter his best across hurdles, 
or in a steeple-chase. 

1888. Gould, Double Event. 145. 
Fotind out who tried to nobble the horse? 

1893. Evening Standard, xx May, 
4, 4. A very sensible suggestion has been 
made with reference to the nobbling of 
horses. It is extremely improbable that 
there would be anv attempt to injure a 
bOTse except for uie purpose of winning 
bets of one sort or anotner about him. 

3. (common). — ^To drcnmvent ; 
to cheat ; TO DO (y.».) ; TO 

SQUARE (g.V.). 

1877. Greenwood, DicJk Temple 
[Slang', /. *• CI. There's a fiver in the 
puss, and nine good quid.^ Have it. Nob- 
blb nim, lads, and share it betwixt you. 

1883. Punch, 3 J[une. 364, x. Never 
have anything to do with the Turf. They 
are all scamps alUce, and would sell their 
own fathers to gain their ends. But if you 
can't resist it, lUce me, there's only one 
chance for you, and that is, to nobblb the 
jockey I 

1886. Fortnightly Rev., xxxix. z^ 
It was never certain whether he was going 
to nobble the Tories, or square the 

z89a Grant Allbn, The Tents of 
Shem, xii. I've nobbled her, he thought 
to himself, with a triumphant smile. 

1896. Sala, London up to Date, 67. 
The proposers and seconders of the various 
candidates have warily ranged themselves 
on guard • • . . and remain there hour 
after hour, skilfully nobbling members as 
tbey enter. 

4. (common). — To appropriate ; 
to catch ; to NAB (^.».). 

1855. Thackeray, Newcomes, xxv. 
I don't know out of how much the reverend 
party has nobbled his poor old sister at 

i86a Thackeray, Philip, xvi. The 
old chap has nobbled the young fellow's 
money, almost every shilling of it, I hear. 

1888. Boldrewood. Robbery Under 
Anns, xL We're bound to be nobbled 
some day. 

NOBBLER, subs, (pugilists').— I. A 
blow on the head ; and 2 (com- 
mon), a finishing stroke ; A 
SETTLER {q. v. ). In rod-fishing = 
the gaff {ihsX kills). 

18 [?). Sir Harry Pottinger, Trout 
Fishing-. Then after one alarming flurry 
on the top of the water, my left hauid slii» 
die landing-net under him and his final 
struggles are shortly ended with a single 
tap of the nobbler. 

3. (sharpers'). — A confederate 
of thimble-riggers and card-sharp- 
ers ; BONNET (^.Z/.) ; BEARER UP 

{q.v) ; also : nob pitcher. [The 
NOBBLER plays as if a stranger 
to the RIG (q.v.), to draw ansus- 
pecting persons into play.] 

1854. ^ Whyte-Melville, General 
Bounce, vii. Nobblers and noblemen — 
grooms and gentlemen— betting-house 
keepers and cavalry officers — apparently 
all Layers and no takers. 

1876. HiNDLEY, Cheap lack, a6x. 
In my young days there used to travel 
about in ganss, like men of business, a lot 
of people csuled nobblers, who used to 
work tne ' thimble and pea rig ' and go 
biuzing, that is, picking pockets, assbted 
by some small boys. 

4. (North country). — A petti- 
fogging lawyer. 

5. ( Australian). — A drink : A 
GO ig.v.) ; specifically of spirits. 

X759. Yo^vxR, Southern Lijghts ana 
Shadows, p. 53. To pay for liquor for 
another is to ' stand,' or to ' shout,' or to 
'sacrifice.' The measure is called a 
NOBBLER, or a break-down. 

1850. KiNGSLEY, Geoffrey Hamlyn 
xxxL I had two nobblers of brandy and 
one of Okl Tom. 




iiOB-woRK, ' sidfs. (common). — 
Mental occupation. 

NocKANDRO (or Nock), subs. (old). 

I. The posteriors ; the bum 

{q.v.y [Nock = notch + Gr. 
andros = a manlt—GROSB (17S5); 
Narbs (1822). 

163a. COTGRAVB, Diett S.V. CuL 
An ane, buinzne, tayle, nockandrOi 

x65t. Urquhart, Rabglais, l 194. 
Bly foul NOCKANDROw all bemerded. 

1654. Gayton, Ifgst. Notes. 14. 
Blest be Duldnea, whose favour I be- 
seeching, Rescued poor Andrew, and his 
NOCK-ANDRO from breeching. 

x66a. Rum^ Songs, iL 85. TAe 
Rump Carbonadi/d. ax. Lenthall now 
Lords it though the Rabble him mode. In 
calling him Speaker, and Speaker to the 
Pock, For an hundred pound more heel 
kiss weir very nock. 

1663. BuTLRR, Hudihras, z. L 385. 
But when the date of nock was out, Off 
drop't the sympathetic snout 

X775. Ash, Diet.. s.v. Nock. . . . 
the aperture of the fundament. 

2. (venery). — ^The female pu- 
dendum : see Monosyllable. 

Z598. Florid, World* <^ WortUs, 
Cunno a womans nocks. 

1675. Cotton, Seofftr Scofft, in 
Works (1735), p. 378. It being pretty 
coldish weather. He needs must nave us 
lie together ; And so we did . . . When . . . 
Twixt some twelve and one o'clock, He 
tilts his tantrum at my nock. 

Verb, (venery). — See quot 
I77S» ^ KNOCK, verb. See 
Greens and Ride. 

1^68. Florio, Worldt qf Wordes, 
S.V. Cuftnataf a woman nockrd. 

1775. Ash, Diet., s.v. Nocx, to 
perform the act of generation on a female. 

NOCKY, subs. (old). — A simpleton; 
a dallard. Also NOCKY-BOY, and 
aso^'.— B. E. {c. 1696); Grose 
(1785) ; Matsell (1859). 

Nocturne, subs, (venery). —A 
prostitute ; a night piece iq.v.): 
see Barrack-hack and Tart. 

Nod, verb, (colloquial). — To be 
stupid or dulL 

The land of nod, subs. pkr. 
(colloquial). — Sleep. [Cf. * the 
Land of Nod on the East of 
the Jordan' {q.v.)^ Gen. iv. 16.] 

x6o8-ia SwiPT, Polite Conoersa- 
tioHf iiL CoL I'm goins to the land of 
Nod. NeoerofUt. Faith, I'm for Bedford- 

1819. Scott, TaUs of my Landhrd, 
III. X34. And d'ye ken, lass, said Madge, 
there's queer things cfaancea since ye lue 
been in thb land op nod. 


1833. Gross, Vulg. TVm^w^ [Scan], 

1838. Hood, Miss Kilmamegg. A 
first-class carriage of ease, In the land op 
NOD, or where you pk 

1889. Detroit Free Press, x6 Feb. 
So he ynktA it up, and all baby did was 
to open its little eyes, sniff, smile sleepily, 
and go right off again to the land op 


i8o3. Hums Nisbbt, BmshroHger's 
Sweetkeart, 375. We flung ourselves 
down on our bumkets, and were soon in 


TO A BLIND HORSE, phr. (collo- 
quial). — Said of a covert hint — 
an allusion not put into plain 

1831. BucKSTONB, Beggar Boy, L x. 

{eon (JaMghing.) You understand him 
y that? Bart. To be sure I do! A 
nod's as good as a wink por a blind 
HORSB, you know, master. 

X837. Richard Brinslbv Peaks, 
A Quarter To Nine, iL A nod's as 


X889. Evg. Standard, 35 June. A 
WINK WAS AS GOOD AS A NOD, and trainers 
and jockeys .... easily gathered whether 
a particular horse was only out for an 
ainng, ftc. 



1834. DowLiNG, Otkitto Tfwputitt 
L I. For fear old I>rab, wben he comes 
back, should take it in his noddlb To 
march me to the Duke with him. 

1864. \>\ZYXtn%^ Our Mutual Friend^ 
II. iL There's something in that, repliea 
Miss Wren ; you have a sort of an idea in 
your NODDLB sometimes. 

N0DDLE-CA8E, iubs, (old).— A wig. %^ 

d:x68a T. Brown, Works^ iL 197. 
Next time you have occasion for a noddlb- 


Noddy (Nod, Noddie-Noddipole, 
Noddy- POLE, Noddy- pate, or 
Noddy-peake), subs, (old).— i. 
A simpleton : see Bufflb and 
Cabbage-head. Also Tom 
Noddy.— Grose (1785). 

154a Hbywood, /^<«w/^* (Dodslby, 
Old nays (1874), I 360]. If I denied, I 
were a noddv. 

1557. Sir Thos Mors, fVoriks, 709. 
Or els so foolyshe, that a verye nodv-poll 
nydoce myg^t be ashamed to say it 

x56a-63. /acJk /ttgg^ler (Dodslbv. 
Old Plays (1874), iL X30]. It would 
grieve my heart, so help me God, To run 
about iht streets like a masterless nod. 

X 567. EDWARDSjZ^oiWMi and Pitkias 
[Dodslbv, Old Plays (1874), iv. 17I. Kre 
you came thither, poor I was somebody ; 
The King delighteth in me, now I am but 


1580. PUTTBNHAM, Artg qf Eug, 

PotsUf B. 1. XX. As we find of Irus the 
beggar, and Thersitesthe glorious noddib, 
whom Homer makes mentions o£ 

1598. Florio, a World* (ffWordts, 
CcgUotUf a NODDIB, a foole. 

1606. Rthtm from Parnassus 
(Dodslbv, Old Plays (1874), ix. 102]. 
You that can play at noddy, or rather 
play upon noddibs. 

x6ia JoNSON, Alehemistt iv. a. 
Nav, see ; ahe will not understand him t 

Gull, NODDY I 

161Z. COTGRAVB, Dict.f S.V. Btntt, 

A simple, plaine, doltish fellow ; a noddi> 
PBAKB, a ninny-hammer, a pea-goose, a 
cox, a sillie companion. 

16x4. Ttrcnc* in English, Vix 
tatuUm ssnsi stoUdus. I now vet scarse 
perceive it. foole that I am ; I now at 
length haroly understand with much adoc, 
whorsoo nodipol that I am* 


iL 55. There 

Rump Sffws^ 
is another Proverb which every noddy, 
Will jeer the Rump with, and cry hodd- 
doddy, etc. 

X675. Cotton, Scoffer Seoffl \ Works 
(X725), 303]. What would'st thou have me 

such a NODDY. 

z69x-03. Gentlemen's Journal^ Feb., 
24. Diana, whom poetic noddies 
ould have us think to be some goddess. 

1853. JuDSON, Myst, of New York, 
IV. Open a jewelry store, you noddy, 'ow 
*re you goin' to do that ? 

2. (old). — See qnots. 

X785. Grosb, Vu^, Tongue, 8.v. 
Noddy a kind of buggy or one hwse 
chaise, with a seat before it for a driver, 
used in and about Dublin in the maimer of 
a hackney coach. 

X847. Sketches 0/ Ireland [quoted 
by Brbwbr]. The ' Set-down ' was suc- 
ceeded by the noddy, so called from 
its oscilhuing motion backwards and for- 

<£x894. Stbvbnson, Treasure of 
Franchard. Jean-Mane led forth the 

doctor's NODDY. 

AdJ, (old). — Simple ; foolish. 

1598. Shakspbarb, T^uo Gentlemen, 
L I. ^. She did nod, and I said, I. 
P. And that set together is noddy. 5*. Now 
you have taken the pains to set it together, 
take it for your pains. 

Knave noddy, subs, phr, 
(old). — The knave of trumps. — 
B. E. (r. 1696) ; Grose (1823). 

X757. FooTB, Author, iL i. Mod, 
Brit, Dram. (x8ix), V. 281. You want 
four, and I two, and my deal : now knavb 
NODDY — no, hearts be trumps. 

NODDY- headed, adj. (common).— 
I. Witless. 

2. (common). — Drunk : 
Drinks and Screwed. 


NODQECOCK, subs, (old).— A sim- 

15667.^ Paintbr, PeU, Pleas., L B 
and 5. This poore nodgbcock contriving 
the time with sweete and pleasauni 
woordes with his dareling Simphorosia. 




NOPPQUR, subs, (popular). — A 
prostitate: He Barrack-hack 
and Tart. 

i8[T). Bird o* Ft9*dam [onoted in 
S. J. &• C,\ Wrong 'un» at the Wateries, 
NoppGORS at the Troc, Carypl>y^« by 
Kettner, Tartlets anywhere. 

Noo. See Noggin. 

NoMiN (Noe or Knomiin), subs. 
(old). — I. A small measure of 
spirits ; a go (f.v*)* — B. E. 
(r. 1696). 

1719. Swift, To Dr, SJurtdtm^ 
Z4 Dec For all your ooUoKOtng, I'd he 


1789. Parker, Liffs PainUr, 154, 

z86a Mrs. Gaskbll, Syhndt 
Laotrs^ xxiv. The sergeant . • . hrooght 
np his own mug of beer, into which a 
NOGGIN of gin had heen put. 

a. (old). — ^A mug. 

1695. Hevwood, DrwtkardOpenedt 
45. Blasjers^ broad mouth'd dishes, nog- 
gins, iduskins, piggins, etc. 

.-.XTM. Virtin Saai/Ut, Song (Far- 
MSR, Merty Songs a$ul BoUads (1897), 
iii aax]. When merrily jogging. Home to 
the Brown Noggin. 

«.i8i6. Mahbr, Sonr^ *The Night 
before Larry was Stretched' [Farmer, 
Muta Pedestrix (x89<^, 79]. 'Pon my 
conscience, dear Larry, says I, ' I'm sorry 
to see you in trouble. And your life's 
cheerful noggin run dry.' 

x8i8. Lady Morgan, PL Mmcartky 
(18x9), I. iiL x6z. Repeatedly drank from 
a NOGGIN of water beside him. 

1833-^ Carlvle, Start Retar, i^ 
The furniture of this caravansera consisted 
of a large iron Pot. two oaken Tables, two 
Benches, two Chairs, and a Potheen 


3. (old). — The head : see 

No«aY, adj\ (provincial). — Intoxi- 
cated : see Drinks and Scrbwbd. 

No-how, adv. (colloqoial).— i. 
Upset; out of sorts. 

z868. Dickens, Dr. Mmrieold^s 
Prttcriptiom. Ain't Mr. B. so well this 
morning ? Yon look all nohow. 

2. (old colloquial). — Oat of 

C.X840. D'Arblay, Dimry^ x. x6x. 
I could not speak a woord ; I dare say I 
looked NO-HOW. 

N018E, subs, (old colloquial). — i. 
A band of musicians. 

X598. Shakspbare, m Henry IV, iL 
4. And see if thou canst find Sneak's 
noise; mistress Tear*8heet would Csin 
bear some music. 

1608. Dekkbr, Belnum (^London 
[Halliwell]. Those terrible noyses, with 
thredbare cloakes. 

16x4. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
WU at Stvtral Wta^ons, iil i. Have 
3rou prepared good mu^c? G, As fine a 
noise, uncle, as heart can wish. 

x63a. Hevwood, /fv« Agt [Nares]. 
We shall have him in one of Sneak's 
NOISE, — with — will yon have any music, 

X633. JONSON, TaU of a Tnb^ i. 4. 
Press ul NOISES of Finsbnry in our 

2. (old). — See quot. 

C.X696. B. E., DieU Cant. Crm^ s.v. 
Noise. Used either of Harmonious or 
confused Sounds. Noise of Thunder, or of 
a Mill, Noise ot the Hounds, A Noise of 
Fiddles, of Trumpets and Drums, A 
Noise of Swords, or clashing. 


verb.phr. (colloquial). — To scold. 

To NOISE ONE, verb. phr. 
(colloquial). — ^To tell tales of; TO 
SPLIT [q.v.). 

Noisy- ooq-rackit, subs. phr. (old). 
— See quot. 

1893. Grose, Vnlg. Tongue 
[Rgan], S.V. Noisy Dog Racket. Staal* 
tng Brass knockers from doors. 

NOKESfXM^j. (old). — 5Afquots.,and 

C.X696. B. E., Diet. Can/, Cmo, s.v. 
Nokes. a Ninny or Fool ; also a noted 
DroU lately Dead. 




. e.1707. UauwKV,Pilif U Purftt S'e, 
^TojX iL t96. The Niece ct a Cknttng, 
»\eer-Ey'd Non-con. 

1748. D0D8LXV, CoiUeii&m o/Poims, 
t> 66. &ud a formal non-con, whose rich 
ttodc of grace Lies forward expos'd in shop- 
wbdow of &ce, .^1 1 i»ty yonr soul. come, 
be of our sect, For then jroa are safe, and 
may (dead you're elect. 

X785. Gkosb, Km^t* Ton^tt 8.v. 

1823. Bkx, Diet, Tmrft s.v. Non- 
CONPOKMisr— a discontented person, who 
will tlunk and act differently from all 

1843. C*ABB Robinson, in Dimry, 7 
April, u. 339 (3rd ed. xStsX So it is that 
extremes meet, and that we non-cons are 
in accord with the High Chnrch divines. 

NON- err- INVENTUS, phr, (popu- 
lar). —Absent. — De Quincby, 
Murder as one of the Fine Arts. 

NON-LICET, adj. phr, (Winchester 
OUege). — Illegal; onbefitting a 
Wykehamist : e,g. Don't sport 
NON-LICBT notions. 


HON NY), subs. (old). — I. A re- 
frain once used to cover indelicate 

1593. Drayton, EceL These 
noninos of beastly rihanldry. 

cifiso-sok Percy Folio MS,, aox. Cnpid 
bidds itt shold bee soe, because all men 
were made for her hinononino. 

C.Z69S. Bbaumont and Flbtchbr, 
If Mm, Lteut,, iv. 3. That noble mind to 
melt away and moulder For a hby nonnt, 


2. (old). — A simpleton: see 
BuFFLB and Cabbagb-head. 

NONPLUST, adv. (old).— At the end 
of one's tether. Also at point 


zToB-za Swift, Polite Comrtnaiion, 
iL Faith, Tom b nonplust; he looks 
plagnily down in the mouth. 

xSsi. Egan, Li^e in Lond., il L 147. 
Remember that he is not yet out of Pupu's 
Straits, and must not, as you say, be 
blown up at POINT nonplus. 

Nonsense, subs, (old).— i. Money : 
su AcrvAL and Gilt. 

tSsi. Egan, L(/g in Lendom. 
Shell out the nonsbnsb : half a quid Will 
speak more truth than all your palaver. 

2. (old). — 5'(e^qaot. 

1893. Gross, yul^r- Tongit^ [EcAtt], 
S.Y. Nonsbnsb. Melting butter in a wig. 
Also, fastenbg the door with a boiled 

3. (Eton CoU^). — A small 
division of the Third Form. 

Nonsuch, The, suds, (venery).— 
I. The female pudendum : see 

2, (old colloquial). — See qnot. 
1785. Ital. ftna coppa cPoro. 

X767. Ray, Proverbs [Bohn], 179, 


1785. Gross, Vulg, Tomrme, s.v. 
NoNs-sucH. one that h unequalled ; fre- 
quently applied ironically. 

Nonjuror, subs, (old).— 5'<m qnot. 

C.X696. B. E.. Diet Cant. Crew, s.v. 
Nonjurors. Clergirmen and others (Offi- 
cers in the Ann>r. Navy, etc) That 
refus'd to take the Oaths to King William 
and Queen Mary, and were tum'd out 
of dieir Livings and Employments. 

Noodle, subs, (common). — A 
simpleton. Also billy noodle. 
^ImBuffle and Cabbage-head. 
—Ash (1775) 5 Bee (1823). 

1843. MoNCRiSFF, The Seampt of 
London, iL 3. Half-and-half know-noth- 
ing NOODLS. 

C.X845. Sydnby Smith Review ^ 
Benthnm on Fallacies, The whole of 
these fallacies may be gathered together 
in a little oration which we will denominate 
the noodles' oration. 

1864. Forsyth, Life ^ Cicero, xL 
He was such a noodls he did not know 
the value of what he had bought 

1899. G. M. Fbnn, The New 
Mistress, xv. Making a great noodlb of 

Norfolk Howard. 65 


tfiya Rat. ProMr^t •4c Noktolk 
DOMnoNGS. Tnis i « f e if c » (su) not to the 
stature of their bodies; but to the &re they 
oommooly fced on and mo^ delight in. 

1785. Gross, Vulg, Tongntt 8.v. 
NoKPOUc Dumpling, a nick name or 
term of jocnlar reproacn to a Norfolk man, 
dumplings being a favxmrite food in that 

Norfolk Howard, subs» pkr, 
(common). — A bag. 

(Fnnn (says John Camden Hotten) an 
advL in Timts, 23 Tune 1869, as follows : — 
I, Norfolk Howvd, heretofore called and 
nioim by the name of Joshua Bug, late of 
Epsom, ui the o(Minty of Surrey, now of 
Wakefield, in the county of York, and land« 
krd of the Swan Tavern, in the same 
conn^, do hereby give notice that on the 
SQth day of this present month of June, for 
and 00 behalf of myself and heirs, lawfully 
begotten, I did wholly abandon the use of 
the surname of Bug and assumed, took, and 
used, and am determined ... to be called 
and known by the name of Norfolk 
Howard only . . . duly enrolled by me in 
the High Court of Chancery.— Dated this 
asday of June, 1863. — Norfolk Howard, 
late Joshua Bug. — Diligent search in the 
Times of the date mentioned has failed to 
unearth the document. At the same time 
it is certain that a Joshua Bug lived at 
Epsom about the date mentioned.] 

1870. F^;mr0. 19 Oct. Those en- 
tomological pe^ts that are euphemistically 
called Norfolk Howards. Ihid, 1871, 
96 Dec. A traveller at a hotel, wUle 
registering his name, saw a lively Nor- 
FOLK Howard making his way briskly 
across the page. In consternation he 
declared that he had . . . never before 
ston>ed at a place where a Norfolk 
Howard looked over the hotel register to 
see where his room 

1873. Bra, 97 .July* Negligent 
domestic servants, lodging-house keepers, 
bathing arrangements, Dad drainage, Nor- 
folk Howards, careless boatmen, and a 
thousand other topics will be seised upon 
as pegs on which to hang a series of grum- 

1885. Sala, 

A. in Daily Telegraph, 14 
August,''573. ' Bed bu^ the convertible 
term for which b ' chintzes,' are the dis- 
agreeable insects known in modem polite 
&iglish as Norfolk Howards. 

189s. S^ekfyt 6 Au., 757/1. Such 
writers as this, says the lord oi verse, are 
the lice on the loocs of literature. Also I 
should presume they are the flea down die 
back of JPoetry, and the Norfolk Howard 
in theshht or Art. 

3. In pi. (militaiy).— The Nor- 
folk Regiment, fonnerly the 9II1 

NORPOLK-NOG, xs^x. phr, (old).— 
A kind of strong ale. 

1706. VAnKKOGHtJourtuyUL^omha, 
L a. Here's Norfolk nog to be had at 
next door. 

tf.T74X. Swift, Upon Tht Horrid Plot, 
Dog Walpole laid a quart of nog oo't He'd 
either make a hog or dog oo'L 

Nor -LOCH TROUT, subs, pkr, 
(Scots').— .Sk« qnot. 

1808. Jamibson, Diet, s.v. A cant 
phrase fonnerly denoong a joint or leg of 
mutton, ordered for a club of dtixens who 
used to meet in one of the closes l«uling 
down to the North loch. The invitation 
was given in these terms : Will ye gang 
and eat a Nor loch trout T The reason 
of the name isobvious. This was the only 
species cS/isk which the North Lodi, on 
which the shambles were situated, could 

NORP, verb, (theatrical).— To pat in 
phrases that will ' fetch ^ the 
gallery ; to PILR it up (q.v.). 

North, A^'. (nautical). — i. Strong; 
good ; well fortified ; usually of 
grog. Hence dub north = neat; 
TOO FAR NORTH = dnmk. 

X864. Glasgow Hermldj 9 Nov. 
* Review of Hottens' Slang Diet.' An old 
salt delights to order his steward to midce 
his grog ' a little more north,' ' another 
point, steward ;* and so on he may go untU 
the beverage is dub north as the needle. 

2. (common). — Intelligent ; 

FLY (q.V.) ; UP TO SNUFF igJU.). 

Cf. Yx.ierdre U nord s to b« 





zfox Ste^ to iJU Bath [quoted in 
ASHTON, Social Life in Reign o/Q, Anne, 
V. U. p. x68]. I ask'd what Coontrey-man 
my Landlond was f answer was madej Full 
North ; and Faidi 'twas very Evident, 
for he had put the Yorkshirt most damn- 
ably upon as. 

1859. Sala, Gaslight tuui Daylight, 
iii p. 30. Her husband — who, however 
far gone ne may be in liquor, is a long way 
too PAR NOBTH to 'Ust in reality. 

North ALLERT0N8. SeeK^ot, 

1833. Grosk, Vulg. Tongue [Bgan], 
t.v. Nosthallbrtons. Spurs; that place, 
like Rippon, being fiamous for making 

phr, (common). — A gift not 
wanted by the giver nor valued by 
the receiver. 

North-easter, mb5, (old Amer- 
ican). — A New England sixpence 
or shilling temp, Charles I. 
[On one side were the letters 

North-eye, subs.phr, (showmen's). 
—[As in qaot, bat failure has 
followed all attempts to ascertain 
the meaning]. 

1893. Embrson, S(gnor Liffe^ xiv. 
Don't get your back up only having a 
bit of chaff with your North Kyb. 

Northumberland, Lord North- 
umbbrland's Arms, subs, phr, 
(old). — See quot, 

Z823. Grose, Vulg. Tongue [Egan], 
S.V. Northumberland. Lord North- 
umberland's arms ; a black eye : so 
called in the last century. 

Norway neckcloth, subs, phr, 
(old). — See quot. 

178c Grose, Vulg. Tongue, Nor- 
way Nbckcloth^ the pillory, usually 
made of Norway fix, 

Norwich ER, subs. (old). — An un- 
fair drinker : ix., a man who, 
taking first pull at'a tankard, does 
not draw breath till he has pretty 
well emptied the pot 

1896. Atkenemm, 15 Aug., p. z68. 
Thirsty souls I there was no resisung it 
Half-a-dozen old Norwichbrs, after a 
bout of this sort, would become as hilarioas 
and would dance as uproariously as half-a- 
dozen Ej^yptians, full c^the barleywine of 

N08E, subs, (old). — I. An informer. 
Fr., une rijlette ; une tante ; 
une soukuse, and une sandeur, 

xTSa Parker, Li/if s Pmiuter, 167, 
S.V. MosB. Snitch. 

18x9. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. 

1823. Grose, Vulg, Tongue\^Kt(\, 


1828. Bee, Living Picture of 
London, 286. They are frequently made 
use of as noses by the officers. 

1836. Barham, IiuyUdsby Legends 
(ed. 1862X 356. Now Btll, . . . Who as 
his last speech sufficiently shows Was a 
'regular trump'— did not like to turn 

1838. Reynolds, Pickwick Abroad, 
993. 1 was never a nose for the regulars 
came Whenever a pannie was done. 

a. (police). — A paid spy; a 
shadow {q,v,) ; a nark {q,v,). 

Also NOSBR. 

1819. Vaux, Memoirs, s.y.^ A person 
who, seeing one or more su^Mcious duu-- 
acters in the street, makes a point of 
watching them, in order to frustrate any 
attempt they may make, or cause then' 

1893. Grose, Vulg, Tongue [Egan], 
S.V. Nose. 

t85i-6x. Mathew, Lond, Lai. and 
LomL Poor, L 391. I live in Westminster, 
at a [wdding-keD. I'd rather not tell you 
where, not rve anything to fearjbut people 
might think I was a nose, if anybody 
came after me. 

1869. Cortihill Mag.,}L ijfi. There 
are a few men and women among thieves 
called nosers. They are so odled be* 
cause thfe|y are m the secret pay of die 
police,^ giving information when the in> 
formation will not lead to the crimination 
<^ themselves. 

1877. J. Greenwood, Dick Temple. 
How could they know that there wasn t a 
nose — that is a detective p'lceman — there 
in disguise ? 




1884. SmHirdmyRevUm.gTfSb.tX'iZ, 
To liring a hklden crime to lignt by means 
of the poUoeman's nosb. 

Verb, (old),— I. See quots. 
1598 and 1785. 

XS9& Shakspbarb, HmmUi^ iv. 3. 
Yoa shall noss bim as you go up tbe stairs 
bto the lobby. 

1598. Florio, IVoride of Wordttt 
J9atargf to smell, to scent, to nose. 

1738. Bailey, Ef^. Diet, s.v. 

17S5. Grose, WnJ^. Tcnpu, s.v. 
N08B, TO NOSE a stink, to smell it. 

2. (common). — To pry ; to 
snspect ; to discover. 

x6si. Cartwright, OnUmarVt v. 5. 
Nosing a little treason 'gainst the lung. 

x66a. Rump Som. L 6a We will 
thmstthonoatof the Aiain^jTRnl, If they 

do but NOSE OS. 

1664. Cotton, yirHi TrttpesHe 
(xst ed). Must these same Trojan Rascals 
NOSB me, Becanse the FtUee (forsooth) 
oppose me? 

18x9. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. 

x8ax. EtiANj L^e in London, 11. v. 
You are determined no one shall nose 
your ideas. IHd, Their ofl^les were on 
the roll, under an apprehension that the 
beaks were " on the nose." 

xSja H^esfminsier Rev., April, TAe 
Six Acts. The public that nosed the 
' Six Acts ' gave the title that has stuck by 
them ; and condemned them to everlasting 
remembrance by the energy of its 

iBjo, MoNCRiEPP, TAe Hemrt ^ 
London, iL r. I nose : up to snuff. 

1838. Glascock, La$ul Sharks and 
Sea Gulls, iL 103. Go to the landlord 
an' ax if he knows the cove : — ^"t won't do 
to be NOSED, you know. 

X889. Detroit Free Press, 16 Feb. 
He said he didn't like one nosing 
around downstairs. 

3. (thieves*). — To inform. 

x8ax. Egan, Li/e in London, 978. 
No, no, no I do nosing. 

x893. Gross, Vulg. Tongue [Egan], 
SiV. Nose. His pall nosed, and he was 
twisted for a crack ; his confederate turned 
king's evidence, and he was hanged for 

zBsa The La^s Lament [Farmer, 
Musa Pedestris (x8o6X iiL ]. I adwiae yoa 
TO NOSE 00 your pals. 

1834. AiNSWORTH, Rookwood, v^. L 
Nor was he ever known to nose Bpon any 
of his accomplices ; or in other words to 
betray them. 

4. (old). — See€{noi. 1775. 

1775. Ash. Diet, s.v. Nose. To 
bluster, to look oig. 

X785. Gross, Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 

5. (old). — Seeqxxot. 

18x9. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. Nose . . 
To NOSE UPON any one, h to tell of any* 
thing he has said or done with a view to 
injure him, or to benefit yoursdt 

[Many colloquialisms are here con- 
veniently grouped : e.g., to put one's 
NOSE OUT op joint » to Supplant j to 
wipe one's NOSE a (i) to ooseu : (2) to 
affront ; and (3) in^ medidne, to discover 
an error in diagnosis^ and alter treatment 
fthe mistaken practitioner is said to have 
nis NOSE wiped) ; to put one's nose in 
THE mangers to eat; to pollow one's 
nose «b to go straight forward ; to lead 


THROUGH THE NOSE b to pay extrava- 
gantly; to put one's nose into any- 
thing a to meddle; to turn up one's 
NOSEBto disdain: to cast in (<»- to 

PLAY with) ones NOSEBto twit, OT tO 

ridicule ; to have one's nose on the 
grindstone a to be held at a disadvan- 

to be cheated; in spite op your nose a 
in your teeth ; to bite (or to cut opp) 
one's nose to spite one's pace a to be 
revenged to one's own detriment ; to tell 
(or TO count) noses a to appeal to 
numbers ; to make a person's nose 
swBLLato make jealous; to measure 
noses a to meet; to take pepper in 
THE NosBa(T) to take offence ; and (a) 
to mistrust ; as plain as the nose on 
one's pace a beyond arg^ument ; a good 
nose a a smell-feast; to make a bridge 
OP someone's nose a to pass in drinking, 
also to supersede; to hold up onbs 
NOSE a to be proud; a nose op wax a 
a complaisant or accommodating disposi- 
NOSEasnotS ; ON THE NOSEaoo the 

a a drunkard's nose, a poop-lantern ; 
YOUR NOSE UP MY ARSRaan expression of 
supreme contempt; a long nose is a 




LADV*8 UKiMG flengtfa ftbove being beld to 
indicate length oelow) ; to sbb thb mosb 
CHBBSB FIRST SB to lefuse contemptoously; 
MyNOSBiTCHBs!sajocuUr invitation to 
kiis, the retort being ^ I knew I was «>ing 
to sneeze, be cursed, or kissed by a Tool/ 
but see quot. xtoS-xo ; and so forth]. 

1543. Udall. tr. of Apophi, ^ 
ErtumuSt P> 6^ A feloe had cast him 
IN THB NOSE, that he gave so large monie 
to aoche a nanghtie dzabbe. 

z57a Eldbrton, LtnUn Stufi* 
Pepper ys come to a marvelos pryse, Som 
say, thys Lenton season ; And every body 
that ys wyse May soone perceve the 
reson ; For every man takes pbppbr in 
THB nose For the waggynge of a strawe, 

1580. Tarlton, Ntwes out of 
Purg-.f xa Myles, hearing him name the 
baker, took straight pbppbr in thb nosb, 
and, starting up . . . swore I by cockes- 
bread, the oaker ; and he that saies to 
the contrary, heere stand I, Myles. the 
bakers man, to have the proudest cardinall 
of you ail by the eares. 

1581. RiCHB, FarewtU (Narbs). 
Who . . . vras verte well assured that it 
could bee no other than his owne manne 
that had thrust his nosb so parrb out 


159Z. Nashb, ProgmatHetUion 
[Grosart (z883*4), tl X67]. Some shal be 
so sun burnt with sitting in the Alehouse, 
that their nosbs shall bbb ablb to 
light a candlb. 

1598. Florio, WorUe of Wordet, 
I.V. Montart su la Bica, to tajcb 
pbppbr in thb nosb, to be sore angrie. 

t6o3. Dbckbr, SattromasUxj in 
JVks, (1873), I 9x6. Yonder bald Adams, 
is PUT MV nosb from his iovnt; but 
Adam I will be even to you. 

1604. Shakspbarb. IVinUf't TaU^ 
iv. 4, 832. Thoush authority be a stub- 
bom bear, yet he is oft lbd by thb nosb 
with gold. 

x6o6. Wily Beguiled (Dodslbv, 
OU Plays (1874), ix. 242]. There b one 
Sophos, a brave gentleman ; hell wipb 
your son Peter's nosb of Mistress Lelia. 

X607. Marston. What You Will^ 
Induction. He's a cnollerick gentleman : 
he will TAKB pbppbr in thb nosb 

1607. PuriUm^ v. x« Now all the 
Knights NO6BS ARB put out of joint. 

x6o8. Armin, Nest of Ninma 
[Narbs]. Standing on tip^toe. looking 
toward the door to behold a rivall, that he 
would Ptrr his nosb out of joint. 

x6xa. Passenger qf Beuvenuto 
[Narbs]. Strange children, to wipb her 
husbands owns childrbns nosb of 
their share in his goods. 

z6x4. Bernard, Tertnee im JSugHsk 
[Narbs]. And v^y so, I pray you, but 
that you love him better than me T^ And 
fearing now least this wench which is 
brought over hither should put your 
nose out the jovnt, comming betweene 
home and you, and so have such a trimme 
fellow her selfe. 

x6x^ Bernard, Tertnee in Englisk 
[Narbs]. But loe, nowe comes fiarth the 
very destruction of our substance : who 
wipes our noses of all that we should 
have. IhuL I'vb wiped the old men's 
NOSES of thttr money. 

X630. Optick Glasse of Humors 
(Narbsj. a man is teisty, and anger 
wrinckles his nose, such a man tuces 


1630. Massinger, Unnai. Comiat, 
V. 3. But vows with you being like To 
your religion, a nosb of wax, To be 
turned every way. 

X642. Howell, Porreiste Travell^ 
p. 44. I have known divers Dutch Gentle* 
men grosly guld by this cheat, and som 
English bor1> also through the nosb 
this way. 

X646. Randolph, Jeaiaut Levers 
[Narbs]. Shee was soe nosb-wip't, 
slighted, and disdain'd. Under honour's 
dMk soe closely muffled, And in my rare 
projects soe shtmed. 

x66a Howell, Part of Beasts. 
p. 35. Those fears and jealousies appeared 
afterwards to every common man as 


but meer forgeries and suppositious 

<^x66o. Bp. Gaudbn, Teares ^ the 
Ckurcht p. X05. The jpolle and number 
of the names ... I think to be but the 
number of the Beast, if we onely tell 
NOSES, and not consider reasons. 

x66a. Pepys, Diary, 3X May. The 
King is pleased enoujsh with her : which 
I fear, will put Madam Castlemaine's 





1(62. Rump Songt [Narks]. Alas, 
what take ye pkppkk in thb nose To 
sw long Charles his colours wome in 


1664. Cotton, Virgil TrmftttU 
(ist edX 60. There lies your way, follow 


1675. Cotton, Scojffir Scofft^ in 
Wku (1735)^ D. x8a. Spight op yoitr 
NOSB, and will ye, nil ye, I will go home 
agam, that willL 

X603. Wood, Foiti Oxon^y tL Too 
easy, like a mosb op wax, to be tamed on 
that side. 

c;i6q6. B. E., Diet. CatU. Crtw^%.v, 
NosB. Follow your nose, said in a 
jeer to those that know not the way, and 
are bid to smell it oot, as we say to smell 
a j)ost. IhieL He is led by the nose. 
Of one that is easily imposed upon. Ibid, 
As PLAIN AS THE NOSE in vooT tace. Ibid, 
He has a good nose. Ot a Smell Feast 


When you pass yoox next Nei^bor in 
Drinking or one is preferr'd over another's 
bead. IHd, He holds up his nose, of 
one that b Haughty, and carries his Head 

xToS-xoh Swift, PoliU Conversa- 
Horns, I, Follow your Nose ; go, enquire 
among the Servants. Ih'd. Jvtveraui. 
Pray, my Lord, don't make a Bridge ok 
UY nose. Ibid, Mist, Anything for a 
qoiet life \ my nose itch'd, and I Icnew I 
SQould drink wine, or Idss a fooL 

xTsa Jftw Catti. DieL^ 8.v. Nose. 

dlx745. Swift, To Gay, Nor think 
yoorself secure in dobg wrong By telung 
noses with a party strong. 

1731. Windsor MedUy^ 13. If you 
FOLLOW YOUR NOSE, yott're as sure as a 

Z764. CHara, Midmst L 4. Ajre, 
Pol, the hind, put out of joint our 


f. Toi 

Ray, Proverbs [Bohn), 151, 
S.V. to make a bridge of one's nose. 
i.*. To intercept one's trencher, cup^ or 
the like ; or to offer or pretend to do kind- 
nesses to one, and then pass him by, and 
do it to another ; to lay hold upon and 
serve himself of Uiat which was mtended 
for another. 

178X. CowpER, Truth, , . With slip- 
shod beds ft DBWDROP AT HIS NOSE. 

Z785. Grose, Vulg^, Tomgue, s.v. 
No» ; TO PUT one's nose out of joint, 
to rival one in the favor of any person. 
Ibid, To FOLLOW one's nose, to go 
straight forward. Ibid, He is led by 
THE NOSE, he is governed. Ibid, As 


evidently to be seen. Ibid To make a 
BRIDGE OF anyone's NOSE, to psss by him 
in drinking. 

X833. Lytton, Godoiphin, 11. iii. To 
find their noses put out of joint by that 
little mischief-making interloper i 

X838. Neal, Charcoal SkstdUs [De 
Vere]. At all events he had his nose to 
THE grindstone, an operation which 
should make men keen. 

X844. Buckstone, The Maid with 
Milkiug PaiL Now my nose is put 
completely out of joint. No niceties — 
no pudding — no fresh salt butter — no 
cabbage soup — ^no nothing I 

1859. Kingslby, Geogry Hamlyn. 
xxxiiL Lesbia ^ve herself the airs, ana 
received the privileges of being the hand« 
somest woman in those parts, till Alice 
came, and put her nose out of joint, 
for which she never forgave her. 

x86a Geo. Eliot, Mill on the Floss, 
UL. 5. To TURN UP HIS nose at his 
father's customers, and to be a fine gentle- 

x86x. Hughes, Tom Browa at 
Oxford, vL I like to see a fellow an 
honest srubber at breakfast and dinner ; 
but yon ve always got your nosb in the 


x86q. Yeats, Faisy Tales of ths 
Irish Peasantry, 237. From this. . . he 
kept Bill's nosb to the grindino- 

x87a Figaro, q6 Oct.^ The Prus- 
sians, to whom an immediate supply of 
these is necessary, have to pay wiiat is 
vulgarly called through the nose. 

X873. De Verb, Atnerieanisms, 630, 
S.V. Nose to the grindstone^ a very 
expressive phrase, denoting the ill'treat- 
ment received at the hands of a successful 
adversary who takes full advantage of his 

x888. Rolf Boldrewood, Robberv 
under Arms, xxtiL These sort of men 
PAY through the NOSE for everythbg. 

N08E-AND-CHIN, xs^i. /Ar (rhym- 
ing).— A penny : a win (^.».). 




1336. DiCKBNs, Pickwick, vii. In 
sborr, when Dumkins was caught out, and 
Podder stomped out, All-Moesleton had 
NOTCHBD, some fiftv-foor, whue the score 
of the Dmgley Ddlers was as blank as 
their faces* 

Note, subs, (American). — i. A 

2. (American). — A singer.— 
Matsbll (1859). 

NOTER, subs. (Harrow School).— 
A notebook. 

N0TC-8HAVCR, subs. phr. (Amer- 
ican). — A osarer ; a osnrions com- 
positor : sp^nfically a wild-cat 
BANK {q.v.) purchasing notes of 
hand at excessive rates of dis- 
count. [Obsolete since the regu- 
lation of banks by Congress.] See 

NOTHiNQ. Su Dancb, Neck, and 

Notice to quit, subs, phr, (old).— 
Set quot. 

182^ Gross, Vulg. Tongue [EganI, 
S.V. NoTicx TO (juiT. A cant phrase. 
When a person is in danger of dyin^ from 
had health, it is said, he has received a 


Notion, subs. (Winchester College). 
— I. A word, usage, or phrase 
peculisur to Winchester College. 

Z891. Notiotu [Title). 

2. (American). — ^A trifle; a 
nick-nack: specifically (in//.) = 
wares in general. 

1719. Ward, London Spy, L 3. s.v. 

xSac Nbal, Bro. /ona t ka n t 11. 33. 
The taliow, com, cotton, hams, hides, and 
so forths, which we had got in exchange 
for a load of Yankee notions. 

1836. Michael Scott, Cruise qf 
Mida^ 300. A cargo of flour and notions, 
consigned to Macal, Walker, and Co. 

184a Dana, 7\oo Ytarsbe/ort ik€ 
MMi, XXXV. A cargo of fresh provisions, 
mules, tin bake.pans, and other notions. 

1846. Marrvat, Ptter Sitnpie, uu 
iii. [1846I, 335. Her cargo consisted di 
what the Americans call notions : that is 
in English an assorted cargo. 

t866. Howblls, Von€iian Li/k, ix. 
Fruitstands, and stands for the sale of 
crockery, and — as I most say for want of a 
better word, if there is any — notions, 
were in a state of tasteful readmess. 

1867. Smyth, Sailof^s Word Book, 
SOX, S.V. Notions. An American sea> 
term for a cargo in sorts ; thus a notion 
vessel on the west coast of America is a 
perfect baxaar : but one, which sold a mix- 
ture—logwood, bad claret, and sugar — to 
the priests for sacrament wine hadto run 
for It. 

x894. C Kbnnan, in The Century^ 
xxxviiL 83. American goods of all Idnds 
bought from California, suddenly made 
their appearance in the village shops ; 
and ... I saw the American tin-ware, 
lanterns, and Yankee notions. 

1888. St, Louis dobe-Democrat, 3x 
Jan. Thursday, January 36, regular auc- 
tion sale of dry goods, famishing goods, 
motions, hats and aq>8, etc. 

X89X. Sportsman, x April. To 
examine the remedies which came from 
the land of the Stars and Stripes, the home 
of Colonel Buncombe and ci innumerable 


Notional, adj. (colloqaial).— 
Imaginative ; whimsical ; senti- 
mental. Also NOTIONATB. 

1697.03. Gtntlemtn*s Journal, Mar., 
5. The lady tip'd (perhaps) out of her 
NOTIONAL love, was downright bent for a 
more substantial one. 

X738. Bailbv, Eng. Diet, s.v. 

x88i. HowELLS, Dr, Breen's Prae- 
ties, ix. She's been a little notional, 
she's had her head addled by women's talk, 
and she's in a queer freak. 

Nottamizer, subs, (old).— A dis- 
secting surgeon. 

x888. Smeaton, Doings in London, 
At length his affectionate rib acknowledged 
that she had sold the corpse saying she had 
no idea the nottamizers would have 
given so much for poor Jc^'s body. 


73 Nubbing-cheat. 

Nozzle, subs, (pugilists'). —The 
nose: smConk. — Gro8B(i785). 

1871. G. Mkrbdith. Harry Rich- 
mond^ viL 70 (z886X Fight, my mory 
one; she takes panisbment, the prize- 
fighter sang oaL First blood to you, 
KuMni ; uncork his claret, my duck ; 
stru^^t at the nozzle, he sees more lamps 
than shine in London, I warrant 

Verb, (tailors'). — I. To shrink: 


=to shrink the fronts of trousers. 
Also (2), to pawn. 

Nth (or Nth plu8 one), sytbs. 
(University). — Su quot 

1864. Brewbr, Pkrast and Fable, 
S.V. . . . Nth, to the utmost degree. 
Thus Cut to tkg Nth means wholly an- 
tioticed by a firteod. The eicpression is 
taken from the index of a mathematical 
formula, w^ere n stands for any number, 
•od nphu X more than any number. 

Nub, subi, (Old Cant).— i.The neck. 
— B. E. {c, 1696); Bailey (1728); 
Grose (1785) ; Matsbll (1859). 

2. (old). — Copulation : see 
Greens and Ride. — Grose 

3. (Old Omt).— A husband. 

Verb, (Old Cant).— To hang : 
su Ladder. 

CX7X2. Budg aadSnudg Song [Fab* 
MBS, Musa Pedestris (189^, 33]. When 
that he hath nubbbo us. 

X743. FiBLDiMG, Jonathan Wild, 
IV. iL I am committed for the filing 
lay, man, and we shall be both nubbbd 

Nubbin, subs, (American). — A 
remnant ; a small remainder. 

NUBBINQ, subs, (Old Cant). — i. 
Hanging.— B. E. (r. 1696) ; New 
Cant, Diet, (172S) ; Grosb 

2. (Old (>uit).— (Population : 
see Greens and Ride. 


CHIT), subs, (Old (^t).— The 
pallows, whence NUBbing = a 
hanging ; nubbing-Covb = the 
hangman; and nubbing-ken = 
the Sessions House. — B. £. 
{c, 1696); New Cant, Diet, 
(1725) ; Grose (1785). 

English synonyms. Abra- 
ham's balsam (in botany = a 
species of willow) ; Beilb/s ball- 
room ; Chates (chattes or chats) ; 
City stage (formerly in front of 
Newgate ; crap ; deadly never- 
green ; derrick ; forks ; govern- 
ment sign-post ; hanging-cheat ; 
horse foaled by an acorn ; hotel 
door-posts ; the ladder ; leafless- 
tree ; mare with three legs ; Moll 
Blood (old Scots*) ; mormng-drop; 
prop (Punch and Judy) ; the 
queer-*em (queer-*un queer-'um) ; 
scrag ; scrag-squeezer ; sherifiPs 
picture-frame ; squeezer ; stalk 
(Punch and Judy) ; the stifler ; 
the swing ; three-legged mare ; 
three trees ; toppmg cheat ; 
Tower-hill vinegar (the swords- 
man's block) ; tree that bears 
fruit all the year round ; tree 
with three comers ; trejming- 
cheat ; triple-tree ; Tuck'em Fair ; 
Tyburn cross ; widow ; wooden- 
legged mare. 

French synonyms. Vabbaye 
de Monte - d, - regret ( = Mount 
Sorrowful Church : also Pabbayt 
de M<mte-d-reb<mrSy and Pabbaye 
de ScUnt- Pierre = cinq pierresy the 
five flag-stones in front of La 
Roquette) ; la bcLScule ; U biquille 
( = crutch) ; la b^quillarde ; la 
butte-d-regret ( = Heavy - Arse- 
Hill) ; les deux mdts^ or le haut 
mdt (old); rSschelle (= Ladder, 
q,v,)\ la fenetre (in allusion to 
the aperture into which fedls the 
knife) ; le giant ; la Jambe ; Id 




NULL-QR0PCR8, iubs. phr, (old).— 

1833. Gross, Vnig, Tongut [Egan], 
S.V. NuLLGROPBRS. Penons wfaosweep 
the ttreetSi m search dfold iron, nails, etc 

NULLINQ-COVC, subs, (pugilists').— 
A pngilist — Vaux (1819) ; 
Grose (1823). 


(military). — The Coldstream 
Guards. Also known as *' The 

NUMAN8, subs, (Old (>uit).— New- 

x6jo. Rowlands, Martin Marh'-aU 
(H. dab's Repr. X874X 39i s.v. 

Number. Set Mbss. 


NUMBERS, verb, phr, (old Parlia- 
mentary). — ^To (»11 for a division ; 
to put the matter to the vote. — 
Grose (1785). 

Number 9, subs, phr, (old). — 
The Fleet Prison. [No. 9, Fleet 
Market].— Bee (1823). 

Number nip, subs, (venery). 
— ^The female pudendum : iu 

Number One, subs, (collo- 
quial). — I. Self. To TAKE CARE 

OF Number One = to look 
after one's own interests. 

1838. DicKSNS, Oliver Twisty xliL 
Some conjurors say that number three is 
the magic number, and some say number 
seven. It's neither, my friend, neither. 
It's NUMBER ONB. Ha i ha 1 cried Mr. 
Bdter. Number one for ever. ' 

1848. Lowell, A Fable for Critics ^ 
48. like most fiatherS| Bull^ bates to see 
number one Displacmg himself in the 
mind of his son. 

1871. Jndy^ 29 July. If a man 
doesn't take care of Na z, he will soon 
have O to take care of I 

1873. Spectator, as Mar., 379. coL i. 
It is m the early chapters, too, that the 
author speaks of himself, seldom referring 
to number one afterwards — ^for a less 
egotistical book we have seldom seen. 

x886. KKHNAnDf Girl m Br. //abitt 
XL I was just beginning to find number 
ONE remarkably oad company^ and am 
most grateful to yoa for jrour visit. It will 
do me an immensity of good. 

2. (nursery). — Urination; also 
a chamber-pot 

3. (prison). — The cat-o'-nine- 

1889. AMxtuers, 9 March, 333, 3. 
Punishment was ordered by the Directors 
— the Governor has no power to order 
flogging — ^and took the shape of two dozen 
of No. 1. 

To be at Number One, Lon- 
don, verb, phr, (common). — To 
have the menstrual disd^arge : see 

Number six. See Newgate 


Number two, subs, phr, (pri- 
son). — I. The birch. 

1889. Amnuers, ^ Mar., 333, 3. No. 
a, by the way, is the birch. 

2. (nursery). — Evacuation. 

NuMPS, subs, (old).— A dolt; a 
fool : see Bufflb and Cabbage- 

16x4. JoNSON, Barthelemem Fair^ 


1673. Parker, Reproof 0/ Rehearsal 
Traast p. 8$. Take hearts, numps 1 here 
is not a word of the stocks. 

NUM8 (or NUMMS), subs, (Old 
Cant). — A clean collar on a dirty 
shirt. C/. DICKEY. — B. E. 
{c, 1696) ; New Cant, Diet, 
(1725) ; Grose (1785). Also as 
adj, =sham. — Matsbll (1859). 




NuNYARK, stibs, (showmen's).— 509 


z85x-6x. Mavhbw, London Lab,, 
vol iiL 90T. [Ethiopian serenader hq,\ 
We coold then, after our nunyakb and 
bavare (that's whaA we call eat and drink, 
and I think it's broken Italian), carry home 
our 5/> or 6/- each, easy. Ibta.., 149. We 
[strolling actors] call breakfast, dinner, tea. 
Upper, all of them nunvark ; land all beer, 
brandy, water, or soup, are benvare. 

Nup (or Nupson), stihs, — A fool : 
su BuFFLB and Cabbagb-hbad. 

xsSa Lingua [Bodslev. Old Play t^ 
T. 150]. 'Tis be indeed, the vilest nup : yet 
the fool loves me exceedingly. Ihidt v. 
398. I sav Phantastes b a foolish trans- 
psrent gull ; a mere fianatic nupson. 

1596. & JoNSON, Every Mam in ht$ 
HumcuTt iv. 4. Othat I were so happy as 
to Ug^t apoQ a NUPSON now. 

x6x6. Bem J onsov, Dtttil is am Ass, 
ils. Who having matched with such a 


X785. GsosB, ^mSt* Tongiu,, 8. v. 

Nu PPKNcCy suds. (American).— 
Nothing. [From ' no pence/ on 
the model of ' tuppence '= 2d.] 

x886. A. Lang, in Lomgmams^ Mag., 
viL 551. The Americans can get oar 
books, and do get thern^ and republish 
them and ^ive as nothing — that awful 
minus quantity, nuppbncb 1 

NupTiATK, verb, (American).— To 
marry; TO get hitched (^.v.). 

NuRCMBURG-EGQ, subs, pkr. (old). 
— ^An early kind of watch, oval m 
shape. [Invented, c. 1500, in 

NURLY, adj. and adv. (American). 
— Ill • tempered ; cross - grained. 
[From * gnarly ']. — Db Vb&b 

Nurse, subs, (common). — i. An 
old man*s maid, frequently doing 
doable duty — ^nurse and smock 

SERVANT {q,V,). 

2. (nautical).— ik^qnot 

Z867. Smtth, Sonar's IVard-Boak, 
509, 8. V. NuRSB. An able first lieutenant, 
who in former times had charge of a young 
boy<aptain of interest, but possessing no 
knowledge for command. 

3. 5«tf Wet-nurse. 

Verb. (Old Cant).— i. To 
coaen.— Grose (1785). 

2. (billiards').— To keep the 
three balls close in play so as to 
score successive cannons. Hence, 


3. (omnibus drivers'). — To 
cheat an opposition bus of pas- 
senders by arivinjg close in front or 
behmd ; two vehicles are generally 
emplojred to nurse the victim. 

X858. Morning ChromicU, 8 Mar. 
The cause of the delay was that defendant 
was waiting to nursb one of their omni. 

X863. The Dban op Cantbrburv, in 
Good Words, p. 197. Many words are by 
rule hitched off with two commas ; one 
before and one behind ; nursed, as the 
Omnibus Company would call it. 

X884. Echo, 7 May, x, 4. Another 

Shenomenal witness, a Inis conductor, 
id not even know what nursing rivals 

1893. Emsxson, Signar Lippo, xvi. 
Some of 'em wanted to nursx me, Ixit I 
managed to give the mare a touch of the 
spur and she flew out, the starter calling 
me to account 

X889. Mam of ika World, 09 June. 
Only a fortnight ago I witnessed an 
elderljr man run over and killed m Qneen 
Victoria Street through this very cause. 
SureW a man's life is worth more than the 
gratification of the ambition of a nursing 
omnibus driver. 

xooa Daily TeUgrapk, aa Mar., 4. 
6. A case of alleged nursing by nvai 
omnibuses occupied a large part of the 
afternoon sitting. 

To BE AT Nurse, verb. pkr. 
(old). — To be in the hands of 
trustees.— Grose (1785). 




1887. Hbnlxv. Cultmrt in iht 
Sbtm, 'Ballade,' iiL The GrosvcDor's 

NUTS— it is, indeed. 

1893. MiLLiKBN, *Arry BaiUuUi 4. 
If s KUTS to 'ook on to a sweU. 

7. in//. (Stock Exchange).— 
Barcelona Tramway Shares. 

S. (common). — ^A drink ; a go 
(^.tr.) : su Drinks. 

Verb, (old).— I. To fondle ; to 
o^e ; to SPOON (q.v,), — ^Vaux 


xSaa LmuUm Mag,, L 36. Always 
NUTTING each other. 

1833. Ghosb, Vu(gr, Tongut [Egan], 
t.T. NoTS. The cove's nutting the 
blowen ; the man is trying to please the 


2. (pugilists'). — To strike on 
the head. 


ON, verb, phr, (common). — i. 

See^xxot. 1819* 

18x9. Vaux, Memtnrt, 8.v. Nuts 
UPON IT, to be very mnch pleased or 
gratified with any object, adventure, or 
overture ; so a person who conceives a 
strong inclination for another of the oppo- 
site sexj is said to be quite nuttv, or nuts 
UPON hun or her. 

xSa^. Gkosb, Vm^. Tongue [Egan], 
S.V. Nuts. She's nuts upon her cull; 
she's pleased with her cully. 

1851. Diegtiust ii* 3o> It's rich nutty 
flavour I'm nuts on no more. 

z86a Punch's Book 0/ British Cos- 
tumes, xxxviiL p. 310. Or cowls^ but left 
their beads with nothing but their hair to 
cover them. The fact was that the 
dandies were so nuts upon their 'nuts' 
that they did not like to hide their fair (or 
dark) proportions. 

1873. Black, Princess of TkulCf xL 
My aunt is awful nuts on Marcus Aure- 
lias ; I b^ your pardon, you don't know 
the phrase ; my aunt makes Marcus Aure- 
lius ner Bible. 

zSSa. Punch, Lxxxii. 177. I am 
NUTS UPON Criminal Cases, Perlice News, 
you know, and all that. 

1893. MiLLiKBM, 'Arty Bmiirnds, ta 
I m not NUTS ON Bohea. 

2. (common). — To be very 
skilful or dexterons. 

3. (common). — To be particu- 
lar ; to detest. 

1890. Punch, aa Feb. He's huts 
ON Henery George. 

To CRACK A NUT (Old ScotS*). 

— See quot. 

1889. Notes and Queries, 7 S. viiL 
437* In country gentlemen's houses [in 
Sotfland] in the olden time, when a fr^ 
guest arrived he was met by the laird, who 
made him crack a NUi^-that is, drink 
a silver-mounted cocoa-nut shell full of 

The NUT, subs, phr. (nautical). 
— See qoot 

1891. Daily ^ Telegraph, aj Mar. 
Other notes and time-honoured hostelries 
of Portsmouth town are affectionately 
commemorated, if not by absolute repro- 
duction, by borrowing their signs. Tnus 
in one comer, may be discovered the 
Kbppbl's Head, known to all her 
Majesty's navy as the Nut, but perhaps 
hardly to be recognised in its ChelsSi 
guise— a temperance csSi, 

A NUT TO CRACK, phr, (col- 
loquial). — A problem to solve ; a 
puzzle to explain ; a difficulty to 

1843. LofiGrRLUOW,S/anishSiudent. 
I've NUTS TO otACK, but where shall I 
find almonds. 

1849. Lytton, Caxtons, l L To 
others this nut of such a chancter was 

, 1897: Daily AfaiL 26 Oct, 4, 3, The 
mformation gained by the recent gun-boat 
reconnaissance up nver . . . shows that 
this position will be a hard nut to crack. 

Off one's NUT,/>lr. (common). 
— I. Crazy. 

1876. Sius, Dagonet Ballads {PoUyy, 
Or to go OPP THEIR NUTS about ladies as 
dies for j^ung fellers as fights. 

2. (common). — Dnmk ; in li- 
quor : see Drinks and Screwed. 

1 —The teetn • "• Ajmefiw* ^j^ 

"55- „,^ m. HUTWWJ- ,_De«4«* 


Stat, (old).— I. 
'six simple- 
ton : Mf BuPFLB 
and Cabbacb- 
JIEAD. Hence 
OAFDOM = the 
ircnld of loots; 
OAFISH = stupid, 
— B.E. (c. t696);GitosB(i785). 

1611. BuKTOH, Altai, e/ MtL, i. 11. 
IV. _vL 9ig (1836). tliauib be beu AurM, 

i6j7. DbaYTON, Nrr^Udut, 79. 
The Adrr led tbl> oaf, And took *wiiy the 

1633. Y\XKtaaimA%Kaaxt,llifU 
tValktr, L 4. The feu- of bneding rub 

U. ThiioustetaTmine, Itut lUndibc/ari 
5S'm 0*°", uT' 

6. i* . 

■fl Ldeot, a wiiul. 

PfoloKue- Wilh Nature'i OAra, 'tij quite 
■ diffrent Cbk. For Foitune favoun nil 

1706. fKKiaHiHit/ticntUingOgktr, 
in. I. Whu'ilhMto]pm,i>Art 

H.Old-WtrU fJyIU, 

u. Wc have puKd fron PUImf^t-i"^ 
tealedin our oafdou, Giviiic grace BotJtU 

Oak. f«^i. (old).— I. A mail of 
mbstance and credit. — B.B. 
(C.1696): Gkosb (1735): Matsbll 

3. (Uaiveiatr). — An outer 
door. To SPORT ONR's OAK=tO 
be ' not at home ' 1 indicated by 
closing the outer dooi. 
17SS. Gross, Vulg. TinteMt,t.w. 
18.5. Ttu CpU 


lock, ofi 


Crtifurr, iv. Vougrenlill-fMliion^oAF, 
vitb icuc* tcDIe enouih [0 keep youi 
piootb ibut. 

18 |U BvFow, ftna Iffl in a 
SmmMtrMiat. Thii guilltai oaf hii 
vmcADcy of Kiue Supplied, «id unply too, 

iSgi- Tkackirat, Barry Zjmdtn, 
UL 4J. Her chui hid been Hopped by i 
bighwuTiiuii : the [rcat oat of ■ lemnl- 
obAD hid fillen down 00 bii kueea iniHd 

1861. Hdches, Ttm Bmm al 
Oxford, vii- One evemne be fouDd bin- 
lelf i« lUuil U Hudy'A doOE ibauL eif bt 
o'dock. Tbi DAK vu open, bat he g« 

word ligniliElh to be provoked, 01 to bin 
ippeliit or deiire w voBiil properlT opoo 
ibeieii, oTini ihip. Tbejr call it filuhc 




1670. Ray, Proverbs [Bohn (1893), 

178]^ S.V. 

1696. B. E., Diet, Cant, Crew, %.y. 
Oats. One that has sold his wild oats, 
or one having run out of all, begins to take 
up and be more staled. 

^.1707. Du«FBV, Pills to Purge, A^ 
(1707), iL 976. Sow your wild Oats, 
And mind not her wild Notes. 

X785. Grose, Vufg^, Tongue, 8.v. 
Oats^ hb has sowbd his wild oats, he 
is staid, or sober, having left off his ^dld 

Z858. Lvtton, Whmi Will He Do 
With It f VIII. V. Poole had picked up 
some wild oats— he had sown them now. 

Feed of oats, suds, thr, 
(common). — i. A whip ; and (2) 
a beating. 

verb, phr, (provincial). — Of 
horses : to fall on the back rolling 
from one side to the other 

To FEEL one's oats, verb, phr, 
(American). — ^Toget bamptions. 
Cf, Beans. 

x888. St, Paul and Minneapolis 
Pioneer, m July. The Kentuckians nave 
certainly brought Little Falls to the front 
dumg the past year, and Little Falls 
fVXLS HBR oats, and will undoubtedly 
expand under her new name of Falb City. 

Oath. —To take an oath, verb, 
phr, (common). — ^To drink ; TO 


HiGHGATB OATH, Subs, phr, 

(old). — ^A jocose asseveration 
which travellers towards London 
were required to take at a certain 
tavern at Highgate. They were 
obliged to swear that they would 
not prefer small beer before strong, 
unless indeed they liked the smiul 
better ; never to kiss the maid if 
they could kiss the mistress, un- 
less the maid was prettier ; with 
other statements of a similar kind. 


Oatmeal, subs, (old).— A loyster- 
ing profligate : su Roaring boy 
and Dandy. 

1656. FoRp, SuWs Darling, l L 
Swagger in my poc-meals, D— n— me's 
rank with, Do mad pranks with Roaring 
boys and oatmeals. 

All the world is not oat- 
meal, /i&r. (old colloquial).—^ 
quots. Cf, Beer and Skittles. 

Z543. Apopk, of Erasmus C^epL), 

. when Leosthenes had perswaded the 

citee of Athenes to make warre beejmg set 
0gog to tkinke ai>l thb worlds otbmble, 
anato imagin the recouerin^ of an high 
name of fireedome and of prmdpalitee or 

16x5. Araigmttent of Lewde, Idle 
Wowen, cap. m. par. z. Thb worldb is 
NOT ALL MADB OF otbmbalb, nor all is 
not golde that glisters. 

1673. yinegar and Mustard, 
'Wednesday's Lecture.' Now you are 
come ashore, you think the world runs on 
wheels, and that all thb world is oat- 
MBAL ; but yofxIX find it to the contrary. 

0AT8-AND-BARLEY, Subs, phr, 

(rhyming). — Charley. 

1898. Pink ^Un tmd Pelican, z^io. 
Bob and his particular chum Oats (whioi 
is short rhyming slang for Charlev. 
" Oats-and- Barley" it is in full, but the 
true art of it lies in the abbreviation). 

0AT8-AND-CHAFF, jtf^i./i&r. (rh3rm- 
ing). — A footpath. 

0AT-8TEALER, subs, phr, (common). 
— An ostler. 

Ob, subs, (Winchester College).— 
A contraction of *• obit,' 

Obadiah, subs, (obsolete).— A 

Ob-khD'%oll^r, subs, phr, (old).— 
A scholastic disputant [From 
* Objection * and * Solution ' used 
in the maigin of books. ] 

Z638. Whiting, Albino and Bel- 
lama [Narbs]. Minerva does not all her 
treasures rivet Into the semes of oii# 





1678. BuTLSR, Hud., III. iL Ta4X. 
To pass for deep and learned scholars, 
AlthoQgh bat paltiy ob-and-sollbrs : As 
if th' unseasonable fools Had been a 
ooorsbg in the schools. 


verb. phr. (old). — Su qaot 
1833. Gross, Vulg. TVn^^v/ [Egan], 


to appear contented when one has cause 

0- BE- JOYFUL, subs. phr. (old).— 
Su quot Whence O-be-joyful 
WORKS = a drinking shop. 

1823. Gross, Vulg, Tong%u [Egan], 
S.V. O BB JOYPUL, good liquor ; brandy. 


joyful' on (or with)the other 
SIDE OF THE MOUTH, verb. phr. 
(old). — ^To make one cry : see 
Mouth.— Grose (1785). 

Obeum, The, subs. phr. (Univer- 
aty). — ^The name for a water- 
closet bailding at Cambridge. 
[Attributed by me Undergraduates 
to the energy of O(scar) B(rown- 

Obfuscated, adj. (common). — 
Drunk : see Drinks and Screw- 

i86z. H. KiNGSLBY, Ravtnshct^ xxL 
In a general state of obpuscation, in 
consequence of being plied with strange 
liquors by their patrons. 

1869. Bradwood, Tht O. V. H. 
xxviiL Whose ignorance or temporarily 
obfuscated brain caused him to mistake 
his employer for Mr. Blake. 

1872. Standard^ 30 Dec. He then 
missed three shillings from his pockets, 
and a knife. Witness added that he was 
very much obfusticated at the time, 
but be was sure there was no other man 
in the room. 

Obit, subs, (journalists').— An obitu- 
ary notice. 

1874. W. Black, in Atfumtum, 
12 Sept., 353. Some little time ago, the 
sub-editor ol a New York daily newspaper 
wrote to me begging me to send^ him the 
proper materials for the construction of an 
OBIT. He said it was the custom of his 
journal to keep obits in readiness. 

Object, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 
laughing- (or gazing-) stock. Lit- 
tle object (of children) = a half- 
playful half-angry endearment. 
Also (2) a sweetheart {i.e. the 
OBJECT of one's affections). 

1824. LoCKHART, Reginald DaltoH, 
liL zzg. What, roars Macdonald — You 
puir shanglin' in-kneed scray of a thing I 
Would ony Christian^ body even you bit 
OBJECT to a bonny sonsie weel-faured young 
woman like miss Catline T 

OBIQUITOU8, adj. and adv. (Amer- 
ican). — Innocence of right and 
wrong. [From oblivious and 

Obscute, adj. (American). — 
Under-handed ; * crooked.* 

OB8ERVATIONI8T, subs, (thieves'). 
— See quot 

1889. Barrbrb and Lbland, SUutg, 
Jargon^ and Cant^ 8.v. Obsbrvationist, 
one who looks out tempting objects for the 
skilful thief to steal, etc Generally pedlars, 
hawkers, etc. 

Obstropulous, adj. (vulgar).— A 
corruption of ' obstreperous.' 

1748. SvioiAJBrrTt Roderick Random^ 
viiL I heard him very obstropolous in 
his sleep. 

1762. Smollbtt, .frr Z. Graves^ 11. 
iv. He has been mortally obstropulous, 
and out of his senses all this blessed day. 

1773* Goldsmith, She Stoops to 
Conguer, iiL z. I'm sure you did not treat 
Miss Haxdcastle, that was here awhile ago, 
in this obstropolous manner. 

1785. Gross, yu/g: Tongtu, s.v. 

18^7. Halliwell, Archaic IFords 
and Phrases, s.v. Obstropolous. I was 
going my rounds and found this here 
semman very obstropolous . . . Genuine 
London dialect. 


86 Ocean-greyhound, 

1876. Sims, Dagpnet Ballads {MUs 
Jaroii), Bat their minds b so awful per* 
verted — they're such an obstropolous 

Occabot, mhs, (back-slang). — 
Tobacco ; tib fo occabot = bit 
of tobacco. 

Occasion. To improve the occa- 
sion, verb, phr, (colloquial). — To 
make the most of a chance. 

x86a Dickens, Uncommercial 
Traveller^ 11. 6. This serene avoidance of 
the least attempt to improve an occa- 
SIGN which might be supposed to have 
sunk of its own weight into my hearL 

^^ 1865. G. Macdonald, AUc^ Forhes^ 
IxiL The faces of the congregation wore 
an expectant look, for they knew Mr. 
Tumbull would improve the occasion. 

1867. A. Trollopb, Clavtrim^ 
xliv. He improved the occasion by 
telling thoee around him that they should 
so live as to be ever ready for the hand of 

1869. Freeman, Norm, Cona. IIL^ 
xiL X59. His next thought was now to 
improve the occasion. 

1883. G. A. S[ala], in lUustr, Lon- 
don News, 27 Oct, ^9^, 9. I am •Uiged 
to ' Nominis Umbra '^ for his information ; 
but I improve the occasion by observing 
that I am resolved for the future not to 
take the slightest notice of anonymous 

Occupant, subs, (old).— i. A 
prostitnte; cf. OCCUPY. See 
Barrack-hack and Tart. 

1^98. Marston, Satires [Narbs]. 
He widi his occupant Arecling'd so close, 
like dew-wormes in the mom, That he'll 
not stir. 

2. (old). — A bawdy-hoQse; a 
brothel. See Nanny-house. 

Occupy, verb, (old).— i. To co- 
palate : see Greens and Ride. 

1598. Shaksv^kke, a Henry IV,t\L 
4. These Wllains will moke the word cap- 
tain as odious as the word occupy. 

X598. Florio, a Worlde 0/ Wordes, 
Ne^tiare .... to occupiv a woman. 
Ihtd, ... a good wench, cme that occu- 
pies freely. 

x6ao-5o. Percy Folio MS,, X04. I 
bluntlye asket pro to occupve her; but first 
shee wold know wherfore that was good. 

1640. Ben Jonson, Epigr., X17. 
Groyne, come of age, his state sold out of 
hand For's whore : Groyne still doth oc- 
cupy his land. 

X648. Ben Jonson, Discooerits, vn. 
1x9. ^ Many, out of their own obscene appre- 
hensions, refuse proper and fit words, as 
OCCUPY, nature, aixl the like. 

X656. Fletcher, MartiaU, xl. 98. 
I can swive four times in a night : but thee 
Once in four years I cannot occupie. 

<£x68a Rochester, ^/^MjtMr. The 
only bawd that ever I, For want of v^ore, 
ooiud occupy. 

17x9. DuRPBV, Pills to Purge, v. 
139. For she will be occupied when otoers 

x8xx. Lex, Bal., s.v. 

X785. Grose, yui!g. Tongue, SiV. 
Occupy. To occupy a woman, to have 
carnal knowledge of her.^ Ibid. Now all 
good men upon your lives. Turn round 
and occupy your wives. And when that 
you have done your b^t, Tom arse to 
arse and take your rest 

2. (American thieves'). — To 
wear. — Matsell (1859). 

OCCUPYINQ-HOUSE, 5ubs,phr, (old). 
'^Su quot. and Nanny-house. 

1508. Y\.ovL\o,A World€o/Wordts% 
S.V. Ckiatuterio, an occupying house, a 
bawdy house. 

Ocean, subs, (colloqnial). — In//.= 
a very large quantity : e,^, oceans 
of dnnk, of coin, of ' notices,' and 
the like. 

(common). — A swift steamer : 
specifically one running between 
England and America. Also 
Atlantic Greyhound. Mr. 
T. Dykes {Glasgow Mail, 28 
May, 1900), says that in 1882 
three great shipbuilding y%xd»^ 
Barrow, Dahnoir, and Fairfield— 




Odlinq, subs, (old). — Cheating. 

1599. Bkm Jonson, Every Man out 
of kit Humour. A thread bare shark ; 
one that never was a soldier, vet lives upon 
leadings. His profession is skeldering and 


Odno, phr, (back-slang). — * No do.' 
Riding on thb odno = trav- 
elling by ndl without payment 

X889. Snorting Times. Doin' a 
dnck, macin the rattler, ridin' on the 
cheap, on the odno, under the bloomin' 

Odour, subs, (colloquial). — Repute: 
as * good * or * bad ' odour, the 
ODOUR of sanctity, &c 

1853. Thackskay. Bony Lyndon^ 
ix. As the Chevalier de Balibari was in 
particular good odour at the court of 
Dresden .... I was speedily in the very 
best society of the Saxon capital 

Z858. Gbo. Eliot, Amos Barton^ vL 
He got into rather bad odour there, 
through some scandal about a flirtation, 

OD8, subs. (old). — A wilful 
attenuation of ' God's * : common 
in 17th and i8th Century oaths ; 
e.g.^ 0DS-BODKiNS= God's little 
body, ODS-BOBs, ods-fish, etc. 

1695. CoNGRKVS, Love/or Looe^ iiL 
5« Oi^BUD, Madam, have no more to say 
to him. 

1705. Mrs. Cbntlivrb, Gtunestor, 
V. I (189a). i. 184. Odsbud, sir, go to 
Angelica, this minute. 

1782. Ckntlivrb, Bold Stroke for 
a W{fe. Free. Odso ! 'tis Miss Anne 

1 81 a. CoMBB, Dr. Syntax ^ Pictu- 
resquot C xL O 1 were she in coaI>pit 
bottom. And all such iades, 'od rot 'em ! 
My cares would then be over. And I should 
live in clover. 

1813. MooRB, Twopenny Post4Mig^ 
Letter 4. These Papist dogs— hiccup— 
'od rot 'em 1 

1844. Buckstonb, The Maid with 
the Milking PaiL Lord P. Ods fish, 
why this interest in poor Lady Lucy? 

Off, subs, (cricketers').— The field 
of the wicket-keeper. 

1856. Hughes, Tom Brown at 
Rugby jX\. 8. Johnson, the younger bowler, 
is gettmg wnld, and bowls a ball almost 
wide to thb off. 

Adv, (colloquial). — i. Out-of- 
date. [Originally waiters' : e.g. 
* Chops is HOFF ' = * there are no 
more chops to-day']. — 2. Stale ; 
in bad condition : e.g. Smells a 
litUe bit OFF, don't it ? 

189a. lUustraied Bits. 92 Oct.t 6t 2. 
Theosophy is off — decidedly off. 

1893. Tit-Bits^ 17 Sept, 4x7. 3. If 
the leopard's tail is not spotted to the root 
this conundrum b declared off. 

To BE OFF, verb. phr. (collo- 
quial). — ^To depart ; to run away. 
See Amputate and Skedaddle. 

1893. Ally super ^ vj Feb., 66, a. 
Will you allow me to offer you a gla&i af 
ale? I'm afraid it's a little off. Is it? 
then, I'm off toa 

Off bat, phr. (Winchester 
College). — See quot 

z866. Mansfibld, School Life at 
H^incAester, aaa. Off bat. The sution 
of one of the field in a cricket match, called 
by the outer world ' Point.' 

Off THE HORN,/^r. (common). 
— Said of very hard steak. 

Off the hinge, phr. (com- 
mon). — Out of work. 

1853. '^''''* '^* 5^' ^ ^0^9 About 
Centnuization. ^ We've rights within our 
city bounds which no one should infringe 
And if those rights were broken down 
'twould chuck us off thb hincb. 

Also see Base ; bat ; chump ; 

COCOANUT; colour; dot; FEED; 
head ; hook ; KADOOVA ; NUT ; 

ONION ; reel; rocker ; saucer; 
song; spot. 

Off-chance, subs. phr. (collo- 
quial). — ^A doubtful hasaid. 




17^5. Gross, Vutg, Tongut^ •.▼, 

18x9. MoosB, Tmn CrWs Mim^ 
riai, 51. Roond logs and ogubs flew the 
fireqoent fist. 

z82z. Haggabt, Li/k Glfiuary, 173. 
S.T. Oglbbs. 

x8a7. Egan, Ante, Tutf^ 67. Nev«r 
again would he put the ogles of the ring 

1830. AlNSWORTHf/oc/fr Sk^^ardf i. 
IL It does sparkle almost as brightly as 
your OGLBS. 

18^6. Punches AlmanaCf November. 
Remario. Fiery links gleam through the 
onfiltered air. and in their transit sputter 
hot pitch on the fog'boond traveller f Let 
Snodgrass beware 1 An Adverse tordi 
threatens his dexter oglb. 

Z853. Bbadlby, CCuthbert BedeT, 
ytrdaiUGfTem. ThatH raise a tidy mouse 
on your oglb, my lad. 

1853. Thackbbav, Barry Lyndati^ 
vi. A fittle brown, bright-eyed creature, 
whose OGLBS had made the greatest im- 
pgfiiiou upon aU the world. 

2 (common). — An ocnlar invi- 
tation or consent, side glance, or 
amorous look. Whence ogling 
san amorous look. 

170^ CiBBBR, Thi CartUss HuS' 
Smmd, iiL x. Nay. nay, none of your 
parting oglbs. Wm you go ? 

Z7xa Congbbvb. Somg' to Celia, 
Those OGLDfGS that tdD yon my passion. 

4^x7x9. Addison, Tkt Foriuiu 
Humter, When an heiress sees a man 
throwing particular eraces into his oglb 
. . . she ought to loolc to herseH 

X75X. FiBLDiNC. AtfuiiOj XL iiL 
He immediately laid siege in form, setting 
himself down in a lodging directly opposite 
to her, firom whence the nattery of oglbs 
b^gan to play the very next morning. 

x8i8. BvBON, A;^, xvL For glances 
beget OGLBS, oglbs sighs. 

c.x8aa Mahbs, Death 0/ Socratu, 
With the mots tbdr oglbs throwing. 

1893. MiLUKBN, *Aiiy Balladtt 37. 
They ain't in it with oglbs and antics and 

Verb, (common). — i. To look 
amoroosly; to make shbbp's 
BYES (^.v.).~.B. £. {c. 1696). 

X7X3. PoPB, Ra^ <(ft/u Lcck^ v. 33. 
To patch, to oglb, may become a saint. 

X7X0. DuRPBV, Pills to Purftt &^,, 
iL 97. ^¥hen Tiptoes are in fashion, and 
Lovers will jump and play. Then he too 
takes occasion to leer and oglb me. 

X775. Shbridan, The Bioalt, iL x. 
I will make you oglb her all day, and 
sit up all night, to write sonnets on her 

d,i9oo, CowpBR, Pairing' TiftuAntici- 
/attd, Dick heard, and tweedling, 
OGLING, bridling. 

X834. DowLiNG, Ot/ullo Travesti4t 
L 3. Sne first began To throw sheep's 
eyes, and oglb at the man. 

2. (colloquial). — ^To examine ; 
to consider. 

X836. MiCHABL Scott, TomCringUt 
Log, 1 perceived that she first oglbd the 
su|>erscnption, and then the seal, very 

3. (thieves*).— To look. 

x8ax. Haggart, Lift^ 6a. Seeing a 
cove OGLING the jrelpers. 

X842. Egan, Captain Mackeath^ 
' The By.blow of the Jug.' Jack had a 
sharp-looking eye to oglb. And soon he 
began to nap the fogle. 

Oqler, suds, (old).— I. See Oglb, 
suds., sense i. 

2. (common). — One who 
oglbs {^,v,). 

XToa. StbblBj Grity-a-la-Modet iiL 
X. On 1 that Kiggle, a pert oglbr. 

X7ia TatUr^ 145. A certun sect 
of professed enemies to the repose of the 
fair sex, called oglbrs. 

Oh. See aftbr you ; dummy ; 
Jupiter ; Mosbs; my; swallow. 

Oil, subs, (varioas). — i. Used in 
humorous or sarcastic combina- 
tion : e,g,^ Oil of Angels = a 
gift or Dribe (in allusion to the 
coin) ; oil of barley = beer ; 
oil of baston (birch, glad- 





a beating; oil OF giblbts (or 
HORN) = a woman's spendings 
(Butter, q,v, ; Lktchwater, 


= the semen ; oil of palms (or 
palm-oil) = a bribe; oil of 
TONGUE = flattery. 

X509. Grbbnb, RepetUattce^ etc. Sig 
C. My Mother pampered me so long, 
and secretly helped mee to the oylb op 
Angbls, that I grew thereby prone to all 

x6o8. Withal, DieU^ 308, 8.v. Oil 
OP Baston. 

1608. PenniUs ParL^ in HarL 
Misc. (Park), L 183. The oil op holly 
shall prove a present remedy for a shrewd 

1609. Dbkkbr, Ravens A/manacJke, 
in IVAs. (Grosart), iv. aoa. To apply , . 
the oilb op holly to her shoulders, I 
heatherto was affraide, because I had no 
warrant that a man might lawfullye beate 
his wife. 

1620. Massikgbr. Duke 0/ Milam, 
ill 3. His stripes wasn'd off With oil op 


c. 1650. Bad Husbtuul [Collibr, Rox- 
bur^ke Ballads (184), 300]. She'd tell me 
it was too early, Or else it was too late. 
Until by the oylb op barlby They haa 
gotten my whole estate. 

x66a. Fuller, Hist. IVorlhies of 
Euglandt ' The Beggars of Bath.' And 
although OIL OP whip be the proper 
plaister for the cramp of launess, yet some 
pity is due to impotent persons. 

X693. Poor Robin [Narbs]. Now 
for to cure such a disease as this. The oyl 
OP WHIP the surest medicine is. 

C.1696. B. K, Did. Cant. Crew, s.v. 
Oyl op Barlby, Strong Drink. 

17x5. Cbntlivrb. IVi/e Well Man- 
a^d, sc 5. ^ When wives^ like mine, 
gives inclination scope, No cure for 
cuckoldom like oyl op rope. 

X785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 
Oil op barley, barley broth, strong beer. 
—Ibid. Oil op cladnbss, I will anoint 
you with the oil op gladness, ironically 
spoken for, I will beat yoM.—Ibid. Oil op 
Stirrup, a Dose the cobler gives his wife, 
when ever she is Obstropulus. 

18x9. MooRB, Tom Crib's Memorial, 
8x. Oil op Palm's, the thing that flowing 
Sets the naves and felloes going. 

X833. Grose, Vulf. Tongue [IEakh], 
S.V. Oil op Palms. Money. 

x84a Lytton, Paul Clifford, viii. 
I dare say you may manage to soften the 
justice's sentence by a little oil op palms. 

X854. Punch, ii. x68. Oil op palms. 
— Metaphora vetustissima. A specific 
mudi in vogue for rigid fingers and homy 
fistedness ; though strange to say, it only 
serves to augment the itch which so often 
affects the hand. 

1879. DiCKBNS, Diet. 0/ London, 
S.V. Sight-Seeing. The enterprising 
sight-seer who proceeds on thb plan, and 
who understands the virtues of palm oil, 
b sure to see everything he cares to see. 

2. (venery). — The semen : su 

x647-8a Rochester, The Imperfect 
Enjoyment. Too hastv zeal my hopes 
did spoil, Pressing to teed her lamp, I 
spilt my OIL. 

Verb, (common). — ^To flatter; 
to bribe. 

x6x6. JoNSON, Devil is an Ass, iii. i. 
They'll part, sir, with no books, without 
the hautgout He oilbd : and I must 

1877. W. Thornbury, in t^M/L Mag., 
Jan., 85. Passed mv things through the 
Custom-house quickly, havmg first OILBO 
the douanier's hands. 

x88x. DoRAN, In and About Drury 
Lane, iL 62. Sir Edward had oiled the 
palms of men-servants and clerks to the 
tune of eighty shillings. 

X891. Newman, Scamping Tricks, 
o^ After OILING him a little and pleasing 
him in the old-fashioned way, we managra 
to^ overcome the natural dulness of nis 

To STRIKE OIL (or ile), verb, 
phr. (American). — To meet with 
a stroke of good luck ; to be 
successful. [From the financial 
advantage accruing from the dis- 
covery of the Pennsylvanian and 
other mineral oil springs.] 




z866. StU, Reouwt 6 Jan. Here 
the ingenkms and industrious explorer 
coostaDtly strikbs ilb, and of the very 


1894. Skttekt 38 March. 463, i. You 
were speaking just now ot * Babil and 
Bijou ' having been a financial failure, but 
I suppose you have struck ilb some* 

To OIL THE WIG, verb, phr, 
(provindal). — To xnake tipsy : 
see Deinks and Scebwbd. 


phr, (common). — To fee the por- 
ter. Fr. graisser le marteau, 

OiNER, subs. (University).— A cad. 

OiNTM ENT, subs, (medical students'). 
—I. Butter ; cart-geeasb {g.v,). 

2. (old). — Money. [From the 
13th (Dentury Fabliau, * De la 
Vieille qui Oint la Palme au 

3. (venery). — ^The semen : see 

O.K., phr. (originally American : 
now universal). — See quot. 187 1. 

1847. RoBB. Sfuaiier Lifit p. His 
express reported nimself after his night ride, 
assured Allen that all was 0.1c, and received 
his dollar. 

z8<3. JUDSON, MysUrUs of New 
York, IV. Tis one of us ; it's o.k. 

1871. Db Verb, Amerhanisms, 
General Jackson, better known . . as Old 
Hickory, was not much at home in the art 
of spelling, and his friend and admirer, 
Major Jack Downing, found therefore no 
difficulty in convincing the readers of his 
' Letters,' that the Proident employed the 
liters 0.1c as an endorsement of appUca- 
tions for office, and other papers. They 
were mtended to stand for ' All Correct,' 
which the old gentleman preferred writing 
Oil Komet. 

1883. Graphic, 17 March, 387, x. It 
was voted O.K., or all correct, whereas the 
other was pronounced only a one-horse 

1889. Antwerty^ «6, x. John Jenkins 
.... was O.K. witE Matilda Ann at 
Williams Street. 

X889. Pall Mall GaactU, xa Nov. , 3, 
X; If a stock has been falling and a sudden 
rise of I comes over there is an immediate 
inquiry|jto make sure that there is no mis- 
take. The reply o.k. no doubt comes 
back, and the pnce goes out 

189T. sporting Timet, 11 Ap. There 
can be no doubt that it was all o.k., for 
your insistence upon strict veracity is well 
known to all readers of the Pink ' un. 

Verb. (American). — To signify 
that all is right. 

x888. Missouri Rcpttblican, 35 Tan. 
Please O.K., and hurry the return of my 

Old, subs, (common). — Money : see 

looo. Sims, In JLondon's Heart, xa 
" Perhaps its somebody you owe a bit of 
the OLD to, Jack " . . . " No, I d(m't 
think so," he replied. " Most of the peo- 
ple I owed money to turned up, my oear, 
when I married you." 

Adj. (old colloquial). — i. 
Crafty ; cunning ; experienced. 

2. (old literary : now collo- 
quial). — Great ; mmous ; grand ; 
once a common intensitive ; now 
only in combination with ' high,* 
* good,' * gay,* etc 

xsga Tarlton, Newes out 0/ Pur- 
gaiorie. On Sunday, at masse, there was 
an OLDS ringing of bells. 

X506. Shakspbarb, Merry Wives, 
L 4. There will be an old abusing of 
God's patience, and the king's Englislu 

x6oa Shakspbarb, Much Ada, v. 
8, 08. Madam, you must come to your 
uncle. Yonder's old coil at home. 

X603. ToMKis, Lingua, u, 6. Imagine 
there is old moving amongst them. 

x6xx. MiDDLBTON and Dbkkbr, 
Roaring Girl (Century). Here's old 

x6i3. Dbkkbr, If it be not Good, etc. 
We shall have old broUdng of neckes. 

x63x. Flbtchbr, Pilgrim, iii. 7. 
Strange work at sea ; I fear me there's old 




x6s4. MiDDLBTON, Gm$m§ mi CAett, 
iU. z. MMs, here will be old firldng. 

1664. Cotton, yitr:pii T^raoesiU 
(xst ed.)f xof- There was old drinking 
and OLD singug. 

1883. Referee t zx Mar., 3, a. All the 
children who have been engaged in the 
Drury Lane Pantomime took tea on the 
stage, and had a high old timk (while it 

x888. J. McCarthy, and Mrs. 
CampbblL'Praed, Ladies* GetlUry^ xxict. 
I went down to Melboame, intending to 
have a high old timb. 

Z89Z. J. Newman, Seamfing Tricks^ 
9. You are a big firaud and a high old 

x8Qa. F. Anstbv, Vocts Pojkuliy 
*The Riding Class,' zo8. * We've bin 
having a gay old time in 'ere. 

1899. Gunter, Florida Eneh,, 86. 
Well, my boy, did you have a high old 
time last evenmg with that pretty widow. 

xSoa. Hums Nisbbt, Btuhmi^tf't 


Pi X65. Now for busmets, 

3. (Old Gint).— ^e^quot. 
x8ix. Lex. BaL Old, ugly. 

4. (old literary : now collo- 
qoud). — A general term of endear- 
ment or cordiality : e,g,^ old 


etc. See Boy. 

XS98. Shakspbarb, / Henry /K., iL 
4. Ck> thy ways, old Jack. 

X696. B. K, Diet Cant, Crew^ 8.v. 
Old Cuff, afrohcksomeold Fellow. Ibid, 
Old Toast, a brisk old Fellow. 

X74a Richardson, Pamela^ iil ^8a 
Never fear, old boy, said Sir Charles, 
we'll bear our parts in conversation. 

X785. Gross, VuUr. Tongtie, s.v. 
Old toast, a bruuc old fellow. 

z8a3. Gross. VmI^, Tongue [Bgan]. 
Old Chap, a good-natured tbuh phrase. 

X854. Our Crmse in ike Undine^ 
T43. Her^s a go^ Bill 1 said the Doctor. 
Never mind, old boy, replied the Captain; 
we'll get the other side ot him yet 

1871. The Eckot '6 March. Are you 
going to have a wet, old boy? one 
Sunluarly remarked. 

X889. lUus, London Newe Summer 
Ifumhert a6, coL a. Yoo are right there, 
OLD BOY, said Eustace. 

5. (common). — ^A general dis- 
paragement : as in old blokb ; 
OLD buffer; old cat; old 
COCK ; old codgbr ; old coon ; 


old huddle and twang ; old 
image ; old pot-and-pan ; old 
shaver; old square-toes; old 
stager ; old stick ; old stick- 

x6oa Sir John Oldcatile, L 3. If 
ever wolf were clothed in sheq>'s coat. 
Then I am he ; old huddlb and twang. 

176a Gborgs Colman, Polfy Ho- 
neyeombe^ L 3. The old codgsr's gone, 
and has locked me up with his daughter. 

xSaqu MoNCRiSFF, Tom emdjerry^ 
ii. 4. Totn, Good night, old sticx-in- 


X836. Lbman Reds and R. Brxns- 
LSY Peaks, The Middle Temple, 3. Bru. 
Thank you, ma'am; there was an old 
fizgig told me to bring that card here. 
Mrs. M. OLD FIZGIG 1 iAtide) Does not 
speak quite respectful of his parent 

1838. SsLBY, The Demcing Master, 
a. Hard-hearted old codgsr, he'd see 
me killed with as much unconcern as he 
would a sucking-pig. 

X846. Planchb, Court FeoHmr, L 
Duke. {Aside) Tiresome old CAT I 
Madam— <aiSnM/>— permit me. 

X864. Sunt 88 Dec, Review of" 
Hottbn's Slang Diet. We look in vam 
here for any mention of old Squark- 


X867. yLMLKlxMon. Golden Fettertf 
iL p. 74. Mr. Qendon did not call Mr. 
Bunard old cock, old fellow, or old 


x87a Haylbwood and Williams, 
Leave it to Me^ i. Jos. {aside) Blowed if 
I know what to say. {Aloud to Quince) 
My worthy old Cockalorum. 

x888. Boldrbwood, Robbery Under 
ArmSf xxxvL You're a regular old 
IMAGB, Jim, says she. /bid., I I used to 
laugh at him, and call him a r^ular old 


Old Braggs. 


Old Floorer. 

Old BRAQQ8, subs, pkr. (militaiy). 
— ^The 28th Foot, now the ist 
Batt. Gloucestershire Regiment : 
from its Colonel's name, 1 734*5 1« 
Also " The Slashers." 

Old Bucks, subs, phr, (military). 
— The Bedfordshire Regiment, 
formerly The i6th Foot. Also 
** The Peacemakers " and " The 

Old BuFP8,if^x. phr. (military). — 
The Third Foot, now The Buflfe 
(East Kent Regiment). Also 
NuT-CRACKBKS and Rbsurrbc- 


Old-crow, subs. phr. (American). 
— A drink ; a dram. [In the 
United States old crow = a 
choice brand of Bourbon or com 

c.x86a Broadside Ballad [quoted in 
•S'iiMbri Jirg'^ and Ca$U\. Life seems a 
bit to soften when I try a good old crow. 

Old-dinq, subs. phr. (venery). — 
The ^emale pudendum: see 
Monosyllable. — Lex. Bal. 
(181 1); Gross (1823). 

Old-doq, subs. phr. (common). — 
I. A half-burnt plug of tobacco 
left in the bowl of a pipe. 

2. (colloquial). — ^A lingering 

1846. DiCKBNS, Domb^f X. 7a An 
old campaigner, sir, said the Msjor, a 
smoke-dned, sun-burnt, used»up, in^^ded 
OLD DOG of a Major, tax. 

Adj. phr. (old). — Particularly 

X596. Nashb, Ha9e with yam, Bpis. 
Ded. par. 5. O, he hath been oldk doggb 
at that drunken, staggering kinde of 

1664. BuTLBR, /f$uUbrmt, il iiL 5, 
908. He (Sidrophel) was old dog at 

1696. B. E., Diei. Coat. Crtw, SiV. 
OLD>DOG^t-it, good or expert. Hid. 
Old-dog-at^common-pravxr, a poor 
Hackney that cou'd Read, but not Preach 

X785. Gross, K«4r* Tcngtte, s.v. 

Old Donah (or Old Woman), 
subs. phr. (tramps*). — A mother. 

1893. Embrson, Sirmor LiMo^ xvi. 
Well my old pot switched with the code, 
my old donah, and ... I was bora a 
twelvemonth afterwards. 

Old D088, subs. phr. (thieves').^ 
See quots. and (Jagb. 

1833. Gross, Vulg. Tangut [Egan]. 
S.V. Old doss, BrideweU. 

1859. Matsbll, Vocabuhna^ s.v. 
Old doss. The Tombs [the New York 

Old Dozen, subs. phr. (military). 
— ^The Suffolk Regiment, formerly 
the 1 2th Foot 

Old Driver, subs. phr. (common). 
—The devil : su Skipper. 

Old ebony, subs, (literary). — Black- 
woocTs Magazine. Also Maga. 

Old ^yjL'^i subs. phr. (military). — 
The Grenadier Guards ; also 
known as " The Sand Bags," 
"The 0)alheavers," "The House- 
maids' Pets," and "The 
Bermuda Exiles." 

Old File, subs. phr. (common)/ — 
A miser ; a skinflint, {q.v.). 
Also see Old, adj. sense 5. 

Old Five and Threepennies, 

jtt^j. /Ar. (military).— The Fifty- 
third Foot. [From its number 
and (formerly) the daily pay of an 
ensign]. Also Brickdusts. 

Old Floorer, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). — Death. 

Old Fogs. 


Old Harry. 

Old Fogs, subs, phr, (military). — 
The 87th Foot, now the Royal 
Irish Fusiliers. [From their battle- 
cry, ' Fag-an-Bealach^ = 'Gear 
the Way']. Also "Blayne/s 
Bloodhounds" and "The Rol- 

OLDQENTLCMANfJK^f. phr, (card- 
sharpers'). — i. See^VLOi. 

Z898. G. Smbbton, Doings in 
London, n. An old gentucman (acard 
somewhat larger and thicker than the. rest 
of the pack, and now in considerahle oae 
amongst the ' l^gs "X 

2. (common).— The devil : see 

zraj. Db Fob, HtsL App. [t7a9]t 
36^ The devil is not so black as he is 
painted, but that yon may form sudi 

images ofTHB OLD GBNTLBM AN [etc.]. M. 

1836. BucKSTONB, Marama^ ii. i. 
They do say. if he's not thb old gbntlb- 
MAN himselt he is a very near relation. 
. . . GiL And as true as yon stand there, 
only two evenings ago I saw his Satanic 

z84a Barham, Ingoldsfy Legend* 
iLMy of St Nicholas). And how, to the 
day of their death, the old gbntijeman 
Never attempted to kidnap them more. 

Old Glory, subs, phr. (American). 
— The United States* flag (1770— 

Old Gooseberry, subs.phr. (com- 
mon).— The devil : see Skipper. 

z86z. H. KiNGSLBV, Bavenskoet 
xacxviL Hornby (who would, like Faust. 
liai%*e played chess with Old Goosbbbrry) 
fljlowed himaelf to be taken into a skittle- 

To PLAY OLD Goosbbbrry, 
zferb. phr. (common). — To play 
the devil. --Grose (1785); JBbb 

x8x9. MoORB, Tom Crib^ aa. Will 
UP old goosbbbrry soon with them 

z_835« Sblbv, CaicMing an Heiress^ 
to the fair, getjoUy, and play up 

18^3. Barham, Ingoldshy Legends 
IBlondie Jacky. There's a pretty to do I 
All the people of Shrewsbury Playinjc old 
GOOSEBERRY, With your choice bits of 
taste and virtiL 

1843. DiCKBKS, Martin Chualewitt 

ZZXViii. I'll PLAY old GOOSBBBRRY with 

the office. 

1865. H. KiNGSLBV, Hilfyars and 
ike Burtons, IxiL Lav on ukb old 


1^92. Globet 19 July, a, 3. We all 
know his capacity for playing old goosb* 
BERRY with things in general. 

Old qown, subs, (common). — 
Smuggled tea. 

Old hand. Su Old bird. 

Old Harry, subs, phr, (common). 
—The devil. Also Thb Lord 
Harry. See Skipper. — Grose 


1687. CoNGRBVB, Old Back., ii a. 
By THE Lord Harry he says true. 

Z744. O'Harb, Midas, it i. I 
sirear by the Lord Harry, The moment 
madam's coffined — Her 111 marry. 

x8zo. Poole, Hamlet Trteoesiie, i. i. 
I'll speak to it, should even Old Harry 
dare me. 

1849. LyttoN; Caxtons, viil ch. iL 
By^ THE Lord Harry 1 muttered the 
policeman, if he ben't going to sleep 

1866. Mahony, Reliqnes <if Father 
Proni, • Vert- Vert' Nay sometmies, too, 
by THE Lord Harry 1 He'd pull their 
caps and ' scapulary.' 

2. (old). — 5«tf qaot. 1696. 

1606. B. K, Diet. Cant. Crew, s.v. 
Old Harry, a composition used by 
Vintners, when they braevil their Wines. 

Z785. Grose, ^«4r* Tongue, s.v. 

To PLAY OLD Harry, verb, 
phr. (common). — To play the 
devil : see Play. 

1837. Marryat, Dm^ Friend, xlviL 
They've played old Harry with the 


Old Harvey. 


Old Lady 

1884. W. C Russell, /iw*'* Court- 
skip^ xiL I'm afraid he'll now take such 
steps to stop all chance of my meeting or 
communicating with his daughter as will 
PLAY OLD HARRY with my hopes. 

Old Harvey, subs, pkr, (nautical). 
— The large boat (the launch) of 
a man-of-war. 

Old hat, subs, phr, (venery).— 
See quots. and Monosyllable. 

X754. Fielding, Jomaihan Wild^ i. 
vi. (noteX I shall conclude this learned 
note widi remarking that the term old 
HAT is used by the vulgar in no very 
honourable sense. 

X76a Stbrnb, Tristram Shandy, 
cxxvL A chapter of chambermaids, green 
gowns, and old hats. 

1785. Grose, Vu(f, Tongue^ s.v. 
Hat. Old hat, a woman's priviues : 
because frequently felt 

Old Horney (or Horninqton), 

sub, phr, (venery).— The penis : 
see Prick. C/, Miss Horner = 
the fcvaale pudendum. 

Old (or salt) horse, subs, phr. 
(nautical).— I. Salt junk. Ft. sous- 
pied, and tire-fiacre, 

X889. Chamiert's Journal^ 3 Aug., 
495. Mr. Clark Russell declares that 
salt-horsr works out of the pores, and 
contributes to that mahogany complexion 
common to sailors, which is often mis- 
takenly attributed to rum and weather. 

2. (American). — An endear- 
ment : a £uniliar address. See 
OLD, adj,<t sense 4. Also old 


1884. S. L. Clemens (*M. Twain ')j 
Huckitierry Finn^ xvii. Are you all 
ready? All right— come olong, old 


x888. Gunter, Mr, Potter 0/ Texas ^ 
X23. Lubbius, old os, is that ere lunch 

1803. Emerson, Sigmr Lippo, xiv. 
Well, old hoss, how are you, and how's 
the world been playing on yer since I last 
vardiedyer? Alright, mate^ 

Old Inniskillings, subs, phr. 
(military). — The 6th (Inniskilling) 
Dragoons. Also "The Sk2- 

Old iron, subs, phr. (nautical).— 
Shore clothes. To work up old 
IRON = to go ashore. 

Old Lady, subs. phr. (card-sharp- 
ers'). — I. See quot. and cj, old 
GBNTLBMAN, sense I. 

z8a8. G. Smebton, Domgs m Lm' 
doH, 78. There is not onlv an old gentle- 
man, but an OLD lady (a cmrd broader 
than the rest) amoogst them. 

2. (venery). — ^The female pu- 
dendum: see Monosyllabls. 

The old lady of Thread- 
NBEDLB St., subs. phr. (com- 
mon). — ^The Bank of England. 

X797. GiLRAY, The Old Lady in 
Thrtadneedle Street in Danger [Title of 
Caricature, the reference being to the 
temporary stopping of cash payments 96th 
February, 1797, and the issue of pound 
bank-notes 4th March the same year.] 

1859. Pnncht xxxvL 174. The girl 
for my money. The old lady op 
Thrsadnebdlb Street. 

1864. Braddon, Henry Dunbar^ 
XXV. The . ., . . convenient and flimsy 

Siper circulating medium dispensed by the 
ld Lady in Threadnebdle Street. 

X87X. Cheunbenfs Journal, 9 Dec., 
773. The Old Lady in Thrkadneedlb 
Street can always take care of herself : 
if a note is stolen, she don't suffer ; while, 
if it is lost, it is just so much in her own 
pocket, unless you can get a justice of the 
peace to swear it's burned. 

1889. Tit Bits, 30 Nov., 1x9, i. 
From seven o'clock in the evening until 
seven o'clock in the morning the Old Lady 
of Threadnebdle Street is as well 

Sotected by Her Majesty's soldiers as Her 
ajesty in her palace. 

1894. Pall MaU GoMstU, 38 July. 
In its infancy there were only fifty-four 
persons employed in the service of the Old 
Lady op Thrbadnbbdlb Street ; now 
the ^aff numbers nearly a thoanod 

Old lag. 


Old Nick. 

Old LAO. See Lag. 

Old Line State, subs, phr. 
(American). — Maryland. [From 
the OLD LINB re^pments contri- 
bated to the Continental army in 
the War of the Revolution]. 

Old Man, subs, phr, (venery). — i. 
I^t penis : su Crbamstick and 

2. (Australian). — A full-grown 
male kangaroo. 

i8 [?]. Busk H^oMderiMgs o/a Natur- 
ttiisi .... Some of the old mbn reach to 
an imini>nsc sixe, and I have often killed 
them over a cwta. 

1871. T. B. Stbphbns, Mis, Poems 
[1880] ''Brubane Reverie.' Where the 
Kangaroo gave hops, the old mam fleetest 
of the fleet 

1897. Pali Ma/i, 33 Sep., 9, a. 
Almoat the first kansaroo out up was an 
OLD MAN, and the pacK bustled him through 
apatch <rf' heavy timber, into abogand out 
of it agun. 

3. (common). — A£eimiliarmode 
of address. See old, cu^', , sense 4. 

4. (common). — A master ; a 
GOVERNOR (^.v.). ; a BOSS (g.v.), 

1899. GuMTSR, Florida Ench. 9. 
'One would think ypn like to frighten peo- 
pie.' ' So I does,' giins the youth solemnly, 
when the old man's out.*^ 

5. (common). — A husband : 
cf, OLD WOMAN. Fr. legHiiteur. 

1856. Whytb Mklvillb, Kate Co* 
fffffiryt xvL Aunt Debcnrah only stipu- 
lating that there should be no male ad* 
dition to the party, except Mr. Lumley 
himself, or, as tne lady of the house termed 
him, her old man. 

1883. Stbvbnson, TAe Siherado 
Sgnatterst 98. When her old man wrote 
home for her from America. 

6. (American). — The captain of 
a merchantman. 

1833. Fbnimorb Coopbr, Pilott vL 
We must get them both off . . . b^ore the 
OLD man takes it into his head to leave 

1847. HowiTT, Journal^ 187. To 
begin with the captain. He was a first- 
rate OLD MAN as far as good treatment and 
good living went 

x85a Sbaworthv, Natj^s Htad^ riil 
66. Land O ! Where away r shouted the 


Z883. W. Clark RussBLu SaOar^s 
Lamgua^t pre&ce, xL But the lack of 
variety is no obstruction to the sailor's 
poetidd inspiration when he wants the old 
MAN to know his private opinions without 
expressing them to his fifcce, and so the 
same chantey, as the windlass or halliard 
chorus b called, furnishes the music to as 
many various indicant remonstrances as 
Jack can find injuries to sing about 

7. (common). — ^The ridge be- 
tween two sleepers in a feather 

8. (nurses'). — A blanket used 
to wrap a young child in. 

9. (common). — A father. 

Old man's milk, st^s. phr. (com- 
mon). — Whiskey : see Drinks. 
In Scotland a mixture of cream, 
eggs, sugar and whiskey. 

x8 [7]. Saxon and Gaei^ iL 78, 79. 
Flora made me a bowl of guld man's milk, 
but nothing would bring me round. 

Old Mr. Qory, subs, phr, (old).— 
'Apiece of gold.' — B.E. (r.1696); 
Grose (1785). 

Old Mr. Qrim, subs, phr, (old). 
— Death : see Old Florbr {g, v. ), 
—Gkosk{i7Ss); Lex Bal, (1811). 

Old Nick, subs, phr, (common). — 
The devil : see Skipper. Also 

(^.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

1663. R^^iP Sof$fSt iL 4.^ In this 
prodigal trick They have outdone Old 
Nick For what he did give he did show. 

1678. Butlkr, Hudibras^ in. i. 1313. 
Nick MacBiavel had no such tnck, Thougn 
he gave's name to our Old Nick. 

X706. Ward, Hudibras Rodanous, 1. 
v. 14. In painful fury roaring out, I wish 
your patterns at Old Nick. 

Old one. 

ICXD Old Saucy Seventh, 

1719. DuRFBY, Pills to Purge^ &*€., 
i. 364. The God of Love, or else Old 
Nick, Sure had design'd this Devilish 

X79a Swift, ApoUo to the Dean 
\Works{\%iu^ xiv. 134]. Fori think in 
my conscience he deals with Old Nick. 

a. 1796. Burns, Tom o' ShMnUr^ il 
There sat auld Nick, in shape o' b^tsL 
Ihid, Add, to tko DetnL But fare-you- 
weel, auld Nickib-bbn. 

1829. BuCKSTONB, BiUv Taylor, 
Nick or Belzebub, Or as our children call 
thee, black old Bogey, Appear ! 

1833. Haliburton, ClockmaJkoTf x S. 
X. And kick like mad, and then Old 
Nick himself wouldn't start 'em. 

1855. Notes and Queries^ x S. xiL 
2a8. All over the North a demon bearing 
this designation, slightly modified by dia- 
lectic variations, is commonly acknow- 
ledged. He is the Anglo-Saxon Nicer ; 
Dan. NOecke or NOkke (Nikke) ; Swedish 
Neckf Necken ('ejusdem significationb' 
as Fmn Maenusen observes, 'ut et 
Anglorum Nick — Old Nick ; Bel^arum, 
Nicker — oui. jam nune diabolum indicant*); 
Fennish Nski ; Esthonian Nack ; Scotdi 
Nicneven ; German Nichs, Nicks, Nichse. 
the Nidcar of the people of the Fero£s, aixi 
the Nikel of those of the RGgen. 

x87a MoNCRiBPP, Giooannt in Lon* 
don, i. 9. And, pray, what were you sent 
to Old Nick for, my love? 

1884. Clark Russbll, /ofi'j Court- 
skiPt xvL I knew vou'd do it — it's the 
Seymour spirit— a fair grip, and Old 
Nick may shriek for mercy. 

1893. ULiLLiKXH.'Arry BaUadst i%. 
In that Gallery, Charlie, Old Nick would 
have found it too warm. 

Old one (or old 'un), subs, pkr, 
(common). — i. The devil : se$ 
Skipper.— Gross (1785). 

2. (common). — A fiaither. 

1836. Dickens, Pickwick^ xx. It's 
the OLD 'uN. Old onb, said Mr. Pick- 
wick, What old Onb? My father, sir, 
replied Mr. Weller. 

3. (racing). — A horse more 
thsji three years old. 

4. (theatrical). — ^The pantaloon; 
the fool's father {q,v,). 

Old peqq, subs, phr, (old). — 
* Poor Yorkshire cheese, made of 
skimmed milk.'— Grose (1785). 

Old pelt, subs, phr, (printers'). — 
An old pressman. [In allusion 
to the ink pelts formerly in use 
for distributmg the ink]. 

Old poo (or Old Pot-and-Pan), 

subs, phr, (rhyming). — I. An old 
man ; a £eitiier. .Mso (2) a wife ; 
a woman. 

1893. Emerson, Signw Lippo^ xvL 
You must know that my old pot was a 

Old Roger, sttbs, phr, (old). — 
The devil : su Skipper. — 

Old probabilities, subs, phr, 
(American). — The Superintend 
dent of the United States weather 
bureau. Sometimes Old Pros. 

x888. New York Herald, 4 Nov. 
When you come to think of tlie sort of 
weather we have had in New York upon 
the occasions of great popular poliucal 
turnouts .... you will nnd that as a rule 
OLD probabiutibs has been rather kindly 
disposed to both parties. 

Old red- eye, subs, phr, (American). 
—Whiskey. See Old Man's 

Old Rip. Su Rip. 

Old Roger, subs, phr, (old). — 
The devil : see Skipper. — Grose 
(1785); Lex, Bal, (1811). 

Old salt, subs, phr, (nautical). — 
An experienced sailor. 

Old Saucy Seventh, subs, phr, 
(miUtaiy).— The 7th (The Queen's 
Own) Hussars : in Peninsula 
times. Also "The Lily- White 
Seventh," " Young Eyes," " Old 
Strawboots" and ** Straws." 

• • • 

Old Scratch. 


Old Toast 

Old Scratch, subs.pkr, (common). 
—The devil : see Skippbr. 

1763. Smollbtt, L. Grgatres, 11. x. 
He must have sold himself to Old 
ScxATCH ; and, being a servant of the 
devil, how could he be a good subject to 
hb Majesty. 

178a Lkb, ChapUr 0/ AecidenU. v. 
s. I be sick enough of passing for a lady; 
but if OLD Scratch ever puts such a trick 
a^ain in my head, I hope^ — your lordship 
will catch me, that's, all. 

x8«7. A. Trollops, Thru CUrks, 
TO. He don't mean anything, and I said 
he didn't all along. He'd have {utched 
me to Old Scratch, while I was sitting 
there on his knee, if he'd have had his own 

Old Seven and Sixpennies, subs, 
phr, (military).— The 76th Foot, 
DOW the 2nd BatL Duke of 
Wellington's (West Riding Regi- 
ment) : from its fonner namber 
and the amount of a lieutenant's 
pay. Also "The Immortals" 
and " The Pigs." 

Old shell, subs, pkr, (nautical). — 
A sailor. 

Old shoe, subs, pkr, (common). — 
A portent (or augury) of good 

<£i893. Trnnvson, WiU WaUifroof, 
And whereso'er thou movs't good luck 
Shall fling her old shob after. 

BOOTS), verb, phr, (colloquial). — 
To marry or keep another man's 

Old soldier, subs, phr, (common). 
— A cigar end or old quid. 

190X. People^ 7 Ap.| x8, 2. An old 
soldier— both in the literal and meta- 
phorical sense— down to every move on 
the board, suspicions and even touchy, he 
forms a genume friend, ever ready to do 
his comrade a good turn. 



Old sonq, subs, (common). — ^A 
trifle ; a nominal sum or price. 

Old Split-foot, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — The devil : see Skipper. 

1848. LowBLL, Bifhw Papers f . . . 
They go it Ipce^ an Ericsson's ten^hoas- 
power coleric ingine^ An' make olb split- 
foot winch an' squirm, for all he's used to 

Old stager, subs, phr, (common). 
A person of experience ; an old 
DOG {q»v,). 

Old stick, subs, phr, (common). 
— I. A disparagement : cf, old, 
adj,^ sense 5. 

2. (old). — A complimentary 
mode of address to an old man, 
signifying he is a capital fellow 

Old stubborns, subs, phr, (mili- 
tary).— The Forty - fifth Foot, 
now The Sherwood Fores- 

Old Strawboots (or Straws), 
subs, phr, (militaiy). — The 7th 
(The Queen's Own) Hussars : 
for substituting at Warbourg 
(1760) strawbands for worn-out 
boots. Also "The Old Saucy 
Seventh " and " The Lily- White 

Old timer, subs, phr, (colloquial). 
— I. A laudator temporis acti ; 
and (2) one who has grown old 
in a place or profession. 

x86o. Music and Drama^ xiii. ix. 
14. Old timers unanimously declared 
that in the new-comer had indeed arisen 
another Tausig. 

x866. New Princeicwn Rev,., v. zaa. 
Most of us OLD TIMERS . . . are poor now. 

Old Toast, subs, phr, (common). 
—I. The devil : see Skipper. 



Old Tom. 



2. (dd).— 'AbriskoldfeUow.* 
Gross (1785) ; Lex. Bai. (181 1). 

Old Tom, subs, phr, (common). — 
Gin : su White Satin. 

1823. Bbb, Diet, Tutft •.▼. 

1833. Egan, B00i of SporUt 968. 
When Love turns his b«dc, and old 
friendships are fiuUng, And the spirits are 
sinking tnerefrom— "foe only receipt, that 
b ne'er unavailing, Is a jolly stiff glass of 


1837. LvTTON, Brtust Maltraoerst 
IV. L Old Tom, he is the best of gin : 
Drink him once, and youll drink nim 
agin I 

x85x*6x. Mathbw, LontUm Lab. iL 
p. 356. Rum he preferred to gin, only it 
was dearer, but most of the scavengers, he 
thought, liked old tom (gin) best. 

1854. Punchy xxxviL j%, Mr. 
Stuggen was promptly thrust mto a cell 
into which five of hu companions followed 
him, and their united consolations, and 
those of a bottle of the ancient thomas 
Vintage which was speedily produced, 
restored the Varmint to somethug of his 
habitual placidity. 

1868. Brkwxr, Pkroii and FabU^ 
8.V. Old Tom. Thomas Norris, one of 
the men employed in Messrs. Hodges' 
dbtillery. opened a gin palace in Great 
Russell Street, Covent GsLrdeo. and called 
the gin concocted by Thomas Cnamberlain, 
one of the firm of Hodges, old Tom, in 
compliment to hb former master. 

2893. Sydney Watson, W»ft tk* 
IVaift L a. And a>slides along fixMn 
'shaxnpain' to brandy, and from that to 

old TOM. 

Old T0UGH8, subs,fhr, (military). 
—The Oie Hundred and Third 
Foot, now the and Batt. Royal 
Dublin Fusiliers. [For long and 
arduous service in India]. 

Old trot. See Trot. 

Old 'un. Su Old onb. 

OLD WHALE, subs. pkr. (nautical). 
— ^A sailor. 

Old woman, subs. pkr. (yeneiy). — 
I. The ftmale pud^dumi see 

2. (prison). — A prisoner who, 
unfit for physical hard work, is 
set to knitting stockings. 

3. (common). — ^A man with 
the character and habits of a 
woman. Also, old wipe. 

4. (colloquial). — A wife or 
mother: cf. OLD MAN. See 

X899. IdltTf Tmie, p. (sa As we 
a-oomin' *ome I says to the old gal. 

Let's pop into the Broker's Arms and 'ave 

a drop o beer. 

Olive-branch IS, subs, pkr, (col- 
loquial). — Children. [In allusion 
to Psalm cxxviii. 4, in Book of 
Common Prayer]. 

x688. Prior, Tkt Mice, May yon 
ne'er meet with Tends or Babble, May 
ouvB-BRANCHBS OTOWD youT Table. 

x888. Harpei^x Mag.^ IxxvL 791. 
There were hardly quarter's enonsh for 
the bachelors, let alone those blessed with 
wife and ouvb branches. 

OLIVER, subs, (old).— The moon ; 

WHIDDLES (or IS UP) = the 

moon shines; Oliver is in 
TOWN = the nights are moon- 

1781. G. Parker, Vitw ^ Society ^ 
IL \xKt note, OuvsR don't widdlb. 
The Moon not up. 

18x9. Vaux, Mcm^trtf VL 193, s.v. 

1834. AiNSWORTH. RockwOOd, IIL V. 

Now OLIVKR puts his black nightc^ on 
And every star its glim is hiding. Jbid, 
IV. vL Olivkr whiddlks— the tatler old 1 
Telling what best had been left untold. 
OuvKR ne'er was a friend of mine ; All 
glims I hate that so brightly shine. Give 
me a night black as hell, and then See 
what 111 show to you, my nterry men. 

1837. Lytton, Ernest Maitravers, 
IV. L In half an hour ouvbr puu 00 his 
nightcap, and we moat then be oS. 

OUvet^s skull. 



1895. H. B. MakriottvWat30n, In 
New Review, 7 July. There's a moon 
oat, The better for os to pick 'em off, Dan, 
I returned, laughing at him. What — 
OuvBK? damn Olivbr ! said Zacchary. 
Let's push forward and come to quarters. 

To GIVE A Rowland for an 
Oliver. Sm Rowland. 

Oliver's skull, suds. phr. (old). 
—A chamber-pot : see IT. — B. E. 
(f. 1696) ; Grose (1785) ; Mat- 
sell (1859). 

Ollapod, subs. (old). — ^An apothe- 
caiy. [From George Coleman's 
comedy (1802) The Poor Gentle- 
fnan.'\ Sp. ollapodrida = putrid 

Olli compolli, svhs. phr. (Old 
Cant). — * The by-name of one of 
the prindpal Rogues of the 
Canting Crew.*— B. E. {c. 1696) ; 
Grose (1785) ; Matsell (1859). 

Omee, x»3j. (thieves' and theatrical). 
A man : specifically, a master. 
[Fr. It uomo\ Fr. le pilier du 
creux. Also omer and hombe. 

1864. HoTTBM, SUme Diet,, s.v. 
Omsk ... the ombb of tne Carsejr's a 
nark cm the futch, the master of the house 
will not let us poform. 

1883. Echo, as Jan., a, 3. From the 
Italian we got the thieves' slang terms 
casa for house . . . and ombb for man 

xSoo. Emerson, Signer LipPo, xiiL 
When I got back the cullies said, well, 
cully, how did you get on with the ombr 7 
Bono, about sa rounds of fine blocks. 

Omnibus, subs, (venery). — i. The 
female pudendum : see Mono- 

2. (venery). — A prostitute,: se$ 
Barrack-hack and Tart. 

3. (common). — ^A man of all- 
work ; a handy man. 

1894. PaUMaUGma,, 7 Dec., 8, a. 
One of the omnibusbs employed at the 
caf<ft says that he saw a man in one of the 
upstairs lavatories after the cafd had been 

Omnium, «i^j. (Stock Exchange).— 
The aggr^te value of the dif- 
ferent stocks in which a loan is 

Omnium qatherum, subs. phr. 
(old : now recognised). — A med- 
ley ; a Jack-of-all-trades. [Lat. 
Omnium^ genit plural of omnts 
= all, and Eng. gather.'} Grose 

1576. Dbb [Arbbb. English Ganttr 
'^879), ii. 63]. A fortnignt in providing a 
little company oComni uathakums taken 
up on a sudden to sewe at 


1593. G. Haxvbv, Four* Letttrt 
[Grosart, Wks. L 190]. A Player, a 
Coosener, a Rayler, a beggar, an Omni, 
gathbrum, a Gay nothing. 

1^96. Nashb. Saffron Walden, in 
Works, UL 46. Shew vs some of them, 
that like a great Inquest, we may deliuer 
our verdit before it come to the Omni- 
GATHBRUM of Towne and Countrey. 

z6xa Rowlands, Martin Markall, 
p. a4(H. Club's Repr. 187A Theyhaue 
a language among themselues, composed 


1689. Sbldbn, TabU'Tatk, p. 6a 
(Arber's ed.). ^ So in our Coiut in Queen 
EUuUfttKs time^ Gravity and State were 
kept up. In YSiTi%James*s time things 
were pretty well. But in King Charles 
time, there has been nothing but French" 
more and the Cushion Dance, omnium 
GATHBRUM, tolly, poUy, hoite come toite. 

x8 [?]. D. OP Buckingham, Court of 
William IV, and Victoria, iL ch. v. 
Our meeting . . . wras merely an omnium- 
GATHERUM of all the party. 

1855. Thackbray, Newcomes, IxiiL 
She . . . gave me to understand that this 
party was only an omnium gathbrum, 
not one of the select parties. 

On, adv. (back-slang). — i. No. 

1874. Hottbn, Slang Diet,, Back 
Slang, 355. On doog, no good. 




2. (common). — Tipsy : 
Drinks and Screwed. 



188a. Jas. Payn, F^ Cmsk Oufyt 
xxU. I was no more on at the Crown that 
night than I am at this blessed moment of 

x888. ComhiU Mag,<^ March, 997. 
I wasn't drunk, only on, but if she had 
^ven me another bumper I should have 
jEOoe dean off my head. 

(once literary : now vulgar), 
sed for * of. 

1657. MiDDLBTON, Wifmen Btwart 
M^ffmen, I. iL Ward, Many, that I am 
Cifraid on. 

d,x62<, Flbtchbr, Bldir BrotMir, 
IV. liL We have no quarrel to you, that 
we know on, sir. 

1836. DiCKBNS, Pickwick, il 3. 
Come on 1 said the calxlriver, spamng 
away like clockwork. Come on— all four 
ON you. 

4. (Winchester College).— 5«tf 


x866. Mansfield, Sck^i Lift ai 
lVincktsUr,zn. On— The word given by 
the Praefect of Hall for the boys to start to 
or from Hills, or to Cathedral. When 
any person or thing of importance was 
known to be likely to meet the boys when 
on Hills, the word was passed that he, she, 
or it was on,— *.^., ridsworth on, snobs 


5. (venery).— Carnally minded; 
concupiscent : ON it (in America), 
said of a woman willing to copu- 
late unlawfully. 

1847. Halliwbll, Arckaie Wordt, 
eie*, i.v. 

To BE (or GET) ON, verb, phr, 
(racing). — i. To make a bet: 
generally to have a bit on. 

1873. Standard, 93 Oct Everyone 


x88i. W, Black, Beauii/klWrelcA, 
xxiv. I'll bet you five sovereigns to one 
that they let him out . . . are you on T 

1883. Hawlby Smart, Hard Lines, 
Ijc. In the mean time yon are on at 100 
10 nothing about your own horse. 

X89X. Answtrs, a8 Bfar. Thanks to 
the eagerness of some small load bock- 
makers to let people gbton late. 

X894. Gborgb Moorb, Estker 
IVaUrs, iL Oh, we did have a fine 
time then, for we ul had a bit on. 

2. (common). — Ready and 
wilUx^ ; good at ; fond of. 

x87a. S. L. Clbmbns (* Mark Twain*), 
Innoctnts at Homu, . . . Pard, he was 
ON itl He was on it bigger than an 
Injun! On it! On what? On the 
shoot. On the shoulder. On the fight, 
you understand. 

1883. Refcne, 6 May, Si 3* If *« 
directors should think fit to otter me ^aoo 
a night to warble, you may depend upon 
it I shall be on at tnat figure. 

x888. BoLDRBWOOD, Robbtry Under 
Arms, xL I'm half a mind to tell 
Wanigal to go back and say we're not 
ON, I said. 

X89X. N. Gould, D&ubU Event, 194. 
Make it a hundred, and I'm on, said 

T893. Embrson, Stumor Lippo, ziv. 
One day he meets an old college pal and 
off they go on the booze, and when he got 
the flavour of it he was on to it and Uie 
old man chucked him. 


To TRY IT ON. Su Try. 

I See i 

[See also bacic ; ballot ; bat ; bat- 


(or bust) ; cards ; chain ; chbap ; 

crook; cross; dbad; dbad brokb; 

dead quibt ; dbs ; ply ; porty-ninth ; 
TH ; fuddlb; grass; cround- 
i ; halp-shell ; hbad ; hip ; hop ; 
lOB : lay ; LBDGB ; LoosB ; makb ; 

Once. In once, phr, (common). 
—First time. 


105 One-eyed scribe. 

xgoa Sims, In Landori* Htart, 79. 
'* Mouung, Jim," he aaid ..." yon found 
soacUung m m cab a« is of a private 
natnr'?'' "Yoa've encased it m oncb, 

xgoa Frt* Lm$tce, 6 Oct., x6, x. 
Yoo've hit it in oncb. 

One, subs, (common). — i. A lie: 
su Whoppkr. 

2. (general). — A blow ; a 
gnidge ; a score. Also onb in 


1839. O'CoNNBLL, in OtComuU 
Corrtsfondtnes (x888X. ii. x68. I owe 
Brou|(ham onb, and I intend, if I can, to 
pay him. 

x8s6w T. HUGHBS, Tom Brcwtis 
School Daytf 11. viL If we can slip the 
ooUar and do so much leas without getting 
caught, that's onb to us. 

x88jL J. H. Wilson, in Longman's 
Mng.^ Nov., X03. But you know, Cap'n, 
you am't a man to be trusted. I owe you 
onb already for stealing my silver. 

On his wife on one occasion saying to liim. 
* I wish you would reform^ Bui, yourself, 
be was much enrased, ana save her onb 
lor herself-HM9C a Reform Biu, but in thb 

xjijoa Sims, In London's Hearty as. 
The girl toodc the money and went down- 
stairs three at a time. She felt that it was, 
in the outdoor language of £xeter Street, 
ONB IN THB BTB for her aunt. 

Onb IN,/Ar. (tailors'). — Hear- 
ing another's good fortune and 
wishing the same to oneself. 

Onb 0UT,/Ar. (tailors').— Con- 
gratulating oneself on a fortunate 

Onb op my cousins, fhr. 
(old).— A harlot —B. £. (r.1696); 
Grosb (1785). 

Onb op us (or thbm), phr, 
(old). — * A woman of the town.' 
—Ray (1767) ; Grosb (1785). 

Onb undbr thb arm, phr. 
(tailors'). — An extra job. 

Onb out op it, pkr. (tailors'). 
— • I don't want to be mixed up 
with it.' 

Onb op thb Lord's own, 
subs, phr, (American). — ^A dandy. 

Onb with t'othbr, phr. (vc- 
nerv). — Copulation: see Grbbns 
and RiDB. 


Old Song, * Blaidens Delight ' 
Aforry Songs and Ballads 

friend, let 
you do me 
smother. And run at Ring with t'other 
thing ; A little o' th' one with t'other. 

IVARMBR, Mtny iionp ana 

JxS^), i. X37). „Qnoth !^. my 

kissing end. Where with yot 

X893. Ally Sieger, 97 Feb., 67, a. meanmg 

TAW, verb. phr. (old). — See quot. 

xSi^i Yaux, Memoirs, iL X03. Onb 
upon vouk taw, a person who takes 
offence at the conduct of another, or con- 
ceives himself injured by the latter, will 
say, never mind I'll be one upon your 
taw \ or, I'll be a marble on your taw ; 
meanmg I'll be even with you some time. 

Onb and thirty, «<//. phr, 
(old). — Drunk: 1^ Drinks and 
ScRBWBD. — Ray (1767). 

Onb por his nob, phr. (com- 
mon). — I. A blow on the head. 

2. (cards'). — Sett^O^ 

5^Thrbb out. 

One-a-piece. To sbb onb-a- 
PIBCB, verb, phr. (common). — To 
see double: su Drinks and 


184s. Punch, iL ax. Our head 
swims, and our eyes sex one a>pibcs. 

Onee, o^'. (theatrical). — One: e.g. 
onbb soldi (or win) = one 

One-eyed scribe, subs. phr. 
(American). — A revolver: su 




American ; now general). — Petty; 
insignificant; of no account. Also 


1858. Weuhinfton Star [quoted by 
Bartlbtt]^ On Friday last, the engineer 
of a fast train was arrested by the authori- 
ties of a ONB-HORSB town in Dauphin 
County, Pa., for running through the 
borough at a greater rate of speed than 
is allowed by their ordinances. Having 
neglected,^ however, to give publicity to 
these ordinances, they could not impose 
any fine ; and their discomfiture was 
aggravated by the malicious excuse of the 
engineer, that ' he didn't know there was 
a town taere ! ' 

^.1877. MoTLsy, Z«//^f , II. ^34. Any 
other respectable, one-horsb New Eng- 
land dty. 

1884. Clemens, Huckleberry Finn^ 
XX. X9<. There was a little onb-horsb 
town about three mile down the bend. 

1886. GoLDWiN Smith, Nineieenih 
Century t July. p. ai. The provincial 
University of Toronto yns, thrown open to 
Nonconformists, unluckily not before the 
practice of chartering sectarian institu- 
tions had been introduced, and Canada 
had been saddled with onb-horsb univer- 

x888. Btnton Weekly Globe, 98 Mar. 
It seems a shame to let a petty onb-goat 
power kingdom insult our citizens. 

One-in-ten, subs, phr, (old). — A 
parson. [In allusion to tithes]. 

One nitch (or nick), subs, phr, 
(printers'). — A male child : two 
NITCH = a baby girl. 

O N E O'C LOCK. 5^ Ll KB. 

One-er, subs, (common). — A per- 
son or thing of great parts : as a 
very saccessfdl play ; an exceed- 
ingly pretty woman ; a crashing 
blow, a * monamental ' lie, etc. 

184a HiCKKHi, Old CuriMtty Shoft 
IviiL Do they often go where glory waits 
'em and leave you here? Oh, jres; I 
believe you they do. returned the small 
servant. Miss Sally^s sich a onb-br for 
that, she is. 

x86z. DoTTON Cook, PemlFtUt^i 
Datighier, x. Oh. I've^ot it at last- 
such a onbnbr— clean off my legs— first 
blood — first knock down — everything. 

1869. Grbbnwood, Seoen Curses 0/ 
London, . . . The watcher is genoralhr 
hanging about, and he'll ' down' 3rou with 
a ONBR in the back or side (he won't hit 
you in the face, for fear of spoiling itX 

1871. Hamilton, Parodies, part 
71, p. 969. Before a-inviting of you to 
enter, and taste the jojrs of Elysium to be 
'ad at the small charge of one penny, I 
wall exhibit to your astonished and ad- 
miring gate a few pictorual illusterations 
of the wonders to be shortly disclosed to 
you. Give the drum a one-br 1 

1893. Emerson, Sirnor Ltppo, xi. 
Well, pal, forgive me, I always was a 
ONB-BR for the i^b. Here's off or the 
missus will be waiting. When you're off 
the pitdi there's a bite and a sup at Duke's 
cottage, Lea, for yoo. So long I 

Z895. F. BovLB, in idUr, Aug. Mrs. 
Mumson is a onbr. 

2. (common). — ^A shilling: see 

One's Eye, subs, phr, (tailors' 
and dressmakers'). — A hiding- 
place for cabbage {q,V,)\ HBLL 

One two, phr, (pugilists').— ^^ 
quot 1823. 

1833. Gross, Vulf^. Tongue [BganJ, 
S.V. Onb Two. In boxing, two blows 
rapidly put in affcer each other. Jem 
Belcher was distinguished for his onb 

Onicker, subs, (streets').— 5^ 

1887. Walfords Antiquarian, %\^. 
A mot and onicker are also terms for 
fallen women. 

Onion, subs, (common). — i. The 
head. Hence, off his onion = 
off his wits. See Tibby. 

2. (thieves'). — ^A seal : gener- 
ally in plural : e,g, bunch of 

open C. 

1 08 


X383. Craocbr, ProL t0 Rito^t 
Taltt L 17. liare as doth an opbnbrs : 
That Uke fmyt is ever leng the wen Til 
it be roten in mullok or in stre. 

iS3a Palsgrave, Lts Clar. ZAtngut 


1595. Shakspbarb. Romgo and 
JulUtf iL X. Now wili^ he sit under a 
medlar>tree. And wish his mistress were 
that Idnd of fruit. As maids call medlars, 
when they laugh alone — Oh, Romeo, that 
she were, oh, Uiat liie were An opbn>assb. 

1508. Florio, a Worid4 o/WortUst 
8.V. Nespola^ the fruit we call a Meddler 
or an opbn<arsb. 

X696. B. E., DicL Cani, Crtw, s.v. 

X785. Gross. Vule. Tongue, !.▼. 
Mbdlar. a fruit vulgarly called an 
OPBN-A— B, of which it b more truly than 
delicately said, that it is never ripe till it is 
rotten as a t — d, and then it is not worth a 
f— L 

2. (old). — A wench : see Bar- 
rack-hack and Tart.— B. E. 
{c, 1696). 

Open C, subs, pkr. (venery). — ^The 
female pudendum: see Mono- 

Open house, subs, phr, (collo- 
quial). — Hospitality ror all comers. 
— B. E. (r.1096). 

X53a Palsgravb, 597, x. The 
K]rng is determyned to kqpe house or 
OPEN HOUSB this Christmas. 

X89X. Daily Chronicle, ai Mar. Mr. 
Verburgh. M. P., again played: the part of 
host, and kept opbn housb in a large 
marquee near the winning-post. 

Opera buffer, subs, phr, (thea- 
trical). — ^An actor in opera boufTe. 

Opera house, subs, phr, (old).— 
A workhouse. [Fr. Latin <^^a 
= work]. 

OPERATOR, subs, (old).-— A pick- 

0-PER-8E-0, subs, phr, (Old Cant). 
— A Cryer. 

x6x9. Dbkkbr, O pbr SB O, or a new 
crier of lanteme and candle-lights [ Titlel 

O.P.H., pkr, (common). — *Off': 
e^, * Demme, I'm O.P.H.' 

Oppidan, subs, (Eton College).— 
A boy who boards in the town, 
as distinguished from a King's 

Opiniator, subs, (old colloquial).— 
See quot. 

X696. B. £., Dici, Cant, Crew, s.v. 
Opiniator, an Assuming positive Fellow, 
an obstinate self-conceited Cox-oombb 

Opium -JOINT, subs, pkr, (Ameri- 
can). — An opium den. 

Optic, subs, (once literarv : now 
chiefly colloquial). — i. An eye. 
For synonyms su Glims. 

x6oa B. JoNSON, Cpmthia's Revel*, 
L 3. Whose OPTIQOBS haue drunke the 
spirit of beautie. 

X783. CowPBR, Hope, 494. From 
which our nicer optics turn away. 

x8ai. Egan, L^e in London* 
[Dick's], 56. Those tnree nymphs who 
have so much dazded your optics . . . 

X836. MiCHABL ScoTT, Cruiso of the 
Nudge, 187. I distinctly saw, either with 
my Dooily optic, or my mind's eye, I am 
not quite certain which to this hour, adaric 
figure standing on the long-yard. 

x84a. Thomas Egbrton Wilks, 
Batnbooaling, I've got a pain in my 


i8<x. Hawthornb, Seven Gables, 
xvL She screwed her dim optics to their 
acutest point. 

x888. Daily lelegra^, xs Nov. 
I've got my optic on 'em aiid shall have 
'em by-and-by. 

X89X. Lie Viet. GaM., xo Ap. A 
deep cut under the dexter optic 

2. (old). — ^An optic-glass ; a 

<ix7ax. Prior, Celia to Danton. 
When you Love's Joys through Honour's 
OPTIC view. 

Optime, subs, (University).— iS^ 


1 10 


To ORDER one's NAME, verb, 
thr, (Winchester School) : obso- 
lete). — Su qoots, 

x866u Mansfield, School Ufa at 
tVincJUsUr, 333. Order your name. 
An order given to a delinqoent by the 
Head or Second Master, which was 
carried oat bv the boy requesting the 
Ostiarius to do so, the oonseqaence of 
which was, that at the end of soiool that 
officer presented to the Master the victim's 
name 00 a Roll who forthwith received a 
Scrubbing. When the words "to the 
Bible Ckrk" were added, the business 
was confided to that officer, who, with the 
Ostiaritts, oflBkiated at the subsequent 
ceremony, which in this case was called a 

1878. Adams, Wjtkokatmca, xxiiL 
439. Order your name, the directioa 
given to an oflfender by any of the authori- 
ties. The boy so directed, if he was in 
College, or if the order was given in 
school, had to go to the Ostiarius— or to 
the Pnefect in course, if the offence was 
committed in commoners — and give in* 
formation of the order, and the reason 
why it had been given. The Ostiarius, or 
the Praefect in course, wrote down the 
culprit's name, tcwether with that of the 
Master, and the offence, and carried it up 
to the Head or Second Master, when due 
execu^on was done. 

Order-racket, subs, phr. (old). — 
See quot. 

1819. VAUx^Af(riMMVv,iLx93. Order* 
RACKET, obtainmg goods from a shop- 
Iceeper, oy means of a forged order or false 

Ordinary, subs^ ^common). — A 
wife : see Dutch. 

Organ, subs. (Scots servants*). — i. 
A clothes' trunk. 

2. (old). — A pipe. 

1785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue^ s.v. 
Organ, will you cock vour organ, 
will you smoke your pipe. 

3. (printers'). — A workman 
who lends money to his fellows 
at exorbitant interest. To play 
THE ORGAN s to apply foi such 
a loan. 


phr, (military). — ^To Moulder the 
pack or valise at de£Euilters' or 
marching order drill. 

Organ-pipe, subs, (colloquial).— 
I. The throat ; the wind-pipe ; 
the voice. 

2. (dressmakers' : obsolete). — 
In pL = a fulness in skirt-faacks 
created by folds of starched 

Orifice, subs, (venery).— The fe- 
male pudendum : see Monosyl- 

Original go, subs, phr, (Ameri- 
can) — A novel premcament. 

185^ T. W. N. Bavlbv, New T«U* 
o^a 7W^. Excellent ! marvellous 1 beauti* 
ml I O ! Is'n't it now an original go ? 

Orinoko, subs, (rhyming). — See 

1874. HoTTBNjj^ Slang DicU^ Rhym- 
ing;^ Slamg, jfii, 
OnnokerX a pdcer. 

N, Ciuuig nuUt Rhym- 
Orinoko ('proooonced 

Ornament, subs, (venery).~The 
female pudendum: see Mono- 

Ornythorhynchu8,x«^j. (Austra- 
lian). — ^A creditor ; < a beast with 
a bUl.' 

Orphan Collar, subs, phr. (Amer- 
ican). — One that does not match 
the shirt in colour or materiaL 

OscHiVE. See Ochive. 

Ostiarius, subs. (Winchester Col- 
lege : obsolete). — Su quots. 

x866. Wykehamist, Na x, Oct We 
know of nothing more which calls for 
notice, except the revival of Dr. Moberley 
of the OSTIARIUS— an office whidi had 
been discontinued for many years, but was 
revi\'ed by the Head Master on account of 
the great increase in the number of the 




1866. Manspibld, School Life at 
WincktsUr^ 993. Ostiakius— An office 
bdd by the Pnefects in saccesiion. The 
duties w«re, to keep order in idiool, 
cdlect the Vulguses, and prevent the bo^ 
from shirking out. It is also the officul 
title for the ^cood Master. 

1878. Adams, Wykthamka^ xxiii. 
4S9> OsTiARius, the Pnefect in charge of 

OtTLER, subi. (old).— I. An oat- 
stealer ; and (2) in America, a 
horse-thief.— Matsbll (1859). 

Otter, subs, (common). — A sailor. 

Adj. (costermongers*). — Eight. 
[It oUa\ Also OTTO. 

1^3. Embrson, Signor Lippo^ xiv. 
ni take OTTO soldi, that's due soldi for 
baking and six soldi tor navs. 

Ottomy, subs, (old). — A skeleton ; 

a BAG OF BONES [q.V,)\ an ATOMY 

(^.v.). Ottomisbd= anatomised. 

X738. Swift, PoHtt ConptrseUioH 
(Conv. iX Lady Anxnt. Why, my lord, 
she was handsome in her time ; but she 
can't eat her cake and have her cake. I 
hear she grown a meer otomv. 

Z785. Grosx, Vulg, Tot^uet 8.v. 
Ottomy. Yooll be scraazed. ottomised, 
and grin in a glass csue. You U be handed, 
anatonised, and your skeleton kept m a 

1834. H. AiNswoRTH, RookwooiL 
iiL ii b that Peter Bradley? asked 
SybQ. A]f , you may well ask whether 
thst okl dned-ap otomy ... be kith and 
kinof . . . Luke, said Turpin. 

Ounce, subs. (old). — See quots. 

1735. New CoMt Diet, s.v. Half 
an OUNCE, Half<a*crown. 

1785. Gross, Vulg, Tonrue, s.v. 
Half an ouncb, half a crown, silver being 
formerly estimated at a crown or five 
shillings an ounce. 

Out, subs. (old). — i. A dram-glass: 
they are made * two-out * ( = half- 
quartern), * three-out,* and * four- 
out.* When a man wants to 
'treat' a couple of friends he 
asks for *a quartern of gin and 

three-out,' meaning, a quartern of 
gin and three glasses, which 
together will exactly hold that 

1836.^ Dickens, Sketches by Bcs, 40. 
Having imbibed the contents of various 
* three-outs'^ of gin and bitters in the course 
of the morning. 

2. (colloquial). — One out of 
emplo3n[nent or office ; specifically 
(in politics) a member of the 
party in * opposition'. Cf. In. 

1768. Goldsmith, Good Naturea 
Afetn. v. Was it for this I have been 
dreaded both by ins and outs ? Have I 
been libelled in the Gaaetteer, and 
promised in the St. James's ? 

X770. Chatterton, Prophecy. And 
doomed a victim for the sins. Of half the 
outs and all the ins. 

1849. Dickens, AmericaM Notes^ iL 
The in's rubbed, their hands ; the out's 
shook their heads ; the Government party 
said there never was such a good speech ; 
the opposition declared there never was 
such a Dad one. 

1857. Lawrence, Guy Livingstone 
(5th ed.)> 9x6. If he had backed the in 
instead of the out. 

1884. Pall Mall GoMctU, 7 July. 
The pledzes which the ins have to contend 
with in their strife with the outs. 

1888. Boston Daily Globe. It is the 
dvil service that turns out all the ins and 
puts in the outs. 

x89a lioETOH, Political A pnericoM- 
isms, &.V. Ins and o^ts. 

3. (colloquial). — Leave to go 
out ; an outing {g.v.) ; a holiday. 

1847. Halliwell, Archaic Words, 
etc, S.V. 

1853. Dickens, Bleak House^ vii. 
Us London lawryers don't often get an out. 

X855. Mrs. Gaskell, North tmd 
South, xiiL When I have gone for an 
OUT. I've always wanted to go nigh up and 
see tar away, and take a deep breath o' 
fulness in that air. 

x863-5. Shirley Brooks, Noodle- 
tons{^Z^'sU P* 303. We have had three 
pleasant days, Maria, and I think you 
need not have finished the out with a row. 




4. (American). — A discarded 
mistress. — Matsell (1859). 

Verb, (thieves').— I. To kilL 
Whence outing-dues. 

1898. Pink 'Un and PtUean^ 279. 
It was a dire calamity for a Cohen to 
handle the dead. " lie is out," gasped 
the Jew. 

xooa Sims, In LondetisHeari^ 994. 
He glanced contemptuously at the pros- 
trate form of his accomplice. "Looks 
like I've outbd him," he said. "Good 
joh if I have — he'U never blao again." 
Ibid, 123. " I'm hanged if I haven't done 
for him. It's outing dubs this time if 
we're copped." " Dead 1 " exclaimed Joe. 

2. (pugilists'). — To knock out 
an opponent so that he £Bils to 
respond at the call of time. 

z8o8. Pink 'Un and Pelican, 86. 
* Gently, my lad, gently , , , ytx don't 
want to knooc 'im out vet ; give us a little 
show o' yer quality afore you outs him.' 

Adv, (old). — I. Tipsy : see 
Drinks and Screwed. 

2. (colloquial). — General (socie- 
ty) = just presented ; (cricketers') 
=sent from the wickets ; (politi- 
cians' )= not in office ; (thieves') = 
released from gaol ; (market- 
men's = not on sale ; (popular) = 
(i) having a tendency to lose, (2) 
wrong, inaccurate, and (3) un- 

x66a Pepvs, Diary, 7 Oct Calling 
at my father's to change my long hlac£ 
doake for a short one (long doakes being 
now quite our). 

1877. Beigravia, August, z8q. This 
young lady is only just out. She lacks 
the ease, the imperturbability, the tanoir^ 
vtort of her elder sister. 

1877. Fio€ Years' Penal Servitude, 
iiL 333. Oh, that's one of the cleverest 
gentlemen cradcsmen out. 

1885. Dickens, Dorrit, 1. xvi. 123- 
They were all so easy and cheerful to- 
gether (Daniel Doyce either sitting out 
like an amused spectator at caras, or 
coming in with some shrewd little ex- 
periences of hb own, when it happened to 
M to the purpoceX 

To LIVE OUT, vffrd. phr, (Amer- 
ican). — To be in domestic ser- 
vice : ix, as living from home. 

^.x86a Nem York Tribung [Bart- 
lbtt]. She came to this dty and uvso 
OUT as a cook. 

x8[7]. Tbrhunb, Hidden Paik, 78. 
She has never li vbd out before [Centttry], 

Out of it (the hunt, or the 
running), adj. phr, (colloquial). 
I. Debarred from participation ; 
having no chance or share ; com- 
pletely ignorant 

X889. Echo, 9 Feb. For example — 
respecting ' the reversion ' to the Laureate- 
ship — we were informed a day or two bade 
that Mr. Browning was out or ths 

To STAND OUT, tferb, phr. 
(common). — To take no part. 

Out of twig, adj, phr, (old), 
— I. 5^quot 

X819. Vaux, Memoirs, il X94. To 
pot any artide out of twig, as a stolen 
coat, cloak, etc, is to alter it in such a way 
that it cannot be identified. Ibid. To 
put yoursdf out op twig, is to dissuiae 
your dress and appearance, to avoid being 
recognised, on some particular account. 

2. (old). — Seeqjiot, 

x8xo. Vaux, Memoirs, iL 1^9. A 
man reduced by poverty to wear a wabby 
dress is said by his acquaintances to bie 
OUT OF twig. 


In and in and In and out. 

Out of God's blessing into 
the warm sun, phr, (old). — 
From better to worse. 


X581. LVLV, Eupkues, Z, 3. 

Therefore if thou wilt follow my ad' , 

and prosecut thine owne determination, 


SUNNB INTO God's blkssing. 

x6os. Shakspbarb, Lear, iL 9. Good 
King, thou must approve the common 
saw; Thou OUT of hbavbn's bvnbdiction 
oomest To thb warmb sun. 




1608. SiK John HaringtoNi CmimL 
•f Bishop, CarhU, Marks — removed 
mxQ Carlisle to Lamos in Greece ; viz. 
OUT OF God's blessing into a warms 
SUNNB, as the saying n. 

1615. Harrington, B^grams^ iL 
^ Pray God they bring as not, when all 
IS done. Out op God's blbssing into 



x66a HowBLL, Eng, Provtr^t s* 
X76a Rat, Praotrhs, s.v. 

Out for an airing, pkr, 
(racing). — Said of a horse not 
meant to win. 

X889. Snorting TimtSt ag Jtme. 
Bat wlule Isabel, in racing sbuig, was 
Curly *on the job,' Her frioid was only 


x88q. Sioftdard, as June. Trainers 
and jockeys, firom varioas trivial circum- 
stances, very easily gathered whether a 
partacalar horse was only out for an 
AIRING, or whether it was on the job. 

[Other colloquial combinations are To 
BE at outs a to quarrel ; to make no 
OUTS (of a person) — to misunderstand ; out 
of couNTBNANCXssoonfounded ; out of 
HANDS (i) immediately, without delay, (9) 
ungovernable ; our of cry » out of meas- 
ore ; out of frame a out of order ; 
OUT OF heart ss wom out (of land), 
down hearted (of persons) ; oirr (or down) 
AT HEEL (or AT ELB0ws)s shabbily dressed ; 
OUT AT LEG a feeding in hired pastures (of 
cattle) ; ouT'OF-pocKETsa loser : out of 
TBMPERstoo hot, or too cold ; out of 
PRiNTsMr quot. ; out ofthewavsuu* 
common, etc, etc Also stt barrel; 
collar ; FimDS ; harness ; have ; kel- 
TBR ; loose ; lug ; picaroon ; pocket ; 
PUFF ; register ; sorts ; wood. 

disss' Latimer [CeniurA, The 
Ring's majesty when he cometh to age, 
wiU see a redress of those things so out 
of frame. 

X605. Shakspbare, King Ltmr, iL 
a. A good man's ifuture may grow out 


1696. & B., Diet Camt. Crtw, s.v. 
Out at heels. 

1785. Grose, KmSt. Tanguet s.v. 
Out at heels. 

x8xx. Lexie^n B4Uatr9micum, a. v. 

18x9. Vaux, Memcirs. XL X94. Out 
OF THE WAV, a thief who knows that he 
is sought after by the traps on some in- 
formation, and consequently goes out of 
town^ or otherwise conceals himself, is said 
by his pals to be out of the way for so 
and so, naming the particular offence he 
stands charged with. {Set Wanted]. 

x8a3. Grose, I^h^. Tongtu [Egan]. 
Out of Print. Slang made use of by 
booksellers. In spealung of any person 
that is dead, they observe, he is out of 


X85X-6. Mayhbw, Lond» Lab, and 
Load PooTf iiL xaa. He was a little 
down at heel. 

Out-and-out, adj. and adv. (col- 
loquial). — Thorough ; primb 
(q.v.) ; * far and away.' 

• • • • 

RamHtuom MS,, C 36. The 
kyng was good alle aboute. And she was 
wyocyd oute and oute. For she was <k 
soche comforte. She lovyd mene ondir her 

1819. Vaux, Memoirs^ iL X93. 
OuT-AND-oirr, quite ; completely ; effectu- 

1837. Thackeray, YeUam Phuk 
Papers, in Fraser^s Mag., xo Oct. 
Skelton's Anatomy b a work which as 
been long wanted in the littery world A 
reglar, slap up, no mistake, out*an'-out 
account of the manners of gentele society. 

X843. Dickens, Mariin CAmzsUwii, 
vii 7x. ^ A quarrelsome family, or a malid* 
ous tamily. or even a good out-and-out 
mean family, would open a field of action 
as I might do something in. 

X874. E. L. Linton, PaMcia Kem- 
ball, viL You are out-and-out the most 
independent radical for a lady I have ever 

1897. Kennard, Girl im Brown 
HaHif iL That's the way with them out- 
and-out sportsmen. They're always the 
first to come to a comrade's assistance. 

Out-and-outer, subs, phr, (col- 
loquial). — A person or thing, 

x8x9. Vaux, ilfriMffrv. iL X94. Our 
and outer, an incorrigible depredator, 
who will rob friend or stranger indiscrim- 
inately. Ibid A person of a resolute 
determined spirit, wno pursues his object 
without regard to danger or difficulties. 






1891. Egan, Li/* in Lamdon [Dick], 
95. Logic . . . was considered aa out- 


1809. Old Song [Farmbr, Mnta 
Pedestris (x8{26). X07]. Are they out-ano- 

x836b DiCKBNS, Pickwick^ xl. p. 354. 
It was discovered that one of the turnkeys 
had a bed to let . . . If yonll come with 
me, 111 show it yoo at once, said the man. 
It ain't a large 'un, tmt it's an out-anz>- 
OUTBR to sleep in. 

1838. DiCKBNS, Nteholat Nickltht 
Ix. I am the man as b guaranteed .... 
to be an out-ani>outbr in morals. 

X855. Thackeray, Ntwconut^ xvii. 
Master Clive was pronounced an out-and- 
OUTBR, a swell, and no mistake. 

X877. '^^Vcw Ytar^ Penal Serviiudit 
itL She were an out*ah]>outbr in gobg 
into shops on the filch. 

x888. BoLDRB^NrooD, Robbtry Under 
ArmSf XX. Isn't he a regular out-akd* 
OUTBR to look at? 

2893. MiLUKBN, 'Arty BaUadt, 37. 
Now one twigs out-anim>utbrs take 
down wots too spice a'most for the Pis. 

OUTER, suds, (shooting). — i. That 
part of a target used in rifle- 
shooting, which is outside the 
circles sarronnding the baH's-eye; 
and (2) a shot which strikes 
the outer part of a target. 

1884. TVwMff, 23 July. Running 
through the scoring; gamut with an outbr, 
a magfMe, and a miss. 

Outfit, su6s, (colonial). — See qaot. 

dtSfx McClurb, RocJIu^ Mtmutains, 
axx. In the Far West and on the Plains, 
every thing is an outpit, from a railway 
train to a pocket*knife. It is applied 
indiscriminately, — to a wife, a horse, a 
dog, a cat, or a row of pins. 

x889b O'Rbillt, F(/ij^ Years on the 
Trail . . . The wagon master had the 
presence of mind to gallop his team out 
into the prairie, whilst the entire outfit 
made for the best cover it o<Kild find. 

z888. SL Lamie Giebe^Demeerait 
x6 Feb. The fortune we had longed for 
lay at our feet . . . That night we let 
three of the most reckless devils in the 
OUTFIT into the secret, and the next taom- 
ing I started for San Francisco. 

1888. Miswuri RepublicoH^ x Apu 
I returned to Las V^as with a fireigbter. 
whose OUTFIT consisted of six horses ana 
two wagons, one of the latter being a 
trail vehicle. 

Out • Herod. To out-hbrod 
Hbrod, vrh, (colloquial).— To 
exceed in excess. 

Shakspbarb, Hiuttlet, iii 

iu. s. 

xs* Iwottld have such a fellow — ^^ — 
fiv o'er-doing Termagant ; itouT-KBRODS 
Hbrod : Pray 3rou, avoid it. 

x8ax. Bgan, Lift in London [Dick's], 
%y The author . . . intends to do a great 
deal, but he does not mean to out-hbrod 

X84S. PoB, Prote Tales, i. 343. 
The figure in question had out*hbrodbd 
Hbrod, and gone beyond the bounds of 
even the prince's indefinite decorum. 

1^x859. Db QuiNCBY, JEiwiMf, L Yet 
another and a very favourite emperor 
OUT-HBRODS even this butcher [Gallienus]. 

OUTINQ, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 
holiday ; an out (f.v.). 

x86a Haliburton ('Sam Slick 7, 
The Season Ticket. No. viL I once gave 
her an outing to London, and when she 
returned, I asked her bow she liked it. 

1864. Sun, s8 Dec.^ Review of 
HottetfsSL Dict.^ There u no mention 
of a holiday term in verv common use that 
we ought to have found here alphabetically 
recorded in 'The Slang Dictionary' — 
meaning the phrase of an outing. 

X879. Jas. Pavn, Hig:k Spirits 
LAdventure in a Foresty, I only knew 
Kpping Forest as a spot rarely visited save 
by the wild East £nders on their Sunday 

X885. Field, 4 Apu They got their 
OUTING 4rhich IS a great deaL 

2. (provincial).— ^ quot. 


Ii6 OvetjL & Plunder. 

t890w G<ANT Allbn, Tk* Ttnit ^ 
Sktm, X. Nobody, and opecuny not a 
oeppcry old General whos served more 
Sanbair his Ufe in India likes to have it 
dictated to him by rank outsidbrs what 
dispo^tion he's to make of his own money. 

X90X. M. A. P; s Feb.| 1x3, x As 
lie has already some connection with the 
gsftusic halls, he most have mote opportuni* 
ci«s of learning the ropes than an out* 

3. (racing). — A person who 
fiiils to gain admission to the 
*ring' from pecuniary or other 

OVEN, SMbs. (old). — I. A large 
month.— Grose (1785); Mat- 
SBLL (1859). 

2. (venery). — ^The female pu- 
demdum : see Monosyllable. 

£.X7S0). DURPKV, PilU t0 Pttrgtt dr^. 
#1790), vi 91. 'The Jolly Tradesmen.' 
^ot if my^ OvBN be overshot, I dare not 
chrust it in. Sir; For burning of my 
'WrigUng.Pole, My Skill's not worth a 
piOf Sir. 

In the same oven, adj, phr, 
(common). — In the same plight. 

OVER, subs, (commercial). — In //. 
A surplus on the day's accounts ; 



OVER and Comb the old sol- 

To get over, fferb, pkr, 
(common).— To get the better; 
TO BEST (^.v.). 

xZio, Hazlbwood and Williams, 
lAttoe it U Mtt i. Shell soon gbt ovxx 
her foolish attachment, but whether or no 
she don't get ovsr me. 


COALS, vet^. pkr, (common). — 
To reprimand. 

17x9. DuRPBv. puis U Purgtt A^t 
Iji. 93. Vet your Bladcsmith can pbtch 


To DO OVER, fferb. pkr. 
(venery). — To possess a woman : 
see Grbens and Ride. 

Over the bay, phr» (Ameri- 
can). — Drunk : see Drinks and 

Over the stile, phr, (rhym- 
ing). — Sent for trial. (Hotten). 


pkr. (old colloquial). — To turn 
out ; TO give the key of the 

STREET ig.V.). 

Over at the knees, pkr. 
(stable). — ^Weak in the knees. 

Over-shoes, over boots, 
pkr. (old).^^^^^ quot. 

C.X696. B. E., Diet. Cmui. Crtw. 



See also Bender; Broom- 
stick ; and Left. 

Over- DAY tarts, subs. pkr. (Bil- 
lingsgate). — See qnot 

X889. Tit Bits, X7 Aug., 998, 2. 
About 34 hours after capture the herring 
b liable to the pouring out of extravasation 
of blood about his gills and fins, which 
darkened and damaged or bruised appear- 
ance is quaintly called in the fish trade 


Overdo, verb, (old : now recog- 
nised). — See qnot. c. 1696. 

16x4. JoNSON, Bartholomew Fair, 
Justice OvsKOO, &c. 

CX696. B. B., DicU Cant. Crew, t.v. 
OvKRDO, double diligence. 

Overdraw. To overdraw the 
BADGER. See Badger. 

Overflow AND pluhdkr^s. pkr. 
(theatrical).— .Sfif quot 




189a COLBMAN [SlOHgt JargOH, 

andCmtUU s.v. Ovkkflow and Plundbs. 
The unsospecdng auditor has an order for 
the pit ; he goes there, and finds the nit 
aammed to suffocadon by people wno 
have not paid. Upon paymoit of six- 
pence he goes to the upper boxes, they are 
also crowded ; sixpence more takes hun to 
the dress drde. Before he can obtain a 
seat he b bled cf another sixpence for his 
greatcoat^ another for his umbrella, and 
another for a programme. The pc^orm- 
ances id these places were as disreputable 
as the management, and, as a rule, would 
disgrace a show at a country fiur. 

Overlander, Jt<^x. (Australian). — 
A tiamp ; a sundowner (^v.)* 
Also Overland man and Over- 


Overland -TROUT, tuis. phr, 
(American). — Bacon. 

Overrun. Su Constable. 


subs, phr, (old). — See qaots. , Bar- 
RACK-HACK and Tart. 

.... Kennett MS, [Haluwbll]. 
An ovBXswiTCHT HouswiPB, a loose 
wanton slut, a whore. 

1598. Shaxspbasb, 9 Henry IV. iii 
3. He came ever in the rear-ward of ^e 
fashion ; and sung those tunes to uvbr- 
scuTCHBD HUswiPBS that he heard the 
carmen whistle, and sware— they were his 
fancies, or his good-nights. 

1675. Ray, North-Country Wordt, 
OvBRSwiTCHBD housewife. A whore ; a 
ludicrous word. 

Overseen, A^l (old).— More or less 
in liqaor: see Drinks and 

^ 161 X. CoTGRAVB, Diet, Well nigh 
whittled, almost drunke, somewhat ovkk- 


<£x6<4. L'ESTKANGB [ThOMS. (1838), 

Anecd, and Trad,^ P> 54.] He heard he 
tooke a Cuppe too much at Ipswich, and 
was sorry ... he should be so much 


1847. Halliwbll, Areh, Werdtt 

ttCt S.V. 

Overseer, subs, (old). — ^A man in 
the pillory. ^Grosb (1785). 

Overshot, adj. (common). — 
Drunk : see Drinks and 

OVERSPARRED, adj\ (naatical). — 
Top-heavy ; drank : see Drinks 
ana Screwed. 

1891. Clark Russbll, Ocean Trm- 
gedh, 4. I believe he could have carried 
a whole bottle in his head without exhibiting 
himself as in the least degree ovBKSFAKRBDb 

Overtaken, adj. (common).-— 
Drank:x«» Drin Ks and Screwed. 

1655. Massingbs, yerv IVcmnn, 
iiL 5. And take heed of being o'bb- 
TAKBN with too much drink. 

X692. Hackbt, Life ^ WilUa$ns^ 
. .^ . . He was temperate also in his 
drinking . • . ., but I never spake with the 
man that saw him ovbrtakbn. 

1699. CONGREVB, Way o/the Worlds 
iv. xa My nephew's a little ovbhtakbn, 
cousin — ^but 'tis with drinking your health. 

X7xa. spectator^ Na 45a I do not 
remember 1 was ever ovbbtakbn hi 

1847. Halliwbu., Areh. IVords, 

6^., S.V. 

X87X. Mrs. S. C Hall, in Chant' 
here's Mise,t Na xsa, xx. I'm sure 
Murphy must have been ovbktakbn, or 
he'd never dare to propose sudi a thing. 

OVERTOYS BOX, subs. phr. (Win- 
chester CoU^e). — A box like a 
cupboard to hold books : su 

Owl, xti^x. (common). — i. A prosti- 
tute: su Barrack-hack and 

2. (University). — A member of 
Sidney Sussex College, Cam- 
bridge : obsolete. 

3. (general). — ^A person much 
about at night. 


1 20 



(old). — A reply that leaves one 
nothing to say. 

<^X556. Udall, AMk,^ 6x. At an 
other'season, to a feloe laiyng to his rebuke 
that he was over deintie tA hu mouthe 
and diete, he did with this reason give a 


X547. Hkvwood, Praoerist xL [She] 
thereilore deviseth to cast in my teeth 
checks and choking oysters. 

Old Oyster, subs, phr, (com- 
mon).— A vulgar, playful endear- 

1899. MiLUKBN, *Arry Baliadst 17. 
Life don't want lifting, old oyster. 

The Oyster, suds, (venery). 
— The semen. Whence oyster 
CATCHER = the female pudm- 
dum; and oyster-catching s 

Oyster- FACED, adj, (streets'). — 
In need of shaving. [In allusion 
to the oyster's beard]. 




x6s9. QhMXXy Holy Madn,^f^ What 
an Alderman's pack he comes. 

phr, (colloquial). — To exhibit 
one's capability ; to show what 
one can do. 

PACER,x«^x.(colloquial).— Primarily 
a fkst horse; hence anything of 
great speed or activity. 

Pack, subs, (old).— A prostitute: 
.set Tart. Also a general term 
of reproach with no reference to 
sex. Su Naughty. 

Adj. (Scots* : colloquial). — 
Intimate ; ^miliar. 

</.i795. Burns, liL 3. Nae doubt but 
they were fain o' tther ; An' unco' pack 
an thick the gither. 

180S. NicoL, Poems. tL 80. Thejr 
war auid comrades, frank an' free. An' 
pack an' thidc as tods cou'd be. 

1808. Jamibson, Diet., S.V. Pack. 
Probably a cant word from English pack, 
a number of people confederated. 

Verb, (also PACK OFF, SEND 
PENNY TO, etc) (old colloquial). 
— I. To dismiss without cere- 
mony ; to send about one's busi- 
ness ; to discharge summarily : 
also, to depart hurriedly. — B. £. 
{c. 1696). 

1540. Lyndsay, Satvrt 0/ iks Thrie 
EtiaiHs [E. E. T. S. (1869) line 975] Suyith! 
hursun Carle : gang, pak the hence. 

158a Barbt. ^/iEvarrtr [Halliwsll]. 
Make speede to flee, be packing awaie. 

1593. Skakspbarb. Taming^ ^ ike 
SArttu, iL X. If she do bid me pack. I'll 
give her thanks, As though she bia me 
stay by her a week. /Szti. Richard III. 
(1597) i. X. He . . . must not die. Till 
George be pack'd with post horse up to 

X603. ToMKis, Lingua [Brbwbk]. 
Roses and bays, pack hence ! This crown 
and robe . . . How gallantly it fiu me I 

x6o8. Day, Law Trickes, tii Win, 
pretbee give the Fidler a testar and sbmd 
HIM packing. 

X609. JoNSON, C«f^r>y4//rm/, iiL 3. 



1699. Duer. ^Leve [Farmer, Musa 
Pedestris ^1896) 15]. Without delay, 
poore wretdies tbey will set their Duds a 


X641. Baker, ChronicUs, 106. So 
once anin is Gaveston sent packing out 
of the Kingdom. 

1659. Day. Blind Beggar^ i. s. 
Tudy. Do you but send away Sir Walter 
Playnsey, Let me alone to pack the 

1663. Rump SongSt L 59b And so 
well banish Popery, And send it packing 

X664. Cotton. Virgil Traoestio.7Z. 
And if that he shall still be Ucking, Then 
back again we'll straight be packing. 

X667. T>KVJ>^St Sir Martin Mmrkail. 
iv. One word more of this gibberish, and 
I'll SET YOU packing fxom your new ser* 

X656. Muses Roer, [Hotten], 3X. 
We must all pack into the North. 

X7a8. Bailey, Eng. Diet. , s. v. Pack. 
To pack up his awls ... to march off, 
to go away in haste. 

X73a Miller, Humeurs o/OxJord^ 
iv. a. I have sent him a packing as 
conjurors do a ghosL 

X766W Goldsmith, Viear 0/ Wake- 
JUld, xxL Gentle or Simple out she shall 


18x5. Scott. Guy Manttering^t xxxlv. 
I believe he woulo have packed biro back 
here, but his nephew told him it would do 
up tne free trade for many a day, if the 
youngster got back to Scotland. 

1846. Planche, Cetfrt Pavomr, L 
Lucv. It would be so channinE to send 
all the Dutch packing . . . and for you 
to be made generalissimo i 

X884. Wood, /oknnv Ludlowt "^ S. 
No. VI. 9^ rU send you back to school : 
you shall both pack opp this very hour. 

2. (American).— To drink : see 
Drinks and Scrbwed. 

X847. Porter, Quartsr Raet, A^., 
X03. The captain used to boast that he 
coald PACK a gaUon witbeut iu setting 
him back any. 





verb, phr, (Scots').— To waste 
one^s substance ; to spend all. 
Eat-the-pack = a spendthrift. 
Cf, Pact. 

PACKETfXfi^x. (provincial).— Ahoaz; 
a false report Packets = an 
expression of incredulity. — Grose 

Pack-thrcad, subs. (old). — Covert 
obscenity.— Grose (1785). 

Pact. To spend the pact, verb, 
phr. (Scots'). — To waste one's 
substance : also TO perish the 

Pad, jtf^x. (Old Cant).— I. A path; 
a road or highway. Also High- 

X573. Harman, Caoeai (18x4), 66. 
The HVGH PAD, the high way. 

x6ia Rowlands, Martin MarkaU^ 
40 (H. Club's Repr. X874), s.v. 

x6xx. MiDDLBTON and Dbkkbr, 
Roaring Girl, v. x. Avast, to the pad, 
let us bing. 

X633. Flbtchbr, Btgga»*s Busk, To 
mauod on the pad. 

1695. JoNSON, StapU qfNews^ IL A 
rogue, a very canter I, nr, ooe that maands 
npoQ the PAD. 

d,xT%\, PuoK, Th^f amd Card4li€r, 
The sqture of the pad and the kxught of 

1734. CoLBS, Eng, Diett s.v. 

x8x8. Scott, Rob Roy, tv. Gentle* 
men of the pad, as they were then termed. 

2. (old colloquial). — ^An easy- 
paced horse ; an ambler. Also 
PAD-NAG. — B. E. (r.1696). 

17x7. CiBBBR, Nonjuror^ L x. I 
was about buying a pad-nag for your 

X770. FooTB, Lamt Lmfer, L x. He 
would not sample to break an appointment 
... in order to buy a pad-nag for a lady. 

^ <£,x89a. Tbnmyson, Lady 0/ Skaiot, 
il 90. An abbot on an amUmg pad. 

3. (old). — A highway robber ; 
a foot-PAD ; a tramp : also 
padder and (Scots') paddist. 

x6xa Rowlands, Martin MarhaU^ 
p. 40 (H. Club's Repr. 1874), s.v. 

1665. R. Hbad, English Rogus^ l 
V. p. 5x (1874)1 8.V. 

x69S. Massingbr, New Way to Pay 
Old DebtSt iL i. Are they paddbrs or that are your consorts ? 

1668. Drydbn, Attmmuuar^ PreL 
x^ Who, like bold paddbrs, scorn by 
mght to prey, But rob by sunshine, in the 
fisoe of day. 

1671. Annand, Mysterium Pieta- 
iist 85.^ A paddist or highwayman, 
attempting to spoil a preacher, ordering 
him to stand . . . was answered, etc 

1673. Shadwbll, E/som JVglls, iii. 
[IVks. (x73o]|, iL 345]. Bribes received 
firom PADS, pick-pockets, and shop*lifts. 

X678. Butlbr, /fttdibras, in. x. He 
spnrr'd as jockies use to break. Or paddbrs 
to secure a raik. 

x68o. Cotton, G€UHester^ 333. Gilts, 
PADS, biters, etc . . may all pass under 
the general appellation of rooks. 

X683. Crownb, City PoUticSt v. x. 
Such rogues as you, who abuse your trade, 
and like so many paddbrs, make all people 
deliver their purse that ride in the road of 

C.X696. B. B., Diet. Cant, Crew, s.v. 
Pad . . . Rum pad, a daring or stout 

X707. Ward, Hudibras ReeUmvus, 
II. iv. aa. Since the Ladder Has tum'd 
off many a handsom Paddbr. 

X708. London Bewitched^ 6. This 
month hedges . . . will be the leacher's 
bawdy-hou«e ; the paddbr's ambuscade ; 
. . . and the farmer's security. 

X7ia. Shirley, Triumph qf IVit 
[Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1^96). 37]. 
The third was a padder, that fell to decav. 
Who used for to plunder upon the high- 

1746. Peer Robini'SAXBS]. Mercury, 
What does that thief Mercury do with 
Venus? Why even the very same that 
hectors and paddbrs do with ladies of 

X78X. Mbssink, Seng [CAeiee ^Har. 
leqnitii. Ye scampe, ye pads, ye divers, 
and all upon the lay. 




x5x8. ^OOTT^ Heart of Midlothian^ 
XXV. A gude fellow that has been but a 
twelvemonth on the lag, be he ruffler or 


t8x^ Byron, Don Juan^ il xi. 
These freeborn sounds proceeded from four 
PADS In ambush laid. 

4. (old). — Sm^oX^ 1823. 

1664. ^TwexKOGB.^ Tfu Comical Re- 
venge^ z. a. Palmer ... I am grown 
more than half virtuous of late. I have 
laid the dangerous pad now quite aside. 

C.X819. Sottg of the Young Prig 
[Farmbr, Musa Pedestris (xSgiS), 83]. 
The cleanest angler on the pad. 

x8a3. Bbb, Diet, Turf, s.v. Pad 
(the^highway robberv, forcioly. Foot 
peuu — dismounted highwaymen. Pads — 
are al«> 8treet*robbers. 

£.1824. Egan, Boxiana, iiL 69z*a. 
For Dick had beat the hoof upon thb 


1893. Henlbv and Stevenson, 
Deacon BrodiCt 11. L 33. He's a light 
hand on the pad, has Jemmy, and leaves 
his mark. 

5. (old). — A bed : also pod. 
[Pod = a bundle (Diet, Cant. 
Crew), often used as a pillow or 
bed]. See Lktty. 

Verb. (Old Cant). — I. To 
travel on foot ; to tramp : also 

TO PAD (plod, bang, or BBAT) 

THE HOOF {g.v,y Ft, fendre 
V ergot (^^ to split the spar). 

x5o8<9. Shakspbare, Merry Wioet 
qf Windsor^ L 3. Trudge, plod, away, 

O' THE hoop. 

x6xo. Rowlands, Martin Marh-Allt 
'The Maunder's Wooing.' O Ben mort 
wilt thou pad with me. 

1644*55. Howell, Letters ^ i. i. ^^ 
[1796]. The Secretarv was put to beat 
THE HOOP himself, and foot it home. 

</.x659. Bradford, Letters [Parker 
See (X858), il 46]. Though the weather 
be foul . . . y^et go not ye alone . . . your 
brothers and sisters pad the same path. 

X684. BuNYAN, Pilgrinis Progress^ 
IL A UoQ . . . came a great padding 
pace after. 

X665. Head, Eng, Rogue^ l vL 59. 
Beating the hoop we overtook a Cut. 

X687. Brown, SaisUs in 6>., 8a 
ilVks, (1730), L 78.] We beat the hoop 

X748. Dvche, Diet., S.V. Hoof. To 
beat the hoop (V.) to walk much op and 
down, to go a>foot. 

X788. PiCKEN, Poems, 37, 85. Fare- 
weel, ye wordiest pair o' shoon. On you 
I've padded, late an' soon. 

X78a Parker, Li/Vs Painter [Far- 
mer, Musa Pedestris (X896), 60]. Etb 
they to church did pad. To nave it 
chnsten'd Joe, sir. 

X859. Matsell, yoeab,^ I most pad 
like a bull or the oops will nail me. 

x868. Browning, RingamdBoot. il 
377. The muzzled ox . . . gone Uioo in 
padding round and round one path. 

i88a SoMERViLLB. Fables, i. Two 
toasts with all their trmkets gone, pad* 
ding the streets for half-a-crown. 

X883. Daily News, 93 June, 3, 3. As 
the child of Seven Dials walks the streets, 
padding the weary hoop .... be sees 
plenty of street sights. 

X887. Henley, Filloris Straight 
Ti^, 3. Pad with a slang, or chuck a 

2. (old). — To rob on foot, or 
on the highway : also TO go on 
THE PAD. — B. £. (^.1696); Gross 


X639. Ford, Lad/s Trial, v. i. 
One can . . . pick a pocket, pad for a 
cloak, or hat, and, in the dio-k. Pistol a 
straggler for a quarter«ducat. 

X685. Cotton Mather, Discourse 
on Witchcraft (X689), 7. As if you or I 
should say: We never met with any 
robbers on the road, therefore there never 
was any padding tnere. 

<£x745. SwiPT, to Mr. Congreve 
\Ceniury\ These pad on wit's high>road, 
and suits maintain, with those they rob. 

On THE VKXiyphr, (common). — 
On the tramp. 

185X. Mavhew, l.ond. Lab. x. 46a. 
Her husband was on the pad in Uie 




To STAND PAD, verb, phr, 
(vagnmts*) — To beg by the way- 

1863. H. Mayhbw, Land, Lab, iv. 
9^ Beggan . . . vAxo stand pad with 
ukement and pretend to hide their faces. 

X875. Ltiter [Ribton-Turnbr, Va- 
grmnts and VagroHcy^ 64a]. I obtained 
three children .^. . for three shilling, . . 
to STAND PAD With me ... on a Saturday. 

To PAD ROUND, verb, phr, 
(tailors*).— To pay great attention 
to a customer ; to cringe ; TO 


Gbntlrmbn op the pad. 
See Paddbr. 

Pad in the straw, subs.phr. 
(old colloquial). — Anythingamiss; 
danger concealed ; ' a snake in the 

1551* Still, Gammer GurictCt 
IfeedU^ V. a. Ye perceive by this lingring 
there is a pad in thb straw. 

X5[r] QiOLLiKBi^OldBalladsXYLKLLi' 
wkll). Here \ft% in dede the paddb 

PAD-BORROWER, Subs, phr, (old). 

A horse thief.--GROSB (1785). 

Pad-clinkinq, subs, phr. (Old 
C^t). — Hobnobbing with foot- 

x86^ KiNGSLBY, HiUjmrt amd Bur* 
t^ns, xu. My pad-clinking . . . bucks, 

Padded, subs. (old). — i. See Pad ; 
subs, sense 3. 

2. in pi. (common). — Feet ; 
boots, or shoes ; see Creepers. 

xSaS. Egan, FimsA to Tom amd 
JerrVf ^o9b My paddbrs. my stampers, 
my bodcets, otherwise my boots. 

Padding-crib (or -ken), si^s. phr. 
(Old Cant). — A lodging house : 
if. doss-house. 

1851. H. Mavhxw, London Lab. L 
a6i. Others resort to the r^ular padding- 
KBNS, or houses of call for vagabonds. 

1857. Snowdbn, Mag, Assist. 444, 


1866. Temple Bar, xvL 184. Let 
the spikes be what they may they were a 
great deal better than the padding-kens. 

X883. R^eree, 95 March, r, 4. The 
hotel and lodging-house keepers, the pro- 
prietors of PADDING-KBNS expeCt 

to make profit out of the race being held 
where it is to be held. 

1889. Answers, 11 May. 374. Not 
long ago considerable disturbances took 
place at this very paddbn kbn. 

1893. Embrson, Signer Li/po^ xiv. 
Before you can open a paddin-kbn, 3ron 
must get a licence from the charpering 
carsey which lasts for a stretch. 

Paddinqton-fair, subs, (old).— A 
l^^nging- [Tyburn being in Pad- 
dington Parish]. To dance the 
Paddington frisk = to be 
hanged: see Ladder. — Diet. 
Cant, Creuf {1696); Grose (1785). 


phr. (old).— The cap pulled over 
the eyes of a criminal on the 
scaffold : su Paddington-fair. 

Paddle, ' subs, (common). — The 
hand : see Daddlb. 

^^3. (common). — i. To drink: 
hence to have paddled = to 
be intoxicated: su Drinks and 

2. (venery).— To play with a 
woman ; to mess about : su 


X604. Shakspbarb, Wtntet^s Tale, 
b 7. Paddling palms and pinching 

X847. Halliwbll, Diet,, 8.v. Pad- 
DLB . . . etiam designat moltiter manibus 
tractare alignidet agitare, as to paddlb 
in a ladies neck or bofonu 




3. (American).— To go or ran 

Su Canob. 

Paddy, subs, (common). — i. An 
Irishman : also paddy- whack 
and PADDYLANDBR. Hence, 
Paddy-land = Ireland.— Gross 

English synonyms. Bog- 
trotter ; Emeralder ; Mick, mike 
or midcy ; paddylander ; paddy- 
whack ; Pat ; patent Frencnman ; 
patlander ; shurt. 

xBox. Sharps [Cm fVi;^Mu^bicr{x888X 
L zis]. Vou woald be much suipnsed to 
tee these cronies of mine . . . they are all 
there Paddies. 

1817. Scott, Search after HaMi- 
nesst xxiL The odds that foil'd Hercules 
fotl'd Paddy Whack. . . . Alack ! Ub- 
bnbboo I Paddy had not— a shirt to his 

xSsa Smbdlbv, Frattk Fairlerh^ be. 
After I had had a good laugh . . . I . . . 
< discoorsed ' 'em, as Paddy calls it. 

1874. Linton. Patricia KembaU^ 
xii. He once went over on business to 
what he always called Paddy-land. 

x8 [?J. IrUh Sonr (Hottkn). I'm 
Paddy Whack, from Ballyhack. 

2. (common).— A rage ; a pas- 
sion : also Paddy-whack. 

To COMB Paddy over, vtrb, 
pkr. (American). — ^To bamboozle; 
to hambug. 

Paddy Quick, subs, and adj, 
(rhyming slang).— i. A stick ; 
and (2) Slick. 

Paddy's Blackquards, subs, phr. 
(militaiy). — The Royal Irish 
Regiment, formerly The i8th 
Foot. Also " The Namurs." 

paddy's hurricane, subs, phr, 
(nautical).— No wind at all; a 
' breeze up and down the mast* 

Paddy-wack (Paddy, or Paddy's 
watch), subs, phr, (conunon).— 
Set qaot 

z886. NoUs and Queries, 7th S.., I 
4t8. Before the tax on almanacs ... a 
class of printers [sold] an almanack un- 
stamped, and this was often called Paddy's 
Watch. They were hawked about, . . . 
sold at 3d., and often for less, when a 
stamped almanac oo^t is. gd. or as. I have 
often heard . . . 'Have you an almanac?' 
and the answer has been, ' We have a 

2. See Paddy, subs, i and 2. 

Paddywestkr, subs, (nautical).— 
See quot. 

z89a. Pbrrv, Voyage ^ Boadicea. 
[Bays Own Pa^^ t8 May, 649]. Paddy 
Wbstbrs . . . Incompetent, worthless, 
or destitute sailors or landsmen masquer- 
ading as ff* ^mi>a . 

Padlock. See Plrasurb-boat. 

Pad-naq. See pad, sttbs, sense 2. 

Padre, subs, (services). — A clergy- 
man : see Dbvil-dodgbr. [From 
the Portuguese]. 

1888. Ckamb, Jonmali 14 Jan., 18. 
The chaplain, who on board ship u known 
by a a thousand more or less irreverent 
names — Padrx, sky-pilot, etc. 

Paff, intj. (colloquial). — An 
interjection of contempt ; bosh I 
Hence piff-paff= jargon. 

X851. LoNGPBLLOw, Golden Legend, 
These beggars . . . lamed and manned, 
and fed on chaff, chanting their wonderful 


1897. /'a//^d^,a8 Sept, 8,3. The 
combatants used their fists only . . . Paf I 
PAP I one for you, and pap I paf I for 
your opponent. 

Paqan, subs. (old). — A prostitute : 
see Barrack-hack and Tart. 

1659. Massingbr, City Madam, U. 
X. I have had my seveial pagans billeted 
for my own tooth. 




1844. SklBV, L0HtUm by Night, L a. 
I see you su« not too proud to shake hands 
with an old pal. 

1858. VIkthxw. Paved vntk Geld. 
III. V. Ned and Poil, mutually agreed 
that their pal was ' a bom genius.' 

1871. Standard^ 96 Dec. Their 
PALS outside, the gentry who hocus Jack 
ashore in the east, pick the pockets of 
Lord Dundreary in the west. 

1879. McCarthy, D<mna Quixote, 
xxxvii. A coward like that couldn't even 
be true to his pal. 

x88x Didly Telegraph, 7 Oct, 6, x. 
The witness added that the parties were 
very good friends ; in fact, they were pals 

x8qx. Nkwman, Scamping Tricks, 
7a I nad an old pal with me. 

1893. Chsvalibr. The Little Nipper 
[Farmbr, Musa Peaestris (1B06), xoa]. 
'E caU 'is mother 'Sallv,' and "u faUier 
'good old PALLY,' and 'e only stands 
about so 'igh, that's all I 

1893. Embrson, Signor Lippo, v. 
His PALS didn't seem to take notice. 

Verb, (common). — I. To make 
friends with ; to diam. 

1879. Autobiography 0/ a Thief, \n 
MacmiUan*s Mag., XL. 50a I palled 
in with some older hands at the game. 

X893. MiLLiKBN, *ArTy Ballads, 7. 
We'll PALL OFF TO Parry. 

X893. Embrson, Sigiun" Lippo, xviL 
I PALLBD IN with a lot more boys, done a 
bit of gonoffing or anything to get some 
posh, but it got too hot, all my pals got 
nicked, and I chucked it. 

X898. Cigarette, 26 Nov., X3, x. It's 
their weddin day on Toosda^r; Married 
fifty year asto. Tnat's a tidy time to pal 
it I More than I could do, I know ! 

2. (thieves'). — 5«^qaot. 

X85X. Mayhbw, London Lab, ix. 
768. It was difficult to pall him upon 
any radcet (detect him in any pretence;. 

Palace, subs, (police). — A police- 

Palarie, tferb, (vagrants').— To 
talk : cf, PALAVER. 

X803. Embrson, Sigmor Lippo, xvi. 
Thou^ they offered me lots of money to 
blow the gaff, I felt afraid to PALARisa 
dickey for fear of being trapped. Ibid. 
She Icnew all the cant, and used to 
PALARIB thick to the slaveys. 

Palatic, adj, (theatrical). — Drunk: 
see Drinks and Scrbwbd. 

X885. The stage, ^. Sandy told me 
he last saw him dreadfully palatic. 

PALAVER, subs, (colloquial Scots'). 
— I. A fussy and ostentatious 
person : generally old palavbr. 

2. (general). — Conversation ; 
discussion : specifically idle talk, 
flattery, or cajolery : also as verb. 
Hence, PALAVBRBR=a flatterer. 
[From Voit, palavra ( = talk)].— 
Gross (1785) ; Beb (1823). 

X748. Smollbtt, Rod, Random, xlL 
None of your palavbr. 

FooTB, Mayor o/Garratt, iL 

9. Have a good caution that this Master 
Mug does not cajole you ; He is a damned 


x8a2. Douglas Jbrrold, Black EVd 
Susan, iL^ a. IVii. No palavbr ; tell it 
to the mannes. 

X838. Bayly. Spitaifields Weaver. 
Hang It I he'll see through all that palavbr 
the way you say it. 

X838. Desmond, Stage Struck, a. 
No more of your palavbr — I'll not be 
made a Jerry Sneak. 

x8§8. G. Eliot, latuts Repentance, 
XXV. I used to think there was a great 
deal of PALAVBR in her, but you may 
depend upon it there's no pretence. 

X864. Miss Wbthbrbll, Melbourne 
House, V. Come . . . don't palavbr. 

x866. Howbll's, Venetian Life, 
xxiL There hang their miffhty works for 
ever, high above the reach or any pala- 


1883. Payn, CanotCs Ward. xv. 
You have deceived him long enougn with 
palavbr, now you'll have to undeceive him 

with PALAVBR. 

X884. Smart, Post to Finish, X03. 
Have a palavbr with your father. 

1888. RuNciMAK, Chequers, X07. I 
liked to hear Jowett palavbr. 




1899. Ilbuiraied BiiSyViOcX. 14, x 
She can't get the comebither over me for 
aU her palavkr. 

Verb, I. See subs, 2, 

2. (colloquial Scots'). — To fuss. 

Pale. To leap the pale, verd. 
phr, (old colloquial). — To break 
boands ; to exceed. 

1593. Shakspbarb, Com. Errors^ xu 
X, loa But, too unraly deer, he breaks 
THB PALE And feeds from home. 

1609. Tht Man in the Moone^ sig. C. 
4. It you proceede as you have^ begune 
. . . your LEAPING THE PALE will cause 
you looke pale. 

1847. Tennyson, /'rrW«j, iL Deep, 
indeed. Their debt of thanks to her who 
first had dared To leap the rotten pales 
of prejudice. 

Paleface, subs, (American coUo- 
ouial). — A white : in poetry and 
nction, as from an Indian dialect 

i8[?l G. H. CoLTON, Tecunueh, ii. 
x8. [F]. Then shall the paleface sink to- 

1836. Cooper, Last of Mohiceuu^ 
xxxiii. The hunting grounds of the 
L«iape contained vales as pleasant, 
streams as pure, and flowers as sweet as 
the heaven of the pale>paces. 

x8[?] DuRPEE, Whatcher, IV., 
XXXV. The PALEFACED Strangers came. 

Palestine in London, subs, phr, 
(old). — See quot. and Holy 

X821. Egan, Real Lf/e^ 11. 165. 
pALEvnNE IN London, or the HoiyLamit 
includes that portion of the parish of St. 
Giles, BIoomsDury, inhabited Dy the lower 

Palette, subs, (old).— A hand : 
see Daddlb. 

Palliard, subs, (Old Cant).— i. 
Abom beggar; a tramp; primarily 
a vagabond who lies on straw. 
[From. Fr. paillard\. — Awdb- 
LEY (1567) ; Coles (1724) ; New 
Cant, Diet, (1725) ; Grose 
(1785);/^. Bal, (181 1). 

xsiy Harm AN, Caoeat (x8x4X 26. 
These Palliards be called also Clapper- 
dogea*. these go with patched clokes, and 
haue their morts with them Which they 
cal wiues. 

1608. Dekker, Belman 0/ London^ 
[GrOSART, Wks.f III. 09]. A palliard 
carryes about him (for leare of the worst) 
a Certificate . . . where this Mort and he 
were marryed, when all is but forged. 

x6xx. Middleton and Dekker, 
Roaring Girl, v. 1. And couch till a 
PALLIARD docked my dell. 

1616. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Monsieur "^omas, ii. 2. No, base 
PALLIARD, £jao remember yet. 

X687. Drvdbn, Hind and Panther, 
II. 561. Thieves, panders, palliards, 
sins of every sort. 

^.1696. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew, 8.v. 
Palliards, c. the Seaventh Rank of the 
Canting Crew, whose Fathers were Bom 
Beggers, and who themselves follow the 
Same Trade, with Sham Sores, making a 
hideous Noise, Pretending grievous Pam, 
do extort Charity. 

1707. Shirley, Triumph of Wit 
[Farmer, Musa Pedestris (X896), 35]. 
Palliards all thou didst excel 

X748. DvcHE, Diet. A cant name 
for wretched men and women, who live by 
|>«fKinKf thieving— anything but honest 
industry. The women go with one, or 
more small children, in a dirty, ragged 
condition, who cry. as though starved, the 
women making a doleful ule. Her male 
companion lies begging in fields, streets, 
&c., with cleymes or artificial sores, the 
flesh raw and shocking to the sight ; the 
impostor pretending great pain, deceives 
the compassionate, charitable, and welU 
disposed passeneers, whom, when oppor> 
tunity presents, lie can recover his limbs 
to rob, and even murder, if resisted. 

x8^ AiNswoRTH, Rookwoodf IlL V. 
Adjoiiung him was the paluard, a loath- 
some tatterdemallion, his dress one heap 
of ran, and his discoloured skin one mass 
of artindal leprosy and impos^umes. 

2. (old). — A lecher ; a woman- 
izer (^.v.). Hence palliardise 
= fornication ; and palliardy= 




15I2-X3. Douglas, Virg^l^ Prol. 96. 
41. E^hame ye not rehers and blaw on 
brede Your awtn defame ? hawand of God 
na drede, Na yit of hell, prouokand vtheris 
to syn. Ye that list of your palyardry 
neuer blyn. 

eLxssS' Lyndsay, fVorks, 76. That 
blind gat sicbt, and cruikit gat their feit ; 
The quhilk the palyard na way can 

1598. Florio, Worlde of^ Wordes^ 
sig. a 6 vo. Whose Communication is 
Atneisme, contention, detraction, or 


1604. DiGGBS, Fourt Parody \. 4. 
pALLARDiZB, Murder, Treachery, and 
"Treason are their Attendants. 

1738. Bailby, Eng. Dici.^ s.v. 
pALLiARDisE, Whoredom, Fornication. 

PALLIASSE, subs, (common). — A 
harlot : see Tart. 

PALM, verb, (old). — I. To bribe; 
TO TIP [g,v,)\ also to grease 

(ANOINT, or gild) THE PALM (or 

hand) : cf, sense. 2. Hence 
(i) AN itching palm = a hand 
ready to receive bribes : cf. the 
old superstition that money is 
about to be received if the palm 
itches; and(2) palm-oil (grease 
or SOAP, or oil of palms or 
ANGELS, q.v,) = a bribe, whence 
also = money : Fr. Aui/e and 
grcdsse (Grose, 1785) ; Mr. 
Palmer is concerned, of a 
person bribed or bribing (Vaux, 
1819). See Grease. 

r. 1 5 X 3. S KBLTON [DYCB^ Works (x 843), 

iL]. Gresb my handbs with gold. 

^.1572. Knox, Hist, of Reformation^ 
[fVorks (18^6) I. xoa.] Yea, the handis 
of our Lordis so liberallie were anoyntbd. 

150X Grbbnb, Repentancff etc. Sig 
C. My Mother pampered me . . . and 
secretly helped mee to the oyub of 
angbi-s, that I grew . . . prone to all 

1607. Shakspbarb, /mL C. iv. Let 
me tell you, Cassius, you . . . Are much 
condemned to have an itching palm. 

Z633. Massingbr. DnJke nf Milan^ 
iiL a. His stripes wash d off With oil op 

1678. Cotton, VirgH TraoesUt 
[Works (1725) 71]. She conjures, prays, 
. . . greasbs his fist. 

17 [f] [quoted in Ashton, Social 
Life in Reign 0/ Q. Anne, ii. aao]. He 
accounts them very honest Tikes, and can 
with all safety trust his Life in their 
Hands, for now and then gilding their 
PALMS for the good services they do him. 

18x9. MooRB, Tom Crib^ 8x. Oil 
OF palm's the thing^ that flowing. Sets the 
naves and felloes gomg. 

184a Lytton, Paul Clifford^ viiL 
I dare say you may ooanage to soften the 
justice's sentence by a little oil of palms. 

1854. Punchy iL z68. Oil of palms. 
— Metaphora vetuttissima. A specific 
much in vogue for rigid fingers and nomy 
fistedness ; though, strange to say, it only 
serves to augment the itch which so often 
affects the hand. 

1858. Morning Chronicle ^ xo Feb. 
It is not an unusual thing in our trade to 
palm the police. 

1879. DiCKBNS, Diet. 0/ London^ 
S.V. Sight-Sebing. The enterprising 
sight*seer who proceeds on thu pUm, and 
who understands the virtues of palm oil, 
is sure to see everything he cares to see. 

Z898. Saturdav Review^ 3 Sep., a^i 
z. It was suggested . . . that one of the 
reasons for the failure of British diplomacy 
in China was that we did not rightly 
appreciate the uses of palm oil. 

x9oa OuiDA, Massarenest 38. I 
think she'll take us up, William, . . . but 
she will want a lot of palm-grbasb. 

2. (colloquial). — To conceal in 
the palm of the hand ; to swindle ; 
to misrepresent Whence palm- 
ing (palmistry or palming- 
RACKET) = trickery (by secreting 
in the palm of the hand) : speci- 
fically shop-lifting, the thieves 
hunting in pairs, one bargaining, 
the other watching opportunities : 
see quots. 17 14 and 1755. Also 
TO PALM OFF = to b^ile ; TO 
GAMMON {g.V,) ; PALMER = a 

trickster : specifiadly at cards and 
dice. — Dyche (1748) ; Vaux 

x6oi. Bbn Jonson, Poetaster, v. 
Well said, this carribs palm with it. 




Pancake, subs, (venery).— The 
female pudendum : see Mono- 

Pan-cake Tuesday, subs, phr. 
(colloquial). — Shrove Tuesday. 
[By ancient custom pancakes are 
then eaten.] 

Pandy (or Pan die), subs, (schools' 
and nursery). A stroke from a 
cane, strap, or tawse on the palm 
of the hand by way of punish- 
ment Also (Scots) Paumib. 
[From the order in Latin ^Pande 
palmum' (or manum) = ' Hold out 
your hand.'] Also as verb = to 
cane or strap. 

1839. Scott,, RedgauntUtt L Yoa 
taught me . . . to . . . obey the stern 
order of die PatuU manum^ and endure 
my pawmies without wincing. 

1863. Kjngslby, IVattr-BabieSf 187. 
And she boxed their ears, and thumped 
them over the head with rulers, and 
PANDiBD their hands with canes. 

Panel (Par n el or Pern el), subs. 
(old). — An immodest woman ; a 
prostitute: see Tart. — Bailey 
(1728) ; Gross (1785). 

1363. Langland, p. Phwman's 
yisioHf 3313. Til Parnblls puriille be 
put in hire hucche. /bid. ajga Dame 
Pexnblb a prie^tes fyle. 

X56a Pilkington, IVorkst 56. But 
these tender pbrnels must have one gown 
for the day, another for the night. 

Z56a Becon, Praytn [Parker Soc. 
Works\ 367. ^ Prettjr Parnel [« a nick- 
name for a priest's mistress]. 

Panel-crib (-den, or -house), 
subs, phr, (common). — A brothel 
specially fitted for robbery. A 
woman picking up a stranger 
takes him to a panbl-housb, 
known also as a badgbr or 
touch-crib, or a shakbdown. 
The room has means of secret 
ingress — door frames, moveable 
ptmels, and the backs of wardrobes 
— swinging noiselttsly on oiled 

hinges. The woman engages her 
victim, an accomplice enters the 
room, rifles his pockets, and 
retires. Then, coming to the 
door he knocks, and demands 
admission. The victim hastily 
dresses, leaves bv another exit, 
and discovers tnat the whole 
thing is a plant {q,v.). Hence 


cf. Panny. For syns. see Nanny- 
shop.— Bartlett (1848) ; Far- 
MBR (1888). 

z88a. McCabb, New Varkf xxx. 
187. Many of the street walkers are in 
the regular employ of the panel-houses. 

Z885. Burton, Tkausand Nights, 
i. 393. The Panel-dodge is common 
throughout the East— a man found in the 
house of another is helpless. 

1899. J?<ryM^^,2a Jan., 8,3. Panel 
Robbwies. [Title.) 

Panjandrum (The Qreat), subs, 
phr, (common). — A village poten- 
tentate ; a Brummagem magnate. 
[From Foote*s nonsense lines, 
written to test Macklin's memory : 

d.iTjj. FooTE [QuarUrfy Review, 
xcv. 516-7]. So she went into the garden 
to cut a cabbage leaf to make an apple pie ; 
and at the same time a great she-bear, 
coming up the street, pops its head into 
the shop. "What! no soap?'* So he 
died, and she very imprudently married 
the barber ; and there were present the 
Picninnies, and the Joblillies, and the 
Garyulies, and the Grand Panjandrum 
himself, with the little round button at top, 
and they all fell to plajnng the game of 
catch as catch can, till the gunpowder ran 
out at the heel of their boots. 

1883. H. James, in Harper's Mag,, 
Lxxvii. 86. '^Well, no, not exactly a 
nobleman.' 'Well, some kind of a pan- 
lANDRUM. Hasn't he got one <^ their 

Pannicky, adj. (colloquial). — 
Given to panic 

1886. New Princeton Review, v. 
906. Our narional party conventions nave 
come to be pannicky hordes. 


'-Pt ^fWtt^WWHT 


T7 xct-i. a?«5- ^^>^:- 

jarr. *^id Cam;. — Bnad : i}<:cL 
[L*nn xwxi'l Hence p.4ji^-:m- 
3CC?tD = pnscn. at 'jf cne'i 
allcwancc ; ?Ay^T]€' ^'>rco-a3T-) 
FS?Mrx = a. street ptLSjj ccoit ; 
PA»TX-2Tar:cK = ttamng, — 
H_\JLK.^^ < 1567) ; B. E. r«r, r^i ; 
Hall (1714); CoLt* ^1724; ; 

J^« ST.V?F-Or-LXFE. 

(t59cX 5], Tbe B;^<fir . dy tine nab of ttje. 
Harmaobeck, If ve —■■Twi Paaxajc, lap. 

x6cx. MioDurro^f arwi Lhucicf'.K, 
Rtmrm£ Girl^ r. u (Favmkit, /I/k«4S /V' 
<^kj/rtf (i39^ loj, A sage of fcen RiMTw 
bcMHB. . . . U bcaw tbfto ft CiMtar, PccJc, 
rs3n(AM, bp, or popl«r. 


or .'ik^i^; 

i C'Ki Ljnt . — A 
luciic JT jincs^visc : also apBt- 

JDU :!: A TiiiJiic-auix^se used bv 

saaJ i\n 

ar 'cw 

<rwedznc>«Oeu. Jr ^rpsev 

rfBT. Fvi.,.x, .4«gc: rrTmrf, xiy He 
aims- -o^Ieti a£ aer *;iA>T aov w uhot 

3. <!i^e^e*"»^ — A bingiaiy : 

also PA>>Y-L-AY. H«nCC. PANVY- 

VAX = i hv>tt><;en»akei ; TO DO A 
PA>>Y = :o rvb a hoose. — 
Gross (17S5) ; Snowden (1857). 

123a. Ltttox. Fmmi CUJ^wrd^ u. 
Ranting Ri3b, poor fieOow, w i^Scd fior 


£.1833. Reynoujs, Pickmi€k Ahr^md 
[FAKMOt^ Mmsm, Ptdairit (189^ i»J. 
The reslus caae Wbcnevcr a pakkik 
was done. 





one's pantablbs, verb, phr. 
(old colloquial). — To stand upon 
dignity ; to assert one's position. 
[Pantables = pantoufle = slip- 

zsSa Sakbr, NarboHus^ IL 99. Hee 


gardeth greatly his reputation. 

1647. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Faithful Friend, ilL 2. Then comes a 
page: the saucy jacket-wearer Stood 
ufon's pantables with me, and would 
in: But, I think I took him down ere I 
had done with him. 

I7^4. Cotton, H^orJks, 85. Is now, 
forsootn, so proud, what elsel And 
stands so on her pantables. 

Pantagru ELIAN, Jtt^j. (literary). — 
An artist in life. [From Pan- 
tagruel, the title character of 

Panter,x<^j. (01d(3ant).— I. The 
hart [Because said (in Psalms) 
to pant after the fresh water 
brooks].— B. E. (^.1696) ; Grose 


2. (common). — The heart. 
Also, in //. = the paps. Fr. 
le Saint'Cibotre ; U oattant ( = 
the beater) ; la fressure (= the 
pluck or fry) ; U palpitant. It. 
la salsa ( = sauce). 

£.1735. Old .Smi^ [Farmer, Mtua Pe- 
desiris (1896), 44]. Didst thou know, mv 
dear doxr, out half of the smart Which 
has seized on my panter, since thou didst 

Pants, subs, (vuk;ar). — Short for 
' pantaloons.* Also panteys, 
and (colloquial) pantalettes 
[= a school-girl's breeches]. 

187a White, Words and thtir 
UseSf an. Gent and pants— Let these 
words go together like the things they 
signify. The one alwajrs wears the other. 

1847. Porter, Big^ Bear^ 104. If I 
hadn't a had on pantalets I reckon 
somebody would of knowd whether I 
gartered above my knees or not 

1848. Burton, Waggtrits, 95. I've 
a colt's revolver in each pantby's pocket 

1 85 1. Wendell Holmes, Poems ^ 817. 
The thing named pants in certain docu- 
ments, A word not made for gentlemen, 
but gents. 

185a. Wbtherell, Queefut. Miss 
Letitia Ann Thornton, a tiul grown girl in 


1853. Whyte Melville, Digby 
Grandf xx. WonderfuIIy-fittingoontinua- 
tions, PANTS he calls them. 

1878. Yates [World, z6 Jan. J. 
Sterry, the pet of pantalettes, the 
laureate of frifls. 

1883. ChKMENS, Li/k OM Mississippi, 
xxxviii. The young ladies, as children, in 
slippers and scalloped pantelbttrs. 

Pantile subs, (common). — i. A 

2. (schoolboys'). — A flat cake 
covered with jam. 

3. (nautical). — A biscuit. 

Adj. (old colloquial). — Dis- 
senting. [See Pantilbr.] 

T 7 z ^ Centlivre, Gotham EUction, 
sc ii. Mr. Tickup's a good churchman, 
mark that ! He is none of your hellish 
pantile crew. 

Pantiler, subs, (common). — A 
Dissenter — minister or layman : 
see Devil-dodger. Hence Pan- 
tile, adj, {g,v,), and Pantile- 
shop (j^quot. 1785). 

1785. Grose, Vulg, Tongue, s.v. 
Pantile-shop. A presbyterian. or other 
dissenting meeting house, frequently 
covered with pantiles : called also a 

1856. Mayhew, World of London, 
249. The officers used to designate the ex- 
traordinary religious convicts as pan- 

186^. Knight, Pass, qf a Working 
Life (1073), L 317. This vulgar term of 
opprobrium for sectaries in the palmy days 
ot ^ Church and King' was Pantilers. 

Pantler, subs, (literary: perhaps 
obsolete). — A butler ; a pantry- 
man.— B. £. (^.1696); Grose 




XS08. Shakspbarb. a Henry u. 4. 
A good shallow voung fellow ; be would 
have made a good PAMTUui, he would have 
chipped bread welL 

1604. Shakspbare, WinUr^s Tale^ 
IV. 4. My old wife . . . was both pant> 
L£R, butler, cook; Both dame and servant ; 
welcom'd all ; serv'd alL 

1605. Mis. of Inf. Marr. [Dodsley, 
Old Plays (Rbed), v. afi.] A rogue that 
hath fed upon me — like puUen from a 
pantlbr's chippings. 

1656. Bromb, Jovial Crew [Dods> 
LBV, Old Plays (Rekd\ x. 3^8]. But I 
will presently take order with the cook. 
PANTLER, and butler, for my wonted 
allowance to the poor. 

PANUPETA8T0N suds, (obsolete, 
University). — A loose overcoat 
with wide sleeves. 

Pap, su6s, (common). — i. The 
emoluments of office — ^salaries, 
fees, perquisites. 

z88ok Nettum^ xlviiL 379. At the 
end of four yearsj not only should an officer 
make an accountmg and submit to an audit, 
but should vacate his place, so that some- 
body else might get some of the pap he 
had enjojred during this period. 

2. (thieves'). — Paper: specifi- 
cally paper money, or soft Ig.v. ) 

1877. HoRSLBV, fottings from faiL 
Come on, we have had a lucky toudi for 
half-a-centory in pap. 

3. (literary : perhaps obsolete). 
— (fl) A nipple ; [Jb) a breast. 

z^9a Mandevillr, Trax>els. 154. 
Zif it be a female, thei don away that on 
Pappb, with an bote Hiren ; and zif it be 
a Womman of gret Lyna^e, thei don awey 
the left Pappb. that thei may the better 
beren a Scheeld. 

1593. Shakspbarb, Mid. Nights 
Dream, v. x. ^o^ Ay, that left pap. 
Where heart doth nop. 

1594. LvNDSAV, Squyer Meldrum 
[E. RT.S. 9^51- Hir Pappis wer hard, 
round, and qunyte, Quhome to behald wes 
greit delyte. 

1603. Chapman, Homer^ ' Iliad,' iv. 
He strooke him at his breastes right pappe. 
Quite through bis shoulder bone. 

i6z2. Dratton, Polyo&hn. L 
Nourish 'd and bred i^> at her most plente- 
ous Pap. 

4. (American).— Father : Pop 


2892. GuNTER, Miss DrvifUndSf iiL 
Your PAP has had too much railroad and 
mine on his hands. 

5 (old). — Bread saace. — Grose 


CHET, verb, phr, (old). — To 
chastise ; to do an unkindness, or 
treat unhandsomely. 

1589. Nash, Pa^ with a Hatchet 

1594. Shakspbarb, a Henry K/., 
iv. 7. Ye shall have a hempen caudle 
then, and the pap [now read A«^] op a 

.... Disc. 0/ Marr. [HarL MS. 
(Park), ii. 171]. He that so old seeks for 
a nurse so voung, shall have pap with a 
hatchet K>r his comfort. 

1622^. Lyly, Court Comedy t Z. zab. 
They give us {Mip with a spoone before 
we can speake, and when we speake for 
that wee love, pap with a hatchet. 

Mouth full of pap, phr. 
(old).— Still childish. — Grose 


Pa PAW, subs. (American). A bush- 
whacker. [Century : with refer- 
ence to possible subsistence on 
the fruit]. 

PAPER, subs, (theatrical). — i. Free 
passes of admission to a place of 
entertainment ; also (collectively) 
recipients of such passes ; also 
Oxford clink and station- 
ery. Hence, PAPERY = occupied 
by persons admitted with free 
tickets ; and, as z'^r^ = to issue 
free passes. Fr. une salie de 
papier = a house filled with 

187CX Mrs. John Wood [Pu^aro, 15 
July J. I have abolished the free order 
system from a firm belief that the best sort 
of PAPKR for a theatre is Bank of England 




x677* Mathkr, Ntw EnrUmdiciilb^ 
197. To make the English believe those 
base Papooses were of royal Progeny. 

X683. Roger Williams [Baktlett]. 
Papoose . . . among the native Indians 
of New England, a babe or young child. 

i8[?]. Dow, Strmotu [Bartlbtt] 
Where the Indian squaw hung her young 
PAPPOOSB upon the Dough, and left it to 
squall at the hush^a^by of the blast, the 
Anglo-Saxon mother now rocks the aradle 
of her ddicate babe. 

Par, subs, (old colloquial : now 
recognised). — i. 5!tf* quot. 

C.Z696. B. E. Diet, Cant. Crew, s.v. 
Par, gold and silver at a like Proportion. 

2. (colloqoial). — An abbrevia' 
lion of * paragraph.' 

1885. Sat. Review, 7 Feb., 163. It 
is natural that the reporter should want 
news. Pars are as much his quarry as 
dynamiters are that of the police. 

1891. Morning Advertiser, 38 Mar. 
I cannot give the wording of the par, but 
here is a uuthful digest or it. 

Parade, To burn the parade, 
verb. phr. (old). — See quot 

1785. Grose, Vuig. Totuue, s.v. 
Warning more men for a guard than were 
necessary, and excusing the supemume- 
raries for money. ... A practice formerly 
winked at in most garrisons, a perquisite 
to the adjutants and sergeant majors ; the 
pretence for it was to purchase coal and 
candle for the guard, whence it was called 


Parader, Jtt^j. (old).— I. Aperson 
of good figure and address em- 
ployed to walk up and down in 
front of, or inside a shop ; a shop- 
walker: cf. Barker. Hence 
(2) a person or thing that by 
challenging attention acts as a 
foil or set-off. 

1748. Richardson, Ciarissa, u. 3. 
What think you ... of rejecting boto 
yoox men and encouraging my parader. 

1 8a I. Eg AN. A nee. of Turf, 179. 
His fine figure obtained him employment 
as a parader to Richardaoo. 


Paradise, subs, (popalar).— i. The 
gallery of a theatre ; THE GODS 
(^.».). Fr. leparadis. 

2. (University). — A grove of 
trees oatside St. John's College, 

3. (venery). — The female pu- 
cUndum: cf, the way to 
HEAVEN : see Monosyllablr. 

<£i638. Carew, a Rapture, 50. So 
will I rifle all the sweets that dwell In thy 
delicious Paradise. 

1640. Herrick, Disc, ^ a Woman, 
This loue-guarded parradicb. 

c. 1607. Aphra Bbhn, Poems (and ed.), 
70. Hijt daring Hand that Altar seiz'd. 
Where Gods 01 Love do Sacrifice : That 
Awful Throne, the Paradise. 

Fool's Paradise, subs, phr, 
(colloquial). — A state of landed 
security, enjoyment, &c. 

i5a8. Roy, Rede Me, dr^. [Oli- 
PHANT, New Eng., L 446]. A folbs 


iS9i« Shakspeare. Romeo and 
Juliet, ii. 4. If ye should lead her bto a 
fool's paradise. a« they say, it were a 
very gross kind ot behaviour. 

1607. Dekker, Westward HoOf v. 
X. Since we ha' brought 'em thus (ar into 
a fool's paradise, leave 'em in'L 

i733> Bailbv, Erasmus ColL (zooo), 
IX. 17^. The designing courtier had beoi 
for a long time kept in Fool's Paradise. 

x8o6. CoTSFORD Dick, Ways of 
World, ao.^ So she dreamt of a Paradise 
(fool so fair I) Whose glories she now is 
allowed to share. 

1898. Braddon, Rourh Justice, aa. 
She had exchanged a wretched wandering 
Life with her father for a fool's paradise 
at the West End of London. 

To HAVE (or GET) a penn'orth 
OF PARADISE, verb, phr, (com- 
mon). — To take drink, esp. gin : 
see Screwed. 

Paralysed, sttbs, (common). — 
Drunk : su Drinks and 




Paralytic-pit (or -stroke), subs, 
pkr, (tailors*).--A badly fittii^ 
garment — that 'fits where it 

Param, stihs. (Old Cant).— Milk: 
also Varum.— HAllBdAN (i573)» 

Parcel, subs, (racing). — The 
da/s winnings ; a pocket-book. 

1898. Pink *Un and Ptlican^ aay. 
Here it was that Exile Na t made the 
ndnful diacovery that he'd lost his parcbu 
His pocket-book and all it contained had 

190X. sporting TimtSj 6 Ap., i, 3. 
No less than four winners did the wily one 
back. " My word !" he cried, *\I shall 
have a pretty little parcsl in my kick.** 

Parcel-bawd, subs. pkr. (old). — 
One whose employment was 
paitly that of bawd. [Parcel = 
part : as ' parcel-gilt * = partly gilt.] 

1603. Shakspbarr, Metu./orMeas.^ 
I a. A tapster, sir 1 parcbl-bawd ; one 
that serves a t»d woman. 

Pard, subs, (chiefly American). — 
A partner ; a chum (/.v ). 

1872. Clsmens, Roughing It^ iL He 
was the bulliest man in the mountains, 


1883. McCabe, New York^ xxiii. 
398. Let's have a shake-down for me and 
my PARO, for the night. 

T889. Mod. Society^ 19 Oct., 1296. 
We ^ot such a strain, me and my pard, 
startmg the car, that we ought to have 
been entitled to a lay-oflf for a wbek. 

Parenthesis, subs, (printers').— 
In pi. = a pair of bandy legs. 

Wooden parenthesis, subs, 
phr. (old).— A pillory.— Grose 


Iron parenthesis, subs. phr. 
(old). — A prison : see Cage and 
Stir.— Grose (1785). 

To HAVE one's nose (or 
bowsprit)in parenthesis, verb, 
phr. (old). — To have it pulled. — 
Grose (1785). Also see quot. 

Z823. Bbb, Did. Tuff, S.V. Parkn- 
THBSLs(a)— it is this things itself (); and 
when a man's nose, or any prominent part 
of him, may ^t irrevocably between the 
thing — ^he is m a bad way : some few 
novices have died of it. 

Parings, subs. (Old Cant).— 
Clippings of money. — B. E. 
{c. 1696). 

Parish. His stockings belong 

TO TU'O PARISHES, /Ar. (old).— 

Odd ; mis-paired. — Grose(i785). 

Parish-bull(-priq, or -stallion), 
subs. phr. (thieves'). — i. A par- 
son : see Devil-dodger. — Grose 
(1785). Also (2) see Mutton- 

Parish- lantern, subs. phr. (old). 
— ^The moon; Oliver {jg.v.)\ 
NOOM {q.v.). Ft. synonyms are 
la cafarde ( = the tell-tale) ; la 
cymbale ; la Imsanle (or luisarde) ; 
la grosse lentille ; la moucharde ; 
lapdlote ; and U pair. 

1847. Halliwbll, Arch. Words^ 8.v. 

1887. J. AsHTON, EigkUenth Ceni. 
IVatySt 335 note. The link-boy's natural 
hatred of the parish lantbrm which 
would deprive him of his livelihood. 

Parish-soldier, subs. phr. (old). 
— See quot. and MuDCRUSHER. 

1785. Grose, Kfr4r> Tongue ^ s.v. 
Parish soldier. A jeering name for a 
militia-man : from substitutes being fre- 
quently hired by the Parish. 

Park, subs, (common). — i. A pris- 
on : see Cage and Stir. Also 
as in quot. 1823. 

1823. Bbb, Diet. Tut/^ s.v. Park. 
. . . The PARK is also the rules or privi- 
leged circuit round the king's bench or 
fleet 'The park is well stocked,' when 
many prisoners have obtained the rules. 

1847. Halliwbll, Arch. IVords^ s.v. 

2. (common). — A back yzxd. ; 
a strip of tovm-garden. 




Parker, verb, (tramps').— 5^ quot. 

1893. Emerson, Sirncr Li^^ xiv. 
Have you r arkered to toe omer for your 
lettiesT Ibid, I get no regular parker> 
iNG-ninty. Ibid. xx. She had to parker 
letty every darkie, and parker for some- 
one to looK arter me. 

Parkey (or Parky), adj. and adv. 
(tramps'). — Cold; uncomfortable : 
as when sleeping in the open. 

z8q8. Pink *Un and Pelican^ 373. 
' Mommg, William ; cold s'moming?' re* 
marked tne victualler patronisingly. 'It 
is a bit PARKY,' assented William. 


phr. (common). — i. The teeth: 
5u Grinders.— Grose (1785). 

2. (common). — The neck of 

Parleyvoo, sub. (school). — ^The 
conventional school study and 
use of the French language : 
hence, as verb = to speak 
French ; to talk gibberish. 

1837. Barham, Ingoldsby Legends^ 
' Bagman's Dog. ' Grimacing and what 
sailors call parleyvooing. 

1843. Macaulay, St. Dennis and 
St. Gtorg*. He kept six French masters 
to teach nim parleyvoo. 

</.i89i. Lowell, Oracle of the Gold- 
fishes. No words to spell, no sums to do, 
No Nepos and no parlyvoo. 

Parliamentary- PR E88, subs, phr, 
(tailors'). — See quot. 

1889. Slangy J argon^ and Cant. s.v. 
Parliamentary press . . an old cus- 
tom of claiming any iron, which happens 
to be in use, for the purpose of opening the 
collar seam. 

PARLOUR (or Front Parlour, 
subs. phr. (venery). — The female 
pudendum : see Monosyllable. 

1823. Bee, Diet. Turf, s.v. Par- 
lour — may be a room as well as some other ' 
thing. Mrs. Fubb's front parlour is no 
part of anY building . . . she who is said 
to let out her parlour and lie backward, 
cannot be supposed to repose with her face 

Out of thb parlor into 
THE KITCHEN, phr. (old). — From 
better to worse ; * out of (jod's 
blessing into the warm sun.' 

1598. Florio, Worlde of IVordes, 
S.V. Da baiante afitrrante . . . OUT of 


Parlour full of razors, 
subs, phr, (American). — Claret 
with seltzer or lemonade : see 

Pa r LOU R - J u M PI N Q, subs. phr. 
(thieves'). — Robbing rooms : spe- 
cifically by window-entry: see 

187^ Autobiography of a Thif/ 
[Macmtllan's Mag. xl. 50a] I palled m 
with some older hands at the game, who 
used to take me parlour-jumping. 

Parnel. See Panel. 

Parnee (or Paunee), subs, (thea- 
trical).— Rain. Dowry of par- 
NEY = plenty of rain. Pawn be- 
came = water-drinking. [Hindoo 
/aiff = water: cf. Brandy-paw- 
nee; Gipsy pane.] 

T85X. MavheWj London Lab., iiL 
149. Parni is ram [among strolling 

1893. Emerson, Signar Lippo, xiv. 
Arter a bit the old man gets him a berth 
... So he sticks to the pawnee gams 
. . . long enough to learn the graft. 

Parrot (or Parroteer), subs. 
(colloquial). — A talkative person, 
esp. one given to mechanical re- 
petition. Whence, as verb = io 
chatter ; to repeat mechanically. 
Also Parrotry = servile imita- 
tion ; Parrot- LAWYER = a soli- 
citor obsequious to a client's Yea 
and Nay. 

x6i2. Chapman, Widerofs Tears, v. 
5. If you parrot to me long — go to. 

i6[?). T. Adams, Works, l x6. 
They have their bandogs, corrupt solicitors. 
PARROT LAWYERS that are their properties 
and mere trunks. 




dliSsa Db Quincbv, SiyU, iti. Pas- 
sages or great musical cAect . . . vulgar- 
ised by too perpetual a parkotinc 

18 [TJ. Hall, Foist PkiloL 31. The 
verb experience is, to Mr. White, parrot- 
ing Dean Alford, altogether objectionable. 

1873. Mill, AutMog:, iz. 
lOTBSRS of what they luiveTea 

See Almond. 




Parsley, suds, (venery). — The 
pubic hair : see Flbscb. Hence 
PARSLBY-BBD = the fexaale puden- 
dum : see Monosyllablb ; to 


PARSLBY=to copulate. 

J707. Old Song [Farmer, Merry 
Songs and Ballads (1897), x S. in. 131]. It 
was sud, that one Mr. Ed — mond, Did 
both dig and sow in her Parsly-bkd. 

1719. Ward, London S/y, l 36. I 
am verv glad it's no worse ; 1 was never 
so scarVd since I pop'd out of the parslbv 


1851. JIToies and QntrieSt z, S. vi. 
517. 1 was told that little girls came out 
of a PARSLEY-BBD, and little boys from 
under' a gooseberry bush. Ibid. 5 S. iiL 
(1875) ' Babies in Folk-lore.' In England 
ewtry little girl knows that the male uibies 
oome from tne nbttlb-bbd, and the female 
ones from the parsley-bed. 

Parson, subs, (old). — A wayside 
SIGN-POST (^.».).— Grosb (1785). 

Verb, (colloquial). — I. To 
marry ; and (2) to church (after 
child-delivery). Whence par- 
SONBD = married or churched ; 


and legally married. 

To KISS THB parson's WIFB, 

verb, phr. (old). — To be lucky in 
horse-flesh. — Gross (1785). 

Rembmbbr Parson Mallum I 
intj, phr. (old).— * Pray drink 
about Sir.'— B. E. (1696). 

Maryland parson, subs. phr. 
(American). — A disreputable 

PAR8ON Palmer, subs, phr. (old). 
— See quot 

Z785. Gross, Vulg, Tongut^ 8.v. 
Parson Palmer. One who stops the 
circulation of the g[lass, by preaching over 
his liquor^ as it is said was done by a 
parson of^ that name whose cellar was 
under his pulpit. 

Parson's Barn, subs. phr. (old). 
— A bam never so full but there 
is room for more. 

Parson*s-journeyman, subs, phr. 
(common). — ^A curate. — Grosb 


Parson's- NOSE, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — A chicken's rump : cf, 
Popb's nosb and Popb's-byb : 
Fr. le bonnet {TMque. 

Parson's Lbman. See Tbn- 


Parson's Week, subs. phr. (cleri- 
cal). — The period from Monday 
to Saturday. 

1800. Price, Lift o/H, F. Carty^ L 
144. Get my duty done for a Sunday, so 
that I may be out a Parson's wbxk. 

Part, verb, (colloquial). — To pay ; 
to restore ; to give : hence par- 
TBR = a paymaster, good or bad. 
Cf. 'a fool smd his money are 
soon parted ' (Tusser, 1573, and 
Howell, 1617). 

z67a Old Ballad^ 'Seaman's Adieu.' 
Some . . . Have parted with their ready 

188a Sims, Thret Brass Balls^ xix. 
The top floOT rarely parted before Mem- 
day morning. 

z888. RuNaMAN, Chequers^ 106. If 
I could get the mater to part. 

z8o3. Ally Slopor^ 2 April. zo7, 3. 
'Hand over the other tenner.' Miss 
Mudge PARTED cheerfully. 

1896. FARraEON| Betray. John Ford- 
hantt III. a8z. But it was no go ; them as 
gathered rooad wouldn't part. 




Paste, subs, (printers*). — Brains. 
[From * paste-and -scissors ': in 

Verb, (common). — To beat ; 
to thrash : specifically to slap the 
face right and left. [From bill- 
sticking]. Hence pasting = a 

185Z. Mayhbw, London Lab.^i, 461. 
He . . . gave me a regular pasting. 

1882. Dailv TtUgraph^ 6 Oct. 2, 3. 
No matter how he punches her and pastes 
her, she won't give in about that. 

X887. Henley, VUUmCs Good Night, 
Paste 'em, and larrup 'em, and lamm I 
Give Kennedy, and make 'em crawl ! 

z888. sport, Life^ 11 Dec. Set to 
work in earnest, and, driving his man round 
the ring, pasted him in rare style. 

1896. CsANB, Mofgit, iiL I'll paste 
yeh when I ketch yeh 1 

PA8TE-AND-8CI880R8, Subs, phr, 

(journalistic). — Extracts ; * pad- 
ding * : as distinguished from 
original matter. 

PA8TEBOARD, subs, (common). — i. 
A playing card. 

X857. Thackeray, Virginianxt xy. 
The company voted . . . thrM honours in 
their hand, and some good court cards, 
more beautiful than the loveliest scene of 
nature ; . . . hour after hour delightfully 
spent over the pasteboard. 

1896. Farjeon, BetraytU of John 
FordhatHy iii. 277. I might 'ave done 
v^ell among the swells, I'm that neat with 
the pasteboards. I can shuffle 'em any 
way I want, kings at top, aces at bottom, 
in the middle, anywhere you like. 

2. (common). — A visiting card. 
Also as verb (or TO SHOOT, or 
DROP, one's pasteboard) = tO 

leave a visiting card at a person's 


1849. Thackeray, i'^iM^WuMT, xxxvL 
We shall only have to leave our paste- 

z86i. HoGHBS, Tom Brown at 
Oxford, XXV. I shall just leave a paste- 

1886. Kennaxd, Bronm Hmbit, x. 
I told my missus to drop a card on you 
to-day. You see ... we hunting men 
have not much time for that sort of UuBg ; 
and pasteboard leaving is quite out of 
my line. 

1891. Ally Sloper, 3 Jan. Then his 
pasteboard he proented — pu£fed a 
cigarette, contented. 

z8^. Mitford, Romanco Cape 
Frontier, ii. 'Engaged,' said the sharp 
boy. . . . ' Take that pasteboard in.' 

PA8TEB0ARD-CU8T0MER, subs,phr, 

(trade). — A customer taking long 

PA8TE-H0RN, subs, (shoemakers'). 
— The nose : su Conk : hence 
Old Paste-horn = a large- 
nosed man. 

1856. Mayhew, World qf London, 
6, note. Upon this principle the mouth 
has come to be st^ed tne ' tater-trap * ; . . . 
the nose, the paste-horn. 

PA8TERN, subs, (common). — In//. 
= the feet : su Creepers. 
Hence, full in the pasterns 
= thick-ancled. 

1700. Dryden, Wife qf Both* t Tale, 
32. So straight she walked on her 

PA8TY, subs, (common). — ^A book- 

Adj, (colloquial). — Out of 
sorts ; angry ; off colour {q,v,), 

1885. Dailv Telegraph, 25 Aug. A 
mealy-faced, at least a pasty-faced ooy. 

1891. Newman, Scamping Tricks, 
9. 1 feel PASTY, but am better now. 

i8q2. Milliken, 'Arry Ballads, 65. 
Miss Bonsor went pasty, and reared. 

Pat, subs, (common). — An Irish- 
man. Also Patlander. 

^ X828. Bkk, Pictttre of London, 170. 
Mild rebuke b little calculated to cool a 

1836. Scott, Tom CringU, The 
omcer was a Patlandbr. 


14s Patent-digester. 

Adj. and adv. (old: now 
reooenised). — Apt, convenient, 
suitable ; timely ; exactly to the 
purpose.— B. E. (<r.i696) ; Grose 


X593. Shakspbaxs, Mid. Nights 
Dream^ v. x. It will be full pat as ftold 

z6ia. Bbaumont and Flbtcher, 
Coxcotmb^ iiL 2. This falls out pat. 

X678. Butler, Hudibrat^ iil iiL I 
thank yon, ... 'tis to my purpose pat. 

18:^8. Comic Almanack^ xyj, "Us a 
matter, I know, that you're pat in. 

iSfo. Blackmorb, L<fma Doone^ 
IviL You are very pat with my grand- 
daughter's name, young man. 

1895. Marriott- Watson \Jtfew Re^ 
vftfcv, 16 July]. A . . . brave bold tongue 
yoo ply . . . You have it all pat. 

Patch, subs, (old colloquial). — 
I. A saucv fellow ; a fool. 
Primarily, the domestic jester. 
Hence cross-patch = an ill- 
natured fool : as in the children's 
rhyme : — Cross-patch, draw the 
latch, Sit by the fire and spin. 

1579. LvLY, Eitpkuest Bngiandy 306. 
When I heard mv Physition so pat to nit 
my disease I could not dissemble with him. 

X588. MarprtlaUs Epistle (Arbrr), 
3. midges was a verie patch and a dims 
when he was in Cambridg. 

1593. Shakspbarb, Mids. Nights 
Drtam^ iiL a. A crew of patches . . . 
That work lox bread upon Athenian stalls. 

1595. Menetchmi^KL,'LV>i'KLL\. Why 
doating patch, didst thou not come with 
me . . . firom the ship? 

Z598. Florio, Worlds of Wordss. 
CciicotUt a great gull, sot, patch, lubbar. 

1619. Flbtchbr, IVildGoossChass. 
iv. 2. Call me patch and puppy, Ana 
beat me if you please. 

1633. Massinger, Old DebtSt v. 
The ideot, the patch, the slave, the 

183a Scott, Doom 0/ Dsvorgoil^ iL 
I. TlKm art a foolish patch. 

x84a Cunningham [Glossarial In- 
dex to Gifpord's Massingsr. s.v.]. 
Patch was the cant name or a tool kept 
by Cardinal Wolsey . . . transmitting his 
appellation to a very numerous body of 

2. (venery). — ^The female pu- 
dendum : see MONOSYLLABLE. 

Not a patch upon, phr. 
(common). — Not to compare to. 

x86i. Reads, Cloistsr and Hearth^ 
xxxviL Not a patch upon you for looks. 

X884. Russell, Jacks Courtship, 
xviL Is Wellington a patch upon the 
living splendid generals? 

1888. Boldrewood, Robbery under 
Arms, xxviii. There isn't a woman here 
that's a PATCH ON her for looks. 

X807. MiTPORD, Romastee Cape 
Frontier, i. xv. I don't think she's a 
PATCH ON Miss Brathwaite ; but there's 
something awfully fetching about her. 

Patch EY, subs, (theatrical).— The 
harlequin; spanglb-makbr {q.v.) 

Pate, subs, (old colloc^uial). — The 
heaid : almost always m derision : 
see Crumpet. — Gross (1785). 

x6oi. Shakspearb, Winter's Tale, 
i. a. Was this taken By any understand* 
ing PATE but thine? 

x6a3. Fletcher, Sp. Curate, iiL a. 
She gave my pate a sound knock that it 
rings yet 

1825. Jones, True-Bottom'd Boxer 
[Uniu. Songst. n, ^\ Shaking a flipper, 
and milling a pate. 

X836. Barham, Ingoldsfy Legends, 
I. ^. The thin erey locks of his failing 
hair Have left his little bald PATsall bare. 

Patent-coat, subs. phr. (obsolete). 
— Su quot. 

X857. Snowdbn, Mag. Assist 446. 
Inside skirt coat pocket — Patent Coat. 

PATENT- DIQE8TER, Subs. (common). 
— See quot) 

X836. Dickens. Piekwich, xxxviii. 
Ben . . . bring out the patent digester. 

Mr. Ber*---- *" ""• -■ 

doced . 

Mr. Benjamin Allen smiled . . . and pro- 
duced ... a bhu:k bottle half full of 




1864. Derby Day. 1^5. She had 
finished the pattkr soe had learnt by 

Z877. Fioe Yemr^ Ptnal ServihuUt 
il 344. Well she could do the French's 
PATTER, as she'd been there afore, when 
she was living on the ' square.' 

s88a Sims, Three Brass BaUs^icm, 
It is thieves' pattbR| but someone in the 
crowd understands it well enough and 
answers him. 

1883. Daily yews, 36 March, 3, 4. 
A PATTRR song . . . was twice rede- 

1889. Answers, xi May, ^74. Bm- 
gars who cannot roul are bewg taught 
n3rmns or doleful songs, pattbr as it is 
called professionally. 

1891. Nbwman, Scamping Tricks, 
61. ^y me and 111 patter pretty ; bat 
no pay, no pattbk is my motta 

1897. Sporting Times, i;) Mar., i, 3. 
She dia it m a sort of " it's of no conse- 
quence** way that fairly amazed the 
learned counsel who was pattering on 
her behalf. 

2. Verb, (common). — I. See 
subs, 2, (Aastralian). — To eat. 

18^3. C Sturt. Soutkem Aus- 
iraiia, n., vtL 393. He himself did not 
PATTER any of iL 

i88z. Grant, Busk Life, i. 336. 
'You PATTBR potehunL' 'Yoihi,' said 
John, doubtful . . . how hb stomach will 
agree with the strange meat. 

Patteran, subs, (vagrants'). — See 

1864. Hottbn, Slang Diet,, s.v. 
JPatteran, a gipsy trail, made by throw, 
ing down a handJTul of grass. 

1877. Bbsant and Rice, Son of 
Vmlcan, i. xL Maybe it's the gipsy's 
patteran they mean. 

Patter-cove. See Patrico. 

Patter-crib, su6s, (thieves').— A 
lodging-honse or inn frequented 
by thieves ; aFLASH-PANNY(^.z;.). 

Paul. To go to Paul's (or 
Westminster) for a wife, 
verb, pkr, (old colloquial). —To 
go whoring : to molrow {a, v.), 
[Halliwell: Old St. Paul's 
was in former times a favorite 
resort for purposes of business, 
amusement, lounging, or assigna- 
tions ; bills were fixed up there, 
servants hired, and a variety of 
matters performed wholly incon- 
sistent with the sacred nature of 
the edifice.] Hence Paul's- 
WALKERS = loungers ; as well- 
known AS Paul's = notorious. 

xto8. Shakspearb, / Henry IV., iL 
4« This oily rascal is icnown as well as 

X598. Shakspearb, a Henry IV., L 
a, 58. I bought him in Paul's, and he'll 
buy me a horse in Smithfield : an 1 could 
get me but a wife in the stews, I were 
manned, horsed, and wived. 

167a Ray, Prooerbs, 254. Who 
oes to Westminster for a wife, to St. 
*aul's for a man, and to Smithfield for a 

horse, may meet with a whore, a knave, 

and a jade. 

1807. MosER, European Magaaine, 
July. The young gallants . . . used to 
meet at the central point, St Paul's ; and 
from this circumstance obtained the 
appellation of Paul's walkers, as we now 
say Bond Street Loungers, 

^If^ also Old; Peter; Pigeon. 

Paul Pry, subs, phr, (colloquial). 
— An inquisitive man. fProm 
Poole's comedy.] 

x8as. Poole, Paul Pry [Title]. 

X864. Sala, Quite Alone, \, I asked 
him one day who she was, and he called 
me Paul Pry. 

190X. Referee. 7 April, i. x. No one 
except, perhaps, the Paul Pry's of the 
press . . . desire to publish what is of 
private concern only. 

Paunch, verb, (old colloquial). — 
To eat. 

156^ Uoal, Erasmus, 38a. Now 
ye see him fed, paunched as lions are. 





x6ia. Pass, of Bttmenuto [Narks]. 
If ^u did bul see . . . how negligent he 
is in my profit, and in what sort he useth 
to glut and panchb himself. 

To JOIN PAUNCHES, verb, phr, 
(venery). — To copulate ; TO JOIN 
GiBLBTS {q,v,) \ see Grbbns and 

1656. Muses Rscr, [Hottbn], 48. 
My Father and Mother when first they 
join'd paunches. 

PAUNCH-QUT8, subs. thr, (com- 
mon). — A fat-bellied man; a 
jELLY-BBLLY (g.».) : See Forty- 

Pav, subs. (London).— The Pavilion 
Music Hall : cf. Met. 

Paved. To have one's mouth 
PAVED, verb, phr, (old).— To be 
hard of mouth. 

1708- la SwiFTf Paii^CMpersatiatu, 
i. How can yon rirink your Tea so hotf 
Sure your mouth's pav'd. 

Pavement. See Nymph. 

Pavior's-workshop, subs, phr. 
(old). — The street. — Grose 


Paw, subs, (common). — The hand : 
su Bunch of Fives and 
Daddle. Hence Forepaw = 
the hand ; hind-paw = the foot ; 
PAW-CASES = gloves; and as 
verb = to handle roughly or 
obscenely. — B. E. (r. 1696) ; 
Dyche (1748) ; Grose (1785). 

1605. Chapman, All Pools^ iL I 
. . . laid these paws Close on his 
shoulders, tumbling him to earth. 

<^x637. JoNSON (attributed to) [Far- 
mer, Merry Sonrs and Ballads (1807), 
iii. 13]. Tnen with his pa we . . . bee 
puld to a pye of a traitor's mumbles. 

d.tfot, Dryden [Centuryi, Be civil 
to the wretch imploring Apd lay your 
PAWS upon htm without roaring. 

1753. FooTB, EugUshmoH m Paris, 
I Howdo'stjoldbudc, hey? Give's thy 

X836. Scott, Cruise of Midge, 137. 
He held out him's large paw. 

x84a Thackeray, Pttris Sketch 
Book, Z07. The iron squeeze with which 
he shook my passive paw. 

1848. RuxTON, Far West, 164. Ho, 
Bill ! . . . not gone under yet ? . . . Give 
us your paw. 

Z891. Sporting lAfe, \ Ap. In less 
than a minute he held out his paw, to the 
surprise of the company. 

Pawn, verb, (old). — Su quot 

C.X696. B. E., Diet, CanL Crew, s.v. 
Pawn. To pawn anybody, to steal 
away and leave him or them to Pay the 

Pawnee. See Parney. 

Paw- PAW, iuff, (old).— Naughty. 
Hence paw-paw words = ob- 
scene expressions ; paw-paw 
tricks = (i) masturbation ; and 
(2) (of children, by nurses) = 
tiresome pranks, etc. — Grose 


Pax, subs, (Winchester College).— 
An intimate friend. [Wrench : 
Possibly the plural of pac^, 
which word has an extended use 
in reference to friendship . . • 
as adj., subs., and vb. . . . This 
seems a more likely origin than 
the Pax of the Church.] 

/if//, (school). — Keep quiet I 
Hands off ! Also Have pax ! 
[Wrench : Almost the pure 
Latin use of the word. ] 

x9oa Kipling, Stalky dr* Co., 4. 
' I'm an ass, Stalky 1 ' he said, guarding 
the afflicted part. ' Pax, Turkey, I'm an 

Pay, verb, (colloquial). — To beat ; 
to punish ; to * serve out ' ; to 
* pitch into ' : generally with out : 

also TO PAY HOME (or AWAY). 

Hence payment = chastisement. 
—Grose (1785). 




159a. Grunb, BUickgBooku Mu- 
sender, in IVorks, xL M- Though God 
suffer the wicked for a time yet hee paiks 
HOME at length. 

1505. Shakspearb, 3 Hen. VI.. L a. 
To suoi mercy as his ruthless arm, With 
downright paymbnt, showed unto my 

i6x^ Tbrbncx in En^sk [Nakss]. 
To conclude, be sure you crosse her, pay 
HBK HOMB with the like. 

x69a Robin Goot(filltw [Halli- 
wbll]. If they uncase a cloven and not 
onty their points, I so pay their armes 
that they cannot sometxines untye them, if 
they would. 

^1631. Capt. John Smith, ffVnb, i. 
14a Defending the children with their 
naked bodies from the ynmerdfuU blowes, 
that PAY them soundly. 

1631. Chbttlb, H^ffmtm, Luc 
Well atrewell fellow, thou art now paid 
HOME For all thycouncelling in knavery. 

t6^ King and J^oort Nartkgrtu 
Mmn [HALLtwBLL]. They with a foxe 
tale him soundly did pay. 

X71X. S^tator^ No. X74. Sir Roger 
. . . thinks he has paid me off, and 
been very severe upon the merchant. 

1748. Dychb, Diet, Pay . . . also 
to thruh, beat, or whip a boy, tl#., for a 

X78C Grosb, Vulg, Tongue J s.v. 
Pay. I will pay you as Paul paid the 
Ephesians, over the fiioe and eyes and all 
your d— d jaws. 

</.i796. Burns, Poem*. An' wi' a 
mickle hazel rung. She made her a weel 
payed daughter. 

1849^ Thackeray, Dr» Birch. You 
see if I don't pay you out after school- 
yon sneak you ! 

1871. Mkrevith, //any RicAmomd, 
xlv. Now they had caught me, now they 
would PAY me, now they would pound me. 

188^ Russell, JacKt Courtship. 
xxiv. Were he not so cruelly ill I should 
say he was being well paid out. 

To PAY AWAY, verb, (collo- 
quial). — I. To go on ; to proceed : 
as with a narration or action. 2. 
SuQ^oX^ 1785. 

167a Eachard, ConUmptofCUrgy 
[Arbbr, Gwrner, vii. 30BJ. Who . . . 
think, had they but licence and authority 
to preach, O how they could pay it away ! 
and that they can tell the people rach 
strange thin^, as they never heard before, 
in all their Uves. 

X78s> Grosb, Vutg, Tongue^ s.v. 
Pay. To pay away, to fight manlnlly, 
also to eat voraciously. 

X887. Besakt, WorU Went Very 
Well Then^ xxviii. Ay, ay, mv girl; 
pay it OUT. I am a sailors' apothecary. 
I am old smd envious. Pay it out. I 
value not thy words — no,inot even a rope's 

To PAY WITH A HOOK, verb, 
phr. (Australian thieves*). — To 
steal ; cf, HOOK : su Prig. 

1873. Stephens, /ify Chinee Cook. 
. . . You bought themf Ah, I fear me 
John, You PAID them with a hook. 

Colloquialisms are : — To 
PAY OLD SCORES = to get even ; 


to give tit for tat ; TO PAY the 


NATURE) = to die; * What's to 
PAY ? * = * what's the matter * ; TO 


BIG) = to accept the inevitable 
with grace, ^u also Deuce, 
Devil, Footing, Fidler, Nose, 
Pepperidge, Piper, Rent, 
Scores, Shot, and Whistle. 

xfi33. Ford, *Tii Pityt iv. i. I was 
acquainted with the danger of her dis- 
position ; and now have iuted her a just 


1678. Cotton, Virgil Travestie 
[Worhs (1725) 741- *'«•«' • • • Likfe 
cunning Quean in Smiles array'd her. And 
in HER OWN Coin thus she paid her. 

1687. Prior, The Mice. The Sire 
of these two Babes (poor Creature) Paid 
HIS LAST Debt to human Nature. 

1894. Sala, London Up to Date^ 
997. The Hon. Planugenet paid up and 


P. D., subs. phr. (trade).— A mix- 
tare used in adulterating pepper. 
[A contraction of • pepper-dust'] 

p. D, Q. 



P. D. Q.,/An (common). — * Pretty 
damned quick.' 

190a Free Lemee^ 6 Oct., ao, x. It 
looked as if I'd be on my uppers if I didn't 
get something to do p. d. q. 

Pea, subs, (common). — ^The fi&voor- 
ite ; the dioice. [From thimble- 
rigging : e.g,^ * This is the pea I 

x888. Sport, Life, zz Dec. Sweeny 
forced the fighting, and was still the pea 
when * Time 1' was called. 

1 891. Lie. Vict. Gaz,f ao Mar. 
Well, Albert, now what is the pba f we 
asked, hurrying towards the paddock. 
How much cio you want on f he queried. 
Oh, a fiver u quite enough. 

To PICK (or do) a swbbt 
PEA, verb, phr, (common). — 
To urinate ; cf, TO gather 
VIOLETS, and to pluck a rose. 

Peacemaker, subs, (venery). — i. 
The penis : also Matrimonial 
Peacemaker : su Prick. 

1796. Gross, (^«/^. 7lM;pKtf (3rd ed.), 
S.V. Matrimonial Pbacbmakbr. The 
sugar stick, or arbor vitae. 

2. in//, (military). — The Bed- 
fordshire regiment, formerly The 
Sixteenth Foot. [From Surinaam 
in 1804 to Chitral in 1895 ^^ 
Bedfordshires missed all chances 
of active service.] 

3. (American). — A revolver : 
see Meat in the Pot. 

Peach, subs. (old). — i. Adetective : 
specifically one employed by 
omnibus and (formerly) by stage- 
coach proprietors to check re- 
ceipts. [Seetferb,] 

2, (common). — Agirloryoane 
woman of pleasing parts; c/, 

Verb, (once literary : \ 
colloquial or slang). — To info 
to betray; TO split {^,v,): 
ROUND ON (^.f.). [From * izyJ 
peach.'] Hence peacher = 0/J 
mfoimer.— Grose (1785). 

English Synonyms. To bust ; 
to blow the gaff ; to cast up ac- 
counts ; to cackle ; to castell ; to 
crab ; to crack ; to clipe ; to chirp; 
to come it ; to hedgehog ; to dick ; 
to inkle ; to leak ; to let on ; to 
let out ; to lip ; to make a song ; 
to nose ; to give the office ; to 
put away ; to put up : to put a 
down on ; to be rusty ; to ruck 
on ; to round on ; to scream ; to 
snap ; to snitch ; to sta^ ; to 
sc^ueal ; to squeak ; to split ; to 
tip ; to tip the wink ; to wniddle ; 
to whittle. [For other synonyms 
see Split.] 

c.i^6», York Plavs^ 439. For-thy as 
wightis that are wifi thus walke we in 
were. For pbchvng als pilgrymes that 
putte are to pees. 

1554. Fox, Martyrs. Accusers or 
pbachbrs qS others that were guiltless. 

X508. Shakspearb, / Henry /K, ii. 
3. Iff be u'en, I'll peach for this, ibid. 
Measure for M. (1603), iv. 3. Then b 
there here one master Caper, at the suit of 
master Three-pile the mercer, for some 
four suits xA peach*colour'd satin, which 
now PBACHBS nima beggar. 

1607. Puritan, iv. 3. George, look 
to't ; ru PBACH at Tyburn else. 

1607. MiDDLBTON, PhamXt V. X. 

Let me have pardon . . . and I'll peach 

1632. JoNSON, Magnetic Lady^ iv. a. 
Go PEACH, and cry yourself a fooL 

1619. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
The Bloody Brother^ iii. 2. " You peach- 
INC rogue, that provided us These neck- 

164X. EvELVN, Diary [Century], I, 
I did not amidst all this peach my liberty. 

1663. Butler, HmUhras^ v, L Make 
Mercury confesse and peach Those 
thieves which be himself did teadu 





1713. Akbuthnot, Hixt, of John 
BuUt III. I Yoar Ptachirnsooker came 
off, as rogues usually do upon such oc- 
casioos, 1^ PEACHING hb partner. 

1731. FiBLDiNG, Lttttr WriUrt^ U. 
zx. It were good for vou to resolve on 
being an evidence, and save ^our own 
neck at the expence of his. Rts^. Well, 
sir, if I must pbach, I must, I think. 

1830. LvTTON, PomI Clifford^ xxxi. 
You will not PBACH, I suppose ! I pbach 1 
devil a bit I 

1839. AiNSWORTH, lack SkeMard 
(1889], XI, He . . . only escaped the 
gallows Sy impeaching his acoompUcM. 

1849. KiNGSLEV, Alton Lockt^ x. 
Now ... no PBACHiNG. If any man is 
scoundrel enough to carry tales, I'll 

1857. Hughes, Tom Brown at 
Rit^t L 8. He . . . used to toady the 
bullies by offering to lag (or them, and 
PEACHING against the rest of us. 

1884. Sai. RevUfv, o Feb. 178. 
Known to the police, as likely to peach. 

x8q& Pa/i Ma^ GaM,t B Feb., I If 
some kUow was to go and peach, how 
would he prove the case? 

Z90Z. Sporting- TimoSf vj Ap., i, 4. 
A sea-green, incorruptible navvy was 
offered half a sovereign for hb vote, which 
he accepted. At the same time, he felt 
that it was an outrage on hb honour and 
int^rity, so be peached, and became a 
valuable witness in the unseating of Mr. 

Peacock, subs, (old).— i. A gull ; 
and (2) (racing) a horse with 
action : cf, peacock* HORSB = 
(ondertakers' ) a horse with a showy 
mane and tail. Hence peacocky 
= showy ; as verb = (i) to 
display (as a peacock its tail), to 
put on * war-paint,' or * side ' ; 
and (2 — Anglo- Indian) = to make 
a formal call {see quots. 1883 and 


1580. Sidney. Arcadia^ i. That 
love which in haugntie hearts proceeds of 
a desire onely to pleas, and as it were 
PEACOCK theooselves. 

1596. Shakspbare, HamUt,, iiL 3. 
And now reigns here A very, very— pajock. 

Z598. Florio, WorUU of IVordes, 
S.V. ZoMMoare. To ^lay the simple selfe- 
conceited gull, to go letting or loytring vp 
and downe peacock ising and courting of 

x869b TtUgrt^ 5 Ap. Speculators 
. . . were fiurly disgusted with the flash 
peacock,^ with his bumble foot and 
* threadleing ' action. 

1873. Tennyson, Gartik tmd Ly- 
notto. Peacocked up with Lancelot's 

1883. GrapAtCt 17 Mar.j a86, 3. 
Another curious custom of Indian hospi- 
talitY which extended to a late period— 
not fonder than thirty years ago — was that 
of inviting vbitors, or ' callers,' to take 
beer at eleven o'clock in the forenoon. . . . 
The quantity of bottled ale which a gentle- 
man of the period out peacocking, as it 
was called, could put inside him^ may be 
calculated when it is said that a visit never 
extended beyond ten minutes, and he had 
three hours m which to make the most of 
hb time. 

1884. Smart, Post to Finish^ xvi. 
Bushzanger was pronounced peacocky, a 
three-cornered brute, and was very gene- 
rally dbliked. 

1893. Lift ^ Sir R. Burton^ L Z36. 
Few preferred peacocking, which meant 
robing in white grass clothes imd riding 
... to call upon regimental ladies. 

1898. Pink 'l/n and Pelican, 65. 
In PEACOCKED the little man with the 
long chain. 

PlACOCK- ENGINE, subs, phr, (rail- 
way). — A locomotive with a 
separate tender for coals and 

Pea- (or peak-) qoose, subs, phr, 
(old).— -A silly fellow : a general 
term of reproach : see BUFFLB. — 
C0TGRAVE(i6ii) ; B.E. (r.1696). 

1570. Ascham, SchoUmaster, 48. 
If thou be thrall to none of these, Away, 
good PBAKCoosB, away, John Cheese. 

t6o6. Chapman, Mons,^ dOlivt, iiL 
Respect's a clowne supple-jointed, courte- 
sie's a very pbagoosb. 

i6a3. Fletcher and Massingkr, 
Prophetess^ iv. 3. 'Tb a fine pbak-goose. 




1653. U«QUHART, Rabelaist 111. xiL 
The phiegma>tic peagoosb Awpiu. 

Peak, subs. (old). — i. Lace. — B.E. 
(f.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

2. (common). — The nose : see 

PEAK-Q008E. See Pea-goose. 

Peaking, subs, (trade). — Remnants 
of cloth : cf, makings and cab- 

Peal, subs, (Winchester : obsolete). 
— (i) A cnstom in Commoners of 
singing out comments on Praefects 
at Cloister-time {q,v,^ ; (2) 
cheers given on the last three 
Sundays of the Half for articles 
of dress, &c., connected with 

foing home, such as "Gombr 
Iats" {q,v,). Party Rolls 
(f.z^.)> &c. ; and (3) Chapel bells 
which were divided into Peals. 
[Halliwell = a noise or up- 
roar : ^ M. E. apel = an old 
term in hunting music consisting 
of three long moots. ] 

c.x84a Mansfiblo, School Ltfe^ 63. 
The Junior in chamber . . . had to keep a 
sharp ear on the performance of the 
chapel bell, and to call out accordingly, 
* first PBALl' 'second PEiiLl' * bells 
down 1' 

Verb. (old). — To scold.— 
Grose (1785). 

Pealer, ftt^j. (American). — Avery 
energetic person ; a rustler 
{q.v,) ; a HUMMER {q,v,Y 

1869. Stowe, Old Town Folks ^ 117. 
She was spoken of with applause under 
such titles as 'a staver,' a pbalbk, 'a 
roarer to work.' 

See Peeler. 

Peanut - politics, subs, fkr, 
(American).— Secret tactics. [The 
pea-nut buries its pods after 
flowering, a process by which 
the nuts are ripened.] 

1887. New York Mail, 97 May. 
Governor Hill to-day said what he thought 
of Quarantine Commissioner T. C Pkitt's 
letter, offering to resign his post, if the 
Governor would consent not to play 
PEANUT POLITICS, and would appoint 
Coloqel Fred Grant in his stead. 

Pear, verb, (thieves').— To draw 
supplies from both sides : as from 
the police for information, and 
from thieves for a warning: cf, 
PEAR-MAKING = bounty jumping. 

1785. Gross, Vui^. Tongue, s.v. 
Pbar-making. The Cove was fined in 
the steel for pkar making ; the fellow 
was imprisoned in the house of correction 
for taking bounties from different regi> 

Pea-riqqer (or Pea-man). See 
Thimble- RIGGER. 

Pearl. To make a pearl on 
THE NAIL, verb, phr, (old).— To 
drink.— Ray (1767). 

Pearlies, subs, (costers').— /» //. 
= pearl buttons : sewn down the 
sides of the trousers. 

x886k)6. Marshall, * Pomes* from 
the Pink 'Un ('Bleary Bill 7, 60. Oh 1 
why are your pearlies so bright, bleary 

189a. NaHonal Observer, 97 Feb., 
p. 378. Look at my pearlies, Kool my 
ed of 'air. 

Z894. Chevalier, The Costet^s Se- 
renade [Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1806), 
196]. Me in my pearlies felt a toff tnat 

z9oa Daily Mail, 23 Mar., 4, 5. 
Had the soldier had as many buttons to 
his tunic as the average London coster 
has pearlies on his holiday inexpress- 
ibles, he could speedily have realised a 
small fortune. 

1901. Henlbv, Haiwihom a$ul 
Lavender, 78. With pearlies and a 
barter and a Jack. 

Peas. As like as two peas, 
phr, (common). — As like as may 




1765. Walpols, LetUrtt 13 Oct. 
Yt«. ;ret. Madam, I am as like the Duke 
de Richelieu as two peas ; but then they 
are two old withered grey peas. 

Pease- KILL. To make a pbasb- 
KILL, verb. phr. (Scots* collo- 
quial). — ^To squander lavishly : 
e.g. when a man's affidrs go 
wrong and interested persons get 
the management of his property 
it is said * They're makin a bonn^ 
PBASB-KILL o't.' A law-suit is 
said to be a pbasb-kill for the 
lawyers. [Jamibson.] 

Peas- FIELD. To go into thb 
PBAS-FIBLD, verb. phr. (old). — 
To &U asleep: see Balmy. — 
Ray (1670). 

Peat, subs. (old). — A delicate per- 
son : esp. a young girl. Also = 
(ironically) a spoilt uivourite. 

1578. King Ltar [Narbs]. To see 
that proud pert peat, our youngest sister. 

1593. Shakspraj», Taming of 
SkrtWj L, z. A pretty pbat ! 'tis best Put 
finger in the eye. 

1605. JoNSON, Chapman, &&. East- 
ward tit \Old Plays (Rbbd), iv. 279. 
God's my life, yon are a pbat indeed. 

i6^a. Massingbr, Maid q( Honour^ 
VL a. Von are a pretty psat, indifferent 
fiur toa 

Pea-time. In thb last of pba- 
TIMB (or -picking), /^r. (Ameri- 
can colloquial). — In decline of 
years; 'hard-up*; passi. Pba- 
TiMB IS PAST = dead ; ruined ; 
gone beyond recall. 

1848. LowBLL, BiHcw Pt^trs . . . 
There's oiler's chaps a*nangin' roun' that 
can't see pba-timb s past. 

Pebble, subs, (venery).— /« pL = 
the testes : see Cods. 

My pbbblbs, phr. (old). — A 
fieuniliar address. 

X84JL MoscniKVF, ScamfscyLondon, 
iii. T. Dick. MY PBBBLB. /bid. Now, my 
rsBBLBs, I'll give you a toast. 

Pebbly-beached, adv. phr. (com- 
mon). — Without means; stony- 


{q»v.). Hence to sight (or 


be face to face with ruin ; TO 
PBBBLB BBACH = to suck dry, to 
clean out : see Dbad-brokb. 

x836-o6. Marshall, Agi ^ Lcve 
V Pomes^ 76\. Yiffler could see himself 
stranded, for he could sight a pbbbly 
BBACH. Ibid. (JSeautiful Drtamtr)^ 65. 
I was able to see that my beautiful 
dreamer had pbbblb-bbachbd me. 

1889. LU. Vict. GoM.^ Jan. One of 
those mysteries which only those who 
have been pkbbly-bbachbd can reveaL 

X898. Pink 'Un and PiUcan, 978. 
Fleet Sl can possibly ' give a bit of 
weight ' to most places as a * run ' for the 
utterly wagless, rapless, and pbbblb- 

X90X. Riferetf ax Ap., 9, 9. In the 
slang of the day a gentleman who b 
"stony broke** describes himself aM 
Pbbbly Beach. With a deficit of fifty- 
three millions to warrant the change, 
" Hicks Beach " may now be fairly sub- 

Pec, subs. (Eton College : obsolete). 
Money : see Rhino. [From 
IjBXixi pecunia.'\ 

Peccavi, intj. (colloquial). — An 
acknowledgment of offence, mis- 
take, or defeat. To cry pbccavi 
= to confess to wrong-doing or 
failure. [Latin = ' I have sinned. *] 
—Grose (1785). 

1578. Whbtstonb, Promos ama 
C a ss an d rOf 3a. 

x6ii. Bbaumont and Flbtchbr, 
Knight of the Burning PestU^ iv. x. 
Make him sing pbccavi ere I leave him. 

PECK (or PEK), subs. (Old Cant).— 
I. Food of any kind ; grub 
(f.z^.); a meal; a feed: also 
PBCKAGB. Hence ruff-peck 
(^.v.) = bacon ; gerb-pbck = a 
turd ; PECK and booze = meat 
and drink ; rum-pbck {g.v.) = 


1 56 


good eating; grunting-peck = 
{iork ; OFF one's peck = with- 
out appetite, * off one's feed.* — 
Harm AN (1567) ; Head (1665) \ 
B. E. (^-.1696) ; Dyche (1748) ; 
Grose (1785). 

i6za Rowlands, Martin Mark'all 
[Farmer, Musa Pedtstris (1806), 8]. A 
GBRS PECK in thygan. Jhid, [Hunt. Club 
Rept. (1874), 40]. Pbckagb meat or 

t6xz. Middlston and Dbkicbr, 
Ro€iring Girl^ v. x. A gage of ben Rom- 
bouse ... Is benar than a Caster, Pbck, 
pennam, lap, or popler. 

x6ai. JoNSON, MitoMu Gipsies, 

With the convoy, cheats [goods] and 

PBCKAGE, Out of clutch of Harman 

X64X. Brom b. Jovial Crew [ Farmer, 
Musa Peelesiris (1896), 93]. Here safe in 
our Skipper let's cly on our peck. 

1706. Centlivre, Basset TabU, 
Prologue, Free from poor h(nisekeeping ; 
where peck is under locks. Free from 
cold kitchens, and no Christmas>box. 

1 89 1. EcAN, Life in London^ viL 
The PECK and booze are lying about in 
such lots that it would supply numerous 
poor families. 

1836. Smith, TJu Thieves? Ckaunt 
[Farmer, Musa Pedestris (X896X lai]. 
Oh 1 GRUNTING PECK in^ its eating Is a 
richly soft and savoury thing. 

X843. MoNCRiEFF, Tkt Scmsnps of 
London A, 2. Hurrah :— the peck. Ibid, 
iiL z. I don't care how soon after this 
walk I bite my name in for a peck. 

X884. Daily Telegraphy 30 July, a, x. 
A pint of cocoa, five slices of thick bread 
and butter, and a bloater ! Or a fair peck 
without the relish — a pint of cocoa or 
coffee, and as much bread and butter as 
you can eat, for the same money 1 

x89a. MiLLiKEN, *Arry BtdladSf 71. 
Gives yer the primest of pecks. 

2. See Racing-peck. 

Verb, (Old Cant : now collo- 
quial). — I. To eat 

CXS36. Copland, SMtel-hous (Far- 
mer, Musa Pedestris (Z896), aj. Thou 
shalt PBK my Jere In thygan. 

z6za Rowlands, Martin Mark^l^ 
p. 39b (H. Club's Repr. X874.) Pecks is 
taken to eate and byte : as the Bujfa peckes 
me by the sttun^eSt the dogge bites me by 
the shinnes. 

x66c Head^ English RepUy i. iv. 
36 (1874). The mght we spent m Boosing, 
PECKING rumly. 

1703. Levellers [Harl. Misc. (ParkX 
v. 454]. So they all fell heartily to peck- 
ing till they biad consumed the whole 

zSaz. EcAN. Li/e in London^ viL 
Jerry . . . Complained that be could not 
peck as he wished. 

1867. Dickens, No Thorougl^are^ 
L But if you wash to board me and to 
lodge me, take me. I can peck as well as 
most men. 

2. (colloquial). — ^To pitch ; to 

X856. Hughes. Tom Brown*s School' 
days, II. iv. I've been longing for some 
good hon<»t PECKING thu bxuf hour. 

Peck-alley, mbs. phr, (common). 
— The throat ; gutter-alley 

Pecker, subs, (common). — i. The 
appetite. Hence, a good (or 
RARE) PECKER = a hearty eater. 

[Cf, PECK.] 

2.(common). — Courage; spirits; 
good cheer : e,g. Keep your 
PECKER UP =* be of good heart' 

1853* Bradley, Verdant Green, i. 
1x4. Keep up your pecker, old fellow 
. . . and don't be down in the mouth. 

x86x. Punch, xL 005. The times 
were bad. and Gladstone looked sad, . . . 
And puzzled to keep up his pecker. 

x866. London Miscellany, 3 Mar. 
j7. You'll be better for something cheer- 
mg, sir, said he, just to keep your pecker 


rU^ Standard, 31 Aug. When a 
crew IS t^ng very hard and rapid work, 
some slight sumulant is absolutely nece<- 
»ry : it keeps up the pecker, and gives 
the digestion a Umely fillip. 

^. '.^.r^ ?;""**T» ^'*' Has^hty Actor, 
Dispinied because our frien? I)epres8ed 
his moral pecker. *^|w«bw 



Pedlat^s French, 

i88a Sims, Zeph^ 86. Kbkf tour 
racxKK UP, ola^man, and 111 poU you 

1892. Watson, Wo^t th* Waif^ x6. 
Since that I've been a-tryins to kbbp my 
PBCKER UP and git a honest Uvin'. 

3. (venery).— The penis: see 

Peckham. To have (or spend) 


phr, (old). — To have nothing to 
eat Going to Peckham = 
going to dinner. — Halliwell 


i8a3. Bkb, Diet Turf^ s.v. Pbck* 
HAM ... 'No Peckham tor Ben. he's 
been to Clapham,' /.«., is indisposed, in a 
certain way. 

Peckish, a<jr. (common). — Hungry. 
—Grose (1785); Bee (1823). 
For synonyms see Wolf. 

1837. Haliburton, Clockmaker 
(1863), 167. I don't care if I stop and 
breakfast with you for I feel considerably 
PBCKiSH thu momin*. 

X84C DiSRABLi, S^ilt VI. iiL .When 
shall I ^1 PBCKISH again? 

X847. Thackbrav. Vanity Fair^ 
xxix. Seeing these nou grubbing away 
has made me pbckish too. 

1860. Chamber^ Jonmal^ xiiL aia. 
There's the tea on the hob, brewing like 
mad. Are yoo PECKISH? 

1887. Hbnlby, Culinrt in Slums ^ 
* Rondeau ' i. For lo, old pal, says she, 
I'm blooming peckish. 

1894. MooRB, Estker IVatrrSt xIL 
I feel a bit peckish, don't you? We 
might have a bit of lunch here. 

PECN08TER, suds, (venery.) — The 
penis: see Prick. 

Peculiar, suds, (old).— i. A be- 
longing ; and (2) a mistress : see 
Tart.— B. E. (1696); Grose 


z647*8. Hbrrick, Hesj^erides, * Larr's 
Portion.' A Holy<ake : Part of which I 
give to Larr, Part is my pbculiar. 

PECULIAR River (The), suds. phr. 
(venery).— Thefemale/fMfi^ftftfm : 
su Monosyllable. 

2603. Shakspbarb, Meas, for 
Mtas.t il X. Oo. What's hb offence? 
Pom. Groping for trouts in a peculiar 
river. Ov. What, is there a maid with 
child by him? 

Peculiar Institution, subs. 
(American). — Negro slavery — 
' the peculiar domestic institution 
of the Southern States.* 

Peo, subs. (Old Cant).— I. A 
basket. — B. E. (r.1696) ; Grose 


XS70. Spenser, ShtpheartU Caien- 
dert Nov. A bask in a wicker pbd, 
wherein they use to carry fish. 

2. (common). — ^A professional 
walker or runner. 

1884. Sai. Rttrien*. at Jane, 8x0, x. 
Ruxming paths, except for the use of {no- 
fessiooal peds, were then unknown. 

x888. Sportsman^ a8 Nov. The six 
PBDS turned out to fight their way through 
the roaring and raging wind. 

Peo- BELLY, subs, (provincial). — A 
fat man or woman ; a corpora- 
tion [q.v.). [Ped = basket.] 

Pedescript, subs, (old).— Bruises 
from kicks. 

x6s9b Shirlbv, Hon. and Mammon 
[Narbs]. I have it all in pedescript. 

Pedestrian digits, subs. phr. 
(schoolboys*). — The legs. 

Pedlar's French, subs. phr. 
(old). — I. Cant, or the language 
of thieves and vagabonds ; and 
(2) any unintelligible jargon ; also 
St. Giles* Greek (^.z^.). 
[* French * and * Greek * here = 
• unintelligible.*]— B. E. (^.1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

X53a Palsgrave, Lan^. Frtmfoyst^ 
368. S.V. Spekb. They spcJce a pedlars 
frbkchb amongst themselfe. 




f. 153(6. Copland, SpvtUl'hmu [Far> 
MBR, Afusa PeeUstris (1896), a]. And 
thus they babble ... I wote not what 
with their pbdlyng frbnchb. 

Z567. HakmaNj Cmotat (1841). vi. 
Their language which they terme ped> 
DBLSRS Frbnche or Canting. 

x5gS. Florid, WorUU of Wordes^ 
S.V. Girgart^ to speake fustian, ped- 
DLERS FRENCH, or rogues language, or 

z6xi. MiDDLETON and Dbkkbr, 
Roaring Girl^ v. x. I'll give a school* 
master nalf-a-crown a week, and teach 
me this pbolbr's French. 

Z623. Massinger, Virgin Marfyr^ 
ii. z. Why, fellow Angefo, we were 
speaking in pedlar's French, I hope. 

164a [Shirley], Captain Underwit^ 
[BuLLBN, Old Playst "• 35' )• Gis. One 
rime more and you un<u>e my love for 
ever. Out upon't ! pedlars French is a 
Christian language to this. 

Z647. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Faithful Friend, I 2. 'Twere fitter Such 
honest lads as myself had it, that instead 
Of pedlar's French gives him plain 
language for his money. 

Z834. Ainsworth, Rookwood Pre> 
face. Its meaning must be perfectly clear 
and perspicuous to the practised paiterer 
of Romany, or Pedlbr's French. 

Pedlar's- NEWS, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — State news; 'stereo.* Also 
pipbr's (mung- or tinker's) 


j«^j./Ar. (common). — A walking- 
stick; a Penang-lawybr (^.w.); 

a WADDY (f.f.). 

Pee, verb, (chiefly nursery). — To 

urinate ; TO pump ship(^.i;.). 

Z788. PiCKEN,/*flr»»J. ' The Favourite 
Cat,' 47. He never stealt though he was 
poor. He never pee'd his master s floor. 

Peel, verb, (common). — To un- 
dress; to strip.^GROSE (1785). 
Hence peeled = naked : see 
Nature's Garb. 

z8zz. Moore, Tom Crib^ Z3. 

xSaa. M ONCRIBPF, Tom and Jerry, 
z. Tom, Come Jerry, cast your skin — 
PBBL — slip into the swell case at once. 

z8a7. CORCORAN; The Fancy, Note, 
89. Randull's figure is remarkable when 
peeled for its statue like beaty. 

z8a7. ScoTT, Two Drovers, vu 
Robin oad not art enough even to peel 
before setting to, but fought with his plaid 
dangling about him. 

Z830. LvTTON, Paul Clifford {^%it(^ 
856. You may call me an apple if 3roa 
will, but I take it, I am not an apple you'd 
like to see peeled. 

1834. AiNSWORTH, Rookmood, ' The 
Double Cross.' They peeled in style, 
and bets were making. 

Z857. ^^^MX&, Autocrat of Break' 
fast Tabu, i. What resi>lendent beauty 
that must have been which could have 
authorised Phryne to pbbl in the way 
she did 1 

z88^. Field, 4 Ap. I got into bed, 
and under cover pebled off, one by one, 
those pieces of clothing. 

z888. Detroit Fret Press, 90 Oct. 
She PEELED OFF her wedding dress and 
boots, . . . and threw them at him. 

To PEEL IT, verb, phr, (Amer- 
ican). — To run at full speed. 

To PEEL one's best END, 

verb, phr. (venery). — To effect 
intromission : see Greens and 

To peel eggs, verb, phr, 
(common). — To stand on cere- 

See Keep. 

Peeler, subs, (common). — i. A 
policeman : su Beak. [First 
applied to the Roval Irish Con- 
stabulary established by Sir 
Robert Peel, when Irish Secre- 
tary (18 1 2- 1 8), and subsequently, 
for similar reasons (1828-39), to 
the Metropolitan Police : see quot. 
1889 and cf. BOBBY.] 

z8Aa.3. Dublin Monthly Mag. \NoUs 
and Quertes. 7th S. viu 39a], 'The 
Peeler and the Goat.' As some Bansha 
PBBLBRS were out wan night On duty and 
pathrolUn, O. 




1843. Thackeray, Irish Sktich 
B9okj ziv. Half-«-doaen Peelsks . . . 
now inhabit Bunratty. 

1846. Fmnck, x. 163. And forth 
three peelers nishing Attempt to storm 
the Pass ; Truocheons are thick, but fists 
are quick, and down they go to grass ! 

i8sa KiNGSLBV, Alton Locke ^ xxxv. 
He's gone for a peblee and a search 
warrant to brak open the door. 

185Z. Mayhbw^ Lond. Lab.., l aa. 
As regards the police, the hatred of a 
costermonger to a peeler is intense. 

18^7. Lawrence, Guy Lhnm^totut 
iv. Sue or seven peelers and specials. 

1889. Encyclo. Brit.txvm. ^sy, His 
(Sir Robert Peel] greatest service to Ire- 
land as secretary was the institudoo of the 
r^ular Irish constabulary, nicknamed 
after him Peelers. 

1886^ Marshall, Word ^ a 
Policeman \^ Pomes* 73]. The other 
PEELER had a cut at nim as welL 

1889. Daily News^ 24 July, 6, z. 
The PEELERS seized it 

1893. NiSBBT, Busknutgtr'% Sweet' 
Aeartt (!u. When I heard him shout 
thieves, I thought it was the peeler, and 
knew it was time to walk. 

185^. Punch, 33 Oct, loi, I. He 
goes his way escortedby A single mounted 


2. (pQgilistic). — One ready to 
strip for the combat 

18 ». L' Allegro; At Good as a 
Comedy^ 56. Tnst >[ou try it then, with 
another sort of look in your mce, and see 
if I ain't a peeler. 

3. (American). — A very ener- 
getic person ; a ripper {q.v,), 

1869. H. B. Stowb, Oldtown Folks. 
She was spoken of with applause as a 
staver, a peeler, * a roarer to work.' 

Sir Pbblbr, subs. phr. (old). 
— A poverty-striking crop. 

ISS7' TussER, Husbandrie, xviiL la. 
Wheat doth not well. Nor after sir peeler 
he loveth to dwelL 

Peep, tferb. (colloquial). — i. To 

2. (Old Cant).— To sleep.— 
B. E. (r. 1696). 

Peeper, nebs, (common). — i. A 
spy-glass ; (2) the eye ; and (3), 
in pi. = a pair of spectacles. 
Hence painted pebpers (or 


eyes. — R E. (r.1696); Dyche 
(1748) ; Grose (1785). 

English synonyms. Blin- 
kers ; daylights ; glaziers ; glims ; 
mutton-pies (rhyming) ; ogles ; 
optics ; sees ; winkers. 

1656. Fletcher, Maritally \.^ 51. 
Thy PEEPERS more than active friends 

X707. Ward, Hudibras Redivivus, 
IL iv. 4. No sooner bad they fix'd their 
PEEPERS Upon the lifeless Whipper- 

1795. Grose, Vuig. Tongue, s.v. 
Peeper. A qyyinx glan. 

x8o8. Jamieson, Diet., s.v. Peepers 
... a cant term for spectacles. 

1818. Egan, Boxiana, 11. 43. His 
PEEPERS were taken measure of for a suit 
<^ motiming. 

i8ai. EcAN, Life in London, IL v. 
If you have even the good fortune to keep 
your PEEPERS from heing measured for a 
suit of mourning, you are perhi^n ... in 
man real danger among the refined 

i8aa. Scott, Fortunes 0/ Ifigel, 
xvL Chalk him across the peepers with 
yopr cheery. 

1831. Almar, Pedlat^s Acre, iu 3. 
There's something to open your aged 


1852. JUDSON, Mvst. 0/ New York, 
X. You just keep cool, and say nothing, 
but use your peepi 

1857. Thackeray, Virginians, xvL 
Keep on anointing my mistress's dainty 
PEEPERS with the very strongest ointment, 
so that my noddle may ever appear lovely 
to her. 

x86i. Pennell, Puck on P^pasut. 
x6. Slave ! (1 said) base Kitchen<reeper I 
(laid I) I will stop your peeper ! I will 
tap your claret. 

X864. Times, 18 Oct. Whkhwillat 
least, my gentle friends, open yopr 
PEEPERS for the rest of time. 

X89X. Lie Vict. Mirror, 30 Jan., 7, 
3. Jones had one of his peepers . . . 
ornamented with a fiinge of black. 




4. (old). — ^A looking-glass. — 
B. E. (^.1696); Dychb (1748); 
Gross (1785). 

Single pbbpbr, subs, phr, 
(common). — A onc-e}'ed man. — 
Grosb (1785). 

Peeping. A pbbping Tom, subs, 
phr, (common). — An inquisitive 
person ; a Paul Pry {q.v,). 
[From the Coventry legend.] — 
Grose (1785). 

Peep-o'-day boy, subs, phr, (old). 
— A street roister [R4[ency]. 

1831. Scan, Lt/e in Londony ii. vL 
Jerr>' and Bobby^ . . . With the F^kp-o'- 
DAY BOYS, Hunting after wild joys. 

PEEP8iE8,xfi^x. (street performers'). 
— The pan-pipes. 

Peepy, adj. and cub. (old). — 
Drowsy ; sleepy. To go to 
peepy (or PEEP-) by = to sleep. 
— B. E. (1696) ; Grose (1785). 

Peery (or PEER IE), adj. (old : now 
recognised). — Suspicious ; know- 
ing ; sly ; sharp-looking : also as 
verb. =to look about suspiciously. 
— HbaH (1665); B. £. (r.1696); 
Grose (1785). 

1703. Ward, London 5>^, xl a^. 
Another . . . look'd as Pesxy as if he 
thought every fresh Man that came in a 

1751. FiBLDiNG, Amglm^ ii. ix. 
You are so shy and pbbry, you would 
almost make one suspect there was more 
in the matter. 

1758. CiBBBR, Rtfiualf iii. Are you 
PBBSY, as the Cant is? 

2819. MooRB, Tom Crt'&t ao* Fixing 
hb eye on the Porpus's snout. Which he 
knew that Adoois felt pbsrv about. 

PEETY, adj. and adv. (Old Cant).— 
CHieerfui.— Bailby (1726). 

Pee- WEE, subs. phr. (nursery). - 

(I) The perns and (2) the femal 
pudendum. See Prick an 
Monosyllable. Also as tftr^* 
— to urinate. See Pbb. 

3. (school). — ^A small marble.. 

Peq, subs, (common). — i. A dram; 
a ^ drink*; a 00 {g.v.)i sped- 
ficallv (in India), a ' brandy-and- 
soda.^ In the i6th century 
*p€^-tankards' held two quarts, 
divided by seven pegs or pins, one 
above the other, into eight equal 
portions. Hence, to drink to 
pegs = to drink the draught 
marked in a peg tankard ; to 


INTO one's COFFIN = to drink 
hard ; TO GO A peg lower = to 
drink to excess ; A peg too low 
= (i) drunk, and (2) low-spirited ; 
PEGGBR=a persistent drinker, or 

NIPSTER {q.V.). 

T8az. Egan, Life im London, ii. u. 
To chaff with the flaso Mollishers, and in 
being home to a pbg in all their various 
sprees and rambles. 

Z87X. Fiforo, 15 Oct A man who. 
in the days of pbg tankari>s, woolo 
have got on pbg by pbg, marvelloasly 
rapidly to the state of the *much-loved 
intemperance of the Saxons' — as the old 
chronicler, Brady, has it. 

z87i. Sala [Bofgymtna, April]. En- 
sign Plume of the aooth Foot, at present 
languishing obscure at *Gib' and taking 
too many pbgs of brandy and soda when 
on guard. 

1883. Gra/Aic, tj March, a86, 3. 
The dispensation of food and liquor, 
however, never entered into the calcu- 
lations of the Anglo-Indian of the last 
generation. Even the shopkeepers used 
to think nothing of giving their customers 


Z884. IVorU, x6 April, x8, a. And 
then he took to play and pbqs, and his 
naturally excitable disposition did the 

Z894. iUmsiruUd Bits, 31 Mar., y, i. 
Come and have a pbg, becnad. 




1807. MiTPORO, Rowumu Capt 
Fr9tUur. il xv. Better fan than pegging 
OUT with only the sooty-faced niggers 
prodding away at yoo. 

2. (colloquial). — To be ruined; 
QUISBY (^.w.) 


phr, (common). — Su quot 

i886l Tit-HtSt 31 July, 35a. Being 
PBGGBD OUT (f.#. too notorious) in the 
neighboarhood, be b^ged by proxy. 

On the PEG,/^r. (military). — 
I. Under arrest ; roosted (^.v.)* 

2. (military). — Under stoppage 
of pay; fined. 

To put on the peg, verb, 
phr, (military). — To pull oneself 
up (or together) ; to oe careful : 
as of drink, behaviour, etc 

To PEG UP. Su verb.f sense 7. 

There are always more 
round pegsthan round holes, 
phr, (colloquial). — There are 
always more candidates than 

Old Peg, subs, phr, (old). — 

1785. Grose, Vulg. Tonjnu^ 8.v. 
Pbc. Old Pbg, poor hard Suffolk or 
Yorkshire Cheese. 

Peqasus. To break Pegasus's 
NECK, verb, phr, (old). — ^To write 
halting verse. 

1798. PoPB, Dnnciad^ iii. t6t. Some, 
free from rhyme or reason, rule or check, 
BsBAK Priadan's head, and Pegasus's 


Peqqy, subs, (common). — A slender 
poker, disposedly bent at ri^ht 
angles for the purpose of rakmg 
the fire : 4;^ rector and curate. 

Peg- LEO, subs, phr, (common). — 
A wooden legged man or woman. 

Pego, subs, (venery). — The penis : 
see Prick. [Gr. pe^e = a foun- 
tain.] — Grose (1785) ; Halli- 
WELL (1S47). 

X70Q. Ward, L^mdan Spy^ iL 8. 
Pbgo like an upstart Hector . . . Would 
(kin have rtil'd as Lord Protector, Inflam'd 
by one so like a goddess, I scarce cou'd 
keep him in my codpiece. 

Peg Puff, subs, phr, (Scots').— 
An old young woman : cf, old 

EWE dressed lamb-fashion. 

Pegtops, subs, (obsolete). — In pi. = 
Trousers : very wide at the hips 
and narrowing down to a tight-fit 
at the ancles. 

1859. Farxak, Julian Homtt xx. 
His . . . tailor . . . produced . . . the 
cat-away coat, and mauve-coloured pbc- 


x86i. KiNGSLEV, Rtttfemskoet hnx. 
Pegtops, and a black bowler hat 

1864., Lb Fanu, UncU Silas, xlrL 
Dudley, in a flagrant pair of cross-oarred 
PEGTOPS . . . approaching our refined 
little party with great strides. 

1892. M ILL! KEN, 'Arry BaUadt^ 84. 
'Im with the peg-tops and pipe. 

189a. Guntbk, Miss Dividinds^ iiL 
Trousers that are cut in what was Uien 
called the pec-top pattern. 

Peg Trantum. Gone to Peg 
Trantum's, /^r. (old).— Dead: 
x«tf Hop the TWIG. [Peg Tran- 
tum (provincial) = a wild romp- 
ing girl.] — Grose (1785). 

Pek. 5(«tf Peck. 

Pelican State, subs, phr. (Amer- 
ican). — Louisiana. [From its 
armorial bearings, the bird being 
common in the State.] 

Pell-mell, etdv, (old : now recog- 
nised). — In confusion ; ' higeledy- 
piggledy.'— B. E. (r. 1696) ; Grose 
(1755). Also as sttbs, and verb. 




xtfjji, Garrard, Art Warrt, 399. 
That either they may enter Pbslr Mbslb, 
or kill some Chiestana, or make such a 
slaughter of Soldiours. 

X663. Butler, Hudibrtu^ i. 3. To 
come PBLL-MBLL to luuidy blows. 

1664. Cotton. Virgil Travtstie (ist 
ecL), xo$^ Too't tney fell, Roaring and 
Swaggering pell mell. 

f.1709. Tk* Fetnalt ScujffU [Durkbv, 
Pills to Purg^Ctjog). iv. x8]. Both Pell- 
Mell fell to't, and made this uproar, 
With these Compliments, th'art a Baud, 
th'art a Whore. 

^, 1733. North, Exameu (X740X i. 
iii 48, 151. He falls in pesle-meslb. 

Z764. W. Tavernibr, Trav.t n. x6. 
They fought hand to hand with their 
sables, pesle mesle. 

Z767. Sterne, Trisiam Shatufy 
{IVffrks ixZjQ\ IX. xxvL 386.] To attack 
the point dT the advancing counterscarp, 
and pble mele with the JDutch, to take 
the counterguard. 

1837. Cooper. Europe^ u. z88. The 
revolution has made a pels mele in the 
Salons of Paris. 

Z850. LvTTON, Hmrold^ vu. iiL For 
some minutes the pele mele was confused 
and indistinct. 

z86«. OuiDA, SlraiAmcrtt i. iiu 
They fell pele mblb one on another. 

Z892. Fennell, Stanford Diet. , s. v. 
Pele-mble . . . The form pbslb mesle 
is earlier Fr. (Cotg.). Early Anglicised as 


Pelt, subs. (old). — i. A horry: 
hence to pelt (or go full pelt) 
= to go as hard or as &st as may 

Z843. Dickens, Christmas Carol. 
The clerk . . . ran home to Camden 
Town as hard as he coufd pelt. 

2. (common). — A rage ; a 
passion ; a blow : also pblter. 
As verb. = to be violently angry ; 

pelting (or OUT FOR A PELTER) 

= very angry, passionate. — B. E. 
(f.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

Z594. Shakspearb, Lucreece [Ma* 
LONB, Su^, i. 5«4]. Another smother'd 
seems to pelt and swear. 

t6o8. TopsBLL, Hist StrUmttt asa 
In a PELTING chafe she brake all to peaces 
the wenches imagery worke. 

Z632. ^ Vicars, Virril [Narbs]. 
Troves Illioneus brave With a huge stone a 
deadly pelt him gave. 

zd77. WrangUitf Lovers [Narbs]. 
That the letter, which put you into sudi 
a PELT, came from fiiother. 

1688. Grubb, British Herns 
(Percy, Rtlicuos], line 99. George hit 
tb' dragon such a pelt. 

Z697. UntuUural Brother. Which 
put her ladsrship into a horrid pelt. 

z8z9. Moore, Tom Crib^ 83. A 
PBLT in the smellers ... set it going like 

Z865. KiNGSLEV, Hilfyars and Bur- 
tons, iii. I wasn't really in a pbltbr. 

3. (colloquial). — The skin. 
Z694-6. Drvden, Virgil, Georgic, 

iii. 67a. A scabby tetter on their pelts 
will stick. . 

4. (old). — A miser ; a stingy 
fellow : also pbltbr. 

Z553. HuLOET, DicL S.V. A pelt 
or pinchbecke. 

Z577. Kendall, Flowers of Eft- 
grammts. The veriest pbltbr pilde maie 
seme To have experience thus. 

Z587. Gascoignb, IVorks [Narbs]. 
Yea let such pelters praite. Saint Needam 
be their speed, We need no text to answer 
them but this, the Lord hath neede. 

5. (old). — Clothes ; sometimes 
in pL : spec, garments made of 
• peltry * = the furs of beasts. 

1567. Harm AN, Caveat [E. £. T. S. 

Other PELTE and trashe vpon her alsa 

Z585. NomencUUor [Narbs]. A 
PELT, or garments made of wolves and 
beares skin, which nobles in old time used 
to weare. 

z63a Taylor, Works\^KRX&\ For 
they from sundry men their pbltes can 
pull. Whereby they keepe themselves as 
warme as wooll. 

Verb. I. Su subs.^^ensit 2, 
2. (tailors*).— To sew thickly. 





Pelter, subs, (colloquial).—!. A 
heavy shower : hence, a rain of 

1837. Barham, Ingoldsbv Legends^ 
ad Drummer.' The lightning kept 

flashing, the rain too kept pouring . . . 

what I ve heard term'd a regular pblter. 

1887. Religious ntrald^ 34 Mar. 
Presently, anodier shower came. . . . She 
ahrugged up her shoulders and shot her 
eyes auring the pbltbr. 

2. (colloquial). — Anything 
lai^ ; a whopper {q*v,\ 

1893. MiULilCBif, ^Arvy Ballads^ 7a 
Do«rn upon Sport, now, a pbltkju 

3. (tramps*). — A whore-mon- 
ger ; a MUTTON-MONGBR (^.9.). 

4. ^(tff xf^x.,senses 2and 4. 

5. (obsolete). — ^^^quot 

t8a7. J* Barrington, Personal 
Sketches (ira Edition, 1869), L 37^*275. 
£vcrv fiunUy then had a case of hereaitary 
pistols, which descended as an heirloom 
... for the use of their posterity. Our 
family pistols, denominated pblters, were 

Pelting, adj,—i, Su Pelt, xi^j., 
sense 2. 

2. (obs.).— Mean ; paltry; con- 
temptible. — B. E. (r.1696). 

z^7a AscHAM, SchoUmmsUr^ 191. 
Packmg up pblting matters, such as in 
London commonly come to the hearing of 
the masters of Bridewell. 

1578. North, Plutarch^ 458. Hybla 
bong but a pblting little town. llid.^ 
69. My mind in pblting prose shall never 
be exprest. But sung in verse heroical, for 
so I think it best. 

X581. LvLV, AlexoMder [Dodslbv, 
Old Plays (1874), ii. 140]. Good drink 
makes g^ood blood, ana shall pelting 
words spill it? 

xwf. Shakspbarb, Richard //., ii. 
I. This land — Is now leas'd out . . • 
Like to a tenement or pblting farm. 

1605. Shaxspbarb, LeoTf \u 3. 
From low farms, Poor, pelting villages, 
sbeepootes, and mills. 

<£x6x6. Beaumont and Flbtchbr, 
Bloody Brothert iii. a. Your penny*pot 
poets are such pelting thieves. 

Peltis-hole, suds. phr. (Old 
Scots'). — A term of reproach : of 
women : cf, pelt, su6s,y sense 4. 
[That is * tan-pit.'] 

15(7]. AherdienRefister[}Mii\jEsoti\. 
Maly Awaill was conwickit ... for mys- 
personyng of Besse Goldsmycht, calling 


Pempe, subs. (Winchester).— An 
imaginary object in search of 
which a new comer is sent : cf, 

pigeon's MILK, STRAP-OIL, THE 

pempe moron proteroy = * Send 
the fool &rther.'] 

Pin, subs. (old). — i. A prison; 
a penitentiary : su Cage. 

2. (Scots'). — A saucy man with 
a sharp nose — [Jamieson]. 

3. (colonial). — A three-penny 

4. (venery). — The female pu- 
dendum : see Monosyllable. 
[Properly of sows.] 

To have no ink in the pen, 
verb. phr. (old). — See quot. 

^.1547. Wbvbr, Lusty Juventus 
[DoDSLEY, Old Plays (1874X ii. 97I. When 
there b no more ink in the pen*, I 
will make a Shift as well as other men. 
[* Note by Hazlitt : ' an indelicate figtir«, 
which occurs in jest-books and other early 

Knight of the pen, subs, 
fhr. (common).— An author or 

1864. Reader t 22 Oct, 505. i. The 
best gu«>d again&t any such spirit, is that 
the publisher should be a knight op the 
PEN himself. 

Penance-board, subs, phr, (old). 
—The pillory.— B. E. (r.1696); 
Grose (1785). 



Penniless bench. 

Pen -AND- Ink, subs.phr, (rhyming). 
— A stink. Also as verb. 

189a. Sporting Tinus^ 39 Oct, 
' Rhyme of Rusher, 6. The air began . . . 


Pen ANG- LAWYER, 5ubs,phr, (com- 
mon). — See quot. [Probably a 
corruption of Penang liyar, the 
wild areca.] 

1865. Chambers' g Encyclopedia^ 
viL ^71. Penang lawybss^ the com' 
mercial name for the stems of a species of 
palm imported from Penang for walking 
sticks. They are small and hard, and 
have a portion of the root-stock attalched, 
which is left to form the handle. 

Pen BANK, subs, (Old Cant).— A 
b^;gar's can. — Bailby (1728). 

Pencil-fever, subs, phr. (racing). 
— ^A * disease' amongst racehorses, 
generally preceded by milking 
{q.v.), Wnen a horse has been 
MILKED to the utmost, and can 
no longer, in spite of marke- 
teers (17. v.), be kept at a short 
price, his true condition gets 
known, pencil-fever sets in, 
and every layer is anxious to 
pencil his name in his betting- 
book, i.e, lay against him as a 

MILK-FEVERand market- FEVER. 

Whence penciller = a book- 
maker: also Knight of the 
pencil; and pencilling fra- 
ternity = the world of book- 

1885. PuncAf 7 March f 109. The 

KNIGHTS OF THE PENCIL, Sir, hold that 

hackers, like pike, are more ravenous in 
keen weather, and consequently easier to 

1886-96. Marshall, * Pomes' from 
the Pink 'Un ('The Merry Stumer*), 8. 

1887. Fields 31 Dec The race 
proved a busy one for the pencillers, 
the greater part <^ the runners being 

x888. sporting Life, 13 Dec. The 
defeat of the favourite could not have 
brought much grist to the mill ci the 


1891. Lie. Vict, Gas,f 20 Mar. Last 
year some of the shrewdest of the penql- 
LING FRATERNITY were had over Theodo- 
lite when he won the Champion Hurdle- 
race at Sandown. 

Pen-driver, subs. f>hr, (common). 
— ^A clerk or wnter: cf, quill- 

z888. Century, xxxvii. 58a She . . . 
looked round on the circle of fire^-faced 
PEN'DRIVERS for explanation. 

Pendulum, subs, (venery).-— The 
penis : see Prick. 

Pen -GUN (or Penguin), subs, 
(Scots'). — A talkative person : 
esp. of small stature. To crack 
like a pen-gun = to chatter. 

Peninsular, subs, (old colloquial). 
— A veteran of the Peninsular 

1845. Quarterly Review , cIxvL He 
speaks of ue ruffling captain, who was, 
no doubt, an old Peninsular. 

Pen N IF, subs, (back-slang).-— A five 
pound note ; a finnup {q.v,), 

186a. Comhill Mag., vi. 648. It is 
all m sin^e pennips on Uie E^land jug. 

Penniless bench, subs.phr, (Old 
Cant). — Poverty. On the penni- 
less BENCH = poverty stricken ; 
Pierce Penniless = an em- 
bodiment of impecuniosity : cf. 
Poverty Corner. 

1579. LvLV, Euphues, D. 3. That 
everie stoole he sate on was pennilbssb 
BENCH, that his robes were rags. 

1630. Taylor, Works [Nares]. I 
entred like Pierce Pennilbssb, altogether 

d,\t^ Massinger, City Madam, vt,- 
I. Bid him bear up, he shall not Sit lone 



X6y Penny-a-liner, 

Penny, subs, (old).-i. Money in 
general; OOF {q.v.^. Hence *A 
PRETTY PENNY ' = a large sum. 

See Rhino. 

136a. LANGUiKD, PUrs Plowman^ 
xiiL 246. Lo, how pane purchasede faire 
places and drede. 

1596. Shaksfbars. Merry Whfes, 
u. 3. I. I will not lend thee a penny. 

1596. Shakspeare, Kiftgjofu^ v. a. 
What FENNY hath Rome borne, what men 

1887. ConUmj^orary ReoUw, li* X7* 
Shah St^ah and Shere Ali cost India a 


<^i893. Tennyson, IViU WaUrfroof, 
That eternal want of pence AVhich vexei 
public men. 

2. (American). — A cent. 

[Varioos colloquial usages ob- 
tain : e.g. A PENNY FOR YOUR 
THOUGHTS = a call to persons 
in a BROWN study {q.V.)\ AT 
FIRST PENNY = at first bid or 
ofifer ; clean as a penny = (i) 
very clean, and (2) completely ; 


WITH = very poor; penny or 
PATERNOSTER = psiy or prayers, 
love or money : cf. money or 

THINK one's penny SILVER = to 

have a good opinion of one's self ; 


earn money honestly ; to turn 
(or get) a penny = to make 
money, to endeavour to live 
(Dryden); penny wise and 
pound FOOLISH = careful in small 
matters and extravagant in large 
ones (Grose) ; penny plain or 
two-pence coloured = said of 
things varying in quality.] 

151a FoxE, Acts and Monuments 
[Cattley], iv. To turn a peny. 

CX59CX Mmid EmlynlHAZLrrr, Eariy 
Pep, Poet. IT. 85]. His wyfe made hym 
90 wyse, That he wolde tournb a peny 
twvsr, And then he called it a ferthynge. 

1546. Hevwood, />f9Dr^, a.v. He 
had NOT ONE peny to blisse him. Ibid. 


^ X566. Gascoigne, Supposes^ L 1. 
Pity nor pension, penny nor pater- 
noster should never have made nurse 
once to open her mouth in the cause. 

X594. (^R'K''B and Lodge, Looking 
Glass for London and England, 123. 
Believe me, though she say that she is 
fiftirest, I THINK MY PENNY SILVER, by her 

1594. Greene, Friar Bacon attd 
Friar Bungay [Century\. How cheer 
you, sir? a penny for your thoughts. 

^^ <^i63i. Capt. John Smith, Works^ 
ii. 219. Her fraught, which she sold at 
the first penny. 

1641. Peacham, Worth a Penny, 
267. Penny wise and pound foolish. 

C.X696. B. JL.Dict. Cant, Crew, s.v. 
Penny-white. Fbnnv-wise and pound- 
foolish. Sparing in a little and Lavish in 
a great £)eal, save at the Spiggot and let 
it out at the Bung-hole. Ibid. To get a 
PENNY, to endeavour to Live. Ibid, To 
turn and winde the penny, to make 
the most of one's Money. 

<^x7oz. Dryden, Works [Century}. 
Be sure to turn the penny. 

x7o8-ia Swift, Polite Conversa- 
tions, u Neverout. . . , Come ; a 
Penny for your Thoughts. Miss. It 
is not worth a Farthing ; for I was think- 
ing of you. 

Z74a Richardson, Pamela, il 56. 
I am AS clean as a penny, though I 
say it. 

X885. Daily Telegrabk, 23 Sep. 
Override any arguments advanced by the 
supporters of a penny-wisb and pound- 
foolish policy. 

PENNY-A-LINER, subs. pkr. (jour- 
nalists'). — A writer of paragraphs 
at the rate of a penny a line, or 
some such small sum ; a literary 
hack. Fr. un ^crivain de fer. 
blanc. Hence, pbnny-a-linbr- 


184a Thackeray, Paris Sketch 
Book, 232. As inflated as a newspaper 
document, by an unlimited pbnky*a*unbx. 




Pen NY- POET, subs, pkr. (old). — A 
reproach ; a gutter rhymester. — 
Kemp, Dance to Norwich (1601). 

PENNY-POT8, subs. phr. (common). 
— Pimples on the face of a haitd 

Pen NY- ROYAL, adj. (American). — 
Poor ; common ; ixiferior. 


phr. (common). — ^A penny roll, 
or ban. 

Penny-wedoinq, subs, phr, (Old 
Scots*). — 5^quot 1897. 

x8aw. Scott, Fortunes of Nigel, 
xxviL We'll have a' to pay ... a sort of 
PBNNY-WBDDiNG it Will pTOve. where all 
men contribute to the young folks' main- 

1897. Brbwxr, Phrase a$$d FubU^ 
a.v. Penny-wedding. Wedding banquets 
in Scotland, to which a number of persons 
were invited, each of whom paid a small 
sum of money not exceeding a shilling. 
After defraying the expenses of the feast, 
the residue went to the newly-married jmut. 
to aid in furnishing their house. Abolishea 
in 1645. 

Penny-weiqht, subs. (American). 
— See quot. 

1890. Daily Chronicle, i Dec. 
Wright and two American women . . . 
had pleaded guilty to . . . stealing ... 
jewellery from the shops of jewellers in 
the Citv and the West-end. . . . Wrig^ht 
was well known as a penny-weight thief 
in America, which was explained as a thief 
m^ devoted his attention to robberies of 
this description. 

Penny-white, adj. (old). — See 

r.1696. B. E., Did, Cant, Crew,%.y, 
Penny-white, said of her to whom For- 
tune has been kinder than Nature. 

Pennyworth (or Penn'orth), 
subs, (colloquial). — One'smone/s- 
worth ; a right equivalent ; what's 
owing and more : a good penny- 

worth = a roysl bargain : cf, 
Robin Hood's pennyworth ; 


count the cost— B. E. (r.1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

»534' Udall, Roister Doister, iv. 
vil 75 [Arbbr]. I will bane some pbny- 
WORTH, I will not leese [low] alL 

1588. MarpreL Epistle, 27 [ArbbrJ. 
If you deny me this request I will . . . 
haue my peniworths of them for it. 

x6oo. Shaksmcare, Much Ado, ii. 
3. Well fit the kid fox with a pbny- 


x6o«. Chapman, All Fools, it I do 
not doubt, But ttiave my pennyworths 
of these rascals one day. 

1678. Dryden, Prol. to CEdipus, 33. 
You needs will have your penn'orths of 
the play, And come resolved to djunn, 
because you pay. 

Z695. Locke, Reas, ofChr, [Ency.\ 
The priests sold the better pennyworths, 
and tnerefore had all the custom. 

X713. Swift, Journal to Stella, 25 
March, 63. The bishop . . . has bought 
abundance of pictures, and Dr. Pratt has 
got him very good pennyworths. 

1717. CiBBER, Non-Juror, iv. CoL 
One would think the villain suspects his 
footing ... is but short-lived : he is in 
such haste to have his pennyworths out 

X734. Defoe, Tour thro* Etut. 
Counties, sz. It is very good farming in 
the marshes, because the landlords let 
good pennyworths. 

1748. Montague JDodsley, Poems, 
III. 387]. Behold this equipage by 
Mathers wrought. With fifty guineas (a 
good pen'orth !) Sought ! 

X757. Franklin, Poor Richards 
Almatiac, f. 1758. Many have been 
ruined by buying good pennyworths. 

177X. Smollett, Humph, Clinker 
[GiBBiNGS (:9ooX L 54). Mistress said, if 
I didn't go, I should take a dose of bum- 
taiSfy ; and so remembering how it worked 
Mrs. Gwyllim a penn'orth, I chose 
rather, &c 

x86a Eliot, Mill on Floss, in. vi. 
My mother geto a good penn'orth in* 
picking feathers an* things. 




Pensioner, subs, (venery). — i. A 
prostitute's bully ; fancy-man 
iq.v.) : se^ Petticoat. — Vaux 

1 887. A. Barkers, A rgot a$ul SUmg^ 
273. Prostitute's bally, or pensioner. 

2. (University: Cambridge). — 
One who pays a ' pensio ' or rent 
for rooms in College : at Oxford 
a Commoner (^.v.). 

Z78a Mansbl [Whiblby, Cap astd 
Gcwn\. At Cambridge Commencements 
the time When gentlemen come for degrees, 
And with wildHoi^ing cousins and wives 
Through a smart mob of Pensioners 

Pent (The), subs, (old).— Penton- 
ville prison : see Cage. 

Z857. Punchy 3Z Jan., 49. For if 
Guv'ment wos here, not the Alderman's 
Bench, Newgit, soon 'ud be bod as the 
Pent, or ' the Tench.' 

PENTH0U8E-NAB, Subs, phr, (old). 

— A broad-brimmed hat : see 
Golgotha. — B. E. (1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

Penwiper, subs, (venery).— i. The 
female pudendum: see Mono- 

2. (common). — A handker- 
chief : see Fogle. 

People, subs, (colloquial). — Any 
sort of allies or connections — 
racial, parental, hired, voluntary : 
with or without the possessive. 
At Harrow = relations or visitors: 
*rve got people coming down.* 

13 [U EnglUh Gilds [E. E. T. S.J, 
;^32. Where-thurgh the Kynges l^e 
FEOPBLL scholde be disceuyd. 

T44a Gtnerydes [E. E. T. S.], i, 
1967. And what pbopyll they brousht 
among them three, Mynne Auctoor seith 
it b a wonder to see. 

Z474. Caxton, Gatmt ^ the Ckeste 
[Kington-Oliphant, New English, L 
^31. Caxton is fond of using peplb lor 
Hotmnes ; a queen should sprins qf (from) 
honest PEPLE, p. 37 (ed. Axon) ; we now 
often use my people for my/amily\, 

z6o3. Shakspeare, Twtlflh Nighty 
iii 3. You slew great number of his 

1743. PococKE, Description of tko 
Eastf I. 33. A stranger . . . being con- 
ducted ... to the Pacha's, is 
civilly entertained by his people with 
sweetmeats and coffee. 

xToa Bruce, Sonrce 0/ the Nile^ l 
Z41. Some <^ our people had landed to 

1841. Lever, Charles (XMalley, 
xxxvL Our PEOPLE have not been en- 

Pepper, subs, and verb, (old). — i. 
Vigorous or persistent action. 
Thus PEPPER, verb. = (i) to 
chastise desperately by word or 
deed ; and (2) to pain or in- 
convenience or punish : as a 
pugilist by blows, cannon by shot, 
or a whore by infection. Whence 
(3) violent and ardent motion: 
e,g, ^ pelting rain, heavy betting, 
or (in skipping) when the turn of 
the rope is increased from a slow 
pace to SALT (^. v.), and then to 
the quickest possible or pepper 
(Fr. du vtMoigre), Derivatives 
are pepperer = (i) forcible or 
rigorous attack, and (2) a hot- 
tempered, active, or violent per- 
son ; peppering = a fierce attack. 
As adj, (PEPPERING or peppery) 
= angry ; and peppered = badly 
hurt, or hurt to the death (^se€ 
Pipped) : usually with a hmt at 
pox or clap. 

1589. . Nashe, Return* 0/ Ptufuili, 
ilrorhs, u 97 J, Mar. It is a common 
reporte that the faction of Martimsnu 
hath mighue freends. Pas. Thats a 
bragge Marfbrius \ yet if there be any 
such ... I wyll picke out a time to 
peppkr them. 




IN THE NOSE, verb, phr, (old). — 
I. To be testy ; to offend quickly 5 
to get angry. Fr. la motUarde 
lui monte au nez, 

Z363. Langland, Piers Plowman^ 
XV. Z97. There are ful proude-herted men 
paciente of tonge, And boxome as of 
berynge to burgeys and to lordes, And to 
pore peple hav pbpbr in the nose. 

tLx^Q^. Skelton [I>vce, WorkSf ii. 38]. 
For dfrede of the red hat Take pbper in 


1547. Heywood, Dialogues t sie. G. 

Hee TAKETH pepper in the NOSE, that I 

complayne Vpon his faultes. 

157a Elderton, Lenton Stuffs 
[Halliwell). For every man takes 
PEPPER i' THE NOSE For the waggynge of 
a strawe. 

1578. North, T'Ar/tfyr*, 173. AVhere- 
wtth enraged all (with pepper in the 
nose) The prond Megarians came to us, as 
to their mortal foes. 

1590. Tarleton, Newts out 0/ 
Purraterie [Halliwell]. Myles, hear> - 
ing nim name the baker, took straight 
PEPPER IN THE NOSE, and. Starting up, 
threw of his cardinals roabes. 

X505. Florid, Worlds 0/ IVordeSt 
S.V. MomUtre su la Bica, to take 
PEPPER IN THE NOSE, to be sore angrie. 

1607. Marston, IVluU you Will, 
Induction. He's a choUerick gentleman : 



161 X. Chapman, May-Dav^ iiL 6e> 
cause I entertained this gentleman . . . 




O^tic Glasse <(f Humors 

A man is teisty, and anger 

wrinckles his note, such a man takes 


X653. MiDDLETON and Rowley, 
Spemisk Gipsy [Amc. Dr., iv. X90] Take 
you PEPPER IN YOUR NOSE, you mar our 

e.1662. Rum^ Songs [Nares]. Alas, 
what take ye pepper in the nose To 
see king Charles his odours wome io 

x67a Ray, ProverU (Bohn (1883), 

X74J. S.V. 

Pepper-and-salt, adj, (common). 
— Light grey ; mingled black and 
white : applied to fobrics. 

1843. Dickens, CkuMzlenrit, xxviL 
A short'tailed pepper-and<salt coat. 

1876. Eliot, Daniel Deronda, zliL 
A man in a pepper*and<salt dress. 

Pepper-box, subs, phr, (old).— A 

The Pepper-boxes (or cas- 
tors), subs, phr, (common). — 
Domes or capolas : specifically 
the National Gallery in Trafalgar 
Square, but applied to any dome- 
shaped building : cf. Boilers. 

1855. Thackeray, Newcomes, xxii. 
Think of half a mile of pictures at the 
Louvre I Not but that there are a score 
under the old pepper-boxes in Trafidgar 
Square as fine as the best here. 

1887. FRiTH,i4«/0^M9f., L 56. What 
the students called the pepper-box, 
namely, the centre cupola of the new 
Nadonal Gallery in Tra£dgar Square. 

xpox. Daily Telegraph, 3 Feb., xo, 5. 
Godalming's Pepperbox is to be pre- 
served. This is the local appellation by 
which the old market house and former 
town hall is known, and the title was 
bestowed on it because the shape of the 
structure, which stands in the middle of 
the main street, is more like that article of 
domestic use than anything else. 

See Pepper, tferb, 3. 

Pepperid«e. To pay the pbp- 
peridge, verb, phr, (provincial). 
— To pay one's footing {q,v,) : 
as a schoolboy has to peppbridgb 
his mates when he puts on a new 
suit of clothes. 

Pepper's Dragoons, subs, phr, 
(nulitary). — ^The Eighth Hussars. 

Pepst, adj, (old). — Drank : see 
Drinks and Screwed. 

IS77. Kendall, ^Zwiwrr 0/ Epi- 
grammes [Nares]. TImmi drunken faiixist 
thyself of Ute ; Thou three dates after 
slepst : How wilt thou slepe with drinke in 
deede. When thou art thoroughly pepst? 




Perambulator, subs, (streets').— 

z87a Hazlkwood and Wiluams, 
Lemo* it io Me, L Joe's a perambula- 
tor; ... a perambulating greengrocer, 
called by vulgar people a costermonger. 


Perch, subs, (colloquial). — ^A high 
seat ; a resting place. 


(or TIP over) the perch, verb, 
phr, (common). — To die: su 
Hop THE Twig. Also to perch. 

159^ Nashb, N^f, TrmpellerlGRO' 
SART, Works. V. 4x]. It was inougb [in 
the time of tne ' sweating sickness ] if a 
fat man did but trusse his points, to turns 


165^ URpUHART, Rabelais^ iii. ProL 
Through n^ligence, or want of ordinary 
sustenance, they both tipt over the 


1748. Richardson, Clarusa, vL 
35a Her late husband . . . tipt off 
the perch in it, neither knowing how to 
yield, nor knowing how to conquer. 

zSfli. Scott, PiruU, xL He . . . 
expired without a groan. I alwairs thought 
him a d— d fool . . . but never such a 
ooosummate idiot as to hop the perch so 

1886. Spiting Times, % Aug. i . 3. 
Well, s'pose I perched first? Wefl, 
replied Pitcher, I should just come in 
where you were lying in thecold^meat box, 
and I should whisper in your ear, etc 

To knock off the perch, 
verb, fhr. (common). — ^To upset ; 
to defeat : to do for (q,v.). 

Perch ER, w^x. (Wnchester Col- 
lege). — A Latin cross laid hori- 
zontally against the name of an 
absentee on any roll. 

Perfect- LADY, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — ^A prostitute : see Tart. 

PERFECTLY OEMMY, odj, (American 
cadet). — Stylishly dressed. 

Perforate, verb, (venery).— i. To 
take a maidenhead : see Greens 
and Ride. 

Perform, verb, (colloquial).—:. To 
carry out a design : generally a 
dishonest one ; to play ; to work. 
To perform on a flat = to 
cozen a fool. 

2. (venery). — ^To copulate : see 
Greens ana Ride. Hence, per- 
former = a whoremonger. 

Perger. See Purgbr. 

Pericranium (or pericrane),x»^x. 
(old : now recognised). — The 
head or skull. [Properly the 
linine membrane of the bones of 
the sdcull.].— B. E. (r.1696). 

Z690. DURFEY, Callings Walk, i. 
Attempt to storm thy pericranb. 

Periodicity- RAQ, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — ^The menstrual cloth ; the 
FLAG (^. v.). 

Perished, adj, (colloquial). — 
Starved with cold : hence, col- 
lapsed, as from fear or pain. 

z888. BoLDREWOOD, Robbery under 
Arms, xli. Says Aileen, looking regularly 
perished, You don't mean to say they've 
taken him T 

Perish ER, subs, (common). — i. A 
short-tailed coat ; a jacket : also 


2. (common). — A consumma- 
tion ; an extreme. 

1888. BoLDRSWooD, RMery under 
Arms, xli. Then he most times went in 
an awful perisher — took a month to it, 
and was never sober day or night the 
whole time. 

x8oo. Lie. Vict, Gwu,, 7 Nov. He 
went m a perisher last night, Uying 
against Sir Tatton Sykes for the Derby 
with a half-a-dosen thousand pound notes 
in his hands, all of which he will lose. 




Periwinkle (or Perriwinkle), 
subs, (old). — I. A wig. [A 
corruption of periwig]. Fr. une 
panoufle^ un gtuon^ and (thieves*) 
un boubane. — B. E. (1696). 

2. (venery). — The female pu- 
dendum : see Monosyllable. 

PERK8, sttbs, (vulgar).— Perquisites. 

1887. Fun^ 30 March, 138. The 
PERKS, etc., attached to this useful office 
are not what they were in the ' good old 

1889. Pall Mall Gaz.,vi Sep., 9, 9. 
How incorrigible the Cit^ Corporation b, 
to be sure, in a matter of its perks. 

189a Traill, Saturday S&i^t 68. 
The position ain't high, and the perks 
isn't weighty. 

1897. Sporting Tinus^ t\ Mar., i, 9. 
She'n or value in a thousand ways, she 
never looks for perks. Even when she 
takes a holiday she stops at home and 

To PERK UP, verb, phr, (old 
colloquial).— I. To plume one- 
self ; to adorn. 

i6oi. Shakspeare, Henry VI I I,, xu 
3. *Tis better to belowl^ bom ... Than 
to be PERKED up in a glistering grief. And 
wear a golden sorrow. 

2, (colloquial). — To recover 
from sickness. — B. E. (r.1696). 

Board of Perks, subs, phr, 
(common). — Board of Works. 

1889. PaU Mall Gaz, , 97 Sep. Pro- 
vincial BOARDS or PERKS. [Title.] 

PERKIH, subs. (old). — I. Weak cider 
or perry. — Grose (1785). 

2. (obsolete). — Beer. [From 
Barclay, Perkin&Co.] 

PERKING, subs, (old). — See quot 
c. 1696 : as adj. = peering ; in- 

C1696. B. E., Diet. Cant, Crew, 8.v. 
Perking, the late D of M. Also any 
pert, forward, silly Fellow, 

X835. DiCKBNS, Sketches by Box, iv. 
He is a tall, thin, bony man with . . . 
little restless, perking eyes. 

Pern EL. See Panel. 

Pernicated, adj. (American).— 
Swaggering ; full of side {q,v^, 

Pernickity (or pernicketty), adj, 
(Scots'). — Fastidious ; over-par- 
ticular. -— Jamieson. 

x886. Pop. Set. Monthly, xxvl 5a. 
This I^ say for the benefit of those who 
otherwise might not understand what 
PERNICKITY creatures astronomers are. 

x888. Harper*s Mag., £ng. ed. viiL 
875. Any white man . . . ^ows lame and 
impatient at such confining and per* 
NICKBTV work. 

Perpendicular, subs, (common). 
— I. A stand-up lunch ; an even- 
ing party where the nu&jority of 
the guests stand ; an upright 

x888. sporting Life, xo Dec. He 
soon resumed the perpendicular, and 
went for his antagonist, who evaded him 

1883. Edna Lvall, Donovan, ix. I 
duly attended my mother to three fashion- 
able crowds, perpendiculars is the bett 
name for them, lot there is seldom more 
than standing room. 

2. (venery). — Coition taken 
standing: cf. horizontal. Also 
UPRIGHT and knbb-tremblbr. 

Persimmon, subs, (American col- 
loquial). — [A species of wild plum; 
in America as common, south of 
latitude 42°, as is the blackberry 
in England. Its fruit and hard 
wood are much esteemed. The 
huckleberry is akin to the whortle- 
berry.] Among popular phrases 
are : To rake up the persim- 
mons = to pocket the stakes or 
spoils, to rake (or pull) in 

THE pieces {q.V,) \ THE LONGEST 




z6?|. Milton, Comus [Aldine], 731. 
Should in a pet of temperance feed. 

Z685. Sir p. Hums, Narrative^ 4a. 
As we were to goe, several gentlemen 
inclined to have gone with us, but the 
Erie PETTING at it, forbare and stayed 

X749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], 109. They may taJce themselves 
off in a PET sometima, the itch of writing 
brings them back again. 

Z766. Brooke, Fool 0/ Quality ^ i. 
103. I would have sent to enquire after 
them, but I was petted at their n^lect 
of us during our long illness. 

2. (old : now recognised). — A 
darling : also in sarcasm. [In 

auot. 1607 = a delicate yoang 
ling.] Also PEAT. Whence, as 
verb, = to fondle. 

<^i5ao. Dunbar [Kington-Oliphant, 
New English^ L 36z•^. Dufibar wrote 
... in Northern Bngush . . . There are 
the Celtic words tartan . . . pet (darling) 
. . . tedder (tether), brat]. 

Z563-77. Gascoign [Chalmers, Eng. 
Poets t iL 485.] I grooped in thy pocket 
prettv PEATE, And found a Lemman which 
I looked not. 

Z578. King^ Lear [Nares]. To see 
that proud pert peat, our youngest sister. 

zsSz. RiCHE, Farewell to Mil, Prof, 
[ShaMspeare Soc.t 63].^ Have you founde 
your tongue, now pretie peate ? then wee 
most have an almon for parrat. How 
durst thou, strompette, chalenge me to 
bee thy fiither. 

Z593. Shakspeare, Tatmng qf 
Shrew J l z. A pretty peat I 'tb best Put 
finger m the eye. 

Z605. JoNSON, Chapman, ftc., East- 
ward Hoe [Old Plays (Reed), iv. 379.] 
God's my life, you are a peat indeed. 

Z607. Dekker and Webster, H^est- 
ward Hoe^ iL a. Mon. She's not troubled 
with the green sickness still, is she ? Bird, 
The 3rellow jaundice . . . Troth she's as 

good a PEAT 1 

z6a9. Boyd, Ltut Battell^ 324. 
Grosse euill thoghts fedde and petted 
%vith yeelding and consent. 

<£z63z. Donne, Poems^ 9a The 
wench a pretty peat, And (by her eye) 
w«ll fitting for the seat 

z6i2. yii^ssnnGKn^ Maid of HonomTt 
iL 2. Voo are a pretty peat, indifferent 
fiur too. 

Z749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Root- 
ledge (z866), 168]. I was her pet, and 
came in for the caresses of all the men 
that frequented the house. 

Petard. Hoist with a petard 
(or pbtar), phr, (old).— Caught 
in one's own trap; involved in 
danger meant for others. 

Z596. Shakspeare, /ToMcZr/, iii. 4, 
907. For 'tis the sport to have the enginer 
Hoist with his own petar. 

Pete Jenkins, subs, phr, (drcus). 
— An auxiliary clown. [The ori- 
ginal Pete Jenkins (r. 1855) had a 
line of BUSINESS {q,v, ) : he planted 
'rustics' in the audience, and 
played them thence. 

Peter, sttbs, (Old Cant).— i. A 
portmanteau, box, trunk, bag, or 
purse : generic for any parcel, 
DundlCf or package, large or small. 


or -MAN) = a carriage thi^ {su 
Drag) ; pbtbr-drag (-hunt- 
ing, or -lay) = robbeiy from 
vehicles of all kinds ; pbtbr- 
hunting jemmy = a small crow- 
bar used in smashing the chains 
securing luggage to a vehicle. — 
Grose (17^); Vaux (1819); 
Bee (1823). 

1734. Harper, Frishy Molts Song 
[Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1896), 41]. lo 
you of the Peter Lav. 

1728. Street Robberies Considet^d^ 
' Glossary/ s.v. Peter. 

xTsa. Smollett, Faitf^M Narra- 
tive [Henley, Works (1901), xU. 184I. 
For snabbling his peter and queer Joseph. 

x83a LvTTON, Paul Clifford^ x. If 
so be as your name's Paul, may you always 
rob Peter [a portmanteau] in order to pay 

1863. Storvofa Lancashire Thiif, 

S Sometimes he d turn petbrman, ana 
e had been generally ludcy at it. 




Peter Collins, 

1870. HoKSLXT, In MacmiUmns 
Mag., Oct. While I was lookins about I 
piped a little prtkr (parcelX loieL Afte r 
we left the course we . . . got a PBTBR 
(cash-box) with very near a centnry of 
quids in iL 

2. (Australian prison). — A 
punishment cell : see Box. 

3. (poachers'). — A partridge. 

4. (venery). — The penis : also 
St. Pktbr (^.w.) .• see Prick. 

5. Intf. (old). — ^An oath : (/. 
Mary I 

6. See Pbter-seb-mb. 

7. (old gaming). — See quot. 

1762. Wilson, TJU CkaUs, iv. x. 
Did not I . . . teach you ... the use of 
up-hills, down-hills, and pbtaks.* 

[*Note. Terms applicable to false or 
loaded dice, or to the knavish mode of 
handling them.] 

Verd, (gaming). — i. To call 
(in whist) for trump by discard- 
ing an unnecessarily h4;h card : 
see Blub- PBTBR. 

1887. ^oUs attd Queries 1 7 S. iv. 956. 
The Blue Peter ... is always used when 
a ship is about to start. . .^ . Calling for 
tnunps, or pbtbring, is derived from this 

2. (old). — ^To cease word or 
deed ; to stow it (^.».).— Vaux 


3. (auctioneers'). — To run up 
prices : see Pbtbr Funk. 

To PBTBR out, verb, phr. (col- 
loquial). — To £eu1 ; to become 

1876. Boston Post, 5 May. The 
speculator recommended a gentleman . . . 
to sell out at any sacrifice, as the mines 
were pbtbrbd out. 

1877. New York Tribune, 98 Feb. 

The influence of the Hon. , formerly a 

Democratic politician of some prominence, 
seems to have quite prrxxBD out. 

x888. MisstmH Republican, 15 Feb. 
The Boston HeraU thinks the Hill boom 



sn the 

Bret Hartbi Dou^s Flat, 
Then the bar pxtbrbd out. And the boys 
wouldn't stay. 

1899. M. A. P.J 8 Ap., 315, 2. In 
1869 rumours went abroad that the Com- 
stock mines were petering out. 

Petbr*s nbedlb, verb, phr, 
(old). — ^To be severely disciplmed: 
of children. 

To rob (or BORROW FROM) 

Pbtbr to pay (or clothb) Paul, 
verb, fhr, (old).— To take of one 
to give to another; TO ma- 


—Grose (1785). [John Thirleby, 
the first and only bishop of West- 
minster (1541-50), * ha vmg wasted 
the patrimony allotted by the 
King (Hen. VIII.) for the sup- 
port of the see was translated to 
Norwich, and with him ended 
the bishopric of Westminster.* — 
Haydn, Dignities', see quot. 

1548. Barclay, Eclogues [Percy 
Soc, xxii. p. xviL] They robbb St. 
Pbtbr to cloth St. Paul. 

1653. VnqxjHKRr, Rabelais, iii. iii. 
Yon may make a shift by borrowing 
FROM Pbter to pay Paul {* /ttcics 
versure * ss Lat versurum facere\ and 
with other folks earth fill up his ditdi. 

x66x. Hbtlin, Hist. Ref. Ch. Eng,, 
L 956. The lands of Westminster so oe- 
lapidated by Bishop Thirlby that there 
was almost nothing to support the dignity 
. . . Most of the lands mvaded by the 
great men of the Court, the rest laid out 
tor reparation to the Church of St. Paul, 
pared almost to the very quick in those 
days of rapine. From hence came first 
that significant byeword (as b said by 
some) of ROBBING Pbtbr to pay Paul. 

Peter Collins (theatrical).-— 5«^ 

Peter Funk, 



1889. J. C Coleman [S. J. & C, 
S.V. Peter Collins.] A gentlenutn never 
to be found ... [on whom] young aspir- 
ants . . . are told to call. . . . The youth 
is sent from roof to cellar, and, finally, is 
generally let down a trap and left to get 
out as Dcst he can. The password at 
circuses is the " green-handled rake," 
which the youth is requested to ask for. 
He is generally settled with a pill of 
horse-dung when they have had enough 
of him. 

Peter Funk, svbs, phr. (Ameri- 
can). — I. A decoy at a mock 
auction ; also, at genuine but 
petty sales, a ninner-ap of prices ; 
a PUFFER {g.v.'). Hence (2) the 
personification of petty deceit and 

PETER-QRIEV0U8, Jf^j. /^r. (com- 
mon). — A fretful child. 

Peter-Qunner, subs, phr, (old). 
— An amateur gun ; a plasterer 
(^.».).— Grose (1785). 

1614. Tkt Cold Year [Nares). It 
was a shame that poore harmlesse birds 
could not be suffered to save themselves 
under a bush . . . but that every paltrie 
Pbter-uunner must shoote fire and brim- 
stone at them. 

1633. Shirley. Witty Fair Otu, iL 
a. I smell powaer . . . this peter- 
GUNNER should have given fire. 

Peter Lug, suds, phr, (old). — ^A 
laggard in drinking. — B. E. 
(f.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

Peter- MAN, suds, phr, (old).— i. 
A fisherman : specifically ' those 
who formerly used unlawful en- 
gines in catching fish in the 
river Thames.' — Bailey (1728). 
Whence, peter- boat = a fishing- 
boat : specifically one built sharp, 
bow ana stem, for auick handling. 
[In allusion to Math. iv. 18.] 

1605. Marston, Jonson, and Chap- 
man, Eastward Hoe^ ii, 3. Vet his skin 
b too thick to make parchment; 'twould 
make good boots for a Pbterman to catch 
palmon \xu 

Z607. Dekkbr, Northward Hoe^ iL 
z. If we have but good draughts in my 
PETER-BOAT, fresh salmon, you sweet 
villains, shall be no meat with us. 

1657. Howell, Z^M<fiii^., 14. There 
are a great number of other lund of fisher- 
men— belonging to the Thames, called 
Hebber-men, Pbtermbn, and Trawler- 

2. (thieves'). — See Peter. 

Peter-see- M E, ^«/^j. /An (old).— 
A Spanish wine. [From Sp. 
' Pedra Ximenes,' the £unous 
cardinal.] Also Peter, Peter- 
SA-MENE, and Pbter-semine. 

1617. Brathwaite, VandnnXs 
Four Humoun (Palmer in Stanfi>rd\. 
I am phlegmaticke as may be, Peter see 
ME must inure me. 

i6aa Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Chances^ v. 3. ^ By Canary thus I charge 
thee. By Britain meth<^lin, and pester. 
Appear and answer me in meeter. 

1621. MiDDLETON. Spanish Gypsy^ 
iiL I. IrETER-SES-ME snail wash thy noul, 
And malaga glasses (or thee. 

T630. Taylor, Works^ sig. 2 FfT 4 
r. I. Pbter-see-mba or head strong 

Petman, subs, (provincial).— The 
smallest pig in a litter ; a TAN- 
tony-pig {q,v,), 

Petron el. Sir Petronel Flash, 
subs, phr, (old). — A swaggerer; 
a penniless ruffler ; f«^quot. 1595* 

1505. Florio, WorltU 0/ WordeSt 
«8c Sir Petronel Flash, a boasteing 
felTowe, a braggadochio. 

1605. JoNsoN, Chapman, and 
Marston, Fastward //oe, Diam. Pers. 
Sir Petronel Flash. 

(?]. Brit. BiSL, ii. 167. Give your 
scholler d^rees. and your lawyer his fees. 
And some dice tor Sir Petronell Flash. 

Petticoat, subs, (colloquial).— A 
woman : also as ad/. Hence, 
PETTICOAT - affair = a matter 
with a woman in it ; petticoat- 
government = female home- 
rule ; petticoat-hold = a life 




interest in a wife's estate (Grosb, 


a whoremonger {see Molrower); 


petticoat) = a male keep {q.v.) ; 
petticoat-led =infiituated of a 
woman ; petticoat- loose (of 
women) =* always ready'; UP 
one's petticoat = unduly inti- 
mate, &C. — B. E. {c, 1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

1607. Dbkkbr, Northward Hoe^ v. 
I. Where's this wench to be found? here 
are all the moveable petticoats of the 

1663. Rump Songs, iL 41. The late 
Pbtticoat Squire From his shop 
mounted higher. 

1690. Dryden, Ampkitrvon^ L i. 
Venus may know more than both of us, 
For 'tis some petticx)at affair. 

169a Wilson, Beiphegor^ iv. a. 
Thou shalt supply my place — all petti- 
coats are sisters in the dark. 

C.1707. Old Song, 'The Irish Jigg* 
[Farmer, Merry Songs emd Bmlads 
(1897X iv. 181]. In short I found it was 
one of the Petticoat sort . . . And then 
1 went to her, resolving to try her. 

17x7. Prior, Lucius [Epilogue]. 
Fearless the petticoat contemns his 
Frowns; The Hoop secures whatever it 

1725. Bailey, Coll. Erasmus, 186. 
What does this petticoat-preacher do 
here ? Get you in and mind your kitchen. 

X749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], 356. This . . . made me suspect 
that he was tied to the string of some 
petticoat in the hamlet 

1766. Brooke, Foot 0/ Quality, i. 
199. I am quite impatient to be instructed 
in the policies and constitution of this your 
petticoat government. 

i8:^a Buckstone, Cabdriver, L Do 
you thmk the gentlemen are to have all 
the loaves and fishes? Petticoats must 
be provided for. 

1834. Ainsworth, Rookwood, 11. 6. 
Disarmed — defied by a petticoat . . . 
What ! afraid of a woman? 

1849. KiNGSLEV, Alton Locke, xxviL 
Out came the very story which I nad all 
along dreaded, about the expurgation of 
my poems, with the coarsest allusions to 
petticoat influence. 

18^7. MiTFORD, Romance 0/ Cape 
Frontier, i. i. There was a petticoat in 
the case. 

See Smock. 

Petticoat Vj<hje., subs. phr. (com- 
mon). — Middlesex Street, E. : a 
well-known rendezvous of old- 
clothes dealers, mostly Jews. [In 
Yiddish = Pilomet = the initials 
(in Hebrew) P. L. Also Dover- 
street, Piccadilly, the seat of the 
Court milliner. 

1887. /. D. B., aji. * What do you 
think?' ejaculated SoToman, falling back 
on Pilomet for his expletives. 

1901. D. Telegraph, 9 Nov., 5, 5. 
The dovecotes of Petticoat-lane, as 
Dover-street is now called, and its vicinity 
are fluttered b]^ rumours ot a great invasion 
of London during the Coronation festivities 
by representatives of French firms. 

Petti FOQQER, subs, (old: now 
recognised). — An attorney of the 
baser sort : a sharking lawyer. 
Hence (generally) = one given 
to mean or underhand practices, 
and as verb. = to conduct busi- 
ness in a sharp or paltry way. 
Whence derivatives: Pettifog- 
gery, Pettifogging, and Pet- 
TiFOGULisE.— Grose (1785). 

157C. Fleming, PanopL Epist^yxo. 
As for this petti e fogger, this false 
fellowe that is in no credite or countenance. 

1577. Harrison. Desc. 0/ Eng, 
[HoLiNSHED'sCAr0M.(ShakspeareSoc), 1. 
ao6]. Brokers betweene the pettib 
foggers of the lawe, and the common 

1588. M. Kvffin, 7Wr«rr's-<4«/na, 
iv. 5. I should be exclaimed vpon to bee 
a beggeriy fogger, greedily hunting after 

c.i6oa NoRDEN, spec, Brit, Comiw, 
(i7a8), 27. The baser sorte . . . verie 
liti^ous . , . whereof the Fogers and 
Petie Lawiers . . . gett . . . great ad- 


1 80 


1604. Marston, Malcontent, L 6w 
Pas, You will know me again, Malrole. 
Mai, O ay, by that velvet. Pat. Ay, as 
a PBTTiPOCGBR by his buckram bog. 

x6xa Webster, DeviTs Law Cast, 
iv. x.^ Art. Are you her knave. San, 
No, sir, I am a clerk Ari, You whore- 
son FOGGING rascaL 

1618. Rowley and Middlbton, 
Cure for a Cuckold ^ Dram. Pen. Pbtti- 
POG, an Attorney. 

1697. MiNSHBU, Guide to Tongues^ 
... A PETTiE POGGBR. a silUe aduocate 
or lawyer, rather a trouDle-Toune, having 
neither law nor conscience. 

X709. "^ KKD^ London S^f'ux^, It 
may not be improper to conclude our 
Remarks of this rlace with the Character 
of a Pbttvfoggbr [then follows a descrip- 
tion of upwards of two pages]. 

X749. Smollbtt, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], 138. A plodding pettipogger's 
worthless brood might have gorged . . . 
on the love of a young nobleman . . . like 
yourself. Ibid.^ 1^3. He practised as an 
attorney at Valencia, and bore his faculties 
in all the infiamy of pbttipogging. 

1837. Dickens, Pickwick^ xxxi. 
'Ah, they're smart fellows ; verv smart 
indeed' . . . Messrs. Dodson and Fogg. 
' Thejr are great scoundrels,' said Mr. 

x886. Oliphant, New English^ L 
596. Pbttie pogger of the law ; this 
strange word is the "Dyxlch/okker^ a mono- 

PETTY, subs, (old). — A scholar low 
in the school. 

X693. Hackbt, ArckB, IViUiams^ i, 
vj, Mr. Lamb . . , came, by holding 
fast to Fortunes' middle finger, fronf a 
schoolmaster that taught petties, to a 
proctor in a Christian Court, and so to an 

Pew, subs, (colloquial). — A place 
of abode, or business ; a crib : see 
Diggings. Formerly a box at a 
theatre : see Room. In quot. 
1659 = a sheep-pen. 

X605. Shakespeare, Lear^ iiL q. 
Poor Tom whom the foul fiend . . . hatn 
laid knives under his pillow^ and halters in 
his PEW ; set ratsbane by his porridge. 

x6xi. Webster, Devir% Law Cate^ 
iv. 1. In a PEW of our office ... I have 
been dnr*founder'd ... this four years, 
Seldom found non*resident from my desL 

X659. Milton, Means to Remove 
Hirelings. His sheep oft*times sit the 
while to as little purpose of benefitting, as 
the sheep in their pews at Smythfield. 

Pew-opener's muscle, j«^j. /^r. 
(medical). — A muscle in the palm 
of the hand. [Sir Benjamin 
Brodib : ' because it helps to con- 
tract and hollow the palm for the 
reception of a gratuity.'] 

Pewter, subs, (nautical). — Generic 
for money : specifioilly prize* 
money : see Rhino. 

x84a. Egan, Mackeath^ * The Bould 
Yeoman,' v. Hand up the pewter, far* 
mer, you shall have a share. 

1857. Whitty, Fr, qf Bohemia^ 9^ 
In these days it's the pewter makes the 
rank — and no mistake. By pewter 
Dwyorts meant gold. 

1888. ^ Academy ^ ^ 2^ Mar., 3oa. 
Another trifle to be^ noticed is the anxiety 
for pewter or prize-moaey which . . . 
animated our officers and men. 

Pewy, adj, (sporting). — Enclosed 
by fences so as to form small 

1885. Daily Telegraph, xx Dec. 
Sixty or seventy years since the fences 
were stronger, the enclosures smaller, the 
country more prwv. and the hedges 
rougher and hairier tnan is now the case. 

Pfotze, subs, (venery). — The fe- 
male pudendum: see Mono- 
syllable.— -T. Hall Steven- 
son, Crazy Tales (1762). 

Phallus, subs, (literary). — The 
penis: see Vrick, [Latin.] 

Pharaoh, subs, — i. A corruption 
of • faro.' ^ 

<£x73a. Gay, To Pulteney [Davibs] 
Nanette last night at twinkling Pharaoh 
pl^d. The cards the Tallieradiding hand 




1748. Walpole, Letters,^ 11., 105. 
We divert ourselves extremely this winter ; 
plays. Inlb, masquerades, and pharaom 
are ail in fiishion. 

176a Murphy, Way to Kte^ Him^ i. 
May I never taste the dear delight of 
breaking a Pharaoh bank, &c 

C.I7Q6. WoLCOT, PeUr Pindar^ 349. 
Behola a hundred coaches at her door. 
Where Pharo triumphs in his mad career. 

2. (old). — A Strong ale or beer : 
also OLD Pharaoh : see Swipes. 
—B. E. (r.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

1685. Praise 0/ Yorkskir* AU^ ^ 
Lac'd doffee. Twist, Old Pharaoh, and 
Old Hoc 

dlx704. T. Brown [Works^ iL a86). 
Ezekiel Driver, of Puddle-dock, carman, 
having disorder d his pia maUr with too 
plentiful a nuMning's draught of three 
threads and old Pharaoh, nad the mis- 
fortune to have his cart run over him. 

1839. AiNSWORTH, Jack Sheppard 
[1889], 39. Don't muddle your Drains 
wiUi any more of that Pharaoh. 

One of Pharaoh's lean 
KINE, subs. phr. (common). — A 
thin, spare person : one who looks 
(i) as though heM run away from 
a bone-house ; or (2) as if he were 
walking about to save his funeral 

1^98. Shakspbarb, / Hen, /K, ii. 
4. If to be fiat be to be hated, Uien 
Pharaoh's lban kinb are to be loved. 

1708-X0. SwirTtPoUieCenversatiffM, 
iii. Lady Smari. . . . The Man and his 
Wife are coupled like Rabbets, a fat and a 
lean ; he's as fat as a Porpus, and she's 
ONE op Pharaoh's lean kine. 

Pheasant, suds, (common).— i. A 
wanton. Hence PHEASANTRy = 
a brothel. 

2. See Billingsgate-pheas- 

Pheeze (Pheaze, Feaze, or 
Feize), verd. (old).— To chastise ; 
see Tan. 

1570. Puttbnham, Parthtniadest 
x8a Your pride serves you to pbazs 
them all alone. 

. 1593: Shakspbarb, Tamittg of 
Shrew, Induct. I'll phebsb yon, i^'th. 

x6oa. Shakspeare, Troilus and Cr.. 
iL 3. An he be proud with me, 1*11 
pheeze his pride. 

x6ia JoNSON, Alchemist, v. 5. 
Come, will you quarrel ? I will peizb you, 

Philadelphia-catechism, subs, 
phr. (American nautical). — The 
couplet : — * Six days shalt thou 
labour, and do all thou art able. 
And on the seventh holy- 
stone the decks and scrape the 

Philadelphia- lawyer, subs, phr, 
(common). — A smart attorney: 
hence, TO puzzle (be as smart 

as, beat, or KNOW AS MUCH AS) 

A Philadelphia-lawyer = to 
be a paragon of shrewdness : su 

1876. HiNDLEV, Chtap Jaeh, za8. 
In that style he'd hammer out all the oki 
and usxial ' whids ' which, to persons away 
south of his country, . . . to use a modem 
metaphor, would puzzle half-a-dozen 
Philadelphia-lawyers to understand. 

x88 [?]. Hamilton, Men and Mas^ 
ners, xi. 303. It bnot unusual among the 
lower orders in England, when any knot^ 
point is proposed for discussion, to say it 
would puzzle a Philadblphia-lawybr. 

no lisht at all, and what entertainment is 
afforded by a horse-race run " in camera," 
ONLY A Philadelphia lawyer would 


Philander, verd, (old colloquial : 
now recognised). — To flirt ; to 
SPOON i^.v.) ; to wanton : of both 
sexes. Hence, as suds, (or phi- 
landerer) = a lover: specifically 
a dangler after women. 

1619. Massincbr and Flbtchbr, 
Laws 0/ Candy, Dram. Pers. Philan- 
der, Prince of Cyprus, passionately in 
love with Erota. 




C.Z707. Old Ballad [Dukpkv, Pills 
(1707), iL x6o]. For in your warm Beds 
Your Physick works best ; And tho' in 
the taking Some stirring's required^ The 
motion's so pleasant You cannot be tu''d. 

2. (common). — Strong drink ; 

MEDICINE {q*V,)\ LUSH {q.V.) I 

see Drinks and Screwed. 

3. (pugilists'). — Hard hitting ; 
PUNISHMENT {q.v,) : also as verb, 

4. (gaming). — Losses : wagers, 
points, and so forth. Also as 
verb, — Bee (1823). 

z8ax. Egan, Lift in London^ n, v. 
If you do not get punished in your person, 
yet you may be most preciously physickbd 
in your die. 

PHYZ. See Phiz. 

Pi (or Pie), subs, (printers'). — i. 
Type, jumbled and mixed. [Ordi- 
nanly a compositor, when dis- 
tributing type, reads a line or 
sentence ana is enabled to return 
it to ' case ' with expedition : 
with PI, however, each * stamp ' 
has to be recognised separately.] 
Fr. le pdti : faire du pdti = to 
distribute PI ; German, sswiebel- 
fisch (= *fish with onions'). — 
Bailey (1728). Also as verb, 

d.17^ Frankun, Autobio^,, 176. 
One niffht, when, having imposd my 
formes, I thought my day's work over, one 
of them by accident was broken, and two 
pages reduced to pi. 

1837. Carlyle, Fr. ReooL^ 11. ii. iv. 
Your military ranked arrangement going 
all (as the typographers say of set types in 
a similar case) rapidly to pie. 

2. (booksellers'). — A miscel- 
laneous collection of books out of 

the ALPHABET (^.W.). 

'^^i' (general.) — Virtuous ; 
sanctimonious : e.g, , * He's very 
pi now, he mugs all day ' ; ^ He 
PI -JAWED me for thoking.' 
Whence, Pi -jaw (or gas) = a 
serious admonition ; pi -man s 
Sim {q,v.Y 

looi. To'Dag^^ aa Aug., 194, a. The 
one blot on her staircase was an mdiridnal 
who . . . had turned ostentatiously pious. 
•• I 'ates them pi -men," Mrs. Moggs was 
wont to say, *'aa often as not it^s sheer 

Piazzas. To walk the piazzas, 
verb, phr, (old).— To quest for 
men ; now * to walk the streets.* 
—Bee (1823). [The piazzas 
were those in Covent Garden, 
only a portion of which now 
(1901) remain.] 

Picaroon (pickaroon or picaro), 
subs, (old). — A rogue ; a shab- 
ster : also as verb, = to rob ; to 
prowl in quest of plunder. — B. E. 
^.1696) ; Grose (1785). Also, 

{q, V, ). Su Pick, verb, . I . 

C.1617. HowBLL, Letters^ i. iii. m I 
could not recover your diamond Hatband, 
which the Picaroon snatched from you in 
the Coach, tho' I used all Means Possible. 

x6sjj. MiDDXJiTON, Spanish Gypsy^ 
iL X. The arts . . . used by our Spanbh 
PICAROE5; — ^I ^ mean filching, foistingi 
nimming, jilting. 

1675. Crowns, Country Wil^ iil x. 
These night-corsairs and Algerines call'd 
the Watch, that picaroon up and down 
the streets. 

X749. Smollbtt, GU Blast vii. ii. 
Monsieur de SanttlUne ... I see yoo 
have been in your time a little on thb 


xSax. ^ Scott, Kenihfortk^ xx. Not- 
withstanding thy boasted honesty, friend 
. . . I ^ think I see in thy countenance 
something of the pedlar, something of the 

Picayune, subs, (American). — 
Formerly the Spanish half-real in 
Florida, Louisiana, &c. : now a 
five cent, piece or any small coin. 
Also (generic) money ; rhino 
(q.v,). Whence picayune (or 
PICAYUNISH) = small ; mean ; of 
litde value. [Cf, Title of a 
famous journal, The New Orleans 
Picayune (the price of which is 
five cents).] 




*.i848. N€W York Htrald (Bart- 
lett]. There is nothing picayune about 
the members of St. George's Qub ; for the 
love of sport they will . . . enter upon 
matches tnat other clubs would not accept 

18 PI. Tht WriUriCenhtrv], lii. xxa. 
If only two cents are required, you will 
have prevented a picayune waste. 


(old). — I. Sie quot. 1892. Also 
(2) the ornamental border of a 
broad collar worn by women 
early in 17th century, as in quot. 

x6o7. Dbk KBs and Webster, North- 
vmrd HOy iiL z. A short Dutch waist 
with a round Catherine-wheel fardingale, a 
close sleeve with a cartouse collar, and a 


z6ix. CoTCRAVB, DicLyUy* Picca- 
DiLLES . . . the seuerall divisions or 
peeces fastened together about the brimme 
of the collar of a doublet. 

z6z6. JoNSON, Dnil is an Ass^ ix. x. 
I am not . . . the man ... of that truth 
of PiCARDiL in clothes, To boast a 
sovereignty o'er ladies. 

z63x. Fletcher [? and another], 
Piipim^ iL 2. Do you want a band, Sirr 
Thu is a coarse wearing. 'Twill sit but 
scurvily upon this collar. But patience is as 
good as a French pickadbl. 

x67a R. Lassels, y<n. ItoL^ iL 1x7 
(x6o8). One half of his band about his 
neoc, was a broad bone lace, starched 
white, the other half was made of coarse 
Lawn, starched blew, and standing out 
upou a PiCKYDiLLY of wire. 

X893. Fbnnbll, Stanford Did. , & v. 
PicCADiix ... A stiff collar over which 
an ornamental fall or collar was arranged, 
worn first at the close of the x6th century. 
Perhaps the spelling piccadil was sug- 
Rested by the Italian use of Picardia for 
'hanging,' 'place where persons are 

Piccadilly Butchers (The), subs, 
phr, (military). — The First Life 
Guards. [Having been called out 
to quell the Piccadilly riots in 
1810.] Also "The Cheeses"; 
"The Tm BelHes" ; and "The 
Patent Safeties." 

Piccadilly • crawl, mbs, phr. 
(obsolete). — A walk: modish in 
the Eighties. Cf. Alexandra 
Limp, Grecian Bend, Roman 
Fall, &c. 

Piccaninny (pickaninny, pinka- 
NINNY, &c), subs, (colloquial).— 
A baby ; a child : specifically 
(modem) a child of n^o parents. 
[Originally from pink (an endear- 
ment) = small : su Pigsney.] 
—Grose (1785). 

1696. DuRFBY, puis to Purgt (27x9), 
L 383. Dear Pinckaninny, if half a guuiea, 
To Lord will win ye, I lay it here cbwn. 

1855. Haliburton, Nature €md 
Hunusn Nature^ 59. Let me see one of 
you dare to lay hands on this pickaninny. 

1865. H. KiNGSLEY, Hillyars and 
Burtonst zxviii. Five-and-forty black 
fellows, lubras, picaninnies, and all, at 
my heels. 

1879. P* LoCKBR, T/u Old Cradle, 
You were an exceeding small picaninuv. 
Some nineteen or twenty short summers 

1883. Harper^s Mae, \Century\ 
Ixxvi 809. A poor puny little pickaninny, 
black as the ace of spades. 

Pick, verb, (old colloauial: now 
wrestlers*). — i. To snoot; to 
fling. — Bee (1823). 

Z53a Palsgrave, Lang. Fra$teoyse 
[Halliwell]. I holde a grote I pyckb as 
farre with an arrowe as you. 

z6ia SHAKSPBARBf Coriolanus, L x. 
Il'd make a quarry With thousands ot 
these quarter'd slaves, as high As I could 
pick my lance. 

2. (old : now colloquial). — To 
pilfer ; to choose thievishly : also 
pickber, but, usually to pick 


Also as subs, (or picking) = petty 
larceny (Grose, 1785) : cf. 
(Prayer Book) 'Keep my hands 
from picking ana stealing.' 
Hence picker fpiCKER-up or 
pickeerer) s (i) a petty thief ; 


1 88 Pickle-herring. 

1598. Florio, Worlde of Wordts^ 
Distl9S*a^ alia disdossa^ loosely on ones 
baicke, a pick-a-pack. 

x66> Butler, Hudibrast i. iL 73. 
Mounted a pick-back. 

1665. Hotrur-a-la-motU [Narbs]. 
Some two or three meet in a hole Together, 
their state to condole, Yet none of them 
knowes what they lack Unlesse they'd be 
brought home pick-pack. 

1677. IVrasif^ling: Lovers [Narks). 
He have her to nim, tho it be on pick- 


1678. Cotton, Virril Traotttie 
\Works (2735), xag). And through the 
Fire a-pick a-pack, Bore the okt Sinner 
on his Back. 

^.1704. L'EsTRANGB \Ctntury\ In a 
hurry sne whips up her darling under her 
arms, and carries the other a pickapack 
upon her shoulders. 

PICK-ANO-OAB, subs, phr. (Scots'). 
— A meal of potatoes and salt ; 


Pickers. See Pick, verb, 2. 

Picker- UP, subs, phr, (Stock Ex- 
change). — A dealer buying on 
quotations trickily obtained from 
a member trapped into giving a 
wrong price. 

Pickle, subs, (coUoauial). — i. A 
difficult or disagreeaole position ; 
a plight. Hence, A case of 
PICKLES = a bad breakdown ; a 
serious quandary. 

1609. Skakspearb, Tempest^ v. x. 
How earnest thou in this pickle ? 

1614. Tim^s WkisiU [E. E. T. S.], 
6a But they proceed till one drops downe 
dead drunke, . . . And all the rest, in a 
sweet pickle brought, . . . Lie downe 
beside him. 

1631. JoNSON, TaU 0/ a T%tb^ vL 5. 
I am now in a fine pickle. 

1694. Crowkb, Marritd Beam, iv. z. 
Oh ! pox t IN WHAT A pickle am 1 1 

1697. Vanbruch, Pr&voked IVi/e, iv. 
6. Str/, [covered wit A dirt andllcod]. 
What the plague does the woman squall 
for T Did yon never see a man in a pickix 

1749W Smollbtt, Gii Blasj iv. vL 
Gentlemen, I know this epicure ; it b . . . 
the . . . rector of our university; notwith- 
standing THE PiCKLB yon scc him in now, 
he b a great man ... a little addicted to 
lawsuits, a bottle, and a wendi. 

2. (colloquial). — A wag: speci- 
fically, a troublesome c£Ud : ^, 
Peregrine Pickle (1751), Title, 
Hence pickled = roguish ; wag- 
gish. — B. £. (e.i6c^) ; Grose 


Z706. Farquhar, J?«rrw«/m/'Q^£»r, 
v. ^ Hb poor boy Jack was the most 
comical bastard ... a picklsd (loS • ^ 
shall never forget him. 

1883. Harpev's Mag.^ licxvi. 140. 
Tummas was a pickle— « perfect 'andfuL 

3. (medical students'). — In //. 
= specimens for dissection direct 
from the subject. 

Verb, (common). — To humbug ; 

TO GAMMON {q,V,), 

In pickle, ixdv, phr, (old).— 
Poxed or clapt. — R E. (r.1696); 
Grose (1785). 

A ROD in pickle (or piss), 
subs, phr, (colloquial). — A flogg- 
ing or scolding in reserve ; ' a 
revenge in lavender.' — B. E. 
(f.i6s?); Grose (1785). [As in 
the old school rhyme : — * Rod in 
pickle. Rump to tickle.' In 
the days of authority rods were 
pickled in urine or in brine, 
which elements, it was held, im- 
parted toughness.] 

1678. Cotton, Virgil Traoeetie 
[Works (1735). 126]. Therefore I think it 
not amiss fors To launch, for there are 
Rods in Piss for's. 

Pickle- HERRING (or pickleo- 
H erring), subs, phr, (old).— A 
bufibon : see Buffle. — Grose 

z6o9. Shakspbarb, Twelfth Night, 
i. 5. A pb«ue o' these picklb>hbjuung i 
How now, sot. 




X694. CrowsRj Married Beat/, iv. x. 
I don't Imow what I am now ; a picklb> 
HBKKiNG I think. I'd be loath to meet 
with a hungry Dutch seaman. 

17ZX. Addison, SpeetaioTt No. 47. 
There b a set of merry drolls . . . whom 
every nation calls by the name of that dish 
of meat which it loves best. In Holland 
they are termed picklbd herrings, &c 
\,See Jack Pudding.] 

Pickle-jar, subs, phr, (common). 
— A coachman in yellow. 


phr, (venery). — To copulate. — 
U RQUHART (1653). See Greens 
and Ride. 

Picklock, subs, (venery). —The 
penis \ THE KEY [q,v,) : su 
Prick. — Urquhart (1653) 5 

Pick-me-up, subs, phr, (common). 
— ^A stimulant 

X90Z. Fru Lance, ix May, 133, 3. 
The doctors are said to frown upon the 
new PiCK-MB-up, and to threaten serious 
consequences from its use. 

Pick-penny, subs, (old).— i. See 


2. (old). — A sharper. 

Pick- pie. To turn a pick-pie, 
verb, phr, (old). — To make a 

Pick-purse, subs, (old).— A thief: 
also as adj, = mercenary ;. fraudu- 

</.x599, Dunbar [Laing, IVorks, x6z]. 
Be I ane lord, and not lord like. Than 
every pelour and pursb-pikb. 

Z555* [Mailland, Reformation 
(1849)1 539]. Such PiCK-puRSB matters is 
all the whole rabble of your ceremonies ; 
for all is but money matters that ye main- 

, x^94. Lyly, Mother Bombie, v. 3. 
This IS your old trick, to pick one's pursb, 
and then to picke quarrels. 

X5n« Reasoning' betw. CrossragueU 
and /. Knox, B. iii b. They affirmed— 
Purgatorie to be nothing but a pvkepurs. 

X598. Shakspbare, / Hen, IV., ii. 
X, 54. At hand, t^uoth pick-pursb. Ibid, 
{x6oo), As You Like it, iiL 4. I think he 
IS not a PiCK>PURSB nor a horse-stealer. 

X767. Ray, Proverbs [Bohn], 69. A 
good pojrgain is a pick-pursb; 

PICK8OME, adJ, (colloquial).— Fas- 
tidious ; particular ; given to 
' picking and choosing.' 

x888. Bbsant, Fi/iy Years Ago, 136. 
We were not quite so picksomb in tne 
matter of company as we are now. 

PiCK-THANK, subs, (old).— A toady : 

also as adj, and verb, — Awdbley 

(1567); B. E. (<:.i696); Grose 


14x8. OccLBVB, De Reg, Prin. 
[Roxburgh Club], x 10. He never denyethe 
His lordes resons, but a thankb to pikb. 

i5xa-X3. Douglas, Virgil, ProL 338, 
b.^^ Sum prig penny, sum pykb thank 
with preuy promit. 

X5XV35. Skblton [Dycb, IVorksAu 
60]. There be two tyther, rude and ranke, 
Symkyn Tytyuell and Pbrs Pykthankb. 

15x6. More, Utoi^ia, i. He is 
ashamed to say that which is said already, 
or else to pick a thank with his prince, 

disjj. Gascoignb [Arbbr. English 
Gamer, i. 63]. A pack of pick>thanks 
were the rest. Which came false witness 
for to bear. 

isSo, Lylv, Euphues, A4, b. Fine 
heads will pick a quarrell with me, if all 
be not curious, and flatterers a thankb if 
anie thing be currant. 

X598. Shakspbarb, / Henry ' IV,, 
iii. 3. Which oft the ear of greatness needs 
must hear, By smiling pick-thanks and 
base newsmongers. 

X603. Knollbs, His, Turks, xo8. 
Whereunto were jomed also the hard 
spemrhes of her pickthankb favourites, 
who to curry favell spared not, &a 




perfect picTURB '—child, horse, 
and so forth : also ironically, e,g,, 
a pretty PICTURE = a strange 

Not in the picture, phr, 
(colloquial). — Strange ; inappro- 
priate ; better away ; and (racing) 

Se$ also Lawful Pictures. 
Picture- FRAME. Su Sheriff's 


Picture- HAT, subs,phr, (common). 
— See quot. 

T901. Referee. 24 Ap., 5 3. Th« 
lady who is the subject of the picture [the 
Gainsborough Duchess of Devonshire] set 
a fashion in hats which women continue 
to wear up to the present style. Even 
the Parisian ladies aflfected the style. And 
nowadays no suburban wedding is com- 
plete if the bridesmaids do not wear 
PICTURE HATS, the usual but very foolish 
description of the articles under discussion. 
Ibid.f 9, X. The return of the Gains- 
borough will, we are told^ revive the big 
hat. The amiable " Gainsborough " of 
South Molton-street assures me that the 
PICTURE HAT has never really gone out of 

Piddle, subs, (nursery). — Lant 
{q,v,). Also as verb, = rack 
OFF {q.v.) ; stroan {q,v,), — 
Grose (1785). 

2. (common). — To do lan- 
guidly or to little purpose ; to 
NIGGLE (y.z'.). Hence, fiddler 
= a trifler ; and piddling = 
mean, of small account, squeam- 
ish.— Grose (1785). 

1544. AsCHAM, Toxophilus [Arber], 
117. And so . . . auoyde bothe greate 
trouble and also some cost whiche you 
cunnynge archers . . . put your selues 
vnto . . . neuer ceasynge piddelyngb 
about your bowe and shaftes when they be 
well, but eyther with . . . newe fetheryng, 

f.i6as. MiDDLETON, MayoT ofQuin- 
bcraug^ (1661), V. I. Nine geese, and 
some three larks for piddling meat. 

1629. Massingbr, Picture, iii. 6, 
My lord Hath gotten a new mistress. 
Uhald. One I a hundred . . . They talk 
of Hercules' fifty in a night, 'Twas well ; 
but yet to yours he was a fiddler. 

1632. Shirley, The Changes, ii. 2. 
Let children, when they versify, stick here 
and there these piddling words for want 
of matter. Poets write masculine numbers. 

1690. Crownb, English Friar, ii. 
He ha<i a weak stomach and cant make a 
meal, unless he has a dozen pretty dishes 
to PIDDLE upon. 

^7^3* Pope, Horace, 11. ii. 137. Con- 
tent with little I can piddle here. On 
Inrocoli and mutton round the year. 

<f.i745. Swift [quoted by Maidment]. 
From stomach sharp, and hearty feeding. 
To PIDDLE like a lady breeding. 

d,l^^\. Goldsmith, Criticisms [Cen- 
tury\, A piddling reader .... might 
object to almost all the rhymes of the 
above quotation. 

1902. Hen LBV, Views and Reviews, 
II. xow Though the Castle of Otranto b a 
PIDDLING piece of super •nature. 

Pie, subs, (colloquial). — (i) A mag- 
pie ; and (2) a prating gossip. 
WILY PIE = a sly rogue. 

1369. Chaucbr^ Troiltts. iii. 537. 
Dredeles it clere was in the wynae Of every 
PIE, and every lette-game. 

d. 1 539 . S KELTON, Balietys and Dyties 
[DvcB, i. 24, ^4]. By theyr conusaunce 
knowing how they serue a wily pv. 

1577. Stanihurst, Desc. of Ireland, 
13. Howbeit in the English pale to this 
day they use to tearme a slie cousener a 


c.isSa BetUad of Troilus [Halli- 
well]. Then Pandare, lyke a wylv pvb 
. . . Slept to the tabell by and by, And 
forthe he blewe the candell. 

[?]. M. S. Rawlinson, C358. The 
pyb hathe pecked you. 

3. See Pi, subs.y sense i. 

[More or less colloquial are : — 

To HAVE A finger IN THE PIE 

(or, indeed, any matter) = to 
meddle, to join m : cf. boat ; to 
MAKE A FIB = to Combine with 
a view to profit ; like fib = with 





zest : cf, JAM ; in spite of the 
PIE = obstinately (pie = the Book 
of the Offices of the Church) ; 


(American) = to abandon an en- 
terprise, to take no farther interest 
(Mark Twain). 

160Z. Shaksprarb, Henry VIII.^ i. 
I. No man's pib is prbeo from his 
ambitious fingbr. 

1603-15. Court Jos. I, (1848), I. 37. 
If this aa\ should be found hereafter any- 
ways privy thereto, it cannot be bat that 
Beaumcmt's hand was in thb pib. 

1608. Withal, Dictionaries 39a 
Pertinax in rem aliquam, that is fully bent 
to doe a thing, that will doe it, yea marie 
will he, maugre or in spicht of the pib. 

X749. Smollbtt, Gil Bleu [Rout- 
lbdge], 169. Ik was but fair I should 
have A fingbr in thb earnings. Ibid,t 
oigrj- I was entitled to have a finger in 
the dissipation. 

1767. Rav, Proverbs [Bohn], 159. 
He had a finger in the pie when he 
burnt his mdl off. 

1843. Egan, By^low o/the Jug. ii. 
She taught him soon to swear and he, And 
to have a fingbr in every pie. 

1887. Henley, Culture in Slums^ 
'Ballade' 3. I goes for 'Olman 'Unt 

LIKE pie. 

Piece, subs. (old). — i. A person, 
male or female : often in con- 
tempt. Also (of women) piece 

(or BIT) OF mutton, muslin, 
or GOODS. 

1290. Cursor Mundi^ 634. A wel 
godd PECB [of St. John]. 

1574. R[ichard] B[owbr1, A^ius 
and Virginia [Dodslbv, Old Plays {Hu- 
litt), iv. 135]. O passing piece. 

1604. Shakspbarb, IVinter^s Tale^ 
V. X. 'His princess say you?' . . . 'Ay. 
the most peerless piece.' /Mi/., v. 3. O 
royal piece. 

z6o6. Chapman, Monsieur UOlive, 
V. z. She's but a sallow, freckle-facea 
piece when she is at the best. 

x6o7. Dekkbr, Northward Hoe^ iv. 
I. 'S blood, 1 was never cosened with a 
more rascal piece of mutton. Since I came 
QQt a' the Lower Countries. 

x6z^ JONSON, BesrtkoUnuvt Feur^ L 
z. He u another manner of piece than 
you think for. 

Z639. Massinger, Picture^ vL 6. 
Ubald This ring was Julietta's, a fine 
piece. But very good at the sport. 

Z633. Nabbbs, Totenkam-CourijXx, 
a. She seems a handsome piece. That 
opportunity Would play the Bawd a little 1 

1635. Glapthorne, The Lady 
Mother^ i. 3. She is ... a corrupted 
feice, a most lascivious prostitute. 

z6s5. Strode, Floating Island^ E z. 
This lewde crack'd abominable feice. 

Z673. Wycherlbt, (^iv/ibiMis Z>«M^- 
ing Master, v. r. I am thinking . . . 
what those ladies who are never precise 
but at a play would say of me now : — that 
I were a confident coming piece, I warrant, 
and they would damn the poor poet for 
libelling the sex. 

Z678. Cotton, Scoffer Scoft [ Works 
(1735), 337]. But each one must not think 
to bear So fine a piece as Mulciber, 

z688. Crowne, City Politics^ L z. 
Since she is so weak a piece 111 fortify 

Z749. Smollbtt. Gil Bias [Rout- 
LBDGB (1866), 4). She seemed a pretty 
piece op goods enough, and such a 
stirring body. Ihid.^ 8a ^ Keeping open 
house ... for the votaries 01 pleasure 
. . . She had always two (V three other 
PISCES of damaged goods b the house. 

Z785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue^ s.v. 
Piece . . . A damned good or bad piece : 
a girl who b more or less active and skilful 
in the amorotis congress. Hence the 
{(Cambridge toast. May we never have a 
PIECE (peace) that will injure the Consti- 

Z833. Bbb^ Diet. Tuff, S.V. PiBCB— 
a soldier calls his musket hi< piece, and so 
be calls his trull ; but highflyers are so 
termed — behind their backs. 

2. in pi, (common). — Money ; 
RHINO {q.v.), [From the old 
Spanish ' pieces of eight.*] 

Z558. FoxE, ;if«r/yfrr [Catley (Z843X 
473]. The maid . . .^ having a pibcr of 
money lying by her, given unto her by the 
death 01 a Kinsman of hers . . . brooght 
onto him thirty pounds. 




^.1530. SiCBLTON, Elyiumr Rummyng^ 
233. Then swetely together we ly, As 


1621. JoNSON, News from tkt New 
World [Century]. You should be some 
dull tradesman by your pig-hbaded sconce 

Z607. Dbkkbr and Webster, IVesi- 
ward Hoe ^ v. %. He bleeds ukb a pig, 
for hb crown's crack'd. 

1678. Cotton, Scojfltr Sco/t {Works 
(1725), 185]. Geui. But when I pig'd with 
mine own Dad^ I us'd to make him hopping 

1697. Vanbsuch, Provoked Wi/e^ 
iv. 6. Now, you being as dirty and as 
nasty as myself, we may go pig together. 

1698. Unnaiurai Mother [Nares]. 
By the zide of the wood^ there is a curious 
hansom gentlewoman lies as dead as a 
herring, and bleeds like any stuck pic. 

Z704. Gentleman Instructed^ 5117. 
When reason sleeps extravagance breUes 
loose ; quality and peasantry pig to- 


1749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], 373. He STARED like A STUCK 
PIG at my equipment. 

c.xTSa ToMLiNSON, FUuk Pastoral. 
And Nancy pigged with me wherever I 

^11845. Hood, Tale </* a Trumpet, 
How the Smiths contrived to live and 
whether The fourteen Murphies all pigg'd 

1857. Whitty, Fr. 0/ Bohemia^ 86. 
What narrow stairs 1 How dreadful it b 
that grandfather will stick to this piggy 

<£z85Q. Macaulay. SirWm, Temple. 
But he hardly thinks that the sufferings of 
A dosen felons pigging together on bare 
bricks . . . suited to the dignity of history. 

z8[?]. West. Reutew [Centuryl 
To pig it like the prodigal son. 

i8[?]. Tke En^neerlCenturyl The 
working man here is content to pig it, to 
use an old -country term, in a way that an 
English workman would not care to do. 

x86a George Eliot, Mill on the 
FlosSf L 3. A thoroughly pig-headed 

z888. Henley and Stevenson, 
Deacon Brodie^ iL 4, x. Brodie {search- 
in^)' Where's a hat for the Deacon f 
Where's a hat for the Deacon's headache T 
This place is a piggery. 

2. (old). — A policeman, or 
detective. Also gruntbr: see 
Beak. China street pig = a 
Bow St. officer.— Grose (1785) ; 
Vaux (1819). 

1821. Egan, Li/e in London, l i. 
Do not frown upon me, but stretcn out 
thine hand to my assistance, thou bashaw 
of the pigs, and all but beak ! 

3. (military). — In //. =The 
Seventy-Sixth Foot, now the 2nd 
Batt. West Riding Regiment. 
[From its badge.] Also The 
Immortals (q*v.) and The Old 
Seven and Sixpennies (q.v.). 

4. (printers*). — A pressman: 

cf. DONKEY. 
1841. Savage, Did. s.v. 

5. (common). — Sixpence : see 
Bender, Hog, and Rhino. — 
B. E. (^.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

6. (Cambridge University). — 
See Hog, subs.^ sense 3. 

7. (tailors*). — An utterly spoiled 
garment. Also PORK. 

Colloquial phrases are: — 
A PIG in a poke = a blind bar- 
bargain : Fr. acheter chat enpoche 
(B. £., f.1696; Grose, 1785; 
Bee, 1823); TO STUFF a fat 
PIG IN THE TAIL = to give Un- 
necessarily : TO TAKE one's PIGS 
(or HOGS) TO MARKET = to deal, 
or do business : generally with 


when = a good or bad bargain, to 
succeed or fail (B. E., f.1696; 
Grose, 1785); to drive one's 


snore (Grose, 1785) ; to follow 
LIKE AN Anthony pig = to beg, 
to hang on (Grose, 1785) ; to 
get the wrong sow by the 


BY THE TAIL) = to make a mis- 
take ; WHEN PIGS FLY = Never : 




see Queen Dick ; cold pig = 
{i) ^ ante and add * Grose, 
1785* ; (2) goods on sale when 
returned (Bee, 1823) ; and (3, 
medical) = a corpse, dead-meat 


HOME = to be master in one's 
house (Grose : an allusion to a 
well-known poem and story) ; 
BRANDY IS Latin for pig and 
GOOSE =: an excuse for a dram 
after either (Grose) ; please 
THE PIGS = 'If circumstances 
permit,' * Deo volente ' ; long (or 
-masked) pig = human flesh : 
exposed openly for sale in Hayti 
under this name ; TO teach a 
pig to play on a flute = to 
attempt the absurd or impossible; 
'When a pig is proffered, 
hold up THE poke ' = * Never 
refuse a good offer* ; * You can't 
make horn of pig's tail ' {see 
Sow's ear) ; TO mistake a pig 
for a dog = to act stupidly ; 
child's pig but father's 
BACON = a pretended benefit : as 
when a pet animal is sold ; to 


THE ARSE (Ray) = to be insen- 
sible of a kindness. 

1^83. Chaucbi^ Reeves Tale^ L 358. 
And in the floor, with nose and mouth to 
broke, They walwe as doon two piggxs in 


14 [?]. Douce MS. 53. When me pro* 
fereth the piggb, open the poghe. 

1546. Hbywood, Proverbs^ s.v. To 


1634. Withal, Dict.t 583. Terra 
volat, PIGS KUB in the ayre with their 
tayles forward. 

1678. CorrroH. Scoffer Scoft [IVorks 
(1725)2571. He will not buy a pig a pokb 
IN : But wiaely will bring all things out, 
And see within doors and without. 

1678. Cotton, Virgil Travettie 
[Works (X72O Z22). Thou hast of Hope 
not one Spark left, Th' hast brought thy 
Hogs to a pair Market. 

d.i6&9, T. Brown, Works, ii. 198. lU 
have one of the wigs to carry into the 
oouDtry with me, and please the pigs. 

X7o8-iow Swift, Polite Conversa- 
tions, ii. ^55. I'gad he felt asleep, and 
snored so loud that we thought be was 
driving his hogs to market. 

1748. Smollett, Roderick Random, 
XV. Strap with a hideous groan observed 
that we bad brought our pics to a finb 
MARKET. Ibid., Hump Clinker (177XX 
Roger may carry his pics to another 


d, i8zo. WoLCOT (* Peter Pindar').[BBB). 
' .\nd then for why, the folk do rail ; To 

stuff an old FAT PIG l' TH' TAIL,— Old 

gripus of Long-Leat.' 

1853. Lytton, My Novel, v. xvii 
' Please the pics,' then said Mr. Avenel 
to himself, ' I shall pop the question.' 

1890. BoLDRBWooD, Squottet^s 
Dream, 50. Of course I must see them 
... I never buy a pig in a poke. 

x8q6. Stevenson, South Seas [Edin. 
XX. 84]. While the drums were going 
twenty strong . . . the priests carried up 
the blood-stained baskets of long pig. 

X900. NiSBET, Sheep's Clothing, 201. 
He felt that he bsid sold his pigs in a 
BAD MARKET. If he had waited he might 
have met the right woman with even a 
larger dower. 

PiQ AND TINDER-BOX, Subs, pkr. 

(old).— The Elephant and Castle. 

1821. ECAN, Life in London, 11. iii. 
Toddle to the Pic and Tinder-box, they 
have got a drap of comfort there. 

PiQ AND Whistle Light Infantry 

(The), subs, fhr, (military). — 
The Highland Light Infantry, 
formerly the 71st and 74th Regi- 
ments of Foot. 

PiQ- EATER, subs. (old). — ^An endear- 

Pigeon (or Stool-pigeon), subs, 
(old). — I. A dupe ; a gull {q.v.)\ 
a FLY {q,v.)\ €/. ROOK and 
SPIDER [cf. Thackeray's title, 
Captain Rook and Mr, Pigeon']. 
Hence, as verb, (or TO pluck a 
PIGBON = to swindle.) Fr. un 




ptgeoHf un dindon, or un tordu ; 
Sp. palamo (= pigeon), or son- 
grado (= subject for bleeding); 
It. unspagnuolo. — Gross (1785) ; 
Bee (1823). 

X585. Les Dialopus dt Jacgves To- 
kureau. Je me defneroy tantost que tu 
serois un de ceux qui ne se laissent si 
facilement pigbonner ^ telles gens. 

lyaa Obstrvtr^ Na 37. He's 
pigbon'd and undone. 

1740. Smollbtt. Gil BUu [Rout' 
LBDGB (z866), X46]. A flatterer may play 
what same he luces against the pigeons of 
high life I They let you look over their 
hand, and then wonder that you beat them. 

x83z. Egan, Lift in London^ 11. i. 
Always on the look out for a ' good cus- 
tomer.' He, however, prefers pigeons. 

1831. Disraeli, Young Duhe^ iv. vL 
Lord Castlefort was the jackal to these 
prowling beasts of prey : looked out for 
pigeons, and got up little parties to 
Richmond or Brighton. 

1871. Levant Herald^ 32 Feb., 
' Gambling Table at ConstanUnople. ' The 
police agents . . . made a sudden raazia 
. . . Catching some of the croupiers, bon- 
nets, and pigeons in/ragrante delicto. 

z888. Henley and Stevenson, 
Deacon Brodie^ L i, 7. Smith, I've 
trapped a pigeon for you. Brodie, Can't 
you PLOCK him jrourself f 

Z897. Referee, Z4 Mar., x, z. These 
senators could differentiate between the 
claimants and debtors who knew the ropes, 
the hawks who harried pigeons, and, 
generally speaking, the straight and Uie 

z<;|oz. Pali Mall G€u.t 13 Nfay, 7, 3. 
A plaintiff objected to the description of 
*' moneylender,"^ and explained that he 
had many other interests oesides the lend- 
ing of money — for instance, he was devoted 
to birds. ' Pigeons ? " asked the judge. 

2. (old). — See qaots. and cf. 

sense i. 

X785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 
Pigeons. Sharpers, who, during the 
drawing of the lottery, wait ready mounted 
near Guildhall, and, as soon as the first 
two or three numbers are drawn, which 
they receive from a confederate on a card, 
ride with them full speed to some distant 
insurance office, before fixed on, where 

there is another of the gang, commonly a 
decent-looking woman, who takes care to 
be at the office before the hour of drawii^ : 
to her he secretly gives the number, whioi 
she insures for a considerable sum : thus 
biting the biter. 

1833. Bee, Diet. Tutf^ s.v. Pigeon 
... "To pigeon the news' is to send 
information by cairier pigeon. So fellows, 
who ran or rode with news surreptitiously 
obtained,^ received the name of pigeons 
from their occupation. 

3. Su Blub Pigeon. 

4. (colonial). — Business : see 
Pigeon English. [The Chinese 
pronunciation of the English 

Paul's pigeons, subs. phr. 
(school). — The scholars of St 
Paul's school. 

x663. Fuller, lf^<w/^Vx (London). L 
65. St. Anthonie's Pigs {so were toe 
sdiolars of that School [City of London I 
commonly called, as those of St. Paul, 
Paul's Pigeons). [Fuller refers to 
Stowe's Survey as hb authority.] 


phr. (old). — * To attempt impos- 
sibilities, to be put to shifts for 
want of money.'— Grose (1785). 
Cf. Pigeon's-milk. 

Phrases more or less collo- 
quial are : — Pigeon-breasted = 
with protruding breast ; pigeon- 
hearted (or livered) = timid ; 
pigeon-toed = with tumed-in 
toes ; pigeon- wing = (i) a late 
i8th century mode of dressing 
the side hair : now American, (2) 
a wig so called, and (3) a brisk 
step or caper in dancing, skating ; 
TO shoot at a pigeon and 
kill a crow = to blunder wil- 

1596. Shakspeare, Hamlet^ 3. I 
am pigeon-livbr'd, and lack gall "ro make 
oppression bitter. 

x63x. Fletcher, Pilgrim, iiL 4. I 
never saw such pigbon-heartbo people. 

Pigeon English. 197 Pigs-and-whistles. 

X740 SMOL.LBTT, Gil Bias [Rout. 
LBDGBlTaaB. Yet he was not so figbon. 
LiVBHBD as to surrender without an effort 
in my favour. 

1836. Clakkb, OlUpodiana Papers, 
One haw-buck danccr^-a fellow whom I 
caught in several vulgar attempts to 
achieve a pigbon-wing — came up to me 
with an impudent air. 

1837. Barham, IngoldAv Legends^ 
'Dead brummer,' ii. 171. Tne pigeon- 
TOBO step and the rollicking motion, Be- 
spoke them two genuine sons of the ocean. 

PiQEON English (or Pioqin), subs, 
phr, (colonial). — A jargon serving 
as a means of inter-commtinica- 
tion between the Chinese and the 
Engli!^-speakine races all over 
the worla : alike in Shanghai 
and San Francisco. [A corruption 
of ' business- English ' — business 
— bidginess — bidgin — pidgin — 

PlQEON-HOLE, subs, phr, (printers'). 
— I. An over- wide space between 
printed words ; a rat- hole (^.v.). 

2. (Winchester College). — A 
small study. 

3. (venery). — ^The female pu- 
dendum ; the BREADWINNER 

(^.v.) : see Monosyllable. 

Pigeon-hole soldiers, s%U>s, 
phr, (military). — Clerks and or- 

1871. Echo^ I July, *The Guards' 
Review.' Now and then I observed a 
little confusion, but thi« was caused by a 
number of pigbon-holb soldibrs who 
scarcely ever do any duty in the ranks. 

PiQEON-PAiR, subs, phr, (old).— - 
Twins of opposite sex. [Pigeons 
lay two e|;gs which usually hatch 
as a pair. J 

PtQEON'8-MiLK, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — An imaginary product in 
ouest of which fools are sent : cf, 
dTRAP-oiL, Squad umbrella, 

&c— Grose (1785). Hence to 
MILK THE pigeon = to attempt 
impossibilities. [The idea is ola : 
cf, Aristophanes in Aves (line 

1883. FftKK&t Birds of Aristophanes. 
iiL p. 75. Here you shall domineer and 
rule the roast. With splendour and opu- 
lence and pigbon's milk. 

PiQQOT, verb, (political : obsolete). 
— To forge. [A reminiscence of 
the Pamell Commission : the ex- 
pression was bom in the House of 
Commons, 28th Feb. , 1889. ] Cf, 
Sausbury ; Burke; Boycott ; 
Maffick, &c 

WHIDOEN), subs, phr, (familiar). 
— A pet pig : hence, a comic 
endearment (see Drayton, Nym- 
phidia^ where it is used as the 
name of a kind of Puck). [From 
piggy = a diminutive -h whiddy 
= white.] 

1 678. Cotton, Scoffer Scofft ( Works 
(17*5)1 '97]> y^le. What such a nazardly 
pigwiggbn, a little Hang-strings in a 

PiQ-POKER, subs, (old). — ^A swine- 

PiQ-RUNNiNQ, subs, phr, (old).— 
Su quot. 

1785. Grosb, Vu^. Tomeuet s.v. 
Pig Running. Apieceofgame n^equently 
practised at fairs, wakes, &c. A large piK, 
whose tail is cut short, and both soaped 
and greased, being turned out, is hunted 
by the young men and boys, and becomes 
the property of him who can catch and 
hold him by the tail, above the height of 
his head. 


pigs-and-whistles, verb phr, 
(Scots). — To be ruined. 

i8ot. The Hat^si Rig, 48. The 
back-ga'en fell ahint, And couldna stand ; 


left the land. 




i8aa. Galt, Entail^ i. 9. I would be 
nane surprised the mom to hear that the 
Nebuchadnezzar was a' ganeto pigs and 
WHISTLES, and driven out wi' the divors 
bill to the barren pastures of bankruptcy. 

PIG-8CONCE, subs. (old). — A lout ; 
a dullard : see Buffle. 

T659. Massinger, City Madam, Hi. 
X. Dtnr: He is no pig-sconce mistress. 
Secret. He has an excellent headpiece. 

1879. Meredith, Egoist, xxxviL 
These representatives of the pig-sconcbs 
of the population. 

Piq'8-ear (or -Luo), subs, phr, 
(tailors*). — A very large lappel 
collar or flap. 

PiQ*8-F00T, subs, phr, (American). 
— A short cloven crowbar ; a 
JBMMY {q.v.\ 

PIG8KIN, subs, (racing). — A saddle. 
Hence knight of the pigskin 
= a jockey. 

d.xZ^o. Dickens [quoted in Ceniury\ 
He Mras my governor, and no better master 
ever sat in pig-skin. 

1898. Snorting Timet, 26 Nov., \, 3. 
After a few cutys' rest he was in the saddle 
and has again electrified English turf 
followers by riding rings around their 
crack knights of the pigskin. 

PIQ8NEY, subs. phr. (old). — A girl : 
an endearment : see Titter. 
Hence (2), a woman's eye. — B. E. 
(^.1696); Grose (1785). 

13 [?] Chaucer, Rrmetiie of Loue 
[Ency. Diet.]. Come hither, ye pigges- 
NVE, ye little babe. 

<£z529. Sk ELTON [DVCB, IVorks, i. 20, 
19]. Good mastres Anne . . . What 
prate ye, praty pyggsnev. 

1534. Udall, Roister^ Doister [Ar- 
BEK, L 4, p. 27J. Then ist mine oune 
PVGS nie, and blessing on my hart. 

1580. Sidney, Arcadia^ -rrj. Miso, 
mine own pigsnib, thou sbalt have news 
of Dametas. 

</.i588. Tarlbton, Hort* Loade 0/ 
PooUs [Halliwbll]. The player fool^ 
deare dairling pigsnie. 

1594. Lyly, Mother Bombie, iL 3. 
Pigsnie is put up, and . . . I'le let him 
take the aire. 

i6ax. Burton, Anai. Melon, in., tL 
4, I. Ail the pleasant names may be in- 
vented ; bird . . . lamb, puss . . . pigs- 
NEy, hony, love, dove ... he puts on her. 

Z665, Homer-a-la'Mode[t^KKBs\. As 
soon as she close to him came. She spake 
and call'd him by his name . . . Picsmr, 
Quoth she, tell me who made it cry. 

PiG-STiCKCR, subs, (common). — i. 
A pork-butcher. 

2. (common). — A long-bladed 
pocket-knife ; and (3) a sword. 

PIQ-8TY, subs. phr. (printers').— I. 
The press-room. See Pig, subs, 
sense 4. 

2. (common). — A place of 
abode or business : see Diggings. 

Pig's- WHISPER, subs. phr. (com- 
mon) = I. A grunt. 

2. (common). — A very short 
space of time [t.^., as brief as a 
grunt]. Bee (1 823). Also (Ameri- 
can), pig's-whistle. 

1836. Dickens, Pickwick, zxxiu 
Youll find yourself in bed in something 
less than a pig's whisper. 

Pig-tail, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 

2. (Stock Exchange). — In pi. 
= the Shares of the Chartered 
Bank of India, Australia, and 
China : see Stock Exchange. 

PiQ-YOKE, subs. phr. (nautical).— A 

^ 1836. Makrvat, Midshipman Easy, 
XIV. Mesby agreed with Jack that this 
WAS the • ne plus ultra ' of naviEati(»i ; and 
that old SnuUlsole could not do better with 
his PIG-YOKE and compasses. 




Pike, mbs, (common). — i. A turn- 
pike road ; and (2) = a tramp, a 
gypsy (also PIKEY and piker) : 
as verb = to walk (also TO pike 
OFF, and TO TIP A PIKE) : whence 

TO PIKE ON THE BEEN = tO hook it 

for all one's worth. Hence pike- 
keeper (or pikeman) = a toll- 
keeper ; TO BILK A PIKE = tO 
cheat a toll-gate. 

15 tn. Par lament of Byrdts [Haz- 
LiTT. Early Pop. Poet. iiL 180]. When 
his tethers are pluked he may him go 


c.xsTo. Ane Ballot iff Afatrymonie 
f Laing, Pop, Poet. Scotland^ iL 77]. He 
bad them then go pyke them home. 

171 2. Shirley, Triumph 0/ fVit. 
* Budg and Snudg Song,' 2. We file off 
with hb cole As he pikbs along the street. 
Uid., 'The Black Procession.' Tho' he 
TIPS THEM A PIKE, they oft nap him again. 

C.1789. Farkkr, Safufman's IVeddtfig- 
[Farmer, Muea Pedestris (1896), 65X 
Into a booze-ken they pike it. 

1896. HioKiXS.Songt ' Flashey Joe * 
Farmer, Afusa Pedestris (1896), 07]. 
So I'll pike ofp with mv mack'ral And 
you may bolt with your salt cod. 

1837. Dickens, Pickwick^ xxiL 
' What do you mean by a pike-keeper ? ' 
enquired Mr. Peter Magnus. 'The old 
'nn means a turn-pike keeper' . . . ob- 
served Mr. Weller. 

1857. Hughes, Tom Broom's School- 
daySf L iv. Then there was . . . the 
cheery toot of the guard's horn to warn 
some drowsy pikeman, or the ostler at the 
next change. 

1874. Borrow, Wordbooh^ . . . The 
people called in Acts of Parliament, sturdy 
oeggars and vagrants in the old cant 
language Abraham men, and in the modem 

x888. ^ Besant, Fifty Years Ago^ 43. 
The turnpike has gone, and the pikeman 
. . . has gone . . . and the gates have 
been removed. 

3. (American : Southern States). 
'—A poor white. 

1873. NoRDHOFF. CeUifomia, 137. 
The true pike ... is the wandering, 
gipsy-like southern poor white. 

4. (venery).— The penis: see 

x6oo. Shakspeare, Much Ado, v. a. 
You must put in the pikes with a vice ; 
and they are dangerous weapons for maids. 

Verb. (old). — i. See subs., 
sense i. 

2. (old). — To die : also to 
PIKE OFF : see Hop the Twig. 

3. (American gaming). — To 
play cautiously and for small 
stakes. Hence piker = a mode- 
rate punter. 

To pass the pikes, verb, phr, 
(old). — To be out of danger. — 
B. E. (£:.i696). 

1648. Herrick^ Hesperides^ 'His 
Cavalier.' This a vurtuous man can doe, 
Saile against Rocks, and split them too : I ! 
and a world of Pikes passe through. 

</.x663. Sanderson, Works^ iL 45. 
Neither John's mourning nor Christ^ 
piping can pass the pikes. 

1675. Hackbt, Tratufig. (3rd Ser.X 
There were many pikes to be passed 
through, a complete order of afflictions to 
be undergone. 

To GIVE THE PIKE, verb, phr, 
(old). — To dismiss : see Bag and 

Pike I (or Prior pikc), intj, 
(schools*). — An assertion of prioi 
claim or privil^e; Bags (or 
Bags I). 

Piker, subs, (common). — i. See 
Pike, subs, i and z/erb, 3. 

2. (Australian). — Wild cattle. 

Pikestaff, subs, (venery). — The 
penis: see Prick. 

See Plain. 


20 1 


2. (old).— A. person of ripe age: 
see Antique. 

d. 1605. Stow [Ct$Uury\. He will soon 
be a PKBLBO GARUC like myself. 

Pilgrim, Jii^x. (American). — i. See 

1875. L. Swinburne [in Scrihtur^s 
Monihlyy IL so8]. Pilgrim and ' tender^ 
foot' were fonnerly^ applied almost ex> 
dusively to newly imported cattle, bat 
by a natural traosKrence they are usually 
used to designate all new-comers, touri&ts, 
and busines8*men. 

2. (Western American). — In 
//. = cattle on the drive. 

1889. Roosevelt, Ranch Life, 
Pilgrims . . . that is animals driven up 
on the range from the South, and therefore 
in poor condition. 

Pilgrim's-salvc, subs, phr, (old). 
—Excrement; shit (^.v.). — 
Grose (1785). 

x67a Mod, Acamni iff Scotland 
[HarL Misc,^ vL 137]. The whole pave- 
ment b pilgrim-salvb, most excellent to 
liquor shoes withal, and soft and easy for 
the bare-footed perambulators. 

PlLttRIM'S - STAFF, Stibs, phr, 

(venery). — Ihit penis: see Prick. 

Pill, subs, (common). — i. A black 
balloting ball : see Blackball. 
Also as verb, = to reject by ballot. 

1855. Thackeray, Newcomes, xxx. 
He was coming on for election at Bays, 
and was as nearly pilled as any man I 
ever knew in my life. 

190X. ^rv^ZoiMrr, t7Ap.,74, X. The 
ex-acrobat, as every one knows, was badly 
pilled— some people being malicious 
enough to say that, although he had a 
pnroposer and a seconder, diere was not a 
single white holX I 

2. (common). — A disagreeable 
or objectionable person ; a bore 
{q.v.) : also of events — *a bitter 


<i.i55«. UoAtL, Luke IK [CemHtry], 
Yet cannot the! hhyde to swallow down 
the holsome fii,lb of vintie, being bitter 
m their mouths. 

158a Lvlv, Etipkmost 468. Think- 
ing . . . that the time was past to wo(o]e 
hir . . . I digested the Pill which had 
almost [choakt] me. 

1505. Shakspbarb, Two GontUmon^ 
n, 4. Vol O, flatter me ; for love delights 
in praises. Pro. When I was sick you 
gave me bitter pills, And I most 
minister the like to you. 

1719. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rotrr- 
ledge], X91. This decision was a bitter 
PILL for me to swallow. 

c.iiox, Jefperson, To Madison\^hV- 
CROPT, Hist. Const, t I. 430. He said the 
renunciation of this interest was a bitter 
PILL which they could not swallow. 

X807. Maugham, 'Ztsa ^Lasnbetk, 
iii Well, you are a pill. 

3. (common). — A drink ; a GO 
{q.v,) : see Drinks. 

4. (American). — A ballet : also 
BLUE-PILL (ig,v,), 

x8[?]. Drakes Ma^,, 'He Died 
Game' [S. J. and C.j. lie had always 
told him he'd run plumb ag'in' a pill 
some day if he wan't blanked careful like. 

Verb, I. See subs, i, 

2, (University). — To twaddle; 
to talk platitudes. 

The Pills, subs, phr, (mili- 
tary). — The Royal Army Medical 
Corps. Also *'The Licensed 
Lancers"; "The PoulUce Wal- 
lopers " ; and " The Linseed 
Lancers." Also (generally) pills 
= a doctor or surgeon. 

1899. Casselts Saturday Journal. 
15 March, x, i. " Pills, are tbev all mad 
on board that vessel, or merely drunk, as 

To GILD THE PILL, verb, fhr, 
(colloquial). — To sweeten a bitter 
thing, soften a hard thing, beautify 
an ugly thing, explain away a 
sure thing; to present the in- 
evitable- as though it were op- 
tional : TO GAMMON {q.v,). Also 




1613. Webster, Wkitt Devil^ UL 3. 
I discern poison under yotir gilded pills. 

1740. Smollett, Gil Blas^ iv. iiL 
I . . . began to GILD THE pill, and . . . 
prove that thb mad project was no more 
than an asreeable frolic Ibid, iv. viL 
The good old man . . . gilded the pill 
I was to swallow with a present of fifty 

189^ CrrVic, 8 Ap., ^,3. He quotes 
Goldsmith, then himself; his 
to gild the pill. 

desire oeing 

To PILL AND POLL, verb, phr, 
(old). — To pillage and strip : 
specifically m modem asi^ 
(thieves'), to cheat a comrade of 
his RBGULARS (^.v.) : Fr. faire 
VisgardL Whence (poll-thief, 
or poller) = (i) a thief; and 
(2) an informer. 

</.x5a9. Skblton [Dycb, IVcrkx, iL 39]. 
With poLLYNG and shaving. Ibid. [L 204]. 
Like voluptuous harlottes, that ... to 
haue their goodes, presenteth ^ to them 
their beddes, for to take their camall 
desires, and after they haue taken all their 
dispones, they pill them as an onion. 
Ibid., Meuur of Worlds 147. So many 
baudes and pollers, Sawe I never. Ibid.. 
Colin Clouty 363. By poolynge and 
pyllage In cytyes and vyllage. 

1^48. Hall, Union [Halliwell]. 
And have wirnked at the pollyng and 
extorcion of hys unmeasnreable offiders. 

d.is77' Gascoignb, h. 3 b. [Nakss]. 
Bicause they pill and poll, because they 

Z587. HoLUNSHED, Hist, Irelondf 
F7, col. 2a. Kildare did use to pill and 
POLL his friendes, tenants, and reteyners. 

x^ Spekser, Fatrie Qnten^, v. iL 
6. Which POLS and pils the poor in 
piteous wise. 

X507. Shakspearb, HicA. //., iL i. 
The Commons he hath fill'd With 
grievous taxes, and quite lost their hearts. 
Ibid., Hick. ///., I. Hear n^e, ^ou 
wrangline pirates, that fell out In sharing 
that which you have pill'd from me. 

1600. W. Kemp, Nine Dayf Won- 
dtr [Arbek, EngUih Garner^ vii. p. 37). 
One that . . . would Pol his father. 
Derick hb dad 1 do anything, how ill 
soever, to please his apish humour ! 

z6za Mirr. for Magisirmtes^ 370. 
The prince therel^ presumed his people 
for TO PILL. Ibid. 467. Can pill, and 
POLL, and catch before they crave. Ibid, 
They would not bear such polling. 

1631. Burton, Anatomy o/MtL, 41. 
Great man in office may sectirely rob whole 
provinces, undo thousands, pill and poll. 

</.z636. Bacon, /udicature [<)uoted in 
Centupyftom edition 1887]. Neither can 
justice yield her fruit with sweetness among 
the briars and Inambles of catching and 
polling clerks and ministers. 

1648. Herrick. Hgs/orides, 'Duty 
to Tyrants.' Doe they nrst pill thee? 
next, pluck off thy skin ? 


X675. Crowne, Country IVit, iL . . . 
'Tis a rare thing to be an absolute Prince, 
and have rich subjects. Oh, how one may 
pill 'em and poll 'em. 

X893. Emerson, Li^po^ v. I ^>ose 
he wanui to accuse tis of polling — a tning 
I never done in my life, and I know my 
other pals are as straight as darts. Ibid,^ 
vL I have often met honourable robbers 
since like the poller. 

Pillar. Su Post. 

Pill- BOX, sttbs, phr, (common). — 
A small brougham. 

1857. .Dickens, Little Dorrit,xxxuL 
She drove into tovm ma one-horse carriage, 
irreverently called at that period of Eng- 
lish history, a pill>box. 

2. (common). — ^A soldier's cap. 

3. (American). — A revolver or 
gan. Also pill- bottle. See 

LER). — ^An itinerant apothecary : 
see Trades and Professions. 

1763. FooTE, Mayor of Garret^ L 
There has, Major, been here an impudent 
PILL-MONGER, who has dar'd to scandalise 
the whole body of the bench. 

Pillicock (Pillock or Pilicock), 
subs, (venery). — I. The/«fw.* su 
Prick. Hence pillicock-hill 
= the female pudendum. Also 
(Burns and Jamibson) pillib. 




[?]. Reliq, Antiq.^ u. azx.^ Ye ne 
may no more of love done, Mi pilcoc 
pineth on my schone. 

1539. Lyndsay, Thrie Estaiiis^ 
1. 4419. Methink my pillock will nocht 
ly doon. 

1598. Florid, WorUU of Wordes^ 
DolcemelU . . . Also taken for a mans 


x6o«. -Shakspbarb, AVms^ Ltar, Hi. 
iv. £a£, PiLLicocK sat on PUlicock-hilL 

x6i:. CoTGRAVE, Dutf S.V. Turt- 
btrtan and Vitaultf a pillicock, a man's 

1653. Urquhart, RabtlaU^ \. xi. 
Secy pleasantly would pass their time in 
talung you know what between their 
Angers and dandling it . . . One of them 
would call it her pillicock, her fiddle- 
diddle, her staff of love, &c. 

1710. DURFEY, Wit and Mirth^ 
Song. When pillicock came to his lady's 

d.1796. BintNS, Merry Musts ... He 
followed me baith out and in, Wi' a stiff 
standin' pillib. 

1879. Davenport Adams, Shak- 
^ares IVorks [Howard ed., p. xai6]. 
Note on Pillicock . . . Lear's mention 
of bis/siican daughters suggests this word 
— a cant term of familiar licentiousness — to 

2. (obs.). — An endearment. 

1598. Florid, Worlds of Wordes^ 
38a. A prime-cocke, a pillicockb, a 
darlin, a beloved lad. 

i6x X. Cotgravb. Did, , s. v. Vitault, 
A great toole, or one tnat has a good toole, 
also a flattering word for a jroung boy like 
our my pretty pillicockb. 

X653. Urquhart, Rabelais, i. xli. 
By my faith, saith Ponocrates, I cannot 
tell, my pillicock, but thou art more 
worth than gold. 

Pillory, subs, (old). — i. A baker : 
see Trades and Professions. — 
B. E. (f.1696). 

2. (old : now recognised). — 
See quot. 

r.x696. B. E., Diet. Cant, Crew^ s.v. 
Pillory . . . also a Punishment mostly 
heretofore for Beggers, now for Perjury, 
Forgery and suborned Persons. 

Pillow- MATE, subs.phr. (common). 
— I. A wife ; and (2) a whore : 
see Dutch and Tart. 

Pill- PATE, subs, (old).— A friar ; a 

d,\$jo. Becdn, WorkSf \L 3x5. These 
smeared pill-pates, I would say prelates, 
first of all accused him, and afterward^ pro> 
nounced the sentence of death upcm him. 

Pi-MAN. See Pi, adj. 

PIMGINNIT, subs, (old).— 'A large, 
red, angry Pimple.' — B. E. 
(^.1696). Cf. Old Saying, * Nine 
PIMGENETS make a pock royal.' 

x69|. DuNTON, Ladies Diet. 
[Naresj. Is it not a manly exercise^ to 
stand licking hu lips into rubies, pantinjg 
his cheeks into cherries, parchmg his 
PIMGINITS, carbuncles, and buboes. 

Pimp, subs, (common). — i. A pan- 
der ; a cock-bawd : also pimp- 
WHiSKiNG(j^quot. 1696). Hence 

. as verb. = to procure. — B. E. 
(£-.1696); Grose (1785). 

x638.^ Ford, Fancies^ i. a. 'Tis a 
gallant life to be an old lord's pimp- 
WHISKIN : but beware of the porter's lodge 
for carrying tales out of the schooL 

1681. DKVDKSfAbsolamaMdAeAit., 
i. 81. But when to sin our biassed nature 
leans, The careful Devil is still at hand 
with means, And providently pimps for ill 

C.X696. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew^s.'v, 
Pimp. Ibid Pimp>whisking, a Top 
Trader that way ; also a little mean-spirited 
narrow-soul'd Fellow. 

d.i242. Bailey, Erasmus, ' The Pro- 
fane Feast' Go hang yourself, you Pimp. 

1890. Century Dict.^ s.v. Pimp. 
This explanation [Skeats] is, however, 
inadequate; the word is apparently of 
low slang origin, without any recorded 

2. (old). — See quots. 

X734-7. Dbpob, Tour through Gt. 
Britain, L 138. Here they^ make those 
faggots . . . used in taverns in London to 
light their fagots, and are called ... by 
the woodmen pimps. 




do not set my life at a fin s fee. 

(T[. Sir Andnw Bartcn (Child, 
Bailads, vil ao6). And tbo' be cared not 
a PIN For him and his company. 

1633. Masmyon, FtMt Cffm/an., 11. 
L 68. 1 do not care a pin for her. 

1678. Cotton, K/^/ Trmtestie 
[Works (1725), 90J. But neither by the 
Nap, nor Tearing, Was it a Pin the worse 
for wearing. 

r.1707. DURFBY, Pills (1707), ii. 1X2. 

For her Favour I cars not a Pin. 

i7o8«ia Swift, Polite Comfsrsation, 
I Here's a Pin for that Lye ; I'm sure 
L,yskT% had need of good Memories. 

d.1796. BvttHS. Poems iGlo6s)tio. My 
memoiVs no wortn a prkbn. 

1886-96. Marshall, * Pomes' /rom 
the Pink^Un [' Boycotting the Author '), 
44. Not caring a pin iT the loti<m was 
whiskey or unsweetened gin. 

1887. Stbvbnson, Undtrwoods. 
' The Scotsman's Return.' A bletherin^ 
clan, no worth a prkbn. As bad as Smith 
o' Atberdeen. 

189a BoLDRBWOOO, Souaitev^s 
Dream^ 157. For two pins Id put a 
match in every gunyah on the place. 

4. (old : now recognised). — A 
measure containing four-and-a- 
half gallons, or the eighth part 
of a barrel.— B. E. (f.1696). 

Verb, (thieves*).— To steal ; TO 
NAB (^.w.)- 

Phrases :— To be down pin 
s to be out of sorts ; TO put in 
THE PIN = to stop, arrest, or pull 
up : as a habit or indulgence ; TO 


hang on ; TO PIN down (or TO 
THE ground) = (i) to secure, 
(2) to make sure, and (3) to 
attack with no chance of escape ; 
pinned to a wife's tail = 
petticoat-led; TO pin one's 

FAITH TO (or upon ONE'S 

sleeve) = to trust implicitly : 
see also Bottle ; Merry-pin ; 

Pi N- BASKET, j«^j. phr. (old).— The 
youngest child.— Grose (1785). 

Pin -BUTTOCK, subs, fhr, (old).— A 
bony rump : with oones like pins 
pricking : the reverse of barge- 
arse (f.v.). 

X598. Shakspbarb, Alts IVell.u, a. 
18. It is like a barber's chair that hts all 
buttocks, the pin-buttock, the quatch- 
buttock, the brawn-buttock, or any buttock. 

PIN-CA8E (or -cushion), jfi^j. phr, 
(venery). — The fcmaXt pudettaum: 
cf, PIN, stibs, 2 : su Mono- 

Pinch, sttbs, (common). — i. A di- 
lemma ; a critical situation ; a 
scrape. Whence, TO come to 
THE PINCH = to £Eu:e the situa- 
tion ; AT A PINCH = * upon a push 
or exigence.* — B. E. (r.1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

^1486. Bbrnbrs, Froiss, Chron.^ 11. 
cxviii. At a fvnch a frend is knowen. 

x6o7. Dbkkbr, Westward Hoe^ iii. 
z. O, the wit of a %iroman when she is put 
TO thb pinch. 

16x3. Sbldbn, Drayton's Polyolb,^ 
xvtiL 735. The Norman in this narrow 
pinch, not so willingly as wisely, granted 
the desire. 

1647. Flbtchbr, Hum, Lieut. ^ iv. 
4. I can lie yet, And swear, too, at a 

1704. Swift, TeUe of a Tub^ L 
Where thb pinch lay I cannot certainly 

17^9. Smollbtt, Gil Bias [Rout- 
LBDGBJ. 433. If you want my purse, come 
and take it : it will not fail you at a 

i88a GvovRRf Xaeingr Li/e, 3Z. It's 
one of the deadest pinchbs ever known. I 
guy or hook it, skedaddle or absquatulate. 

2. (racing). — ^A certainty. 

1886-96. Marshall, * Pomes' /rom 
the Pink 'Un ['Honest Bill'], 5a The 
race would be a pinch. Sir, barring acci- 
dent or tpilL 




1653. Urquhart, Rabelais, i. zlvii. 
PiNCHPBNNV said to him ... we are here 
very ill provided of victuals. 

X690. Crownk. Eng. Friar, il x. 
* We are my Lady Pinch-gut's men Sir.' 
. . . ' Her men? no, her mice. We live on 

i8ax. Scott, Pirate, vi. If this 
house be strewed in ruins before morning 
where wrould be the world's want in the 
. . . niggardly pinchcommons by which 
it b inhabited. 

z8S^. Clark Russell, Sailot's 
Lamguagt, s.v. Pinchgut. A mean 

Pinch -BOARD, subs, pkr. (Ameri- 
can). — A swindling roulette table : 
see Pinch, verb. 

Pinch • bottom (-buttock, or 
-cunt), subs, phr, (vencry). — A 
whoremaster : su Mutton-mon- 

Pinch ER, subs, phr, (political 
American). — Alegislative measure 
calculated to secure a pecuniary 
reward to those interested in its 

See Pinch, w^., and Pinch- 

Pinch-gut-money, subs, phr,{KAd). 
— See quot. 

C.X696. B. E., Diet, Cant, Crew, s.v. 
Pikch-gut-money, allowed by the iCing 
to the Seamen, that Serve on Bord the 
Navy Royal, when their Provision falls 
Short ; also in long Voyages when they 
are forced to Drink Water instead of Beer. 

PiNCH-PRiCK, subs, phr, (venery). 
— I. A whore ; and (2) a wife 
that insists on her dues. 

PiNCH-wiFE, subs, phr. (venery). — 
A vigilant and churlish husband. 

Pincushion. Su Pin-casb. 

Pineapple, verb* (American). — To 
close-shave ; to * county-crop ' ; 
TO shingle (y.v.). 

PlNE-TOP, subs, phr, (American).— 
Common whiskey : tee Old 
Man's Milk. 

Pine-tree money, subs, (old 
American). — Money coined n 
Massachusetts in I7tn century : as 
bearing a figure resembling a pine- 
tree. —Bartlett. 

Pine-tree State, subs, phr, 
(American). — Maine. [From its 
extensive pine forests. ] 

x888. Boston Trasucript, The good 
old Pine-tree State is pretty well repre- 
sented . . . scarcely a town of any size 
. . . bat what contains one or more Af aine 

Pink, subs, (old).— i. A beauty : 
hence (2) a pattern or model : as 
a woman of &shion, a well- 
groomed man, the pick of the 
litter, a champion at sport, &c. — 
Grose (1785). 

1595. Shakspbare, Romeo and 
Juliet, ii. 4, 4. I am the very pink of 

x6o8. Breton, Wonders, 7. He had 
a pretty pinckb to his own wedded wife. 

x6ax. Fletcher, Pilgrim, x, a. This 
is the prettiest pilgrim. The pink of 

X693. CoNGRBVE, Old Baiekelor, n. 
X. ^ I am hap^y to have obliged the 
Mirrour of Knighthood and Fink of 
Courtesie in the age. 

xToS-xo. S^mrr, Polite Comfersaiion, 
I. Miss. Oh 1 Mr. Neverout \ every body 
knows that you are the Pink of Courtesy. 

iSsx. Egan, Life in London, 11. L 
The lady and her scullion— the pink of the 
ton and his "rain-bow" — . . . they are 
" aU there." ^ 

xBaj. Lvtton, Pelham, xL Now, 
reely, Mr. Riison, you. who are the pink 
of feeshion, ought to know better than I 


3. (American cadet). — A bod 
report, e,g,^ * There are several 
PINKS against you.' Also as verb, 





4. (hunting). — A hunting coat : 
commonly scarlet (^.v.)* Also 
a hunting man (as wearing pink). 

1857. Hughes, Tont Brown's School- 
days. I. iv. The PINKS stand about the 
inn door lighting cigars and waiting to see 
us start. 

x86a Macm. Mag^.^ x6. With pea- 
coats over their pinks. 

Verb. (old). — I. To put home 
a rapier's point. Also, as subs, 
= a wound so made. — B. £. 
(f.1696); Grose (1785). 

1598. JoNSON, Ev. Man in His 
Humour^ iv. ^ i. I will pink your flesh 
full of holes with my rapier for this. 

1607. MiDDLBTON, Five Gallants^ 
iik 5. A freebooter's pink, sir, three or 
four inches deep. 

1778. Dasblay, Evttinot Ixzziii. 
Lovel . . . you must certainlv pink him ; 
you must not put up with such an affronL 

X823. Bbb, Diet Turf^ etc.t »•▼• 
Nob. 'Josh paid his respects ... to the 
Yokel's nob.' 'His nob was pinked all 
over,' i.e. marked in sundry places. 

2. (American thieves*). — To 
convict : as a result of perjury or 
cross-examination to one's preju- 

3. (tailors'). — ^To make care- 
fully, even exquisitely. 

4. (pugilists').— To get home 
easily and often. 

18x9. Moore, Tom Cribb^ 'The 
Milling Match.' And muns and noddle 
pink'd in every part. 

1823. Bbb, Diet. Turf. 8.v. Pink 
[of Jim Belcher's method]. I felt myself 
suddenly pinked all over ... no blow of 
finishing importance^ to be sure, but all 
conducing toward victory. 

Dutch pink, subs. phr. (pugi- 
lists').— Blood : cf. CLARET. 

1853. Bradley, Verdant Green^ ii. 
3X. That'll take the bark from your 
nozzle, and distill the Dutch pink for you, 
won't it? 

PiNKINQ-DINDCR, SUbs, phr, (old). 

— See quot. 

X785. Gross, Vuig. Tongue. s.v. 
Pinkinc-dindek. A sweater or monawlc 

P1NK-8PIDCR8, subs. phr. (com- 
mon). — Delirium tremens ; gal- 
lon-distemper (q.v.). 

Pinky, subs. (Scots' and American). 
— The little finger : also anything 
little ; the smallest candle, the 
weakest beer, etc. 

Pin-money, subs. phr. (old collo- 
Quial). — An allowance to a woman 
K>r pocket expenses : originally 
to a married woman by her hus- 
band, either by settlement or gift 
[Grose, 1785]. Also (modem) 
the proceeds of adultery or occa- 
sional prostitution. 

1673. yfycHtMLKy. Gentleman Danc- 
ing Master [Leigh hunt. Old Dra- 
matists. 67]. ' But what allowance? ' . . . 
* Stay let me think 1 first for advance 
MONEY, five hundred pounds for pins.' 

X703. StsblBj Tender Husband^ i. i. 
The mam article with me is, that founda- 
tion of wives' rebellion, and husbands' 
cuckoldom — that cursed pin-mgnbt. 

X705. Vanbroch, Confedera^^ iv. 
But then, sir, her coach-hire, her chair-hlre, 
her PIN-MONEY, her play-money, her china, 
and her charity would consume peers. 

X718. Hearnb, Diary^ 29 Aug. Mr. 
Calvert tells me, that the late princess^ of 
Orange (wife of him that they call King 
William IIL) had fifty thousand pounds 
per annum for pin money (as they com- 
monly call ordinary pocket-money). 

d.x^x^ Addison, Ladies Assodation 
[Century], They have a greater interest 
in property than either maids or wives, 
and do not hold their jointures by the pre- 
carious tenure of portions or pin-money. 

X901. D. Telegraphy 13 Nov., 6, 3. 
I was to take a profit of 2S. or qk, his 
explanation being that he woold Uke to 
give his wife a litue ' pin ' monbv. 




Pinnace, subs, (old).— A bawd ; a 
prostitute : see Tart. Also (qnots. 
1607 and 1693) = a woman ; a 
PIBCB (q.v.). 

[ ? ]. Songs o/ike London Prentices^ 
66. For when all the gallants are gone out 
o' th' town, O then these fine pinnaces 
lack their due lading. 

1607. Dekksr and Webster, 
Northward Hoe^ v. x. There is as pretty 
a little PINNACE struck sail hereby, and 
come in lately I— she's my kinswoman . . . 
her portion three thousand . . . her hopes 

x6x4. Bmrthclomtew Fair^ i. x. She 
hath been before me — punk, pinnace and 
bawd — any time these two and twoity 
years, upon record in the Pie-Poudres. 

1693. CoNGREVE, Old Backtlor^ v. 
7. A goodly pinnace, richly laden . . . 
Twelve thousand pounds and all her 
rigging, besides what lies concealed under 

Pinner (or Pinny), subs, (old col- 
loquial). — A pinafore. 

x67a. Wychbrley, Loot in a Wood^ 
iii. a. Pish ! give her but leave to gape, 
run her eyes, and put on her day pinner. 

[?J. Tk4 Crafty Miller [NaresJ. 
With a suit of eood pinners pray let her 
be drest, And when she's in bed let all go 
to rest 

x68x. Radcuffe, Otfid Travestie^ 5. 
My hair's about my ears, 9S I'm a sinner 
He has not left me worth a hood or 


X70S Thi London Ladiu Di^ssinr 
Room [Nares]. The cinder wench, and 
oyster drab. With Nell the cook, and 
hawking Bab, Must have their pinners 
brought from Fiance. 

x886. F. Locker, Piccadilly [quoted 
in Century\. When, poor bantling I down 
she tumbled, daubed ner hands, and &ce, 
and pinny. 

x9ox.^ Referee^ X4 Afx, o, a. Hun> 
dreds of tiny toddles in their white pinnies 
and their little bows of pink and blue were 
dancing together to a piano-organ. 

PiNNER-UP, subs. phr. (tramps*).— 
A vendor of broadside songs and 
ballads. [They are usually 
PiNNBD-UP on canvas against a 

PiNNiPE, subs. (American thieves'). 
—A crab. Hence pinniped = 
sideways ; crab fashion. [The 
Pinnipedia are fin-footed animals.] 

Pin NOCK. To bring pinnock to 
PAN NOCK, verb. phr. (old collo- 
quial). — Su quoL 

X55a. HuLOET .... Bryngesome- 
thjmge to nothynge, as the volgare speache 


(old). — See quot. 

• • « • 

Kennctt AaS. [Halliwell]. 
A PiN-PENNiEBLE fellow, a coveteous miser 
that pins up his baskets or panniers, or 
that rninks tne loss of a pin to be a pain 
and trouble to him. 

PIN8- AND- NEEDLES, SUbs. phr. 

(common). — The tingling wnich 
accompanies the recovery of circu- 
lation m a benumbed limb. 

X876. G. Eliot, DerontU^ IxiiL A 
man . . may tremble, stammer, and show 
other signs of recoverea sensibility no more 
in the range of his acquired talents than 
PINS AND NEEDLES after numbness. 

Pin's- HEAD. To look for apin's- 


verb. phr. (old). — To attempt the 
impossible. Whence TO find A 
pin's- HEAD, &c = to achieve 
wonders. Su Bottle. 

X565. Calphill, Martiatts Tr. oj 
Cross [Parker Soc], 173. 

PINSRAP, subs, (back slang).— A 

Pint, subs, (tailors'). — Recommen- 
dation ; praise. 

Pints round I intj- (tailors'). 
— A fine imposed upon a cutter 
for dropping his shears : nearly 




Pintle, x«^j. (venery). — Thtf^enisi 
see Prick. Whence pintle- 
bit (or -maid) = a mistress or 


a chancre ; pintle-fever = a 
clap or pox ; pintle-merchant 
(or -monger) = a harlot; pintle- 
ranger (or -fancier) = a wan- 
ton ; pintle-case = the female 
pudendum : see Monosyllable. 
— Bailey (1728) ; Halliwbll 

(1844). Also pintle -KEEK 

(Scots') = a leer of invitation. 

13 [?]. Sloa$u MS., 2584, 50. [A 
receipt] flbr bolnyng of pyntblys. 

14 [?]. MS. Mtd. Rec, XV. century. 
For sore pyntullbs Take lynschede . . . 
with sweet mylke . . . make a plaster, and 
ley to, and anoynte ... till he be wnole. 

1598. FLomjo, WorUU of WordtSt 
S.V. CmMzamartMCt a pintlb-fish. 

X749. RoBXRTSON of Struan, Poems, 
83. So to a House of Office streight A 
School-Boy does repair, To ease his Pos- 
tern of its Weight, And fr — his P 


X785. C Hanbury Williams, Odes, 

To L—d L — n,' xia. With whores be 

lewd, With Whigs be hearty, And both in 

(pintle) and in party. Confess your noble 


C.X786. Captain Morkis, TAe Pleni- 
potentiary. She spread its renovm through 
the rest of the town, As a pintlb past all 

iLfn/S. BvKHS, Merry Mttses, 'Nine 
Inch WUl Please a Lady;/ We'll add two 
thumb-breads to the nine And that's a 
sonsie pintle. /Hd., Burns, Godfy 
Girxie. But av she glowr'd up to the 
moon. And ay sue sighil ... I trust my 
heart s in Heaven aboun. Where 'er your 
sinful pintle be. Ihid. (old), For «' That 
and a* TAat, A pintle like a rolling-pin : 
She nicker'd when she saw that. 

PiGNEER-GF- Nature, suds, phr, 
(venery). — Thit penis: see Prick. 

1653. Urquhart, Rabelais, l xL 
And some . . . women . . . give these 
names, my Roger, my . . . pioneer . . . 
lusty live sausage ... my rump-splitter. 

Pip, subs, (gaming). — i. A spot on 
dice or playing cards. — Bailby 
(1728). [A corruption of picks 
= (O. E. ) ' diamond ' and (some- 
times) ' spade ' : from old Fr. 
picqtu = a spade.] 

2. (old). — The pox : see 
French disease : hence pipped 
= poxed. 

1584. Monday, IFeabest to iAe IVall, 
iiL 5. Do not vou pray that the pip may 
catch the people, and that you may earn 
many groats for making graves? 

x6a3. Dbkker and Massinger, 
Virgin Martyr. iL x. Therein thou 
shewed'st thyself a perfect demi-christian 
too, to let the poor beg, starve, and hang, 
or die of the pip. 

167a Ray, Proverbs [Bohn], 173. 
As much need of it as he has of the pip, or 
a cough. 

Verb, (club).— To blackbaU ; 
to pill Xq.V.), 

x88o. HuTH, BnckU, \. asa. If 
Buckle were pipped, they would do the 
same to every clergyman. 

X893. Punch's Model Mutie-kaU 
Songs, 20. And what his little game is, 
he'll let us perceive. And hell pip the 
whole lot of 'em, so I believe. 

2. (gaming). — To take a trick 
from an opponent. 

To have (or get) the pip, 
verb, phr, (colloquial). — To be 
depressed, or out of sorts : see 

1886-96. Marshaix, * Pomes* /rom 
the Pink 'Un ['The Luxury of Doing 
Good '], 41. It cost a bit to square up the 
attack ; For the landlord had the pip. 

Pipe (or pipers), subs, (old).— i. 
C^neric for the vocal organs ; 
and (2) the voice : in pi, = the 
lungs. Hence as verb, = (i) to 
talk ; and (2) to cry : also TO 

PIPE UP, TO take a pipe, TO 




TUNE one's PiPKs, and to pipe 
one's eye. Hence, to shut 
(or put) up the pipes = to be 
silent. Also, piper = a broken- 
winded horse ; a ROARER (q.v.). 

1383. Chaucbr. Canterdurjf TaUs 
[Skbat], 1. 275a. Toe FVPBS of his longes 
gonne to swelle. 

c. 1400. TowneUy Afyst. [Camden Soc. ], 
Z03. Who is that pypys so poore ? 

X560. PiLKiNGTON, SerntOHS [Parker 
Soc.], 601. If that were true, physicians 
might put up their pipbs. 

1579-80. Ltly, EupkueSf ayS. Hee 
also strayned his olde pype, and thus 
beganne . . . 

<^.i663. Sanderson, Works, iL 45. 
Neither John's mourning nor Christ's 
PIPING can pass the pike^ 

Z749. Smollett, Gil Bias, i. v. I 
happened one day to scratch myself, upon 
which, SETTING UP MY PIPES, as if he nad 
flayed me my mother . . . turned my 
master out of doors. 

1773. Burlesque Trans. Homer, ix. 
39a. His wife came last, and rubbed her 
eye. Then tun'd her pipes. Ibid,, 11., 
7a. Sink me, says one, there hardly 
PIPES A braver fellow than Ulysses. 

1790. DiBDiN, Song. Why, what's 
that to you if my eyes I'm a piping, A 
tear is a comfort, d'ye see, in its way. 

[?]. Brownie of Bodsbech, iL 155. 
He's coming, poor fellow — ^he's takin a 
PIPE to himsel at the house-eod — his heart 
— is as soft as a snaw-ba'. 

x8a5. Jones, Song, ' True Bottom'd 
Boxer ' [Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1896X 
93]. >Vith ogles and smellers, no piping 
and chiming. 

x8a^ The Prigging Lay {Vidoafs 
Mem., IV.]. There's a time to pipe, ana a 
time to snivel. 

1843. Dickens, Martin Chuaslervit, 
xxxii. He had got it into his head that 
his own peculiar mission was to pipe his 
EYE ; which he did perpetually. 

d. 1845. Hood, Faithless Sally Brown. 
He heav'd a bitter sigh. And then began 
to eye hb pipe, And then to pipe his eye. 

X89JK Whiteing, John St., 88. 
Nance is called to oblige with a song. She 
is shy . . . But the Amazon brings her 
forward with a stem ' Pipe up, yer blessid 
little fooL' 

3. (Scots').— /«//. = the bag- 
pipes. Hence to tune ones 
PIPES = to talk or write. 

4. (old). — A boot : see Trot- 

TER-CASES. — VaUX (1819). 

5. (venery). — The female pu- 
dendum: see Monosyllable. 

Verb. (old). — See subs, i and 2. 

3. (American). — To waylay ; 
to intercept. 

4. (thieves'). — To watch ; 
to spy. Also TO PIPE OFF. Fr. 
allumer. See Nark. Whence 
PIPER = a spy. 

1886-96. Marshall, ' Pomes ' /rom 
the Pinh'l/nV If ohhltd'], 115. I waited 
to pipe off the fun. 

1898. Pinh 'l/n and Pelican, 87. 
His mission up there on the roof was to 
exclude . . . any who sought to pipe off 
the contest through the slcylighL 

1888. Sims [Referee, xa Feb.]. If I 
pipe a good chat, why I touch for the 

1890. Daily Telegraph. 7 Ap., 8, 3. 
Then, Rin^ Kid. You piped nim. There's 
a child o' sin, now. 

The Queen's pipe, subs, phr, 
(common). — The kiln in the 
great East Vault of the Wine- 
Cellars of the London Docks, 
where useless and damaged goods 
that have paid no duty are burnt : 
as regards tobacco a thin^ of the 
past, stuff of this kind being dis- 
tributed to workhouses, &c 

1871. Echo, 2y Jan. All that was 
not sold will be burnt, according to 
custom, in Her Majesty's tobacco pipe. 
We cannot think such waste justifiable. 

1899. Daily Mail, ax Mar., 3, 3. 
Tea for the Queen's pipe. Five hundred 
and eizhty-two half-chests of tea were 
seized by the sanitary authorities of the 
Port of London. 

To PUT one's pipe out, verb, 
phr, (common). — I. To spoil 
sport or a chance ; ' to take the 
shine out ' ; and (2) to kill : see 
Light. Fr. casser sa pipe. 




Put that in your pipe and 
SMOKE IT, phr, (common). — A 
straight rebuke ; ' digest that if 
you can.' Fr. mets fa dans ta 
poche et ton motuhoir par dessus. 
See Take. 

2824. PsAKE, Anuricans Abroad^ i. 
X. Dou^ (vtrittsA " No tobacco allowed 
in England." There— (xAw/x ^^^ ^^^ 


another dap at 'em I 

x8^ Dickens, Pickwick (1857), p. 
6. Pull him up — put that in his pipe — 
like the flavour— dammed rascab ! And 
with a lengthened string of similar broken 
sentences ... the stranger led the way to 
the travellers' waiting room. 

x84a Barham, Ingoldshy Legends 
{Lay ^ S. OdilU), For this you've my 
word, and I never yet broke it. So put 
that in your pipe, my Lord Otto, and 


X883. Miss Braddon, Golden Calf^ 
ch. xtx. Ah, then he'll have to put his 

LOVE IN his pipe AND SMOKE IT ! That 

kind of thing won't do out of a French 


Tterb, phr, (old). — To change 
one*s means, or one's coarse of 
action or attack. 

d.xiv^ Skelton, Colyn Clout 
[Brewer]. They would pype tou 


154^ Knox, Godly Letter [Mait> 
LAND. R.€f,i 88]. Nowe they haue . . . 
lemed amongst ladyes to daunse as the 


X7A9. Smollett. Gil Bias [Rout- 
LEDGE], XX9. How Qo I know but my 
young mistress may caper to a tune op 


LEAF, iferb, phr, (old). — To busy 
oneself to no purpose : as a con- 
solation for £eiilure ; * to go 
whistle,' or * to blow the back's 
horn.' [Ivy-leaf = a thing of 
small value, as fig, rush, straw, 


^.137^. Chaucer, Troilus^ v. 1433. 
Bat Ijroilus thou mayst now east and west 
Pipe in an ivib lbapb, if that thee lest. 

T383. Chaucer, Cemi, Tales^ 1. 
But on of you, al be him loth or lefe. He 


1387-8. [T. Usk], Test, Love, iil viL 
[Skbatj, 1. 5a Far wel the gairdiner, he 
may pipe with an yue leaps, his fruite 
is failed. 

X39a GowBR, Conf, Aman,, n. ax. 
That all nis worth an yvy lepe. 

Pipeclay, suds, (colloquial).— 
Routine ; red-tape (^.v.). 

Ferd. (colloquial). — i. To wipe 
out ; to settle : as accounts. 

J853. Dickens, Bleak /fouse. xvit. 
You . . . would not understand allusions 
to their pipe-claying their weekly ac- 

2. (tailors').— To hide faults of 
workmanship ; or defects in 

Pipe- LAYER, suds, phr, (American). 
— A political intriguer; a schemer. 
Hence pipe-laying = scheming 
or intriguing for political pur- 
poses. [Bartlett : circa 1835, a 
traitorous New York Whig elec- 
tion agent concocted a plot to 
throw odium on the party, sup- 
porting it by correspondence m 
the form of bogus business letters 
relating to the Croton water 
supply then in progress, the num- 
ber of men hired to vote being 
spoken of as so many yards of 
pipe. — Abridged, ] 

1848. Nem York Tribune, 30 Oct. 
The result of the Pennsylvania dectton 
would not be in the least doubtful, if we 
could be assured of fair play and no pipe- 

1856. New York Herald, Sep. 
There b a magnificent scheme of pipe- 
laying and log-rolling going on in 

1883. Thurlow Weed, Autohio- 
grapky, 493. Among the Glentworth 
papers was a letter in which he said that 
the men sent from Philadelphia were to be 
employed in laying the pipes for the intro- 
duction of Croton water. The Whig 
leaders were immediately stigmatised as 
pipe-layers, a term persistently applied 
to them for several years. 




18S8. Sam Francisco Wtekly Ex- 
aminer^ aa Mar. There are not a few 
who are pipb-lavimg and marshalling 
forces for the fray. 

Pipe-merry, adj, and adv, (old). 
— Merry : as from wine [Which 
is stored in pipes]. 

X564. Udal, Eras. Apopktk.. 159. 
Wine deliuereth the harte from all care 
and thought when a bodie is pipe mbrie. 

Piper, subs, (common). — i. A de- 
tective : specifically (in England) 
an omnibus spy : see Nark. 

2. See PiPB, sobs. I. 

Drunk as a piper, phr. (old). 
— Very drunk : also piper-fou : 
su Fou and Screwed. 

177a. OvihSia^ spiritual QuixottyX. 
xxix. Jerry . . . proceeded so long . . . 
in t0ft«ng off horns of ale, that he became 


LER), verb, phr. (colloquial). — To 
pay expenses ; to assume responsi- 
bility. Fr. payer les violons. 

T695. CoNCRBVB, Lcve/or Love. iL 
I warrant you, if he danced till doomsday, 
he thought I were to pay thb piper. 

17^9. Smollett, Gil Bias (Rout- 
LEDCKJ, 69. We vrill make Doctor Oloroso 
pay the piper. . . . There b no reason 
why the forehead of a physician should be 
smoother than the brow of an apothecary. 

18x9. Scott, Ivamhoet i. 967. ' I 
like not that music, father Cedric' . . . 
' Nor I either,' said Wamba, ' I greatly 
fear we shall have to pay the piper.' 

<£ 1868. Brougham [quoted in Ccntufy]. 
They introduce a new tax, and we shall 


1881. Carlyle, Miscellt iv. 89. 
Necotiation there now was . . . Dupont 
de Nemours as daysman between a Colonel 
and a Marquis, both in high wrath; — 
Bu£B&re to pay the piper. 

PlPER*8-CHEEK8, Suds. (old). — 

Swollen or puffed cheeks. 

1608. Withal, Dictionaries ^^ 
That hath bigge or great cheekes, as they 
tearme them, piper's cheekes. 

PlPER*8-NEW8, subs. phr. (Scots*). 
— Stale news. 

iS [?]. Perils ofMan^ i. 29. 'I came 
exprewly to inform you * — ' Came with 
piper's news,' said the lady ; ' which the 
fidler has told before you.' 

Piper's-wife, subs. phr. (old). — A 
whore : see Tart. 

Piping hot, adv. phr. (colloquial). 
— Very hot. 

118^. Chaucer, Cant. Talcs^ * Mil- 
ler's Tale,' 193. Wafres pipyng hoot, out 
of the glede. 

153a Palsgrave, Lang. Francoyse^ 


c. i6oa London Cries^ 19 [Halliwbll]. 
Piping hot, smoking hot 1 What have I 

got ? You have not ; Hot grey pease, hot ! 
ot ! hot ! 

1618. Mainwaring, Z///rr [Lodge, 
lllus. Brit. Hist.^ iiL 403]. Foure huge 
brawnie pins, pipeing hott, billed and 
hamised with ropes of sausages. 

1678. Cotton, Virgil Trancstie 
\Works (i7as)f lopj. Yet having now 
fall'n to his Lot, A j ' " ' 
piping hot. 

good rich Farm lies 

1698. CoNGREVB, Old Bachelor [Old 
Dramatists (1880), 163], iv. 8. She 
thanked me, and gave me two apples. 
piping hot out of her under-pettio^at- 

i7«9. Goldsmith, Citinen of the 
Worlds Ixv. A nice pretty bit of ox- 
check, piping-hot, and dressed with a 
little of my own sauce. 

1821. Egan, L^t in London, 11. iii. 
In rushed Chaffing Peter . . . the oracle 
of the dustmen, piping hot from the Old 
Bailey, with an account of one Lummy. 

Pipkin (The), subs. phr. (vencry). 
— The female pudendum : see 
Monosyllable. Hence, to 
CRACK A PIPKIN = to deflower. 
—Grose (1785). 

1709. Ward, London S^y^ !• x6. He 
became one of her earliest suitors, and was 
very importunate with her to nave the 
cracking of hek Pipkin. 




2. (pugilists*). — The head : see 


iSas. Jones, Tru4 Bottomed Boxer 
\Unio. SongsL., iL 96]. At the pipkin to 

Pippin. My pippin, subs, phr, 
(common). — An endeannent 

1893. MiLLiKBN, 'Arry Ballads^ 3> 
Take the shioe out of some screamers, I 
tell yer, my pippin, would Loa 

Pippin -squire. 


See Apple- 

Pirate, subs, (literary). — i. An 
infringer of copyright : specifically 
of publishers, pnnt-sellers, and 
booKsellers, who, without per- 
mission, appropriate the work or 
ideas of an author or artist ; a 
FRBEBOOKER. Also as vtrb, : cf, 
Barabbas, Ghost, Jackal, &c. 

1703. W. King, Art of Cookery ^ynL 
I am told that, if a book is anyuiing 
useful, the printers have a way of pirating 
on one another^ auid printing other per* 
sons copies : which b very barbarous. 

1739^^ Hbarnb. Diary, 22 Sep. The 
said Davu . . . makes it hb busuiess to 
PTRATB books, and hath reprinted some- 
thing from mine without acknowledgment. 

dlx744. Pope [quoted in Centurvj. 
They advertised they would piratb nis 
edition. Ibid., Litters^ Pref. ^ The errors 
of the press were . . . multiplied ... by 
the avarice and negligence of piratical 

X887. Skakespettria9ut^ vi. X05. 
Meres refers to them [Shakspere's ' Son- 
nets '] in X5^ . . . and in 1599 two of 
them were prmted by the pirate Jag^ard. 

x888. New Princeton Review, v. 5a 
We are doing all the pirating in these 
days; the English used to be in the 
business, but they dropped out of it long 

dlx89i. Lowell, Coleridge \<CentHry\ 
It was a PIRATED book, and I trust I may 
be pardoned for the delight I had in it 

2. (venerv). — ^An adulteress : 
one who chases other women's 
men : also, conversely, of meiL 

X749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], aaa. Lorexua . . . smuggles the 
surgeon . . . Every evening into her 
apartment . . . the pirate generally stajrs 
pretty long upon his cruise. 

3. (common). — Suk^o\., Now 
(1902), thanks to pohce regula- 
tions and the imposition of heavy 
penalties, almost a thing of the 
past : chiefly applied, without 
aepredation, to any non *' Com- 
pany" or " Association " vehicle. 

1897. Poll Mall Gaz., 3X Dec, 5, 3. 
In 1839 George Shillibeer introduced 
omnibuses^ into London, and . . . took 
care to impress upon every man he 
employed the importance of politeness 
towards^ all passen^ers.^ But in 1833 it 
was noticed that this high standard . . 
was not maintained by . . . conductors 
of the new 'buses^ running from Padding- 
ton to the Bank via Oxford-street They 
overcharged passengers, and met protests 
with abuse. Frequently, when female* 
only were in the 'bus, they brought their 
journey to an end long before they reached 
their advertised destination, compelling 
the passengers to walk a considerable dis- 
tance after paying their fares. . . . These 
were the first pirate omnibuses. To let 
the public know which really were his 
vehicles Shillibeer at once had painted on 
them '* Shillibeer's Original Omnibus." 
In a few days the same inscriprion ap- 
peared on some of the pirates with the 
word " not " in very smallletters preceding 

PI8HERY-PA8HERY, subs, (old).— 

163X. Shoe - meJcet's Holy • day 
[Nares]. Peace, my fine Firke 1 stand by 
with your pishery-pashery ! Away 1 

Pi88, subs, (vulgar).— Urine. Also 
as verb, = to urinate. Combina- 
tions are many : thus, pisser = 
(i) the /WW, and (2) the female 
pudendum ; Piss- BOWL (or POT) 
= a chamber pot ; piss-burnt = 
stained with urine ; piss-makbr 
=one given to much liquor ; Piss- 

PISS-POT = a pot -inspecting 
physician ; piss-pot hall = {su 
quot. 1785) ; PISS-FACTORY = a 




public house; pissing-post (or 
Piss-DALE)=a urinal; piss-fire 
= a blusterer; piss-kitchen = a 
kitchen-maid : piss-proud = of 
a false erectio penis ; Piss-QUiCK 
= hot gin-and- water (Bee, 1823); 
PissiNG-CLOUT =a napkin ; piss- 
ing ^ small, mean, brief, as in 
pissing-while = a very short 
time; pissing- conduit = a 
conduit with a flow of water 
like a stream of urine : speci- 
fically one near the Royal Ex- 
change set up by John Wels 
(Lord-mayor, 1430) ; pissing- 
CANDLE = a small make-weight 
candle ; rods in piss = a reckon- 
ing in store; TO piss pure 


= to be clapped (Grose) ; to 


= to be hanged (Grose) ; to 


= to spend money in drink 
(Grose) ; to piss down the 
BACK = to flatter (Grose) ; 
TO piss on a nettle = to 
be peevish or angrj'; when 
THE goose pisseth = never ; 


good as may be ; to piss 
IN A QUILL = to agree on a 
course of action ; piss-a-bbd =■ a 
dandelion: with reference to its 
diuretic properties ; " So drunk 
that he opened his shirt 
COLLAR TO PISS " = blind drunk ; 
"the tin-whiffiiT* = when you 
cannot sh-t for pissing ; to piss 

HARD (bones, or CHILDREN) = tO 

be brought to bed ; to piss blood 
(Urquhart) = to bleed ; to 
PISS one's tallow = to sweat. 
Also not a few saws and proverbs 
— * As easy pissing a bed as to 
lick a dish ' ; ' As good (or, as 
very a knave) as ever pissed * ; 
'As surly as if he had pissed 
on a nettle ' ; ' By fits and st»i ts 
as the hog pisseth ' ; * Every 

little helps as the old woman said 
when she pissed in the sea ' ; 

* Fire ! quoth the fox, when he 
PISSED on the ice * ; * He did me 
as much good as if he had 
PISSED in my pottagi^ ' ; * He 
who once a good name gets, May 
PISS a bed and say he sweats * ; 

* Let her cry, she'll piss the 
less ' ; * Piss clear and defy the 
physician ' ; * Piss not against 
the wind,* or * He that pisseth 
against the wind wets his shirt ' ; 
•He'd have died had he never 
pissed or shit ' ; * Money will 
make the pot boil though the 
devil PISS m the fire'; * Many 
excuses pisses the bed' ; ' My 
horse pisseth whey. My man 
pisseth amber : My horse is for 
my way, My man is for my 
chamber ' ; * The devil shits and 
pisses on a great heap ' ; ' Such 
a^ reason PissES my goose ' ; 

* You'll be good when the goose 
PISSETH ' ; * He that's afraid of 
every grass must not piss in a 
meadow.' See Rack-off. 

X356. MAifDBViLLB, Travels^ 343. 
The mo6te Synne that ony man may do is 
to pisSBN in hire Houses that thei dwellen 

1369. Langland, Piers Plowman's 
Visumf 1. 3x60. He pissbd a potel in a 

1385. Chaucer [Skbat, IVorks^ 
3798]. This Nicholas was risen for to 
pissB. Ibid.t 43x5. Sone after this the 
wyf hir routing leet, An gam awake, and 
wente hir out to pisse. Ibid.^ 739. That 
Socrates hAd with hise wyes two How 
Xantippa caste pissb up-on his heed. 

i44o<^9. Blind HarrVj Ma$ur oj 
Cfy/ng- [LAiNGf Sect. Poet^ iu 14]. Scho 
piscHiT the mekle matter of Forth ; Sic 
tyde ran efter hendir. 

1525. Tyndale. Tr. Bible ^ i Sam. 
zviii. 32. If I leave by the morning light 
any that pisseth against the wall. 

</. 1539. Skblton, Elynour Rummyng^ 
370. And as she was drynknge • • • She 
PVST where she stood. 




XKjg. LvNDSAY. TAru Ssiaiits, 11. 
98. And jrt ladies that list to pisch, Lift 
up your tull plat in ane disch. 

1 5|9. Palsgr avb, Lang. Francoystt 
. . . But A PYSSYNGK WHYLB, iant giton 
auroyt pisstf or ce pendant. Ibid.^ subst. 
f. 66. Stale, pvssit, escloy. 

C.ZS4X. SekoUhoust 0/ Women [Haz- 
LiTT, E. Pop. Poet.^ iv. X13]. He would 
not once turn me for to kisse ; Every night 
he riseth for to pissb. Ihid.^ zax. A 
PissKPOT they brake vpon his pate. 

Z551. Still, Gemtmer Gurion 
[DoDSLBV, Old PlaySi iL 50I. He shall 
never be at rest one pissing-whilb a day. 

XC54. Udall, Apopk. <(f Erasmus. 
95. She, beyng moche the more incensea 
by reason of her husbandes quietnesse and 
stiUnesse, powred doune a pissbbollb 
upon hym out of a windore. 

/. 1555. Vpcheringe of the Mtss*t 96. 

Alacke, for payne I fyssa. 

X 575. Touchstone o/Compiexion^ 99. 
Manye men . . . take the matter in as 
f^reate snuffe, as they would to be crowned 


1594. Shakspbarb, / Hen. F/., iv. 
6. I charge and command, that, of the 
cities cost. The pissing-conduit run 
nothing but daret wine. The fir^t year of 
our reign. 

Z59C %HK}ii&viLhXB,^Tvi)oGentUmen^ 
iv. j^ Re had not been there a pissing- 
while but all the chamber smelt him. 

X59JB. Florid, Worlds 0/ Wordss^ 
a.v. Ciangola . . . Also a pissb-pot. 
Ibid., PisciatoiOf a pissing place . . . 
Also a pis-pot. 

1598. Stowb, London^ X44. Some 
distance west is the Royal Exchange — and 
so downe to the little conduit, called the 
PISSING-CONDUIT by the stockes market. 

162a Flbtchbr, Women Plea^d^ i. 
a. I shall turn pissing-conduit shortly 
[quoth a servant drenched with water]. 

1623. Mabbe, Gusman (1630), 340. 
Master Nicolas hath rods in pissb for 
you . . . and is plotting how he may be 
reuenged of thee. 

x6a3. Wbbstbr, DeviFs Law Case, 
ii. z. When that your worship has bbpist 
yourself. Either with vehemency of argu- 
ment, Or, being out from the matter. 

z63a Taylor, fVorks [Narbs]. On 
every pissing-post their names 111 place. 

1633. JoNSON, Magnetie Lady, L 7. 
I shall entreat your mistress ... to have 
patience but a pissing-whilb. 

1653. Urquhart, Rabelais, l v. 
Ihe pissing tool and urinal vessels shall 
have nothing of it. Ibid., xi. He pissbd 
in his shoes,^ shit in his shirt, and wiped 
his nose on his sleeve. 

167a. Lacy, Dumb Lady, v. x. The 
household . . . paid my worship with 
their pissb-pots out of the garret 

167a. Wycherlby, Love in a Wood, 
L a. That spark, who has hb fruitless 
designs upon the bed-ridden rich widow, 
to the sucking heiress in her pissing-clout. 

x67a. Ray, Proverbs, ao6. To stay 
a pissing-whilb. 

1676. Ethbredcb, Man o/Mode, iL 
z. Old BelL Out, A PISE of their 
Breeches. Idem, v. a. Old BelL Out, a 

X678. Cotton, Virgil Traoestte 
[Works {179^, il-A. All at the first that 
thev amiss thougnt, Was that her Grace 
bad mist the Piss-POT. Ibid, Z96. There- 
fore I think it not amiss Tor's To launch, 
for there are Rods in Piss for's. 

/ix678. Marvbll, Poems [Murray], 
x88. I'll have a council shall sit always 
still. And give me a license to do what I 
will; and two secretaries shall piss 


x68a. A. Radclipfb. The Ramble, 
86. ^ I roused my doe, and laced her gown, 
I pinn'd her whisk, and dropt a crown. 
She piss'd, and then I drove her down, 
Like thunder. 

Z694. Poor Robin [Narbs]. Each 
pissiNG-POST will be almost pasted over 
with quacks bills. 

1706. Ward, Wooden World, 67. 
He crawls up upon Deck to the Piss-dalb. 
Ibid. (1709), London Spy, L 64. He had 
provided them a plentiful bowl of piss. 

Z7Z4. Lucas, Gamesters, jt. As he 
was pissing at Temple Bar. 

Z740. North, Extunen, jo. So 
strangely did Papist and Fanatic or . . . 
the Anti-court Party piss in a quill ; 
agreeing in all thinss that tended to create 
troubles and disturbances. 

<£i745. SvfirT, Afiscellafues, " On t\kt 
Discovery of the Longitude." Now 
Ditton and Whiston may both be bb^pissbd 
on. [£t passim.] 




X749. ROBBRTSON of StTiuia, Potmx^ 
359. Tnoa drunken sot, go Home ana 
spue, And riss a Bed, as thou art wont. 

177a, Burlesque Trans, Homer, m. 
x8i. Bat what I mostly fear is this, Some 
God has steep'd a rod in piss. 

1785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue^ s-y. 
Piss-proud . . . The old fellow thought 
he had an erection, but his prick was only 
piss*pROUD ; said of anv old fellow who 
marries a young wife. ihid. Piss-burnbd, 
Piss-MAKKR, and Fiss-prophbt. tbid, 
"^Piss Pot Hall. A house at Clapton, 
near Hackney, built bv the potter chiefly 
outof the profits of cnamber pots, in the 
bottom of^ which the poitiait of Dr. 
Sacheverel was depicted. 

x8az. BvRON, Oeeasit mai Pieces (ed. 
x84o)l p. 574. Posterity w.ll ne'er survey 
a nobler grave than this : Here lie the 
bones of Cistlereagh ; stop, traveller, p — I 

Pistol, mds. (vcncry). — i. The 
Rent's : su Prick. 

1598. Shakspearb, a Hen, IV,^ iL 
4. FaL Here Pistol ... do you dis- 
charge upon mine hostess. PistoL^ I will 
discharge upon her, Sir John, with two 
bullets. FaL She is pistol-proof, sir. 
. . . Pist. Then to you Mbtress Dorothy. 
. . . DoL Charge me 1 . . . you lack-linen 
mate I Away ... I am meat for your 

1623. Wbbstbr, Duchess of MeUfi^ 
iL 9. Sero. There was taken even now a 
Switzer in the duchess' bed-chamber . . 
with a pistol in his great cod-piece. 

2. (old).— A swaggering bully: 


Z596. Shakspbarb, Merry Wives^ 
Dram. Pers. Bardeiph, Pistol, N^ym. 
sharpers attending on FalstafT. Ibia. 
(1598;, a Hen, IV,, il 4. Fi^'^ ^- Sir, 
Ancient Pistol's below. DoL Hang him, 
swageering rascal I ... it is the foul- 
moutbed'st rogue in England. 

1508. Florio, Worlde of Wordes, 
S.V. Pistolfo ... a roguing begger, a 
cantler, an upright man that liveth by 


X748. Smollbtt, Rod, Random, 
xivL He snatched his hat and hangen 
and assuming the looks, swagger, and 
phrase of Pistol, burst out, ftc. 


Pistol-shot, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — A drink ; a GO (^.v.) : 
see Drinks and ef, fockbt- 


Pit, subs, (old). — i. A breast 
pocket in a coat. Also, a fob. 
—Grose (1785) ; Vaux (1819). 
Hence pitman = a pocket-book. 

2. (venerv). — The female pu- 
dendum : also BOTTOMLESS PIT, 

OF DARKNESS: see Mono- 
syllable. Hence, to lay pit 


SHOPS) INTO ONE (see qnot 1785). 

dlz674. Hbrrick, /'mmt^, ' Ch«rry-piu' 
Julia and I . . . playing for sport at 
Cherry-pit : . . . I got the Pit, and she 
the stone. 

X78k. Grosb, Vulf, Tongue, 8.v. 
Pit. To lay pit and boxes into one \ an 
operation m midwifery or copulation, 
whereby^ the^ division between tne anus 
and vasina is cut through, broken, and 
demolisned : a simile borrowed from the 

glayhouse, when, for the benefit of some 
ivourite jpUyer, the pit and boxes are 
laid together. 

3. (old). — See quot 1696. — 
Grose (1785). 

cx6g/^ B. JL,Dict. Cemt, Crew, 8.v. 
Pit, the hole unoer the gallows into which 
those that Pay not the Fee, viz., 6s. 8d., 
are cast and Buried. 

Knight of the pit, subs, 
phr, (oldj. — A cocker. 

To shoot (or FLY) the pit, 
verb, phr, (old). — To turn tail 

174a North, Examen, 327. The 
whole nation . . . expressing utmost de- 
testation and abhorence ot the Whig 
principles, which made the whole party 
SHOOT THB prr and retire. 

174a Richardson, Pamela, iL 308. 
We were all to blame to make madam here 
FLY THB PIT RS she did. 




x8ta Evans, L 33, ' Yorkshire Song.' 
And tluere was neither &ult nor fray, Mor 
any disorder any way, But every man did 


x85i-6i. Mavhkw, Lond. Lat.^ i. 390. 
Pitching thb hunters is the three sticks 
a penny, with the snuff-boxes stuck upon 
sticks ; if you throw your stick, and they 
fall out of the hole, you are entitled to 
what you knock off. 

i86> Story of a Lancashire Thio/, 
Brummagem Joe, a cove as could patter 
and pitch the pork with any one. 

X867. London HereUd^ 33 March. 
339, 3. If he had had the sense to appeal 
for help, and pitch them a tale, he 
might have got off. 

1876. HiNDLBT, Ctuapjack. When 
Elias was at a pleasure fair, he would 
pitch the hunters, that is, put up the 
three sticks a penny business. 

1901. Punchy 35 Dec, 461, x. We 
were pitching into the umpire. 

PiTCH-AND-FiLL, subs, phr. (rhym- 

Pitched, adj\ and adv. (tailors'). — 
Cut (f.».)- 

Pitcher, subs, (vcncry). — i. The 
female pudendum. Also the 


holds water with the moath 
downwards*). Whence, cracked- 
pitcher = a harlot with a cer- 
tain pretension to repute ; to 
CRACK A PITCHER = to deflower. 
See Monosyllable. — Grose 


1673. Wvcherlev, Love in a IVood^ 
iii. 3. My daughter is a ^1 of reputation, 
though she has been seen m your company; 
but . . . she is resolved never more to 
venture her pitcher to the well 

1771. Smollett, Humph, Clinker 
[IVorhs (1899), III. 92]. Though my being 
thought capable of making her a mother 
might have given me^ some credit, the 
reputation of an intrigue with such a 
CRACKED PITCHER does me no honour at 

2. (old). — Newgate prison : 
also the stone pitcher or (jucs) : 
see Cage.— Vaux (181 9). 

3. (thieves'). — See Snide- 

Pitchers have ears! phr. 
(colloquial). — * Listeners may 
overhear ' : also (of children) 


(or great) ears = What children 
hear at home soon flies abroad : 
Fr. Ce que P enfant oit au foyer ^ 
est bientdt connu Jusqu^au Mon- 
j/i^.— Hevwood(i546); Bailey 

1593. Shakspbare, Taming qf the 
ShreWf iv. 4. Not in my house, Lncentio. 
for, you know Pitchers have ears, ana 
I have many servants. 

Other colloquialisms are : — ^To 


= to receive a kindness after 
others have no need of it, or to 
get the refuse ; TO bang a 
PITCHER = to drain a pot. See 
also Crocus-pitcher. 

Pitcher-bawd, subs. phr. (old). — 
Su quot 

C.X696. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crew^ s.v. 
PiTCHER-BAWD. The poor Hack that 
runs of Errands to fetch Wenches or 

Pitch CR-MAN, subs. phr. (old). — 
A drunkard ; a tickle-pitcher. 
See Lushington. 

Z738. Poor RobinlliKKB&l. For not 
one shoemaker in ten But are boon blades, 


PITCH-FINQER8, subs. phr. (collo- 
quial). — A pilferer : also tar- 
fingers {q.v. ). Whence pitch- 
fingered = thievishly inclined. 

Pitchfork, subs, (common). — A 

Verb, (colloquial). — ^To thrust 
into a position ; to toss, or settle 




x7o8-ia SwiPT, PoliigCotKOtrsaiwn^ 
L She wean her Cloaths as if they were 
thrown on her with a pitchfork. 

1879. Ninttttntk Century^ 977. 
Your young city curate pitchforked into 
a rural benefice ... is the most forlorn 
... of all human creatures. 

Pitch -KETTLED, adj, phr, (old). — 
Puzzled ; stuck fast ; confounded. 
—Grose (1785). 

dliSoa CowPKR, Ep, to Lloydf 3a. I 
fairly find myself pitch-kbttlbd, And 
cannot see . . . How I shall hammer out 
a letter. 

Pitch POLE, verb, (old colloquial). 
— I. To sell for double the cost. 

2. (schoolboys*). — To turn a 

Pitch -UP, subs. phr. (Winchester 
School). — One's home circle ; a 
crowd or knot of people ; a set 
of chums. Hence, to pitch up 
with = to associate with. 

Pit- HOLE (or Pit), subs, (collo- 
quial). — A grave. Hence, as 
verb, = to bury. 

1607. PuritoMf i. a. All my friends 
were pit-kolkd, gone to graves. 

2. (venery). — See Pit. 

Pitman. See Pit. 

Pit -OF- DARKNESS, subs. phr. 
(venery). — The female puden- 
dum: j^tf Monosyllable. Also 
Pit-mouth, and Pit-hole. 

Pitter-patter, verb, (common). — 
To palpitate ; to * go pit-a-pat.* 


Pitt's- PICTURE, subs. phr. (old 
political). — Abricked-up window. 
[To save Pitt's Window-tax].— 
Gross (1785). 

PIZZLE, subs, (venery). — i. The 

penis : see Prick. Also, as verb. 

= to copulate: see Ride. — 

Bailey (1728). Whence (2) a 

scourge : as made of bull's pizzles. 

x6o7. DEKKKRf Nortkword Hoe^ iv. 
z. Doll. This goat's-PizzLB of thine — . 
Btll. Away I I love no such implements in 
my house. 

X749. Smollett, Gil Blas^ l vL I 
felt across my shoulders five or six hearty 
thwacks with a bull's pizzls. 

Place, subs, (colloquial). — (i) An 
abode ; a place of business : see 
Diggings. (2) Ajakes,or house 
OF EASE (g.v.) : see Mrs. Jones. 

The place, subs. phr. (venery). 
— The privities {g.v.): see 
Monosyllable and Prick : also 


<759-67. Stbrmb, Tristram Shamly, 
IX. XX. You shall see thb very plack, 
said my uncle Toby. Mrs. Wadman 

Place of sixpenny sinful- 
ness, subs. phr. (old). — The 
suburbs : specifically a bawdy- 
house so situated. 

1607. Dbkker, IVtstwmrd Hoe^ v. 
3. ' Go, sail with the rest of your bawdy* 
traffickers to the place op sixpenny 
SINFULNESS . . . ' 'I scom the sinfulness 
of any suburbs in Christendom.' 

See Spot. 

Placebo, subs, (medical and 

general). — i. A paciMng dose : 
ence (2) a sop of placation. 
Whence, to sing (or hunt, or 


= to be servilely complaisant, or 
time-serving ; to ' hold with the 
hare and hunt with the hounds.' 

1362. Langland, Piort Plowman's 
Vision. L 1991. Preestes and persons 
With Placebo to hunt. 

tf.1^83. Wyclip (?) Lsemen of Pkari' 
sees^ IV. [Mathew, Unpr. Emg. Wks. of 
Wyclif (1880), 15]. Zif thei visyten not 
pore men in here sikenesse but riche men 
with preue massis and placeboes and 




1383. Chadcbr, Summtnuf's TaU^ 
L 367. Beth ware, therefore, with lordes 
how ;re pleye, Syngbth Placebo— and I 
shal if r lean. 

1481. Caxton, Reynard the Fox 
(1880X xxviL 65. Ther ben numy that 


i^. Skblton, /'Ay/ .S>artffv^, 466. 
At this PLACBBO We may not well forgo 
The coantrynge of the coe. 

Z544. Knox, Godfy Letter [Mait- 
LAND, Reformation^ 88]. Nowe they 


and ther they haue lemed amongst ladyes 
daonse as the deuill lyst to pype. 

1591. Six J. Harrington, Pref. to 
Ariosto's Orlando Furioso. Of which ' 
comedie . . . when some (to sing 
placebo) aduised that it should be for> 
bidden, because it was somewhat too 
plaine, . . . yet he would haue it allowed. 

x6a«. Bacon, Ess. xxvl And in 
stead of gluing Free Counsel! sing him a 

Song of PLACEBO. 

18x9. Scott, Bride Of Lammer' 
moort i. I made my bow m requital of 
the compliment, which was probably 
thrown in by way of placebo. 

i8[n. Ameriam Jour, Psychol. 
[Centmyy Physicians appeal^ to the 
imagination in desperate cases with bread 
pills and placebos. 

189a Microcosm (New York), Mar. 
Delight at the temporary effects^ of such a 
placebo hypodermically administered. 

1893. Fbnnell, Stanford Diet. , s. v. 
PLACEBO . . . Lat. PLACERE = to please : 
the opening antiphon of the vtspers for the 
office of the dead in the Latin church, 
named from the first word of the Vulgate 
Tension, Placebo Domino in regtone 
mvorum^ ' 1 will walk before (please) the 
Lord in the land of the living ' . . . hence 
phrases to sing placebo, to play 
PLACEBO ss ' to be complacent,' ' to be 
obsequious ' ; also an useless medicine 
intended merely to gratify and conciliate 
a patient. 

Placer, verd. (American). — To 
live in concubinage; TO live 

TALLY i^.V.); to DAB IT UP 

if. v.). 

Placket (or Placket-hole), suds. 
(old). — (i) A petticoat-slit or 
pocket-hole ; (2) a woman : cf, 
PBTTICOAT ; (3) the female pu- 
dtndum (also placket-box) : see 
Monosyllable ; and (4) a petti- 
coat. Whence placket-racket 
= the penis : see Prick ; to 
SEEK A PLACKET = to whore ; 
PLACKET-STDNG = infected (Ray). 
Occasionally placket = shift. 

1^94. Shakspeare, Lov^s Lai.^ iii. 
I. Liege of all loiterers and malcontents. 
Dread prince of plackets. King of cod- 

X594. Tylney, LoerinOf iii. ^ My 
first wife was a loving quiet wench ; but 
this, I think, would weary the devil . . . 
O Codpiece, thou hast done th^ master ; 
this it is to be meddling with warm 


x6o^ Shakspeare, H^inter^s TeUe, 
iv. X. Is there no manners left among 
mai^? vn\l they wear their plackets 
where they should bear their faces t 

1605. Shakspeare, Lear. iii. a. 
Keep thy foot out of brothels, thy hands 
out of plackets. 

C.160S. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Love's Cure, i. a. That a cod-piece were 
far fitter here than a pinn'd placket. 
/Sid. (16x9), Humourous Lieut. ^ iv. 3. 
Was that nrave heart made to pant for a 
placket ? 

1623. Webster, Duchess of Ma^^ 
iv. 3. A snuffling knave, that while he 
shows the tombs, will have his hand in a 
wench's placket. 

1653. Urquhart, Rabelais, i. xi. 
One would call it her pillicoclc . . . 
another her touch-trap . . . Another again 
her placket-racket. 

1654. Gavton, Pest. Notes^ 170. Just 
like a plow-boy tir'd of a broune jaacet, 
And breeches round, long leathern point, 


1665. Sel. ColL E^igrasHs [Halli- 
well]. Deliro playing at a K>inie of 
racket Far put his hand into Florinda's 
PLACKET ; Keep hold, said shee, nor any 
further go, Saia he, just so, the placket 

well willda 





<^x67A. Hbrrick, Works {1897], iL 
x6a It the maides a^ spinning goe, Burn 
the flax, and fire their toe, &orch their 
PLACKBTS^ Bat beware that ye singe no 

Plaquy (or Plaquily), adj. and 
adv. (colloquial). — Troublesome ; 
annoying ; 'deuced* ; very. 

X5S0. Sir p. Sidney, Arcadia^ liL 
Most wicked woman, ^ that hast so 
FLAGUILV a corrupted mind as thou . . . 
must most wickedly infect others. 

x6 [?]. Sir EglamourlCmtXit Ballads, 
VIII. XQ7]. The dragon he had a plaguy 
hide, which could both sword and spear 

x6ox. Webstbr. Curt for Cuckold^ 
iL 3. What PLAGUY boys are bred now-a- 

x6oa. Shakspbarb, Troilus^ iu 3, 
187. He is so PLAGUY proud that the 
death-tokens of it cry * No recovery.* 

f.x6o8. Flbtcher, Humourous Lieu- 
tonant^ ii. a. I am hurt plaguily. Ibid, 
(16x7), Mad Looor^ v. ^ Oh, 'twas a 
plaguy thump, charg'd with a vengeance. 

X709. Stbblb, TatUr^ Na 55. He 
looked plaguy sour at me. 

X7XX. Swift, To StsUa. xxxL He 
was plaguily afraid and humbled. 

X768. Goldsmith, Good Naiurtd 
Man, ii. You're so plaguy shy that one 
would think you had changed sexes. 

X843-4. Haliburton, Attacks, xix. 
* Squire,' said Slick, * Id a plaguy sight 
sooner see Ascot than anything else in 

Plain, adj. (colloquial). — Watered; 
NEAT (g.v.). 

Plain as a pikestaff (or 
PACKSTAFFE), phr. (colloquial). — 
Beyond argument : also pack- 
staff {adj.) = plain. Also PLAIN 

AS THE nose on YOUR FACE. 

X546. Becon ^Parker Soc. Earlp^ 
Works, 376I. He is no dissemoler| his 
heart and tongue goeth together, He is as 


XS08. }. Hall, Virgid., in., Prol., 
I. 4. Not nddle-like obscuring their intent, 
But PACK-STAFFB PLAINS, Uttering what 
things they meant. 

X599. Marston, Scourgt ofVUUmie^ 
I. [Halliwbll, Works^ iii. 349]. His 
honestie Shall be as bare as his anatomie, 
To which he bound his wife. O, pack- 
STAFFS rimes ! Why not, when court of 
stars shall see these crimes ? 

X64X. Bernard, Tsrence in Eng.^ 
89. You make a doubt, where all is 


^ </.i6s6. Hall, Satirts, viL Prol. Not 
riddle-like, obscuring their intent. But 
PACK-STAFFS PLAINS, Uttering what thing 
they ment. 

d.\6s7. }' Bradford. Works [Parker 
Soc, X853, IL 319]. To make all as 


x6^5. Congrevb, Z^cvy^Z^nr, iv. 
' As witness my hand ' ... in great letters. 


1749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
LSDGsj, 409. Continual intercourse gave 
me an opportunity of pr3ring into the 
duke's inmost soul, ... a madced battery 
to all mankind beside, but plain as a 

Plain -STATEMENT, subs. phr. 
(tailors*). — i. An indififerent meal ; 
common-doings {q.v.)\ and (2) 
a simple straight-forward piece of 

Plank, subs, (political). — See 

Verb, (common). — ^To deposit : 
as money ; to pay : also to plank 
UP (or down). 

1843-4. Haliburton, Attacks 
[Bartlbtt]. I've had to plank down 
handsome . . . Ibid. * Why,' says he, 
'shell out and plank down a pile of 

X856. Soutksm Sketckes, X63. Come, 
plank up the tin. 

1886-96. Marshall, * Pomss' from 
tks Pink 'l/n ('The Merry Stumer'), 8. 
He planked down a stumer bob. 

Plant, subs, (thieves*).— (i) Plmi- 
der ; (2) a swindle or robbery ; 
(3) a decoy ; and (4) a place of 
hiding. Whence as verb. = (i) 
to conceal ; (2) to select a person 




or house for swindling or robbeiy ; 
(3) to utter base coin ; (4) in min- 
ing, to SALT {q.v,^\ (5) to hum- 
bug, TO GAMMON [q,vJ) ; and (6) 
to prepare cards for unfair plaj. 
Also IN PLANT = in hiding ; TO 
SPRING A PLANT = to uncarth. — 
B. E. (r.1696); Grosb (1785); 
Vaux(i8i9) ; Matsell (1859). 
Hence (conjurors') = to prepare 
a trick by depositing an object in 
charge of a conscious or uncon- 
scious confederate. 

1610. Rowlands, Martin Mark-all^ 
E 4. To PLANT, to hide. 

1613. Dekkbr, 6>/rrx^(7{FARMBK, 
Musa Ptdtstris (1896), 12]. When they 
did seeke, then we did creepe, and plant 
in ruffe-mans low. 

C.1819. Sof^^ 'The Youne Prig' 
[Farmbr, Musa PeeUstris (1896), 8a. I 
have a sweet eye for a plant. 

1838. Dicksns, Olwtr Twisitxxxix. 
' I was away from London a week and 
more, my dear, on a plant,' replied the 

^ 1853. Rbadb^ Gold, iv. i. Levi, 
This dust is from Birmingham, and neither 
Australian nor naturaL Rod. The man 
planted it for you. 

</.i87o. Dickens [quoted in Cmhtfy]. 
It wasn't a bad plant, that of mine, on 
Filey, the man accused of forging the 
Sou' Western Railway Debentures. 

x886-q6. Marshall, * Ponus* from 
itu Pink *Un ['Honest Bill'], 50^ For 
plants he always hated, 'cept the plants 
upon his sil^ 

1889. Notes and Queries, 7 S. ix. sOb 
Suchoand-such an author says that so-and- 
so was 'burnt alive,' followed by . . . 
righteous indig^iation at what never hap- 

gened, while the dispassionate scholar 
nds the whole thing a plant. 

1893. Percy Clarke, New Chum 
in Australia, 72. A salted claim, a pit 
sold for a £io note, in which a nugget 
worth a few shillings had before Smu 


5. (old).— /«//. = the feet. 
F^3. (thieves'). — i, 5«subs. i. 

2. (old : now mostly collo- 
quial). — To post, set, or fx in 

1555. Cavendish, Wolsey [Oli- 
phant]. [He PLANTS himself near the 

1600. JoNSON, Cynthia*s Revels, ii. 
X. Plant yourself there, sir : and observe 

x6o3. Shakspbarb, Twelfth Nig^ht, 
n. -x. I will PLANT you two, and let the 
fool make a third, where he wall find the 

1837. Barham, tt^ldsby Legends, 
I. X48. He planted himself with a firm 
foot in front of the image. 

3. (old). — ^To bur>'. — Grose 

X873. Clemens (' Mark Twain '), 
Innocents at Home, aa ' Now, if we can 
get you to help plant him — .' 'Preach 
the funeral discourse? ' 

4. (footballers*). — To drive the 
ball into another player : hence 
planter = a blow so given : . 
specifically one delivered m the 

5. (venery). — To achieve (or 
assist) intromission; also TO plant 
A MAN (old) = to copulate : see 
Greens and Ride. 


THEM, verb, phr, (old).— -To be 
wary of speech. — B. E. (r.1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

i6ia Rowlands, Maunder's WoO' 
ifl!^ [Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1896), 8]. 
Stow your whids & plant, and whid no 
more of that. 

To PLANT HOME, verb, phr, 
(common). — (i) To deliver (as a 
blow) ; (2) to make a point (as 
in argument) ; and (3, general) to 

1886. Phil. Times, 6 May. Cleary 
PLANTED two rib-roasters. 

1899. Daily TeUgraph^ 7 Ap., 8, 5. 
See over there I Opposition m the crowd. 
That roar means the opposition 's planted 
one 'oMB. 






verb, phr. (old). — To shed tears : 
see Bib. 

Plaster, verb, (common). — To 

Plaster of warm (or hot) 
GUTS, subs, phr, (venery). — 
Copulation ; * one warm Belly 
clapt to another/ — B. E. (r.1696); 
Grose (1785) : su Greens and 

Plasterer, subs, (sporting). — ^An 
amateur gun: su quot. and cf, 
Peter Gunner. 

1885. BromlbV'Davknpokt, sport. 
The PLAsTKKBR u one who thinks nothing 
of the lives and eyes of the men who sur- 
round him on all sides, and blows hb 
pheasant to a pulp before the bird b seven 
feet in the air. 

Plate (Plate-fleet or Family 
Plate), subs, (common). — i. 
Generic for money : formerly a 
piece of silver: also (Halli well) 
= * illegal silver money ' : see 
Rhino. Hence to melt the 
plate = to spend lavishly ; when 


money in plenty. — B. £. (^.1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

X586. Marlow, Jew of MeUta 
[DoDSLKT, Old ^lays (Rebd), viiL 335). 
He's worth three hundred plates. 

z6o8. Shakspbakb, Antony a$td 
CUopatrt^ V. a. In his livery Walk'd 
crowns and crownets ; realms and blands 
were As platbs dropt from his pocket. 

1694. Bbaumont and Flbtchbs, 
Rule a tVife^ iL a. Tis such a trouble to 
. . . have a thousand things of great im* 
portance. Jewels and plates. 

17^ Smollett, Gil Blas^ vil viL 
I left [Phcnicia] busy in melting the 
plate of a little merchant goldsmith, who, 
out of vanity, would have an actress for 
bis mistress. 

2. (rhypaing). — In pi, = the 
feet : originally plates of meat : 
see Creepers. Whence to 
PLATE IT = to walk. Also 
(American thieves') plates of 
MEAT =^ a street. 

x886'96. Marshall, Pomes from 
the Pink 'Un [* Some Object Lessons '], 
X08. He is rocky on hb plates, For he 
has forced them into 'sevens.' Ibid^ 
(' Nobbled), 1x4. A cove we call Feet, 
sir, on account of the sixe of his plates. 

1887. Sims, in Re/eroot 7 Nov. 
' Tottie.' As she walked along the street 
With her little plates op meat. 

Old Plates, subs, phr, (Stock 
Exchange). — The shares of the 
London and River Plate Bank. 
New Plates = shares of the 
English Bank of the River Plate : 
see Stock Exchange. 

WIN THE HEAT, Verb, phr, (old). 

— To get pox or clap. — Grose 

To FOUL A PLATE, verb. phr. 
(old). — To dine or sup. — Gross 

Platform, subs, (colloquial). — 
Formerly a plan, design, or 
model : now a declaration of 
principles or doctrines (chiefly 
religious and political) governing 
organised public action, each 
section or paragraph of which is 
called a plank. Also, as verb. 
= to draft or publish such a 
declaration of pnnciples or doc- 
trines. [See the earlier quots. for 
an inkling of the modem usage.] 

I55S* FoxE, Acts Mid Monuments^ 
▼L as. If my lord of St. Davids . . . 
have their head encumbered with any new 
PLATFORM. Jbid.^ 59a. The bishop had 
spent all his powder in casting such a 
PLATFORM to Duild his poHcy on as he 
thought shoi^ stand for «ver and a day. 




1605. Bacon» Ado, of Leamimgf \i, 
3^5. Toe wisdom of a lawmaker oon- 
suteth not only in a platform of justice, 
but in the application thereof. 

x6^x*9. Milton, Re€u, C^ Gavtm- 
m^mtf 1. Some ... do not . . . grant that 
church discipline is platform ed in the 

d,t23a. Bishop Attbrburv, StrmpMs, 
IL xiiL Every little society . . . imposed 
the PLATFORM of their doctrine, discipline, 
and worship as divine. 

X848. J^ew York Herald, 6 May. 
The Whigs, whether on the Lexin^on 
PLATFORM, or some other non>cominsttal 
PLATFORM, will be and must be at once 
known as the party that opposed their 
country in her just and generous war. 

d. 1865. Lincoln [in Raymond^ p. 86]. 
In the Chicago platform there Is a 
plank on this subject. 

<£x878. S. Bowles [Merriam, l 391]. 
We want two planks — non-eztensioo of 
slavery, and state reform. 

1888. LouimUU Courier Journal, 
Feb. Mr. Cleveland will be re>nominated 
by acclamation. Hb message will be his 


Platter- FACE, subs. (old). —A 
broad or flat face : also as cuij. : 
su Dial.— B. £. (r.1696) ; Grose 


Plausible, adj. (recognised). ^ 
Specioas ; persuasive. — K £. 
(r. 1696). 

Play, subs, (venery). — Copulation : 
see Greens and Ride. Hence, 
FOUL play = adultery ; fair 
PLAY = fornication ; playfellow 
= a lover, mistress, husband, or 
wife; PLAYTHING = (I ) a mis- 
tress, and (2) the penis (as in the 
proverb, * A fool's bauble {q.v,) 
IS a lady's plaything' : cf. Toy); 
love's playground = (i) the 
female pudendum^ and (2) a bed : 
see Monosyllable and Kip. As 
verb. = (i) to wanton (Bailey), 
and (2) to copulate : idso to play 
with ; to play the woman 
(the wanton, the fool, or the 

ACE against the Jack) = to 
grant the £avour ; TO play the 
GOAT = to fornicate hard ; to 

PLAY off (or WITH ONESELF) = tO 

masturbate: j^^Frig; playsome 
(Bailey) = wanton. See Beast, 
Wily-beguiled, Tail, &c. 

X383. Chaucbr, Millet* s Tale^ 1. 87. 
On a day this hende Nicholas Fil with thu 
yonge %irvf to rage and plbvb. Ibid.. 
13,3^3. Let us laugh and play, Ye shal 
my joly body ban to wedde : By God I 
n'ill not pay you but a>bedde. 

1393. GowBR, Cotsftss, AmaH., L 
She bygan to plaib and rage, As who 
saith, I am well enough. 

f.isaa Mayd Emfyn [Hazutt, £. 
Pop. Poetry^ iv. 94]. To ease her louer 
She toke another, That lustdy conde do 
. . . With her lusty playe. 

d. z 539. Skblton, Elynour Rummjmg; 
219. Ich am not cast away, That can 
my husband say, Whan we leys and play 
In lust and in lykyng. /bid. [DvcB, 
fVorkst L 24, 37]. For your jentyll hus- 
band sorowfull am I ; ... he is not the 
first hath had a loss . . . warke more 
secretly . . . Playb payrb, madam . . . 
Or with gret shame jroar game wylbe sene. 

d.iS4g. BoRDB, Mylner of AbyngtoK 
[Hazlitt, Early Pop. Poet.^ iii. 109]. Of 
her he had his will ynough. And plaidb 
them togyther. When the clarke had done 
his will, By the damosell he lay full stll. 

160^. Shakspbarb, Meat, for Mtiu.. 
1. 4. He bath got hb friend with child 
... I would . . . play with all virgins 

z6o8. Shakspbarb, Pericles^ L 
[Gowbr]. The beauty of this smful dame 
made many princes thither frame, To seek 
her as a bedfellow : In marriage-pleasures 

x6x3. Wbbster, White Devil, iv. 4. 
I do suspect my mother playbd foul 
PLAY, When she conceiv'd thee. 

1749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
lbdgb], 03. The favours which mygod- 
dess winked at my snatching . . . fell 
short of the only perfect issue . . . Said I, 
this lady . . . thinks it beneath her quality 
TO play the very woman at the first 
interview. Ibid^ tqo. Though noblemen 
. . . attach themselves^ to^ pretty play- 
THINGS like yourself, it b hignly unbecom- 
ing in you to forget your proper distance. 




d,xf^ Burns, Merry Muses^ ' They 
Took Me,' &c They took me to the 
Holy Band For playing by [ =s away from] 
my wife. Sirs. 

Phrases: — ^To play artful 
= to feign simplicity, to keep a 
card or two up one's sleeve ; TO 


MISCHIEF, Ned, &c.) = to thrust, 
to spoil, to ruin ; TO play off = 
(i) to simulate, and (2) to expose 
to merriment, and (3) to make 
an end ; to play on (or 
upon) = to trifle with ; to play 
UP = (i) to do one*s best, and 
(2) to be troublesome ; TO play 
UP TO = to take one's cue from 
another ; played up (or out) = 
used up, or ruined ; to play 
WITH one's beard = to deceive ; 
TO PLAY IT LOW = to take ad- 
vantage ; TO PLAY LIGHT = (l) 
to take it easy, and (2) to keep 
one's temper ; to play for = to 
deal with generally ; TO play 
dark = to conceal one's character 
or motive ; TO play the whole 
GAME = to cheat ; TO play 
least in sight = to hide ; to 
PLAY TO the gas (theatrical) = 
to play to small audiences {see 

qUOt. 1899) ; TO PLAY TO THE 

GALLERY (theatrical) = to rant, 
to gag, to use the coarsest . 
and cheapest means ; TO play 
IT off = to cheat ; TO PLAY 
the sovereign = to flatter an 
inferior ; to make good play 
= to work to advantage, or with 
execution ; to come into play 
:= to take one's turn, or share ; 

TO PLAY fair (or FALSE) = tO 

act or deal honestly (or the re- 
verse) ; TO PLAY one's cards 
well = to advance one's interests; 


to advantage ; to KEEP (or hold) 
IN PLAY = to retain control, 
keep things going, or to engage ; 
TO PLAY the giddy GOAT = tO 

behave like a fool ; to play 
WITH = to trifle ; TO play upon 

ADVANTAGE = to cheat ; to PLAY 
IN AND OUT = to trifle ; PLAYED 

OUT = exhausted, ruined, done 


AND FORK {see KNIFE, and add 

quot 1749) ; TO PLAY THE 

GAME = to do honestly at what- 
ever cost ; TO PLAY DIDDLE- 

DIDDLE = to trick, to cajole ; to 
PLAY THE DUCK = (I) to go Con- 
trary, or against the grain : as 
ducks are plucked, and (2) to 
prove a coward ; TO play off 
one's DUST = to drink. Other 

f)roverbial sayings are : * She's 
ike a cat, she'll play with her 
tail,' of a wanton ; * The play 
won't pay the candles ' (or * the 
acting IS not worth the lights ') = 
the end is not worth the means 
or risk ; * He'll play a small 
game rather than stand out,' of 
a meddler or busybody. Also 


BERRY ; Harry ; hell ; hob 


1383- Chaucer, Cant, Tmles^ L 
131x63. Til we be dfed, or else that we 
PLAY a pilgrimage [rlr., to play off or 
pretend to go a pilgrimage]. 

x^oa Y0rk. Myst. [Oliphant, New 
Enghsh^ L 19^. There are the new 
phrases . . . spille sport, play pair, ftc]. 

1585. Tyndale, Works [Parker 
Soc.], ii. 1^. Ah soon as be bath played 
OUT all bis lusts ... he cometb again 
with bis old profession. 

X53a Skelton [Dycs, Works^ ii. 
S03]. What blunderer is yonder that 
playth didil-oipdil. 




15^4. ASCHAM, T0X9pkiluS {Arbbr], 
97. Men PLAY WITH laws. 

1566. R. Edwards, Daman ami 
Pythias [Narks]. Yet have I play'd 
WITH HIS BEARD, io Icnittlog thU knot I 
promist friendship, but ... I meant it 

1506. Shakspbarb, Hamlet t iii. 9. 
Thougn you can fret me you cannot play 
UPON me. 

1598. Shakspbarb, / Hen. IV. , v. 4. 
Art thou alive ? Or u it fantasy that plays 
upon our eyesiffht? I prithee, speak. 
Ibtd.^ ii. 4. They call drinking deep, 
dyeing scarlet ; and when you breathe in 
your watering, they cry ' beni ! ' and bid 
you play it off. 

z6oa ToNSON, Cynthia's Revels^ iv. 
z. If she hath played loose with me, 
111 cut her throat. 

1609. JoNSON, Case is Altered^ iv. 5. 
Is't not enough That you have played 
UPON me all tbu while, But still to mock 
me, still to jest at me. 

x6ta Beaumont and Flbtchbr, 
Maiets Tragedy^ iv. i. Do not play 
with mine anger. 

1653. Urquhart, Rabelais. \. xliL 
By God ! whoever of our party snail offer 
TO PLAY the duck ... 1 give mywlf to 
the devil if 1 do noc make a monk of him. 

170C W Mi^JLWiHt Cof^federaeyt UL 
Flip. Brass, the game is in our lumds if 
we can but play the cards. 

X749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge (1866), 14. Domingo, after play- 
ing A good knipb and fork, and getting 
gloriously muddled, took himself off to the 
stable. lbid.t 143. Ortiz . . . was deter- 
mined TO play up to my mistress. Ibid.^ 
108. The little fellow . . . was but ju-st 

COMING INTO PLAY. Ibid, (l8t2)^ iii. 83. 

' What dost thou think of my lodging and 
oeconomy?' 'Thou must have certainly 
PLAYED THY CARDS Well at Madrid, to be 
so well furnished. 

1778. Sheridan, Rttnils^ ii. z. You 
rely upon the mildness of my temper . . . 
you PLAY UPON the meekness of my dis- 
position. Ibid.^ ii. a. You play false 
with us, madam — I saw you give the 
baronet a letter. 

Z849. Macaulay, HoreUius^ xxix. 
Hew down the bridge. Sir Consul, With 
all the speed ye may ; I with two more lo 
help me. Will hold the foe in play. 

z868-9. Browning, Rii^ and Book^ 
vi. Why play . . . into the devil's 
hands Dy dealing so ambiguously. 

z86[?]. Bret Harte, Further L. 
from Truthful Jatnes. Is our investiga- 
tion a failure, or is the Caucasian played 


z88a. Fortnightly Review, 88. 
After all there is some refreshing sense of 
the primaeval about this played-out 

1888. Henley and Stevenson, 
Deacon Brodie, i. You play false, you 
hound ! 

z888. MiLLiKKS, 'A rry Ballads. , . 
Bin playing some dark little game ? 

189a. Zangwill in leller, Feb., 6a. 
I think it's playing it too low upon a 
chap. It's taking a mean advantage of 
my position. 

1895. PocoCK, Rules qf the Game, 
iL You can ride on the waggon if you 
are too played out for a saddle horse. 

X898. Newbolt, Admirals All, az. 
The word that, year by year, While . . . 
School is set . . . her sons must hear. 
And none . . . forget. This, they all, 
with joyful mind, Bear through life like a 
torch in flame, And falling, fling to the 
hosts behind, Play up, play up, and 
play the game 1 

Z899. Daily Mail, z6 Mar., 7, t. 
Playing to the gas is used in the general 
sense in reference to small audiences, but 
strictly it means that an audience was only 
large enough to render receipts sufficient 
to pay the bill for the evening s lighting. 

Pleasure, subs, (venery).— The 
sexual spasm : Fr. le plaisir. 
Hence, the art of pleasure 
= the practise of love ; the 

DEED OF PLEASURE = the act of 

kind ; pleasure-boat (-gar- 
den, -GROUND, or -place) = the 
female pudendum : also the 

palace of PLEASURE : J« MONO- 

PADLOCK = the menstrual cloth ; 


PLEASURE) = a harlot : Fr. fille 
dejoie ; A votary of pleasure 
=a whoiemonger (Bailey, 1748); 
to pleasure (or please) a 




WOMAN = to give her an orgasm 
(as the Duchess of Marlborough 
wrote in her diary that the Duke 
had PLEASURED her thrice ' in his 

e. 1 50a Robertt the Deuyll [ H azlitt, 
Early Pop. Poetry. L 293]. He toke her 
in hys armes, and her kyste ; And of that 
Lady he had all hys plbasurb, And so 
begate a chylde. 

<£z590. Skblton, PhylM Sparowe. 
TZ94. Her kyrtell so soodly lased, Ana 
TDoer that is brased [ready] Such pla- 
SUKES that I may NeyUier wryte nor say. 

1504. LvLY, Mother Bombie^ iii. 4. 
Rix. If you take your plbasurb of me, 
lie in and tell yoor practises against your 
masters. HtUf. In faith, soure hart, he 
that takes his plbasurb on thee, is very 


Z596. Davibs. Epigrams, ' In 
Katam,' viiL Kate being plbasbd, 
wished that her pleasure could Endure 
as long as a buff jerkin would : Content 
thee, Kate, although thy pleasure 
wasteth. Thy pleasure's place like a 
buff jerkin lasteth. 

1605. Chapman, All Fools, L z. All 
dav in ceaseless uproar with their house« 
holds, If all the night their husbands have 
not PLEASED them. 

z6o8. Shakspbarb, Pericles, u z. 
Untimely claspings with your child (which 
PLEASURE fits a nusband, not a father); 
And she an eater of her mother's flesh. 

Z633. Webster, Duckets of Malfi, 
V. 9. We that are great women of 
PLEASURE . . . join the sweet delight and 
the pretty excuse together. 

f.z640-3. Shirley, Captain Under- 
wit, L Custome and nature make it less 
offence In women to commit the deed op 
PLEASURE Than men to doubt their 

z66^-85. Old Ballad, * Poor Robin's 
Propheiie. Your Lady op pleasure 
. . . will then become modest, and . . . 
live like a Nun in a Cloyster all day. 

z68z. Radcliffe, Ovid Trav., 30. 
When first with plbasurb I lay under 
you, Would yo'd been lighter by a stone 
or two. 

Z736. Tacob, Eape <(ftke Smock, az. 
And araently round Celia's waist he twines 
. . . Soft pleasure now succeeds an age 
of pain* 

Z749. Smollett, {;r7^iSsf(z8za), il 
77. Is it possible that a person of sudi 
delicacy can be a laov of pleasure? 
Ibid, [Routlbxksb], 89. A celebrated 
wanton . . . keeping open house night 
and day for the votaries op pleasure. 
She was ... so perfect a mistress in the 
ART OF PLEASURE that she sold the waste 
and refuse of her beauty at a higher price 
than the first sample of the unadulterated 
article. Ibid,, a86.^ Whether pimpbg 
was a virtue or a vice . . . what a pro- 
motion for me to be the provider of 
PLEASURE to a great prince. Ibid,, aaa. 
Yon cannot help admitting, that where a 
young man does insinuate himself slily 
mto a girl's bedchamber, he takes better 
care oThis own pleasure than of her 

Z754. Earl of Cork, Connoisstw 
[England in iSthCenittry, u 47]. I was 

S resent at an entertainment where a cele- 
rated lady of pleasure was one of the 
party ; her shoe was pulled off . . . filled 
. . . with champagne and drank off to her 

1773. Bridges, Burlesque Horner^ 
97. A fine long nose, and proper measure 
... to give the fair ones plbasurb. 
Ibid,, 344. He'd done his best to please. 
Ibid,299' Patroclus' bed was warm'd the 
last. And he his nights in pleasure past 
By a fair maiden's side. 

d, Z796. BuRN^ Merry Muses, * O, Saw 
Ye my Mangier' My Maggie has a 
treasure, A hidden mine o' pleasure. 111 
heuk it at my leisure. It's a' aUne for me. 
Ibid, 'Nine-Inch,' &c I learned a sang 
in Annandale, Nine-inch will please a 

z8a7. LvTTON, Pelkam, xlix. The 
rest were made up of unfortunate women 
of the vilest . . . decrepit, but indeftti- 
gable VOTARIES of pleasure. 

z866. Swinburne, Poems and Bai" 
lads, * In the Orchard.' The pleasure 
lives there, when the sense has di«L 
* Dolores' Pleasure more salt than the 
foam^ of the sea^ Now felt as a flame, now 
at leisure. As wine shed for me. Et passim, 

Pleb, subs, (Westminster School). 
— A tradesman's son. 

Plebe, subs. (American Collegiate). 
— A freshman ; specifically one 
in the lowest class at West Point. 
Hence plbbeskin = a freshman's 




1888. Ntw York IVarid 92 July. 
West Point, N.Y., July ai.— The fourth 
class entered camp on Monday, but are 
still wearing their plkbeskins. 

Pledge, suds, (colloquial). — A 

1692. Fletcher, S/. Curafe, i. 3. 
'Tis the curse Of great estates to want 
those PLEDGES which The poor are happy 

1751. Smollett, Per. PickU (1895), 
liL 12a. In a few hours a living plsdce 
of my love and indiscretion saw the light. 

Verb. (Winchester School). — 
To give away. 'Pledge me' 
= * After you * ; * Til pledge it 
you when I have done with it : 

cf. POSTS TE. 

Plenipo, subs, (old colloquial). — I. 
A plenipotentiary. 

1697. Vanbrugh. Provoked IVi/e^ 
iii. z. I'll . . . say toe plenipos have 
signed the peace, and the Bank of Eng- 
land's grown honest. 

1740. North, Examen^ 297. White- 
acre . . . was the treason plenipo at that 



1815. D'Arblav, Diary^ 329. We 
were buoyed up . . . with the hope that 
G neral Laurington was gone to England 


2. (venery). — The penis: see 

<:.i786. Capt. Morris, The Pleni- 
potentiary [Title and>afxr>f]. 

Plier, subs, (common). — The hand : 
su Daddle. 

Ploll-cat, subs, (old).— A whore : 
see Tart. 

Plough, verb. (University).— i. 
To reject in an examination. [See 
infra Smyth- Palmer on Pluck.] 

1863. Rkaob, Hard Cash^ Prol. 
Gooseberry pie . . . adds to my chance of 
being ploughed for smalls. 

1877. DrivoH to Rome^ 68. These 
two promisiog specimens were not 
ploughed, but were considered fit to 
teach that ... of which they were so 
lamentably ignorant themselves. 

1895. PococK. RuUs o/tko Game, L 
I knew one of that lot at Corpus ; in fact, 
we were crammed by the same Tutor for 
' smalls,' and both got ploughed. 

1900. White, Pi^est End, 148. ' I'll 
pay you back directly I have passed ' . . . 
'Hut suppose you're ploughed.'^ 'Well, 
then, I suppose you'll have to wait.' 

Verb, (venery). — To copulate : 
see Greens and Ride. 

1608. Shakspearb, PerieUs, vL 6. 
Bawd Take her . . . use her . . . crack 
the glass of her virginity . . . Boult. 
She shall be ploughed. Ibid., Ant. tmd 
CUop., ii. 2, 332. Royal wench ! She 
made great Cesar lay hu sword to bed : 
He plough'u her and she cropped. 


phr. (rhyming). — To sleep. 

THE OXEN, verb. pkr. (old). — To 
reverse ; * to put the cart before 
the horse.* 

1653. Urquhart, Rabelais, i. He 
would PUT the plough beporb the 
oxEx, and claw where it did not itch. 

Proverbial phrases are : — 

To plough WITH ASS AND 0X = 

to sort or do things ill ; to let 


MOUSE = to neglect weighty 
matters for small ; TO plough 
THE air (or A ROCK) = to at- 
tempt the absurd or impossible. 

Ploughed, adj. and adv. (com- 
mon). — Drunk : see Screwed. 

PLOUQH8HARE, subs, (venery).— 
The penis : see Prick. 

1865. Swinburne, Atalanta, &*€., 
107. Thou, I say Althea. since my father's 
ploughshare, drawn Through fatal seed- 
land of a female field. Furrowed thy body. 

Plover, subs. (old). — A wanton : 

cf. partridge, PHEASANT, and 

GROUSE : sec Tart. 




185^ ^vtSTJLiit Eng.Univ.^ %^Z. If 
a man is plucked— that is, does not set 
marks enough to pays — hb chance of a 
Fellowship is done for. 

x886. Stdbbs, Medieval and Mod, 
History f 386. I trust that I have never 
PLUCKBD a candidate . . . without ^ving 
him every opportunity of setting hunself 

2. (venery). — To deflower : see 

z6o8. Shakspeare, Pericles^ vL s> 
Never plucked yet, I can assure you. Is 
she not a fair creature. 

Against the pluck, adv.phr, 
(old). — Against the inclination. — 
Grose (1785). 

To PLUCK THE Riband, verb, 
phr, (old). — 'See quot — Grose 


C.1696. B. K.fDict. Cant. Crew^ s.v. 
Pluck the Riband, or Pluck Sir Okion, 
ring the Bell at the Tavern. 

See Crow ; Pigeon ; Nose ; 

Pluck-penny, subs, phr, (old). — 
See qaot 

1643. Theeots^ Tfuetfes, 3. He that 
is once so skilled in the art of gaming as to 
play at Pluck penny, will quickly come 
to sweepstake. 

Pluq, stibs, (common). — i. A silk 
hat : also plug-hat : see Gol- 

1873. Clemens, Innocents at Home, 
... A nigger in a biled shirt and a 

1 883. Eclectic Mag. Cssar was the 
implacable foe of the aristocracy, and 
refused to wear a plug-hat up to the day 
of his death. 

2. (common). — A man or beast, 
short and thick-set : see Forty- 

1872. Clrmkns, Innocents at Home, 
An old PLIK3-HORSE, that eat up his 
market value in hay and barley in seven- 
teen days by the watch. 

x888. Brooklyn Daily Eagle, sa 
ApriL Some . . . screamed with delisiit, 
and others . . . anathemised the jockey 
who rode the plug they had barked. 

3. (artisans'). — A workman 
whose apprenticeship has been 
irregular; a turn-over {q,v.)\ 
specifically (in America) a crafts- 
man who has learned his business 
in casual or evening classes. Such 
teaching is called plug-teach- 

4. (common). — Anything 
damaged or deteriorated : as an 
unsuccessful book ; an old horse ; 
coins bored full of holes and 
plugged with base metal ; a shop- 
soiled bicycle ; and so forth. Also 
OLD PLUG. Hence (generally) 
PLUG = any defect — moral, physi- 
cal, or otherwise. 

1888. Texas Si/tings, 3 Nov. Can't 
sell you a ticket K>r that quarter; it's 

5. (schools*)* — A translation ; a 
CRIB \q,v,) ; a pony {q,v,), 

1853. Bradley, Verdant Green, 
Getting up his subjects by the aid of those 
royal roads to knowledge, variously known 
as cribs, crams, plugs, abstracts, auialyses, 
or epitomes. 

6. (American). — A loafer, well- 
dressed or other : see Plug- 

Verb, (Western States). — i. 
To hit with a bullet. 

2. (venery). — To copulate : see: 
Greens and Ride. 

Pluq- HAT. See Plug, subs, i. 

Pluq-tail, subs. phr. (old).— The 
penis: see Prick. — Grose (1785) . 

Pluq-uqly, subs, phr. (American). 
— A Baltimore street rowdy, circ^^ 
1860-80. Hence any loafer or 
rough [q,v,\ 




1876. Prcvidttiet Joumalt 30 Sep. 
The Democrats are getting up a soldiers' 
convention at Indianapolis. As Union 
soldiers are scarce in the Democrat ranks, 
many are recruited from the pluc-ugubs 
of ^timore. 

1891. Daily TelegriUk^ x^ July, p. 5. 
coL z. The plug-ugly, the 'deadrabDit, 
and the Califomian ' hoodlum ' are as racy^ 
of the soil of America as the ' larrikin ' is 
of that of Australia. 

1896. Crank, Mag^e^ xiv. And 
she goes off with that plug-ugly, who 
looks as if he had been hit in the face with 
a coin die. 

Plum (or Plumb), ji/^j. (common). 
— I. ;^ioo,ooo ; a fortune : su 
Rhino. Hence, a rich man. — 
Grosr (1785). 

X709>zz. Stbelb, Tailer^ No. 344. 
An honest gentleman who sat next to me. 
and who was worth half a plumb, stared 
at him. 

^1721. Prior, Tfu LadUt MoraL 
The Miser must make up his Plumb, And 
dares not touch the hoarded Sum. 

C.Z7Z9. Visum 0/ Justice [quoted in 
Century\ Several who were plums, or 
very near it, became men of moderate 

Z766. Colman, Clandtstine Mar- 
riagty iiL My brother Heidelberg was a 
warm man, a very warm man ; and died 
worth a plumb at least. 

x83Z. Egan, Lift in London^ u. v. 
Then your visit to Almack's will be at 
least worth a plum to you. 

Z844. Thackbray, Barry Lyndon^ 
xiii. An English tallow-chandler's heiress, 
with a PLUM to her fortune. 

z89a BoLDREWOOD, SyuaiUr^s 
Dream^ Z04. Twenty years on the 
Warroo with the certainty of a plum and 
a baronetcy at the end. 

z^9. Bbsant, Orangt Girl^ 56. 
You tne only son of Sir Peter Hailiday 
... the heir to a plum— what do I say ? 
Three or four plums at the least. 

2. (common). — A good thing ; 
a tit-bit : also as cuij, \q.v, ). 

1889. Acadtmy^ 3 Nov., 38a The 
reviewer who picks all the plums out of a 
book ... is regarded with . . . terror . . . 
by both authors and publishers. 

1899. The Writtr^ 190 \(:etUury\ 
Often, iiKleed, the foot-note contains the 
very plum of the page. 

Adj, (old). — A general ap- 
preciative : good ; desirable ; 
exactly ; quite ; dextrously ; 
thorough -going. Whence also 
PLUMB-CBNTRB = exactly at the 
centre : as a plummet hangs. — 
Gross (1785): Vaux (18 19). 


z667. Milton, Paradise Lost, iL 
9:^> He meets a vast vacuity, all ud- 
awares. Fluttering his pennons vain, 
plumb down he faOs. 

1748. RiCHARDSONj Clarissa, iv. 363. 
Neither can an opposition, neither can a 
minbtry be always wrong. To be a 
plumb man therefore with either is an 
infallible mark that the inan must mean 
more and worse than he will own he does 

i<Jz9. .S"^*^, 'The Young Png* 
[Farmer, Musa Pedestris (z^6)* Ss]. 
Frisk the cly, and fork the rag. Draw the 
fogies plummy. 

Z830. Barrikgton, Personal 
Sketches [Bartlbtt]. The best way to 
avoid danger is to meet it plumb. 

Z850. Rkid, Osceola, 415. W« seed 
'em both fire acrost the gleed. an' right 
plum-centrb at young Randolph. 

Z867. London Herald, 33 March, 
333, z. Ain't this ere plummy^ 

Z876. Gborgb Eliot, Dasu'el De- 
rondoj xvL The ipoets have made tragedies 
enougn about signins oneself over to 
wickeidness for the sake of getting some- 
thing PLUMMY. 

Z883. Century Magazine, xxzvi. 
90a O Sal, Sal, my heart ar* plum broke. 

z888. San Francisco Weekly Rx- 
aminer. I'm awful fond o' po'try^us* 
plumb crazy ovah it. 

Z895. PococK, Rules of tke Games, 
II. la But^ doc, he ain't plumb stove up ; 
He ain't going to die here in this goal 3. 

1898. >yiNTHROP, Cecil Drteme, vi. 
How refreshing to find such a place and 
such n person plump in the middle of New 

Verb, (common).' — To deceive : 
see Gammon. 

See Blue plum. 


233 Plum-puddtnger. 

Plum-duff, subs.phr, (naatical). — 
Plum -dumpling ; spotted-dog 

Plump, subs, (old).— A blow.— 
Grose (1785). Also plumper. 

1773. Bridgbs, Burlesque Homer ^ 
378. Gave me a plumper on the jaw, 
And cry'd : Pox take you I 

Adj, and adv» (old : now recog- 
nised).—!. Exactly ; downright ; 
quite. Also as verb, = to meet 
in more or less violent contact ; 
and PLUMPLY (or plump and 
plain) = without reserve, roundly. 


[OuPHANT, New English, I 441. We see 
' The waters plumpbd together ' ; hence 
oar * going plump into a thing.'] 

16x4. Bbaumont and Flbtchbr, 
IVit at Severed Weapons, i. i. The art 
of swimming he that will attain to't, Must 
fall PLUMP and duck himself at first. 

1778. BoRNBV, Evelina, Iv. Plump 
we comes against a cart, with such a jog it 
almost pulled the coach-wheel off. 

2. (old : now recognised). — 
Fat. full, fleshy.— Grose (1785). 
Hence, plump in the pocket 
= with plenty of money ; warm 

Verb, (political).— I. To record 
a whole- (1.^., an unsplit-) vote. 
Whence plumper = (i) the voter 
and (2) the vote. Also (racing) 
= to back one horse ; and 
(general) = ' to put all one's ^;gs 
in one bisket.'- Grose (1785). 

i87x.a. G. Eliot, Middlemarch,^, 
Mr. Brooke's success must depend either 
on PLUMPERS, or on the new minting of 
Tory votes into reforming votes. 

1885. Westminster Rev. [Century]. 
The}^ refused to exercise their right of 
electing local members, and plumpbd for 
Earl Grey himself in 1848. 

2. (old). — To strike ; to shoot. 

— <jROSE (1785). 

3. See adJ, and adv.^ sense i. 

Plumper, subs, (common). — i. An 
unqualified falsehood : see Whop- 

2. (common). — A device for 
puffing out to smoothness the 
wrinkles of the cheeks. — Grose 
(1785). Also a false bosom. 

t6[?]. London Ladies Dressing 
Room [Narbs]. And that the cheeks may 
bodi agree Their plumpers fill the cavity. 

</.i745. Swift, Young Nymph. Now 
desirously her plumpers draws, That 
serve to fill her hollow jaws. 

177a. Bridges, Burlesque Homer, 
xa3. Unless I dress your plumpers out 
. . . Then you'll ... be willing To earn 
a sixpence or a shilling. 

3. (political and general). — 
See Plump, verb.— G^os^ (1785). 

4. See Plump, subs. 

Plump-currant, adj, and adu, 
(old). — In |;ood condition ; in 
fettle ; in high spirits. — Gross 


Plum-PORRIDOE, subs, phr, (old). 
— A term of contempt : cf. 


1634. Shakspbare and Flbtchbr, 
Two Noble Kinsmen, ii. 3. I'll be handed 
though If he dare venture; hang htm, 
plum-porridgb 1 He wrestle ? he roast 

Plump- PATE, subs, (old).— A block- 
head : su Buffer. 

Plum -PUOOINQER, subs. phr. 
(American). — A small whaler 
making short voyages. [ Century : 
the crew is dieted on fresh pro- 
visions and an abundance of 

18 [?]. Scammon, Marine Mammals, 
341. Provincetown has ever been foremost 
with her numerous fleet (^ plum-pud- 




Plum-tree, subs, (venery).— The 
female pucUndum : see Mono- 
syllable. Whence have at 
THE PLUM-TREE, a provcrbial 
phrase, or the burden of a song. 

£.1547. Mariagt of Witt tuul IVis- 
dome, z6. I was neuer stained but once 
falling out of my mother's plumtre. 

159^ Shakspeare, ^ Henrv K/., iL 
I. Su/. How earnest thou so? [lame]. 
Stm^. A fall off of a tree. IVife. A plum- 
tree, master. Glou. How long hast thou 
been blind? Simp, O, bom so, master. 

z6xr. COTGRAVB, />jV/.,s.v. HocfU' 
prunitr, A Plum-tsbe shaker, a man's 

Plunder, subs, (American). — i. 
Hoosehold goods ; personal 
effects ; baggage. [M. D. plun- 
der = household effects.] 

<£x834. Coleridge, Letters^ 2x4. 
They [Americans] had mistaken the Eng- 
lish language for baggage (which b called 
plunder in America), and had stolen it 

1846. Major Jones's Courtship, X65. 
Old Bosen was gomg to have more n his 
match to pull us, they'd put in so much 
PLUNDER, Two trunks, bandboxes, &c 

1859. Hoffman, Winter in the 
West, xxxiii. * Help yourself, stranger,' 
added the landlord, 'while I tote your 
PLUNDER into the otoer room.' 

X873. Lynch Law in the Sftcker 
State, On Sundajr afternoon, two long 
dag-outs, loaded with plunder, stoppM 
at the cabin . . . This was the family and 
property of Hank Harris. 

2. (common). — Profit ; mak- 
ings {q.v,), 

Plunqe, verb, (racing). —To bet 
recklessly. Hence a plunge = 
a reckless bet ; plunging = 
gambling for high stakes ; plun- 
ger = a reckless gambler. [£.^.» 
the Marquis of Hastings, the first 
so-called. One night he played 
three games of draughts for ^ looo 
a game and lost sdl three. He 
then * cut ' for ;^500 a * cut ' and 

lost £socx> in less than two hours. 
Benzon (the Jubilee Plunger) lost 
;£'250,ooo in little more than 
twelve months.] 

1880. Fortnightly Review, 319. 
Plunging was the order of the day. 

xSoa Sims, in Referee, ao Ap., 
' Rondeau of the Knock.' One plunger 
more has had his little flare, And then 
came Monday when he couldn't ' square.' 

X89X. Lie. Vict. Gas., 3 Ap. The 
Squire of Kingscote took to plunging amd 
shaking hb elbow at baccarat nearly every 

Z90Z. Free Lance^ p Feb., 471, x. 
Sponging on their friends m order to settle 
their Stock Exchange "differences" . . . 
Husbands are ruined in a day by the 
secret plunging of their wives. 

Plunger, subs, (military).— i. A 
cavalry man. 

1857. KiNGSLEV, Two Years Ago, 
xvi. It's an insult to the whole Guards, 
my dear fellow, after refusing two of us, to 
marry an attorney, and after all to bolt 

with a PLUNGER. 

2. See Plunge, verb, 

3. (clerical). — A Baptist. 

Plush, subs, (nautical). — I. See 

1867. Smyth, Sailors* Word Book, 
s.v. Plush . . . The overplus of the 
gravv, arising from being distributed in a 
smaller measure than the true one, and 
assigned to the cook of each mess, becomes 
a cause of irregularity. 

2. (venery). — The pubic hair: 
see Fleece. 

John Plush, subs, pkr, (com- 
mon). — A footman : ch Thacke- 
ray, The Yeilowplush Correspan- 
detuey by Charles Yellow plush, 

Plyer, subs, (old).--A crutch.— 
B. E. (r.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

2. (old). — A trader. — Grose 




POCK-PUDDINQ, subs, phr, (old 
Scots'). — A bag-pudding : hence, 
by force of metaphor, a glutton : 
especially an Englishman : whose 
appetite the Scotchman affected 
to despise, even as he hated and 
enviea him for its manifold oppor- 

17VX Burt, Letters^ L i^, 138. "Tis 
from this notion of the people, that my 
countrymen not only here, out all over 
Scotland, are dignified with the title of 
PoKB-PUDDiNG, which, according to the 
sense of the word among the natives, 
signifies a glutton. 

.... Hbrd. Scot. Songs (1776), i. 
1 1 8. They'll fright the fuds of the Pock • 
PUDS, For mony a buttock bare's coming. 

Pocky. See Pox. 

Poo, subs, (colloquial). — I. A foot : 
specifically of children. Hence, 
TO POD = to toddle. 

2. A protuberant belly ; a 

BELLY. Hence, pod-bellied 
(poddy, or IN pod) = (i) fat or 
stout : of men ; and (2) pregnant, 
lumpy (^.z'.) : of women. Hence, 
too, podgy, pudgy, and pudsey, 
See Pot. 

1750. Richardson^ Granducn. ^L 
33a. He . . . kissed its forehead, its 
cheek, its lips, its little pudsbv hands, 
first one, then the other. 

1836. DiCKBNS, Boz^ X. The vestry 
clerk, as everybody knows, is a short, 
pudgy, little man in black. 

1845. Th ACKBRAV, Comkill to Caxro^ 
iii. The good old man ! I wish I had had 
a shake of that trembling podgy hand 
somehow before he went. Ibid. (1854X 
Ntwconus^ viL She . . . with infinite 
grace put forward one of the pudgy little 
hands, in one of the dirty gloves. 

1871. Mathew Arnold, Friend- 
shi/s Gariand, v. A blond and dis- 
orderly mass of tow-like hair, a podgy 
and sanguine countenance. 

X885. Field, 17 Oct. A good little 
spaniel if she was not shown so fat and 

3. (Scots'). — A louse : 


PODQE, subs, (colloquial).— I. A 
fat man or woman. 

2. (old).— An epaulette. 

183^. Makkv AT, Peter Simple, . . . 
To put It into the wame of yon man with 
the gold podge on his shoulder, who has 
dared to affront the bluid of McFay. 

PODDY, adj. (colloquial). — i. 
Drunk : see Drinks and 

2. See Pod, sense 2. 

POOUNK, subs. (American).— An 
imaginary place' : in burlesque. 

Poem, subs, (colloquial).— A foolish 
appreciative : as a well-cooked 
dish ; a pretty dress ; a smart-cut 
coat, ana so forth. 

1898. Pelican, 19 Feb., 17. Certain 
newly-shaped pieces, which, instead of 
being called by old-time English names 
are now referred to as bifurcated " Wattean 
visions " — " dreams " — " creations " 


1899. Illustrated Bits, 9$ Mar., 15, 
a. Your dress is charming — a perfect 
POEM in curves. 

POET-SUCKER, subs. phr. (old collo- 
quial). — A budding poet : cf. 

1^5. JoNSON, Staple 0/ News, iv. 2. 
What says my pobt-suckbr? He's chew- 
ing hu muse's cud. 

Poet'8-walk, subs. phr. (Eton).— 
The tea served to Upper Club, 
on half holidays, in River-walk. 



POQRAM, subs, (old).— A Dissenter ; 
a formalist; a puritanical starch 
maw- worm ; a creak- shoes 
(^.».).— HoTTEN (1864). 




POQY, adj, (old). — Drunlc^ See 
Drinks and Screwed.— Grose 
(1785) ;Halliwell (1847). \Cf, 

(BbE, 1823) • POGEY - AQUA— 

long-shore for— make the grog 


1881. New York Slang Diet, 4a. 
Without his bloss to prevent hun from 
getting POGY. 

Point, subs, (colloquial).— In ^/.= 
Beaaties : of women or children : 
accepted as applied to the charac- 
teristics of animals. 

137a Torrent 0/ Portugal [Halli- 
WSLLJ, 1910. This lady . . . delyvered 
were, Of men children two. In poyntbs 
they were gent, And like they were to Ser 

Possession is nine (or 


phr. (colloquial). — Said in depre- 
cation of any attempt to change 
things as they are, or to seek 

1749^ Smollett, Gil Bias [Root- 
LBDGBj, 368. At least she had possession, 
and that is nine points of the law, 
though scarcely one of honesty. 

Phrases, more or less collo- 
quial, are numerous. They mostly 
centre on a figurative use of point 
= (i) a sharp end, or (2) a small 
but well-defined spot : as a dot, 
a speck, a hole, a mon^ent, &c 
To see (tell, or make plain) 
A point = to understand (narrate 
or explicate) the drift, or appli- 
cation of a thing: as an argu- 
ment, a narrative, a detail ; TO 

POINT = to esteem lightly ; 

POINT (like PIN, RAP, CENT, &C.) 

= the smallest standard of value ; 


take down one's breeches, and 
hence (2) to ease one*s bowels ; 
POINT = a tagged lace, used of 
old to keep Qoublet and hose 
together; TO give point to 

(or BRING A point TO BEAR ON) 

=: to emphasise : also to point ; 


to the root of a matter ; TO boil 


(i) to condense: as a paragraph, 
and (2) to balance : as an account ; 


= to exceed a limit (Grose) ; 


Strive (or insist) to an end, and 
(2) to elicit a detail or make a 
desired impression (also to 

PROVE one's point) ; TO GAIN 

one's point = to effect a pur- 
pose ; TO stand on points = 
to be punctilious ; TO BE at a 
POINT = to be determined ; TO 
COME TO POINTS = to fight : with 
swords ; TO give points to = 
( i) to have (or give) an advantage, 
and (2) to impart exclusive or 
valuable information, TO TIP 
{q.v.)i also pointers; at all 
POINTS = completely ; at (or in) 
THE POINT = (i) ready, and (2) 
in the act of; in good point = 
in good condition (Fr. embon- 
point) ; IN POINT = apropos ; IN 
point of = as regards ; point 
FOR POINT = exactly ; TO point 
= completely ; beyond a point 
= in excess; a point in favour 
= an advantage in hand ; full 
of point = epigrammatic, effec- 
= its end or purpose ; at Point 
Nonplus = hard up, in Queer 
St. (q.v,) ; AT POINT blank = 
immediately, direct. See also 
Cuckold's Point; Potato; 
Spear; and V. 

xisa William 0/ Paleme [B. E. 
T. S.J, T07. Armed at alle poyntbs. 

1358. Chaucer, Parliament of 
Fowls [Chaucer Soc.], 76. [Oliphant, 
New Eng.f i. Z12. Another verb is 
dropped m to the poynte.] 

13501 Gaytkigg [Relig. Piece* 
(E. El. T. S.), 29]. And prove his poynt 





X363. Langland, Piers Plowmmns 
CruU [Wright], L 1676. But for I am a 
lewed man, Paraunter I myghte Passen 
par adventure, And in some poynt errcn. 

Rom. ofFartenay [E. E. T. S. ], 

339a. Where she no point bad of diffame 
no dais. 

.... PALLADIOS,/^«W^MU^r»r[E. E. 

T. S.], Z54. And over yere thai wc4 been 


X383. Chaucbr, Cant. TaUs^ ProL, 
X36. He was a lord ful fat and in good 
POYNT. Ibid., Man of Lames Tale^ 332. 
Lordes ... ye knowen evericb on, How 
that my sone in point is for to lete The 
holy law£s of our Alkaron. Ibid., Menkes 
TaU. He can al devyse Fro point to 
point, nat o word wol be faille. 

c.i4oa The Smyth and his Dame 
[Hazutt, Early Pop. Poet. iiL 319]. But 
here a poynt I gyub the, Themayster 
shall thov yet be Of all thy craft trvely. 

ci44a MsRUN [R. R. T. S.], il 35a 
Amaunt be>thought hym that he myght 
come neuer in bbttbr poynt to conquere 
his Castell. Ibid.t \. zo6. Thei cowde 
not in h^ espie no povntb of covetise. 
/3f(t£,, iii. 56a. The tbirde was Monevall, 
that was a noble knyght, and richely 
armed of alls pointes. 

^1530. SicsLTON, Bowge <f/ Courtet 
346. But TO THE POYNTE sbortely to 

1564. Udall, Apoph. Eras.t 8. In 
matters not worth a blewb poinct . . . 
we will spare for no cost. 

zsSa Sidney, Arcadia, L But in 
what particular points the oiacle was, in 
fiuth I know not. 

Z587. Harrison, Desc. of England 
[Ouphant, New Eng., 11. 3. Among the 
Romance words are. . . at point blank, 


Z590. Spenser, Faerie Queene, i. iL 
X3. Full large of hmbe and every joint 
He was, and cared not for God or man 


Z593. Shakspearb, Mid, Nights 
Dream, v. i, zz8. This fellow doth not 
STAND upon points. Ibid. (1^94^, Henry 
VI,, iv. 7. Now art thou within point- 
blank of our jurisdiction legal. Ibid. 
('z«o6), Hamlet, i. 3. A figure like your 
father, Armed at point exactly, Cap-a*pe, 
kpytin before them. Ibid. (Z598). 2 Hen, 
Iv., iL 4. Give me some sack : and, 
sweetheart, lie thou there. \Laying dawn 
his sword,] Come we to pull points here. 

Ibid. (z6oz), Henry VIII,, L a. I'M h< 
him his confessions justify ; And point by 
point the treascms of his master he shall 
again relate. Ibid, (i6o3]f. Twelfth Night, 
V. I. Like to the Egyptian thidf at point 
op death. Ibid, (x6o3). Measure for 
Measure, L a. No, indeed, sir . . . you 
are therein in the right: but to the 
point. Ibid, (x6o9), Temfest, i. 3, ZQ4. 
Hast thou . . . Performed to point the 
tempest that I bade thee. 

z6zz. Chapman, May-dav, i. a. Ill 
to the enemy point blank ; I m a villain 

z6zz. Bible (Auth. Ver.], Gen. zxv. 
3a. And Esau said, Behold, I am at the 
point to die. 

z6z6. JoNSON, Devil is an Ass, iii. 
1. If I transgress in point op maimers, 
afford me Your best construction. 

X637. Fletcher, Elder Brother, iiL 
I. Young Eustace is a gentleman at all 
points. Ibid, (Z647), Knight e/MeUta^ L 
z. Thou burliest me beyond mine 
honour's point. 

Z648. Suckling, Letters, 86. A 
prettv point of security, and such a one 
as all Germany cannot itford. 

^z657. Bradford, Letters [Parker 
Soc. (1853), u. zao]. Be at a point with 
yourselves, to follow not your will but 
God's wilL 

Z7Z3. Steele, Guardian, 4a. There 
is a kind of drama in the forming of a 
a story, and the manner of . . . pointing 
it is the same as in an epigram. 

i/.z733. OK\,Poems\Century\. Beauty 
with early bloom supplies Her daughters 
cheek, and points her eyes. 

<£,Z74C Swift, To « Young Clergy- 
man. The constant design of both these 
orators, in all their speeches, was to drive 
SOMB one particular point. 

»749' Johnson, Human Wishes, 
. He left the name at which the world 
grew pale To point a moral, or adorn a 

Z749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], zza Settbeir faces point*blank 
againnt the tastes of the public ; and as a 
proof of this there were a thousand cases 
IN point. Ibid., zao. Blanche . . . was 
armed at all points with the weapons of 
a most perfect beauty. 

Z759. Sterne, Tristam Shandy, L 
9. Every author has a way of his own in 
bringing his points to bear. 





176a Smollxtt, (TnMMf , isL They 
woukl have comb to points immediately 
had not the gentlemen inteqjXMed. 

T779> Shkbidan, Crf/iic. iL i. When 
history . . . furnishes anything like a 
CASK IN POINT ... an author will take 
advantage of it . . . It is a received point 
among jpoets that . . . you may fill up 
with a httle love at your own discretion. 

179a Brucb, Sourct 0/ NiU^ i. yix* 
Many disadvantages in point op climate- 

18x4. Wordsworth^ Excurtion^ vi. 
Our Swain, A very hero till hu point was 

18x9. Grknvillb, Mtvmoirt^ ^ Feh. 
Both her letters and her conversation are 


z8^ SouTHBv, S1M9WM, 49. He 
muBtamed, which indeed was thb point 
AT ISSUE, that the opinions held that day 
hy the Quakers were the same that the 
Kuiters had held long aga 

d,x%yu. Crabbb, Wvrks^ i. 93. Not 
one gnef was pointed by remorse. 

Z84Z. lyisRABLi, Amin, o/Lit^ 11. 
453. An epigram now is a short satire, 
Qosing witn a point of wit 

1843. Macaulat, Clioe [Ctniuryl. 
Shah Alum had invested Patna, and was 
ON THE POINT OP proceeding to storm. 

1847. Tennyson, Prinetss^ liL I 
. . . found her there At point to move. 

1847. Bronte, Ja$u Erre^ xl I 
suppose the point of the exhibition lay in 
hearing the notes of love and jealousy 
warbU^ with the lisp of childhood ; and in 
very had taste that point was. 

187a Medbbry. Mtn ondMysUries 
of Wall Si., ix. It the operator has a 
good POINT, be nas a sure thing ... In 
other words ... a bit of secret informa« 
ti<m concerning a stock, whether an extra 
dividend to be dedared, a bull movement 
organizing, an emission of new shares to 
take place, or some other cause at work, 
or likely to be at wozk, which will seriously 
affect prices 

1883. AnurieoHy vL ^83 [Cemturyl, 
Any average Eton boy could give points 
TO his Holiness in the matter of Latin 

Z884. Ntw York HortUd, 4 Nov. I 
will give him a pointer that will be of 
great Dcaefit to yon in your business. 

z888. Now York Mortury, 7 Aug. 
All things taken into consideration, there 
never was a bolder voyage over the 
Atlantic than this made by the ' Romer,' 
all for the sake of a few points in news. 

z888. Denver Re^uiliean [Ameri- 
ea$utms\. There is a big pointbr for 
those gentlemen who cannot restrain their 
sporting proclivities in these sentences. 

z888. Pittsiurr Times, a6 Jan. 
Boiled down to a fine point, bondnnen 
are in demand. 

Z889. PiM MeUl Gas.f 23 Sep^, a, z. 
The smallest chit of a dressmaker's appren- 
tice could s^ve her points about modem 
dran and its present rational tendency. 

Z893. Ally Slopet^s Half Holiday, 
zo Mar., 94, a. Harry Payne is a clown 
of the old scnool, 'tis true, but still he can 
give POINTS and an easy hcking to most, if 
not all, of his modem rivals. 

X90Z. Daily Tel., Z9 Oct., 7, z, a. 
Would any person who was not mad say 
he was not himself? I have made my 


Pointer, subs. (American). — i. 
Su Point. 

2. (vcncry). — The penis : see 
Prick, and cf. Sportsman's 


(venery). — ^The {eaalt pudendum: 
see Monosyllable. 

z78a. Stevens, Songt Comic and 
Satyrical, Z84. Beneath, where in centre 
Love bttcides her Zone, The Point op 
Attraction we place. 

Poison, si^s, (common). — i. 
Drink ; tipple (q.v.). Nomi- 
nate YOUR POISON = *What 
will you drink ?' : cf, quot. 1362, 
where poyson = a diaoght, a 

Z36a. Langland, Piers Plowm aa , 
C zzL 5a. And with a pole poyson 
pntten to bus lippes, And beden hym 

d.i6Ai, Suckling, Bremmorali, iL z. 
Mar, Come^ your liquor and your stanzas 
. . . Yil Since it must be, Give me ^e 
POISON then. [Drinks and spits.] 




1837. LrrroN, />«Mtfm, xlix. Cham- 
pAgne with the taste of a eooseberry, and 
noac with the properties of a pomegranate 
. . . young men . . . purchase poison at 
a dearer rate than the most medicine- 
loving hypochondriac in England. 

c z864. Aktbmus Wako [ Works (tSoo) 
x6o]. I found Dr. Schwaze^r, a leadin 
citizen, in a state of mind which showed 
that he'd bin histin in more'n hu share of 


X867. PiNKBRTON, Grtat Adams 
Express Robhery^ 41. ^ It's a cold day 
when Barney O'Hara will let a bog-trotter 
go dry. Name your poison. 

x886<)6. Marshall, ^ Pomes* from 
the Pink • d/« (* 1 he Garret '], ao. * My 
favourite poison/ murmurs she, ' Is good 
old gin.' 

z888. MiLLiicBN, *Arry Ballads^ 5a 
Wot's 3rer pison, old pal? 

2. (common). — Anything un- 
pleasant. Whence to hate like 
POISON = to detest. 

z 53a Palsgrave, Lastg, Fran. , 359. 
Hatb me likb poyson. 

Z837. Barham, Ingoldsby Leg, 
' Knight and the Lady.' And both hating 
brandy, ukb what some call pison. 

z8^7. RoBB, Squatter Ltfe^ 6a It 
got to be parfect pizbn to hear. 

Poisoned, adj, (old). — Pr^nant ; 
LUMPY Kq,v,), — B. E. (f.1696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

POISON-PATEO, adj, phr, (old). — 
Red-haired.— Grose (1785). 

POJAM, subs, (Harrow). — A poem : 
set as an exercise : a portman- 
teau -word [q,v,), 


subs, (common). — i. A pocket ; 
a bag ; a sack ; a poach ; a 
parse : generic : €f, peter. — 
B. E. (r.1696); Martin (1754) ; 
Grose (1785) ; Vaux (1819). 
Also (corrapt) PALKE and pakke. 

English synonyms. — Boange ; 
brigh ; bang ; basy-sack ; carpet- 
swab ; dy ; cod ; haddock ; hoxter; 

kick ; peter ; pit ; roger (also = 
portmanteao) ; roundabout ; skin; 
sky (or skyrocket = rhyming) ; 
slash ; sack. 

French synonyms. — Une 
bagiunaude ; um balcuU {ballade^ 
or valade : avaler =■ to swallow) ; 
un bouchon ; une fehuse 
(felouUf Jiloche, fouilUy oxfouil- 
louse) ; urn fondrih'e ; un faur 
(or unfour banat) ; une grcmde ; 
un gueulard (or une gueularde) ; 
une louche ; une morlingue ; une 
parfonde (or profonde) ; une pro- 
phhe : un porte-momingue (or 

Italian synonyms.— /irgi- 
tello ; figadelto ; foglia ( = r r. 
fouillouse : Michel) ; santa ; 
scarsello (= Fr. escarcelW) ; 
Scarpa ; tuosa ; fgavalla ( = Fr. 

136*. Langland, Piers P/oTvmun 
Cfr/rf [Wright (1847X line 791). Trewely, 
frere, quath I tho. To tellen the the sothe. 
There is no peny in my pakkb To payen 
for my mete. Ibid., yision^ L z65* A 
POKB mil of pardons. 

Z383. Chaucbr (Skbat, Works 
(1894), ' Reeves Tale,' 1. 358]. And in th« 
floor, with nose and mouth to-broke. They 
walwe as doon two pigges in a pokb. 

i4t?]. Douce MS.t m. When me 
profereth the pigge, opon the poghb. 

15x4. More, A Serreaunt wold 
leme, &*c. IHazlitt, Early Pop, Poet,^ 
iii. 128]. They roule and romble, they 
tume and tumble, as pygges do in a poicb. 

</. 1529. Skelton, Bov^e of Courte 
[DvCB, 1. 48]. I have a stoppynge oyster 
in my poke. 

^1549. Bordb[T], Mylner of Ab^rngton 
[Hazlitt, Early Pop. Poet.^ iiu 106]. 
Me thinke our pokb b waxen light. 

x6oo. Shakspbarb, As You Like It^ 
il 7. And then he drew a dial from his 


t663. FuLLBR, WorthUs^ 63. Some 
will have the English so called from 
wearing a pouch or poabb (a bag to carry 
their baggage in) behind their backs. 




1855. Thackkray, NtwanttfSt \^ 
The ladies were in their POicissTOld bead- 

1856. Bbecher-Stowb. Dred, «• *38. 
That's the way we girls stoaied at school, 
except a few pokbt ones, who wanted to 
be learned. 

Studits for StorUs 
Amelia "made me beli( 


j*.r^^. I. 67. 

._^ Jieve that there was 

plenty of property in ther family, but^ that 
ner sisters had a natural liking for living 
in that pokby way, and for naving no 

1882. Anstbv, Vict'Verta, iv. 
They've a poky little hoase in Brompton 
somewhere, and there was no da n ci n g. 

Pole, subs, (printers'). — i. The 
weekly account for wages. 

2. (vencry). — The penis. 
Hence poling (or polb-work) 
= copulation. 

Verb, (American University). — 
To study hard. 

Up the polb, phr. (militaiy). 
— In good report : also goody- 
goody ; strait-laced. 

2. (common). — Over-matched; 
in diffictilty. 

1886-96. Marshall, * Pomes* from 
th£ Pink 'Un ['The Word of a Police- 
man'], 73. But, one cruel day, behind 
two slops he chanced to take a stroll. And 
... he heard hunself alluded to as being 


1899. Dmify Mail, 39 March, 5, x. 
When there are nineteen Frenchmen to 
four Englishmen they were slightly up the 
POLB. Nineteen, you know, were rather 
too many for them. 

Like a rope-dancer's pole, 
phr, (old). — * Lead at both ends; 
a saying of a stupid sluggish 
fellow.'— Grose (1785). 

Pole-cat, subs, phr, (old). — ^A 
whore : also a general reproach. 

1596. Shakspbakb, Merry IVioes, 
iv. 2. You witch t iron bag ! yon polbcatI 

1607. Dekksr, Nertkward Hoe, L 
X. Your captains were wont to take their 
leaves of their London polb-cats (their 
wenches I m^n, sir), at Dunstable. 

POLC-WORK, subs, (colloquial).-— A 
long, tedious business ; collar- 
work {q,v,). 

See Pole. 

Policeman, subs, (common). — i. 
A fly : esp. a blue-bottle {q,v,)^ 
which (in turn) = a constable. 

X864. E. D. FoKGUBS, Revue des 
deux Mondes, 15 September, 470^ Ouand 
celui-ci [un /nff de LondresJ appeue un 
mouche un policbman, et quand celui — 
U qualifie de " mouche " un sergent de 
ville, Tun et I'autre font m6me rapproche- 
ment, bien qu'en sens inverse. 

2. (thieves'). — ^A mean fellow ; 
a spy. 

P0UCE-NIPPER8, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — Handcuffs or leg-irdns : 
see Darby's bands. 

Policy, verb. (American). — To 
gamble in lottery numbers : see 
quot Also as subs. : whence 
policy-shop = a lottery oflioe. 

1882. McCabe, New York, xjczix. 
Folic v-dbaling is one degree lower in 
infamy than the lottery business . . . The 

Erne consists in betting on certain num- 
rs within the range of the lottery 
schemes being drawn at the noon or night 
drawing. Seventy-eisht numbers usually 
make up thelottery-s^eme, and the policy 
player can take any three of these numbers 
and bet that they will be drawn, either 
singly, or in such combinations as he may 
select. The single numbers may come out 
anywhere in the drawing, but the com- 
bination must appear as ne writes it in 
making hi^ bet. He ^ pays one dollar for 
the pnvilejge of betting, and receives a 
written slip containing the number or 
numbers ^ on which he bets. If a single 
number is chosen and drawn, he wins 5 
dollars ; two numbers constitute a ' saddle,*^ 
and if both are drawn the player wins 
from 3^ to ^a dollars ; three numbers make 
a 'gig, and win from 150 to 225 dollars ; 
four numbers nuJce a ' horse,' and win 640 
dollars. A * capital straddle ' w a bet that 
two numbers wul be among the first three 
drawn, and wins 500 dollars. 




Polish, verb, (common).- — To 
thrash ; TO PUNISH (^.».)* 

To POLISH OFF, verb, phr, 
(colloquial). — ^To finish out of 
hand ; to get rid of summarily : 
as a dinner, or an adversary. 

1834. DowLiNG. Othello TravtsHe. 
i. 6. Just wait awnile, And may be I 
won't POLISH yoa off in siyle. 

1836. DiCKXNS, Pickwickt xxn, 
** Bfayn't I polish that ere Job off. in 
the nont garden?" said Mr. Weller. 
" Certainly not," replied Mr. Pickwick. 

1847. Thackbray, Vam^ Pair^ 
xxxiv. 346. Bob had his coat on at once 
— he stood up to the Banbury man for 
three minutes, and poushbd him off in 
four rounds easy. IbitU (t855X Ntwconus., 
IL 953. He expressed repeatedly a desire 
that some one would speak ill of the 
Colonel, so that he might have an oppor- 
tunity of polishing THAT INDIVIDUAL OFF 

in about two seconds. 

2862. Ccmkill Mag,, vi. 643. I 
used to steal something and take it to the 
marine-store dealers. ... As 1 got on in 
thieving, I left home, and was soon 
POLISHKD OFF iuto a first<las8 wire. 

zSja Sunday Timetf az May. If 
3rou keep a sharp look-out you may per- 
diance see a critic, for, unfortunately, the 
Royal Academy cannot be polishbd off 
at a private view like other exhibitions. 

x888. BoLDRBWOOD, Robbery Under 
A rmst i. He rolled into a man big enough 
to eat him, and polishbd him off. 

To POLISH (PICK, or bat) a 
BONE, verb, phr, (common). — To 
make a meal. —Grose (1785). 

To POLISH THE King's iron 

"* WITH THE EYEBROWS, verb, phr, 

(old).— * To look through the 
iron-grated windows of a prison.' 
—Grose (1785). 

Polite. See Do, verb,t sense 4. 

POLKA. The Matrimonial 
Polka, subs. phr. (venery).— 
Copulation : see Greens and 

Poll, suds. (Cambridge University). 
— I. The ordinary examination 
for the 6.A. degree : as distin- 
guished from the Honours exami- 
natioD. Whence (2) a student 
taking the " pass" degree without 
"Honours." [Gr. Hoi polloi^ 
the many.] Hence, to go out 
IN the poll = to take an ordi- 
nary degree. Also poll-man 


X85C. Bristbd, Five Years in an 
English Unioersifyt 6a. Several declared 
that they would go out in thb Poll. 

1884. Payn, Comhillf Apw, 97a I 
took my degree, however — a first<las8 
poll ; which my good folks at home 
believed to be an honourable distinction. 

Z889. Academy f a Mar. It is related 
of some Cambridge poll-man that he was 
once so ill-advised as to desert a private 

3. (nautical). — A woman: 
generic. Hence (specifically) = a 
prostitute ; polly-hood = a state 
of wantonness (Walpole accused 
the ladies of his day of polly- 
hood, * more fond than virtuous') ; 
TO poll up = (i) to court ; and 
(2) to live in concubinage. 

1893. Embkson, Lippp^ XX, They 
began to give him money ... a poll gave 
him a bobi 

4. (old). — A wie. — Hall 

(1708) ; Grose ( 


5. (thieves'). — ^A decoy bitch. 
See Pill and Poll. 

Verb. I. 5«^ Pill AND Poll. 

2. (sporting). — To beat ; to 

3. (common). — To snub. 

To poll off, adj. phr. (com- 
mon). — To get drunk : set 
Drinks and Screwed. 




Pollard, suhs. (old).— A coanter- 
feit coin, worth about a halfjpenny, 
made abroad, and smuggled into 
Eneland, temp. Ed. I. [Said 
to be named after the original 

tf.z3SOw Fabyan, Chr^nieUt iL He 
sodeynly dampned certayne coynes of 
nxmey, adkd pollardbs. 

Poller, i. Su Pill and Poll. 
2. (old). — See quot. 

1676. Warning /or Housekee^rs^ 4. 
They carry in one band a dark Glim, and 
m the other a pollbk, which b a dark 
Lantbom and a Pistol. 

Poll- PARROT, xw^j./Ar. (common). 
— A talkative woman : also poll 
and FOLLY. 

1865. DiCKBNS, Our MuhuU Friend^ 
xii. If It wam't wasting good sherry wine 
on you, I'd chuck this at yoa for Poll 
Pakrotinc with this man. 

POLLRUMPTIOU8, adj» (colloquial). 
— Restive ; unnily ; foolishly con- 

Polly, st46s, (tramps*).— !. Used 
as in quot 

1893. Embrson, Signer Li^t xiv. 
All I get is my kip and a clean miU tog, a 
pair ofpoLLiBS and astoock, and what lew 
medazas I can make oat of the lodgers and 

2. (common). — Apollinaris 

1894. G. Egbkton, Ktynotes, 59. 
The draught is transformed into lukewarm 
water, or Polly without the ' dash ' in it. 

1804. Illustrated BitSf 31 Mar., xcl 

What is more gratifying — he could 

k. Not sips of weak tea, or " polly," 

but the Extra Sec of the right year, and 

plenty of it. 

To DO POLLY, verb. phr. 
(American prison). — To pick 
oakum ; TO MILL DOLL (^. v.). — 

Matsbll (1859). 

POLLYCON, subs, fhr, (American 
students').— Political economy. 


POLT, subs, (old). — A blow; a 
stroke. — 6. K (r.1696); Grosb 


178a. IXarblay, Cecilia, il ix. Give 
me a good polt of the head. 

Poltroon, subs, (old : now recog- 
nised). — A coward. — B. £. 
{c. 1696). 

Z59^ Shakstkark, S ^enry y/., I. 
I. Patience is for poltroons such as he. 

1778. Shbridan, TAe Hivats. iv. x. 
Out, you POLTROON I — you ha'nt the 
valour of a grasshopper. 

POLTY (or dolty), adj. (cricketers'). 
— Easy. 

Polyphemus, subs, (venery). — 
The penis: see Prick. [The 
MoNOPS, the Onb-bybd One.] 

Pommel. See Pummbl. 

Pompadours (The), subs, (mili- 
tary). — The late s6th Regiment 
of Foot, now the 2nd Batt. Essex 
Regiment. [Tradition relates that, 
when facings were changed in 
1764, the crimson not wearing 
well, the Colonel desired Blue. 
The authorities, however, ob- 
jected, and he chose purple, a 
favourite colour of Madame de 
Pompadour, the mistress of Louis 
XV. of France.] Also "Thb 
Saucy Pompadours." 


subs. phr. (old). — Pure water : 
see Aqua.— Gross (1785). 

Pom pey's - PILLAR. Pompby's- 
pillar to a stick op sealing- 
wax, phr. (old). — ^A fanciful bet : 
cf. All Lomard-strebt to a 
China orange, and Chblsea- 


POMPKIN. See Pumpkin. 

Pan. Pilat^s Counsellor. 250 


PONTIUS Pilate's Counsellor, 

subs, phr, (legal). — A briefless 
barrister : Fr. avocat ae Pilate. 
[Who, like Pilate, * can find no 
(just) cause.'] 

PONTO, subs, (school). — New bread- 
crumbs kn^uled into a pellet 

xQoa St. Jamtx*x GazetU^ 15 Mar.f 
' Arnoldiana.' He [Mathew Arnold] was 
placed at the end of the great school, and, 
amid howb and jeers, pelted with a rain 
of PONTOS for some time. 

PONY, subs. (old). — I. A bailiff: 
spec, an officer accompanying a 
debtor on a dajr's liberty. 

2. (common). — Money. Hence, 
as verb. (TO post thb pony or 
TO PONY up) = to pay ; to settle. 
See Post, verb. — Grose (1785) ; 
Vaux (1819) ; Bbb (1823). 

iSaj. MoNCRiEPF, Tom and Jerry 
[Dick], 6. It's every thing now o'days — 
to be able to flash the screens — sport the 
rhino— show the needful— post the pony 
— nap the rent — stump the pew. 

1834. Atlantic Meig.^i, -u,^. Every 
man . . . vociferously swore that he had 
PONIED UP his 'quarter.' 

1834. AiKSWORTH, Jiooiwood (tS64)t 
340. I shan't let you off so eanly this 
time, depend upon it. C^me, post the 
PONY, or take your measure on that sod. 

1838. J.CSEAi^CAarcaaiSieteAgs 
(BartlbttI. It was my job to pay all 
the bills. Salix, pony up at the bar, and 
lend us a levy." 

f.x86x-5. Somg'j *A Portland Con- 
script ' [B). We luidn't no rich parients to 
PONY UP the tin. So we went unto the 
Provost, and there were mustered in. 

1876. Nn» VffrJk Heraidy x6 Mar. 
General Rice is a bachelor of expensive 
habiu . . . you must pony up and keep 
him going, for he can't live on less than 
xo,ooo dollars a year. 

3. (common). —Twenty- five 
pounds sterling : see Rhino. 

x8x8. Grevillb, Memoirs^ 15 Aug. 
He is equally well amused whether the 
oUy is nislt or low, but the stake he 
px^rs is fives and ponies. 

1837. Dance, The Country Sfmre^ 
L 3. Gto. Look here, old man I (Holdxmf 
up note,) Hot. Well, to be sure a fifty is 
two PONIES ; and the nair will grow again. 

1842. Comic AlmanacA, 337. A 
Majror who, though he makes of Fifties- 
cronies, Yet has a most maternal love for 

1849. Thackeray, PemUnniSj IxL 
The five-and-twenty pounds, or pony, 
which the exemplary Baronet had received. 

X857. KiNGSLEY, 7\tH> Vearx Aro, 
xvilL ^ The bet of a pony which he otters 
five minutes afterwards. 

1870. Figaro^ x Jane. I have palled 
off a couple of ponies on the event. 

x88a Sims, Tkre* Brass BaUsy 
Pledge XV. " Here's a pony for the yoong 
'un, and directly I get a bit straignt I'll 
send you some more." 

1883. Braddon, Phantom Portmu^ 
xli. Sheafs of bank notes were being 
exchanged for counters which represented 
divers values, from the respectable pony 
to the modest chip 

1892. Pall Mall GaM. , 33 Mar. , 6, 3. 
Mr. Kisch said the bets were two ponies 
The Master of the Rolls : What? Two 
what? Mr. Kisch said a pony was ^^9$. 

1898. Pink 'Un and Pelican, 155. 
He would ^ write a long letter . . . and 
reproach him for not sending the pony he 
had been three times asked for. 

4. (American school). — ^A trans- 
lation ; a BOHN {q.v.) ; a crib 
(^.v.) : also as verb. 

Z832. Tour Through College^ y>. 
Their lexicons, ponies, and text-books 
were strewed round their lamps on the 

i8f2. Vale Tomahawk, May. We 
leam that they do not pony their lessons. 

1854. New En^Umd Mag., 908. 
In the way of pony or translation to the 
Greek of Father Grie^bach, the New 
Testament was wonderfully convenient. 

1856. Hall, ColUge Words, s.v. 
Pony. So-called, it may be. from the 
fleetness and ease with whidi a skilful 
rider is enabled to pass over places which 
toa common plodder may present obstades. 




5. (common).— A generic di- 
minutive, prob. of tart origin: as 
PONY = a very small horse, and 
PONY-STAKKS = an insignificant 
event. Whence (generally),in com- 
parison, anything of small size, 
stature, or value. Hence, pony 
= (i) a small glass ('a pony of 
ale, or stout '), containing a gill, 
or (of wines and spirits) a mouth- 
ful ; (2) a woman of very small 
stature. Also pony-brandy = 
the best brandy : as served in a 
PONY-GLASS ; pony-purse = an 
impromptu collection : of small 
contributions. The word is be- 
coming recognised : as in pony- 
saw, PONY-ENGINE, and pony- 

1885. New York Jonnutlt Aug. 
' I'm on the inside track,' said a pony of 
beer as it went galloping down a man's 

Z896. Crane, Mttggie^ viL Bring 
diady a big glass 1 What use is dat pony ? 

6. (venery). — The penis: see 

tL Z706. Burns, Merry Muus^ * Ye Hae 
Lien Wranc^, Lassie.' Ye've let the 
POUNiE o'er the dyke, And he's been in 
the com. 

7. (common). — A gaffing- 
coin {q*v.) ; a piece showing either 
two heads or two tails. Whence, 

to toss for drinks : certain coins, 
say twelve, are placed one on top 
of another, all, save one, being 
turned the same way ; the coins 
are cut, as at cards, and he who 
cuts the single piece has to pay, 
having bought the pony. 

See Jerusalem. 

Poodle, subs, (common). — ^A dog : 
in sarcasm, without reference to 

PGDN, verb, (Winchester College).— 
To prop a piece of furniture with 
a wedge.— Wrench. 

PGDN A, subs, (costermongers'). — ^A 
sovereign : cf. pontb. 

POONA Guards, subs, phr, (mili- 
tary). — The East Yorkshires, for- 
merly the 15th Regiment of Foot : 
also ** The Snappers." 

PoONT, subs, (common). — In pi, = 
the paps : see Dairy. 

Poop, subs, (old). — i. A worthless 
creature, a weakling, a nincum- 
POOP (9.V.) ; (2) the posteriors : 
see Stern and verb, sense 3 ; 
and (3) the &ce {cf, Shakspeare, 
I Henry IV., Falstaff to Bar- 
dolph^ &'c,, 'Thou art our admiral, 
thou bearest the lantern in the 
POOP, but 'tis in the nose of 
thee '). 

Z598. Shakspeare, z Hen. ly.^ iiL 
4. Pals, Thou art our admiral, thou 
bearest the lantern in the poop, but 'tis in 
the nose of thee. 

1706. Ward, IVootUn World, 67. 
He crawls up upon Deck, to the Piss-dale, 
where, while he manages his Whip-staff 
with one hand, he scratches his Poop with 
the other. 

Verb, (old). — I. To overcome; 
to be set down. 

1551. Still, Gammer Gurton*s 
Needle, ii. i. But there ich was powpte 

x6op. Shakspeare, Pericles, iv. 2. 
She quickly pooped him, she made him 
roast meat for worms. 

2. (venery). — To copulate : see 
Greens and Ride. Hence poop- 
noddy = copulation. 

1606. IVify Beguiled [Hawkins, 
Et»g. Drama, iii. 3x0]. I saw them close 
together at poop-noddy. 

3. (vulgar).— To break wind : 
also as j«3j.— Bailey (1728). 




Society" for reading and debates. 
[Supposed to be a contraction of 
* Popina,* the rooms having been 
for many years over a coolc-shop 
or comectioner*s. — See Public 
School Word BooJk.] 

1865. Eionuma^ ao;. The chief at- 
trmction of Pop lies in its being a sort of 
sodal club . . . and as the members are 
strictly limited (originally twenty-two, 
since increased to twenty-eight), to be 
eleaed into the society gives a boy a 
certain degree of prestige in the school 

Verb,^ with subs, and adv, 
(old). — Generic for more or less 
quick, unexpected, and explosive 
action. Whence, (i) = to shoot : 
as subs, (or popper) =(i) a 
shop, and (2) a firearm : spec, 
a pistol, but in quot. 1383, 
a dagger (Hall, 1714 ; Gross, 
1785 ; Vaux, 1819 ; and Bee, 
1823) ; (2) = to crack — as a 
whip ; (3) = to explode— as a hat 
when sat on, or a cork when 
drawn : as subs. = (a) a drink 
which fizzes from the bottle when 
opened— spec, ginger-beer, but 
in quot 1836 = champagne 
(Grose, 1785 ; Bee, 1823), and 
(b) the noise made in drawing a 
cork ; and (4) = to rap out one's 
words : whence popping = bab- 
bling. Also, as adv. — suddenly 
or unexpectedly. See also many 
allied colloquialisms infra. 

X383. Chaucbr, CanUrbury TtUiSy 
3929. A joly POPPBKB baar he in his 

z63z. Flbtchbr, Pilgrim^ iiL 2. 
Into that bush Pop goes his pate, and all 
his face is comb'd over. 

1734. Harper, ' Frisky Moll's Song ' 
\Harl9quinJackSheppard[. Two popps 
Had my Boman when ne was ta'en. 

17^8. ^viOXAxrv. Roderick Random^ 
viiL A pair of pops silver mounted ... I 
took them from the captain. Ibid, (1749), 
Gil Bias [Routlboge], 345. We were 
startled oat of our sleep by the report of 
musketry popping so near. 

x8az. Haggart, £(^, 98. I plunged 
my Ceun into my sack, as if for a pop. 

1899. MoNcxiBPP, Giooatmi in 
Lamdont U. z. ^ Made up your mind to 
have a pop at him. 

z8^ LvTTON, Paul Clijfford {iZsiU 
396. Lord love ye. thejr says as 'ow you 
go to all the fine places in ziiffles, with a 
pair of silver pops in your waistcoat 
pocket I 

Z834. AiNswoRTH, Rookwood^ III. V. 
His crape*oovered visard drawn over his 
eyes, His tol by his side and his pops in 
his pockeL 

Z834. BuCKSTONB, Agnes de yere^ 
ii 3. I've an excellent case of poppkrs 
here that I always keep loaded for such 

Z836W MiLNBR, Turk's Rids to 
Vorkf L 3. It is not even safe to hunt 
without POPS in your pocket. Ibid. Damn 
the popPBS I we most be off to Yorkshire 

Z836. Hood, Miss Kilfnansegg 
[Works (X846), i. 246]. Home-made pop 
that will not foam. 

Z837. B ARM AM, Ingoldshy Legends. 
1. 377. With wine and naygus and imperial 

z8^. Marrvat, The Settlers, i. vL 
Z03. *' Fowling-pieces, — ^they are bird- 
guns, I believe,— no use at all ^ muskets 
are soldiers' tools,— no use ; pistols are 
POPS, and nothing better." 

Z845. Browning, Englishman in 
IttUy. And all around the clad church 
lie old bottles With gunpowder stopped. 
Which will be, when the Image re-enters. 
Religiously popped. Ibid. A^e poppers 

Z847. PoRTBR, Quarter Raee^ ^«tf., 
9«. He'd POP his whip, and stretch his 
chains, and holler ' wo, gee 1' 

1848. JONBS, Sketches of Trtmel, 
zsa The rascal went to his coarh. 
jumped on the box, popped his whip and 
wiggled his fingers at me as he drew off. 

Z848. howKLLtBiglow Papers, Intro. 
Past noontime they went trampin' round 
An' nary thins to pop at found. 

z85z-6z. Mavhbw, Lond. Lab., &»c., 
I. Z87. Not above one-eighth . . . but 
sell with their pop some other article. 

Z857. Holmes, Autocrat of Break- 
fast Table, viil. A hat which has been 
popped, or exploded by being sat down 
upon, is never itself again afterwards. 




X5z3>a5. Skblton [Oliphant, New 
Eng.^ L 394. We see the phrase to pop 
FORTH saws; at p. a^s^ popping means 
babbling ; our pop still implies noise, as 


Z575. Ttmehst^ne of Com^Uxic 
Still to dilate and open his brea 

134. 5tiii to dilate ana open lus breaste 
with coughingj hawking, neesing and pop- 
ping or smacking with Uie mouth. 

1596. Shakspsarb^ Hamliit v. a. 
He that hath killed my kmg, and whored 
my mother, poppbd in between the election 
and my hopes. Ibid., King John, i. 
That is my brother's plea . . . The which 
if he can prove, a' pops me out at least 
from fair five hundred pounds a year. 
Ibid, (z6oa), Troiius ana Cressida^ iv. 5. 
That's no argument for kissing now ; for 
thus POPPED Paris in his hardiment, and 
parted thus you and your argument. 

x6oa Hbywood, / Ed, IV. [Pbar- 
SON. IVcrks (1874), I. 47]. My daughter 
Nell shall pop a posset vpon thee, when 
thou goest to bed. 

x6a6. Flktchbr, Noblt GVis/., i. x. 
And do you pop me off with this slight 

</. x6^x. Donne, Semums^ iv. So, 
diving m a bottomless sea, they pop some 
times above the water to take oreath. 

d.1671. Milton, Dt/l Humb, Rt" 
monst. \!Century\, These our Prelates, 
who are the true successors of those that 
POPT them INTO the other world. 

X706. Ward, Wooden Worla.'lo 
Reader.' Finding . . . the air begin to 
change apace, and wet, thick, cloudy 
weather pop in at once upon us. 

d, X74«. Swift [quoted in Coninry\, 
Others have a trick of popping up and 
DOWN every moment from their paper to 
their audience, like an idle schoolboy. 

17^9. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout* 
LEDGE], XX 3. I know how to tickle a girl 
in a stiff gown, or an actress. You swagger 
. . . with an easy, impudent assurance, 
and POP THE question without making 
any bones about it. Ibid,^ 143. When 
they haul been together long enough, in 
POPPED I, with a message to the enamoured 

Z7S3. Richardson, Grandison, vL 
X03. Afraid he would . . . pop out the 
QUESTION which he had not the courage 
to put. 

X764. FooTE, Patron, L O fiel 
what chance have I there f Indeed, if 
Lady Pepperpot should happen to pop 

OFF — 

X773. Goldsmith, SUo^ to Con- 
fwrr, li. When company comes you are 
not to POP OUT and stare, and then run 
in again. 

»773' Thompson, Fair Qnaker of 
Deal [Shadwell's comedy recast], IL 3. 
If I could get a lover upon the first pop- 
ping OF the question. 

X835. Dickens, Sketches by Bo%^ 
' Watluns Tottle.' I suppose you popped 
THE question more than once. 

X837. Barham, Ingold.^ Legends 
(x863), 249. His abruptness in popping 
the question So soon after dinner dis- 
turbed her digestion. Ibid, (x857)l a S. a^ 
I fear by his looks Our friend, Francois 
Xavier. has popped off the hooks. 
Ibid, i^x^fofiiy^ 141. On the fire, too, she 
POPS some nice mutton-chops. 

Z84Z. Punch, z. X53. A considerate 
old aunt, who had kindly popped off in 
the nick of time. 

1851. %vcBSi\x^, Lewis ArundelfXn, 
Some of the fools about here wanted me 
to put up for the county if he popped off. 

1853. LvTTON, My Novely v. xvii. 
' Please the pigs,' then said Mr. Avenel to 
himself, ' I shall pop the question.' 

1855. Taylor, SHU Waters, i. I'll 
deposit my cvpet-bag in my dressing 
room, and then pop in on Emmy. 

X855. Thackeray, Newcomes, L 
She was so handsome, and so clever . . . 
that he had been on the point of popping 
THE fatal QUESTION ever so many times. 
Ibid. (1863), Philip, xvi. Eat your por- 
ridge now, little ones. Charlotte, pop a 
bit of butter in Carrick's porridge. 

X869. Stowe, Oldtovm Folks , 37. 
One of the sort that might pop off any 

t87x. Figaro, 18 Mar., The Penalty 
for Popping. To Bachelors and Widowers : 
If you are about to pop the question, 
think of Breach of Promise at Nisi Prius, 
and don't. He who pops and does not 
wed. By a jury will be bled. 

X876. HiNDLEY, Chea^ J*»ck, 3x3. 
Travellers well know how tney must put 
the price when doing business with Cheap 
John now that he is keeping a shop. It^ 
DQ use fpr them to pop it on, 




1888. Black. /TMWMJMi/, viSL While 
flome or the small fry foppbd out their 
beads to have a look. 

1893. Chbvalikr, LittU NU^, 
Let's POP INTO the 'Broker's Arms and 
'ave a drop o' beer. Ibid., IVot Ck€r\ 
Your rich Uncle Tom of Camberwell, 
Popped opp recent, which it ain't a selL 

Pope, subs, (old : now proTincial). 
— ^A tenn of contempt: «.^., 
'What a POPB of a thing!' 
Also, DRUNK AS A POPB = very 
dnink (Benedict XII., a glutton 
and a wine-bibber gave rise to the 
expression, Bibamus papaiiter) : 
$ee Drinks and Screwed; to 

BB (or PLAY) POPB-HOLY = tO be 

sanctimonious; to play the prig 
(^.r.) or hypocrite; to know 


ROMB = to know nothing.— Ray 
(1670). Ray also gives, ' If yoa 
would be a POPB, you must think 
of nothing else.' 

1360. Chaucbx, Rom, of Rcu 
[IVorks (i66a), \\\.\ Another thmg was 
doen . . . That seemed like an ipocrite, 
i^d it was cleped pope holy. 

X362. Langland, Pitrt Plovmum, 
si^. T; ii (1561). And none so singoler by 
himseue, nor ao pope holy. 

d.t46o. LvDGATE, Prokemy ^ a 
Martagt [MS.f Harl., 379, 51]. And for 
POPMOLY and nyce loke wei aboate. 

1509. Baxclat, Ski/ ^ F0cU» 
(x57o)> 57* Ouer sad or proode, diaoeitfall 

dlz539w Skelton, A RtplyeaUon 
(Dtce, L 9o8I Popholt and penysshe 
presumpcion. vtt\A.JCrarlaHdeqf Ltutrtll^ 
Ozx. Fals forgers of mony, for kownnage 
atteintid, pope holy ypocrytis. 

dlT536. TvNDALB, Ant, Sir T, More 
(Parker Soc (1850J, 36]. There be pope- 
HOLY, which . . . resist the righteonsnest 
of God in Christ. 

x69a If^estwitrd for SmoUs [HalU' 
well). He. having no answere, began to 
curse and ban, bidding a pope on all 

Z706. Oxford JesUt 93. They bid 
him read. ^Read ! truly, my Lord,' 
says he, ' I can read no moke than the 
|H>PE or RoM^,' 

Pope - OF - Rome, subs, pkr, 
(rhyming). — Home 


(venery). — The penis: j«tf Prick. 

iS9fp Shakspeare, Romoo 
Juliot^ iL X. Oh, Romeo ! that she were, 
oh, that she were an open arse, thou a 


X633. Rowlbt, Woman Ntver Voxid 
[Dodslkt, Old PUiys fHAZLrrr), xii.). I 
requested him to pull me A Katherine 
pear, and had I not look'd to him. He 
would have mistook and given me a 


x8aa. Nares, GUssmvp^f s.v. Pope- 
BIN ... In the quarto edition of Romeo 
and Juliet was a passa^i afterwards very 
properly omitted, containing a foolish and 
coarse quibble on the name. 

Pope's- EYE, subs. pkr. (common). 
— ^The thread of £eU in a leg iA 

1853. Shirley Brooks, Mist VioUi. 
The oratorical undertaker having made a 
most successful joke about the pope's*ete 
on a leg of Protestant mutton. 

1869. Blackmore, Loma Doone, u. 
You should have . . . the popb's-rtb 
firom the mutton. 

Pope's- (or Turk's-) head, subs, 
pkr. (common). — ^Aronnd broom, 
of bristles or feathers, with a long 

dlx840. KDGR^owTHf Lov€ and Lmv, 
I, V. You're no witch if you don't see a 
cobweb as long as my arm. Run, run, 
O child, for the pope's-hbad. 

X859. Savage, Rembtn MtdUeoH 
(X864), I. lit You are not going to send 
the boy to school with this naictuous head 
of hair ; why, his schoolfellows will use 
him for a pope's head. 

Pope's-nose, subs. pkr. (common). 
— A chicken's rump : also par- 
son's- nose. ^Grosb (1785). 

Pope's-sizb, subs. pkr. (trade).— 

5:^ (}uot 




z888. Notes mmd QturUt^ 7 S. viL 
aas. A Tear or two ago 1 bought a merino 
vest. On the bill I noticed P.S. after it, 
and by enquiry elicited that P.S. stood for 
pope's size, and that pope's size meant 
short and stouL 

Pop-auN. Su Pot-gun. 

PopiNJAYt stUfs, (old).— A general 
tenn of contempt : specifioilly (i) 
a chatterer ; and (2) a fop. 

1S98. Shakspeake, / Hen, /K., L x, 
" I then, all smarting with my wounds 
bdng cold, To be so pestered with a 
POPiNtAT, Answered nq;1ecttngly I know 
not what. " 

1509. JoNSON, Botry Man Out of 
His HutKOur, ii. 3. A number of these 
POPINJAYS there are. 

169a Massingbb and Field, Fmimi 
Dowry f iii. z. Nov. Jun, What have I 
done, sir. To draw thu harsh unsavoury 
language firom you f Rom, D<»e, popin- 
jay 1 why, dost thou think. 

Poplars (Poppelars, Poplir, 
or Paplar), subs, (Old Cant).— 
Porridge : spec, milk-porridge. — 
Harman (1576); Head (1665) ; 
B. E. (r.1696); Coles (1724); 
Gross (1785). 

1608. Dbkker, Lantkoms mnd 
CandUliiht [Farmer, Musa. PedestrU 
O896), 3I. The Ruffin cly the nab of the 
Harmanbeck, If we maund . . . poplars 
of yarum, he cuts, bing to die Ruffmans. 

161 z. MiooLBTON and Dekker, 
Roaring Girl, v. z. A eage of ben Rcun- 
bouse ... Is benar than . . . Peck, 
pennam, bp, or popler. 

Z64Z. Brome, J octal CrtWt U. 
Here's Pannam and Lap, and good 
Poplars of Yarrum. 

Z707. Shirley, Triumph mT Wit 
[Farmbb, Musa Pedestris (zSq^ 36). 
With Up and poplars held I tack. 


subs, (old). — 5iMqnot 1694 : aUo 
as an endearment 

Z694. DtTMTON, Lmdiis Dict,^ s.v. 
PopELET. A puppet, or young wench. 

Z843. Selbt, Antonyamd CUo^cUrm 
Married and Settled, There, there's a 
POPPET ; hush, hushaby— hush | it's very 
like me — very, just the same interesting 
twist of the eyes, and insinuating turn of 
the nose. 

2. (old). — A corptdent person. 
-—Chaucer (cL 1400). 

Pop- lolly, subs, phr, (cheap- 
jacks'). — A sweetmeat: 1.^., 

z86a HiNOLBV, Ckea^Jackf zoa 
Ever and anon bawling out in a Billinsgate 
voice, ' Two ounces a penny again — lolli- 
pop and POP-LOLLV. 

Popped, adf, (tailors'). — Annoyed. 
Popped as a hatter = very 

Popper. See Pop, subs, i, 

PoppY-cocK, subs. phr. (American). 
— Nonsense; bosh {q,v,). Also 

POPPY-COCK racket. 

Pop-shop. See Pop, verb, 5. 

P0P-8QUIRT, subs, phr. (Ameri- 
can). — A jackanapes. 

POP8Y-WOP8Y, subs, phr. (com- 
mon). — A foolish endearment. 

z89a. AUy Shfer^s Half-Holiday^ 
z9 Mar., 90. 3. Bless me if the little 
POPSY'WOPSY hasn't been collecting all the 
old circus hoops and covering them with 
her old muslin skirts. 

Popular, adj, (colloquial Ameri- 
can). — Conceited. 

z86a. Lowell, Biglow Papers, a S. 
Int. Pop'lar as a oen with <me chidcen. 

P.P. See Play or Pay. 

Pork, subs, (old). — i. A pig-headed 
one : cf. Pig, subs, i. 

Z645. Milton, Colasterion ... I 
mean not to dispute philosophy with this 





2. (tailors'). — ^A garment 
spoiled in catting or making ; 
goods returned on hand : also 
PIG : cf, COLD PIG. 

3. (venery).— Mutton [q.v.) : 
cf. Flesh, Meat, Greens, 
Beef, Fish, &c. 

To CRY PORK, verb, phr, (old). 
— ^To act as undertaker's tout. — 
Grose (1785). 

Porker, subs, (common). — i. A 
3roang hog.— Grose (1785). 

1735. Pops, Odyssey^ xtv. 86. Where 
the fat PORKSKS slept beneath the son. 

2. (old). — A Jew.— Grose 

3. (old). — A sword. — B. E. 
(c, 1696). 

x683. Shadwbll, ^7. of Alsatia^i. 
[lV<frks (xyao), iv. x8). The captain 
whipt his PORKSK out. 

P0RKOPOLI8, subs, (American). — 
Chicago : formerly Cindnnatti : 
cf, Cottonopolis. 

x888. Atturicmn Hutncurut. Aug. 
Since Cindnnatti ceased to be Porko* 


xQoi. Daify TeUgrmSh^ 7 Jan., 8, 4. 
The nnn of Armour and Co. is one of the 
chief of those huge meat-podcing concerns 
which have given to Chicago its epithet of 


PORK- PIE, subs, thr, (obsolete). — 
A hat : modisn in the Sixties. 
[In shape resembling a pork-pie, 
or the Spanish * toreador,' fashion- 
able in the Nineties.] 

x86[f]. Music HaU Song, <In the 
Strand.' A pork-pib hat with a 4ittle 

x86o. Punch, xxxix. xx8. 'O, look 
here, Bill ; here's a swell with a Pork-pib 
on his head I " 

x86^ Braddon, Aurora. Floyd, xiL 
She rode across country, wearing a hat 
which provoked consideraole critid&m,— a 
hat which was no other than the now 
universal turban, or pork pib, but which 
was new to the world in the autumn of 

X869. C Rbadb, Foul Play, xxxiL 
She made herself a sralskin jacket and 
PORK-PIB hat. 

X883. Brbt Hartb, In the Car- 
quineu Woods, iv. The hat thus procured 
a few days later became, by the aid of a 
silk handkerchief and a blue-jay's feather, 
a fascinating pork-pik. 

PORPOI8E, subs, (common). — A 
stout man; fortyguts (f.».) = 
Fr. Saini'Lichcmi, or Saiitt- 

Porridge. To cook the por- 
ridge, verb, phr, (Scots'). — To 
contrive and execute a design. 

x8xi. Scott, Waoerley, iil 354* 
'But wha cooKiT THB parridcb tor 
himT* exclaimed the Bailie, 'I wad like 
to ken that :— wha, but your honour's to 

Su Breath. 

PORRIDOE-BOWL, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). The stomach ; the bread- 
basket {q,v,)\ see Victualling 

Porridge -DI8TURBER, sub, phr, 
(pugilistic). — A drive in the pit 
of the stomach. 

Portable, adu, (old). — * Pocket- 
able. '—B.E. (f.1696). 

Portage, subs, (old: now recog- 
nised). — 'Carriage of anything, 
whether by land or water.' — B.E. 

Portal to the Bower of Bliss, 

subs, phr, (literary). — The female 
pudendum: see Monosyllable. 


259 Portmanteau-word, 

x647-8. Hbrkick, Poems [Hazlitt, 
IVorks. ii vjil This loue-suarded pam- 
dice — Above the entrance there is written 
this, This b the portail to thb bower 


MONEY), subs, phr, (old collo- 
quial). — Money, of various values, 
temp. Elizabeth, struck for the 
East India Company (est. 1599) : 
also India money [it bore a 

1599. JoNSON, Every Man Out 0/ 
Humour^ iu. 6. It comes well, for I had 
not so much as the least portculucb of 
coyn before. 

Porter, subs, (old: long recog- 
nised). — * Hirelings to carry Bur- 
thens, Beasts of Burthen, or else 
Menial Servants set to guard the 

fates in a great Man's House.' — 
{.E. (r.i6^). 

Porterhouse-steak, subs, phr, 
(American). — A chop from the 
middle of the sirloin — with upper 
and undercut : occasionally, but 
improperly, from the wing-rib. 

i8ra. Clemens, Innocents Abroad^ 
xttL One would not be at all surprised to 
hear him say: 'A mutton-roast to-day, 
or will you have a nice portbrhousb- 

Porter's-knot, subs, phr, (obso- 
lete). — A large bob of hair, with 
a hanging curl : £Eishionable with 
women in the Sixties: also 


Port-hole, subs, (venery). — (i) 
The fundament : j^ Bum ; and 
(2) the female pudendum: see 

1664. Cotton, Virg^i Traoesile (ist 
ed.) 15. Bounce cnes the port-hole, out 
they fly, And make the world dance 

P0RTIONI8T, subs, (University).— 
See Postmaster. 


portmantua), subs, (once lite- 
rary: now vulgar). — A corruption 
of 'portmanteau.' 

[ ? ] Robin Hood and the Butcher 
[Child, Ballads^ v. 38]. And out of the 
sheriff's portmantlb He told three hun- 
dred pounds. 

i6i7-ia Howell, Letters ^ 137 [Oli- 
phant, NewEnglish^ \\. 79. Buckingham, 
in his Spanish journey carries a port- 
mantle under his arm ; our form of the 
word was to come seven years later.] 

x6a3. Mabbb, Guaman (1630) 158 
[Oli PHANT, New English^ iL 86. We see 
portmanteau in page 158, and the form 
portmantua in the Index ; our mantua- 
maker is a relic of this confusion]. 

i6oa Hacket, Life ^ Williams. L 
x6a He would linger no longer, and play 
at cards in King Philip's p^ace till the 
messenger with the port-mantick came 
from Rome. 

1736. Vanbrugh, Provoked Hus- 
bandf i. i. My lady's gear alone were as 
much as filled four portmantel trunks. 

Z753. Mrs. Lennox, Henrietta^ v. 
X. He sent orders to a servant to bring 


PORTMANTE/|lU-WORD, subs. phr. 
(common). — A made vocable 
packed with two or more 
meanings: e.g.y slithy = lithe 
+ slimy ; torrible = torrid -I- 
horrible ; squarson = squire -I- 
parson ; squirshop = squire + 
oishop. [The name was Lewis 
Carrol's, the method Bishop Sam. 

1876. Lewis Carrol, Hunting of 
the Snark, Preface. [Concerning] port- 
manteau-words — take the two words 
'^ming' and 'furious.' Make up your 
mind that you will sa3r both words, but 
leave it unsettled which you will say 
first ... if you have that rarest of gifts, 
a perfectly balanced mind, you will say 

1894. Globct 13 Oct., t. 4. In these 
circumstances it b really surprising that 
so few of these portmanteau words, 
as Lewis Carroll called them, are per- 




1767. Ray, Proverbs [Bohn], 175. 
To be tost PROM POST to pillory. 

1898. Bradpon, Rough Justice^ x8. 
Hunted from pillar to post. 

Other Colloquialisms are : 


AGAINST A POST = to go blindly ; 
STIFF AS A POST = unyielding : 
as a gatepost in the groand ; TO 

TALK (or preach) TO A POST = 

to talk to deaf ears : hence deaf 
AS A POST = as deaf as may be ; 
TO RIDE A POST = to copolate ; 


a woman ; TO talk post = to 
speak hastily ; POST alone = 
solitary ; TO kiss the post = 
{ju Kiss, and add quots. 1529 
and 1548) ; TO hold up a post 
(or THE wall) = to cling for 
support when drunk. Su also 
Bedpost ; Knight ; Nick. 

Z400. Hymns to Virgin and Christ 
[E. £. T. S.], 6x. [Here conscience is 
scornfully told] to prbchb to thb post. 

^1530. Skblton, PhyUyff Sparowe^ 

?rx5. Troylus also hath lost On her moch 
oue and cost, And now must kys thb 


15^ Barclay, Eglogufs (1^70), ii. 
sig. B liii. Yet from banning absent if 
thou be, Eyther shah thou lose thy meat 
and KissB thb post. 

X583. Stanihurst, CBnidf iv. 49a. 
Her self left also she deemed Post aloan, 
and soaly from woonted coompanye singled. 

1599. Shakspbare, Hen. V.. iii. 3. 
A' never broke any man's head out his 
own, and that was against a iR>st when 
he was drunk. 

^x6o8. Sackvills, Stafford D, 0/ 
Bitch, f St. 49. She cluuig'd her cheer, and 
left me post alonb. 

1633. Shirlby, The Changes^ i. i. 
'Twere no good manners to speak hastily 
to a gentlewoman, to talk post (as they 
say) to his mistress. 

P08T-AND-RAIL, subs, pkr, (Aus- 
tralian). — A wooden match ; 
POST-AND-RAIL TEA = ill-made 
tea, with floating stalks and 

1851. Australasian^ 398. Hyson- 
skin and POST-AND-RAiL TBA have been 
superseded by Mocha, claret, and cognac 

18^5. Mundy, Our Antipodes^ x6-i. 
A hot beverage in a tin pot, which richly 
deserved the colonial epithet of post-and- 
RAIL TBA, for it might well have been a 
decoction of 'split stuff.' or Mronbark 
shineles,' for any resemblance it bore to 
the Chinese plant. 

1870. Braim, Nevf Homes^ L The 
shepherd's wife kindly gave us the in- 
variable mutton-chop and damper, and 


1883. Kbighlby, Who are You 1 36. 
Then took a drink of tea . . . Such as 
the swagmen in our goodly land Have 
with some humour named the post-and- 


Posteriors, jtf^j. (old coUoqoial). 
— I. The buttocks; and (2) the 
after part. 

1594. Shakspbarb, Love's Lab. 
Lost, v. X, 94. It b the King's . . . 
pleasure ... to congratulate the princess 
at her pavilion in the posteriors of this 
day, which the rude multitude call the 

POSTERN, subs, (venery).— I. The 
fundament ; also postern-door : 
see Monocular -eyeglass ; (2) 
the female pudendum ; also pos- 
tern gate to the Elysian 
Fields (Herrick): see Mono- 

1678. Cotton, Virgil Traoestie 
\Worhs (1735), 139 J. And thrice her latest 
breath did roar. In hollow Sound at 
PosTERN'DOOR. Ibid, (zst ed., p. 8>. 
Whom Jove observing to be so stem, In 
the wise conduct of his postbrn. 

X719. DuRPBY, Pills to Purge, t 
364. So SUsly shone with Beauty's rays 
Reflecting from her Postbrn grace. 

1749. Robertson of Struan, Poems, 
83. So to a House of Office streight A 
^hool'Boy docs repair. To ease his 
Postbrn of its Weight. 

Post- HORN, subs. phr. (common). 
— The nose : also paste- horn : 
see Conk. 

Postillion. See St. George. 




Postillion op thb Gtospbl, 
subs, phr, (old). — A gabbling 
parson. — Grose (1785). 

Postman, sttbs, (obsolete legal). — 
See quot. [The old Court of 
Excheqaer is now merged in the 
High Court of Justice.] 

'765-9^ Blackstonb, Ctffw.i III. iiL 
Note. Id the courts of exchequer, two of 
the most experienced barristers, called the 
POST'MAN and the tub-man (from the 
places in which they sit), have also a 
precedence in motions. 

PO8TMA8TER, subs, (University). — 
An exhibitioner of Merton Col- 
lege : also PORTIONIST. 

X853. Braolbv, Verdmni Grten, viL 
I remember Mr. iMxkyps . . . telling us 
that the son of one of his old friends had 
been a postmastbr of Merton. 

x886. Oxford Guidt [S. J. ft C). 
The PosTMASTBRS anciently performed 
the duties of Choristers, and their payment 
for this duty was six shillings and four- 
pence per annum. 


(old). — ^The prime minister : ' who 
has the patronage of all posts and 
places.* — Gross (1785). 

Post-mortem, subs, fhr, (Cam- 
bridge). — The exammation after 

1844. P*^t 13. 
PosT-MORTBM at last. 

I've passed the 

PO8T-ANOINTER, subs, pkr, (old). 
— A house painter. — Gross 


Post-office. A lbttbr in thb 
POST-OFFics, subs, phr, (Ameri- 
can). — ^A flying shirt-tail. 

Post-office Bisle, subs, phr, 
(Post-oflSce).— The London De- 
livery Book. 

Post-office Prayer-sook, subs, 
phr, (Post-office). — The Post- 
office Guide. 

Pot, si^s, (old colloquial). — A 
quart : the quantity contained in 
a POT. Whence as verb, = to 
drink ; also (American) TO 


{q,v,) ; POTATIONS (recognised) 
= a drinking-bout ; POT-HOUSS 
(or SHOP) = a beer-shop, a lush- 
crib {q,v,) ; pot-housb (or 


an ignorant, irresponsible spouter 
of politics ; pot-companion = 
(i) a cup-comrade, and (2) an 
habitual drunkard : as also = Pot- 
fury (also = drunkenness), 




POT-PUN ISHMSNT = compulsory 
tippling; pot-quarrbl= a drun- 
ken squabble; pot-sick (or 
-SHOT) = drank ; POT-SURS 
(-HARDY, or -VALIANT) = em- 
boldened by liquor : ef. Dutch 
COURAGE (B. jB., ^1696, and 
Gross, 1785) ; pot-bbllibd = 
fat, bloated in stomach as from 
guzzling : also POT-BBLLY (or 
guts) = a big-bellied one ; POT- 
RBVBL = a dranken frolic ; pot- 
man i a (or potomania) = dipso- 
mania; Sir (or Madam) Pint- 
pot = a host (or hostess) ; pot- 
boy (or -MAN) = a bar-scullion : 
whence pot-boy-dom. 

X560W Bbcok, Works [Paricer Soc.], 
276. Good wife Pint-pot. 

1584. [? Monday], ffVcAcr/ #9 fKiii/; 
iiL 4. Now, mine host ro»-pot, empty- 
can, beer-barreL 

1 504* LvLY, Mother Bombie^ iii. a. 
Dro, How ^ped'st thou after thy potting f 
Ris. Nay, my master rung all in the 
taveme, and thrust all out. 

X597. Hall, Satiru, i. iiL With 
some pot-fury . . . they ait and muse. 

X598. Lomatius cm Pmintimg 
(Narbs]. But these base fellowes I leave 
m their ale-houses, to take pot-ponisii* 
MBNT of each other once a day, till, ftc. 




X598. Shakspbarb, / Hen, /^., 11. 
4, 438. Peace, good mmt-pot : Peace, 
S)od tickle-brain. Ibid., */r«trr K/., ii 
3. And here's a pot of ?ood double beer. 
IbiiL (1603), OikeUo, U. 3. 1 learned it in 
Engluid, where, indeed, they are roost 
potent in potting : your ^ Dane, your 
German, and your swi^-bellied Hollander 
... are nothing to your English. 

1614. Timds WJusiU [E. E. T. S.], 
<9. One POT<coMPANiON and his &shion 
I will describe. 

x6ao. Fbltham, Rtsohfts, 84. It is 
less labour to plow than to pot it. 

163a Taylok, Works [NarbsI. And 
being mad perhaps, and hot pot-shot, A 
crazed crowne or broken pate hath got. 
IHd, This valiant pot«lbach that upon 
hb knees Has dmnke a thousand pottles 

£.x65a Brathwavtb, Bamaiys /. 
(>733X "I* "9* Kindly drink to one 
another Till pot«hardy. JHtLt 167. If 
thou dost love thy flock, leave off to pot. 

1651. Cartwright, RoyiU Slave 

iNARBS]. Arc Faith, landlord. MoL 
'd have sworn thou hadst bin of a better 
nature, than to remember pot-quarrbls. 

x6«3. Walton, CompUU AngUr^ 
x8x. Let's each man drink a pot for his 
morning's draught. 

X653. Urquhart, RabtlaiSt l xl. 
WellHUitidoted with pot*proof armour. 

X659. Legend of Captain Jones 
[Narbs]. When these rougn gods beheld 
him thus secure. And arm'd i^ainst them 
like a man pot-surb. 

X7013. Ward, London S/y, xv. 366. 
He had made himself Pot Valiant with 
his Countryman's Liquor. 

d.ijo4.. L'Estrangb, Qnevado [La- 
thamti For fuddling they snail make the 
best POT-COMPANION in Switzerland knock 
under the table. 

17x5. HBARNB,Z>uKryr, XX Oct. Tho' 
he [a posture-master] is a well-growu 
fellow yet he will appear ... as huncht- 
back'd, POTT-BBLLYD, shaxp-breasted. 

X799. SwiPT, Directions to Servants^ 
iv. They will wait until you slip into a 
neighbouring ale-house to take a pot with 
a friend. 

b. X744. Arbuthnot and Popb, Martin 
ScriiUrus [Ency. Diet.]. He will find 
hunaelf a forkea stradling aniaial, and a 

X7191 Smollett, Gil Blot [Rout- 
LBDGBj, X79. A long bench, such as 
usually graces a pot-housb porch. lUd. , 
966. He told me . . . they could only be 


Humphrey Clinker^ L 30. Like a man 
who nas drunk himself pot-valiant^ I 
talked to her in such a style of authority 
and resolution, as produced a most blened 

x^7a. Gravbs, Spiritual Quixote^ 


X803. Lamb, To Coleridge^ 13 Ap. 
Last night ... a pipe, and some generous 
Port, and Xing' £ear had their effects as 
solaoers. I went to bed pot-valiant. 

x8[T]. Gray, To Mason [Latham]. 
He appears to be near forty ; a little pot- 
BBLLiBD and thick-shouldered, otherwise 
no bad figure. 

X834. SouTHBV, ^ The Doctor^ xliv. 
Bamabee, the illustrious potator, saw 
there the most uabecoming sight that he 
met with in all his travels. 

tZ-^ M. Scott, Tom Cringle^ xiL 
The little pot-valiant master, primed 
with two tumblers of gro^, in defiance of 
the Captun's presence, fairly fastened on 

X837. DiCKBNs, Piekwickt IL ' Per- 
haps we had better retire,' whispered Mr. 
Pickwick. 'Never, sir.' rejoined Pott. 
POT-VALiANT in A double sense, ' never. 
Ibid^ HL A sequestered pot-shop on t^ 
remotest confines of the Borough. 

1849. KiNGSLBY, Alien Locke^ xiiL 
It b a part of his game to ingratiate him- 
self witn all pot-boy-DOM. 

X849. Macaulay, Hist, Sng'.t v. 
The coarse dialect which he had learned 
in the pot-housbs oi WhitechapeL 

X85X. S. JUDD, Margaret, UL The 
old man is still mecurial; but his pot- 
VAUANTRY is gone. 

x8sx. Mayhbw, Lend. Lab.j n. X7. 
I could get a pot-boy's place a^n, but 
I'm not so strong as I were, and its slavish 
work in the pUu^ I could get. 

x8ss. KiNGSLBY, Westward Ho, xy. 
She was too good for a poor pot-hbad 
Uke me. 

i860. DiCKBNS, Uneommereial 
TraoelleTj xiii. The potman thrust the 
ast brawling drunkards into the street 

X864. Eton School Da^s^yuu Bird's- 
eye's patrons would ... sit in his cottage 
and smoke and drink beer, for they were 

poUnt at POTTING. 




x669. RumpSofuri^ ti. 44. If Monesk 
be turn'd Scot, The Rump gobs to pot, 
And the good Old cause will miscarry. 

1665. Hkad, Eiu^iisk Ropte (1874), 
t. X. 77. ^ We will make his Till spring a 
leak for it, or his Goods go to Pot, and 
break him at last. 

1680. Drydbn, ProL to Univ.t 
Oxford f 15 (Globe, 441). Then all you 
heathen wits shall go to pot For dis- 
believing of a Popish plot. 

1686. HiCDBN, On Tenth Satire 0/ 
Jttvenalf 13. The Founder's foumace 
grows red'hot — Sejanus Statue gobs to 


171a. ^ Arbuthnot, Hist, 0/ John 
Bull^ I. iri. John's ready money, book 
debts, bonds, mortgages, all went into the 
lawyers' pockets. Then John began to 
borrow money on Bmnk Stocky East India 
Bonds : and now and then a fiurm vtbnt 
to pot. 

1771. Smollbtt, Humphry Clinker ^ 
61. We went by sea to another kingdom, 
called Fife, and, coming back, had like 
to have gonb to pot in a storm. 

X779. Bridge^ Burlesque Homer. 
31. Mother, since I'm to go to pot. Ana 
must be either hang'd or shot 

1840. B ARM AM, Ineoldshy Legends ^ 
' Merchant of Venice.' " In the first place 
you know all the money I've got. Time 
and often, from now has been long gonb 


X889. Comkill Mag.t Jvly, 4/S. For 
the potato is really going to pot . . . 
Constitutional disease and the Colorado 
beetle have inreyed too long upon its 
delicate organism. 

Colloquialisms are : — A pot 
(or pitcher) oft sent to the 


the inevitable must happen : see 
Pitcher, subs, i ; to agree 


wrangle : see Black-arse ; as 

THER = very like mdeed ; A 

a little suffices, and (2) little 
people (or minds) are soon 
angered (B. E., ^.1696); to 


THE POT BOILING) = (i) to pro- 

vide necessaries^ and (2) to keep 
things going : Fr. (artists') /aire 
du metier : see Pot-boiler ; to 


to set the arms akimbo ; TO put 
ON THE POT = {i) see Pot, suSs., 
(2) = to overcharge, (3) = to 
exaggerate, (4) = to bully, (5) = 
to snub, or patronise (also TO put 
ON THE BIG POT) : see Pot, subs, 
4, and (6) = to provide the neces- 
saries of life ; to put on the 
pot = to banish, to extinguish ; 
to make a pot at = to grimace ; 
TO make pots and pans = * to 
spend freely, then beg' (Bee, 


A mustard-pot = to give no- 
thing (Ray, 1670) ; * If you 
touch pot, you must touch 
PENNY = 'You must pay for 
what you have.* Also see Piss, 
Pot-and-pan, Old Pod, Pot- 
shot, Pot-hat, Honey-pot, &c. 

148 1. Reynard the Foxe [Percy 

WATBR that at last it COMBTH TO- 

X535. CovBRDALB, BihU^ Eccles. 


1546. Hbywood, Proverbs t s.v. 


Z593. Shakspbarb, Tarn, of Shrew ^ 
iv. 1,5. Now, were I not a little pot 


1661. Hbvlin, Hist. Re/ormationf 
913. So poor that it is hardly able to 
KBBP THE POT BOILING for a parson's 

1678. Cotton, Scarronides. 236. 
See what a goodly port she bears. Making 
the pot with the two bars. 

18x3. CooMBB, Dr, Syntax^ L xxiiL 
No fav'rtng patrons have I got. But just 
enough to boil the pot. 

1836. Dickens, Pickwick^ xxx, Mr. 
Pickwick . . . went slowly and gravely 
down the slide ..." Keep the pot a 
bilin', sir 1 " said Sam ; and down went 
Wardle . . . Mr. Pickwick, and then 
Sam, . . . following closely upon each 
other's heels. 




Z885. Z>. TVikrm/A. 38 Dec. Below 
the composer's mark, and diatinctly c£ the 
roT-BOiLiNG order. 

1887. Li^ptMCottt Mag.f July, x6a 
Colonel Higginson, for example — advises 
a connection with a newspapHsr. Doubt* 
less as a pot-boilkk that would be a good 

x888. GUbe^ 17 Oct. It is auite 
impossible for an author to produce a level 
series of books . . . First there is a good 
book, then a pot-boiler, perhaps two 
POT-BOILERS, perhaps more, and then a 
a return to the old form. 

1893. Sola's Journal^ 9 July, 339. 
Between the age« of eighteen and twenty* 
three I must have produced myself many 
scores of pot-boilers. 

2. (provincial). — ^A house- 

3. (scientific). — See quot. 

1874. Dawkins. Cave Hunting^ iiL 
Among the articles ot daily use were many 
rounded |>ebbles. with marks of fire upon 
them, which had probably been heated for 
the purpose of boilins water. Pot* 
boilers, as they are called, of this kind 
are used by many savage peoples at the 
present day, and if we wished to heat 
water in a vessel that would not stand the 
fire^ we should be obliged to employ a 
similar method. 

POTCHINQ, subs, (waiters?). — See 
quot. \Century: PoTCH = an 
obsolete form of * poach.'] 

1883. Gra^hie^ 17 March, 383, 3. 
Good-natured customers may ima^ne that 
if they have given a fee to the waiter who 
presents the bill, they may hand another 
to the usual man who has attended upon 
them ; but head-waiters are alive to the 
perils of this practice, which thev call 
potching (prooably from poaching^, and 
dismissal will be the punishment of the 
waiter who is caught Uking vails on the 

POT- FAKER, subs, phr, (common). 
— A hawker; a Cheap-jack 
{q.v,) : spec, one dealing in 

POT-QUN, subs, phr, (old). — I. A 
toy gun : pop-gun is a later form : 
su Pop, verb^ 

Z55a Udal, i7MrikrZ>^/rrf Arbkr], 
73. Bryng with thee my potcunnb hang- 
yng by the walL 

1585. Nomenclator^ 8.v. Schpus^ 6^e, 
A POT*(iUN made of an eldeme sticke, or 
hollow quill, whereout bojres shoote 
chawen paper. 

z6xa Hall. Married Clergy^ 148. 
They are but as tne potguns of bo^ 

1/.X637. JoNSON [MoxoN, IVorAs, 719J. 
The ratling pit-pat noise Of the less poetic 
boys. When their potguns aim to hit 
With their pellets of small wit. 

1707. Ward, Hudibras Redivious^ 
I. xii. x6i Such dreadful Pot-guns of 
Correction, That threaten'd nothing but 

x8m. Whitbing, 
Pigeons may be 

^ St, [X901I, 

8a Pigeons may be killed, of course, 
with a POP-GUN IN a back-yud. 


2, (old). — A reproach. 

1633. Webster, Duck. ^MtUJi, iiL 
I saw a Dutchman break his pate once 
or calling him pot-gun. 

1693. CoNGREvs, Old Bachelor^ iii. 
8. That sign of a man there — ^that pot- 
gun charged with wind. 

Pot- HAT, subs, phr, (common). — 
Su quot 1891. 

X869. Bradwood, O, V, H,^ xL 
Temmy . . . securing a pot-hat, pea- 
jacket, and double-thong as precaution, 
went to the servants' halL 

x88o. Sporting TimtSy 3 Aug., 3, x. 
A gentlemanly young fellow in a tweed 
suit and a pot hat. 

. The 

Notes amdQutries, 7 S. xii. 48. 
term pot*hat . . . until lately 
I always thought was short for ' chimney- 
pot hat,' less reverently known as a * tile : 
but at the present time it is olten appliea 
to a felt hat. 

x8o6. Sala^ London Up to Datt^ 6a. 
I should respectfully advise nim . . . not 
to be in the habit of perambulating Pall 
Mall in a suit of dittoes and a pot hat. 

Potheen, subs, (Irish). — Illicit 
whiskey. Also potshbkn. 




C.18019. Edgewortm, i43jtfii/r«, X. 'A 
eUss of what 7 ' ' Potsheen, plase your 
Eonour ; beca-ase it's the little whiskey 
that's made in the private still or pot \ 
and sheen it's a fond word for whatsoever 
we'd like, and for what we have little of, 
and would make much of. 

1836. M. Scott, Tom Crin%Us Log^ 
iL Staggering and swaying about under 
the influence of the potbbn. 

POT-HOOI€8,5fi^i./^r. (military). — 
The Seventy-seventh Foot, now 
the and Batt Duke of Cam- 
bridge's Own (Middlesex R^- 
ment). [From the resemblance 
of the two sevens in the old 
r^mental number to pot- 

Pot-hooks and hangers, 
subs, phr, (colloquial). — i. The 
elementary characters formed by 
children when learning to write. 
Hence, a scrawl, or bad writing. 
—R E. (^-.1696) ; Grose (1785). 
[Cf. Flesh-hooks (^.1321, ReL 
Antiq, i.) = notes of music] 

169a Dryden, Don Sebastian^ ii. 2. 
I long to be spelling her Arabick scrawls 

177a. Bridges, BurUsqite Horner^ 
469. If ever ... I such a pack of pot- 
hooks saw. What language does he 

1 8a I. EksAN, Life in LotuUm^ 11. v. 
Whose to understand it? Vy it's full of 


2. (old).— Shorthand. 

Pot-house (The), subs, phr, (Cam- 
bridge). — St. Peter's College : 
formerly Peterhouse. 

1891. Harry Fludyer^ 85. I made 
a shot and said 'Pothouse.' He said, ' I 
suppose you mean St. Peter's Collie.' 

Su Pot, subs, i. 

Potion. See Bitter Pill. 

Pot-hunter. See Pot, verb 3, 
and Pot-luck. 


BBLL, verb, phr, (Scots'). — To 
confirm a bargain by linking the 
little fingers 01 the right hand. 

Pot-luck, subs, phr, (old collo- 
quial). — Whatever is going in the 
way of food and drink ; an im- 
promptu invitation ; whence, a 
hearty welcome : TO take pot- 
luck = to take the hazard of a 
meal. Hence pot-hunter = a 
self-invited guest. 

>593' Nashe, Strange Nevtes [Geo- 
SAKT, H^orhSf ii. 243]. This . . . greedy 
pothunter after applause, is an apparent 
Publican and sinner ; a selle>loue surfetted 
sot. /bid. (z6oo), Summers Last IVUl 
[Grosart, tVorhs, VL 131]. We had but 
even pot-luck, a little to moysten our 
lips, and no more. 

17^9 Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge j, 71. ^ He then offered us his crusts, 
and asked with a smile if we would take 
POTLUCK with him. 

17^9. Graves, Spiritual Quixote^ 
XIX. xu. He should be very welcome to 
TAKE POT-LUCK with him. 

1814. Saxon, and G€ul^ i. 55. If you 
. . . and my Leddy Mary, wad come in a 
canny way, and tak pat-luck wi' Jean 
and me . . . I ffie nae dinner ae day but 
what I can gie iUca day in the year. 

1837. Barham, Ingoldsby Legend* 
(1863), 948. Quoth the Lad]r. ' Dear Sir, 
no apologies pray. You will take our 
POT-LUCK in the family way.' 

1857. Thackeray, Virginiatu, 
IxxvL " What ! come to take pot- 
LUCK with us. Brown my boy? Betsy! 
put a knife and fork for Mr. Brown. Eat 1 
Welcome ! Fall to ! It's my best ! " 

1858. G. Eliot, Amos Barton^ i. 
He never contradicted Mrs. Hackit, a 
woman whose pot>luck was always to be 
relied on. 

1870. Chambers's Miscellany^ No. 87, 
6. " I'm going home to dinner, and you 

must TAKE POT-LUCK With US." 

1891. Harry Fludyer at Cambridge 
. . . 38. I decided to accept a very kind 
invitation from Blofield to take pot-luck 
with him and Mrs. Blofield yesterday in 
Grosvenor Gardens. 




1898. Smt, Xnt., z9 Nov., 657, z. 
Whilst rival nations have been taking^ pot- 
luck' and helping themselves freely to 
whatever happened to be going. 

189a. WHiTBiNG,/^>b«5'/.,xxv. He 
leaves the meetine^ and accepts an invita- 
tion to POT-LUCK tor the remainder of the 
revel from one of the Bacchanalian floors. 

POT-OF-WINE, subs,phr, (old).— A 
bribe. Fr. pot'de-vitu 

Pot-shot. See Pot, suhs, and 
xterb, I. 

POTTAQE. See Breath and Piss ; 
besides whicb there are proverbial 
sayings : — * With cost one may 
make pottage of a joint-stool' ; 
* Scald not your lips in another 
man's pottage ' ; * Like a chip 
in a POTTAGB-pot, neither good 
nor harm.' 

POTTED-FUQ, subs. pkr, (Rngby).— 
Potted meat 

Potter, verb, (colloquial). — i. To 
walk aimlessly and listlessly ; (2) 
to make a pretence of work ; and 
(3) to dawale : osnally with about. 
Hence as subs, = a saunter, a 
slow pace : also pottbrbr. 

1854. Martin and Aytoun. B&n 
Gualtter BeUlads^ ' The Lay of the Lover's 
Friend.' He waxes strong upon his pangs, 
And POTTBRS o'er his grog. 

1857. T. Hughes. Tom Brown*s 
Schooldays^ i. a. Past tne old church and 
down the footpath, pottbrbd the old man 
and the child, hand-in-hand. 

1850. Qeorgb Eliot. Adam Btde. 
xviL His servants stayed with him till 
they were so old and pottbking he had to 
hire other folk to do their work. 

x868. Collins, Moonsiotu, i. xxiiL 
I . . . was pottering about the grounds, 
when I heard my name called. 

X870. BeirtL(/t,99Jv\y, It was a 
day of pottering about — ^no run worthy 
of the name, and no kill. 

1878-80. McCaxtht, Hist, Own 
TitHtSf xviL Lord John Rossell's Govern- 
ment pottered with the difficulty rather 
than encountered it. 

1884. H. James, Jr., Little Tour^ 
359. I . . . pottered about Beaune 
rather rather vaguely for the rest of my 

x886. FUldt aj Feh. The run . . . 
d<^enerated into a potter. 

1898. BoLDREWOOD, Roibery Under 
Armtf v. You haven't got to do with the 
old-fashioned mounted police as was pot- 
tering about. 

Pottery, subs, (common). — Poetry. 
Pot-walloper (-wabbler, -wal- 

LONER, or -WALLER), Subs, pkr, 

(politi(»I t was obsolete). — I. Su 
quots. [The qualification was 
abolished by the Reform Bill of 
1 832. ] Hence pot- wallopi no, 
and also subs, and adj, — Grosb 


1734-7. Ds Fob, Tomr thro* Great 
BritatMt IL 18. The election of members 
here [Taunton] is by those whom they call 
POT-WALLONERS— (hat b to Say, every 
inhabitant, whether honsdceepo- or lodger, 
who dresses his own victuals ; to make out 
which, several inmates or lodj^ers will, some 
little time before the election, bring out 
their j^ots, and make fires in tibe street, and 
boil victuaU in the sight of their neigh- 
bours, that their votes may not be called 
in question. 

1787. Grose, Prw. Glossary. s.v. 
"Walling." IVailinf, Le., boilii^ . . . 
Perhaps the same as waile^ptng ; whence 
in some boroughs, persons who boil a pot 
there are called pot-walloppbrSj and en- 
titled to vote for representatives m Parlia- 

1807. SouTHEV, Letters, W, 39. A 
pot-walloping borough like Taunton. 

1857. TnoLLorRtTkree Clerks, xjdx, 
" I am once more a constituent part of the 
legislative wisdom of the United Kingdom, 
thanks to the patriotic disaretion of the 
POT- wallopers, burgage-tenants, and ten- 
pound freeholders of these lojral towns." 

2. (common). — A scallion ; a 
kitchen-maid ; and (nautical) a 
cook, esp. on board a whaler: 





5. (common). — A tap-room 
loafer; a spouter : esp. (theatrical) 
a PROSSBR {q*vJ)* 

Pouch (or pouch up), verb, (collo- 
quial). — I. To pocket. 

1567. VxmAXD&t DMfttom and Pythias 
[BoDSLBV, Old Plays (1874X iv. 40]. 
[OuPHANT, Nsw EngUsh^ L 563. In p. 40 
stands to pouch up money (for his own 
use) ; in our time a liberal moid pouches 

1635. QuARLBS, BmbUmSt L 9^ 
Come, brin^ yoor saint pouch'o in his 
leathern shnne. 

z8ai. Scott, /'irs/r, vi And for the 
value of the gowden piece, it shall never 
be said I pouchkd her siller. 

x88i. Scu Anur^ 55. They [the 
letters] have neact to be poochxd. 

XB86-06. Marshall, * Potass* /rem 
iAsPinJk^l/MVPukiey'],9o. HepouCHBD 
the change. 

X889. Licenstd Viciuallsrs* Gas,, 
4 Jan. Two hundred solid quids he 
pouchkd. And then he slid. 

3. (common). — To eat. 

1893. MiLUKUf, 'Arty Ballads, 49. 
Fancy pouching yoar prog on a terrace. 

X, (common). — To tip; to pro- 
vidfe with money. 

1844. DiSRABLI, CofUMfsby, L II. 

He had been loaded with kinoness, . . . 
and, finally, had been pouchko in a 
manner worthy of a Marquess and of a 

1864. £tOH School Days. L 4. " Did 
your governor pouch ytni," asked Purefoy, 
as they vrere g<nng towards the Station. 
** Yes,'' repUed Butler Burke, " and so did 
the mater. ' 

Pouch ET, suds, (old).— A pocket 

x68a. Radclippb, Ramilsr, &*c., 
4A. 'Upon a Bowl of Punch.' Did out 
ot his Pouchbt three nutm^;s produce. 

Pouch-mouth, iM^x./^r. (old).— A 
ranter. Also as ai(/. = ranting. 

x6oa D B K K B R , SaiirO'Mastix 

i Hawkins, Ea^. Dr., iii. 174]. Players, 
: mean, theatenans, pouch>mouth stage- 


TUB, subs, phr, (old). — The sali- 
vating cradle or pit formerly used 
in cases of lues venerea ; the 
pickling tub. — Grose (1785), and 
Halliwell (1847). Also * The 
Pocky Hospital at Kingsland, 
near London.' — B. K (^.1096). 

1599. Shakspbarb, Hsnry K., iL x. 
" From the powd'ring-tub of infamy 
Fetch forth the kuar kite Doll Tearaheet.^' 

x6ix. Chapman, May-dav, iL 5. 
How mean ]rou thatf d'ye think I came 
lately ath' powdbring tub. 

C.X697. T. Brown, Comical VUw 
\Works (171 5X I. x8a]. As fair as a sinner 
newly Come out of the powdbring tub. 

POUF, subs, (theatrical). — ^A woold- 
be actor. 

POULAIN, subs, (venery).— A bubo ; 
a Winchester-goose {g,v,), — 
Grose ( i 785). Fr. poulaiu, 

POULDERLINQ, subs, (obs. Univer- 
sity). — See quot. 

X607. Christmas Primes (1816X t. 
The whole companye. or most parte of the 
students of the same nouse mette toogeher 
to heginne their Christmas, of wdi some 
came to see sports, to witte the seniors as 
well graduates as vnder-graduates. Others 
to aoake sports, viz., studentes of the 
seconde yeaure, whom they call Poulobr- 


POULTERER, subs, (old).— A thief 
who stole and gutted letters. — 
Grose (1785); Matsell (1859). 

Poultice Wallah, subs, pkr. 
(military). — A surgeon's assistant. 


(military). — The Ro3ral Army 
Medical Corj^js. Also "The 
Licensed (or Linseed) Lancers " ; 
" The Pills." 

POULTRY, subs, (old). — Women- 
kind: generic: cf. Hen, Plover, 
Pheasant, Partridge, &c. 
Celestial poultry = angels. 




x6ii. Chapman, May-Day^ La. If 
I do not bring ... at least some special 
favour from her . . . then ne\'er trust my 
skill in POULTRY whilst thou livest again. 

Pounce, verb, (American).— To 
thrash: see Tan. 

1847. PoRTBR, Big Beart ^^., 146. 
He did then and there . . . most wantonly 
POUNCKD his old wife. 

PouNCEY. See Ponce. 

Pound, subs, (old). — ^A prison : see 
Cage and Lob's Pound. Hence 
POUNDED = imprisoned. — Grose 

Verb, (colloquial). — To ham- 
mer {q.v,)i see Tan.— Grose 
(1785). Whence pounding- 
MATCH = a fight Also PUN. 

Z596. Spbnsbr, Fahy Quett^ iv. iv. 
31. A hundred knights mulhim enclosed 
round, ... All which at once huge strokes 
oo him did pound, in hope to take him 

1598. TuoJiio.WffrUeiiflV^des,^ 
To stampe or punnb in a mortar. 

z6o9. Shakspbarb, Trmlus^ iL x. 
He would PUN thee into shivers with his 
fist, as a sailor hreaJcs a biscuit. 

1850. Whitby, Political PortraiU^ 
306. Tne Crimean War was at best a 
POUNDING-MATCH ; the result proved 
nothing but that Russia, single-handed, 
could not hope to keep its ground againtt 
united France and England. 

z888. S/arttmant a8 Nov. To see 
the mea pound each ouer. 

2. (colloc^uial). — To move for- 
ward, steadily and with more or 
less noise: generally with * along,' 
or ' up and down.* 

1884. Century Mag.y xxxvii. 90a 
He's poundbd up and down across this 
Territory for the last five years. 

1885. Daily TeUgra^k^ 3 Oct. 
Pounding along a dusty high road. 

189^ Ytlkm Booh^ l 196. We can't 
escape ner . . . she pounds along un- 


3. (hunting). — To ^t caught, 
or left in a field with no e^sy 
means of egress save a fence your 
horse won't take: stuck as in a 

1884. Saturday Review, 5 Jan. 
jumps a little and I see him poundkd 

i88«. Daily Telegraph, 37 Oct. Any 
fence which would be likely to pound or 
give a fall to his rivaL 

4. (old). — See qnot. 

^ i8az. Egan. Life in L&9uion^ vl, vL 
This feature u what the ban. tntnuUs term 
being pounded; i.e., b^g causht 
"astray" firom propriety. 

5. (American). — To copulate: 
see Grbens and Ride. 

To POUND IT, verb, phr, (old). 
—I. See quot 1819. Hence 
POUNDABLB= certain, inevitable ; 
and (2) to wager in poands (Bbs, 

18x9. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. Pound 
It. To ensure or make a certainty of any 
thing ; thus, a man will say, I'll poumd it 
to be so ; taken, probably^ from the custom 
of lajring, or rather oflFeru^ ten pounds to 
a crown at a cock-match, in which case 
if no person takes this extravagant odds, 
the battle is at an end. This is termed 


i8a8. Bbb. Lioi$tg Picture qf JLom" 
douy 44. You'll soon be bowled out, I'll 


X838. DiCKBNS, Olioer Twist, scxzix. 
I'll POUND IT that you han't. 

To GO one's POUND, verb, phr, 
(military). — To eat a thing out. 
[The weight of a soldier's ration 
of bread and meat is I lb.] 

In for pound, adv. phr, 
(thieves').— Committed for tnal. 

Shut in the parson's pound, 
phr, (old).— Married ; spliced 
(^. v.). —Grose (1785). 


277 Powder-numkey, 

Pounders, subs, {o\^.—T>it testes: 
see Cods. 

1699. D RYDBN, Juvenal^ vi. (yd ed.)f 
1x4. Their solid joy, Is when the Page, 
already past a boy, Is caponed late, and to 
the guelder shown, With nis two pounders 
to perfection grown. 

PouNDREL, subs, (old).-— I. The 

Z714. Cotton, IVorks^ 14. So nimbly 
flew away these scoundrels, Glad they had 
'scap'd, and sav'd their poundrbls. 

Pound-text, subs, phr, (common). 
— A parson : see Sky-pilot. 

Poupe (or Poop), subs, (vulgar). — 
A noisy vent; a fart {j^.v."): 
also as z)erb. 

Pout, subs. (Scots*). — ^A sweet- 
heart. [O. E. pult = a yong 
henne. Prompt. Parv.] 

X768. Ross, HeUiutrt^ 93. The 
Squire— retomins mist his pout, . . . And 
for her was just luce to bum die town. 

Pouter, subs, (venery). — The fe- 
male pudendum : see Mono- 
syllable, and ef. Diddly- 


Poverty-basket, subs. phr. (old). 
— A wicker cradle. — Bee (1823). 

Poverty-junction (or -corner), 
subs. phr. (variety artists*). — The 
comer of the York and Waterloo 
Roads, London. See qaot. In 
New York that portion of 14th 
Street, opposite the Washington 
Statae, is known as *The Slave 
Market' for similar reasons. 

x89a Tit-Bits 1 39 Mar. , 190, 3. Any 
Monday, between eleven and three, may 
be seen a hundred or more persons of both 
sexes outside [the York Hotel] waiting in 
the hope of obtaining engagements in 
music-halls or variety theatres— " lion 
comiques," "serio- comics," "character 
comedians," in fact, every variety of music- 
hall artiste. Anyone wishing^ to see faces 
beaming with joy and prosperity [or] worn 
pale and thin Vy privation, care, and 

anxiety, wiU not find any bettor oppor* 
tunity than by paying a visit on a Mon- 
day morning to Poverty Junction. — 

Powder, sids. (old: now pugi- 
lists'). — Strength ; vigour ; inspi- 
ration ; BEANS {q.V.)l DEVIL 
(£,v.)'. hence, as verb. = to be 
all over an adversary ; TO pow- 
der one's jacket = to swinge 
< like hell.' 

1664. Cotton, Virgil Traoestte (ist 
ed.), xgl The \l^ndes grew louder still 
and louder. And play'd their gambals with 


dlx704. Sir R. L'EsTRANCB [C««/«rx^ 
Whilst two companions were disputing^ it 
at sword's point, down comes a kite 
POWDERING vpon them, and gobbets up 

(LiZjo. DiCKBNs [Centuryl. He had 
done wonders before, but now he began 
to POWDER away like a raving giant. 

x88o. Lietmed VictualUr^s Go*., x8 
Jan. P^ into him. Snacks — put more 
POWDER in 'em. 

Powder and shot, r. 
(colloquial). — Cost ; effort ; 
labour. Not worth powder 
or shot = not worth trouble or 


Powder-monkey, subs. phr. (for- 
merly naval). — ^A boy employed 
to carry gunpowder from maga- 
zine to gun. Fr. moussaillon. — 
B. E. (^.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

1682. Radclippb, Rambler^ ^^., 
68. ' Call to the Guard.' To be near him 
the next takes care not to fill, Powder- 
monkey by name. 

dlx704. T. Brown, Works (1760), ii 
ai3. Lucifer . . . would not . . . have 
listed them ; they would not have been fit 
for so much as powder-monkeys. 

X787. Sir J. Hawkins, Johtuon^ 195. 
One poet feigns that the town is a sea, Uie 
playhouse a ship, the manager the captsdn, 
the plaj^rs s-uiors, and the orange-girls 


18x5. ScoTT, Guy Mmnnerin^^ lil. 
Bllangowan had him placed as cabm-boy 
or powDBR-MONKBV OD board an armed 




xBTa^ Chmmb*rt*t Mis., Na 77, 4. 
The boy is emploved^ in hanoing die cart> 
ridges, for which ne b hoooared with the 
name of powobii<monkby. 

Power, ntbs, (old : now colloquial). 
— A large number or quantity: 
also POWERATION. Whence 
POWERFUL, adj. and adv. = ex- 
tremely ; also (quot. 1S47) elo- 

[f]. MS. Cotton^ Vespas. A, xxv. 
Then aune into Inglond Icynse Jamjrs of 
Skotland, with a pouak of men, after 
Alhalow tide. 

X67C Wychkrlbt, Country Wife^ 
ilL a. Lord, what a powbh of brave signs 
are here. 

X74a Richardson, Pamela^ iL 389. 
I am providing a powbs of pretty thmgs 
for her. 

X7». Smollktt, PenpHtu PiekUt 
iL "He has a powkr of money, and 
spends it like a prince." 

>777*. Sheridan, Trij^ to Sear" 
iorougH. iv. z. These lords have a powbr 
of woUtn indeed. 

Z847. Darlbt, Drtuma in PoiervtUet 
94. Mr. Gwie. a 'powerful man,' was 
eiq>ected to make a 'great effort.' 

1848. Burton, Wiaggorittt 23. He 
felt it tickle powerful from the top of his 
head to the end of his stam-fin. 

Z851. Hoopbr, Dick McCoy's 
Skeichss, 36. "Is he lazy much?" 
* Powerful.' 

d!,i869. Carlton, New Ptirchastt "• 
8.^ This piano was sort o' fiddle like, — and 
trith a powerful heap of wire strings. 
Ibid.t 74. Yes, Mr. Speaker, I'd a 
POWERFUL sight sooner go^ into retiracy 
among the red, wild aborigines of our 
wooden country, nor consent to that bilL 

people in it.' 

1876. Clemens, Tom San^^er^ 34. 
Yoa can work when you're a mind, Tom 
. . . But it's POWERFUL seldom you're a 
mind to, I'm bound to say. 

Z893. 7V/-^i/r, x7Sep.,4i9,3. He's 
POWERFUL bad, miss. 

POWO8 (The), subs, (military). — 
The Prince of Wales's Own (West 
Yorkshire Regiment), formerly 
The 14th Foot. Also " The Old 
and Bold"; *« Calvert's Entiiti." 

Pow-WOW, subs. pkr. (American). 
— Noise : hence (political) = a 
noisy meeting, and as verb. = to 
take part in sach : also to frolic 
[From N.A. Indian pow-wow 
= a coancil.] 

1835. Neal, Bro. Fonafkan, iil 37. 
Off she ^oes ; and if all they say's true, 
turned witch herself, an' cussed poor Bet 
with sich a pow-wow. Ibid. (1833). Down 
Easisrst viL Z05. Glancing at the ladies' 
cabin, where a tremendous pow wow bad 
just broken out. Such a screaming of 
mothers ! and such a squadling of babies I 

1885. New York Herald, as June. 
The Know-Nothings were holding their 
grand national pow-wow . . . and laying 
It on thick that "Americans shall rule 

Pox, subs. (old). — Syphilis: some- 
times qualified as Frbnch- 
(Italian-, German-, or In- 
dian-) POX, for which, and other 
synonyms see French-gout and 
Ladies*-fbver. Whence, verb. 
= to syphilize ; and pocky, or 
POCKIFISD (adj\) = syphilized. 
Used vulgarly and popularly as a 
petty oath or common malison 
\e.g.. Pox ! Pox on't I Pox 
TAKE YOU ! What a pox ! With 
A POX ! &c. : see the Elizabethan 
drama passim). Ilence poxtbr 
= a syphilist ; poxopholit = an 
opponent of the Contagious 
Diseases Acts ; poxology = 
the study of siph. {q,v.)i and 
POXOLOGIST = a pox-doctor, a 
siphophil (^.».). — B. E. {c. 
1696) ; Grose (1785). [Origi- 
nally and occasionally as in qnots. 
1594 and 1 63 1, the small-pox ; 
but for some three centuries spe- 
cialized as above.] See HORSB- 




z5aa-3. Skblton, Why C^mtyt not 
to CffurU, ZZ67. Men wene that he 

{Wolsev] is POCKY, Or els his surgions they 
3re. lot J., Balthasor, they helyd Domingo 
. . . From the puskylde pocky nose . . . 
Hath promised to hele our cardinals eye : 
Yet sum^ surgions put a dout, Lest he 
tnll put it clene out, And make him lame 
of his neder limmes. 

1528. Roy, iPtf<£r mr, A*c. [HmrL 
MU, [Pakk], ix. 33]. He [Wolsey] had 
the POCKBS, without layle. Wherefore 
people on hjfm did rayle. 

Z584. [Monday?], WeaiUti to Wall, 
L 9. Thoe Frenchmen's faet hatre a 
POCKT strong scent. 

Z588. LvLY, Endtmhrn, iv. x. A 
POXB of all false proverbs. 

1594. Shakspkarb, Lcv^t Lab, 
Lctt^ V. a. Rot, O that your face were 
not so full of O's i Kaih. A pox of that 
jest i Ibid, (1598), a Hem, IV., L a. A 
man can no more separate age and 
covetousness than a* can part young 
limbs and lechery : but the gout gails the 
one, and the pox pinches the other. . . . 
A POX of this gout I or, a gout of this pox I 
for the one or the other plays the rogue 
with my great toe. Ikid, (1009) Perieus, 
iv. 6. Pond, Now a POX on her green 
sickness for me. Bawd Faith theres no 
way to be rid on't, but by the way to the 


xjroS. Flosio^ WorUU 0/ W&nUs, 
S.V. Varplare, to mfect. or to be infected 
with the poxs. Ibid., Varoh, the grbat 
or Frbnch POXB. Ibid., Varoloso, 
pocxiB, full of the POXB, botches, or blanes. 

1599. T. Hall, Virrid, in. I When 
ech brasse-basen can professe the trade Of 
curing pockib wenches from their paine. 

<599> JoNSON, Ev, Man Out of Hit 
Hutftour, iv. ^ Carlo, Let a man sweat 
once a week m a hot>houae and be well 
rubbed and froted, with a good plump 
juicy wench, and sweet linen, he shall 
ne'er have the pox. Puni. What, the 
Fkbnch poxf Car, The French pox ! 
our POX : we have them in as good a form 
as they- What? Ibid. (i6»). Epigrams, 
xiL ^ But see ! the old bawd nath served 

him in trim, Lent him a pocky whore 

She hath paid him. Ibid.. Undtrwoods, 
Ixii. Pox on thee, Vulcan I thy Pandora's 
POX, And all the ills that flew out of her 
box Light on thee I or if those plagues 
will not do. Thy wife's pox on thee, and 
Bess Brougnton s too. 

1605. Chapman, All Foolt, iil. x. 
Diu I know a doctor of your name, master 
Pock. Po, My name has made many 
doctors, sir. 

i6x^ Wbbstbr, DoviFs Lam Cast, 
U. z. Ari, Incontinence is plagued in all 
the creatures of the world f /«/. When 
did you ever hear that a cock*sparrow 
Had the Frbnch pox. Ibid, ui, 3. The 
scurvy, or the Indian pox, I hope, Will 
take order for their coming back. 

2619. Flbtcmbr, Humortmt Liomt,, 
L a. CeUa. Pox on these bainding drums! 
I'm sore youll kiss me. 

Z63Z. ViASSXHGnt, Em^. of SattfW, 
4. Surg. An excellent receipt ! ... 'tis 
good for ... the gonorrhoea, or, if you 
will hear it In a plainer phrase, the pox. 

</.i63z. Donnb, Lettors [Narbs]. At 
my return from Kent, I found Peggy had 
the POXB— I humbly thank God it oas not 
much disfigured her. 

Z653. Urquhart, Rabelais, i. xlv. 
Let me be peppered with the pox if you 
find not all your wives with child at your 
return ... for the very shadow ... of 
an abbey is firnitfuL 

x66a. Rump Songs, L aS. Pox take 
dem all, it is (Mort-Dieu) Not ^ la mode 
de France. 

z668. Ethbridgb, SAo Would, 6^, 
L z. Sir OUv, Well, a pox op this tying 
men and women together, for better or 
worse. Ibid,, iiL a. Sir J oka, A pox 
UPON these qualms. 

Z675. Wtchbrlbv, Country Wife, 
L X. A POX on't I the jades would jilt 
me. Ibid iL z. Mrs. Pinch, He sajrs 
he won't let me go abroad for fear of 
catching the pox. Alitha, Fy ! The 
small POX, you should say. 

4/.x68a Rochbstbr, Worhs, 63. 
But punk-rid Ratdiffe's not a greater cullv, 
Nor taudry Isham, intimately known To 

all pox'd whores. 

dlx68a BuTLBR, Dildoides, By dildo 
Monsieur sure intends For his Frbnch 
pox to make amends. 

x68a Dorset, Poems, ' On the 
Countess of Dorchester.' Can'st thou for- 

J;et thy age and pox ? Ibid ii686). Faith- 
ul Catalogue, With Face and Cunt all 
martyred with the pox. IHd Thou 
wondrous pocky art, and weodreat poor. 




x85i-6x. Mayhbw, L4mdoH Lab,^ 
liL 1^3. Veal's was the best circus I was 
at ; there they had nz prads and two 

^ 1854. kwi^viOiKTH^ James the Second^ 
L iL It may be, young squire, you'll have 
to go forth afoot, mstead of on your prao. 

1893. Emerson, Signor Lippo^ xvi. 
We moved to some new stables, where 
there was stalls for eight prads, four each 
side, besides a loose box. 

1895. Marriott- Watson, New Re- 
view, July, 9. Creech . . . swerved oat 
of line and ran hb mare full face upon the 
struggling prads. 

Prairie. On the prairib, pAr. 
(Western American). — See quot 

1848. RuxTON, Far Wett^ 187. Pre- 
sented to them ON thb prairie, or "gift- 

Prairie- DEW, ntbs. phr, (Ameri- 
can). — Whiskey : cf, MOUNTAIN- 
DEW (Scots*), 

X848. DuRiVAGE, 5'/r»^5'i^>ci:r, 8x. 

[est fetch on your prary dew for the hull 
ot, and d the expense. 


Prairie-oyster (or -cocktail), 
subs, phr, (American). — A raw 
yolk dropped into spirits, fla- 
voured with Worcester or cay- 
enne, and gulped. 

1898. Sporting Times, 19 Feb., L 5. 
" Take anything V' " Yes, I'll have a 
prairib oyster." "Hedge! hedge!" 
cried the young 'un, " I don't mean lunch 
, , . havea^/rTM^T" 

Prairie-schooner, subs, phr, 
(American). — An emigrant wag- 

1887. Stevens, Around the World 
[S. T. & C.]. Meeting; prairib-schookers 
will now be a daily incident of my East- 
ward journey. 

1888. Daily Inter-Oceas^ 14 April. 
The old prairie-schooner ... is now 
mainly a thing of the past. 

Prairie State, verb, phr, (Ameri- 
can). — Illinois. 

Pram, subs, (vulgar). — ^A perambu- 

T891. Notes d* Queries^ 7 S. xi. X04. 
May we not hope that the odious and 
meaningless vulgsuism of pram, for peram- 
bulator, will be exploded from popular use. 

Prancer, subs, (Old Cant).— i. A 
horse : see Prad ; and (2) a horse- 
thief. Hence prancer*s-nab = 
a horse's head : as a seal to a 
counterfeit pass ; THE sign of 
the prancer = The Nag's 
Head. — Rowlands (1610) ; b!e. 
(f.1696); Hall (1714) ; Grose 

1567. Harman, Cm>eeU (X869X 85. 
A BENE mort hereby at the sign op the 

1 591. Greene, Second Pari Comny^ 
catc/ung [Grosart, fr^i;r. x. 76]. They 
. . . take an especiall ana perfect view 
where Prancbrs or horses be. 

z6a2. Fletcher, Beggar's Bush, v. 
a. Higgen hath prigged the prancbrs in 
his day. 

Z712. The Twenty Craftsmen [Far- 
mer, Afusa Pedestris (1896X 37]. The 
fifteenth a prancer, whose courage is 
small. If they catch him horse-coursing, 
he's nooz'd once for alL 



1740. Oath 0/ Canting Crew [Far- 
R. Afusa Pedestris (1896J, 51]. Prig of 
kler, prig of prancer. 

1834. Ainsworth, * The Game of 
High Toby* [Farmer, Musa Pedestrts 
(1896), 115. His matchless cherry-black 
PRANCER riding. 

1843. Dickens. Martin ChuMzlewit, 
xix. 903. My four long-tailed prancbrs, 
never harnessed under ten pound ten ! 

1852. TuDSON, Mysteries 0/ New 
Yorh. iv. I prigged two prancbrs and 
sold em. 

3. (old). — A dancer: also as 
z;^^. z= to dance. Also franker. 

x69T. Burton, Anai, Melat$,, iil tL 
If she be a noted reveller, a gadder, a 
singer, a pranker or dancer, then take 
heed of her. 

4. (military).— A cavalry officer. 


283 Pray-pray Fashion, 

me into these perils. Ibid. (x6o9X OikelU^ 
L z, a6. Mere prattlb without practice 
Is all his soldiership. IHd. (1606) Macbeth, 
iv. a, 64. Poor prattlkr, how thon 

d.i6a6. Brbton, Mottut^t BUsstng^ 
Ixxiv. A PRATTLK-BASKBT OT an idle slut. 

1636. Hbywood , Lev^s Mittrus, 96. 
Prince of passions, prats-apacxs, and 
pickl'd lovers . . . admiralof av-mesi and 
monsieur of mutton lac'd. ibid, (Z637X 
Royall King, Sig. B. You prittlb and 
PRATTLB nothing but leasings and un- 

1638. Ford, Lad^^t Trial, I. a. 
Now we PRATTLB of handsome gentlemen. 

1659. Bramhall, Church of Eng- 
Umd DefnuUd, 46. It is plain prittlb- 


1673. WYCHBRLBV,(7m//rMM»/>4MC- 

tag Matter, iL^ a. Y*fackins but yon 
shant ask him i if you go there too^ look 
you, you prattlb-box you I'll ask hmL 

1693. CoNCRBVB, Old Bachelor, iv. 
9. Nay, now I'm in, I can prattlb like 
a magpie. 

x6o7. VanbrugHj Provohed Wife, 
iL z. By your ladyship's leave we must 
have one moment's prattlb together. 

ZTaa DuRPBY, Pille to Purge, vi 
zx. tier PRiTTLB-PRATTLB, little tattle. 

1735. Bailby, Erasmus (1900), i. 78. 
Don't he a Prittlb prattle, nor Pratb 
APACB, nor be a minding anything but 
what is said to 3roo. 

X7f9. Smollbtt, Gil Bias [Rout- 
lbdge], a6z. These two noblemen . . . 
were lutening "with admiration to his 


X757. [Paltock], Peter IVilkins, i, 
il "The old PRATTLB-Box made a short 
panse to recover breath. 

X783. CowPBR. Task, iL 38a. Fre- 
(^nent in park with lady at his side, Amb- 
ling and PRATTUNC scandal as he goes. 

x8ax. MoNCRlBPP, Tom and Jerry 
[Dick], 5. Jerry. Chaffing crib I I'm at 
fault, cos, can't follow. Tom. My pratt- 
ling PARLOUR — my head quauters, cos, 
where I unbend wiui my pals. 

x8i6. The Thieves* Chaunt [Far- 
MKR, Musa Pedestris (1Z9S), xai.] She's 
wide-awake, and her prating chbat, For 
hnmming a cove was never beat. 

PRAYER, suis, — Common colloquial 
expressions are : To say praybrs 
=s to stumble : of horses : cf. 
Devotional habits ; to say 
PRAYERS backwards s to blas- 
pheme (Ray); to pray with 


copulate : of women ; AT HER 
LAST PRAYERS = of an old maid 
(Ray) ; prayer -bones = the 

x7o6. Ward, JVoodon World, ^, 
All the Ship's Company daily pray k»' 
him, but they pray as they row, back- 

XTas. BAiLBTp Erasmus (X900), L 73. 
Ea, Sirrah ! did I not hear yoa mutter f 
Sy. I was saying my Prayers. Ea, Ay, 
I believe so, but it was thb Lord's- 
Prayb^ backwards then. 

Prayer-book, subs, phr. (gaming). 
— I. A pack of caitls. 

2. (nautical). — A small holy- 
stone ; a BIU.B (^.v.). — Clark 
Russell (1083). 

x84a Dana, B^ore the Mast, xxiiL 

Smaller hand-stones, which the sailors call 

PRAYBR-BOOKS, are used to scrub in among 

the crevices and narrow places, where the 

arge holystone will not go. 

See Post-office 



Prayer-book Parade, subs, phr, 
(common). — A promenade in 
£Eishionable places of resort, after 
morning service on Sundays. 

Prayer- POWDER, subs, phr, 
(American). — Su quot. 

x8a5. Nbal, Bro. Jonathan, il xtv. 
With a silver bullet— a leaf o' the Bible for 
wadding — and a charge of praybr-powobr 
— powder, over every 365 grains of which 
the Lord's prayer has beoi said. 

(old). — Imploringly. 

X753. Richardson, Grandison, iL 
X83. * tray, sir, forgive me ;' and she neld 
up her hands pray-pray fusion thus. 




x88z. Black, Bumti/itl Wrtteh, 
xix. ' She might as well try to leave on 
her afiectatioDS as her clothes. She 
coaldn't go about without any.' ' She goes 
about with prbcious little,' said Mr. Tool 

Precisian, subs, (old : now recog- 
nised). — A stickler : spec. (17m 
century) = a Puritan {g.v,) in 
depreciation : also as adf, = 
panctillioos, rigidly exact — d, E. 
\c, 1696). 

Z596. JONSON, Ev, Man in his 
HumoHr^ lit. a. He's no rRBCisiAN, that 
I'm certain of. 

1607. DsKKEK, ff^/uMm/Z/'M, L a. 
We have the finest schoolmaster, a kind of 
Prbcisian, and yet an honest knave toa 

1615. Harington, E^ijgrams^ j. ao* 
The man, affrighted at tnis appstrition. 
Upon recovery grew a great prbcisian. 

i6ia. Drayton, PolyoVnon^ vi. 301. 
These men . . . like our prbcisians be. 
Who for some Cross or Saint they in the 
window see Will pluck down all the 

16x4. Tim^t WhistU [R. R. T. S.], 
la Hypocriticall precisians, By vulgar 
phrase entitled Puritanes. 

1619. ^ Flbtchbr, Custom 0/ the 
Country ^ iv. i. He was of Italy, and 
that country breeds not Prxosians that 
way, but hot libertines. 

1635. Massincbr, Nlsuf IVay. L x. 
Verity, you brach. The devil tum'd pre- 

x6a8. Earlb, Miero-casmc^t 9* His 
fashion and demure Habit gets him in with 
some Town-PRBCisiAN, and males him a 
Guest on Fryday nights. 

d.i6sp. Rev. T. Adams, IVorhSf 11. 
465. If a man be a Herod within and a 
John without, a wicked politician in a ruff 
of pRsasiAN set, God can distinguish him. 

1694. GiLDON, Mis, Let. a$ul Essays, 
Pref. I hope too the graver gentlemen, 
the precisians will not be scandalix'd at 
my zeal for the promotion of poetry. 

xSaz. Scott, JCenilworth, iL Tony 
married a pure precisian ... as bitter a 
precisian as ever eat flesh in Lent, and a 
cat«and-dog life she led. 

x8aa. Byron, Vision of Judgment. 
Of, As Wellborn lays— ' the devil tum'd 


^ X864. Alpord, Queen's Eng'/ish^ 78. 
This prtmunciation in the mouth of an 
affected precisian is offensive. 

^ x888. Stevenson, Inland Voyage, 
Epilogue. He is no precisian in attire. 

Freeze, verb, (provincial). — To 
urinate ; TO Piss {q,v,). 

Premises, subs, (venery). — The 
female pudendum; cf, Lodgbr 
and Lodgings to lbt : see 

Presbyter ESS, subs, (old collo- 
quial). — See quoL 

</.i563. Bale, English Votttries, i. 
Marianus sayth she was a presbyteressb, 
or a priestes leman. 

PRESBYTERIAN, adj. (old). —An 
epithet of ridicule or contempt. 

x6[?]. Broadside Ballad [Title]. A 
Presbyterian trick. 

X706. Ward, Hudibras Reditmms, 
V. a6. But, Lord, I pray thee, by the bye. 
Look down and cast a jealous Eye Upon 
our cunning Elder Brethren, Call'd by the 
name of Presbyterian. 

X72a. Bridges, Burlesque Homer. 
1x7. For the right Presbyterian breed 
Always coin pray'rs in time of need. 

X847. Halliwell, Archaic Words 
and Phrases, s.v. Presbyterian-trick. 
A dishonest bargain ; a knavish trick. 

Prescott, subs, (rhyming). — A 
waistcoat : also Charley Pres- 

Present, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 
white SDOt on the finger nail : 
supposea to augur good fortune. 

2. (common). — A baby. 

X7^9. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledceI 13. Three months after marriase 
... as ... I had no particular wish for 
the PRESENT my wife was likely to make 
me, I joined issue with some desperate 









x8oa. AnstkV, *^0Cis Po^lL ' 
the MiUtary Tournag\ent,' 07. Cost 
PRETTY SIGHT o the ^eople S MONBY. 

1899. Whitbimc, John St, ix. 
Pretty child you must ha' been . . . 
Oh my! Hid. Was you knocked about 
much when you was a young^ 'un ? Pretty 
tidy, only 1 alwiz stepped it when it got 
too ^ot. 

To DO THE (or talk) pretty, 
verd. phr, (colloquial). — To affect 
amiability or obseqaioasness. 

Z89Z. J. Newman, Scamping Tricks, 
3. We can talk pretty to each other. 
Ibid,, 46. I saw they were started on the 
road of mutual admiration, and travelling 
PRETTY, and that be meant calling again. 

190a. Fret La$tce, 5 April, 8, 2. 
They must be spoken pretty to, care^eed, 
humoured, coaxed. 

See also Way and Horse- 

Pretty- (or merry-) dancers, 
subs, phr, (Scots'). — The Aurora 

Pretty-pretty, subs, (common). — 
I. A knick-knack; and (2) su 

1887-9. Trollop*, What I Remnn- 
btr, 31. My mother . . . had contrived 
to keep a certain number of pretty- 
pretties which were dear to her heart. 

Previous, adv, (colloquial). — Ste 
quot. 1885. 

1885. Z?. TeUgra^h, 14 Dec " He 
is a little before his time, a tnfle previous, 
as the Americans say, but so are all 

189a Pall Matt Com. , 33 June, 4, 3. 
Next year his term of service expires, and 
then we shall both be . . . But to state 
that now is what the Americans would call 
a little previous. Ibid. (1901), 10 Ap., x, 
X, So there it is — an object-lesson in the 
inadvtsability of the too previous. 

Prey, suds, (old).— Money.— B. E. 
{c, 1696). 

Prial, subs, (old gaming). — Three 
cards of a sort (at commerce, 
cribbage, &c.): Double- prial 
= four of a kind : whence also, 
of persons and things. [A cor- 
ruption of pair-royal : in quot. 
1608 is seen a step towards prial, 
whilst in quot. 1680 ' pair-rojral ' 
rhymes with * trial.'] 

z6o8. Day. Humour out of Breath, 
sig. Ca. Ft. why two fooles? Fr. Is it 
not past two, doth it not come neere three, 
sister [meaning, to call her one]. Pa, 
Shew PBRRVALL and take it. 

a. 1680. Butler, Ballad on ParL But 
when they came to trial^ Each one prov'd 
a fool. Yet three knaves m the whole, And 
that made up a pair-royal. 

PRiAP(or Priapus), subs, (venery). 
— I. The penis: see Prick ; (2) 
= a DILDO {g,v,) ; and (3) = a 

1672. Butler, Dildoidts, Who 
envying their curious frame Expos'd their 
Priaps to the flame. Ibid. PriapUs thus, 
in Box opprest, Burnt like a Phcenix in his 

d 1680. Rochester [ Works (17x8), 87]. 
Saving if one priapus I could shew. One 
holy relic of kind pearly dew. Ibid, 
Priapus squeezed, one Snowball did emit. 

x6o3. Dryden, Juvenal (1709), 1x4, 
Seen from afar and fiunous for his ware, 
He struts into the bath among the fair ; 
Th' admiring crew to their devotion (all ; 
And, kneeling, on their new Priapus calL 

Price, verb, (colloquial). — To en- 
quire the cost of. 

1837. Barham, Ingoldsby Legends, 
n. 961. If you priced such a one in a 
drawing-room here, And was asked fifty 
pounds. You'd not say it was dear. 

X886-96. Marshall, ^ Pomes* from 
the Pink 'Un [' The Age of Love'], 26. 
They priced him at fifty to one. 

What price ? phr, (rac- 
ing and common). — How*s that ? 
\^^t do you think ? How much ? 
What odds? 

1893. Emerson. Signor Li^, ziv. 
What PRICE you, wnen you feU off the 




dum) ; gardener ; gaying-instru- 
ment (&rosb) ; gear (Shak- 
SPBARB.FLORIO, Burns); genera- 
tion-tool (C. Johnson, Urqu- 
hart) ; p;entle - tittler (Urqu- 
hart) ; girl-catcher ; gblometer ; 
goat ; gooser ; goose's - neck ; 
gravy-maker ; gristle (Clbl- 
land) ; gully-raker ; gut-sdck. 

Hair -divider ; hair- splitter ; 
handstaff ; hanging- Johnny ; hard- 
bit ( = the penis in erection) ; 
hermit ; hunter. 

Intercmral - pudding (Urqu- 
HART); Irish-root; It (generic). 

Jack (an erection) ; Jack-in-the- 
box ; Jack Robinson ; Jacob ; 
jargonelle ; Jezabel ; jigger ; 
jige;ling-bone (Irish) ; Jock {q.v.) ; 
jixkam (Old Cant) ; John 
Thomas; jolly -member (Urqu- 
hart) ; Julius Caesar. 

Kennel - raker ; key ; king- 
member ; kit ( = penis and testes) ; 
knack (Flbtchbr); knocker. 

Ladies' -delight; ladies'-play- 
thing ; ladies'-treasure ; lady- ware 
( = penis and testes) ; lamp-of-life ; 
lance-of-love ; Langolee (Irish) ; 
leather-dresser ; leather-stretcher; 
life - preserver ; lingam ; little- 
Davy (Scots') ; liver-turner ; live- 
sausage (Urquhart) ; lobster ; 
lodger ; lollipop ; love-dart ; 
love's-picklock ; luggage ( =penis 
and testes) ; lullaby. 

Machine ; man -root (Whit- 
man) ; man-Thomas ; marrow- 
bone ; marrowbone-and-cleaver ; 
Master John Goodfellow fU RQU- 
HART); Master John Thursday 
(Urquhart) ; master- member 
(Clblland) ; master of the 
ceremonies ; Master Revnard ; 
meat (generic) ; meat-skewer ; 

member (conventional) ; member- 
for-Cockshire ; mentule ; merry- 
maker ; merry-man ; middle ; 
middle-leg ; milkman ; mole ; 
mouse ; mowdiwart (Scots'). 

Nag ; nakedness ; nature's - 
scythe ; Nebuchadnezzar (^cf. 
Grbbns) ; needle (Dorset) ; 
nervous cane (Urquhart); nil- 
nisitando (Urquhart); Nimrod ; 
nocker (or nine-inch-nocker, 
Urquhart) ; nippy. 

Old- Adam ; old man ; old- 
Slimy; old Rowley. 

Partner ; peacemaker ; pecker ; 
pecnoster ; pee-wee ; pego (A. 
Kadcliffb) ; pendulum ; pestle ; 
peter; phallus; picklock (Clbl- 
land) ; pike (Shakspbare) ; 
pike-staff ; pile-driver ; pilgrim's- 
staff ; pillicock (Shakspbare, 
Florio, Durfby) ; pillock 
(Lyndsay); pin; pintle (Florio, 
Burns, Dorset, Morris) ; 
pioneer-of-nature ; pisser ; pistol ; 
pizzle ; placket-racket (Urqu- 
hart) ; plenipo ; ploughshare ; 
plug (Burns) ; plug-tail (Grose); 
r-maker ; pointer ; Polyphemus ; 
pond-snipe (Whitman) ; pony ; 
poperine-pear (Shakspbare) ; 
pnap ; priapus (Rochester) ; 
prick (Shakspbare, Fletcher 
et passim) ; prickle (Fletcher, 
Clelland, R. Burton); private- 
property ( = penis and testes) ; 
privates ( = penis and testes) ; 
privities; pnvy-member (Bibli- 
cal); pudding (Durfby). 

Quarter-master ; quim-stake ; 
quickening-peg (Urquhart). 

Radish ; ramrod ; ranger ; raw- 
meat ; rector - of -the - females 
(Rochester) ; rod ; Robin 
(Gascoigne) ; Roger ; rolling- 
pin ; root ; rubigo ; rudder ; 
ruffian ; rump-splitter. 




kic (Rabblais) ; kistoire (Rabb- 
LAIS) ; hochtt (= TOY \,q.v,'\ : also 
hochet de Vinus), 

II (= IT) ; incowoMeni; in- 
strument (Rabblais : also in- 
strument de musique). 

Jacquemard (Rabblais) ; /ac- 
ques (Rabblais : also Jacquot) ; 
jambe (Rabelais) ; jambot (Vil- 
lon) ; Jean Chouart ; Jecaijeudi 
(Rabblais) ; joie ; joujou ;joyau 
(also = female Pudendum), 

Kapros (Rabblais). 

Laboureur (RABBLAIS : also 
laboreur de nature: cf. Naturb's 
Workshop = the female puden- 
dum) ; laeet; ianee ( = lancb-of- 
LOVE : also ianee h deux bouiets 
and lance gaie : Rabblais) ; 
lancette ; lard; lavette ; le (cf. la 
= female pudendum) ; limace ; 
lingot ct amour (Rabblais) ; Ion- 
gon (Rabblais); lourdois (Old 

Machin (la Fontainb) ; Ma- 
homet ; petite majestd (Rabb- 
lais) ; manche (= BROOM- HAN- 
DLE : also manche de gigot : 
Rabblais) ; marque de la vats- 
selle (Rabblais); mdt ; miche ; 
membre (Rabblais : also membre 
viril) ; mentule (Rabelais) ; 
mirliton (Rabblais) ; misire ; 
mistigouri (Rabblais) ; moignon; 
meineau (also meineau de Lesbie : 
Rabblais) ; Monsieur le Fits ; 
Monsieur la Pine ; moreeau 
Rabelais : also morceaux hon- 
teux ; moule; muscle; mutinum 
(Rabelais) ; muto (Rabblais). 

Nature de Phomme ; navette 
«^^( Rabelais : also nerf caver 
neux) ; nerzws (Rabelais) ; nez 
nHmporte quoi (= Thingum 
BOB) ; niphleseth (Rabelais 
from the Heb.) ; noctuinus (Rabe 
LAIS) ; netud ( = penis and testes) 

ObiUsque; objet (= thing); 
oiseau (Rabblais) ; ontieme doigt 
{cf, middle-leg) ; organe ; es 
d moelU ( = marrow - bone) ; 
outil ( = TOOL : also outU pria- 
pesque, outil d /aire la peaafreU^ 
and outil d /aire la belle joie : 
Rabblais) ; ouvrier de nature. 

Pacquet de mariage {=penis 
and testes : 2^so pacquet d^ amour : 
KKBB.lJLis);pa/;paille;pcan {cL 
devorant = female pudendum. = 
Dumb glutton) ; palette; falus 
(Rabblais) ; partie (also, in pL 
parties casuelles^ and pcirties hon- 
teuses =: the penis and testes) ; 
Pascal ; pasnaise (O. Fr.) ; 
pastenade (O. Fr.) ; pdte ; 
pcuevre cas (Rabelais) ; pauvre 
marchandise (Rabelais) ; pau- 
vreti (Rabblais) ; pauvre petit ; 
pcudllus (Rabelais); peculium 
(Rabblais) ; peUe (cf. prick- 
skinner) ; penart (Rabblais) ; 
pendeloche (Rabblais) ; penis 
(Rabblais) ; perchaut ; Perrin- 
boute-avant (Rabblais) ; perro- 
quet (Rabblais) ; persuasi/ 
(Rabblais) ; /^x/^/ (Rabblais); 
petit {c/ grand = female pu- 
dendum) ; petit pauvre (also petit 
bonhomme, petit caporal \c/ Dr. 
Johnson and Julius (^ar], 
petit jeune homme, and petit 
bout) ; petUe/liUe ; petit /rh-e \c/ 
Schwesterlbin = female puden- 
dum) ; petit voltigeur ; phalle 
(Rabelais) ; pible (nautical : 
Rabelais : also pibol) ; piche; 
pQce (Rabelais : also pQce de 
gindration and piice du milieu) ; 
pied de roi ; pierre h casser 
les ctu/s (Rabelais : also pierre 
de louche) ; pieu ; pignon (Rabb- 
lais) ; pilon ( = pestle : Rabe- 
lais) ; pilum (Rabelais : classi- 
cal); pine (= PRICK: Rabb- 
LAIS, &c.) ; pinette{= prickle : 
alsopinoche) ; pique (Rabelais) ; 




pis (Rabelais); pissd (Rabe- 
lais :/«w/^f»=f. p.) » pistolan- 
dier; pistoUt ; piston; pivot; 
plume chamelle ; poigtMrd ; 
poin^on (RABELAIS = PUNCH) ; 
poinil {9i\so poinilU) ; pointe (la 
Fontaine); poireau ; poisson; 
polUhirulle ; ponimeau ; pompe 
aspirante (also pompe foulante) ; 
pomus (Rabelais) ; potence 
(Rabelais); pouiain; poupig- 
non ; poussouer (Rabelais) ; 
pricurseur ; premier rdle ; Pruipe 
(Rabelais, &c) ; proportion ; 
provision ; Pyramide, 

Quelque chose de chaud (also 
quelque chose de court = some- 

short) ; uenouilU (Rabelais) ; 
quiquette ; queue (Rabelais = 
tail) ; quilte (Rabelais). 

Jiacine{= root) ; racHs (rcuiis 
noir = negro's penis) ; raquette ; 
i^(also raton); r^tique (Beran- 
ger) ; rhte; rien; robinet de Fdme 
(Rabelais) ; roide ; rossignol 
(LA Fontaine) ; rubens ; rudis- 

Sacrement (Bbranger) ; Saint- 
Agathon; Saint- Esprit de la cu- 
lotte ; Saint-Pierre ; salsifis ; 
sangsue ; sannion (Rabelais : 
from the Gr.) ; sansonnel; sou- 
cisse (= LIVE sausage : also 
saucisson) ; scapus (Rabelais) ; 
sceptre ; schtiv (sch + anagram of 
vit) ; sentinelle; serin; serin^ue 
(also seringue ^ peruque^ and 
seringue hpoilx Rabelais) ; sexe 
(Rabelais) ; sifflet ; simulacre 
ct amour ; sixi^me sens ; Soulier; 
sous-prifet ; sucred^orge, 

Taurus (Rabelais) ; tdtin 
[Rabelais] ; thermomitre ; timon 
(LA Fontaine) ; tirUberly ; trv 
(anagram of vit) ; torche ; toton ; 
totoquini (Rabelais) ; louche 
d^alemant; trabes (Rabelais); 

train; trait; trihans (Rabe- 
lais); trdpignoir ; triquebille ; 
troisiime jambe (cf, middle- leg); 
truelle; tube; turluiutu, 

Utensile (Rabelais). 

Vilu ; verge ( = yard : Rabe- 
lais : also verge de saint Benbit) ; 
verpe (Rabelais) ; veretillt 
(Rabelais); v^r.^/r/ (Rabelais); 
viande de devant (also viande 
crue) ; vibrequin ; vifon (Rabe- 
lais) ; tfiolon ; vireton (Rabe- 
lais) ; virgule (Rabelais) ; 
virolet (O. Fr.) ; vit { =^ 
prick) ; vitault (Rabelais) ; 
vivandierde nature (Rabelais). 

T^bre; xist. 

German synonyms. — Bletzer 
( = wedge) ; Breslauer (Viennese) ; 
Bruder {if, Schwesterlein = little 
sister = female pudendum) ; But- 
selmann ; Fiesel ; Dickmann ; 
Pinke ; Schmeichaz ; Schwanz. 

Italian synonyms. — Angui- 
sigpla (Florio = needle) ; bar^ 
bagianni; bestia (Florio); ccuzo ; 
coda ( = tail) ; cotcUe (Florio) ; 
cucitusa (Florio) ; destriere^ or 
destriero (Florio) dolcemelle 
(Florio) ; erpice (Florio, * a 
barow to breake clods of earth *) ; 
facende (Florio) ; grignappola 
(Florio) ; mentole (Florio) ; 
natura (Florio) ; naturale (Flo- 
rio) ; nervo (Florio) ; occhello; 
pastincLca (Florio : *pastincua 
muranese^ a dildoe of glasse ') ; 
pastorale ; pestello (Florio : • a 
pestle *) ; pinchino ; pinco (Flo- 
rio) ; pina (Florio : cf, Fr. 
pine); rilla (Florio); robinetto 
(Florio : * a little mbie . . . also 
a dildoe ') ; rozzone (Florio) ; 
San Cresci-in-Mano (Florio : 
' because it grows in one*s hand '); 
San Giovanni bocco cForo(¥u>Klo) ; 
tempella (Florio : ' a great swag. 




z6ia. Dbkkbr, O ^trte O [Fak- 
MBR, Musa Pedesiris (X896X zx]. And 
PRIG and cloy so benshiply, All tEe dewaea- 
vile within. 

z6a3. Flbtchbr, Beggat^s Bush^ v. 
a.^ Higgen hath prigged ue prancen in 
his days. 

[?]. Drant, Horaa^ 'To Julins 
Florus.' A pridgrman from him pryuillie 
his money did purloyne. 

17x3. Smirlry, Triumph of Wii^ 
* The Black Procession.' The nueteenth's 
a PRiGGER OP CACKLBRS who harms, The 
poor country higlers, and plunders the 

1734. J. Harpbr, 'Frisky Moll's 
Song in Harlequin Jack Sk*ppa$^, 
From PRIGGS that snxdSle the prancers 

X743. FiBLDING, /. Wild (X893). »7« 
The PRIG ... the vulgar name for thief. 
IhitL^ a8. An undeniable testimony of the 
great antiquity of PRiGGiSM. IbuL With- 
out honour priggery was at an end. 

X749. GoADBY, BamfyUU Moert- 
Cmrwf, ' Oath of Canting Crew.' Prig of 
cackler, prig of prancer. 

X77a. Bridges, Burlisoue Homgr^ 
x6a A staring, gaping, hair-orain'd prig, 
Came up to steal nis hat and wig. 

X789. Parker, Lif^t Painter^ 158. 
In order to give them an opportunity of 
working upon the prig and dus, that is, 
picking of pockets. 

zSax. Bgan, Lift in LentUm^ 11. iii. 
Cadgers ; . . . fish>fiiigs ; . . . and the 
PRIGS, spending the produce of the day ; 
and ail . . . happy and comfortable. 

x8a^. Lytton, Ptlham^ Ixxx. Well, 
^rou parish-bnll prig^ are you for lushing 
jackey, or pattering in the iium box f 

i8a8-9. H. T. R., Vidoaft Mtmoirst 
Tr. of UnTour a la Croix Rouge. When 
twelve belu chimed, the prigs returned. 

1839. Maginn, The Pickpocket t 
Chaunt^ L As from ken to ken I was 
going. Doing a bit on the prigging lay. 

1834. AiNSWORTH, Jack Skeppard 
(1889), ao. I'll give him the cdication of a 
PRIG — teach him the use of his forks . . . 
make him ... as clever a cracksman as 
his father. 

ZS38. Dickens, Oliver Twisty xviii. 


up. ' It's a th — ; you re one, are you not P 
inquired Oliver, checking himaelr. 

184a Barhaii, lugoUMy Legends, 
*Jackaaiw qf Rheims* They can^t find 
the ring I And tlM Abbot declared that, 
" when nobody twigg'd it, Some rascal or 
other had popp'd in, and prigg'd it ! " 

X84Z. Hewlett, Peter Pricgins 

1850. Thackeray, Policemmn X 
[Misc. (X899), ax^]. Prigs their shirts and 
umbrellers. Prigs their boots and 'ats and 

X85X. Borrow, Lavengro, xxzL We 
never calls them thieves here, but prigs 
and fakers. 

1864. Glasgow Daily Mail, 9 May. 
All kinds of cheats, and thimble-riggers, 
and prigs. 

X870. London Figaro,^ 19 Feb. They 
came and prigg'd my stockings, my linen, 
and my store ; But tney couldn't prig my 
sermons, for they were prigg'd before. 

Z89Z. Clark Russell, Ocean 
Tiragedy, 87. She prigged the furniture. 

2. (old coUoqnial). — A superior 
person, t.^., a person esteeming 
nimself superior; in dress, morals, 
social standing, anything; and 
behaving as such. [The conno- 
tation is one of deliberate and 
aggressive superiority : you must 
get that, or you get no prig : 
see quot. 1836.] Also a bore. 
Whence prigdom, priggbry, 


B. E. (r.1696); Dyche (1748); 
Gross (1785). 

1676. Ethbrige, Man of Mode, iiL 
3. What spruce prig is that ? 

x686. Dorset, Faithful Catalogue, 
Her Court (the Gods be prais'd) has long 
been free From Irish Priggs, and such 
dull Sots as he. 

x688. Shadwbll. Sq. of Alsatia, L 
Thou shalt shine, and be as gay as any 
spruce PRIGG that ever walked the street. 
iHd, If you meet either your father, or 
brother, or any from those prigsters, 
stick up thy countenance. 

X695. CoNGREVE. Love for Leve, v. 
What does the old prig mean ? I'll banter 
him, and laugh at him. 

C.X607. Tom Brown, Satire on the 
French King [ Works (17x5), i. 66. Thou 
that hast look'd so fierce, and taUc'd so 




1633. Webstbr, Devttx Laim-Cast^ 
t. 9. The wafer>woinan that prigs abroad 
With musk>melons and malakatoones. 

1765. Rutherford, Lgtters^ ix, xx. 
The frank buyer — cometh near to what the 
seller seeketh, useth at last to refer the 
difference to his will, and so cntteth off the 
course of mutual prigging. 

<£i796. Burns, Brigp of Ayr^ New 
Brig. Men wha grew wise pricgin* owre 
hops an' raisins. 

x8oo. Ramsay, Poems^ L 439. In 
comes a customer, looks big. Looks 
generous, and scorns to prig. 

1818. Scott, Heart (ff Midlothian^ 
xxiv. Took the pains to prigg for her 

PRIQ-8TAR, subs, phr. (old). — I. 
See Prig, subs, i. 

2. (old). — *A rival in love.' — 
B. E. (r.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

1795. New Canting Dictionary^ 
*When my Dimber Dell I Courted,' li. 
Her glaziers too are quite benighted Nor 
can any prig-star charm. 

Prim, subs, (old). — i. A wanton : 
see Tart. 

1509. BARCLAY} Skip of Fooles 
(fAMiEsoN (1874). 1. 950L [Kington 
Oliphakt (i. 379): *The French had a 
phrase ckeveux primes^ delicate hair \ a 
PRYMB means a paramour : our adjective 
prim has now a very different sense ; but 
we still Ulk of tiprinu cut.'] 

r.x59a Mayd Emlyn [Hazlitt, Pop. 
Poet, iv. 84]. The yonge lusty prymmb 
She coude byte and whyne . . . And with 
a prety gynne Gyue her husbande an 

1548. Barclay, Pyfte Eclog. 
[Narks]. Aboute all London there was 
no propre prvm. But long t]rme had ben 
famylyer with hym. 

2. (old). — *A very neat or 
affected person.*— B. K. (r.1696). 

Primc, adj. (venery).— Sexually 
excited ; proud (^.». Pride).— 
Gross (1785). 

x6o9. Shakspbarb, Othello, iiL 3. 
Were they as primb as goats, as hot as 
m<mkeys, as salt u wolves in pride. 

2. (colloquial). — (l) Eager; 
more than ready. Whence (2) = 
of the first quality (esp. butchers' : 
as in PRIME joints, prime Ameri- 
can, &c.) ; bang-up {q.v.), — 
Grose (1785). Hence, verb. = 
to fortify, to invigorate, to inspire, 
bring to the heignt of a situation : 
ivith liquor, information, counsel. 

x6^7. JoNSON, Sad Shepherd, i. ii. 
Rob. Had you good sport i jrour chase 
to>day f John. O prime ! 

18x9. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. . . . 
Any person who is found an easy dupe to 
the clesigns of the family is said to be a 
PRIMB flat. 

X815. MooRB, Tom Crib to Big Ben 
{Works (1854), 401]. Having conquered 
the primb one that milled us all round. 
Ibid. (18x0), Tom Crib's Memorial . . . 
What madness could impel So rum a Flat 
to face so prime a Swell. /6id. (183 [?]), 
Grand Dinner, Sh:. [Works (1854), 575]. 
Joints of poetry— all of the primb. 

x82X. E^;an, Li/e in London, 11. ii. 
Tom and Jerry have just dropped in, . . . 
quite PRIME for a lark. 

1883. Hints /or Oxford, 73, ^ They 
[young Oxonians] for a determination 
when they sit down to table to have a row 
as soon as they are primed, and often 
before they rise they commence the work 
of destruction on glasses and plates and 

1893. BvRON, Don Juan, xi. X9. So 
PRIME, so swell, so nutty, and «o knowing. 

X827. TjVTTON, /VM«m, LxxxiiL You 
are going to stall off the I^w's baby in 


x8^6. DiciCBNS, Pickwick, xxx. 
Capital I said Mr. Benjamin Allen. Primb t 
ejaculated Mr. Bob Sawyer. 

18^7. Barham. Ingoldsby Legends, 
ii. 8. Your thorough French Courtier . . . 
thinks it's prime fun to astonish a dtizen. 

X854. Whvtb Mblvillb, General 
Bounce, viiL Primed with such sage 
counsel, his lordship determined to lose no 
time in "opening the trenches." Ibid., 
xiL A fat httle man, primed with port. 

c.x88d. Music Hall Song * They're 
all very Fine and Large.' They're all 
very fine and large, they're all very fresh 
and prime. 





x69a DuRFBY, Collins Walk. i. My 
behaviour may not voice With toe nice 
PRiNCUMs of that folk. 

C.X696. B. B^ Diet, Cant, Crew^ s.v. 
Prinking . . . Prinkt-uf, set up on the 
Cupboards>head in their best Cloatbs, or 
in State, Stiff-starched. Mistress Prin- 
cum-Prancum, such a one. 

»753« Jank Collier. Art of Tor- 
menting \Ency. Diet.}. "She vras every 
day longer prinking in the glass than you 

x8ao. Scott, Montutery^ xxiv. Ay, 
prune thy feathers, and frink thyself gay. 

Print. In print, adv» phr, (col- 
loquial). — Exactly in order. Out 
OF PRINT = disordered ; tambled. 
Quits in print = formal and 
precise : su Talk. — Gross 


x6ax. Burton, Anat, Melon, ^ 539. 
He must speak in print, walk in print, 
eat and dnnk in print. 

1695. JoNSOK, StapU of News ^ t. x. 
P, Jun, Fiu my ruff well? Lin. In 


X85X. Notes and Queries ^ x S. iv. X2. 
Take care. Sir, jrou'll put your hair out 


Printer's-devil. See Dsvil, 
subs,, sense 2. 

Printcd-charactcr, subs, phr, 
(common). — A pawn-ticket; a 


Prioress. See Bsttsr Horss. 

PrISCIAN*S - HSAD, CWI*. phr, 

(literary). — ^To use bad grammar. 
[Lat. diminuire Prisciam caput. 
Prisdan a fsunoas grammarian of 
the 5th century.]— Grose (1785). 

x5a7-37. Ellis, OHf, Letters , , . 
[The well-known Father Forrest being un* 
pammatical is said to] brbkb Master 
Prxcybns hedb. 

1664. BuTLBR, Hudihras^ il !i. 1x9. 
And hold no sin so deeply red As that of 
breaking Priscian's head. 

X7a8. Pope, Dunciad^ iiL x6x. Some, 
free from rhyme or reason, rule or check. 
Break Priscian's head, and Pegasus's 

x8xo. Byron KLi/e^ * To Moore ']. 
Also if tnere be any further breaking of 
Priscian's head, will you supply the 



See Prating- 

Privates, subs, (conventional). — 
The organs of generation, male 
or female. Also privity (of 
women), privities, and privy 
MEMBER. Analogous terms 
(venery) are Private property 
= (i) penis, and (2) the female 
pudendum ; privy- hole (-coun- 
cil or -PARADISE, or privy) = 
the female pudendum, 

X598. Florio, Worlde of Wordes, 
8.V. Capocchio. A woman's privitie. 

x6ao. Percy, Folio MS.^ ' Fryar and 
Bove.' The thornes this while were rough 
and thicke, and did his privy members 

X678. Cotton, yirjril Travestie 
[Works (17. .), aij. When on Grounsel 
He firkt her Mother's Privy-counsel. 

To PRIVATE STITCH, verb. phr, 
(tailors'). — ^To conceal the t^ead 
in stitching. 

Private- BUSINESS, subs, phr, 
(Eton). — Extra work done with 
a tutor. 

Privy, subs, (colloquial). — ^An oat- 
door cesspool. 

x6^7. Fletcher, Nobis Gent.^ v. x. 
Lay all night for fear of puirsuivants In 
Burgundy privy-house. 

x66a. Rump Songs^ L X04. I hid 
myself i' the Privy. 

X746. T. Warton, Prog, of Dis- 
content, This awkward hut, o'ergrown 
with ivy. We'll alter to a modem privy. 

See Private. 




1655. Fuller, Ch. HUU, v. 290. 
The Abbot also every Saturday waa to 
visit their beds, to see if they had not 
shuffled in some softer matter or porlogned 
some PROGGE for themselves. Ibid. Pan- 
dulf, an lulian and Pope's legate, a 
perfect artist in progginu for money. 

x688. Shadwell, Sq. o/Alsatia^ 11. 
So, here's the prog, here's the dinner 
coming up. 

1730. Swift. Directions to Servants^ 
ii. You can junket together at nights 
upon your own prog, when the rest of the 
house are a-bed. 

X795. Cumberland, /rtv, ii. a. 

{oW. I have not had a belly-full since I 
elong'd to you. You take care there 
shall be no fire in the kitchen, master 
povides no prog upon the shelf, so 
Detween you both I have plenty of nothing 
but cold and hunger. 

x8i8. Moore, Fudgt Family [ Works 
(1854), ^]. There's nothinjs beats feeding. 
And this IS the place for it. Dicky, you 
dog. Of all places on earth— the head* 
quarters of prog. 

1837. Barham, Ingoldsb^ Legends 
(1869), 191. Och ! the Count von Strogo- 
noff, sure he got prog enough. 

Z845. Disraeli, Sj^il^ 111. vii. 
Ayn't you lucky, boys, to have reg'lar 
work luce this, and the best of prog ! 

z87x. Morning Advertisert xi Sep. 
So we 11 cut down their fiill rations, and 
knock off all their grog. Whilst I feast at 
home with sleek Toro mayors on alder- 
manic prog. 

1803. MiLLiKSN, '^rry Ballads^ x8. 
See old miwies with prog-baskets 
prowling about. IbitLi 37. Lots o' prime 
PROG in the bag. 

Verb, (printers'). — To prognos- 

See Prcx;, subs, 

Proqqer (or Proqqins), subs, 
(University). — A proctor : whence 
TO BE PROGGBD = to be proc- 
torised ; and PROGGING = a 
proctorial discipline. 

Prognostic, subs, (literary). — An 
artistic feeder. [Prcx; (q.v,) + 
Gr. gnosis,] 

Project, verb. (American). — To 
play tricks; TO monkey {q,v,), 

1847. Chronicles 0/ Pineville^ z8x. 
I'll blow 'em all to everlastin' thunderation, 
if they come a projectin' about me. 

Prom, subs, (common). — A prome- 
nade concert : cf. Pop. 

X903. Free Lance^ 4^ Jan., 358, x. 
MusicsUly speaking, there is never one of 
the programmes at the Proms, that is 
unworthy of the attendance of the most 
cultured music lover. 

Promoter, stibs, (old). — See qaot. 
1509, and Putter-on. 

1500. Barclay [Jamieson (1874), ii. 
50), Ship 0/ Fools. [Oliphant, New 
English^ L 378. There is the word pro- 
moter used tor a lawyer ; fifty years later 
it was degraded to mean an informer.] 

1563. FoxE, Acts and Monuments 
[Cattley]. [Oliphant, New English^ 
t. 5sa Barclay had used promoter for a 
lawj^er ; Foxe constantly uses the word to 
signify an in/omur^ and this last word is 
also employed.] 

x6o8. Yorkshire Tragedy^ i. a. My 
second son must be a promoter ; and my 
third a thief. 

2. (colloquial). — A fool-catcher. 

PR0M088, verb, (Australian). — To 
talk rubbish ; to play the fool ; 
to gammon \q,v,). 

Promotion. On promotion, 
achf. (common). — I. On approval ; 
(2) unmarried. 

x8^8. Thackeray, Vanity Fair^ 
zliv. 'You want to smoke those filthy 
cigars,' replied Mrs. Rawdon. ' I remem- 
het when you liked 'em, though,' answered 
the husband . . . ' That was when I was 
ON MY PROMOTION, Goosey,' she said. 

Prompter, subs, (Merchant Tay- 
lore* School). — One of the second 

Proof, subs, (University). — The 
best ale at Magdalen, Oxford. 




1600. Shakspbark, Much Ade^ iv. x. 
Talk iinth a man oat at a window I A 
PROPBS sa^ng 1 

1664. Pbpvs, Diary ^ 9^ June. I was 
PROPBRLV confounded. Itnd,^ 14 July. 
All . . . was most properly false, and 
nothing like it true. 

1843-4. Haliburton, Attacfut xxvi. 
Father . . . gave me a wipe . . . that 
knocked me over and hurt me properly. 

iferb, phr, (colloquial). — To 
adom ; to tittivate {q,v,). 

Property. To make property 
OF ONE, verb, phr, (old).— To 
use as a convenience, tool, or 
cat's-paw.— Grose (1785) ; Bee 


1596. Shakspbark, K. John^ v. a, 
79i I am too high-born to be propbrtibd. 

Prophet, subs, (Fleet St). —A 
sporting tipster. 

Propster and Prop-nailer. Su 

Pros, subs, (Cambridge). — A 
W.C. : hence the old nndergrad 
wheeze : — When is pote put for 
pros ? When the nights are dark 
and dreary. When our legs are 
weak and weary. When the quad 
we have to cross, Then is pote put 
for pros, 

Adv, (streets'). — Su quot. 

1887. IVal/oret s Antiquarieuty K^ar\^ 
350. Pros means pr«)er. Nothing but 
the word prosperous offers in explanation. 

Prose, subs, (Winchester). — A 
lecture : also as verb. 

Prosit, intj, (academical). — A 
salutation in drinking : ' Your 
health ! ' \Ut tiH prosit men 
potic,] Fr. Ut! 

Pross, subs, (streets*). — i. A 
prostitute : see Tart : also 


2. (theatrical). — A cadged 
drink : also as verb, (or adv, , ON 
THE PROSS) = (i) to ^punge, 
and (2) to instruct or break in 
a stage-struck youth ; PROSSER = 
(i) a cadger of drinks, dinners, 
and small monies (but see quot. 
185 1), and (2) a ponce {g,v.'). 
Prosser's Avenue = the (iaiety 

1851. Mayhbw, Lend. Lah,^ iii. 145. 
The regular salary [of strolling player] 
doesn't come to more than a pound a-week, 
hut then you make something out of those 
who come up on the parade, for one will 
chuck you (xL, some is. and 2s. 6d. We 
call those parties prossbs. 

C.I 876. SoHg^ ' I Can't Get at it' I've 
PROSSXD my meals from off my pals, oft- 
times I've Midly fared. 

1883. Rt/erety 18 Nov., 3. 4. For 
he don't haunt the Gaiety Bar. dear boys, 
A*«tanding (or PROSsmc for) drinks. 

1885. Saturday RemeWf 15 Aug., 
3x8. Accept his decision and neither 
thunder against him in Prossbr's Avenue 
(as it is called), nor encourage young 
journalists to state your views upon him in 

i88d. ComkiU Mag.^ Nov., 559. 
Gradually, he became what is known as a 
PROSSBR — a loafer, a beggar of small loans, 
a respectful attendant outside the circle of 
other men's merriment, into which for 
charity's sake he was sometimes invited. 

1893. Emerson, Signor LiMo^ xiv. 
He started Mralking about cuunming, 
getting a few midda3rs as from one and 
another, fairly on the pross and slad to 
pot up with a quatro soldi kip, luce the 
rest of us. 

Protected- MAN, subs, phr, (old 
naval). — A merchant seaman 
unfit for the Royal Service and 
therefore free of the press-gang. 

Protection. Under protec- 
tion, phr, (conventional). — In 
KEEPING {q.v,) ; living tally 

\q,V,)\ DABBED-UP (^.V.). 




Prussian-blue, subs, pkr, (obso- 
lete). — 5(g«quot. 1868. 

1837. DiCKBNS, Pickwick^ xxxiii. 
* Veil, Sammy/ said the father. ' Veil, 
MY Pkooshan Blub/ responded the son. 

z868. Brbwbr, Phrase &» TaSUt 
8.V. Prooshan Blub (Afy). A term of 
great endearment After . . . Waterloo 
the Prussians were immensely popular, 
and in connection with the LoysA True 
Blue Club gave rise to the toasts, " The 
True Blue 'and the *' Prussian Blub." 

Pry, su6s, (old : now recognised as 
verd,), — A busybody ; a 'peeping 
Tom * : now Paul Pry {g,v,) : 
from Poole's farce. — B. E. {c, 
1696) ; Grose (1785). 

Pryooe. S^ Prig. 

PSALM-SMITER, suds, phr, (com- 
mon). — A ranting dissenter. 

Pub (or Public), subs, (colloquial). 
— A tavern ; in the public 
LINE = engaged as a licensed 

1816. Scott, Old MortaUiv^ xlL 
Thb woman keeps an inn, then? inter- 
rupted Morton. A public, in a prim way, 
replied Blane. 

1840. LVTTOK, Pttul Clifard^ xxii. 
Ascertaining the topography of the public 
at which he spake. 

x866. EuoT, ^«/!ur//tf//,xxviiL The 
Cross-Keys was a very old-fashioned 

C.1871. Siliadf x6. All the great 
houses and the minor pubs. Ihid, Peelers 
. . . watch publics with a jealous eye. 

X883. Pavn, Thiek4r than WaUr^ 
XXXV. One doesn't expect to see . . . the 
inevitable hanger-on of pubs outside, 
waiting for a job. 

1884. Good Words^ June, 400, x. He 
had done twelve months for crippling the 
chucker-out of one of these pubs. 

1885. p. TeUgraph^ 31 Oct The 
diflBculty will be to persuade him to come 
out of the domestic paradise into a world 
without PUBS. 

1886-87. Marshall, ' Pottut ' [It's 
a Sad Heart that never Rejoices'], 76. 
The bloke at the pub. 

1887. 'Rwixv^Viilotes Good-Niihi, 
i. You sponges miking round the pubs. 

1893. MiLLiKBN, *Arry Ballads^ 3. 
No PUB but a sand-parloured shanty. 

1899. Whitking, John St., viL 
Waiting for the opening of the pubs. 

Public - buildings. Inspector 


(common). — (i) An idler : trom 
choice or necessity : a loafer or 
a man seeking work. 

Public- LEDGER, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — A prostitute : see Tart. 
['Because (Grose), like that 
paper, open to all parties.'] 

Public-man, subs, phr, (old).— A 
bankrupt --Grose (1785). 

PuBLic-PATTERER, subs, phr, (obso- 
lete). — Su quot. 

x866. HoTTKN, SUutg Dict,^ s.v. 
Public pattbhers, swell mobsmen who 
pretend to be Dissenting preaichers, and 
harangue in the open air to attract a 
crowd for their confederates to rob. 

PUCK, subs, (old). — The devil : see 

1369. Langland, Piers Plcfwman^ 
xix. a8a. Fro the poukks poundfalde no 
majrnprise may ous fecche. 

Pucker, verb, (showmen's). — See 

t8^z. Mavhew, Lond, Lah.^ L 269. 
The tno at this stage of the performances 
began puckbring (talking privately) to 
each other in murdered French, dashed 
with a little Irish. 

In a pucker, /^r. (colloquial). 
— Anxious ; agitated ; angry ; 
confused : cf. Pudder.— Dychb 
(1748) ; Grose (1785). Whence 
TO pucker up = to get angry. 

1751. Smollett, Peregrine Pickle, 
ii. The whole parish was in a puckkr : 
some Uiought the French had landed. 

1835. Nbal, Bro. Jonaikem, i. viL 
Miriam [was] in a plaguy pdcxbr. 




x68a. IVii and Mirtk C From Twelve 
Yean Old ^ x8. He Rumbrd and Jumbl'd 
me o'er, and o'er, Till I found he had 
almost wasted the store Of his pudding^ 

X719. DURFEY, PiUt to Purrg, vL 
30X. Qooth he, my dear Philli, I^ give 
unto thee, Such pudding you never did 

3. (old).— The guts. — Gross 
(1785). Hence PUDDING-HOUSE 
= the belly ; pudding-ken = a 
cook-shop ; pudding -snammer 
= a cooK-shop thief; pudding- 
filler (old Scots') = a glattOQ. 

X 503-8. Dunbar [Btumatyne Club]^ 

44 St^ X4. Sic PUDDING-PILLARIS, de- 

acendmg doon from millaris, Within thu 
land was nevir hard nor sene. 

X596. Shakspbarb, Mtrry Wroes^ 
ii. X. As sure as his guts are made of 


X596. N A s H B, Saffron WaltUn 
[IVaris, iii. 148]. What a commotion 
there was in his entrayles or pudding* 
HOUSB, for want of food. I6ui. (1599), 
L4nien Stujft [/fori Misc., vi. x66]. He 
. . . thrust nim downe his pudding-housb 
at a gobbe. 

1607. Rowlands, Dicrtnes Lan- 
ikortUf 7 (Hunterian Club's Kepr., X873X 
AH the guttes in his pudding-housb 
rumble and grumble at their slender 

X773. Bridges, BurUsque Homer ^ 
ao6. As on the g^und his bum came 
smash His puddings jumbled with a 

1857. Snowdbn, Maf^. Assistant 
(3rd ed.X 446. One who steals food. A 
pudding snammbr. 

X893. Embrson, Lippo^ X. I just 
went to one of my regular pudding-kbns 
to sell the mungarly to some of the needies 

4. (common). — Good luck. 

Colloquialisms, mostly 
contemptuous are : — Pudding- 
bellied = big-stomached ; pud- 
ding-faced = &t, rounds and 
smooth in izat ; pudding-head 
= a fool : whence pudding- 
headed (Grose) = stupid ; 
pudding-heart = a coward ; 

pudding-hose= baggy breeches; 
pudding • sleeves = (i) large 
bag^ sleeves as in the full dress 
clencal gown ; whence (2) a 
parson : su sky - pilot ; in 
PUDDING time (Grose) = in the 
nick of time, opportunely ; pud- 
dingy = fat and rouna ; pud- 
ding about the heels = slo- 
venly, thick-ankled ; TO ride 
POST FOR A PUDDING = to exert for 
little cause ; to give the crows 
A pudding (Grose) = (i) to 
hang on a gibbet, and (2) to die : 
su Hop the Twig. Also pro- 
verbs and sayings : — * The proof 
of the PUDDING IS in the eatmg' ; 
' Hungry dogs will eat dirty 


will settle your love (Grose)'; 
' Better some of a pudding than 
none of a pie * ; ' There is no 
deceit in a bag-PUDDiNG* ; 
' Puddings and paramours should 
be hastily handled * ; < Puddings 
an' wort are hasty dirt ' ; 'It 
would vex a dog to see a 
pudding creep' ; *Be feiir con- 
ditioned and eat bread with your 


X594. Tvlnby, Locri$t€^-vL 3. You 
come in pudding timb, or else I had 
dress'd them. 

X599. Shakspbare, Hen, V., iL x, 
9x. By my troth he'll yield the crow 
A pudding one of these days. 

1608. Withal, Z)rW., 3. I came in 
season, as they say in pudding timb, 
tempore venL 

x6x4. Terence in Engiisk [Narbs^ 
Per tempus advenis^ you come in pudding 
TIME, you come as well as may be. 

X630. Taylor. WVr>b (Nares]. Our 
land-lord did that shift prevent^ Who came 
IN PUDDING TIME, and tooke his rent. 

X663. Butler, Hndibrast L 2. Mars 
that still protects the stout. In pudding 
TIMB came to his aid. 

X707. Ward, Hud, Red.^ 11. iL 35. 
Sweethearts aft'r 'em will be crowding Like 
HUNGRY Dogs to dirty Pudding. 




Puff, subs, (old : now colloquial). 
— I. A sham ; an impostor ; (2) 
f&lse praise : also puffing and 
PUFFERY {su quots. 1 732 and 
1779). Whence (3) a decoy : as 
a critic who extoU a book or a 
play from interested motives ; a 
mock-bidder, or runner • UP 
{q.v,) of prices at auctions ; or a 
gambler's confederate or bonnet 
{q.v.)\ also PUFFER (Bailey, 
1728) ; (Grose, 1785). As adj, 
(also PUFFED) = &t ; and as 
verb, (also PUFF up) = to blow, 
to bloat, to fill with wind, false- 
hood, conceit : whilst puff- wor- 
ker (American) = a penny-a-liner 
making a speciality of theatrical 

1596. Shakspbarb, Merry WivtSj 
V. 5. What ... a puppbd man. Ibid. 
(1598), a Hen. IV.^ v. 3. I think a* be, 
but goodman Pupp of Barson. 

x6io. JoNSON, Alchemist J u. z. 
Mam. That is his fire-drake, His Lungs 
... he that pupps his coals . . . IbM, 
Lan^ ... I will restore thee thy com- 
plexion, PUPPB. 

1647. Flbtchbr, Nice V«U<mr^ iv. t. 
Why I confess at my wife's instigation 
once (As women love these herald's kick- 
shaws naturally) I bought em ; but what 
are they, think you ? Pupps. 

1739. Hbarnb, Dimry^ 7 Sep. I 
rememtier Bale's book is pupp'd with other 

1731. St. Jameses Evg. Post^ *List 
of Officers attached to Gaming-houses ' . . . 
4. Two Pupps, who have money given 
them to play with. 5. A ' Clerk' who is a 
check uDon the pupps to see that they sink 
none of the money given them to play 
with. 6. A "Squib* who is a pupp of a 
lower rankj who serves at half salary while 
he is learning to deal. 

1732. Weekly Register. 97 May. 
Pupp has become a cant word, signifying 
the applause set forth by writers ... to 
increase the reputation and sale of a book, 
and is an excellent stratagem to excite the 
curiosity of gentle readers. 

17^9. Smollbtt, Gil Bias [Rout- 
lbdgbj, 79. If I had a mind to pupp my 
vices into virtues. I mi^ht call this sloth of 
mine a philosopnical indifference. I6iel, 

(i75«)f Peregrine Pickle, xdii. This 
saence, which is known oy the vulgar 
appellation of pupping, they carried to 
such a pitch of finesse, that an author very 
often wrote an abusive answer to his own 
performance, in order to inflame the 
curiosity of the tOMm, by which it had been 

1754. The World, No. xoa I hope 
that none . . . will . . . suspect me of 
being a hired and interested pupp of this 

1779. Bridgbs, Burlesque Horner^ 
157. Tho' we, by Jove, and I'm no pu ppbr, 
By the comparison can't suffer. 

177^ Shbkidan, Critic, L a. Puff. 
I am, sir, a practitioner in panegyric, or, 
to speak more plainly, a professor of the 
art of PUPPING . . . 'Twas I first taught 
[auctioneers] to crowd their advertisements 
with panegyrical superlatives, each epithet 
rising above the other, like tne bidders in 
their own auction rooms . . . Pupping is 
of various sorts ; the principal are the pupp 
direct, the pupp preliminary, the pupp 
collateral, the pupp collusive, and the 
pupp oblique, or pupp by implication. 

1806. Eldon, * Mason v. A rmitaee^ 
13 Ves., 35, 37. Upon the suspicion tnat 
the plaintiff was a puppbr, the question 
was put whether any puppbrs were 

1833. Carlylb, Sewior^ i. iu At an 
epoch when puppbry and auackery have 
reached a height unexampled in the annals 
of mankind. 

1836. Marrvat, Japhet, ^ xxxiv. 
They were very pretty, amiable girls, and 
leauired no pupping on the part of her 

1839. llisxrw'BJM, Literary Lionistn 
[London and Westminster Review, April]. 
Like newspaper puppbry, which is an 
evidence of over population. 

xSsa KiNGSLKY, Alton Locke, v. 
They wouldn't go home from sermon to 
sand the sugar, and put sloe-leaves in the 
tea, and send out lying pupps of their 
vamped-up goods. 

1866. London Miscellasty, k May, 
SOT. He said he had been in the habit of 
frequenting mock auctions . . . They had 
a barker to entice people in, and then con- 
federates or PUPPBRS would say to the 
person looking at the article for sale, " Ah ! 
that is a fine watch (or whatever it might 
be) ; I should think that u worth a good 
dad ; if I were you I'd buy it." 




1858. Mayhbw, Paoed with Gcld^ 
II. xiL 184. He was known by his brother 
PUGS to be one of the gamest hands in the 

1883. " Thormanby," Famous Rat' 
ing Men, 75. John Gully ... retired 
from the Ring, and like most of his brother 
PUGS, took a public>house. 

1887. Hbnlby, Villon^s Good-Niikt, 
a. You bleeding bonnets, pugs, and subs. 

1888. Re/erttt n Oct. The sporting 
papers always kept the pugs in their 
proper place, and scarcely contemplated 
they would have to do lip and lackey 
service to them. 

1891. Lie, Vict, Ga*.f 30 Mar. A 
posse of PUGS guarded the course. 

4. (domestics'). — An upper 
servant : hence pug's-hole =■ 
the housekeeper's room. — Halli- 
WELL (1847). 

5. A dog : with no reference 
to breed. 

6. (sporting). — A fox. 

1809. EoGBwoRTH, Absentett vii 
There is a dead silence uU pug is well out 
of cover. 

1849. KiNCSLXV, Yeast, I Some 
welMcnown haunts of pug. 

PuooARD, subs, (old). — A thief: 
hence pugging = thievish. 

1604. Shakspkarb, IVitUsr's Tali, 
iv. 3. The white sheet bleaching on a 
hedge . . . Doth set my pugging tooth 
an edge. 

i6xz. MiDDLBTON, Roaritt^ Girl 
[DoDSLBV, Old Plays (Rebd), vl 115^ 
Lifters, nips, foists, puggards. 

Puke, subs, (American). — i. A 
term of contempt : cf, pukbr 
(Shrewsbury) = a good-for- 

1847. RoBB, Squatter Life, i<a. 
Captain and all hands are a set of cowardly 


2. (American). — ^An inhabitant 
of the State of Missouri {Century 

Verb, (old).— To vomit: still 
in use at Winchester. — B. E. 

i6oa Shakspbarb, As You Like 
It, il 7. The infant Mewling and puk- 
ing in tlie nurse's arms. 

1754. Pope, Satires 0/ Donne, iv, 
153. As one of Woodwards patients, side 
and sore, I pukb. 

1893. MiLLiKBN. 'Arry Ballads, 78. 
People PUKB at the snams till they tlunk 
the originab ain't no great shakes. 

Puling, adj. and adv, (old : now 
recognised) . — Sickly : hence 
PULER = a weakling. — B. E. 
{c, 1696). 

1608. Yorkshire Tragedy, L z. My 
voung mistress keeps such a puling for a 

1609. Man in tke Moono, Sis. G. If 
she be pale of complexion, she will prove 
but a PULBR ; is she high coloured, an ill 

c.z6z7. Flbtchbr and others, Knigki 
0/ Malta, ii. 3. Come ... put this pul- 
ing pastton out of your mind. 

z8sa Lamb. New Year's Eve (Gib- 
bings, IVorks, liL z8i]. Where be those 
puling fears of death f 

Pull, subs, (old and still collo- 
quial). — I. A drink ; a GO {q,v,) : 
as verb, = to drink ; TO LUSH 
{a.v.), PULLER-ON = an appe- 
tiser : of liquids only : cf, 


Z436. Political Songs [* Master of 
the Kolls,' u. T69]. [Oliphant. New 
Eng,, L a^o. The verb pullb takes the 
sense o(btOere\. 

Z469. Coventry Myst. [Halliwbll], 
Z4a. I PULLB 00 draught. 

z6oa Dbckbr, Sko. Heliday \ Works 
(1873), i. aa]. O heele give a viUanons 
PULL at a can of double oeere. 

Z748. Smollbtt, Rod Random, IvL 
The vessel being produced, I bade him 
decant his bottfe mto it . . . and said, 
"Pledgeyou." He stared . . . "What! 
all at one pull, measter Randan ? " 




X76a Foots, Minor^ L Mrs, CcU, 
I won't trouble you for the fflass ; my 
hands do so tremble and shake, I shall but 
spill tbe good creature. . L&tuL Well 


177a. Bkidgbs, BurU*qM€ Horner^ 
346. When my landlord dees not nick me 
. . . But very fairly fills it full, I just can 
sw^ it at one pull. 

xSaa Tkg Fancy, Well pull a 
little deady. 

1835. Scott, Talisman^ xxvL Wash 
it down with a brinuning flagon, man, or 
thou wilt choke upon it. — Why so— well 
pulled I 

1876. Dickens, Pickwick^ liL Tak- 
ing a long and hearty pull at the rum* 

1857. Tkollopb, Three CUrks^ xlv. 
A deep pull at the pewter. 

z868. Whytb • Melville, TVhiU 
Rose^ IL iL The other . . . sucked in a 
long PULL of his hot coffee. 

x888. Century Mag,^ xxxviiL ^ After 
a long PULL at the pitcher of persimmon 

1891. Newman, Scmmping TrickSf 
49. I went straight away and bad a pull 
of mm. 

2. (colloquial). — An advantage ; 
a hold ; power : e,g,y TO have a 
PULL OVER ONE = to have at an 
advantage, in one's power, or 
under one's thumb. — Grose 
(1785) ; Vaux (1819). 

cxsoa Medwall, InUrhuU of 
Nature, ug. C ii. It cost me a noble . . . 
The scald capper sware, That yt cost hym 
euen as mycbe But there Prydt had a 


1781. BvRGOYHK^ Lcrdff/'tAeMattort 
liL I. You'll have quite the pulL of me in 

z83x. Egan, Lt/e in London^ 11. iL 
[The watchmen,] besides having the pull 
in their favour, m opening the charge, and 
colouring it as they think proper. . . . 

18^5. Thackeray, Newcomes^ xli. 
They know . . . who naturally have the 
pull over them. 

1856. ajJOH^.i^ Tom Brown's School' 
Dayst I. viL What a pull, said he, that 
it's lie-in-bed, for I shall be as lame as a 
tree, I think. 

x868. Whvtb • Mblville, JVhite 
Rose^ II. 34. It's a great puu. not having 
married young. 

1885. D. Telegraphy ax Dec Tbe 
pull in the weights alone enabled Ivanboe 
to win by a length. 

x886;o6. Marshall, * Pomes * [* Her 
Sunday Qothes '], X05. She'd alao a pull 
o'er those well-dressed elves. 

x888. BoLDREWOOD, Robberv Under 
Arms, xxiii. We had twice the pull 
now, because so many strangers, that 
couldn't possibly be known to tbe police, 
were straggling over all the roads. 

x89a. Half-Holiday^ 19 Mar., gx, a. 
I bad all tbe advantage of having a better 
case than he. I had that pull on him. 

1893. GuNTBR, Miss Dividends, xL 
Don't thb give the Church a pull upon 
the daddy? 

3. (old). — Su quot 

x8x9. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. Puu. 
. . . A person speaking of any intricate 
affair, or feat of u^enuity, which be can- 
not comprehend, will say, There is sotne 
PULL at the bottom of it, that I'm not fly 

4. (common). — An attempt to 
extort something from another ; 
a GO {q.v,), 

X7^9. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], 7^. Relations and strangers were 
all for having a pull at him. 

5. (colloquial).— Rowing exer- 
cise : also as verb, = to row. 

X84X. Hook, Fathers amd Sons, xviL 
To pull Lady Cramly and her daughters 
down the river. 

Virb, I. See subs. i. 

2. (cricketers'). — To strike a 
ball from the *off* to the 'leg' 
side of the ticket. To take a 
PULL = to drive a straight ball. 

3. (thieves').— To arrest ; to 
raid : su Nab and Cop. Whence 
PI LLED UP = brought before a 
magistrate. — Grose ( 1 785). 




c.iBix. Broadsidt Ballad [Farmbk, 
Musa Pedestris (1896), 77]. He had twice 
been pull'o, and nearly uigg'd, but got off 
by going to sea. 

18x0. Vaux, Memoirs^ s.v. Pull 
... To PULL a man, or have him pullkd 
is to cause bis apprehension for some 
offence; and it is then said that Mr. 
PuLLBN b concerned. 

1836. DiCKBNS, Sketches by Boz^ 8a. 
The loquacious little gentleman . . . find* 
ing that he had already paid more than he 
ought, avowed his imalterable determina- 
tion to PULL UP the cabman in the mom- 

1871. Figaro^ 15 ApriL The police 
PULLBD every Keno establishment in the 
city. Pulling is the slang for seizing the 
instruments, and arresting the players and 

4. (racing). — To slow a horse, 
while seeming to ride one's best. 

1868. OuiOA, Two Ftof^s, X. They 
. . . had broken down like any . . . jockey 
bribed to pull at a suburban selling-race. 

1889. Evening Standard^ 95 June. 
[Sir Chas. Russell's speech in Durham- 
Chetwynd^ case]. Sir G. Chetwynd never 
did anything so gross and vulgar as that 
[tell the jockey to pull horsesX and that 
if horses were pulled, that was not the 
way in which in any class of turf society 
instructions were given. 

x89a Sat. Hev., i Feb., 134, z. They 
all bet, and when they lose of course it u 
the fault of the jockey, or of the trainer, or 
of the^ owner, who gave instructions to 
have bis horse pullbd. 

x8oi. Gould, Double Extent, zoa. 
Wells had pullbd horses when no one but 
a thorough judge could have seen the 

5. (old). — To steal; to cheat. 

1383. Chaucbr, Cant. Tales, Pro- 
logue, 6i;4. Ful prively a finch [ a novice] 
eke cottde he pull. 

Idas. JoNSON, Stable ef NewSf n. x. 
what plover's that they've brouebt to 

i8ai. Hacgabt, Life, 63. I pullbd 
a scout, and passed it to Urabam. 

. '%;*^,V Mayhbw, Lofui. Lai., l 
460. We Uved by thieving and I do stUl 
—by PULLING flesh 

The Long pull, subs, phr, 
(licensed victuallers*). — See quot. 

Z901. D. Telegraph, a4 Dec, 3, 4. 
The attempt to abolish the long pull 
made by the Birmingham brewers has 
ended in failure. . . . The result was seen 
in decreased profits. Customers left their 
houses and patronised others where over- 
measure was given. 

Colloquialisms are : — To 
PULL DOWN, I, (thieves' : see quot. 
1857) ; (2) to destroy, to depress, 
to endanger chances; TO pull 
IN THE PIECES = to make money : 
Fr. faire son beurre ; TO PULL IT 
(or FOOT) = to decamp : see Am- 
putate and Skedaddle; to 
PULL THROUGH = to succeed, 
to get out of a difficulty; 


rate ; TO PULL UP = (i) to take to 
task, to arrest, to stop; (2) to 
exert oneself, to make a special 
effort ; TO pull faces = to 
grimace ; TO PULL A long face 
= to look BLUE {q.v.) ; to pull 
OFF = to succeed ; to get there 

{q.V.) ; TO PULL oneself to- 
gether = to rouse oneself ; to 
rally; TO PULL (or draw) in 
one's horns = to retract ; to 
cool down (Grose, 1785) ; to 

PULL DOWN a side = tO spoil 

to remind ; TO pull out 
(American) = (i) to chuck {q.v.) ; 
2 (athletic) = to strive to the ut- 
most, TO extend (^.v.)* usually 
by means of a friendly pace- 
maker ; 3 (common) = to run 
away; 4 (tailors') = to hurry, to 
get on with work in hand ; TO 
pull up a Jack [see quot. 

1819) ; TO PULL A kite = tO 

be serious, to look straight 
(^.v.) ; TO PULL one's (or draw) 
THE LEG = to impose upon, to 
bamboozle iq.v,), to chaff 

{q.V.) ; TO PULL ABOUT = (l) to 

masturbate : see Frig, and (2) 





z8oz. LU. Vict. Gas., 3 Ap. The 
chief bank official . . . told him pretty 
plainly that he must now ruLL up, and 
arrangements made in regard to certain 
over-due acceptances. 

1896. Crane, Afeuvu xiv. 'She 
was PULLING m' lbg, That s the whole 
amount of it,' he said. 

1898. Whitbing, /« A« 5*/., xxix. I 
am working up a little affair of my own 
just now . . . but I'm not sure I shall be 
able TO PULL it off. 

X90X. TroddUs^ 38. He certainly 
didn't perceive that Wilkn was pulling 
HIS LEG, and he stammered out expressions 
of gratitude. 

PULLED-TRADE, J«^J./^r. (toilors*). 

— Secured work. 

Pullet (poulet or pulley), subs. 
(colloquial). — (i) A girl of tender 
years. Hence pullet-squbbzbr 
= an amaieur of young girls ; a 

GIN-PULLET = * a young woman 
. . . who though often trod has 
never laid.'~BEE (1823). Also 
2 (thieves') = a female confede- 

Pullino-time, subs, phr. (pro- 
vincial). — See quot. 

X847. Halliwell, Arch, and Prov, 
IVords^ s.v. PuLLiNG-TiMB. The evening 
of a fair-day, when the wenches are pulled 

Pullman -PUP, xi^x./^r. (railway). 
— See quot. 

189a Tit-Bits, X Not. The Mid- 
land night Scotch train from Leeds runs in 
front of the London Scotch train, and is 
therefore nicknamed the Pullman Pup. 

PULLY - HAULY, odj, phr, (collo- 
quial). — Rough - and - tumble : 


verb, phr, (venery). — To copu- 
late: see Greens and Ride. — 
Grose (1785). 

Pulpit, subs, (venery).— The fe- 
male pudendum : see Mono- 

1656. Choice DrolUry, 4A. Quoth 
she, the Son is prov'd a Uaugoter. But 
be content, if God duth blesse the Baby, 
She has a Pulpit where a Preacher may 

c. 1685-05. Broadside Ballad [JHoX' 
burghs Ballads ifint. Mus.), ii. 71] 'The 
Country Parson's Folly.' He pitcn'd on a 
subject was hard by the rump, And into her 
Pulpit he straight ways dia jumpf Where 
all the night long he her cushion did 

subs, phr, (common). — A ranting 
parson ; a cushion-thumper 
{q.v, ), Whence PULPIT-CUFFING 
(&c ) = violent exhortation. 

1699. Brown [Worhs (1715), i. aoo]. 
A PULPIT-DRUBBBR by profession, who 
knows all the witches forms in the king- 

1706. Ward, Htid. Redivrtms, vi. 
la Thought I, for all vour pulpit- 
drumming,^ Had you no Hose to hide 
your Bum in. 

Pulpiteers, stibs, (Winchester 
College). — See quot. 

1891. Wrench, Winchester Word 
Book, S.V. Pulpiteers. An arrangement 
during Cloister-time of Sixth Book and 
Senior Part V. goine up to books together 
. . . Middle and funior Part taken to- 
gether were c^ed Cloisters. 

Pulse. To feel one's pulse, 
verb, phr, (collo(^uial). — i. To 
gauge opinions, views, feelings, 
&c. ; TO sound {q,v.) ; to take 
one's measure [q.v.), 

d, 184^. SouTHBV, Letters, iv. 139. So 
much matter has been ferretted out that 
this Government wishes to tell its own 
story, and my pulse was felt. 

. 2. (venery). — To grope a 


i648-5a Brathwavte, Barnabys 
JL (1793). 50, 51. Thence to Meredin did 
steer I, Where grown foot-sore and sore 
weary, I repos'd where I chuck 'd Joan-a, 
Felt her pulse i^HopUem in genu cepi). 




Verb, (colloquial). — I. To 
qaestion artfully ; to make one tell 
without knowing he's telling; 
TO SOUND (^.».)» Hence, as 
subs, = an indirect question ; 
'Your PUMP is good but the 
sucker's dry ! ' = a retort or an 
attempt TO pump.— B. E. {c, 
1696); Grose (1785). 

1633. JoNSON, TaU o/a Tub, iv. 
iiL I'll stand aside whikt thou pump'st 
out of him Hb business. 

f.163^. Randolph, Musts' Liwking 
uSf it. 4. I'll in to PUMP my dad, and 


fetch thee more. 

x668. Dkyden, An Evening^s Laot^ 
iiL Markallj pump the woman ; and see 
if you can discover anything to save my 

Z693. CoNGRKVB, Old BatehtUfT^ v. 
4. She was pumping me about how your 
worship's affairs stood. 

X740. RiCHAKDSON, Pamela^ i. 308. 
For all her pumps, she gave no hinL 

1749. FiBLDiNG, Tom Jones ^ xi. vL 
She therefore ordered her maid to pump 
out of him by^ what means he had become 
acquainted with her person. 

z8a6. BucKSTONB, Death Fetch^ ii. 
a. She wants to pump me, but two words 
to that bargain. 

1837. Dickens, Pickwick, xvL 
Undergoing the process of being pumped. 

18^7. Thackeray, VaAity Fairyyixx. 
But old Tinker was not to be pumped by 
this little cross-questioner. 

1886-96. Marshall, ^ Pomes* from 
the Pink 'Un ['The Age of Love 'J, 26. 
So she sought him and gently pumped 

T893. MiLLiKEN, 'Arry Ballads, 33. 
I've parted so free to the coachies, and 
artfully put on the pump. 

2, (old colloquial). — To duck 
under the pump: also to give 


r.1696, and Grose, 1785) ; 
'Christened with pump- 
WATER,' said of a red-fieiced boy 
or girl (Ray, 1760, and Grose, 


1839. AiNSWORTHf Jack Ske^pard 
[1889], 13. If he don't Up the cole without 
more ado, give him a taste of the 
PUMP, that's all. 

3. (colloquial). — To go breath- 
less; TO WIND {q,V,')\ PUMPED 

out (or DRY) = completely 

blown. — B. E. (r.1696). Hence 

PUMPER = anything that pumps : 

as counsel, a race, a course, a 

spurt, &c. 

z86o. Russell, Diary in India, w, 
370. Darkness began to set in, the 
artillery horses were pumped out, and 
orders were given to retire. 

x88a. hield, a8 Jan. Tiger ... had 
all the best of a long pumping course. 

1888. .S/^r/if M4»r. a8 Nov. She came 
on the scene when Bismarck was quite 
pumped out 

5. (common). — ^To vomit ; to 

CAST up accounts (^.».). — 

Grose (1785). 

6. (American). — To steal. 

1824. Atlantic Mag., i. 344. Vot I 
vants to show is the vay in which she 
PUMPED my fob this ere mornin'. 

7. (common). — To cry. 

1837. ^MLK^KTySnarley-Yow, And 
she did pump While I did jump In the 
boat to say, Good bye. 

Pump- AND -Tortoises (The), 
subs, phr, (military). — The late 
38th Regiment of Foot, now the 
1st Batt. South Staffordshire 

PUUPKIN, jji^i. (old).— I. 5^^quot. 

1785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue, s.v. 
" PoMPKiN, a man or woman of Boston, 
America, from the number of pompkins 
raised and eaten by the people of that 
country. PompkinS'Hive, for Boston and 
its dependencies." 

2. (common). — The head : see 
Crumpet and Tibby. 

3. (American). — The female 
pudendum : see Monosyllable : 
whence pumpkin-cover = the 
pubic hair : see Fleece. [From 
the shape of a pumpkin seed.] 




Verb, (vencry). — i. To de- 
flower : hence punchable = ripe 
for man, COMING {q.v,\ — GROSE 


2. (Western American). — To 
drive and brand cattle. Whence 
PUNCHER (Bull or cow-pun- 
cher) = a cowboy. 

1889. Francis, SaddU and Mac- 
etuin [SUutg^y JttrroHy and Cant\ The 
title ' cow-servants so delighted the gentle 
PUNCHER that it has become a standing 
quotation in New Mexico. 

18 [?J. H. Kendall, Billy VieJUrs. 
At FDNCHiKG oxen you may guess There's 
nothing out can camp him. 

3. (old).— To walk: su Ab- 
squatulate. — Grose (1785). 
Hence to punch outsides = 
to go out of doors. — Grose 
(1785); Haggart(i82i). 

1780. ToMLiNSON, SUuu: Pastoral^ 
yii Now she to Bridewell has funch'd 
it along. 

Cobbler's-punch, subs, phr, 
(old). — 'Urine with a cinder in 
it.'— Grose (1785). 

Punchable, subs, (old). — • Old 
passable money, anno 1695.* — 
B. E. (<-.i696). 

Su Punch, verb,y sense i. 

Punch - and - Judy, subs, phr, 
(common). — Lemonade. 

1885- Eng, lUus. Mag.t June, 604. 
I'd drink a pennorth of gingeret, or a glass 
of Punch and Judy. 

Puncher, subs, (sporting).- i. A 

2. Su Punch, verb. 

Punch-clod, subs, (movincial). — 
A form-laborer ; a clod-hopper. 

Punch-house, subs, phr, (old).— 
' A bawdy house.'— B. E. {c,i^). 

Punchy, subs, (American). — A 
house of entertainment. 

See Punch, subs. 

Puncture, verb, (cyclists').— To 
deflower ; to PRICK (^.v.). [An 
allusion to pneumatic tyres.] 

P U N I 8 H , verb, (sportii^ and 
general). — A strong verb oniction : 
thus (in boxing) to punish = to 
hit hard, to handle severely ; (in 
cricket) TO punish the bowl- 
ing = to hit freely ; (general) to 
PUNISH THE bottle = to drink 
hard ; to punish the spread = 
to eat much and heartily ; and so 
forth. Hence punishing = ex- 
hausting, fatiguing ; punisher = 
a glutton for work ; punishment 
= a severe beating, complete ex- 
haustion, &C. 

18x9. Mooss, Tom Crib, An eye 
that plann'd PUNISHING deeds. Ibid, If to 
level, to PUNISH, to ruffian mankind. 

i8ai. Egan, Li/(t in London^ 11. iii. 
What a PUNISHXR, too ! 

1831. Ea;an, Finish L\fe in London^ 
33X. Blacky punishbd the steaks. 

1848. Thackeray, Vanity Feur^xvL 
He punishbd my champagne. Ibid, 
(1863), Philip^ iv. Tom Sayers could not 
take punishment more gaily. 

1857. Barton Expgrimgnt^ xiv. 
After we'd punished a couple of hottles of 
old Crow whisky ... he caved in all of a 

x88a. Fields a8 Jan. Each courM 
to-day was of the most punishing kind. 

1886. D. TtUgraph^ 5 Mar. After- 
wards punished his opponent very scienti- 

x886. Casselts Saturday Journal^ 6 
Mar., 359. I shall . . . punish the old 
gendeman's sherry. 

X89T. Lie VicL GoM,. 3 April. " 
M'Carthv put in a lot of clinching to save 
himself from punishment. 




1889. Sporting Times^ 3 Aug.| 4, 4. 
If the MUiker deals to both sides without 
dealing any to himself, the puntbrs can 
allow tDe coup to stand. 

1898. Rt/trte^ 4 Sep., xz, ^ While 
Paul IS PUNTING with the outside book- 
makers, Virginia may listen to the artless 
prattle of the Silver Ring. 

1899. Critic J XX Mar., a, x. A 

Sintleman . . . whose face is familiar in 
e neighbourhood of Capel-court, ^ has 
been punting in maximums in the private 
club at Monte Carla 

2. (Rugby footballers'). —To 
kick the ImiII before it touches the 
ground. Hence punt- about = 
a practice-ball or -game. 

18^ HuGHBS, Tcm Brmim, i. v. 
Hurra! here's the punt-about — come 
along and try your hand at a kick. 

3. (auctioneers'). — To act as 
decoy : also Punter. 

i8qx. Answers 1 4 Ap. When visiting 
a small place the auctioneer usually takes 
his PUNTBRS with him, as the faces of local 
men might be known. A well-dressed 
PUNTER earns five or six shillings a day. 
and . . . are expected to appear in tall 
hats, gloves, sticks, big brass chains and 

Puny, subs. (old). — i. A freshman; 

(2) a student at the Inns of Court ; 

(3) a junior. Hence, punyship 
= youth. Also (4) = a puisne 
judge or bencher. 

1548. Patten, Somerstfs March 
[OuPHANT, New Eng.y i. S20w We see 
the phrases grood literature (scholarship) 
. . . PUNiES (junior^)]. 

X5[7]. Christmas Prince at St. 
John's CoUege i. Others to make sporte 
. . . were they whom they call freshmenn, 
PUNiES of the first yeare. 

X5 [?]. Ulysses upon Ajax, B8. A 
PUNEV of Oxford. 

Nashb, Christ's Teares [Gro- 

'hs^ iv. 938]. Laughing at the 

PUNIES they have lurched. /ii£ (1598), 


Lenten Stujffe [Harl. Misc., vi. 171 ]• . In 
the PUNIB5H1P or nonage of Cerdicke 

X607. Dbkker, IVestward //fie, L a. 
There is only in the amity of women an 
estate at will^ and every puny knows that 
is no certain mheritance. /^id., v. 3. The 
PUNIES set down this decree. 

X634. Marston, in Lectcres, ^c, 
[Nares). Each odd puisne of the lawyer's 

c.x64a [Shirley], Capt. Undtrwii 
[BuLLBN, Old Plays, iL 140]. Preach to 
the PUISNES of the Inne sobriety. 

Adj. (old : now recognised). — 
Weak; small. ~B. E. (^.1696); 
Grose (1785). 

Pup, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 
puppy {q.v.). 

2. (colloquial). — A pupil. 

yerd. (colloauial). — To be 
brought to bea. [As a bitch 
with puppies.] In pup = preg- 

To SELL A PUP, verd. phr. 
(thieves*). — To swindle a green- 
horn ; TO FLAP A JAY (^.».). 

PUPE, subs. (Harrow school).— A 
pupil room. 

Pupil-monger, subs. phr. (old).— 
A tutor : specifically at the uni- 
versities. — 6. E. {c. 1696) ; Grose 


1663. Fuller, Worthies, Northamp- 
ton, II. 517. John Preston . . . was the 
greatest pupil-monger in England. 

Puppy (Pup, or Puppy-dog), subs 
(colloquial). — i. A vain or un 
mannerly fool ; a fop ; a coxcomb. 
—Grose ( 1 785). Hence pu ppy 
ism = conceit or affectation 
PUPPYISM (or puppily) = im 
pertinent ; puppy - headed = 

1593. H ARVEY, Pierces Super. [ Whs. 
(Grosart), iL 328]. A Jack-sauce, or 
vDinannerly puppy. 




2. (old).— A whore : su Tart. 
[Probably an echo of the hypo- 
crisy imputed to the Puritans : c/. 
sense i, esp. quot. 1607.] 

PURKO, suds, (military). — Beer : see 
Swipes. [Barclay, Perkins and 

Purl, suds, (old : now recognised). 
— I. See quots. 1696 and 185 1 ; 
afterwards (2) applied to beer 
warmed nearly to ooiling point, 
and flavoured with gin, sugar, and 
ginger. Hence purl- man = a 
boating vendor of purl to Thames 
watermen. — Grose (1785). 

1680. PErvs, Diaryt xp Feb. Forth 
to Mr. Harper's to drink a oraft of purlb. 

x69a DuRPBY, CoUin's Waik^ iv. 
Or like a Porter could Regale, With Pots 
of Purls, or Mugs of Ale. 

C.I 696. B. E., Diet. Cant. Crtw^ s.v. 
Purl, Wormwo<>d infus'd in Ale. Ibid, 
PiTRL-RovAL, Canary with a dash of 

T711. Spectator^ Na 88. My lord 
bishop swore he would throw her out at 
window . . . and my lord duke would 
have a double mug of purl. 

1790. Old Songy ' Flash man of St. 
Giles's \Busy Bee\ I call'd for some 
purl, and we had it hot. 

1836. DiCKSNS, Sketches^ 31. Water- 
men ... retire ... to solace themselves 
with the creature comforts of pipes and 


284T. Rbdb, Sixteen String Jack^ i, 
2. Long Terry's half way down a pot of 
PURL ; Kit s finishing a bowl of punch . 

185X. Mayhbw, Lend. Lah.^ ii. 108. 
It appears to have been the practice at 
some time or other in this country to infuse 
wormwood into beer or ale previous to 
drinking it, either to make it sufficiently 
bitter, or for some medicinal purpose. This 
mucture was called PURL. loid. The drink 
originally sold on the river was purl, or 
this mixture, whence the title purl-man. 

3. (schools'). — A dive, head 
foremost : cf, sense 2. 

Adj, (hunting). — Thrown ; 

SPILT {q.V.) ; FOALED (/.Z'.) : e,g.^ 
* He'll get PURLED at the rails.' 
Hence (as subs.\ or purler = a 
fall ; a spill. 

18^7. C Rbaob, Never Too LaU^ 
xxxvilK They went a tremendous pace — 
with occasional stoppages when a purl 
occurred. Ibid, They commonly paddle 
in companies of three ; so then whenever 
one is purled the other two come on each 
side of him. 

x868. OuiDA, Two Flags^ iii. Rig;ht 
in front of that Stand was an artificial 
bullfinch that promised to treat most of the 
field to a PURLER, a deep ditch dug and 
filled with water, with two towering black- 
thorn fences on either side of it. 

1885. Fields a6 Dec. To trifle with 
this innovation means a certain purlsr. 

Purpose. To as much purpose 
as the geese slur upon the 


HAY), pkr. (colloquial).— To no 
purpose at all. Also ' to no more 
PURPOSE than to beat your heels 
against the ground (or wind).' — 
Ray (1670). 

Purse, subs, (venery). — i. The 
female pudendum : see Mono- 
syllable : Fr. bourse-h-vits : cf. 
Prick-purse. Also (2) = the 
scrotum. Hence, NO money in 
HIS PURSE = impotent ; purse- 
proud = lecherous ; purse- 
finder = a harlot ; &c. 

^.i6ao. Beaumont and Fletcher, 
Little French Lawyer^ v. 3. And put a 

good speed-penny in my pursb that has 
een empty these thirty years. 

c^.1720. Broadside Song, * The Turaep 
Ground' [Farmer, Merry Songs €md 
Ballads (1897), L 224]. [When] gently 
down I L'ayd her. She Op't a Purse as 
black as Coal, To hold my Coin. 

2. (colloquial). — A sum of 
money : a prize, a collection, a 
gift. Also (generic) = money ; 

Purting'glumpot 331 


Z440. Prompt, Parv. [Camden Soc.] 
. . . PoRCV in wynd drawynge. 

Z596. Shakspsakb, Haffdtt^ liL 4. 
The fatness of these pursy times. 

1607. [?MiddlktonJ or W [?ent- 
worthJ S Pmith], Puritan, i. iv. I - . . 
by chance set upon a fat steward, thinking 
his purse had been as pursy as his body ; 
and the slave had about him the poor 
purchase of ten groats. 

18 [?]. H. LuTTRELL, Mayfeur (1837), 
II. 16. Of tedious M.P.'s, pursy peers, 
Illustrious for their length of ears. 

xSaow Irving, Sketch-Bock, 364. A 
short, pursy man, stooping ... so as to 
show nothing but the top of a round, bald 

<£i8|a. Crabbb, ^i^Tilx, iv. Z3. Sloth- 
ful and PURSY, insolent and mean, Were 
every bishop, prebendary, dean. 

C.T871. Th€ Silieuij xiv. The pursy 
man, whose Capital's his God. 

PU RTI NG - G LU M POT, Sitbs, phr, 

(common). — A salker. 

PUSEUM (The), subs. (Oxford Uni- 
versity). — The Pusey House in 
St. Giles's Sl 

Push, siU>s, (old). — i. A crowd; 
an assembly of any kind : e,g, 
(thieves') = a band of thieves ; 
(prisons') = a gang associated in 
penal labour ; (general) = a knot 
or party of people, at a theatre, a 
church, a race-meeting, &c. Fr., 
abadicy tigne, vade, tripe, (It., 
treppo ; O. Fr., treper = to press, 
to trample). 

1673. Wycherubv, Lev€ in a Wood, 
ii. I. I will not suy the push. They 
come ! they come I oh, the fellows come ! 

Z718. C. HiGGiN, Tru€ Disc, 13. 
He is a . . . thieves' watchman, that lies 
scoutinz . . . when and where there b a 
PUSH, alias an accidental crowd of people. 

1754. Disc, of John Poulter, 3a In 
order to be out of the push or throng. 

x8io. Vaux, Memoirs, s.v. Push 
. . . Wnen any particular scene of crowd- 
ing is alluded to, they say, the push . . . 
at the spell doors; the push at the 

x83a MoNCRiBPP, Heart 0/ London, 
iL z. He's as quiet as a dummy hunter in 
a PUSH by Honndsditch. 

Z853. JuDSON, Myst. 0/ New York, 
II. iL This is one ver grand push. 

1877. Davitt, Prison Diary. Most 
of these pseudo-aristocratic impostors had 
succeeded in obtaining admission to the 
stocking-knitting party, which, in conse- 

auence, became known among the rest of 
le prisoners as the " upper ten push." 

2. (thieves'). — A robbery ; a 
swindle : also as in sense i. 
Thus, * I'm in this push ! = * I 
mean to share ' — ^an intimation 
from one magsman to another that 
he means to stand in {q.v,), 

xTn^ Bridges, BurUsqut Homer, 
348. Tho' Now-a-days So bold a push 
Would make an honest Hebrew blush. 

3. (colloquial). — Enterprise ; 
energy : also pushery = forward- 

z8 [?]. D'arblay, Diary, iv. 45. I 
actually asked for this dab of preferment ; 
it is the first piece of pushery I ever was 
guilty oC 

Verb, (venery). — To copulate : 
see Greens and Ride : also to 


RANDOM PUSH ; and to play at 

PIN). Whence pushing-school 
= a brothel : %u Nanny-shop. — 
B. E. (<-.i696); Grose (1785). 

Z560. Rychardbs, Misogonus 
[Halliwell]. That can lay downe 
maidens bedds, And that can hold ther 
sickly beds : "That can play at put-pin, 
Blowe-poynte, and near Iin. 

Z633. Massinger, Duke of Milan^ 
iiu 3. This wanton at dead midnight. 
Was found at the exercise behind the arras. 
With the 'foresaid signoir . . . she woula 
never tell Who playd at pushpin with 

Z656. Men Miracles, Z5. To see the 
Sonne you would admire, Goe play at 
push-pin with his sire. 




lyaj. Wakd, Hudibrms Rtdiohnu, 
II. vu. 10. When at push-a-piicbwb play 
With beauty, who shall win the day? 

1750. RoBSRTSON of Struan, Poems, 
96. Push on, push on, ye happy Pair. 

177a. Bridgbs, BurUsqut Homer, 
337. They star'd like honest Johnny 
Wade, When he one evening with the 
maid A game at pushpin had begun. And 
mad ffm came before he'd done. 

Colloquialisms. — To gbt 
(or give) the push (or the 


discharged (or to leject), to be 
sent (or send) about one's busi- 
ness ; PUT TO THE PUSH (or AT 

A push) = subjected to trial, in a 
difficulty or dilemma (B. £., 

r.1696); TO PUSH one's bar- 
row = to move on ; at push 
OF PIKE = at defiance (B. E., 
r.1696). See also Face. 

c.xStOi Music Hall Song, * I'll say no 
More to Mary Ann.' The girl that stole 
my heart has given me the push. 

1886^ Marshall, * Pomes' ['A 
Meeting on the " Met " '1, 136. He felt 
like people do who gain The order or 
the push. 

189a Sims, Rondeau 0/ the Knock 
\Referee, 90 Ap.]. No more with jaunty 
air He'll have the push. 

1893. Emerson, Lippo, xx. She 
was always taking on new ones, for you 
GOT THE push in a year or two, arter you 
got too big. 

PU8H€D, adj. (common). — i. 
Drunk : see Drinks and 

2. (colloquial). — Hard up. 

1827. London Mag., xix. 39. 
was frequently pushed for money. 

Pusher, Jti^j. (old). — i. Seequot, 

^.1696. B. E., Did. Cant. Crew, a. v. 
Pushers, Canary-birds new Flown, that 
cannot Feed themselvea, 

2. (common). — A woman : sie 
Petticoat. Hence square 
PUSHER = a girl of good repu- 

3. (shoemakers'). — A blacher 
boot ; a high-low. 

4. (nursery). — A finger of bread: 
used by children with a fork when 

P\3SHIHQ-SCH00L, suds, pkr, (old). 

— I. A fencing-school. — B. E. 
(r.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

PU8HINQ-T0UT, subs. phr. (old). — 
See quot. 

1718. C HiGGiN, True Disc, i^ 
He is a pushing toute, alias thieves' 
watchman, that lies scouiin^ in and about 
the City to get and bring intelligence to 
the thieves, when and where there is a 
Push, alias an Accidental Crowd of People. 

PU8H-PIN. See Push, verb. 

PUM, siibs, (old). — I. Sometimes 
complacently used of a woman 
suspected of loose morals {cf. 
Cat) : but usually a playful en- 
dearment : e.g., ' little PUSS,' 
'saucy PUSS,* 'you puss, you.' 

1583. Stubbes, Anatomy of Abuses 
[New Shales. SocL 97. [Oliphant, New 
English, i. 6T4. The wcotl pussie b now 
used of a woman.] 

1631. Burton, Anat. Melon., in. 
IL iiL X. Pleasant names may be invested 
. . . puss . . . honey, love, dove. 

1664. Cotton, Vityrii Trmvestie (i$t 
ed.), 3. That cross-grained peevish scold- 
ing Quean, That scratching cater-wawling 

X761. CoLMAN, Feaious Wife, iL 3. 
Gone ! what a pox had I just run her 
down, and is the little puss stole away at 

xrra. Bridges, Burleme Homer, 
TOT. The Rainbow-goddess mes to Hden : 
Most modem puss I ever knew. 

PusS'gentleman. 333 


1859. BuoT, Adam Bede, ix* The 
UTTUt PUSS seems already to have airs 
enough to make a husband as miserable as 
it's a law of nature for a quiet man to be 
when he marries a beauty. 

Z885. F. LocKBR, ^oAr/. Mv jealous 
PussT cut up rough The day bdTore 1 
bought her muff With sable trimming. 

2. (sporting). — A hare, or 

i8ai. ScoTT^ /C€miw0rik, xxix. 
Thou shalt not give Puss a hint to steal 
away — we must catch her in her form. 

x886. FteU, a? Feb. Dusting her 
hare about half a aosen times up to the 
fence, where russ escaped. 

3. (venery).— The female /hi- 
dendum: see Monosyllable: 
also PUSSY and pussy-cat : Fr., 
cluU ; angora. Hence, TO feed 
one's pussy = to copulate. 

Z664. Cotton, Virgil TrmotsHe^ Z07. 
/Eneas, here's a Health to thee, To Pussb 
and to good company. 

4. (local Woolwich : obsolete). 
— ^A cadet of the Royal Militaiy 
Academy. [The uniform was 
a short jacket with a pointed 
tail : vide old pictures at the 
R.A. Institution, Woolwich.] 

PUS8-QENTLEIIAN,M^X./^r. (old). 

— An eflfeminate. 

Z781. CowPKi.CMrar., a8^ I cannot 
talk with Civet in tne room, A fine russ- 
GBNTLKMAM that's all peHume. 

Pussy-cat, subs. phr. (clerical).— 
I. A Puseyite. 

^ 2. See Puss, stibs,^ sense 4. 

Put, subs, (old). — i. A rustic; a 
shallowpate ; also COUNTRY PUT. 
— B. E. (r.1696); Grose (1785). 

x688. Shadwbll, Sg. ^ AltoHa^ L 
B*\ft ten, I always thou^t they had 
been wittiest in the Univemties. Skmm, 
A company of putts, meer putts. 

i7o8-xa Swift, P^litt CoMPersatiemt 
ii He's a true Countkv Put. 

1773. Bridges, Burlesque Homer, 
53Z. Orestes, la^, a country put. Got 
such a cursed knock o' th' gut. IHd,, 55. 
Just such a queer old put as you. 

1783. Chambaud, Diet., II. S.V. 

1847. Thackbray, Vanity Fair, i. 
xi. The captain has a hearty contempt 
for his father, 1 can see, and calls him an 

old PUT. 

2. (old). — A harlot : see Tart. 
[Fr. /K/oiif.] Hence putage = 
fornication. Also (3, venery) = 
an act of coition ; intromission : 

also to DO A PUT, TO HAVE A 
HANDED PUT: see Greens and 

^ f.i7aa DuRPBV, Pill* ic Purge, *^., 
vi. 351. My skin is White you see, My 
Smock above my Knee, What would you 
more of me, put in all? 

X730. Broadxide Seng, 'Gee ho, 
Dobbm ' [Farmer, Merry Songs and 
Ballads (1897), it 303). I rumpl'd her 
Feathers, and tickl'd her scutt. And 
played the round Rubber at two 

3. (Stock Exchange). — See 
quot. 1884 : also PUT AND CALL. 

X776. CiBBBR. Refusal, i. Gran, 
And all thu out of Change- Alley f WiU 
Every shilling. Sir ; all out of Stocks, 
Putts, Bulls, Rams, Bears, and Bubbles. 

x88x. BiSBBE and Simonds, Lam 
Prod, Ex., 50. A PUT is an option to 
deliver, or not deliver, at a future day. 

1889. Riaito, a3 Mar. Having a 
pocket order from the promoters, which 
gives him the put and call of as many 
shares as he requires for his purpose. 

Phrases more or less colloquial 
merit a mention: — To put off 
(-BY or -on) = (i) to baffle, 
delay, or dismiss, (2) to foist or 
deceive, and (3) to get rid of or 
sell : whence A put-off (put-by 
or PUT-ON), subs, = a shift, trick, 
or excuse ; TO put to = to ask 
a question, advice, &c. ; TO put 
DOWN = (i) to bodffle or suppress, 





PIN ; PIPE ; POT ; side ; spoke ; 
strong; time-o'-day ; tongue; 
war-paint; wrong-leg. 

POTNEY. Go TO Putney on a 
PIG, /kr, (common). — 5^»quot., 
and c/. Bath, Halifax, Hong 
Kong, Jericho, &c. 

1863. KiNGSLBV, Austin Elliot ^ xv. 
Now, in the year 1845, telling a man to 
GO TO PUTNBY, was the same as telling a 
man to go to the deuce. 

Putrid, €uij\ (common). — A depre- 
ciative: cf. awful, bloody, &c. 

190X. siting Times t 27^ April, i, 4. 
All beer is putrid, even when it's pure. 

Putter, subs, (old). — A foot i see 

1831. Haggart, LifSt 53. His 
ogles being darkened by the putter. 

Putter-on, subs, phr, (old collo- 
qaial). — An iiistigator ; a promp- 

x6oz. Shakspbajue, Henry VI I L, L 
a, 34. They vent reproaches Most bitterly 
on you, as putter-on Of these exactions. 
Ibid. (X604). IVinttf's TaUy ii. i, 14a 
Yon are abus'd, and by some putter-on 
That will be damn'd for it. 

Puttock, stibs, (old). — i. A whore : 
su Tart. 

Putty, subs, (American). — Monej: 
generic : see Rhino. 

1848. DuRivAGB, stray Subjects, 8a. 
* ni take that lot.' * You will V * Yes, 
Mister ; and yere's yer putty I ' 

2. (common). — A glazier or 

The putty and plaster on 
THE Solomon knob, pAr. 
(masons'). — An intimation that 
the Master is coming ; ' be 
silent I ' 

Puzzle (or Dirty- puzzle), subs. 
(old). — A slattern. 

1583. Stubbbs, Anatomy of Abuses 
[Naresj. Nor yet any droyle or puzzel 
. . . but will carry a nosegay in her band. 

Z59a. Shakspbarb, / Henry VI,, L 
4. Pucelle or puzzel, dolphin or dog fish. 

1607. Stephanus, ApoL for Herod., 
98. Some filthy queans, especially oiu- 
PUZZLES of Paris. 

Puzzle-cove (or cause), subs, 
(old). — ^A lawyer.— Grose (1785); 
Matsell (1859). 

PUZZLEDOM, subs, (old coUoquial). 
— Perplexity ; bewilderment : also 
puzzlement. Whence, puzzle- 
headed and puzzleheaded- 


1748. Richardson, Harlcwe, vl 
367. I was resolved to travel with him 
unto the land of puzzlbdom. 

z88z. Freeman, Venice, 79. The 
wonderful interior of the double basilica 
opens upon us. The first feeling is simply 


Puzzle • headed • spoon. See 


Puzzle-text, ^»^^. /;ir. (old).— A 
clergyman : see Sky-pi lot. — 
Grose (1785). 

PUZZLINQ arithmetic, Subs, pkr, 

(old gamblers').— A statement of 
the odds. 

16x3. Webster, Devits Lanthcase, 
ii. X. Studying a puzzling arithmetic 
at the cockpit. 

PUZZLINQ-STICKS,Xf^J./;ir. (old). 

— ^The triangle to which culprits 
were tied for flagellation.— Vaux 

PYQO8TOLE, subs, (clerical). —A 
M.B. waistcoat {q,v,), 

^ X844. Puck, \x. It b true that the 
wicked make sport Of our pygostoles, as 
we go by. 

1886. Graphic f lo April, 39. The 
M.B. coat, otherwise known as a pygq. 




X707. Shirlbv, Triumph 0/ Wit, 
'Ram-Mort's Praise.' &c. A quacking 
CMBAT, Or tibK>'>th''Duttr7 was oar meat. 

2. See Quacksalver. 

Verb, (old booksellers'). — See 
quot — Bailey (1726). 

17x5. Cbntlivrb, Gctkam ElecHom, 
, , . He has an admirable knack at 
QUAckiNG titles . . . they tell me when 
he gets an old good-for-nothing book, he 
daps a new tiue^ to it, and sell off the 
whole impression in a week. 

In a quack, phr, (Scots'). — 
In the shortest time possible : cf, 


Quackle, verb, (American). — To 
drink ; to gobble ; to choke : 
Bartlett (1847) : ' provincial 
in England, and colloquial in 

xtvj, RJEV. S. Ward, Sermons^ 153* 
The dnnk, or something . . . quacklbd 
him, stndc so in his throat so that hecoold 
not get it up nor down, bat strangled him 

1837. CarlvuBi Fr. Rtv&itUiam, il 
i. X. Simple docks m those ro]^ waters 
QUAOCLB for crumbs from young royal 

Quacksalver (Quacksalve or 
Quack), subs, (old : now recog- 
nised). --Originally a charlatan ; a 
travelling empiric who cackled 
abont his salves: shortened by 
Wycherley to quack, which now 
= any noisy, spedons cheat. Also 
as euij, andv^. — B. E. (f. 1696); 
Grose (1785). Whence quack- 
ery = professional humbug. 

1579. GossoH, School q/ Abuse [Oli- 
PHANT, New Eng^.f i. 604. He has the 
substantive quacksalvkr]. 

Z596. JoNSON, £v. Mom in Humour, 
UL a. All mere galleries ... I could say 
what I know . . . but I profess myself no 


1608. MmoLKTON, Meid IV&rld, u. 
6. Tut, man, any quack-salvinc terms 
will serve for this purpose. 

1635. Massingbk, Pari, ofJLove. iv. 
5. What should a quacksalvk, A fellow 
that does deal in drugs ... do with so 
fair a bedfellow. 

x67a. WvcHBRLKY, Love in a Wood, 
ill. Quacks in their Bills ... do not 
disappdmt us more than gallants with their 

Quad, siU>s, (colloquial). — i. A 
quadrangle. Hence as verb. 
(Rugby) = to promenade Cloisters 
at 'calling over* before a football- 
match. Also QUOD (q»v.), 

1840. CoUegiaui Guide, ^^. His 
mother . . . had been seen crossing the 
QUAD in tears. 

1855. TuoLLOPSf Warden, v. The 
QUAD, as it was familiarly called, was a 
small quadrangle. 

x88^ Daily News, 14 Oct, 5, 1. 
His undignified nickname is carved in the 
turf of the college quad. 

2. See Quod, subs, and verb. 

3. (common). — A horse ; a 
' quadruped.' 

T885. En^. lU. Mag., April, 509. 
The second rider . . . got his ffKllant 
quad over, and . . . went round the 
course alone. 

4. (cyclists'). — A bicycle for 

Qu>EDAM, subs, (old). — A harlot : 
su Tart. 

1693. Hackbt, Life 0/ WiUiams, 
iL Z98. A seraglio of Quacdams. 

Qu>E-GEMES, subs, phr. (old).— A 
bastard : cf. Johnny Qua- Genus y 
a character title. 

Quaff, verb, (old : once and still 
literary in the weakened sense 2). 
— I. To carouse (B. E., ^.1696): 
also TO QUAFF OFF ; and (2) to 
drink with g^sto. Quafftidk 
(Stanyhurst) = the time of 

QUAQ, subs, (old). —-Marsh-land; 
a quagmire. — B. E. (<-.i696) ; 
Grose (1785). 

Quaker City. 



x889. Daily TeUgra^h^ y> Dec. , 6, x. 
Gangways and quarter-decks bnstling with 
guns and lower portholes rendered fdmnid* 
able to the eye by those sham wooden 
pieces called quakbks, because they were 
never fought. 

Stbwbd-quakbr, subs, phr, 
(American colloquial). — A remedy 
for colds: composed of vinegar 
and molasses (or honey), mixed 
with butter and drank hot. 

Quaker City, subs. phr. (Ameri- 
can). — Philadelphia. [William 
Penn, its foander, belonged to 
the Society of Friends.] 

Quake r'8 bargain, subs. phr. 
(old). — A bargain * Yea ' or 
* Nay * ; a * t2ce-it-or-leave-it ' 

z6q7. Vanbrugh, Prev. IVi/e, ii. 
Lady F. At what rate would this ... be 
broug^ht offT . . . Htart. Why, madam, 
to drive a Quaker's bargain, and make 
bat one word with you, if, &c 

Quaking-cheat, subs. phr. (old). 
— I. A calf; and (2) a sheep. — 
B. E. (f.1696) ; Grose (1785). 

Qualify, verb, (venery). — To co- 
pulate : set Greens and Ride. 

Quality (The), subs, (once lite- 
rary, now colloquial or vulgar). — 
The gentry ; the upper ten 
Wy.'S : ^. * the dignity* applied 
(PATTEN, 1548) to nobles m the 
arm^. Whence quality- air = 
a distinguished carriage. 

Z5Q9. Smakspbare, Henry V. , iv. , 8, 
04. The rest are princes, barons, lords. 
Knights, squires, and gentlemen of blood 

XToa Centlivrb, Ptijured Hut- 
bastdf III., iL 'Tis an insnfferable fault, 
that QUALITY can have no pleasure above 
the vulgar, except it be in not paying their 

1719. Smollitt, Gil Bias (Ronr- 
LBDGBj, Z06. They have themselves 


Z857. A. Trollopb, Barehtster 
Towers, xxxv. Thb 9UALITV, as t^e 
upper classes in rural districts are desig- 
nated by^ the lower with so much true dis- 
crimination, were to eat a breakfast, and 
the NON-QUALITY were to eat a dinner. 

Qualm, subs, (old : once, and 
still, literary). — *A stomack-fit; 
also calmness.' Also qualmish 
= 'crop-sick, queasy stomackt' 
— B. E. (^.1696). 

Quandary, subs, (colloquial). — A 
difficulty or doubt ; ' a low word' 
(Johnson, i 755). Also as verb. = 
to hesitate; to puzzle. — Grose 
(1785)- [.S^quot. 1563.] 

£.1440. Relig. Pieces [E. E. T. S.], IL 
The sexte vertue es strengthe . . . euynly 
to suffire the wele and the waa, welthe or 


Z563. FoxB, Acts and Monu9tu9tis 
[OuPHANT, New. Eng. L 54a The k is 
prefixed ; the old wetndrethe (turbatio) 
becomes quandary]. 

Z590. Grbbnb, Never Too LaU 
\Wks. viii, 84]. Thus in a quandarib, he 

diSsS' Rbv. T. Adams, Works, i. 
505. He QUANDARIES whether to go for- 
ward to God, or ... to turn back to the 

i68z. Otway, Soldier's Foriutu^ iiL 
I am quandarVd like one going with a 
party to discover the enemy s camp, but 
nad lost his guide upon the mountains. 

1748. Smollbtt, Rod. Ramdomf 
liv. Throw persons of honour into such 
quandaries as might endanger their lives. 

Z874. Mrs. H. Wood, Joktu^Lnd' 
loWf z S., No. XXIII., 434. Sam Kimmer 
sat looking at her as if in a quandary, 
p;ently rubbing his hair, that shone again 
m the sun. 

Quantum, subs, (common). — As 
much as you want or ought to 
have : spec, a drink ; a go (^.v*)* 
Whence quantum suff = 




Quat, subs, (old). —A dwarfish 
person : also (occasionally) a 


z6o«. Shaxspbawb, OtJuUsj v. z. 
I have robbed this young quat aunost to 
the sense, And he grows angry. 

160Q. Dbkkkr, Gultt Horn Bo<^ 
▼u. Whether he be a ]roang quat of the 
first yeare's revennew, or some austere and 
sullen-faced steward. 

16x3. Wbbstxr, Dtoilt Lmu Ctue, 
O young QUAT ! incontinence is plagued in 
all creatures in the world. 

V€rb, (common). — To ease the 
bowels : also TO GO TO quat. 

QUATCH, adj. (old). — Flat. 

1598. Shakspbarb, Altt JVgU, ii 
9, x8. Like a barber's chair that fits all 
Imttocks; the pin-buttock, the quatch- 
buttock, . . . oranybuttodc 

QuATRO, adj. (showmen's). — Four. 
[From the It] 

Quaver, subs, (common). — A 

QuAViRV-WAVERY, adj. and adif. 
(old : dialectical). — Undecided. 

ijAg, Smollbtt. GH BUu [Rout- 
LBDCBJ, 338. Standing . . . quavbry- 
WAVBKV Mtween life and death. 

Quay, adj. (American thieves'). — 
Unsafe ; antnistworthy. 

Quean (or Queen), subs. — i. 
Primarily a woman : without re- 
gard to character or position. 
Hence (2) = a slut, hussy (^.v.), 
or strumpet : TO PLAY THB 
QUEAN = to play the whore. — 
B. E. (r.1696); Bailey (1725) ; 
Grose (1785). Whence quean ry 
= (i) womankind ; (2) harlotry ; 
and (3) the estate of whoredom. 

1363. Langland, Purt Plcnmumy 
ix. 4& At churche in the chamel cheories 
aren jruel to knowe, Other a knyght fro a 
knaue other a qubynb firo a qubbnb. 

1383. Chaucbx, Mmneipls's Tmle, 
ProL, x8. Hastow with som qubnb at 
nyght yswonke. 

(?J Scott, Chrm, S. P.,^ iii. x^B. 
Qnhair hurdome ay unhappis With 
QUBNKY, cannis and coppis. 

X59X. Harington, Ariost^ xzxv. 96. 
Penelope was but a qubanb. 

1591. Nashb, Christ t Ttar§t\Gvtx>- 
sart, Works (x8 . .), iv. S34^ Every 
qubanb vaunts hersdfe of some or other 
man of Nobility. 

X596. SHAKsrsAXB, Merry JVtvos, 
hr. a. A witch, a quban, an old cocening 


X596. JoNSON, Ev. Mam in HumauTf 
hr. 8. Kih. A bitter quban I Come, we 
^1 have you tamed. /iuL (x6ox), 
Poetastor, iv. x. She's a curst ^uban, 
tell him, and pUys the scold behmd his 

.... Watkyns in Hbvwaxds 
Qmimt, L X43 [Narbs]. If once the virgin 
conscienc e plays thb quban. We seldom 
after care to keep it dean. 

x6xx. MiDDLBTON, RoariMf Gtrlt iL 
X. There are more qubans in this town of 
their own making than of any man's pro- 

C.1613. Flbtchbr, Nieo Vahur^ iL x 
(Dycb, z. vi6\ A man can in his life- 
time make out one woman. But he may 
make bis fifty qubans a month. 

x6x4. Timss Whistle (E. E. T. S.], 
45. Flavia because her meanes are some- 
what scant. Doth sell her body to relieve 
her want. Vet scomes to be reputed as a 


x63x. Burton, Anai, Melon., L 11. 
iv. 6. A base quban. IHd.^ III. 11. L s. 
Rahab, that harlot began to be a professed 
{^UBAN at ten 3rears or age. Ibid., IIL 11. 
ii. X. They are commonly lascivious, and 
if women, qubans. Ibid., III. iL ii. 5. I 

rsrceived ... by the naked qubans, that 
was come into a bawdy-house. 

X634. Ford. Perkin Warbeck, ii. 3. 
I never was ambitious Of using congees 
to my daughter-queen^A queen 1 perhaps 


r73x. Cofpby, Devil to Pay^ L a. 
Where are my sluts? Ye drabs, ye 
QUBANS—lights there I 

1777. %W8xaiiM, School f^rSceuidMl, 
tii 3. Here's to the flannting extravagant 


Queen Elizabeth, 343 Queen's College. 

Dudman and Ramehead meet; 
when the world grows honest; 
when the Yellow River runs 
clear ; on the 31st Jane (or some 
other impossible date) ; once in a 
blue moon ; when two Sundays 
come in a week ; when the devil is 
blind (or blind drunk) ; at Dooms- 
day; one of these odd-come- 
shortlys ; when my goose pisses ; 
when the ducks have eaten up the 
dirt ; when pigs fly ; on St 
Geoffrey's day (Gross). 

French synonyms. — Dans 
uns semaine de trots ou quatre 
jeudis ; Mcu^di ^il fait chaud 
(obsolete) ; Dimanche aprh la 
grande messe ; quand les pouUs 

z69x-3. GtntUmen's Journal^ Feb., 
15. And then from Qukbn Dick got a 
patent On Charlton Green to set up a tent. 

1664. St4uui€trd, 1% Dec A bus 
driver in altercation with his conductor, 
who threatened him with pajring off soon, 
replied, Oh yes, in thb rbign op Qubbn 

Queen Elizabeth, i. 5^«Qubbn 

2. (thieves').— The street-door 
key : su Betty. 

Queen Elizabeth's Pocket- 
pistol, subs, phr, (old).— *A 
brass cannon of a prodigious 
length at Dover Castle.'— B. E. 
(c, 1696). 

X751. Smollbtt, Pgr, PickU, xzjciv. 
The company walked up hill to visit the 
castle, . . . where tney saw Qubxn 
Elizabbth's pockst-pistol. 

QUEENITE, subs, (obsolete). — A 
partizan of Queen Caroline. [The 
consort of Creoige IV.] Cf, 


xZxL. SoUTHBY, Tkg Doctor, Interch., 
xW. Be thought small beer at that time 
0f some very great patriots and Qubbnitbs. 

Queen - of - holes, subs. phf^. 
(venery). — The female pudendufn: 
see Monosyllable. 

i/.z68o^ RocHBSTER, On the Charms 
ofHiddon Trtasure [IVorks (17Z8X i> 9^1 
Thou mighty Princess, lovely Qubbn or 
Holes, Whose monarchy the bravest man 

Queen - of - the - dripping pan, 

subs. phr. (common). — A cook. 



Queen's (or King's) Ale, subs, 
ihr, (old). — ^The strongest ale 

Z574. Burgh Rec. Glasgow (1876), i. 

Tnat thair oe na derare aill sauld nor 
sax penneies the pynt, and that the samya 
be KiNGis AILL and verraye guid. 

Queen's bad-bargain (or Shil- 
ling).— 5^ Q. H. B. 

Queen's Bays (The), subs. phr. 
(military). — The Third Dragoon 
Guards, now " The Bays." [The 
Corps were (^.1767) mounted on 
bay horses ; the other heavy regi- 
ments (except the Scots Greys) 
having black.] 

Queen's Bus, subs. phr. (thieves'). 
— A prison van : Black Maria 
(o.v.) ; also Her Majesty's 

Queen's (or King's) Carriage (or 
Cushion), subs. phr. (common). 
— An improvised seat: made by 
two persons crossing and clasp- 
ing hands, the oder holding both 
b^ers round the neck ; as 


1818. Scott, Heart 0/ Midlothian. 
viL He was now mounted on the hands <n 
two of the rioters, clasped together, so as 
to form what is callea . . . thb King's 


Queen's College. — See Col- 


Queen's English. 344 


Queen'8 (or King's) Enqlish, 
subs, pkr, (colloquial). — The 
English language correctly written 
or spoken. 

150J. "^MSA^Strangt Newes. [Gro- 
SAJtT, Works^ iL Z84I. He must be running 
on the letter, and abusing the^ Qukbnbs 
Engush without pittie or merde. 

C.Z604. Shakspbarb, Merry IVmes 
(played c.i6oo), L 4, 6. Abusing of God's 
patience and the King's English. 

Z836. E. Howard, J?. RufitTf xxxv. 
They . . . pot tkb King's English to 
dei^ so charmingly. 

1869. Alford, Plea for the Qubbn's 
Engush [Title]. 

x886. Oliphant, New Eng^Ush^ i. 
9X9. King Henry V. com^ before us, 
and we may now fairly begin to talk of 
King's Engush. 

Queen'8 (or King's) Head, subs, 
phr, (common). — A postage- 

X843. MoNCRiBPP, Scamps of Lon- 
doHf L 9. On that oocasaoo iron sent me 
a qubbn's hbad, politely inviting me . . . 
to . . . advance you a few hundreds on 
your personal security. 

Queen's-herb, Jt^J./^. (old). — 

Queen*8 (or King's) Picture (or 
Portrait), subs, phr, (old). — i. 
Money : generic : see Rhino. 
Also (2 — spec.) = a sovereign ; 
20/- : hence TO draw the 
Queen's (or King's) picture (or 
portrait) = to coin money. — 
B. E. (r.1696) ; Grose (1785)- 

1633. Brome, The Court Beggar 
[Works (i87^X >• asB], v. a. This picture 
drawer drew it, and has drawm more of 
THB King's picturbs than all the limners 
in the town. 

X706. y/ ARDt' Hudiirus RedhnvMS, 
I. vik 96. In short, Qubbn's picturbs, 
by th^ features. Charm all d^rees of 
human creatures. 

1845. ^ DiSBABU, SyM, III. L I have 
been making a pound a-weck these two 
months past, but, as I'm a sinner saved, I 
have never seen thb young Qubbn's pic* 
TURB yet. 

1858. Mayhew. PoKfed nnih G^UL 
III. iiL 265. 'I've Drought a ooujde of 
bene coves, with lots of thb Qubbn's 
PICTURBS in their sacks.' 

1887. Jady, 9 J April, aoa. While 
had the Qubbn's portrait in oar pockets 
we were well received everywhere. 

Queen'8 (or King's) 

PIPE. — See 

Queen'8-8TICK, subs, phr, (com- 
mon). — A stately person. 

Queen Street. To live in 
Queen Street (or at the sign 
of the Queen's Head), verb, 
phr, (old). — To be mider petti- 
coat - government (^.v.^ — 
Grose (1785). 

Queen's-woman, subs, pkr, (mili- 
tary). — A soldier's trull : su 

1871. Royal Commission on Coml. 
Dis, Act, [Report]. Some of them are 
called Qubbn's Wombn. and consider 
themselves a privH^ed class, and exhibit 
the printed order to attend the periodical 
examination as a certificate of headth. 

Queer (Quire or Quyir), subs, 
and adj, (Old Cant : now in some 
senses colloquial or accepted). — 
A generic depredative : crimi- 
nal, base, counterfeit, odd 
(B. E., ^.1696, and Grose, 
1785) : cf. Rum. Later usages 
are (i) = out of sorts or seedy 
{a,v, ) from drink, sickness, or acci- 
aent ; (2) unfavourable or unpro- 
pitious; and (3) strange or cranky 
{(j,v,) : whence also queers 
(if^i.), queered, and queery. 
Thus (old) QUEER-BAIL = fraudu- 
lent bail, straw -BAIL {,q,v,) ; 
QUEER-BIRD = a jail-bird, a con- 
vict ; queer-bitch = ' an odd, 
out-of-the-way fellow' (Grose); 





qubbr) = base money, coin or 
notes (whence qubbr-shovbr ; 
TO shovb thb qubbr = to 
pass coanteifeit money; and 
QUBBR-BIT MAKBR = a coiner) ; 
qubbr-blufpbr = a cnt-throat 
innkeeper ; qubbr • boozb = 
poor Up, SWIPBS iq^v,) ; 
qubbr -BUNG = an empty 
parse ; qubbr • chbckbr = a 
swindling box-keeper ; qubbr- 


person strange in manner or views 
(also, in //. = qubbr-cattlb) ; 
^UBBR-CLOUT = a handkerchief 
not worth stealing ; qubbr-colb- 
MAKBR = a coiner ; qubbr-colb- 
FBNCBR = a receiver (or utterer) 
of base coin ; qubbr • covB 
-BIRD, -CULL, or -gill) = (i) a 
rogue, thief, or gaol-bird, (2) a 
fop) (3) A fool, and (4) a shabbily- 
dressed person; qubbr-cuffin 
= (i) a magistrate, a bbak 
(^.v.), and (2) a charl ; qubbr- 
DBGBN = a poor sword ; 
qubbr-divbr = a bungling pick- 
pocket ; QUBBR-DOXY = (i) a 
jilting jade, and (2) an ill-dressed 
whore ; qubbr-drawbrs = old 
or coarse stockings ; qubbr-dukb 
= (i) a decayed gentleman, and 
(2) a starveling ; quber-'bm 
(qubbr-' UN or qubbr-'um) = 
the gallows; qubbr- fun = a 
bungled trick ; qubbr - kbn 

(or QUBRR • KBN - HALL) = (l) 

a prison ; and (2) a house not 
worth robbing ; qubbr-kicks = 
tattered breeches ; qubbr-mort 
= a dirty drab, a jilting wench, a 
poclnr whore ; qubbr-nab = a 
shabby hat ; qubbr- pbbpbr = (i) 
a mirror of poor quality, and (2), 
in pi. =: sqmnting eyes ; queer- 
PLUNGER = a cheat working the 
drowning man and rescue dodge ; 

qubbr- PRANCBR = (l) a 

foundered whore, and (3) an 
old screw ; qubbr-roostbr = a 
police spy living among thieves; 
queBr-topping = a frowsy wis ; 
QUEER -wedge = faose gold ; 
QUBBR-WHIDDING = a scokUng ; 
QUEER-GAMMED = crippled ; TO 

QUBBR =s to spoil, to get the 
better of ; to be queered = to be 
drunk ; TO tip the queer = to 
pass sentence ; to be queer to 
(or ON) = (i) to rob ; (2) to treat 
harshly ; in Queer Street = 
(i) in a difficulty, (2) = wrong, 
and (3) = hard-up. — Awdelby 
(1560) ; Harman (1567) ; Row- 
lands (1610) ; Head (1665) ; 
B. E. (r.1696); Coles (1724); 
Bailey (1726) ; Parker (1781) ; 
Grose (1785); Vaux (1812); 
Bee (1823). 

X56a AwDBLBV, FraUmityg oj 
VacaiomUst 4. A QUiRX bird is one that 
came lately out of prison, and goeth to 
seeke seruioe. 

X567. Hakman, Caveat t 85. It is 
oovBR BOUSB (it is small and naoghtye 

x%l92. Grebnb, Qut^ [Grosart, 
IVorkM (z8 . .) xi. aSaJ. You can lift or 
nip a bounge like a quirs coub, if you 
want pence. 

z6o8. "DmcKXK.LanthortuaHdCaH- 
dlelirkt [Grosart, Works (188 ), iii 003]. 
To the QUiER CUPPING we btng. Ihd, 
196. In canting they terme a Justice of 
peace, because he punisheth them belike 
(by no other name tnan by quibr cuppin, 
that is to say, a Churle, or a naughty manX 
Ibid. Then to the queer ken, to scoure 
the Cramp-ring. 

16x0. Rowlands, Martin Marh-aiL 
'Towre out ben Morts.' And the <^uirx 
COVBS tippe the lowre. Ibid. Qut if we 
be q>id we shall be dyd, And carried to 


x69s. FurrcKBR, B9gga$*t ButA, 
We the CVPPINS qubrb defy. 

X707. Shirley, Triumph ^ Wil 
(Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1S96X 3<]. 
Duds and Cheats thou oft has won, Vet 
the cuppiN QUIRE couldst shun. 




X894. Mooue, Esther IVaUrtt xlL 
It was not his habit to notice domestic 
differences of opinion, especially those in 
whidi women had a share— quiler cattlb 
that he knew nothing about. 

Z898. Pink *Un and PeUcem^ a^a 
He hardly ever uttered the spurious coins 
himself . . . and, consequently, seldom 
had any queer about his person. 

2. (old). — Seeqfioi, 

1818. EcAN, Baxiami, 11. 433 [Note]. 
pUBXR, a term made use of by the dealers 
in sootj signifying a substitute imposed for 
the onginal article, inferior in point of 
value, 4d. per bushel. 

3. (common). — A quiz (^.f.) ; 
a look ; a hoax : also queer- 
QUISH. As verd. = (i) to ridi- 
cule, and (2) to distinguish or 
divine, to spot {^.v.) ; queerer 
= a quizzee ig.v,). 

c. 1790. Old Scngf ' FUuk Man 0/ St. 
GiUs's' \Busy Bet . . .] And quber'd 
the flats at thrums, E, O. 

18x4. CoLMAN, Poetical Vagaries^ 
14^. A shoulder-knotted puppy, with a 
grin. Queering the thread-bare curate, let 
him in. I hid 150. These wooden wits, 
these quizzers, qubbrers, smokers. 

z8i8. Scott, Midlothian^ xxvi. 
" Wha is he, Jeanie ? — whais he ?— I haena 
heard his name yet — Come now, Jeanie, ye 
are but queering us." 

X833. Byron, Don JnoH^ xL 19. 
Who in a row like Tom could lead the van. 
Booze in the ken, or at the spell ken hustle ? 
Who queer a flat ? 

1844. Puchy 13. I'm as hap]^ o'er 
my beer as anyone that's here. And if need 
comes can queer a bargee again. 

x8«7. Punchy 31 Jan. , 40. ' Dear Bill, 
This Stone-jug.' In the oay-rooms the 
cuffins we queer at our ease. 

1899. Henley and Stevenson, 
Deacon Brodie, v. ic Have a queer at 
her phiz. Ibia. Tab. 11. a. Let's have 
another queer at the list 

2. (old). — Cute; knowing; FLY 

X789. PAJtKSOi, Sandman's H^edding, 
'Air, u. For he's the kiddy rum and 

Vgrd, (common). — i. Su 
subs. 3. 

2. (common). — To spoil ; to 
outwit; to perplex. Iience TO 
QUEER A PITCH (cheap Jacks and 
showmen) = to spoil a chance of 
business ; to queer the noose 
OR stifler = to cheat the hang- 
man ; TO QUEER FATE = tO get 
the better of the inevitable ; TO 
QUEER THE OGLES = to blacken 
the eyes. — Grose (1785) ; Vaux 

z8i8. Scott, Afidlcthiant xxiiL I 
think Handle Dandle and I may queer 
THE STIFLER for all that is come and gone. 

Ibid, If the b queers the noose, 

that silly cull will marry her. 

18x9. Old Songt 'Young Prig' 
[Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1896), 83]. 
There no queering iate, sirs. 

1836. MiLNER, Turpin's Ride to 
Yorky i. 9. I can queer these brither 
blades of the road. 

1843. MoNCRiEPP, Scfunps 0/ Lon- 
don^ ii. 3. I'll QUEER them yet. 

1875. Frost. Circus Life^ 978. Any 
interruption of their feats, such ^ as an 
accident, or the interference of a policeman, 
is said to queer the pitch. 

1886. Referee^ ai Feb. Endeavours 
made to queer a rival's or an antagonist's 
pitch. Ibid. (1889), a6 May. Why 
should not our non-professors' little game 
be queered? 

1 891. Morning Advertiser^ 97 Mar. 
His pitch being queered he marched to 
another point, but here he found the police 
in possession. 

190a Prte Lance, 6 Oct., 90, 3. 
That's the third show she's queered thb 
season. I believe she'd sink a ship. 

Queer (fine, odd, or tight) 


/Ar. (old). — Out of order or sorts, 
not knowing why : also as queer 
as dlck*s hatband that went 
nine times round and 
wouldn't meet.— Grose (1785). 




1748. Dychb, DicLt 8.V. Quid, so 
much tobacco as a person can uke between 
-his tbumb and two fore-fingers, when cut 
small, in order to put into his mouth to 

177X. Suotunr. Humphry Clinktr, 
Kj. A larse roll of tobacco was presented 
by way of dessert, and every individual 
took a comfOTtable quid. 

1836. Michael Scott, Cruisg 0/ 
Midgt^ Z03. Wait until ]rour wound gets 
better. Surely you have not a quid in 
your cheek now? 

1889. Dmily TglegrM^ i Jan. A 
deleterious custom^that oTchewing quids. 

3. (venery). — The female pu- 

Verb, (American). — To puzzle ; 
to embarrass. 

See Quip. 

Quidnunc, subs, (colloqaial).— -(i) 
A person curioos, or professing, 
to know everything. [Latin = 
•What now?']. Hence (2) a 
politician. [Popularised by a 
character in Murphy's Upholsterer 


1709. Stbblb« Tatter^ No. 10. 
" The insignificancy of my manners to the 
rest di the world, makes the laughers call 
me a quidnunc, a phrase which 1 neither 
undcrauuxl, nor shall never enquire what 
thty mean by it.' 

Z739. PoPK, Ihmciadj L sTa This 
the great Mother dearer held than all The 
dubs of Quidnuncs, or her own Guildhall. 

z8z8. MooRB, Fudge Famify^pL 8r. 
Or Quidnuncs, on Sunday, just fresh from 
the barber's Enjoying theur news. 

1886. AiJkemeum, 6 Nov. 595, i. 
What the masses believed . . . and what 
the QUIDNUNCS of Ixmdoo repeated, may 
here be found. 

Quid pro Qvo, phr. (colloquial). — 
A tit for tat ; a Rowland for 
AN Oliver (^.v.) : an equivalent. 


1565. Calphill, Amsw. to Martiail 
[Parker Soc.). [Oliphant, New Eng. L 
571. Among the Romance words are . . . 
QUID PRO QUO, Tom Fool . . .] 

1599. Shakspbarb. / Hen, IV, v. 
3. I cry for mercy, 'tis but quid for 


z6o8. Middlbton, Mad World, iL 
Let him trap me in gold, and I'll lap him 
in lead ; quid pro quo. 

x6zi. Chapman, Maydmjft L a. 
Women of Uiemselves . . . would retuni 
QUID POR QUOD Still, but we are they that 
spoil 'em. 

Z77S. Bridges, Burlesque ^ Homer ^ 
aSa. Unless she lets her conscience go, 
And gives the knave a quid pro quo. 

z8aa CoMBB, Sjmtmx, 11. iiL I 
shall be able With all adr reasoning to be- 
stow What you will find a quid pro quo. 

189a Grant Allbn, Tents o/Sk^m. 
X. A QUID PRO 9U0, his friend sugi^eated 
jocosely, emphasising the quid with a 
facetious stress. 

QuiEN, subs, (common). — A dog. 

1861. Rbadb , Cloister aud Hemrth 
iv. * Curse these quiens,' said he. 

QuiER. See Queer, passim. 

Quiet. On the Quiet. See 
Q. T. 


one's NOSE, phr, (colloquial).— 
Uneasy; restless. — Ray (1670). 

Quietus (or Quietus est), subs. 
(colloquial). — A form of finality ; 
a settling blow ; death, &c. : 
originally = a quittance or pardon. 

C.I 537. Latimbr. Remains [Pftrker 
Soc.], 309. [You will] have jrour quibtus 


X596. Shakspbarb, Hamlet. ilL z. 
"Who would fisrdels bear . . . When he 
himself might his quibtus make With a 
bare bodkmT" 

177a. Rridgbs, Burlesque Homer^ 
3x7. Nestor's in danger, stop and meet us. 
Or Hector gives him his quibtus. 

Z89T. Lie, Vic. GaM.t 3 Ap. After a 
contest which lasted for the nest part of an 
hour and a>balf, M'Carthy received his 






1899. Bksant, Ormnge Girl^ as. An 
overwhelmine disgust fell upon my soul as 
I thought of the . . . long hours . . . 
DRIVING THE QUILL all the day. 

Quill • pipes. See Quail - pipe 


QuiLLCT. See Quibble. 
Quilt, subs, (old). — A fat man. 

Z598. Smakspkarb, / Hen, IV.^ iv. 
9. 53. How now, Bloun Jack T How now, 

The Quilt, subs, pkr, (Ame- 
rican). — ^The Union Jack : cf, 


Verb, (common). — To beat ; TO 
TAN (^.v.) : hence quilting =a 
rope*s-ending. — Grose ( i 785 ). 

i8az. Egan, Real Li/€^ i. 351. They 
were a set of cowardly rascals, and de- 
served QUILTING. 

</.i8a8. Randall's Diarv^ 'To Mar- 
tin.' Turn to and quilt the NonpareL 

1840. CocKTON, VaUntine Vex, xiL 
"Bless his little soul, he shall have a 

Quilting, subs, (obsolete Ameri- 
can). — A patchworking- party 
with a spree at the end : seeaWB., 

zSas. Nbal, Bro. Jcnathan. i. 7. 
* Where is Edith? 'said he, at UsL 'Gone 
to a quiltin.' 

1843. MaJ. Jont^ Courtship ^ viii. 
My time is tuck up with so many things 
.... goin to QUiLTBNS and partys of 
one kind another. 

1847. HoBB, Squatter Life^ 5^4. As 
sharp as lightnin', and as persuadin as a 
young gal at a quiltin*. 


BOX, or Quin), subs, (venery). — 
The female pudendum : su Mo- 
nosyllable. Hence QUiM - 
stake (or WEDGE) = the penis*. 
see Prick ; quim-sticker = a 
whoremonger ; su Mutton • 
monger; quim-sticking(quim- 

MING, or QUIM - wedging) = 

copulation: see Greens; quim- 
BusH (-wig, or -whiskers) 
= the pubic hair : su Fleece. — 
Grose (1785). 

1613. Old Play in Rawl. MS. (Bod- 
leianX '^Tumult' [Haluwbll). "I tell 
3rou, Hodge, in sooth it was not cleane, it 
was as black as ever was Malkin's qubmb." 

C.1707. Broadside Ballad^ 'The Har- 
lot Unmask'd ' [Farmer, Merry Songs 
and Ballads (1897), iv. 111]. Tho' her 
Hands they are red, and her Bubbles are 
coarse, Her quim, for all that, may be 
never the wofse. Ibid, On her quim and 
herself she depends for support. 

1847. Halliwkll, Archaic , . . 
IVordSf S.V. QuBME ... (3) the same as 
the old MTord qneint, which, as I am in- 
formed by a correspoodent at Newcastle, 
is still used in the North of England by 
the colliers and common peoi^e. 


Quip, subs, (old colloquial). — i. A 
play upon words ; a jesting or 
evasive reply ; a retort ; and 
(2) a trifling critic. — B. E. 
(r.1696); Grose (1787). Also 
as verb, = (i) to trifle ; to jest ; 
to censure; and (2) to criticise. 
Variants more or less allied 
in meaning and usage are con- 
veniently grouped : e,^., quib, 
quill, quibble, quiddle, 
QUIBLET (also, mod. Amer. : the 
patter between turns in negro 
minstrelsy), quidlet, quillet, 
QUiBLiN, and quidlin; Sir 
Quibble Queers (quibblbr, 
quipper, or quiddler) = a 
trifler or shatter-brain {^,v, ) ; 
quibbling (or quiddling) = 
uncertain, unsteady, or mincing (of 
gait) ; QUIDDIFICAL = triflingly. 

149a Andrew of Wyntoun, Ckroni- 
ele [Laing (1873) . . .). [Oliphant, New 
English, L 229. There is the Celtic word 
QUHYPB (quip s a quick turn or flirt. 

1 571. Edwards, Damon ^ Pitkeas 
[DoDSLEY (Old Plays, 1744), i. 279]. Set 
up your buffing base, ana we will quiddle 
upon it. 




Qui-TAM, subs, phr, (old).— 5«^ 
qnot 1864. Hence qui-tam 
HORSB = ' one that will both 
cany and draw' (Gross, 1785). 

178s. Parker, Humorous Sketches. 
z8^ A lawyer [speaks <^ John Doe ana 
Ridiard Roe, terms^ vacations, Quitams, 
processes and execntions. 

18^3. MoNCRiBPP, Scamps <(f LoH' 
d^H, \u a. The quitam lawysr, the 
quack doctor. 

1864. HoTTBN, SUuig Diet, s.v. 
QuI'Tam, a solicitor. He who, ue., " he 
who, as much for himself as for the Kinp;," 
seeks a conviction, the penalty for whtch 
goes half to the informer and half to the 
Crown. The term would, therefore, with 
greater j)ropriety, be applied to a spy than 
to a solicitor. 

QUIU8-KIU8, tHt/. (theatrical).^ A 
warning to silence. 

Quiver, suds, (venery). — The fe- 
male pudendum : see Mono- 

c.i6oo-aa Old Bedlad, *A Man's 
Yard ' [Farmer, Merry Songs and 
Ballads {^^l^^x. \x\ And every wench, 
by her owne will, Would keep [it] in her 
QUIUSE still. 

Quiz (or Quoz), subs, (colloanial). 
— I. A pnzzle ; a jest ; a hoax : 
also QUizziFiCATiON ; (2) a jest- 
ing or perplexing critic ; also 
quizzbr; and (3)any odd-looking 
person or thing. As verb, = to 
oanter ; to pume ; to confound. 
Hence quizzical (or quizzi- 
cally) = jocose or humorous ; 
TO QUizziFY = to make ridicu- 
lous. — Gross (1785) ; Bbb 

1719. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], 147. Women of light character 
. . . play the comedy of love in many 
masks, ... as they fall in with the quiz, 
the coxcomb, or the bally. 

Z797. D'Arblav, Diary, vL 238. I 
cannot suffer you to make such a quiz of 
yourself, /btd, vL 187. These and his 
spout of satire are mere quizziness. Ibid. , 
Carmilla (1796! vii. ix. What does the 
old QUOZ mean r 

1797. CoLMAN, Neir at Lana, iv. 3. 
Dick. What a damn'd eig vou look like. 
Ptutgloss. A gig ! Umpb ; tnat's an Eton 
phrase— the Westminsters call it quiz. 

180^ C K. SHKK?K[Cerresp<»ulence 
(1888),. I. 17]. Billy Bamboozle, a quizzer 
and wiL 

180^ Edceworth, ^f/iMdk, ix. You 
have talcen a fancy to the old quizical 
fellow. Ihid., xL After all, my dear, the 
whole may be a quizzipication ot Sir 

18x5. Scott, Guy Manmeriti£, iiL 
What were then called bites and Ixsms, 
since denominated hoaxes and quizzes. 

x8i8. Austen, NartJumger Abbev, 

£3. Where did you get that quiz of a 
at? it makes you look like an old witch. 

Z830. Poole, Turning the Tahles, 
z. 111 quiz his heart out. 

184a LvTTON, Paul CliJjMl, vL 
Stab my vitals, but you are a comical quiz. 

Z855. Thackebay. Neweemes, lix. 
The landlord of the " Kmg's Arms ** looked 
knowing and quizzical, ibid,, Ixii I 
don't thmk it's kind of you to quiz my boy 
for doing his duty to hu Queen and to his 
father too, sir. 

1856. C Bronte, Pro/esser, iiL He 
was not odd— no quiz— jret he resembled 
no one else I had ever seen before. 

Z837. Ckklylm^ Diamond N^lace, 
X vi. How many fugitive leaves quizziCA l, 
imaginative, or at least mendaaouH, were 
flying about in newspapers. 

Z909. Henley [Hazlitt, Works, i. 
XXL). And dead is Burke, and Fox is 
dead, and Bj^ron, most quizzical of lords. 

2. (American students'). — A 
weekly oral examination : also 
spec., notes made and passed on 
to another : hence QUiz-class, 


&C. ; QUIZ-MASTER = a tutor or 
COACH {,q,v,). Also as verb, = 
(i) to attend, and (2) to conduct 
such a class. 

3. (general). — A monocular 
eye-glass: also quizzing-glass. 

Z843. Thackeray, Irish Sketch 
Book, xxiv. The dandy not uncommonly 
finishes off with a horn quizzing-olass. 

Ml J See Three R's. 

I ^jR9 AUIT, SU&I. (old). 

(ontempt : hence 


rabbit) = an inno- 
ceitt fool ; ' Voang UntbrifU 
tmkine np Goods apon Tick at 
excessive Ratei.'-B. E. (^.1696); 
Gross (1785). Cf. Poet-suc- 

6. (old). — A Dew-bom babe. 
Whence rabbit-catchbr = a 
midwife.— Grose (1785)- 

.UC.Et Ibid.,»^«./K, Li. =. Any 
yan wboroon, upcigbt h&ibit, iway 1 

BIT 1 and DRABBIT ! cf. DRAT = 
God rot it I [Od, 'd = God + 

160a. DsKiiEii, Leattksmt mud 
CamdllUfM IGIOSART, tfki. riaSfi), iii. 
"Ml Tbii hsurbe being ditwd dom* by 
tbe RAmirr-sucKCiis >lm»I kiU tbeir 
bam, »nd i. ««. .olhen, .h^. n.bbing 
on tb« necko to Conniet 

• Rabbit UwfdloM'l'criol.e. 

...■74H- Shollitt, Rea. Ramdam, 
■TiiL Raoit it I 1 have ForiM oJt 

a. (old), — A wooden drinking 
can ; also rabit.— B. E, (f.1696) ; 
Gross (1785). 

.Sgi. Praii4 «/ Ytrklhirt AU, I. 
SlTODtbccT In HABITS Rnd cbealing penny 
cuu, Thite [dpes for Iwo-pcncc and men 

1 184S, cany- 
j dead rabbits and dncks as 
emblems of victory.] 

4. (political). — See qflot, 

iS«e. //«M •/ CiimmKH EbcHim 

Ctmmittitit IReponJ. Out of £m . . . 

be had pud b numbei of rooks and 

KABBiTS. ... Id KtTwnl it wi* uited 

Live rabbit, tuit. fir. (»e- 
nery).— The fenii : see Prick : 
also RABBiT-PiB = a whore r su 
Tart. Whence to skin thb 


KABBIT-PIS) = to copulate ! lee 
Grbbns and Ride. 

Phrases.— To buy the rab- 
bit = to get the worst of a bar- 
gain; FAT AND leak, LIKE A 
RABBIT {ut qnoL l^oS-Io) ; TO 

DEAD FERRET— to undertake a 
bnainess with improper or nselesi 
means (Rav, 1760): also see 
Wblsh- Rabbit. 




1843. Carlvle, Past and Prtstni^ 
II. i. A blustering, dissipated human 
figure . . . tearing out the bowels of St. 
Edmundsbnry Courent ... in the most 
ruinous way by living at rack and 
MANGRR there. 

Rackabimus, subs, (Scots').— 5'(0« 

x8o8. Jamiesok, Did. s.v. Racka* 
BiMUS. A sudden or unexpected stroke or 
fall ; a cant term ... It resembles 


Rackaboncs (or Rack-of-boncs, 

subs, (Ameriom). — A skinny 
person or animal ; a bag of 
BONES {q.v.) ; a shape (f.t^.)- 

i86a. New York Tributu^ 13 June. 
He is a little afraid that this mettlesome 
charger cannot be trusted goin^ down 
hill ; otherwise he would let go ot the old 
RACKABONBS that hobbles behind. 

Racket, subs, (old).— i. A confu- 
sion, sportive or the reverse : 
whence (2) generic for disorder, 
clamonr or noisy merriment 
(B. E., r.1696) ; also (3) any 
matter or happening (Grose, 
1785) ; also = a general verb of 
action. Thus, to racket about 
(round, through, &c) = to 
go the rounds at night ; TO GO 


to make a disturbance ; ' What's 
THE RACKET?' = * Wliat's going 

on ? * ; TO BE IN A RACKET = 

to be part in a design ; to 
on a matter {see quots. 1785 and 
1851, and cf. RIG, LAY, &c. : 
whence racket-man [thieves'] 
= a thicO ; TO STAND the 
racket = (i) to pay a score, and 
(2) to take the consequences ; 
WITHOUT racket = without a 
murmur; TO TUMBLE TO the 
racket = (i) to understand, to 
TWIG (^.v.)f a^d (2) see quot. 
1890 ; rackety (or racketty) 

= (i) noisy, and (2) dissipated ; 


a whoremonger or spreester 

1565. P A R K B R, Corresp<mden£e 
(Parker Soc.X '»^^- I send ^ou a letter 
sent to me of the racket stirred up by 
Withers, of whom ye were informed, for 
the reformation of the university windows. 

1508. Shakspeare, 2 Hen. IV. iL a. 
That the tennis-court keeper knows better 
than I ; for it is a low ebb of linen with 
thee when thou keepest not racket 

1609. JoNSON, Cmse is A lUrtd^ iv. ^ 
Then think, then speak, then drink theur 
sound again, And racket round about 
this body's court. 

1678. Cotton, VirgU Travtstie 
\Works (1735) zoo]. And leads me such a 
fearful racket. 

z6q8. Uimaiural Mother [Nares]. 
Yonder has been a most heavy racket 
. . . there is a curious hansom gentle- 
woman lies as dead as a herring, and 
bleeds like any stuck pig. 

c. 1707. Old Ballad ^ ' The Long Vaca- 
tion • rDuRFBV, puis (1707), iii. 65]. We 
made such a noise. And con[found]ed a 
RACKET ; My Landlady knew, I'd been 
searching the placket. 

r75i. Smollett, Pickle ^ ii. ^ Goblins 
that . . . keep such a racket in his house, 
that you would think ... all the devils 
in hell had broke loose upon him. 

Richardson, Grandison^ i. 
shall be a racketer, I doubt. 

1767. Sterne, Tristam Skemdy^ ii. 
6. Pray, what's all that racket over our 

1773. Bridges, Homer BurLy 381. 
Without the least demur or racket. 

1785. Grose, Vulg. Tongue^ s.v. 
Racket. Some particuutr kinds of fraud 
and robbery are so termed, when called by 
their flash names ... as the Letter- 
rackbt ; the Order-RACKET ... on the 
fancy of the speaker. In fact, any game 
may be termed a racket ... by preflx- 
in.c thereto the particular branch of dcpre* 
dation or fraud in question. 

1789. Parker, Lifis Painter^ 
' Happy Pair.' And stood the racket 
for a dram. 

1800. BVRON. Liiui to Mr. Hodgson. 
Then Id 'scape tne heat and racket Of 
the good ship, Lisbon Padcet. 

XI7. I ! 




f. 1861-5. Mat. Downtni's LeiUrs, 93. 
We have killed Calhoun and Biddle ; but 
there is a kapt of fellows to put down yet. 

1886. PkiL Timgs, 34 Oct. This 
last spring a rapt of them (senrinf girb] 
was out of emplojnnent. 

Raq, subs, (old). — Generic : (i) in 
//. = clothes, old or new ; whence 
(2), in sii^. = a tatterdemalion, 
a ragamumn, anyone despicable 
and despised ; and (3) anything 
made oat of textile stuff (as a 
handkerchief, shirt, nndergrad's 
gown, newspaper, and exercise- 
[or examination-] paper). Hence 


TAiL (or FAG end) = one and 
all, the common people (Grose, 
1785) ; TAG-RAG = tattered, vil- 
lainous, poor, disreputable ; rag- 
MANNBRED = Violently vulgar; 
RAGGERY = duds, esp. women*s : 
Fr. chiffons \ rag-bag (or rag- 
doll) = a slattern ; rag-trade 
= (l) tailoring, (2) dressmaking, 
and (3) the dry-goods trade 
in general ; rag-stabber = a 
tailor, a SNIP (^.v.); rag-tacker 
= (i) a dressmaker, and (2) a 
coach-trimmer ; rag-sooker (or 
SEEKER) = ste quot. 1878 ; RAGS- 
AND-JAGS = tatters ; TO have 


comfortably off (Ray, 1760) ; TO 

TIP one's rags a GALLOP = tO 

move, depart, get out ; TO get 

one's rag (or SHIRT) OUT = 

(i) to bluster, and (2) to get 
angry; TO rag out = (i) to 
dress, to clobber up {q.vJ)\ 
and (2) to show the white rag : 
see White Feather. 

1 535. Bygod [Oliphant, Neva Eng. , 
L 481. Bygod has 'your fathers were 
wyse, hoth taggb and rag ' ; that is otu 

154a. Udall, ApopK Eras, (Oli- 
phant, Ntw EMg,t L 1484. Phrases like 
. . . not a RAG to bang about him . . .\ 

1583. Stanvhurst, yEneis [Arber], 
31. Thee northen bluster aproching Thee 
sayls tears tag rag. 

1507. Shakspbarb, Richard 111.^ 
V. ^ Thoe overweening rags of France. 
Ibtd. (i6ze), CorieUtnu*^ iu. 4. Will you 
hence Before the tag return. 

1597. Hbvwood, Timen [Five Plays 
in One, p. xo]. I am not of the ragcs or 
PAGG BKD of the people. 

1633. JONSON, Timg VindieaUd. 
The other zealous ragg is the compositor. 

T659-60. Pepys, Diary f 6 Mar. The 
dining-room was full of tag-rag-and- 
bobtail, dancing, singing, and drinking. 

1698. CoLLiBR, Eng. Stagtf aso. 
This young lady sweaus, talks smut, and 
is . . . just as RAG-MANNBRBD as Mary 
the Buxsome. 

16 [?]. Nursery Rkynu. Hark, 
hark ! the dogs do bark, The Beggars 
come to town. Some in rags, and some in 
JAGS, And some in velvet gowns. 

1706. Ward, Wocdin World j 73. 
While he has a Rag to^ his Arse, he scorns 
to make use of a Napkin. 

1708-10. SyfiVT, Polite CanoersatioH. 
i. Lady Answ. Fray, is he not rich? 
Ld. Sparkisk, Ay, a rich Rogue, Two 
Shirts and a Rag. 

X749. Smollett, Gil Bias [Rout- 
ledge], 166. A sorry rag of a cassock. 
Ibid,, 173. A band of robbers . . . left 
us not a rag but what we carry on our 

1785. WoLCOT [Works (1819), L 80J. 
Tagrags AND Bobtails of the sacred 

1800. CoLQUHOUN, Comm. Thames^ 
ii. 75. That lowest class of the community 
who are vulgarly denominated the Tag- 
Rag and Bobtail. 

181 1. Moore, Tom Crib, 37. One 
of Georgy's bright ogles was put On the 
bankruptcy list, with its shop-windows 
shut ; While the other soon made quite as 

TAG* RAG a show. 

C.1819. OldSongr, 'The Young Prig 
[Farmer, Musa Pedestris (1896). 83. 
Frisk the dy, and fork the rag. 

x83a Byron, Blues, iL 33. The 
RAG, TAG AND BOBTAIL of those they Call 

1840. Dickens, Bturn. Rudge, xxxv. 
We don't take b no tagrao and bobtail 
at our house. 




CZ879. N0rth Am, Rev. [Century]. 
Fortunately the 'specie basb' of the 
national banks is now chiefly paper— the 
RAG-BABY — three hundred and lorty-six 
millions of greenbacks. 

5. (service). — A flag : spec, 
the Union, but also the regi- 
mental colours. Hence kag- 
CARRIER == an ensign (Grose). 

x86 [?). Whitman [in Century ^ xxxvL 
8a7l. It cost three men's lives to get back 
that four-by-three flag— to tear it from the 
breast of a dead rebel — for the name of 
getting their little rag back agun. 

c. 187a Music Hall Scnfj ' John Bull's 
Flag.' In India Nana Sahib flew, when 
Campbell showed the flag, At Trafalgar, 
too, when Nelson fell, he died before thb 


1899. Kipling, Barrack - Room 
Ballads *TYit Rhyme of the Three Cap- 
tains,' Dip their flag to a slaver's rag 
—to show that his trade is fair. Ibid., 
*The Widow at Windsor.' You won't 
get away from the tune that they play To 
the bloomin' old rag over 'ead. 

1901. Hbnlby, For EngUuuTs Sake, 
* The Man in the Street.' And if it's the 
RAG of RAGS that callf us roaring into the 
fight, We'll die in a glory. 

6. (actors* and showmen's). — 
(i) The curtain; whence (2) a 
denouements i,e.,& " curtain " = 
a situation on which to bring 
down the drop ; rags -and - 
STICKS = a travelling outfit : see 
quots. passim* 

1875. Atkenaum, 24 April, 545* 3. 
Rags b another uncomplimentary^ term 
applied by prosperous members of circuses 
to the street tumblers. 

X876. HiNDLEY, Ckea^ J*tck, 99. 
Sawny Williams . . . was horrified at 
finding his rags and sticks, a5 a 
theatrical booth is alwai^ termed, just 
as he had left them the overnight. 

z886. Referee, ao June. Poor Miss 

A was left for quite a minute before 

the rag could be unnitched and made to 
shut out the tragic situation. 

1897. Marshall, * Pomes,' 44* 
Which brought down the rag on no end 
of a mess. 

7. (military). — The order of 
THE RAG = the profession of 
arms ; rag-fair = kit inspec- 
tion (Grose). See Rag-and- 

1751. FiBLDiNG, Amelia, 11. iv. It 
is the opinion which, I believe, most of 
you young gbntlbmbn op thb ordbr op 
THE RAG deserve. 

8. (common). — The tongue : 


(B. E., r.1696; Dyche, 1748; 
Grose, 1785) ; (9) = talk, banter, 
abuse. As verb, =: (i) to scold ; 
(2) to chaff ; and (3 — American 
University) to declaim or com- 
pose better than one's class-mates : 
see Ragtime. Whence rag-box 
(or -shop) = the mouth ; rag- 
saucb = (I) chatter, and (2) 

cheek (q.V.)l RAGSTER = a 

bully or scold ; A dish of red- 
rag = abuse ; to chew the 
RAG = (i) to scold, and (2) to 


HOLIDAY = to be silent ; TOO 
much red rag = loquacious. 

i830h CoMBB, Syntax, Consolations, 
IV. For well I know by your glib tongue. 
To what fine country you belong. And if 
your RBD RAG did not show it, By your 
queer fancies I should know it. 

z8ax. Egan, Li^e in London, i\. iv. 
* Hang you ! ... if you don't hold that 
are red rag of yours, 111 spoil your 
mouth.' Ibid. Ante, of Turf, 183. She 
tipped the party such a dish op rbd rag 
as almost to create a riot in the street. 
Ibid (1842), Jack Flaskmsm [in Captain 
Macheath]. Here's the rag-saucb of a 

1896. Broton, My Mugging MeUa 
[Univ. Songst. iii. Z03]. Say, mugging 
Moll, why that rbd-rag ... it now so 

1876. W. S. Gilbert, Dan'l Druce, 
L Stop that cursed rbd rag of yours, 
will youT 

1883. Anstby, yice - Versa, xiv. 
" You're right there, sir," said Dick ; " he 
ought to be well ragged for it" 

Rag-and'/atnish, 363 



subs,phr, (military). — The Anny 
and Navy Club. 

1864. Yatbs, Broken to Ham»s$^ iv. 
From the Doctor's I went to thb Rag and 
found Meabum there. 

1864. Sala, Quite Alone y xiii. Thb 
Rag and Famish seems to me a most pala< 
tial edifice, superb in all its exterior 

1877. PuncKt Pocket-Book (1878X 
17a. There's a Major I know who belongs 
to the Rag. 

1887. Lovbtt*Cambkqn, Ntek or 
Notkingi L The very smartest and best- 
looking man to be met with between thb 
Rag and Hyde Park Comer. 

1890. D. Telegrapk^ 19 Aug., 5, a. 
The genial " Rag' welcomes the s^pa* 
thetic spirits of the Naval and Military 
with open arms. 

Rao- BABY, subs, phr, (American). 
— The policy advocated by Green- 
backers ; inflation of the currency 
as a panacea for financial ills. — 

Raqe, verb, (old : colloquial). — To 
wanton : hence ragerib = wan- 
tonness ; skittishness : cf. Rag, 
subs, 10. ' 

1383. Chaucbr, Cmnt, Taies^ 'Mit- 
er's Tale/ !• 87. On a day this hende 
Nicholas Fil with thb yonge wyf to racb 
and pleye. Ibid. , ' Merchant's Tale,' I. 603. 
He was al Coltissh, fill of ragbryb. 

1393. GowER, Confess, Ammn. L 
She began to plaie and ragb, As who 
saith, I am well enough. 

C.X440. Rtliq, Antiq.f i ao. When 
sche seyth ^llantys revell j^ hall, Yn here 
hert she tbinkys owtrage, Desyrynge with 
them to pley and ragb, And stelyth fro 
yow full prevely. 

The rage (or all the rage), 
phr, (colloquial). — The fashion ; 
the vogue ; the go (q.v,), 

1785. Tke New Rosciad, 37. 'Tis 
THB ragb in this great raging Nation, 
Who wou'd live and not be in the fashion 7 

1857. A Trollofb, Three Clerks^ 
XXXV. You don't know how charming it 
is, and it will be all thb kagb. 

1868. Spbncbr, SocieU Statics 178. 
In our day thb ragb for accumulation has 
apotheosized work. 

X885. Daily Ckroniele, 16 Sep. Cri- 
terion was ALL THB RAGB. 

RaQ'FMR, subs, phr, (old).— I. See 
quot. 1S92; and (2) see Rag, 
subs, 7. 

1748. Smollbtt, Rod. Random^ 
xxvii. Mr. Morgan's wife kept a gin-shop 
in Rag-Fair. 

1773. Bridgbs, Homer Burlesque^ 
SK>5. One kept a slop-shop in Rag Fair. 

189a. Sydnby, English and ike Eng- 
lish in 18M Century^ 1. 3a. Situated in 
the parish of St. Mary, Whitechapel, near 
the Tower of London, was the district 
called Rag Fair, where old clothes and 
frippery were sold. 

Raqqco-ARSC, adj,phr, (vulgar). — 
Disreputable ; tattered ; spoiled. 
Ragged-arse brigade = the 
baser sort ; tag-rag-and-bob- 
tail; 'Tom Dick, and Harry.* 
Ragged-arsb reputation (or 
virtue) = one gone to tatters. 

RAQQCO,a^'. (rowing). — Collapsed. 

Raqq ED- BRIGADE, subs, phr, (mili- 
tary). — Thirteenth Hussars. Also 
"The Green Dragons"; "The 
Evergreens"; and "The Great 
Runaway Prestonpans.^' 


Raqqed-Soph. See Soph. 

Raqqed Robin, stdts, phr, (pro- 
vincial). — A keeper s follower 
(New Forest). 

Raqman (or RAaEMAN), subs, (old). 
—The devil. Also (2) su Rig- 

1363. Langland, Piers Plowman^ 
xix. 133. Filius hy the faders wil flegh 
with Spiritus Sanctus, To ransake that 
ragbman and reue hym has apples. That 
fyrst man deceyuede thorgh frut and false 




3. (costers*). — A sovereign; 
HALF-A-RAiNBOW=ten shillings : 
su Rhino. 

Rainbow- CHA8C, subs, phr, 
(common). — A run after a 
dream; a wild-goosb chase 
{o.v.), [From the folk-story of 
the pot of gold found where the 
two points of a rainbow touch the 

x886. St. /onuses G^t*-* > June, xa 
A fact which had led Mr. Rylands off a 
RAINBOW.CHASB after a visionary Chan* 

Rain-nappcr, subs. phr. (old). — 
An umbrella ; a mush {q.v,), 

xSa^. MoNCRiBPr, Tom attd Jtrry^ 
ilL 4. My hat and rain-nappek there ! 

Rainy- (or wet-) day, suhs, phr. 
(common). — Hard times ; whence, 


= to provide against necessity or 
distress.— Grose (1785). 

d, 1626. Andrtwi Sermons [Ang. Cath. 
Lib. (i 841-3), iL 346]- This ihe^r caught 
as an advantaige we see, and laid it ap for 
a RAINY DAY, and three jrears after, out 
they came with it. 

x66a. FuLLBR, Wcrthits^ xi. Erro^ 
suth the Miser, part with nothing, but 
keep all against a wbt day. 

1836. EvBRBTT, Oratiims. l 985 
The man whose honest industry (ust gives 
him a competence exerts himself that he 
may have something against a rainy day 

1885. Exftning Standard ^ 93 Oct. 
They most in prosperous times put by 
something for a rainy day. 

Raise, subs, (colloquial). — An im- 
provement in conditions. 

1848. RorroN, Far IVgst, jg. If we 
don't make a raisb afore long, I wouldn't 
say so. 

1886. PAil Times, 6 Ap. No further 
difficulty is anticipated in making perma- 
nent the raise of the freight blockade in 
this city. 

Verb, (old : now American 
colloquial). — To rear: of human 
beings, crops and cattle. 

1597. Shakspbakb, Richard III. ^ 
V. 3, 347. A bloody tyrant and a homicide ; 
One raised in blood. 

X744. Math. Bishop [Oliphant, 
New Eng.t ii. X64. A child is raised 
(bred up) . . . this is still an American 

X768. Franklin, Letter to /. 
Alleytu^ 9 Au^. By these early marriages 
we are blest with more children ; and . . . 
every mother suckling and nursing her 
own child, more of them are raised. 

X85X. Allin, Home Ballads^ t%. 
Rhody has raised the biggest man, Con- 
necticut, Tom Thumb. 

1869. Stowb, Oldtomn Folks^ 98. 
Miss A^hjrxia had talked of takin' a child 
from the poor-house, and so raisin' her 
own help. 

X887. Lippincott's, August, 3^8. I 
was born and raised 'way down in the 
little village of Unity, Bfaine. 

189a Literary Worlds 31 Jan., xoa, 
a. She was raised in a good frunily as a 
nurse and seamstress. 

See Bead ; bill ; bobbery ; 
BRISTLES ; Cain ; dander ; 
DASH ; dead ; DEVIL ; HAIR ; 
hatchet ; HELL ; MARKET ; 

mischief; muss ; nbd; organ; 
RACKET ; roof ; row; rumpus; 


Raise-mountain, subs, phr, (old). 
— A braggart. 

Rake (Rakehell, Rakehel- 


(old: now recognised). — A dis- 
reputable person ; a blackguard, 
esp. a whoremonger; 'one so 
bod as to be foand onlv by raking 
hell, or one so reckless as to 
rake hell * {Century) : also * Rake 
HELL and skin the dcYiland you'll 
not find such another.* — Harman 
(1573); Cotgrave (1611, s.v. 
garmment) ; B. E. (r. 1696) ; 
Grose (1785). Also, as verb. 




(Ray) ' more apt to pull in and 
scrape up, than to give oat and 
communicate : also vice versa ' ; 
LBAN AS A KAKB = as lean as 
may be. 

1381. Chaucer, Ca$U. TaUt^ ProL, 
289. As LBNB was his hors as is a rakb. 

d.iS20, Skblton, Pkyllyp Sparemt^ 
9x3. His bones cnke, Lbanb as a rakb. 

z«8a. Stanvhurst, Mntis [Arbbr], 
89. A meigre lbanb rakb with a long 

x6i z. CoTGRAVR, Dtct, , s. V. Moigrt, 
Maigre comme pies, as lbanb as Rakes 
(we say). 

1614. Tertnce in EnglUk [Narbs]. 
C. Woe is me for you, carrib vou such 
HBAViB RAKES, I pray you ? M» Su^h is 
iby desert. 

C.Z739. Gay, Works (1784), n. 115. 
Lean as a kakb with sighs and care. 

Raker (or Rake-kennel), subs, 
(old). — A scavenger : also Jack 

i6xz. Tarlbton« Jests, When the 
cart came, he asked the rakbr why he did 
his bosinease so slacldye. 

C.X704. Gtntltman Instructed^ 445. A 
club of rakb-kbnnbls. 

To GO A RAKBK, Vtrb pkr, 

(racing). — To bet recklessly ; to 
PLUNGB (q,v,). Hence, rakbr 
= a heavy bet. 

18841. Hawlby Smart, Post to 
Finish, i. If Bill Greyson takes the Leger 
it will be with Caterham. I am standmg 
him a raker, and I mean standing him 

1891. S^ortsmtm, a§ Mau*. Jennings, 
whose usual oettiog limit is very moderate, 
indeed, stood to win a rakbr this time 
over Lord George. 

RALLY, subs, (theatrical). — The 
roagh-and-tnmble work after the 
transformation scene in a panto- 

1880. Sims, Zr/?, x68. Then, when 
the company found out the trick, the 
waiters, who were all supers, started a 
rally, and threw the things at each other. 

1885.^ D, Teltgra^ht z6 Nov. Pro- 
vide comic actors, pantomimes, rallies, 
and breakdowns. 

Ralph, subs, (American). — i. A 
fool : also Ralph Spoonbr. — 
B. E. (r.1696); Gross (1785). 

2. (printers*). — A mischief- 
mongering deus ex machind : the 
supposed author of the tricks 
played on a recalcitrant member 
of a CHAPBl {q,v.). 

Ram, subs, (American University). 
— I. A practical joke ; a hoax. 

2. (venery). — An act of coition : 
hence, as verb, = to possess a 
woman : cf. Ramrod and see 


Thb rams, subs, phr, (Ameri- 
can). — Delirium tremens : see 

To ram onb's facb in, verb, 
phr. (American). — ^To intrude ; 
to meddle. 

Ramaqious, adj, (old). — 'Un- 
tamed, wild.'— Coles (171 7). 

Ram-booze (or -buzc). See Rum. 

Rambounqe, subs, (Scots').—' A 
severe brush of labour . . . most 
probably a cant term.' — Jamib- 


RAMBU8TIOU8, Rambunctious, 

SHACKLE, Ramstruqenous, 

and similar words. See Rum- 

Ramcat (or ran -cat cove), subs, 
phr, (thieves*). — A man wearing 




1605. Shaksspbarb, Cymbeimtt u 
6. Should be make me Live like Diana's 
priest, betwixt cold sbeets ; Wbiles he is 
vaulting variable ramps, In your despite. 

Z614. JoNSON, Btxrtkohnnevit Fair^ 
iv. 3. Peace, you foul ramping jade I 

x6o7. Poor Robin. To duel ram> 
pant Miss on a soft Bed. 

1739. FiBUDiNG, AfistTf iv. 15. The 
young fellows of this age are so rampant 
that even degrees of icindred cannot re- 
strain them. 

1749. Smollbtt, Gii Bias [Rout- 
lbdgb], 69. A chauming woman . . . 
open to fldl msmkind . . . Let me see how 
many rampant chaps have been brought 
to their bearings . . . without the . . . 
husband being waked out of his evening 

3. (thieves*). — A robbery with 
violence (Vaux, 1812) ; (4) = a 
swindle ; whence (5) = a footpad ; 
and (6) = a trickster : also ramps- 
man and rampbr: cf. Rush. 
As verb. = (i) to rob with 
violence ; (2) to blackmail ; and 
(3, racing) to bet against one's 
own horse; ramping {adj.) ^ 
violent ; ramping-mad = noisily 
drunk ; TO ramp and rbavb = 
to get by fair means or foul 

1830. MosCRiKF p, Heart o/Londomt 
iu z. And ramp so plummy. 

Z840. Lytton, Paul Clifford^ vtii. 
The latter personage, giving him a pinch 
In the ear, shooted out " Ramp, ramp ! " 
and Paul found himself surrounded in a 
trice by awbolebost of ingenious tormen- 
tors . . . this initiatory process, techni- 
cally termed "ramping," reduced the 
bones of Paul, who fought tooth and nail 
in bis defence, to the state of magnesia. 

1859.^ Matsell, Vocabulum. It is 
their business to iostle or ramp the victim, 
while the file picks his pocket. 

1876. ^ RuNCiMAN, Cheautrs^ 7. A 
man wno is a racecourse thiel and rampbr 
hailed me affably. 

z88a G. R. Sims, How the PoorLwe^ 
X. These . . . were mostly ramps, or 
swindles, got up to obtain the gate>money. 

x88^ Punchy a6 May, 352, i. " Look 
'ere, thu hinnocent cove has been tiyinjg a 
ramp on !" Crowd. Welsher 1 kill him I 
Welsher I 

1885. ChamS. Journal^ a8 Feb., 136. 
He is a hamper and bully to a couple of 

1880. Kipling, CUartd [in The 
Scots Observer\. They never told the 
ramping crowd to card a woman's hide. 

7. (thieves'). — A hall-mark. 
[A ' rampant lion ' forms part of 
the essay stamp for gold and 

Z879. HoRSLSV. Jottings from fail 
\Macm, xL 500]. Tney told me all about 
the wedge, how I should know it by the 


Rampaqe, verb, (colloquial). — To 
storm ; also ON the rampage = 
(i) in a state of excitement, from 
anjger, lust, violent movement, or 
drmk. Whence rampaging 


(i) furious, HOT (^.9.)f wild, or 
outrageous : and (2) loud (^.v.) : 
whence rampageousness. Also 


(i) a Hector; (2) a vagabond; 
and (3) a wencher. 

1729. Hamiltoun, fVaOace, 944. 
Psewart rampag'd to see both man and 
horse So sore rebuted, and put to the 

Z768. Ross, Helenere^ 61. He ram- 
paged . . And lap and danc'd, and was in 
unco' mood. 

x8i6. Scott, Antiquar^^ v. The 
young gentleman was sometimes heard 
. . . rampanging about in his room, just 
as if he was one o' the player folk. 

1893. Galt, R. Gilkaiu, i. 4a His 
present master was a saint of punty com- 
pared to that RAMPAGious CardinaL 

1837. Dickens, Pickwick^ xxiL A 
stone statue of some rampacious animal 
. . . distinctly resembling an insane cart- 

1858. DiCKKNS, GreiU Expectations, 
XV. Joe . . . followed me out into the 
road to say ... on the rampage, Pip, 
and opp THE RAMPAGE, Pip— such is Life. 

x86a Tennyson, ViUag* Wi/e, vU. 
An' they rampaged about wi'^ their 
grooms, and was 'untin' arter the men. 




Ranqe, verb, (old vcnery). — To 
whore ; to grousb {q.v,).—B, E. 
(^.1696). Whence RANGER = (i) 
a whoremonger ; and (2) the 
penis {see Prick) : cf, the school- 
boy rhyme — * Ye bitch of brass, 
hold up yoar arse Till I get in 


Ranqer, subs, (old.)~l. A high- 

2. (old). — In pi. = mounted 
troops using short arms : ef. Con- 
naught Rangers (late 88th and 
94th Regiments). 

3. See Range, verb. 

Rank, adj, (old colloquial).— i. A 
generic intensive : unmitigated ; 
utter (B. E., r.1696; Grose, 
1785; Vaux, 1819): e.2,, A 
RANK LIB = a flat falsehood ; 
A RANK KNAVE = a rogue of the 
first water ; A rank outsider 
{see Outsider) ; a rank swell 
= a pink of &shion ; A rank 
DUFFER = a downright fool ; and 
so forth. 

X46s-7a Mallory, MorU *t Arthur 
[E. E. T. S.] 1.940a. The rbnkk rebelle 
baa been un-to my round Table, Redy aye 
with Ronuynes I 

d.x^M, Surrey, jEnid, IL Whose 
■acred fiUetes all besprinkled were With 
filth of gory blod, and venim rank. 

15061 Shakspearb, HamleU l."j.4» 
148. Rank corrupUon, miniog all wiihin, 
Infectj unseen. 

f.i6i6L Flbtcher, Bonduca^ iv. a. 
Run, run,- ye rogues, ye precious rogues, 
ye RANK rogues. 

d,l^x^ Addison, M€tn of the Town, 
What are these but rank pedants. 

1834. AiNSWORTH, Rookwoodi HL V. 

"A RANK scamp!" cried the upright 
man ; and this exclamation, however equi* 
vocal it may sound, was intended to be 
highly compumeotary. 

1894. MooRB, Esther WaUrSy xxx. 
I saw that the favourites had been winning. 
But I know of something, a rank out> 
sider, for the Leger. 

2. (American). — Eager ; 
anxioas ; impatient {Century^ : 
e,g, ' I was RANK to get back.' 

Verb, (common). — ^To cheat 

Rank -AND- RICH E8, subs, phr, 
(rhyming).— Breeches = trousers. 

1887. Sims, ToiHt \Referte, 7 Nov.]. 
And right through my rank-and-richbs 
Did my cribbage-pegs assaiL 

Ran ker, subs, (military). — An 
officer risen from the ranks : cf. 

1878. Besant and Ricb, By CeHd* 
Arbour, xxxiL Every regtment has its 
rankers; every banker his story. 1 
should be a snob if I were ashamed of 
ha^dng risen. 

1886. Si. Jmmes's Gas., a June, is. 
The new Coast battalion, most of whose 
officers are rankers. 

Rank-rider, TM^f. /Ar- (old).— i. 
A highwayman ; and (2) a jockey. 
See Ride, verb. Whence rank- 
riding = rough-riding. — B. E. 
(<-.i696) ; Grose (1785)- 

161a. Drayton, PolyoUnon, UL aS. 
And on his match as much the Western 
horseman lays As the rank.riding Scots 
upon their Galloways. 

Rannack (or Ranniqal), subs. 
(old). — A good-for-nothing. 

Ran N EL, subs, (old Cant).— A 
whore : see Tart. 

i6oa Gab. Harvey, Pierces Su- 
perer. Although she were a lusty rampe 
. . . yet she was not such a roinish 
RANNEL, such a dissolute Gillian-flirt. 

Ransack, verb, (old).— To grope 
iq,v.) ; to deflower ; * to explore 
point by point.'— B. E. (t.1696). 

T48 5. Mallory, Mortt dA riAur, x. 
dv. And anone he ransakybo him. 





Z7[?]. P. KiRKDBN. SteUts. ACt u. 
^15. Many randies infest this country 
rota, the neighbouring towns and the 

X773. Bridgbs, BurUiqwe Horner^ 
57. Juno and he have had their quantum, 
And PLAY no more at rantom-scantum. 

3.x 796. Burns, JoUy Btggars, Ae 
night, at e'en, a merry cove O' randib 
ganerel bodies. Ibid, Wi' quaflSng and 
taugning, They rantbd and they sang. 
Ibul.t To James Ten$uu%t, Yours, Saint 
or Sinner, Rob the Ranter. 

18x5. Scott, Guy Mannering^ in. 
304. I was the mad randy fpsynty^ that 
nad been sc o urged, and bamshed and 
branded. Ibid, (z8z6>. Black Dwarfs ii. 
I hae a good conscience, unless it be about 
a RANT among the lasses, or a splore at a 

1833. SteambotU^ 179. * You are one 
of the protectors of innocence, I can see 
thatt' cried a randy- like woman. 

Z83 [?]. Cakltlb [Froudb, L\f€ in 
London. xvtiL]. That scandalous randy 
of a girl. 

C.X852. Traits qf Atner, Humour^ 49. 
He was the damdest, rantanicbrous 
hossfly that ever dum a tree. 

X87T. Figaro^ 15 Ap. We put him 
down near Sloane Square — There was a 
ranters' chapel there. 

X885. Punchy 27 June, 305. The 
Oracle, he Talks rantipole rubbish and 
fiddle-de-dee 1 

1887. Stevenson, John Nicolson, 
viL [ YuU Tide, oL John had been (as he 
was pleased to call it) visibly on the ran- 
dan the night before. 

2. (streets'). — See quot. 

Z887. Wal/ords Antiquarian, Ap. 
953. To Rant is to appropriate anything 
in a forcible manner. " Lets go and rant 
their marleys," savs one urchin to another, 
and straightway the pair annex the posses- 
sions of a more respectable party, but it 
b also used to denote undue freedom with 
females, and springs, no doubt, from 

Rap, subs, and verb, (old). — 
Quick, forcible, explosive action : 
generic : e.g. (i) a blow ; ' a Polt 
on the pate, and a hard knocking 
at a Door ' (B. E., c. 1696) ; (2) a 
FART {q*P') ; (3) an oath or ex- 

clamation (also rappbr) ; and (4) 
a severe reprimand : as a RAP 

ON (or over) THE FINGERS, 

KNUCKLES, &c. Hence, as verb. 
=s (i) to strike smartly or to 
speak forcibly (espec. to repri- 
mand) : asually with off or OUT ; 
(2) to break wind ; (3) to swear ; 
(4) to perjure oneself: to deal a 
blow at one's honor or another's 
reputation (Grose, 1785). Also 
ON THE rap = on the spree 
iq.v.) ; IN A RAP = in a moment ; 
RAPFULLY = violently ; rapped 
= (i) ruined ; (2) knocked out of 
time ; and (3) killed. 

x5xa-3. Douglas, Virgii, 74, 13. 
The broken skjris rappis furth thunderu 

d. 1549. (f Boroe], Mylnsr ofAbington 
[Hazlitt. Early Pop. Post., UL 1x5]. His 
wife lent him suche a raphe, That stil 00 
grounde he laie. 

C.XS53. Udall, Roister Bolster, iv. 
iiL To speede we are not like. Except ye 
RAPPB OUT a ragge of your Rhetorike. 

d.i$77. Gascoignb [Chalmers, IVks., 
ii. 486, ^ In Praise of Lady Sandes '). He 
. . . sodainly with mighty mace gan rap 
hir on the pate. 

X583. Stanvhurst, ASneid, iiL 566. 
And a sea-belch grounting on rough rocks 
RAPPULLY fretting. 

X59X. Greene, Second Part Conny- 
catching [IVorhs, x. 99]. He began to 
chafe, and to sweare, and to rap out 
gogges Nownes. 

X592|. Siiakspeare, Taming 0/ 
Shrew, 1. 3, 13. Villain, I say, knock me 
at this gate. And rap me well. Ibid. And 
RAP him soundly, sir. 

16x0. Percy Folio MS., * Fryar and 
Boye,' X04. I would shee might a rapp 
let goe that might ring through the place. 

x6x2. Shelton, Don Quixote, iv. x8. 
He rapped out an oath or two. 

X7xa. Arbuthnot, /ohn Bull [Oli. 
PHANT, New Eng., ii X55. The new 
substantives are . . . yellow-boy . . , 


X743. Fielding, Jon, Wild, l xiii. 
It was his constant maxim, that he was a 
pitiful fellow who would stick at a little 
RAPPING for his friend. 




1733. FiBLOiNG| Don QtUxpUt L i. 
The Don is just sacn another lean ram> 
SCALLION as hU . . . Rozinante. IHd, 
(i74aX Jos^h Amtmutt iv. iii. A pro* 
tession [the legal] . . . which owes to sncb 
kind of KAscALLiONS the ill-will which 
weak persons bear towards it. 

X749. Smollbtt, Gii Bias (181 a), 
III. iv. Let us take an oath never to serve 
such KAFSCALLIONS, and swear to it by the 
river Styx. 

X77a. Bkidgbs, BurUsqn* Horner^ 
3x6. As to that copper*nosed rabscal* 
LiOM, Venus's bully-bobck aad stallion. 

d, x8a^ Bykon, Ltttgr U Mr. Murray 
[Mncy. Dtet}. The pompoos kascaluon. 

1847. Lttton, Zucrtiia, i. x. Bnt 
the poor rapscaixiok had a heart larger 
than many honest painstaking men. 

x88s. Daify NewSf S9 Sept. To 
give no goods to those RAPaCALUON 

Raree-show, subs. pkr. (old).— A 
peep • show : specifically one 
earned in a box. Hence, rarbb- 
SHOWMAN = < a poor Savoyard 
trotting ap and down with port- 
able Boxes of Pappet-shews at 
their backs . . . Pedlars of Pup- 
pets.'— B. E. (f.1696); Grosb 


1697. VANBXUGHfPrvsW/lA/ Wift^ iL 
X. Your lai^cuage is a suitable trumpet 
to draw people's eyes upon the kaxbb* 


X707. Ward, Hud. Rtdto.^ n. vi. 3. 
The Rabble-Rout, Who move, in Tumults, 
to and fro. To wonder at the Rarbb-Show. 

2751. Smollrtt, Ptrtgritu Pickle ^ 
xlv. At last Pickle, being tired of ex- 
hibiting this rarrb-show . . . handed 
her into the coach. 

1837. LvTTON. Malirmfgrst v. xii. 
He expressed a dislike to be visited merely 


1885. Field, 4 Ap. As though a 
Catholic Church were a theatre or rarbb- 


Rascal, subs, (colloquial). — i. A 
term of (a) affection, and (b) con- 
tempt : ef. * rogue,' * scamp,' &c. 
(B. £., <:.i696, andGROSB, 1785). 

Also (2) ' a man without genitals ' 
(Gross, 1785). Whence rask a- 
BiLiA = the rascal people. See 

1557. TussBR, Husbandries as* Be- 
ware RASKABiLiA, slothful to worke. 

Rash er-of-wind, subs. pkr. (com- 
mon). — I. A thin person ; a 

LAMP- POST {q.V.)i or YARD OF 

2. (common). — Anything of 
little or no account. 

X899. D. Telerradk, 7 Ap., 8, a. 
Leu '^howl, an' S^uJ dit,in' goes 
on all the time, as if they was jest rashbrs 


Rasp, subs, (venery). — The female 
pudendum : see Monosyllable. 
To RASP (or do a rasp) = to 
copulate : su Grebns and Ride. 

Raspberry, subs, (stable). — 5m 

r.x88a Sporting Times [S. J. ft C]. 
One gentleman 1 came across had a^ way 
of finding out the cussedness of this or 
that animal by a method that I found to 
be not entirely his own. The tongue is 
inserted in the left cheek and foroed 
throagh the lips, producing a peculiarly 
squashy noise tnat is extremely urritating. 
It is termed, I believe, a raspbbrry, and 
when not emplo^Kl for the purple of 
testing horseflesh, is regarded rather as an 
expression of contempt than of admiration. 

Raspberry - tart, subs. pkr. 
(American). — A dainty girl. 

2. (rhyming). — The heart; and 
(3) a FART {q.V.). 

1893. Marshall, Rhyme <tf the 
Rusher [Sorting Times. 29 Oct. ]. Then 
1 sallied forth with a careless air, And coo- 
tented raspbbrrv-tart. 

Rasper, subs, (various). — Anything 
especial :^as (hunting) a bad leap ; 
(common) a punishing blow, rank 
tradesman, or flat falsehood ; 




163a Taylo*, Works (Narbs). If 
our hadeney ratlxrs were so drawne, 
With cords, or ropes, or halters. 

1633. CoTTiNCTON, T0 Strafford 
[Hallam. Const. Hist., 11. 89). The 
King hatn so rattlbo my lord-keeper 
that he is the most pliable man in England. 

1633. Prynnb, / Histrio'MairiXy L 
V. Our lasdvions, impudent, rattlb- 
PATED gadding fenuiles. 

1636. Hbvwood, Lov^s Mistress^ o. 
Boys without beards set boys, and guts 
bear girls; Fine little rattusc-babirs, 
scarce thus high, Are now called wives. 

164^. Hbylin, Lift of Laud, 957. 
Receiving such a rattus for his former 

d!.z6^9. Hakbwbll, A^iofy, All 
this ado about the golden age, is bat an 
empty rattle and frivolous conceit. 

1669. Pbpys, Diarv, 35 March. I 
did lay the law open to them, and rattle 
the master-attendants out of their wits 

1693. Hackbt, Wil/iamSf I 13a 
Many rattlbhbads as well as they, did 
bestir them to gain*stand this match. 

Z694. CoNGREVB, DouSle Dealer, u. 
4. Pray your ladyship, give me leave to 
be angry — 111 rattle him up, I warrant 

1701. Farquhar, St'r Henry Wil* 
dair, v. 3. I rather fancy that the 
RATTLB*HEADBD fellow, her husbuid, has 
broken the poor lady's heart. 

X708. SwiPT, Afst. Abolishing 
JCtnty. [Eney, Dict.\. He rattles it out 

agalbst Popery. Ibid.^ four. Stella, Ix. 
I chid the servants and made a rattle. 

170^ Steels, Tatler, Na a. My 
Lady with her tongue was still prepared. 
She RATTLED loud, and he impatient 

17x5. Hearni^ Religuite, 171 5. 
Towiuhend, one of the secretaries of 
state, hath sent rattling letters to Dr. 

Z740. Fielding. Tom fonts, iv. v. 
Tom, thoogh an idle, thoughtless, rat- 
tling rascal, was nobod/s enemy but his 

1754. Disc, fokn Poultert 37. Go 
three or four miles oat of Town to meet 
the rattlers. 

X764. MuRPHV, No Ondt Enemy t H 
This RATTLE seems to please you : but let 
me tell you, the man who prevails with lae 
must have extraordinary merit 

1773' Goldsmith, She Stools to 
Conquer, iiL At the Ladies' Qub in town 
I'm called their agreeable rattle. 

Z78Z. Messink, Choice qf HarU' 
quin. Song. Rattling up your darlnes, 
come hither at my call. 

Z788. Stevens. Ado. of a Sfkculist, 
U. 151. He was such a rattle-head, so 
inconstant and so unthinking. 

179a Shirrep, Poems, 49. Gin 
Geordy be the rattle-scull I'm taul', I 
may expect to find him stiff and haul*. 

z8z8. Austen, Northanger Abhey, 
ix. She had not been brought up to 
understand the propensities of a rattle, 
nor to know to how many idle assertions 
and impudent fislsehoods the excess oc 
vanity will lead. 

z8zo. Moore, Tom Crib, 8. And 
long before daylight, gigs, rattlers, and 
prads were in motion for Moolsey. 

x89a Lamb, Elia {South-sea House). 
A little less facetious, and a great d«d 
more obstreperous, was fine, rattung, 

z8az. Egan, Life in London, il v. 
At length a move was made, but not a 
RATTLER WRs to be had. 

Z844. Thacxsmah, Barry Lyndon,i. 
31. He danced prettily, to be sore, and 
was a pleasant rattle of a man. 

XB48. RuxTON, Far West, xa. 
Crawled like rattlers along this bottom. 

X854. Whtte Melville, General 
Bounce, xiiL Who would have suspected 
the rattling, agreeable, off-hand Mount 
Helicon of deep-laid schemes and daring 
ambition ? 

X857. KiNGSLBV, Two Years Ago. 
XL "Rattle-pate as I am, I forgot all 
about it." 

x86a. Comhill, Vov.,64Z. We have 
jost touched for a rattung stake of sugar 
at Brum. 

x86s. Dickens, Our Mutual 
Friend, I should have given him a rat- 
tler for himself, if Mrs. Boffin had not 
thrown herself betwixt us. 

X878. }»MX&, Euro^ea$u,\v. Robert 
Acton would put his band into his podcet 
every day in the week if that rattle- 
pated little sister of his shoukl bid him. 




Adj. (colloquial). — I. See 
stibs. I. 

2. (common). — Undiluted ; 


a nip of unwatered spirits. 

Raw-head (or RAw-FLE8H)»fif^j. 

phr. (old). — A spectre ; * a scare- 
child ' (B. E., Grose) : usually 
Raw-head and Bloody-bones. 

»5So^ /^/ «/'^nrii</&nf* Tni. (Oli- 
PHANT, Ntw Eiu., L 534. The Devil's 
•ecretary bean the name of Blooddv- 
BONB . . . whom we now oooi^e with 


.... Wyil <tf tkt DtoyU [Halu- 
wbll]. Written by oar fiuthftil tecre- 
taryes, hobgoblen, rawhbd, and bloody- 
BONK, in the spitefoll audience of all the 
Court of hell. 

1598- FloriOi WorUU 0f W^rdtt^ 
CmccimntmicPt a bragging craking boaster, 
a bugbeare, a rawb-flbsh and bloodib 


i6a9. Flbtchbr, Profktin*^ iv. 4. 
I was told before My face was bad 
enough : but now I look Like Bloody- 
BONBS AND Raw-hbad to fright children. 

1693. LoCKB, Education, 138. Ser- 
vants . . . awe children, and keep them 
in subjection, by telling tnem of rawhbad 

AND bloody BONBS. 

187a Figaro, 19 Oct. We have 
sometimes heard ch a school of literature 
called " The Raw-Hbad and Bloody- 
BoNBS School" 

RAW-L0B8TER, subs.phr. (obsolete). 
— A policeman : cf. lobster = 
a soldier. 

Raw- MEAT, subs, phr, (veneiy).— 
I. The ienis : see Prick; and 
(2) a node performer : see Meat. 

X766. Old Song, * The Butcher ' [ The 
EattU, 13). All women in love never like 
to be stinted. Take care that her mag widi 
RAW MBAT IS Well fed, Lest the hoims of 
an ox should adorn your calves' bead. 

Raw-'un8 (The), subs. phr. (pugil- 
istic).— Th(e naked fists. 

1887. Daily Nomt, 15 Sept, 4, 8. 
This encounter was without gloves, or, in 
the elegant language of the xv^g, with the 


1891. sporting L(f€, 96 Mar. I 
will stake ;Cxooo to ;C8oo, and fight you 
with the RAW-'UNS. ifUL Even Jem 
Carney . . . has been obliged to abandon 
the raw-un's for gloves pure and simple. 

Ray, subs, (thieves').— ^le^ qnot 

z869. Mayhbw, Lon. Lai., iv. 319^ 
"Toe said to him, < There U Dick's first 
trial, and you must give him a ray for it,' 
Le., x/6. 

Raymonder. Su Ramrod, 2. 

Razor, subs. (American Univer- 
sity). — Su qndt. 

i8[f). YaloUniv.Mag.[S.J.9iCy 
A pun m the elegant ooU^e dialect ts 

called a razor, while an attempt at a pun 
b styled a sick razor. The sick ones are 
by fisr the most numerous ; however, once 
in a while you meet with one in quite 
respectable health. 

2. (common). — In//. = aerated 
waters; sober- water (q.v.). 

Parlour-full of Razors. 
See Parlour. 

Razor-strop, subs. phr. (legal).— 
A copy of a writ. 

Razzle-dazzle, subs.phr. (Ameri- 
can). — ^A frolic. 

X890. GuNTBR, Miss Nobody, xiv. 
I'm gomg to razzlb-dazzlb the boys . . . 
with mi 

XV. • 1 

(Title of chapter^ 

xoDx. Binstrad, Mort Gats Gossip 
54. Bank-holidayites on the razxlsI 


my ^reat lightning change acL Ibid.^ 
XV. 'Little Gussie's Razzlb Dazzlk 

2 A* 



IBRARrES -STANFORD university 




f ■ .' i' ^ 

; :-'4 -STANFO 

_ 1 6 '?4 m 4,. ■<B Wc k 


^i/^iNr'CTKu u.>iivt.Ki?i I T L_l LJI \/^r\IL-0 

8 ST 

3 blDS OSb D15 551 









J W. 



ii *#i 


# '^ " 

•i^:i^^.Mi -^ 

5 *5' ', 

r-' 'J 



.j,^^ \:j^f»^-3"^ 

;U^I I . 

U ll' 

';^7 ■ 

r ' -^^ ^' ? K 1 ^ ■ 

'^ ^ Jti